CN110818129A - Ecological niche complementary technology-based water ecological protection and restoration method - Google Patents

Ecological niche complementary technology-based water ecological protection and restoration method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110818129A
CN110818129A CN201911134893.8A CN201911134893A CN110818129A CN 110818129 A CN110818129 A CN 110818129A CN 201911134893 A CN201911134893 A CN 201911134893A CN 110818129 A CN110818129 A CN 110818129A
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water
wall
ecological
fixed mounting
pump
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Inventor
杨品红
罗丛强
邵立业
邹万生
曾卓
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Hunan University of Arts and Science
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Hunan University of Arts and Science
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Priority to CN201911134893.8A priority Critical patent/CN110818129A/en
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F9/00Multistage treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/001Processes for the treatment of water whereby the filtration technique is of importance
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/72Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by oxidation
    • C02F1/76Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by oxidation with halogens or compounds of halogens
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2103/00Nature of the water, waste water, sewage or sludge to be treated
    • C02F2103/007Contaminated open waterways, rivers, lakes or ponds
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2301/00General aspects of water treatment
    • C02F2301/06Pressure conditions
    • C02F2301/066Overpressure, high pressure
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F3/00Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F3/32Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage characterised by the animals or plants used, e.g. algae
    • C02F3/322Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage characterised by the animals or plants used, e.g. algae use of algae
    • C02F3/325Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage characterised by the animals or plants used, e.g. algae use of algae as symbiotic combination of algae and bacteria
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F3/00Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F3/32Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage characterised by the animals or plants used, e.g. algae
    • C02F3/327Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage characterised by the animals or plants used, e.g. algae characterised by animals and plants
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F7/00Aeration of stretches of water
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W10/00Technologies for wastewater treatment
    • Y02W10/10Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage

Abstract

The invention discloses an ecological protection and restoration method based on ecological niche complementary technology, belonging to the technical field of aquatic ecological protection and restoration, and the method comprises sludge replacement, water quality management, enhancement of habitat in a river channel, buffer zone construction, artificial aeration and oxygenation, biological strengthening, ecological niche complementary and ecological chain restoration, and provides a blue algae treatment device for water quality management. Can reasonably protect and restore the water ecology based on the ecological niche complementary technology, and can perfectly solve the problem of the blue algae and purify the water quality through the blue algae treatment device.

Description

Ecological niche complementary technology-based water ecological protection and restoration method
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of water ecological protection and restoration, in particular to a water ecological protection and restoration method based on ecological niche complementary technology.
Background
Along with the development of industry, the living standard of people is continuously improved, the global environment is continuously deteriorated, and the water body pollution control and the ecological environment improvement enter a relative bottleneck period; the method aims at the problems of fragility of a water circulation system, reduction of water environment quality, degradation of water functions and the like, and researches on aspects of town sewage collection and treatment, surface runoff pollution control, urban water function recovery, water body ecological landscape construction and the like are carried out. A series of advanced water pollution control, ecosystem construction and recovery and waterscape optimization technologies are developed aiming at the research of urban rivers, water supply reservoirs, natural lakes, constructed wetlands and artificial landscape water bodies, are applied to numerous engineering practices, and have already made praise success.
As the source of life, namely spring water, closely related to the life of each person, both drinking and sensory aspects do not allow us to ignore the life, the protection and restoration of water ecology become a great problem to be urgently solved. The current water ecological restoration technology mainly comprises the technologies of pollutant interception, pollutant reduction and pollutant removal, wherein the pollutant interception is mainly used for controlling exogenous pollution, so that favorable conditions are created for controlling endogenous pollution, and the pollutant reduction technology refers to a sediment dredging technology, a hydrodynamic circulation technology and some chemical restoration technologies, but the technologies can only be used as auxiliary measures to some extent, and can treat symptoms and not treat the root causes. Therefore, we propose a water ecological protection and restoration method based on ecological niche complementation technology.
Disclosure of Invention
1. Technical problem to be solved
Aiming at the problems in the prior art, the invention aims to provide a water ecology protection and restoration method based on an ecological niche complementation technology, which can reasonably protect and restore water ecology based on the ecological niche complementation technology, and can perfectly solve the problem of blue algae and purify water quality through a blue algae treatment device.
2. Technical scheme
In order to solve the above problems, the present invention adopts the following technical solutions.
An ecological niche complementary technology-based water ecological protection and restoration method comprises the following steps:
s1, replacing sludge: extracting the deposited sludge at the bottom of the lake, pumping the sludge into a sedimentation tank for sedimentation treatment, and finally reintroducing the treated sludge into the lake;
s2, water quality management: using a blue algae treatment device to treat blue algae in water and purify water quality;
s3, strengthening habitat in the river channel: a large amount of gravels are taken, and gravel groups are paved in a riverway area, so that the action between a water body and a bank slope is adjusted, the diversified water side landform and water flow characteristics are formed, and the functions of fish and other aquatic organism habitat are increased;
s4, construction of a buffer zone: trees are planted on two sides of the river bank to form buffering, so that nutrients, sediments, organic matters, pesticides and other pollutants caused by surface runoff, waste water, underground runoff and even deep underground water flow of the sloping field are prevented from entering a river and lake system;
s5, artificial aeration oxygenation: arranging a large blower at the river side to oxygenate and aerate the lake water;
s6, biological enhancement: adding microorganisms with specific functions into the river water to enhance the degradation capability and the degradation rate of a treatment system on specific pollutants;
s7, ecological niche complementation: the method comprises the following steps of planting appropriate amounts of submerged plants, floating plants and emergent plants in a river, wherein the submerged plants, the floating plants and the emergent plants grow on different layers respectively, and the submerged plants, the floating plants and the emergent plants have difference in resource utilization and can better coexist;
s8, restoring an ecological chain: the ecological chain relation and the biological population structure between the mudflat organisms are restored by combining the manual putting of large-scale economic biological species and the manual cultivation and propagation of the mudflat aquatic organisms, and the interaction of the ecological environment and the three-dimensional structure of the multi-level biological population forms a natural ecological system in the pastoral area.
Further, the emergent aquatic plant is one or more of cattail, water chestnut, reed, allium mongolicum regel, canna, iris, calamus, reed, loosestrife and religious flower; the submerged plant is one or more of hornworts, eel algae, and gynura bicolor; the water lily plant is one or more of water hyacinth, duckweed and water lily.
Furthermore, the large-scale economic organism species comprise crabs, shrimps, fish and shellfish, and the intertidal aquatic organisms comprise crabs, shrimps, fish, shellfish and algae.
Further, the blue algae processing device comprises a device base, four movable wheels are arranged at the bottom of the device base and are distributed in a rectangular shape, a traction seat is fixedly installed on the outer wall of the left side of the device base, a traction block is fixedly installed on the outer wall of the left side of the traction seat, a shaft pin is movably installed inside the traction block, a lifting pump is fixedly installed on the outer wall of the top of the device base, the water inlet end of the lifting pump is communicated with a water pumping pipe, the water outlet end of the lifting pump is communicated with a water delivery pipe, a vertical plate is fixedly installed on the left side of the lifting pump, a plurality of supports are fixedly installed on the outer wall of one front side of the vertical plate, the water pumping pipe penetrates through the vertical plate and is coiled on the supports, a screw rod is fixedly installed above the supports, a hanging block is fixedly installed on the outer wall of one end, far away from the lifting pump, of the water, just being located to hang on the outer wall of screw rod and putting the dead ahead threaded connection of piece and having stop nut, the setting of traction seat, traction block, pivot makes blue alga processing apparatus be convenient for link to each other with the tractor to the setting of wheel is removed in the cooperation, makes the device be convenient for remove, and then is convenient for administer the blue alga, and riser, support, screw rod, the setting of hanging piece, stop nut make the drinking-water pipe be convenient for accomodate, place.
Further, the right side fixed mounting of elevator pump has the setting tank, the one end that elevator pump was kept away from to the raceway is linked together with the inside of setting tank, fixed mounting has the booster pump on the top outer wall of setting tank, the output of booster pump is linked together through trachea and the inside of setting tank, be provided with the pressure monitoring table on the top outer wall of setting tank, the intercommunication has the discharging pipe on the bottom outer wall of setting tank, be provided with the bleeder valve on the outer wall of discharging pipe, fixed mounting has the placing base under the bleeder valve, place the storage bucket in the base, the top of storage bucket is the opening form, starts the booster pump and carries out the pressure boost to the setting tank in, and the inside and outside pressure differential that forms of blue alga in the setting tank makes blue alga break and emit pseudo-vacuole to make blue alga deposit to setting tank bottom, discharging pipe, bleeder valve, place the base, The arrangement of the collecting barrel can facilitate the collection of the precipitated blue algae.
Further, fixed mounting has the type frame of returning on the right side inner wall of setting tank, the one end fixed mounting that the setting tank was kept away from to the type frame has the filter screen, and the setting of type frame, filter screen returns can prevent that the water pump from with the suction of blue alga in the purifying box.
Further, the right side fixed mounting of setting tank has the purifying box, fixed mounting has the backup pad on the left side outer wall of purifying box, the top fixed mounting of backup pad has the water pump, the end of intaking of water pump is linked together with the setting tank is inside, the play water end of water pump is linked together with the inside of purifying box.
Further, the intercommunication has the inlet pipe on the top outer wall of purifying box, fixed mounting has U type pole on the top outer wall of purifying box, one side fixed mounting at U type pole rear has driving motor, fixedly connected with disc on driving motor's the output, fixed mounting has the regulation pole on the outer wall of disc front one side, movable mounting has the gangbar on the outer wall of U type pole, the linkage recess has been seted up at the middle part of gangbar, adjust the pole and run through the linkage recess and rather than sliding connection, the bottom fixed mounting of gangbar has the bearing, fixedly connected with (mixing) shaft on the inner wall of bearing inner circle, equal fixed mounting has a plurality of stirring leaves on the outer wall of (mixing) shaft left and right sides, the intercommunication has the drain pipe on the outer wall of purifying box's right side.
Further, a gear rod is fixedly mounted on the inner wall of the purifying box, a linkage gear is fixedly connected to the outer wall of the stirring shaft, and the linkage gear is meshed with the gear rod.
3. Advantageous effects
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the advantages that:
(1) the scheme provides a water ecology protection and restoration method comprising sludge replacement, water quality management, enhancement of habitat in a river channel, buffer zone construction, artificial aeration, biological strengthening, ecological niche complementation and restoration of ecological chain, and provides a matched blue algae treatment device for water quality management, which not only can reasonably and perfectly protect and restore water ecology, but also provides a method for putting and planting a proper amount of submerged plants, floating plants and emergent aquatic plants into a river based on the ecological niche complementation technology, wherein the submerged plants, the floating plants and the emergent plants grow on different layers respectively, and the submerged plants, the floating plants and the emergent plants have difference in resource utilization and can better coexist, so that the water ecology is not easily damaged.
(2) U type pole, driving motor, disc, regulation pole, gangbar, linkage recess, linkage gear, gear pole, (mixing) shaft, stirring leaf, bearing set up, start driving motor and can make the (mixing) shaft remove when rotating to drive the stirring leaf and accelerate the mixing of sodium hypochlorite and microcystin, improved purification efficiency.
(3) Through the arrangement of the movable wheels, the traction seat, the traction block and the shaft pin, the blue algae treatment device is convenient to move, and further is convenient to treat water quality.
(4) Through the arrangement of the vertical plate, the support, the screw rod, the hanging block and the limiting nut, the water pumping pipe is convenient to store and place.
(5) Through setting tank, booster pump, pressure monitoring table, discharging pipe, bleeder valve, place base, storage bucket, time type frame, filter screen, start the booster pump and can make the blue alga break, deposit, open the bleeder valve after the river is taken out, blue alga accessible discharging pipe falls into the storage bucket to be convenient for take out the blue alga.
(6) The arrangement of the shape returning frame and the filter screen can prevent the blue algae from being pumped into the purifying box by the water pump.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of a blue algae treatment apparatus according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a side view at a riser of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view of the interior of the settling tank of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a side view of the present invention at a frame;
FIG. 5 is a cross-sectional view of the inside of the purification tank of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is an enlarged view taken at A of FIG. 5 in accordance with the present invention;
fig. 7 is a top view of the gear lever of the present invention.
The reference numbers in the figures illustrate:
1. a device base; 2. moving the wheels; 3. a traction seat; 4. a traction block; 5. a shaft pin; 6. a drain pipe; 7. a lift pump; 8. a water pumping pipe; 9. a water delivery pipe; 10. a vertical plate; 11. a support; 12. a screw; 13. hanging the block; 14. a limit nut; 15. a settling tank; 16. a booster pump; 17. a pressure monitoring meter; 18. a discharge pipe; 19. a discharge valve; 20. placing a base; 21. a collecting barrel; 22. a back-shaped frame; 23. a filter screen; 24. a purification box; 25. a support plate; 26. a water pump; 27. a feed pipe; 28. a U-shaped rod; 29. a drive motor; 30. a disc; 31. adjusting a rod; 32. a linkage rod; 33. a linkage groove; 34. a linkage gear; 35. a gear lever; 36. a stirring shaft; 37. stirring blades; 38. and a bearing.
Detailed Description
The technical solution in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention; it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all embodiments, and all other embodiments obtained by those skilled in the art without any inventive work are within the scope of the present invention.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that the terms "upper", "lower", "inner", "outer", "top/bottom", and the like indicate orientations or positional relationships based on those shown in the drawings, and are only for convenience of description and simplification of description, but do not indicate or imply that the referred device or element must have a specific orientation, be constructed in a specific orientation, and be operated, and thus should not be construed as limiting the present invention. Furthermore, the terms "first" and "second" are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that, unless otherwise explicitly specified or limited, the terms "mounted," "disposed," "sleeved/connected," "connected," and the like are to be construed broadly, e.g., "connected," which may be fixedly connected, detachably connected, or integrally connected; can be mechanically or electrically connected; they may be connected directly or indirectly through intervening media, or they may be interconnected between two elements. The specific meanings of the above terms in the present invention can be understood in specific cases to those skilled in the art.
Example 1:
an ecological niche complementary technology-based water ecological protection and restoration method comprises the following steps:
s1, replacing sludge: extracting the deposited sludge at the bottom of the lake, pumping the sludge into a sedimentation tank for sedimentation treatment, and finally reintroducing the treated sludge into the lake;
s2, water quality management: using a blue algae treatment device to treat blue algae in water and purify water quality;
s3, strengthening habitat in the river channel: a large amount of gravels are taken, and gravel groups are paved in a riverway area, so that the action between a water body and a bank slope is adjusted, the diversified water side landform and water flow characteristics are formed, and the functions of fish and other aquatic organism habitat are increased;
s4, construction of a buffer zone: trees are planted on two sides of the river bank to form buffering, so that nutrients, sediments, organic matters, pesticides and other pollutants caused by surface runoff, waste water, underground runoff and even deep underground water flow of the sloping field are prevented from entering a river and lake system;
s5, artificial aeration oxygenation: arranging a large blower at the river side to oxygenate and aerate the lake water;
s6, biological enhancement: adding microorganisms with specific functions into the river water to enhance the degradation capability and the degradation rate of a treatment system on specific pollutants;
s7, ecological niche complementation: planting a proper amount of submerged plants, floating plants and emergent plants in a river, wherein the submerged plants, the floating plants and the emergent plants grow on different layers respectively, have difference in resource utilization and can better coexist, and the emergent plants are one or more of cattail, water chestnut, reed, allium fistulosum, canna, iris, calamus, reed, loosestrife and hydrangea; the submerged plant is one or more of hornworts, eel algae, and gynura segetum; the water lily plant is one or more of water hyacinth, duckweed and water lily;
s8, restoring an ecological chain: the ecological chain relation and the biological population structure between the mudflat organisms are restored by combining the artificial putting of large-scale economic biological species and the artificial breeding of the mudflat aquatic organisms, the interaction of the ecological environment and the three-dimensional structure of the multi-layer biological population forms a natural ecological system of a pastoral area, the large-scale economic biological species comprise crabs, shrimps, fishes and shellfishes, and the breeding mudflat aquatic organisms comprise crabs, shrimps, fishes, shellfishes and algae.
Referring to fig. 1-2, the blue algae processing apparatus includes an apparatus base 1, four movable wheels 2 are disposed at the bottom of the apparatus base 1, the four movable wheels 2 are distributed in a rectangular shape, a traction seat 3 is fixedly mounted on the left outer wall of the apparatus base 1, a traction block 4 is fixedly mounted on the left outer wall of the traction seat 3, a shaft pin 5 is movably mounted inside the traction block 4, a lift pump 7 is fixedly mounted on the top outer wall of the apparatus base 1, a water inlet end of the lift pump 7 is communicated with a water pumping pipe 8, a water outlet end of the lift pump 7 is communicated with a water pipe 9, a vertical plate 10 is fixedly mounted on the left side of the lift pump 7, a plurality of supports 11 are fixedly mounted on the outer wall on the front side of the vertical plate 10, the water pumping pipe 8 penetrates through the vertical plate 10 and is coiled on the supports 11, a screw 12 is fixedly mounted above the supports 11, a hanging block 13 is, screw rod 12 runs through to hang and puts piece 13 and rather than sliding connection, and the dead ahead threaded connection who just is located to hang and puts piece 13 on the outer wall of screw rod 12 has stop nut 14, traction seat 3, traction block 4, the setting of pivot 5, make blue alga processing apparatus be convenient for link to each other with the tractor, and the setting of wheel 2 is removed in the cooperation, make the device be convenient for remove, and then be convenient for administer the blue alga, riser 10, support 11, screw rod 12, hang and put piece 13, stop nut 14's setting, make drinking-water pipe 8 be convenient for accomodate, place.
Referring to fig. 1 and 3-4, a precipitation tank 15 is fixedly installed on the right side of a lift pump 7, one end of a water pipe 9 far away from the lift pump 7 is communicated with the inside of the precipitation tank 15, a booster pump 16 is fixedly installed on the outer wall of the top of the precipitation tank 15, the output end of the booster pump 16 is communicated with the inside of the precipitation tank 15 through an air pipe, a pressure monitoring meter 17 is arranged on the outer wall of the top of the precipitation tank 15, a discharge pipe 18 is communicated with the outer wall of the bottom of the precipitation tank 15, a discharge valve 19 is arranged on the outer wall of the discharge pipe 18, a placing base 20 is fixedly installed right below the discharge valve 19, a material collecting barrel 21 is placed in the placing base 20, the top of the material collecting barrel 21 is open, the booster pump 16 is started to pressurize the inside of the precipitation tank 15, a pressure difference is formed between the inside and the outside of the blue algae in the precipitation tank, discharging pipe 18, bleeder valve 19, place the setting of base 20, storage bucket 21, the blue alga of collection sediment of can being convenient for, fixed mounting has back type frame 22 on the right side inner wall of setting tank 15, and the one end fixed mounting that returns type frame 22 and keep away from setting tank 15 has filter screen 23, and the setting of back type frame 22, filter screen 23 can prevent that water pump 26 from with the blue alga suction in purifying box 24.
Please refer to fig. 1 and fig. 5-7, a purifying box 24 is fixedly installed on the right side of the settling tank 15, a supporting plate 25 is fixedly installed on the outer wall of the left side of the purifying box 24, a water pump 26 is fixedly installed on the top end of the supporting plate 25, the water inlet end of the water pump 26 is communicated with the inside of the settling tank 15, the water outlet end of the water pump 26 is communicated with the inside of the purifying box 24, a feed pipe 27 is communicated with the outer wall of the top of the purifying box 24, a U-shaped rod 28 is fixedly installed on the outer wall of the top of the purifying box 24, a driving motor 29 is fixedly installed on one side behind the U-shaped rod 28, a disc 30 is fixedly connected to the output end of the driving motor 29, an adjusting rod 31 is fixedly installed on the outer wall of one side of the front face of the disc 30, a linkage rod 32 is movably installed on the outer wall of the U-shaped rod 28, fixedly connected with (mixing) shaft 36 on the inner wall of bearing 38 inner circle, equal fixed mounting has a plurality of stirring leaves 37 on the outer wall of the (mixing) shaft 36 left and right sides, the intercommunication has drain pipe 6 on the right side outer wall of purifying box 24, and fixed mounting has gear pole 35 on the inner wall of purifying box 24, fixedly connected with linkage gear 34 on the outer wall of (mixing) shaft 36, and linkage gear 34 is connected with gear pole 35 meshing.
The concrete operations of water quality management in step S1 are: the device is connected with a tractor through a traction seat 3, a traction block 4 and a shaft pin 5, the tractor is driven to move the device to the bank of a dense blue algae place, a limit nut 14 is unscrewed, a water pumping pipe 8 is taken down and placed in a river, a lifting pump 7 is started to pump the blue algae and river water into a settling tank 15, a booster pump 16 is started to pressurize the interior of the settling tank 15, a pressure difference is formed between the interior and the exterior of the blue algae in the settling tank 15, the blue algae are broken to release pseudo-vacuoles, the blue algae are settled to the bottom of the settling tank 15, a water pump 26 is started to pump water separated from the blue algae in the settling tank 15 into a purification tank 24, a sodium hypochlorite solution is added into the purification tank 24 through a feed pipe 27, the sodium hypochlorite solution can eliminate microcystic toxins in the water and purify the river water, a driving motor 29 is started to drive a disc 30 to rotate, a regulating rod 31 drives a linkage rod, The stirring blade 37 moves back and forth left and right, and the stirring shaft 36 rotates in the moving process through the arrangement of the linkage gear 34 and the gear rod 35, so that the stirring blade 37 is driven to fully stir the water in the purifying box 24, the mixing of the sodium hypochlorite solution and the microcystin is accelerated, the purification is finished, and the water is discharged into a river through the water discharge pipe 6.
The invention provides a water ecology protection and restoration method comprising sludge replacement, water quality management, enhancement of habitat in a river channel, construction of a buffer zone, artificial aeration and oxygenation, biological enhancement, ecological niche complementation and restoration of an ecological chain, and provides a matched blue algae treatment device for water quality management, which not only can reasonably and perfectly protect and restore water ecology, but also provides a method for planting a proper amount of submerged plants, floating plants and emergent aquatic plants in a river based on the ecological niche complementation technology, wherein the submerged plants, the floating plants and the emergent plants respectively grow on different layers, and the submerged plants, the floating plants and the emergent plants have difference in resource utilization and can better coexist, so that the water ecology is not easily damaged.
The foregoing is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention; the scope of the invention is not limited thereto. Any person skilled in the art should be able to cover the technical scope of the present invention by equivalent or modified solutions and modifications within the technical scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. An ecological niche complementary technology-based water ecological protection and restoration method is characterized in that: the method comprises the following steps:
s1, replacing sludge: extracting the deposited sludge at the bottom of the lake, pumping the sludge into a sedimentation tank for sedimentation treatment, and finally reintroducing the treated sludge into the lake;
s2, water quality management: using a blue algae treatment device to treat blue algae in water and purify water quality;
s3, strengthening habitat in the river channel: a large amount of gravels are taken, and gravel groups are paved in a riverway area, so that the action between a water body and a bank slope is adjusted, the diversified water side landform and water flow characteristics are formed, and the functions of fish and other aquatic organism habitat are increased;
s4, construction of a buffer zone: trees are planted on two sides of the river bank to form buffering, so that nutrients, sediments, organic matters, pesticides and other pollutants caused by surface runoff, waste water, underground runoff and even deep underground water flow of the sloping field are prevented from entering a river and lake system;
s5, artificial aeration oxygenation: arranging a large blower at the river side to oxygenate and aerate the lake water;
s6, biological enhancement: adding microorganisms with specific functions into the river water to enhance the degradation capability and the degradation rate of a treatment system on specific pollutants;
s7, ecological niche complementation: the method comprises the following steps of planting appropriate amounts of submerged plants, floating plants and emergent plants in a river, wherein the submerged plants, the floating plants and the emergent plants grow on different layers respectively, and the submerged plants, the floating plants and the emergent plants have difference in resource utilization and can better coexist;
s8, restoring an ecological chain: the ecological chain relation and the biological population structure between the mudflat organisms are restored by combining the manual putting of large-scale economic biological species and the manual cultivation and propagation of the mudflat aquatic organisms, and the interaction of the ecological environment and the three-dimensional structure of the multi-level biological population forms a natural ecological system in the pastoral area.
2. The water ecological protection and restoration method based on ecological niche complementation technology according to claim 1, characterized in that: the emergent aquatic plant is one or more of cattail, water chestnut white, reed, allium mongolicum regel, canna, iris, calamus, reed, loosestrife and religious flower; the submerged plant is one or more of hornworts, eel algae, and gynura bicolor; the water lily plant is one or more of water hyacinth, duckweed and water lily.
3. The water ecological protection and restoration method based on ecological niche complementation technology according to claim 1, characterized in that: the large-scale economic organism species comprise crabs, shrimps, fishes and shellfishes, and the mud flat aquatic organisms comprise the crabs, the shrimps, the fishes, the shellfishes and algae.
4. The water ecological protection and restoration method based on ecological niche complementation technology according to claim 1, characterized in that: the blue algae treatment device comprises a device base (1), wherein four movable wheels (2) are arranged at the bottom of the device base (1), the four movable wheels (2) are distributed in a rectangular shape, a traction seat (3) is fixedly installed on the outer wall of the left side of the device base (1), a traction block (4) is fixedly installed on the outer wall of the left side of the traction seat (3), a shaft pin (5) is movably installed inside the traction block (4), a lifting pump (7) is fixedly installed on the outer wall of the top of the device base (1), the water inlet end of the lifting pump (7) is communicated with a water pumping pipe (8), the water outlet end of the lifting pump (7) is communicated with a water conveying pipe (9), a vertical plate (10) is fixedly installed on the left side of the lifting pump (7), a plurality of supports (11) are fixedly installed on the outer wall of the front side of the vertical plate (10), and the water pumping pipe (8) penetrates through the vertical plate (10), the top fixed mounting of support (11) has screw rod (12), fixed mounting has to hang puts piece (13) on the outer wall of elevator pump (7) one end is kept away from in drinking-water pipe (8), screw rod (12) run through hang put piece (13) and rather than sliding connection, just the place ahead threaded connection who puts piece (13) just is located to hang on the outer wall of screw rod (12) has stop nut (14).
5. The water ecological protection and restoration method based on ecological niche complementation technology according to claim 4, characterized in that: the right side fixed mounting of elevator pump (7) has setting tank (15), the one end that elevator pump (7) were kept away from in raceway (9) is linked together with the inside of setting tank (15), fixed mounting has booster pump (16) on the top outer wall of setting tank (15), the output of booster pump (16) is linked together through the inside of trachea with setting tank (15), be provided with pressure monitoring table (17) on the top outer wall of setting tank (15), the intercommunication has discharging pipe (18) on the bottom outer wall of setting tank (15), be provided with bleeder valve (19) on the outer wall of discharging pipe (18), fixed mounting places base (20) under bleeder valve (19), place and place storage bucket (21) in base (20), the top of storage bucket (21) is the opening form.
6. The water ecological protection and restoration method based on ecological niche complementation technology according to claim 5, characterized in that: the utility model discloses a sedimentation tank, including setting up sedimentation tank (15), return type frame (22) and keep away from the one end fixed mounting of sedimentation tank (15) and have filter screen (23) on the right side inner wall of sedimentation tank (15).
7. The water ecological protection and restoration method based on ecological niche complementation technology according to claim 5, characterized in that: the right side fixed mounting of setting tank (15) has purifying box (24), fixed mounting has backup pad (25) on the left side outer wall of purifying box (24), the top fixed mounting of backup pad (25) has water pump (26), the end of intaking of water pump (26) is linked together with setting tank (15) inside, the play water end of water pump (26) is linked together with the inside of purifying box (24).
8. The water ecological protection and restoration method based on ecological niche complementation technology according to claim 7, characterized in that: the purification device is characterized in that an inlet pipe (27) is communicated with the outer wall of the top of the purification box (24), a U-shaped rod (28) is fixedly mounted on the outer wall of the top of the purification box (24), a driving motor (29) is fixedly mounted on one side of the rear of the U-shaped rod (28), a disc (30) is fixedly connected to the output end of the driving motor (29), an adjusting rod (31) is fixedly mounted on the outer wall of one side of the front surface of the disc (30), a linkage rod (32) is movably mounted on the outer wall of the U-shaped rod (28), a linkage groove (33) is formed in the middle of the linkage rod (32), the adjusting rod (31) penetrates through the linkage groove (33) and is in sliding connection with the linkage groove (33), a bearing (38) is fixedly mounted at the bottom end of the linkage rod (32), a stirring shaft (36) is fixedly connected to the inner wall of the inner ring of the bearing (38), and, the outer wall of the right side of the purification box (24) is communicated with a drain pipe (6).
9. The water ecological protection and restoration method based on ecological niche complementation technology according to claim 7, characterized in that: fixed mounting has gear pole (35) on the inner wall of purifying box (24), fixedly connected with linkage gear (34) on the outer wall of puddler (36), linkage gear (34) are connected with gear pole (35) meshing.
CN201911134893.8A 2019-11-19 2019-11-19 Ecological niche complementary technology-based water ecological protection and restoration method Pending CN110818129A (en)

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20130017415A1 (en) * 2011-07-11 2013-01-17 Uwm Research Foundation, Inc. Integrated photo-bioelectrochemical systems
CN105347494A (en) * 2015-11-24 2016-02-24 中国水产科学研究院渔业机械仪器研究所 Ecological restoration method for municipal eutrophicated river
CN106430526A (en) * 2016-10-14 2017-02-22 台州市绿野环保工程有限公司 River sewage treatment process
CN206809908U (en) * 2017-06-05 2017-12-29 江西省科学院 A kind of precipitating type blue-green algae water separation device
CN109574432A (en) * 2019-01-02 2019-04-05 上海园林绿化建设有限公司 A kind of lake water Ecosystem restoration system

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20130017415A1 (en) * 2011-07-11 2013-01-17 Uwm Research Foundation, Inc. Integrated photo-bioelectrochemical systems
CN105347494A (en) * 2015-11-24 2016-02-24 中国水产科学研究院渔业机械仪器研究所 Ecological restoration method for municipal eutrophicated river
CN106430526A (en) * 2016-10-14 2017-02-22 台州市绿野环保工程有限公司 River sewage treatment process
CN206809908U (en) * 2017-06-05 2017-12-29 江西省科学院 A kind of precipitating type blue-green algae water separation device
CN109574432A (en) * 2019-01-02 2019-04-05 上海园林绿化建设有限公司 A kind of lake water Ecosystem restoration system

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