CN110813510B - Construction waste layering breaker - Google Patents

Construction waste layering breaker Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110813510B
CN110813510B CN201911195532.4A CN201911195532A CN110813510B CN 110813510 B CN110813510 B CN 110813510B CN 201911195532 A CN201911195532 A CN 201911195532A CN 110813510 B CN110813510 B CN 110813510B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
waste
door opening
feeding
plate
stirring
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CN201911195532.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN110813510A (en
Inventor
李雪金
孙乐洋
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Shenzhen HuiSen energy and Environmental Protection Technology Co.,Ltd.
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Shenzhen Huisen Energy And Environmental Protection Technology Co ltd
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Priority to CN201911195532.4A priority Critical patent/CN110813510B/en
Publication of CN110813510A publication Critical patent/CN110813510A/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/02Feeding devices
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/08Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating
    • B02C23/14Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating with more than one separator
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/08Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating
    • B02C23/16Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating with separator defining termination of crushing or disintegrating zone, e.g. screen denying egress of oversize material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/28Moving screens not otherwise provided for, e.g. swinging, reciprocating, rocking, tilting or wobbling screens
    • B07B1/36Moving screens not otherwise provided for, e.g. swinging, reciprocating, rocking, tilting or wobbling screens jigging or moving to-and-fro in more than one direction
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/42Drive mechanisms, regulating or controlling devices, or balancing devices, specially adapted for screens
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/46Constructional details of screens in general; Cleaning or heating of screens

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of garbage classification and crushing, in particular to a construction garbage layered crushing device which comprises a first garbage separating mechanism, a second garbage separating mechanism, a large-scale feeding mechanism, a small-scale feeding mechanism, a receiving barrel, a large-scale garbage crusher and a small-scale garbage crusher, wherein the feeding end of the large-scale feeding mechanism is positioned at the discharging end of the first garbage separating mechanism, the feeding end of the large-scale crusher is positioned at the discharging end of the large-scale feeding mechanism, the second garbage separating mechanism is positioned at the bottom of the first garbage separating mechanism, the feeding end of the small-scale feeding mechanism is positioned at the discharging end of the second garbage separating mechanism, the feeding end of the small-scale garbage crusher is positioned at the discharging end of the small-scale feeding mechanism, and the receiving barrel is positioned at the bottom of the second garbage separating mechanism, can separate small garbage from dust and save resources.

Description

Construction waste layering breaker
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of garbage classification and crushing, in particular to a construction garbage layered crushing device.
Background
The construction waste refers to the general name of dregs, waste concrete, waste bricks and stones and other wastes produced by people in the production activities of the construction industry such as demolition, construction, decoration and repair. The construction waste can be classified into engineering residue soil, decoration waste, demolition waste, engineering slurry and the like according to the production source; the construction waste can be classified into slag, concrete blocks, broken stone blocks, broken bricks and tiles, waste mortar, slurry, asphalt blocks, waste plastics, waste metals, waste bamboo and wood and the like according to the composition.
The construction waste refers to construction waste generated by human or natural reasons in engineering, and comprises waste residue soil, waste soil, silt, waste materials and the like. The materials are not helpful to the building per se, but substances generated in the building process need to be correspondingly treated, so that ideal engineering project construction can be achieved, the materials are an integral process, link consideration is more important, but the sizes of the building wastes are inconsistent, in the building waste crushing process, the fine wastes are wasted in a large crusher, the huge wastes are fed into a small crusher and can damage the small crusher, so that the wastes need to be classified according to the sizes, and the wastes are fed into crushers of different specifications according to the sizes of the wastes.
Therefore, the construction waste layered crushing device can effectively solve the problem that waste with different sizes enters the corresponding crusher, so that the crusher can break the construction waste in a targeted manner and operate efficiently.
Disclosure of Invention
The technical problem to be solved by the invention is to provide a construction waste layered crushing device, the technical scheme can separate large construction waste from small construction waste, so that different waste enters different crushers, the crushers can work efficiently to achieve maximum efficiency, the small waste can be separated from dust, the dust and the dust are directly collected and do not need to enter the crushers again, and resources are saved.
In order to solve the technical problems, the invention provides the following technical scheme:
the construction waste layered crushing device comprises a first waste separating mechanism, a second waste separating mechanism, a large-sized feeding mechanism, a small-sized feeding mechanism, a receiving barrel, a large-sized waste crusher and a small-sized waste crusher;
the feeding end of the large-scale feeding mechanism is located at the discharging end of the first garbage separating mechanism, the feeding end of the large-scale crusher is located at the discharging end of the large-scale feeding mechanism, the second garbage separating mechanism is located at the bottom of the first garbage separating mechanism, the feeding end of the small-scale feeding mechanism is located at the discharging end of the second garbage separating mechanism, the feeding end of the small-scale garbage crusher is located at the discharging end of the small-scale feeding mechanism, and the collecting barrel is located at the bottom of the second garbage separating mechanism.
The preferable first garbage separating mechanism comprises a support frame, a material barrel, a stirring mechanism and a door opening mechanism, wherein the material barrel is positioned at the top of the support frame, the support frame is in semi-encircling with the material barrel, the support frame is fixedly connected with the material barrel, the stirring mechanism is positioned at the top of the support frame, the working end of the stirring mechanism is positioned inside the material barrel, the stirring mechanism is fixedly connected with the support frame, the door opening mechanism is positioned at the top of the support frame, the working end of the door opening mechanism is connected with the material barrel, and the door opening mechanism is fixedly connected with the support frame.
The preferred feed cylinder is including having annular plate, sieve and crescent moon door, and the annular plate is located the top of sieve, is equipped with the hole on the sieve to annular plate and sieve fixed connection are equipped with the breach on the annular plate, and the crescent moon is located breach department, and is equipped with the dwang on the crescent moon, and the crescent moon passes through the dwang and articulates with the annular plate.
The preferred mechanism of opening a door is including the curved bar that opens the door, the straight-bar that opens the door, the actuating lever that opens the door, servo motor, the curved bar that opens the door is located the top of dwang to the one end and the dwang fixed connection of curved bar that open the door, servo motor installs in the lateral wall of support frame, the one end of the actuating lever that opens the door and servo motor's output fixed connection, the straight-bar that opens the door is located the curved bar that opens the door and opens the door between the actuating lever, and the both ends of the straight-bar that opens the door respectively with open the curved bar and open the door the actuating lever articulated.
Preferred rabbling mechanism is including the paddle, the stirring curved bar, the stirring actuating lever, the slider, first cylinder and heterotypic frame, the paddle runs through the sieve and is located the annular plate inside, and paddle and sieve rotatable coupling, the stirring curved bar is located the bottom of sieve, and the one end of stirring curved bar and the atress end fixed connection of paddle, heterotypic frame is located one side of support frame, and heterotypic frame and support frame fixed connection, first cylinder and slider all are located heterotypic frame, the output of first cylinder is towards the slider, the working direction of slider is towards paddle atress end, first cylinder and heterotypic frame fixed connection, slider and heterotypic frame sliding connection, the stirring actuating lever is located between slider and the stirring curved bar, and the both ends of stirring actuating lever are articulated with slider and stirring curved bar respectively.
The preferred second rubbish separating mechanism is equipped with the feed inlet including feed bin, screen cloth and bobbing machine, the top of feed bin, and the feed inlet is just to first rubbish separating mechanism's bottom, and the bottom of feed bin is equipped with the discharge gate, and inside the screen cloth was located the feed bin, the bobbing machine was located the both sides of feed bin respectively to bobbing machine all with feed bin fixed connection.
The second garbage separating mechanism comprises a material pushing mechanism, the material pushing mechanism is installed on one side of the storage bin and comprises a material pushing bent plate and a second air cylinder, one end of the screen is hinged to the storage bin, the output end of the material pushing bent plate is located at the hinged position of the screen, the material pushing bent plate is fixedly connected with the screen, the second air cylinder is located on one side of the storage bin, the output end of the second air cylinder is opposite to the stressed end of the material pushing bent plate, and two ends of the second air cylinder are hinged to the storage bin and the material pushing bent plate respectively.
One side of preferred screen cloth is equipped with the lantern ring and loop bar, and the loop bar runs through the lantern ring to loop bar and lantern ring rotatable coupling, lantern ring and screen cloth fixed connection push away material bent plate and lantern ring fixed connection.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that: for the treatment of the construction waste, the construction waste is firstly treated and then can be utilized, so the dregs, waste bricks and tiles, waste concrete, waste wood, waste steel bars, waste metal components and the like generated by earthquake are firstly treated and reused as soon as possible, the temporary storage yard of the construction waste is mainly constructed by using low-lying areas or valleys and the like in cities and suburbs, after the conditions are mature, the construction waste can be recycled or transferred to landfill sites for disposal, the objective conditions for processing and treating the construction waste are very limited due to the special property of the stacking of the construction waste, and as for the crushing of the construction waste, the construction waste is very massive and has no certain rule and is feasible, the common crushing equipment is difficult to meet the requirements, so the equipment is used for carrying out classification treatment on the construction waste with different sizes, and after the classification treatment of large buildings, the small-sized construction waste enters a corresponding crusher after being classified and treated, and finally a part of construction waste which does not need to be crushed is separated out, different construction waste is combined after being treated and then is transported by a transport vehicle, the construction waste is manually put into a feed port of a first waste separation mechanism, the first waste separation mechanism is opened, the first waste separation mechanism starts to work, the first waste separation mechanism carries out primary size separation on the construction waste, the large-sized waste is discharged from a large-sized waste discharge port of the first waste separation mechanism, the large-sized waste enters a working end of a large-sized feeding mechanism after being discharged from the first waste separation mechanism, the large-sized feeding mechanism drives the large-sized waste to move, and finally the large-sized waste is sent to a large-sized waste crusher which crushes the large-sized waste in a targeted manner, small-size rubbish is discharged by first rubbish separating mechanism's small-size rubbish discharge gate, and small-size rubbish falls to second rubbish separating mechanism, has mixed small-size rubbish and a lot of dust in second rubbish separating mechanism's the work end, and second rubbish separating mechanism separates small-size rubbish from the dust and send to small-size feeding mechanism's work end, and small-size feeding mechanism carries small-size rubbish to small-size rubbish rubbing crusher, and second rubbish separating mechanism falls to the collecting vat by second rubbish separating mechanism's discharge end after screening the dust.
1. Through the arrangement of the first garbage separating mechanism, large-sized building garbage and small-sized building garbage can be separated, different garbage can enter different crushers, and the crushers can work efficiently to achieve efficiency maximization;
2. through the setting of second rubbish separating mechanism, can make small-size rubbish and dust separation, make the dust directly collect and need not get into the rubbing crusher once more, practiced thrift the resource.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic perspective view of a construction waste layered crushing device according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic perspective view of a construction waste layered crushing device according to the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic perspective view of a support frame and a charging barrel of the construction waste layered crushing device of the invention;
fig. 4 is a schematic perspective view of a first garbage separating mechanism of the construction garbage layered crushing device according to the present invention;
fig. 5 is a partially enlarged view of a construction waste layering crushing device of the invention at a position A in fig. 4;
FIG. 6 is a schematic perspective view of a stirring mechanism of the construction waste layered crushing device according to the present invention;
fig. 7 is a schematic perspective view of a second garbage separating mechanism of the construction garbage layered crushing device according to the present invention.
The reference numbers in the figures are:
1. a first waste separation mechanism; 1a, a support frame; 1b, a charging barrel; 1b1, annular plate; 1b2, sieve plate; 1b3, crescent moon gate; 1c, a stirring mechanism; 1c1, paddle; 1c2, a stirring curved rod; 1c3, stirring driving rod; 1c4, slider; 1c5, first cylinder; 1c6, special-shaped frames; 1d, a door opening mechanism; 1d1, door opening curved lever; 1d2, a door opening straight rod; 1d3, door opening driving rod; 1d4, servo motor;
2. a second garbage separating mechanism; 2a, a stock bin; 2b, a screen mesh; 2b1, collar; 2c, a material pushing mechanism; 2c1, pushing bent plate; 2c2, second cylinder; 2d, a vibrator;
3. a large-scale feeding mechanism;
4. a small-sized feeding mechanism;
5. a material receiving barrel;
6. a large garbage crusher;
7. a small garbage crusher.
Detailed Description
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention more apparent, the present invention is described in further detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings and embodiments. It should be understood that the specific embodiments described herein are merely illustrative of the invention and are not intended to limit the invention.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that the terms "center", "upper", "lower", "left", "right", "front", "rear", "vertical", "horizontal", "inner", "outer", and the like indicate orientations or positional relationships based on those shown in the drawings, and are only for convenience of description and simplicity of description, but do not indicate or imply that the referred device or element must have a specific orientation, be constructed in a specific orientation, and be operated, and thus, should not be construed as limiting the present invention. Furthermore, the terms "first," "second," and "third" are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance.
Referring to fig. 1 to 7, the construction waste layered crushing device comprises a first waste separation mechanism 1, a second waste separation mechanism 2, a large-scale feeding mechanism 3, a small-scale feeding mechanism 4, a receiving barrel 5, a large-scale waste crusher 6 and a small-scale waste crusher 7;
the feeding end of the large-scale feeding mechanism 3 is positioned at the discharging end of the first garbage separating mechanism 1, the feeding end of the large-scale crusher is positioned at the discharging end of the large-scale feeding mechanism 3, the second garbage separating mechanism 2 is positioned at the bottom of the first garbage separating mechanism 1, the feeding end of the small-scale feeding mechanism 4 is positioned at the discharging end of the second garbage separating mechanism 2, the feeding end of the small-scale garbage crusher is positioned at the discharging end of the small-scale feeding mechanism 4, and the material receiving barrel 5 is positioned at the bottom of the second garbage separating mechanism 2;
for the treatment of the construction waste, the construction waste is firstly treated and then can be utilized, so the dregs, waste bricks and tiles, waste concrete, waste wood, waste steel bars, waste metal components and the like generated by earthquake are firstly treated and reused as soon as possible, the temporary storage yard of the construction waste is mainly constructed by using low-lying areas or valleys and the like in cities and suburbs, after the conditions are mature, the construction waste can be recycled or transferred to landfill sites for disposal, the objective conditions for processing and treating the construction waste are very limited due to the special property of the stacking of the construction waste, and as for the crushing of the construction waste, the construction waste is very massive and has no certain rule and is feasible, the common crushing equipment is difficult to meet the requirements, so the equipment is used for carrying out classification treatment on the construction waste with different sizes, and after the classification treatment of large buildings, the small construction waste enters a corresponding crusher, after classification treatment, the small construction waste enters the corresponding crusher, finally, a part of construction waste which does not need to be crushed is separated, finally, different construction waste is combined after treatment and then is transported by a transport vehicle, the construction waste is manually put into a feed inlet of a first waste separation mechanism 1, the first waste separation mechanism 1 is opened, the first waste separation mechanism 1 starts to work, the first waste separation mechanism 1 preliminarily separates the construction waste in size, the large waste is discharged from a large waste discharge port of the first waste separation mechanism 1, the large waste enters a working end of a large feeding mechanism 3 after being discharged from the first waste separation mechanism 1, the large feeding mechanism 3 drives the large waste to move, finally, the large waste is sent to a large waste crusher 6, and the large waste crusher crushes the large waste in a targeted manner, small-size rubbish is discharged by the small-size rubbish discharge gate of first rubbish separating mechanism 1, small-size rubbish falls to second rubbish separating mechanism 2, have small-size rubbish and a lot of dust in the work end of second rubbish separating mechanism 2, second rubbish separating mechanism 2 separates small-size rubbish from the dust and send to the work end of small-size feeding mechanism 4, small-size feeding mechanism 4 carries small-size rubbish to small-size rubbish rubbing crusher 7, second rubbish separating mechanism 2 falls to the collecting vessel 5 by the discharge end of second rubbish separating mechanism 2 after screening the dust.
The first garbage separation mechanism 1 comprises a support frame 1a, a charging barrel 1b, a stirring mechanism 1c and a door opening mechanism 1d, wherein the charging barrel 1b is positioned at the top of the support frame 1a, the support frame 1a is in semi-circle surrounding with the charging barrel 1b, the support frame 1a is fixedly connected with the charging barrel 1b, the stirring mechanism 1c is positioned at the top of the support frame 1a, the working end of the stirring mechanism 1c is positioned inside the charging barrel 1b, the stirring mechanism 1c is fixedly connected with the support frame 1a, the door opening mechanism 1d is positioned at the top of the support frame 1a, the working end of the door opening mechanism 1d is connected with the charging barrel 1b, and the door opening mechanism 1d is fixedly connected with the support frame 1 a;
the manual work is delivered to the top of feed cylinder 1b with building rubbish, building rubbish falls inside feed cylinder 1b, rabbling mechanism 1c begins work, the work end of rabbling mechanism 1c begins to stir building rubbish, feed cylinder 1b has two discharge ends, one is large-scale rubbish discharge end, one is small-size rubbish discharge end, small-size rubbish is discharged from the small-size rubbish discharge end of feed cylinder 1b after receiving the stirring of rabbling mechanism 1c, small-size rubbish has been discharged after rabbling mechanism 1c work a period of time, mechanism 1d of opening the door opens the large-scale rubbish discharge end of feed cylinder 1b, large-scale rubbish is discharged from the large-scale rubbish discharge end of feed cylinder 1b under the drive of rabbling mechanism 1 c.
The charging barrel 1b comprises an annular plate 1b1, a sieve plate 1b2 and a crescent gate 1b3, wherein the annular plate 1b1 is positioned at the top of the sieve plate 1b2, a hole is formed in the sieve plate 1b2, the annular plate 1b1 is fixedly connected with the sieve plate 1b2, a notch is formed in the annular plate 1b1, the crescent plate is positioned at the notch, a rotating rod is arranged on the crescent plate, and the crescent plate is hinged to the annular plate 1b1 through the rotating rod;
when the construction waste falls into the charging barrel 1b, the construction waste is temporarily stored in the space formed by the annular plate 1b1, the crescent and the sieve plate 1b2, when the stirring mechanism 1c starts to work, the construction waste on the sieve plate 1b2 is stressed and then moves on the sieve plate 1b2, some small construction waste falls out through the hole on the sieve plate 1b2, after the small waste is discharged, the rotating rod is connected with the output end of the door opening mechanism 1d, the crescent is opened through the door opening mechanism 1d, after the crescent is opened, the large waste on the sieve plate 1b2 is driven to move through the stirring mechanism 1c, and due to the circular shape of the annular plate 1b1, the large waste is thrown out at the notch under the action of centrifugal force.
The door opening mechanism 1d comprises a door opening curved bar 1d1, a door opening straight bar 1d2, a door opening driving bar 1d3 and a servo motor 1d4, wherein the door opening curved bar 1d1 is positioned at the top of a rotating bar, one end of the door opening curved bar 1d1 is fixedly connected with the rotating bar, the servo motor 1d4 is arranged on the side wall of the support frame 1a, one end of the door opening driving bar 1d3 is fixedly connected with the output end of the servo motor 1d4, the door opening straight bar 1d2 is positioned between the door opening curved bar 1d1 and the door opening driving bar 1d3, and two ends of the door opening straight bar 1d2 are respectively hinged with the door opening curved bar 1d1 and the door opening driving bar 1d 3;
the servo motor 1d4 begins to rotate, and the drive lever 1d3 that opens the door drives the straight-bar 1d2 that opens the door and keeps away from the curved bar 1d1 that opens the door, and the curved bar 1d1 that opens the door receives the drive of the straight-bar 1d2 to take place to rotate, and the curved bar 1d1 that opens the door rotates and drives the dwang rotation, and the dwang rotation drives the crescent moon board to open.
The stirring mechanism 1c comprises a paddle, a stirring curved rod 1c2, a stirring driving rod 1c3, a sliding block 1c4, a first air cylinder 1c5 and a special-shaped frame 1c6, wherein the paddle 1c1 penetrates through a sieve plate 1b2 and is positioned inside an annular plate 1b1, the paddle 1c1 is rotatably connected with the sieve plate 1b2, the stirring curved rod 1c2 is positioned at the bottom of the sieve plate 1b2, one end of the stirring curved rod 1c2 is fixedly connected with a force bearing end of the paddle 1c2, the special-shaped frame 1c2 is positioned at one side of a supporting frame 1a, the special-shaped frame 1c2 is fixedly connected with the supporting frame 1a, the first air cylinder 1c2 and the sliding block 1c2 are both positioned on the special-shaped frame 1c2, the output end of the first air cylinder 1c2 is positioned towards the sliding block 1c2, the sliding block 1c2 is positioned between the special-shaped frame 2 and the stirring driving rod 2, and both ends of the stirring driving rod 1c3 are respectively hinged with the slide block 1c4 and the stirring curved rod 1c 2;
the first cylinder 1c5 pushes the slide block 1c4 to slide back and forth, the slide block 1c4 drives one end of the stirring driving rod 1c3 to rotate and move far around the circumference direction of the slurry, and the other end of the stirring driving rod 1c3 is fixedly connected with the paddle 1c1, so that the paddle 1c1 is forced to rotate on the sieve plate 1b 2.
The second garbage separation mechanism 2 comprises a bin 2a, a screen 2b and a vibrator 2d, a feed inlet is formed in the top of the bin 2a, the feed inlet is opposite to the bottom of the first garbage separation mechanism 1, a discharge outlet is formed in the bottom of the bin 2a, the screen 2b is located inside the bin 2a, the vibrators 2d are respectively located on two sides of the bin 2a, and the vibrator 2d is fixedly connected with the bin 2 a;
inside falling screen cloth 2b after first rubbish separating mechanism 1 discharges small-size building rubbish, the bobbing machine 2d of feed bin 2a both sides begins to work, and feed bin 2a conducts the vibration for screen cloth 2b, and screen cloth 2b receives the vibration back and lies in the small-size building rubbish of screen cloth 2b and begin to vibrate, because still there is the dust in the small-size building rubbish, the dust receives to vibrate the back and falls out through screen cloth 2b and from the discharge end of feed bin 2a, and the dust of falling out gets into collecting vessel 5.
The second garbage separation mechanism 2 further comprises a pushing mechanism 2c, the pushing mechanism 2c is installed on one side of the bin 2a, the pushing mechanism 2c comprises a pushing curved plate 2c1 and a second air cylinder 2c2, one end of the screen 2b is hinged to the bin 2a, the output end of the pushing curved plate 2c1 is located at the hinged position of the screen 2b, the pushing curved plate 2c1 is fixedly connected with the screen 2b, the second air cylinder 2c2 is located on one side of the bin 2a, the output end of the second air cylinder 2c2 is opposite to the stressed end of the pushing curved plate 2c1, and two ends of the second air cylinder 2c2 are hinged to the bin 2a and the pushing curved plate 2c1 respectively;
the output end of the second cylinder 2c2 pulls the pushing curved plate 2c1, the pushing curved plate 2c1 drives the screen 2b to rotate along the hinged position of the screen 2b, and the screen 2b rotates and buckles the small construction waste in the screen 2b to the feed end of the small feeding mechanism 4.
A lantern ring 2b1 and a sleeve rod are arranged on one side of the screen 2b, the sleeve rod penetrates through the lantern ring 2b1 and is rotatably connected with the lantern ring 2b1, the lantern ring 2b1 is fixedly connected with the screen 2b, and the pushing curved plate 2c1 is fixedly connected with the lantern ring 2b 1.
The lantern ring 2b1 is driven to rotate, the lantern ring 2b1 rotates to drive the screen 2b, and the screen 2b overturns and buckles the small construction waste to the feeding end of the small feeding mechanism 4.
The working principle of the invention is as follows: for the treatment of the construction waste, the construction waste is firstly treated and then can be utilized, so the dregs, waste bricks and tiles, waste concrete, waste wood, waste steel bars, waste metal components and the like generated by earthquake are firstly treated and reused as soon as possible, the temporary storage yard of the construction waste is mainly constructed by using low-lying areas or valleys and the like in cities and suburbs, after the conditions are mature, the construction waste can be recycled or transferred to landfill sites for disposal, the objective conditions for processing and treating the construction waste are very limited due to the special property of the stacking of the construction waste, and as for the crushing of the construction waste, the construction waste is very massive and has no certain rule and is feasible, the common crushing equipment is difficult to meet the requirements, so the equipment is used for carrying out classification treatment on the construction waste with different sizes, and after the classification treatment of large buildings, the small construction wastes enter the corresponding crusher, after being classified and processed, the small construction wastes enter the corresponding crusher, a part of the construction wastes which do not need to be crushed are separated, different construction wastes are merged after being processed and then are transported by a transport vehicle, the construction wastes are manually transported to the top of the charging barrel 1b, the construction wastes fall into the charging barrel 1b, the stirring mechanism 1c starts to work, the working end of the stirring mechanism 1c starts to stir the construction wastes, the first air cylinder 1c5 pushes the sliding block 1c4 to slide back and forth, the sliding block 1c4 drives one end of the stirring driving rod 1c3 to rotate and move far around the circumference direction of slurry, as the other end of the stirring driving rod 1c3 is fixedly connected with the paddle 1c1, the paddle 1c1 is forced to rotate on the sieve plate 1b2, the charging barrel 1b has two discharging ends, one is a large waste discharging end and the other is a small waste discharging end, when the stirring mechanism 1c starts to work, the construction waste on the sieve plate 1b2 moves on the sieve plate 1b2 after being stressed, some small construction waste falls out through the holes on the sieve plate 1b2, after the small waste is discharged, the rotating rod is connected with the output end of the door opening mechanism 1d, the crescent moon plate is opened through the door opening mechanism 1d, after the crescent moon plate is opened, the large waste on the sieve plate 1b2 is driven to move through the stirring mechanism 1c, the large waste is thrown out at the notch under the action of centrifugal force due to the circular shape of the annular plate 1b1, the large waste enters the working end of the large feeding mechanism 3 after being discharged from the first waste separating mechanism 1, the large feeding mechanism 3 drives the large waste to move, and finally the large waste is sent to the large waste crusher 6, the large waste crusher crushes the large waste in a targeted manner, and the small waste is discharged from the small waste discharge port of the first waste separating mechanism 1, the small garbage falls into the second garbage separating mechanism 2, when the first garbage separating mechanism 1 discharges the small construction garbage and then falls into the screen 2b, the vibrating machines 2d on the two sides of the bin 2a start to work, the bin 2a transmits the vibration to the screen 2b, the small construction garbage in the screen 2b starts to vibrate after the screen 2b is vibrated, because the small-sized building rubbish is internally provided with dust, the dust passes through the screen 2b after being vibrated and falls out from the discharge end of the storage bin 2a, the falling dust enters the material receiving barrel 5, the pushing mechanism 2c starts to work, the output end of the second cylinder 2c2 pulls the pushing curved plate 2c1, the pushing curved plate 2c1 drives the screen 2b to rotate along the hinged position of the screen 2b, the screen 2b rotates and buckles the small-sized building rubbish in the screen 2b to the feed end of the small-sized feeding mechanism 4, and the small-sized rubbish is conveyed to the small-sized rubbish crusher 7 by the small-sized feeding mechanism 4.

Claims (1)

1. A construction waste layered crushing device is characterized by comprising a first waste separating mechanism (1), a second waste separating mechanism (2), a large-scale feeding mechanism (3), a small-scale feeding mechanism (4), a receiving barrel (5), a large-scale waste crusher (6) and a small-scale waste crusher (7);
the feeding end of the large-scale feeding mechanism (3) is positioned at the discharging end of the first garbage separating mechanism (1), the feeding end of the large-scale crusher is positioned at the discharging end of the large-scale feeding mechanism (3), the second garbage separating mechanism (2) is positioned at the bottom of the first garbage separating mechanism (1), the feeding end of the small-scale feeding mechanism (4) is positioned at the discharging end of the second garbage separating mechanism (2), the feeding end of the small-scale garbage crusher is positioned at the discharging end of the small-scale feeding mechanism (4), and the material receiving barrel (5) is positioned at the bottom of the second garbage separating mechanism (2);
the first garbage separation mechanism (1) comprises a support frame (1 a), a charging barrel (1 b), a stirring mechanism (1 c) and a door opening mechanism (1 d), wherein the charging barrel (1 b) is located at the top of the support frame (1 a), the support frame (1 a) is in semi-circle winding on the charging barrel (1 b), the support frame (1 a) is fixedly connected with the charging barrel (1 b), the stirring mechanism (1 c) is located at the top of the support frame (1 a), the working end of the stirring mechanism (1 c) is located inside the charging barrel (1 b), the stirring mechanism (1 c) is fixedly connected with the support frame (1 a), the door opening mechanism (1 d) is located at the top of the support frame (1 a), the working end of the door opening mechanism (1 d) is connected with the charging barrel (1 b), and the door opening mechanism (1 d) is fixedly connected with the support frame (1 a);
the second garbage separation mechanism (2) comprises a storage bin (2 a), a screen (2 b) and a vibrating machine (2 d), a feeding hole is formed in the top of the storage bin (2 a), the feeding hole is opposite to the bottom of the first garbage separation mechanism (1), a discharging hole is formed in the bottom of the storage bin (2 a), the screen (2 b) is located inside the storage bin (2 a), the vibrating machine (2 d) is located on two sides of the storage bin (2 a) respectively, and the vibrating machine (2 d) is fixedly connected with the storage bin (2 a);
the charging barrel (1 b) comprises an annular plate (1 b 1), a sieve plate (1 b 2) and a crescent moon door (1 b 3), the annular plate (1 b 1) is located at the top of the sieve plate (1 b 2), holes are formed in the sieve plate (1 b 2), the annular plate (1 b 1) is fixedly connected with the sieve plate (1 b 2), a notch is formed in the annular plate (1 b 1), the crescent moon plate is located at the notch, a rotating rod is arranged on the crescent moon plate, and the crescent moon plate is hinged to the annular plate (1 b 1) through the rotating rod;
the door opening mechanism (1 d) comprises a door opening curved bar (1 d 1), a door opening straight bar (1 d 2), a door opening driving bar (1 d 3) and a servo motor (1 d 4), wherein the door opening curved bar (1 d 1) is positioned at the top of a rotating bar, one end of the door opening curved bar (1 d 1) is fixedly connected with the rotating bar, the servo motor (1 d 4) is installed on the side wall of a support frame (1 a), one end of the door opening driving bar (1 d 3) is fixedly connected with the output end of the servo motor (1 d 4), the door opening straight bar (1 d 2) is positioned between the door opening curved bar (1 d 1) and the door opening driving bar (1 d 3), and two ends of the door opening straight bar (1 d 2) are respectively hinged with the door opening curved bar (1 d 1) and the door opening driving bar (1 d 3);
the stirring mechanism (1 c) comprises a paddle (1 c 1), a stirring curved rod (1 c 2), a stirring driving rod (1 c 3), a sliding block (1 c 4), a first air cylinder (1 c 5) and a special-shaped frame (1 c 6), wherein the paddle (1 c 1) penetrates through the sieve plate (1 b 2) and is positioned inside the annular plate (1 b 1), the paddle (1 c 1) is rotatably connected with the sieve plate (1 b 2), the stirring curved rod (1 c 2) is positioned at the bottom of the sieve plate (1 b 2), one end of the stirring curved rod (1 c 2) is fixedly connected with the stressed end of the paddle (1 c 1), the special-shaped frame (1 c 6) is positioned on one side of the supporting frame (1 a), the special-shaped frame (1 c 6) is fixedly connected with the supporting frame (1 a), the first air cylinder (1 c 5) and the sliding block (1 c 4) are both positioned on the special-shaped frame (1 c 6), the sliding block (1 c 632) faces to the working direction of the sliding block (8653), the first air cylinder (1 c 5) is fixedly connected with the special-shaped frame (1 c 6), the sliding block (1 c 4) is in sliding connection with the special-shaped frame (1 c 6), the stirring driving rod (1 c 3) is located between the sliding block (1 c 4) and the stirring curved rod (1 c 2), and two ends of the stirring driving rod (1 c 3) are hinged with the sliding block (1 c 4) and the stirring curved rod (1 c 2) respectively;
the second garbage separation mechanism (2) further comprises a pushing mechanism (2 c), the pushing mechanism (2 c) is installed on one side of the storage bin (2 a), the pushing mechanism (2 c) comprises a pushing curved plate (2 c 1) and a second air cylinder (2 c 2), one end of the screen (2 b) is hinged to the storage bin (2 a), the output end of the pushing curved plate (2 c 1) is located at the hinged position of the screen (2 b), the pushing curved plate (2 c 1) is fixedly connected with the screen (2 b), the second air cylinder (2 c 2) is located on one side of the storage bin (2 a), the output end of the second air cylinder (2 c 2) is over against the stressed end of the pushing curved plate (2 c 1), and two ends of the second air cylinder (2 c 2) are hinged to the storage bin (2 a) and the pushing curved plate (2 c 1) respectively;
a lantern ring (2 b 1) and a loop bar are arranged on one side of the screen (2 b), the loop bar penetrates through the lantern ring (2 b 1), the loop bar is rotatably connected with the lantern ring (2 b 1), the lantern ring (2 b 1) is fixedly connected with the screen (2 b), and the pushing curved plate (2 c 1) is fixedly connected with the lantern ring (2 b 1); the output end of the second cylinder (2 c 2) pulls the pushing curved plate (2 c 1), the pushing curved plate (2 c 1) drives the screen (2 b) to rotate along the hinged position of the screen (2 b), and the screen (2 b) rotates and buckles the small construction waste in the screen (2 b) to the feed end of the small feeding mechanism (4).
CN201911195532.4A 2019-11-28 2019-11-28 Construction waste layering breaker Active CN110813510B (en)

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CN111605918B (en) * 2020-06-03 2022-04-05 安徽中科自动化股份有限公司 Plastic garbage can for intelligent garbage classification and using method

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CN208662094U (en) * 2018-07-14 2019-03-29 四川瀚科建设有限公司 A kind of building waste processing equipment
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CN205593833U (en) * 2016-05-11 2016-09-21 四川农业大学 Pedotheque collection device
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