CN110801918A - Energy-concerving and environment-protective kitchen garbage processing apparatus - Google Patents

Energy-concerving and environment-protective kitchen garbage processing apparatus Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110801918A
CN110801918A CN201911349791.8A CN201911349791A CN110801918A CN 110801918 A CN110801918 A CN 110801918A CN 201911349791 A CN201911349791 A CN 201911349791A CN 110801918 A CN110801918 A CN 110801918A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
rotating shaft
shell
oil
fixed
energy
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201911349791.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王志伟
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Jingdao Hangzhou Technology Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Jingdao Hangzhou Technology Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Jingdao Hangzhou Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Jingdao Hangzhou Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN201911349791.8A priority Critical patent/CN110801918A/en
Publication of CN110801918A publication Critical patent/CN110801918A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/0084Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments specially adapted for disintegrating garbage, waste or sewage
    • B02C18/0092Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments specially adapted for disintegrating garbage, waste or sewage for waste water or for garbage
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/14Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within horizontal containers
    • B02C18/142Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within horizontal containers with two or more inter-engaging rotatable cutter assemblies
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/16Details
    • B02C18/18Knives; Mountings thereof
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE
    • B09B3/00Destroying solid waste or transforming solid waste into something useful or harmless
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE
    • B09B5/00Operations not covered by a single other subclass or by a single other group in this subclass
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C2201/00Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials
    • B02C2201/06Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials for garbage, waste or sewage

Abstract

The invention discloses an energy-saving and environment-friendly kitchen waste treatment device, which comprises a shell, wherein an open-source single chip microcomputer and an internet of things device are respectively arranged on the side surface of the shell, a first bearing and a second bearing are respectively arranged on the side surface of the shell, a first rotating shaft is arranged in the first bearing, a second rotating shaft is arranged in the second bearing, the energy-saving and environment-friendly kitchen waste treatment device controls a first stepping motor to work through the open-source single chip microcomputer, an output shaft of the first stepping motor drives the first rotating shaft to rotate through a first coupler, the first rotating shaft drives a second gear to rotate, the second gear is in meshing transmission with the first gear, so that a first cutter on the first rotating shaft and a second cutter on the second rotating shaft perform relative motion, the kitchen waste is crushed, and the pipeline blockage of the larger kitchen waste is avoided, providing convenience for subsequent processing work.

Description

Energy-concerving and environment-protective kitchen garbage processing apparatus
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of kitchen waste treatment equipment, in particular to an energy-saving and environment-friendly kitchen waste treatment device.
Background
In the prior art: application publication number is CN 104923550A's patent discloses a kitchen garbage processing apparatus, includes: air heat source pump, heat and use liquid as heat-conducting medium to liquid, the heating jacket, interior casing and shell body have, the inner chamber that the inner casing formed is used for holding kitchen garbage, form the exocoel between interior casing and the shell body, be provided with the liquid channel that circles the outer wall of interior casing and spiral in the exocoel, the heating jacket is equipped with the first temperature sensor who stretches into the inner chamber, the liquid line, connect air heat source pump and heating jacket, heat recovery unit guides the hot air of inner chamber to heat exchanger, controlling means, be connected with air heat source pump and first temperature sensor with the temperature according to first temperature sensor conveying and to the opening and closing of the temperature control air heat source pump that controlling means set up, it does not smash kitchen garbage, some great rubbish block up the pipeline easily.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to overcome the defects in the prior art, and provides an energy-saving and environment-friendly kitchen waste treatment device which has a crushing function, is convenient to treat and can effectively solve the problems in the background art.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme: an energy-saving and environment-friendly kitchen waste treatment device comprises a shell, wherein an open-source single chip microcomputer and an internet of things device are respectively installed on the side surface of the shell;
a first bearing and a second bearing are respectively arranged on the side surface of the shell;
a first rotating shaft is arranged in the first bearing;
a second rotating shaft is arranged in the second bearing;
the first rotating shaft and the second rotating shaft are driven by a driving mechanism;
a first cutter is arranged on the first rotating shaft;
a second cutter is arranged on the second rotating shaft;
a connecting frame is fixed on the side surface of the shell;
a first stepping motor is mounted at the end part of the connecting frame;
an output shaft of the first stepping motor is connected with the first rotating shaft through a first coupler;
a filter screen is arranged in the shell;
the filter screen is obliquely arranged;
the shell is provided with an electromagnetic valve corresponding to the lower end part of the filter screen;
a cleaning device is arranged on the inner side of the shell corresponding to the filter screen;
the bottom of the shell is communicated with an oil-water separator;
one side of the oil-water separator is communicated with an oil outlet pipe;
the other side of the oil-water separator is communicated with a drain pipe;
a guide mechanism is arranged on the side surface of the shell;
the guide mechanism is connected with a driving device through a connecting rod;
a fixing frame is fixed on the side surface of the driving device;
a pressing plate is fixed at the bottom of the fixing frame;
an oil water tank is arranged on the shell corresponding to the position of the pressing plate;
the oil water tank is communicated with the inside of the oil-water separator through a conveying pipe;
a water pump is arranged at the joint of the conveying pipe and the oil water tank, and the water pump is positioned inside the oil water tank;
the oil water tank is movably connected with a net bag through a sliding mechanism;
the top of the shell is provided with an adjusting mechanism;
a support frame is fixed at the top of the adjusting mechanism;
the supporting frame is connected with the net bag through the turnover mechanism;
the input end of the open-source singlechip is electrically connected with the output end of an external power supply;
the output end of the open-source single chip microcomputer is electrically connected with the water pump, the electromagnetic valve, the oil-water separator and the input end of the first stepping motor respectively.
As a preferred technical scheme of the invention, the internet of things device comprises a wireless transceiver, the wireless transceiver is installed on the side surface of the housing, a signal amplifier is installed on the side surface of the wireless transceiver, the output end of the open-source single chip microcomputer is electrically connected with the input end of the signal amplifier, and the output end of the signal amplifier is electrically connected with the input end of the wireless transceiver.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the transmission mechanism includes a first gear and a second gear, the second gear is mounted on an end portion of the first rotating shaft, the first gear is mounted on an end portion of the second rotating shaft, and the first gear is engaged with the second gear.
As a preferred technical scheme of the invention, the cleaning device comprises a first guide rail, the first guide rail is fixed on the inner side of the shell and is arranged in parallel with the filter screen, a first linear motor is movably connected to the first guide rail, a row brush is installed on the side surface of the first linear motor, the brush hair of the row brush is in contact with the filter screen, and the output end of the source single chip is electrically connected with the input end of the first linear motor.
As a preferable technical scheme of the invention, the guide mechanism comprises a connecting lug, the connecting lug is fixed on the side surface of the shell, a first sliding rail is fixed at the bottom of the connecting lug, a sliding block is movably connected onto the first sliding rail, and the sliding block is connected with the driving device through a connecting rod.
As a preferred technical scheme of the present invention, the driving device includes a second stepping motor, the second stepping motor is installed on a side surface of the housing, an output shaft of the second stepping motor is connected to a lead screw through a second coupling, a transmission nut is connected to the lead screw through a thread, the transmission nut is connected to a slider through a connecting rod, the fixing frame is fixed on a side surface of the transmission nut, and an output end of the open-source single chip microcomputer is electrically connected to an input end of the second stepping motor.
As a preferable technical scheme of the invention, the sliding mechanism comprises a sliding groove and a second sliding rail, the second sliding rail is fixed on the inner side of the oil water tank, the sliding groove is arranged on the side surface of the net bag, and the second sliding rail is in sliding connection with the sliding groove.
As a preferred technical scheme of the present invention, the adjusting mechanism includes a second guide rail fixed to the top of the housing, the second guide rail is movably connected to a second linear motor, the support frame is fixed to the top of the second linear motor, and an output end of the open-source single chip microcomputer is electrically connected to an input end of the second linear motor.
As a preferred technical scheme of the invention, the turnover mechanism comprises a servo motor, the servo motor is arranged at the top of the support frame, an output shaft of the servo motor is connected with the net bag through a connecting rod, and an output end of the open-source single chip microcomputer is electrically connected with an input end of the servo motor.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that: this energy-concerving and environment-protective kitchen garbage processing apparatus, 1, through the work of the first step motor of open source single chip microcomputer control, the output shaft of first step motor drives first rotation axis through first shaft coupling and rotates, first rotation axis drives second gear revolve, second gear and first gear meshing transmission, thereby make and be located first rotation axis on first cutter and the second rotation axis on the second cutter carry out relative motion, thereby smash kitchen garbage, great kitchen garbage blocks the pipeline, it makes things convenient for its subsequent processing work to provide.
2. The kitchen waste after smashing carries out solid-liquid separation through the filter screen, and the profit after the separation gets into oil water separator in, open source single chip microcomputer control oil water separator separates the profit, and the oil of separating is discharged through the oil pipe, can regard as livestock fodder to utilize, and the water of separating passes through the drain pipe and discharges, can carry out agricultural irrigation or cleaning work, and its green has practiced thrift the energy, and has improved the utilization ratio of resource.
3. Through the first linear electric motor of open source single chip microcomputer control removal on first guide rail, solid-state material on the brush to the filter screen is cleared up in the drive of first linear electric motor, and open source single chip microcomputer control solenoid valve is opened, and solid-state material is by clean to the string bag in, guarantees through cleaning work that the filter screen can normally work, has guaranteed the rationality of design.
4. Through open source single chip microcomputer control second step motor work, the output shaft of second step motor passes through the second shaft coupling and drives the lead screw rotation, lead screw and transmission nut transmission, transmission nut drives the slider and slides from top to bottom on first slide rail through the connecting rod, transmission nut drives the clamp plate through the mount and carries out elevating movement, thereby extrude the material in the string bag, make kitchen garbage further carry out solid-liquid separation, the kitchen garbage after the separation can regard as livestock fodder to use, through open source single chip microcomputer control water pump work, the water pump extracts the profit in the oil water groove and carries to carry out oil-water separation work in the oil-water separator, the utilization ratio of resource has been improved greatly.
5. Through the linear motion of open source single chip microcomputer control second linear electric motor on the second guide rail to drive the second slide rail and slide in the spout, thereby make string bag and oil water tank separate, through open source single chip microcomputer control servo motor work, servo motor passes through the connecting rod and drives the string bag upset, thereby collect the kitchen garbage in the string bag, its level of mechanization is high, labour saving and time saving, the work for relevant personnel provides convenience.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic side view of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view of the structure of the present invention.
In the figure: 1 shell, 2 oil-water separator, 3 oil outlet pipe, 4 first gear, 5 second gear, 6 first bearing, 7 first rotating shaft, 8 second rotating shaft, 9 second bearing, 10 open source single chip microcomputer, 11 wireless transceiver, 12 signal amplifier, 13 transmission mechanism, 14 things-linked device, 15 first cutter, 16 lead screw, 17 second step motor, 18 second coupler, 19 transmission nut, 20 connecting ear, 21 first slide rail, 22 slide block, 23 connecting rod, 24 fixing frame, 25 pressing plate, 26 connecting rod, 27 servo motor, 28 support frame, 29 second linear motor, 30 second guide rail, 31 net bag, 32 slide groove, 33 second slide rail, 34 electromagnetic valve, 35 first coupler, 36 connecting frame, water outlet pipe, 38 first step motor, 39 driving device, 40 guiding mechanism, 41 turnover mechanism, 42 regulating mechanism, 43 filter screen, 44 row brush, 45 first linear motor, 45 turnover mechanism, 6 second coupler, 19 transmission nut, 20 connecting ear, 21 first slide rail, 22 slide block, 23 connecting rod, 24 fixing frame, 25 pressing plate, 26 connecting rod, 27 servo motor, 46 a first guide rail, 47 a cleaning device, 48 a second cutter, 49 a sliding mechanism.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1-3, the present invention provides a technical solution: an energy-saving and environment-friendly kitchen waste treatment device comprises a shell (1), wherein an open-source single chip microcomputer (10) and an internet of things device (14) are respectively installed on the side surface of the shell (1);
a first bearing (6) and a second bearing (9) are respectively arranged on the side surface of the shell (1);
a first rotating shaft (7) is arranged in the first bearing (6);
a second rotating shaft (8) is arranged in the second bearing (9);
the first rotating shaft (7) and the second rotating shaft (8) are driven by a driving mechanism (13);
a first cutter (15) is arranged on the first rotating shaft (7);
a second cutter (48) is arranged on the second rotating shaft (8);
a connecting frame (36) is fixed on the side surface of the shell (1);
a first stepping motor (38) is arranged at the end part of the connecting frame (36);
an output shaft of the first stepping motor (38) is connected with the first rotating shaft (7) through a first coupling (35);
a filter screen (43) is arranged in the shell (1);
the filter screen (43) is obliquely arranged;
the shell (1) is provided with an electromagnetic valve (34) corresponding to the lower end part of the filter screen (43);
a cleaning device (47) is arranged on the inner side of the shell (1) corresponding to the position of the filter screen (43);
the bottom of the shell (1) is communicated with an oil-water separator (2);
one side of the oil-water separator (2) is communicated with an oil outlet pipe (3);
the other side of the oil-water separator (2) is communicated with a drain pipe (37);
a guide mechanism (40) is arranged on the side surface of the shell (1);
the guide mechanism (40) is connected with a driving device (39) through a connecting rod (23);
a fixed frame (24) is fixed on the side surface of the driving device (39);
a pressure plate (25) is fixed at the bottom of the fixed frame (24);
an oil water tank is arranged on the shell (1) corresponding to the position of the pressing plate (25);
the oil water tank is communicated with the inside of the oil-water separator (2) through a conveying pipe;
a water pump is arranged at the joint of the conveying pipe and the oil water tank, and the water pump is positioned inside the oil water tank;
the oil water tank is movably connected with a net bag (31) through a sliding mechanism (49);
the top of the shell (1) is provided with an adjusting mechanism (42);
a support frame (28) is fixed at the top of the adjusting mechanism (42);
the supporting frame (28) is connected with the net bag (31) through the turnover mechanism (41);
the input end of the open-source singlechip (10) is electrically connected with the output end of an external power supply;
the output end of the open-source single chip microcomputer (10) is respectively and electrically connected with the water pump, the electromagnetic valve (34), the oil-water separator (2) and the input end of the first stepping motor (38).
The kitchen waste after smashing carries out solid-liquid separation through filter screen (43), the profit after the separation gets into in oil water separator (2), open source singlechip (10) control oil water separator (2) separate the profit, the oil of separation is discharged through play oil pipe (3), can utilize as livestock feed, the water of separation passes through drain pipe (37) and discharges, can carry out agricultural irrigation or cleaning work, its green has practiced thrift the energy, and the utilization ratio of resource has been improved.
Thing allies oneself with device (14) and includes wireless transceiver (11), the side in casing (1) is installed in wireless transceiver (11), and the side-mounting of wireless transceiver (11) has signal amplifier (12), the input of signal amplifier (12) is connected to the output electricity of open source singlechip (10), the input of wireless transceiver (11) is connected to the output electricity of signal amplifier (12), the information that open source singlechip (10) were handled passes through signal amplifier (12) and amplifies, the signal of enlargiing passes through wireless transceiver (11) and transmits the remote control end, its intelligent degree is high, and control is convenient.
The transmission mechanism (13) comprises a first gear (4) and a second gear (5), the second gear (5) is installed at the end part of the first rotating shaft (7), the first gear (4) is installed at the end part of the second rotating shaft (8), the first gear (4) is meshed with the second gear (5), the first stepping motor (38) is controlled to work through the open-source single chip microcomputer (10), the output shaft of the first stepping motor (38) drives the first rotating shaft (7) to rotate through the first coupling (35), the first rotating shaft (7) drives the second gear (5) to rotate, the second gear (5) is meshed with the first gear (4) for transmission, so that the first cutter (15) on the first rotating shaft (7) and the second cutter (48) on the second rotating shaft (8) move relatively, kitchen waste is crushed, and the pipeline blockage of the large kitchen waste is avoided, providing convenience for subsequent processing work.
The cleaning device (47) comprises a first guide rail (46), the first guide rail (46) is fixed on the inner side of the shell (1) and is arranged in parallel with the filter screen (43), a first linear motor (45) is movably connected to the first guide rail (46), a row brush (44) is installed on the side face of the first linear motor (45), bristles of the row brush (44) are in contact with the filter screen (43), the output end of the source single chip microcomputer (10) is electrically connected with the input end of the first linear motor (45), the first linear motor (45) is controlled to move on the first guide rail (46) through the power-on single chip microcomputer (10), the first linear motor (45) drives the row brush (44) to clean solid substances on the filter screen (43), the power-on single chip microcomputer (10) controls the electromagnetic valve (34) to be opened, the solid substances are cleaned into the filter screen pocket (31), and the filter screen (43) can normally work through cleaning work, the rationality of the design is guaranteed.
Guiding mechanism (40) are including engaging lug (20), and engaging lug (20) are fixed in the side of casing (1), and the bottom of engaging lug (20) is fixed with first slide rail (21), and swing joint has slider (22) on first slide rail (21), and slider (22) are connected with drive arrangement (39) through connecting rod (23).
The driving device (39) comprises a second stepping motor (17), the second stepping motor (17) is installed on the side face of the shell (1), an output shaft of the second stepping motor (17) is connected with a screw rod (16) through a second coupler (18), the screw rod (16) is in threaded connection with a transmission nut (19), the transmission nut (19) is connected with a sliding block (22) through a connecting rod (23), a fixing frame (24) is fixed on the side face of the transmission nut (19), the output end of the power-on single chip microcomputer (10) is electrically connected with the input end of the second stepping motor (17), the second stepping motor (17) is controlled to work through the power-on single chip microcomputer (10), the output shaft of the second stepping motor (17) drives the screw rod (16) to rotate through the second coupler (18), the screw rod (16) is in transmission with the transmission nut (19), the transmission nut (19) drives the sliding block (22) to slide up and down on the first sliding rail (21) through the, drive nut (19) drive clamp plate (25) through mount (24) and carry out elevating movement to extrude the material in string bag (31), make kitchen garbage further carry out solid-liquid separation, the kitchen garbage after the separation can regard as livestock fodder to use, through open source singlechip (10) control water pump work, the water pump extraction oil water tank in the profit carry out oil-water separation work in oil water separator (2), improved the utilization ratio of resource greatly.
The sliding mechanism (49) comprises a sliding groove (32) and a second sliding rail (33), the second sliding rail (33) is fixed on the inner side of the oil water tank, the sliding groove (32) is arranged on the side face of the net bag (31), and the second sliding rail (33) is connected with the sliding groove (32) in a sliding mode.
The adjusting mechanism (42) comprises a second guide rail (30), the second guide rail (30) is fixed to the top of the shell (1), a second linear motor (29) is movably connected to the second guide rail (30), the supporting frame (28) is fixed to the top of the second linear motor (29), and the output end of the open-source single chip microcomputer (10) is electrically connected with the input end of the second linear motor (29).
The turnover mechanism (41) comprises a servo motor (27), the servo motor (27) is arranged at the top of the support frame (28), an output shaft of the servo motor (27) is connected with the net bag (31) through a connecting rod (26), an output end of the open-source singlechip (10) is electrically connected with an input end of the servo motor (27), the second linear motor (29) is controlled by the open-source singlechip (10) to do linear motion on the second guide rail (30), thereby driving the second slide rail (33) to slide in the chute (32) and separating the net bag (31) from the oil water tank, the servo motor (27) is controlled to work by the open-source singlechip (10), the servo motor (27) drives the net bag (31) to turn over through the connecting rod (26), thereby collect the kitchen garbage in string bag (31), its degree of mechanization is high, and labour saving and time saving provides convenience for relevant personnel's work.
The open-source single chip microcomputer (10) controls a first stepping motor (38), an oil-water separator (2), a first linear motor (45), a second stepping motor (17), a second linear motor (29), a servo motor (27), a water pump, an electromagnetic valve (34), a wireless transceiver (11) and a signal amplifier (12) which are all commonly used methods in the prior art.
When in use: the first stepping motor (38) is controlled to work through the open-source single chip microcomputer (10), an output shaft of the first stepping motor (38) drives the first rotating shaft (7) to rotate through the first coupler (35), the first rotating shaft (7) drives the second gear (5) to rotate, and the second gear (5) is in meshing transmission with the first gear (4), so that the second cutters (48) located on the first rotating shaft (7) and the second rotating shaft (8) move relatively, and kitchen waste is crushed.
The smashed kitchen waste is subjected to solid-liquid separation through a filter screen (43), separated oil and water enter an oil-water separator (2), an open-source single chip microcomputer (10) controls the oil-water separator (2) to separate the oil and the water, the separated oil is discharged through an oil outlet pipe (3) and can be used as livestock feed, and the separated water is discharged through a drain pipe (37) and can be used for agricultural irrigation or cleaning work.
The first linear motor (45) is controlled to move on the first guide rail (46) through the open-source single chip microcomputer (10), the first linear motor (45) drives the row brush (44) to clean solid substances on the filter screen (43), the open-source single chip microcomputer (10) controls the electromagnetic valve (34) to be opened, the solid substances are cleaned into the net bag (31), and the filter screen (43) can be guaranteed to normally work through cleaning work.
The open-source single chip microcomputer (10) is used for controlling the second stepping motor (17) to work, the output shaft of the second stepping motor (17) drives the screw rod (16) to rotate through the second coupler (18), the screw rod (16) is in transmission with the transmission nut (19), the transmission nut (19) drives the sliding block (22) to slide up and down on the first sliding rail (21) through the connecting rod (23), the transmission nut (19) drives the pressing plate (25) to move up and down through the fixing frame (24), so that substances in the net bag (31) are extruded, solid-liquid separation of the kitchen waste is further carried out, the separated kitchen waste can be used as livestock feed, the open-source single chip microcomputer (10) is used for controlling the water pump to work, and the water pump pumps oil water in the oil water tank and conveys the oil water to the oil-water separator (2) to carry out oil-water separation work.
Through open source singlechip (10) control second linear electric motor (29) be linear motion on second guide rail (30), thereby drive second slide rail (33) and slide in spout (32), thereby make string bag (31) separate with the oil water tank, through open source singlechip (10) control servo motor (27) work, servo motor (27) drive string bag (31) upset through connecting rod (26), thereby collect the kitchen garbage in string bag (31).
According to the kitchen waste crushing device, the first stepping motor (38) is controlled to work through the open-source single chip microcomputer (10), the output shaft of the first stepping motor (38) drives the first rotating shaft (7) to rotate through the first coupler (35), the first rotating shaft (7) drives the second gear (5) to rotate, and the second gear (5) is in meshing transmission with the first gear (4), so that the first cutter (15) on the first rotating shaft (7) and the second cutter (48) on the second rotating shaft (8) move relatively, kitchen waste is crushed, a pipeline is prevented from being blocked by large kitchen waste, and convenience is provided for subsequent processing work.
The kitchen waste after smashing carries out solid-liquid separation through filter screen (43), the profit after the separation gets into in oil water separator (2), open source singlechip (10) control oil water separator (2) separate the profit, the oil of separation is discharged through play oil pipe (3), can utilize as livestock feed, the water of separation passes through drain pipe (37) and discharges, can carry out agricultural irrigation or cleaning work, its green has practiced thrift the energy, and the utilization ratio of resource has been improved.
Move on first guide rail (46) through first linear electric motor (45) of open source singlechip (10) control, solid-state material on first linear electric motor (45) drive row brush (44) to filter screen (43) is cleared up, open source singlechip (10) control solenoid valve (34) are opened, and solid-state material is by in clean string bag (31), guarantees through cleaning work that filter screen (43) can carry out normal work, has guaranteed the rationality of design.
The open-source single chip microcomputer (10) is used for controlling the second stepping motor (17) to work, the output shaft of the second stepping motor (17) drives the screw rod (16) to rotate through the second coupler (18), the screw rod (16) is in transmission with the transmission nut (19), the transmission nut (19) drives the sliding block (22) to slide up and down on the first sliding rail (21) through the connecting rod (23), the transmission nut (19) drives the pressing plate (25) to move up and down through the fixing frame (24), so that substances in the net bag (31) are extruded, solid-liquid separation of the kitchen waste is further carried out, the separated kitchen waste can be used as livestock feed, the water pump is controlled to work through the open-source single chip microcomputer (10), the water pump extracts oil water in the oil water tank and conveys the oil water to the oil-water separator (2) to carry out oil-water separation work, and the utilization rate of resources is greatly improved.
Through open source singlechip (10) control second linear electric motor (29) be linear motion on second guide rail (30), thereby drive second slide rail (33) and slide in spout (32), thereby make string bag (31) separate with the oil water tank, through open source singlechip (10) control servo motor (27) work, servo motor (27) drive string bag (31) upset through connecting rod (26), thereby kitchen garbage to in string bag (31) is collected, its degree of mechanization is high, time saving and labor saving, work for relevant personnel provides convenience.
Although embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made in these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the invention, the scope of which is defined in the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (9)

1. The utility model provides an energy-concerving and environment-protective kitchen garbage processing apparatus, includes casing (1), its characterized in that: the side surface of the shell (1) is respectively provided with an open-source single chip microcomputer (10) and an internet of things device (14);
a first bearing (6) and a second bearing (9) are respectively arranged on the side surface of the shell (1);
a first rotating shaft (7) is arranged in the first bearing (6);
a second rotating shaft (8) is arranged in the second bearing (9);
the first rotating shaft (7) and the second rotating shaft (8) are driven by a driving mechanism (13);
a first cutter (15) is arranged on the first rotating shaft (7);
a second cutter (48) is arranged on the second rotating shaft (8);
a connecting frame (36) is fixed on the side surface of the shell (1);
a first stepping motor (38) is mounted at the end part of the connecting frame (36);
the output shaft of the first stepping motor (38) is connected with the first rotating shaft (7) through a first coupler (35);
a filter screen (43) is arranged in the shell (1);
the filter screen (43) is obliquely arranged;
the shell (1) is provided with an electromagnetic valve (34) corresponding to the lower end part of the filter screen (43);
a cleaning device (47) is arranged on the inner side of the shell (1) corresponding to the position of the filter screen (43);
the bottom of the shell (1) is communicated with an oil-water separator (2);
one side of the oil-water separator (2) is communicated with an oil outlet pipe (3);
the other side of the oil-water separator (2) is communicated with a drain pipe (37);
a guide mechanism (40) is arranged on the side surface of the shell (1);
the guide mechanism (40) is connected with a driving device (39) through a connecting rod (23);
a fixed frame (24) is fixed on the side surface of the driving device (39);
a pressing plate (25) is fixed at the bottom of the fixing frame (24);
an oil water tank is arranged on the shell (1) corresponding to the position of the pressing plate (25);
the oil water tank is communicated with the inside of the oil-water separator (2) through a conveying pipe;
a water pump is arranged at the joint of the conveying pipe and the oil water tank, and the water pump is positioned inside the oil water tank;
the oil water tank is movably connected with a net bag (31) through a sliding mechanism (49);
the top of the shell (1) is provided with an adjusting mechanism (42);
a support frame (28) is fixed at the top of the adjusting mechanism (42);
the supporting frame (28) is connected with the net bag (31) through a turnover mechanism (41);
the input end of the open-source single chip microcomputer (10) is electrically connected with the output end of an external power supply;
the output end of the open-source single chip microcomputer (10) is electrically connected with the water pump, the electromagnetic valve (34), the oil-water separator (2) and the input end of the first stepping motor (38) respectively.
2. The energy-saving and environment-friendly kitchen waste treatment device according to claim 1, characterized in that: the thing allies oneself with device (14) and includes wireless transceiver (11), and wireless transceiver (11) are installed in the side of casing (1), and the side-mounting of wireless transceiver (11) has signal amplifier (12), the input of signal amplifier (12) is connected to the output electricity of open source singlechip (10), and the input of wireless transceiver (11) is connected to the output electricity of signal amplifier (12).
3. The energy-saving and environment-friendly kitchen waste treatment device according to claim 1, characterized in that: the transmission mechanism (13) comprises a first gear (4) and a second gear (5), the second gear (5) is installed at the end part of the first rotating shaft (7), the first gear (4) is installed at the end part of the second rotating shaft (8), and the first gear (4) is meshed with the second gear (5).
4. The energy-saving and environment-friendly kitchen waste treatment device according to claim 1, characterized in that: cleaning device (47) include first guide rail (46), and first guide rail (46) are fixed at the inboard of casing (1) and with filter screen (43) parallel arrangement, swing joint has first linear electric motor (45) on first guide rail (46), and the side-mounting of first linear electric motor (45) has row brush (44), and the brush hair and the filter screen (43) contact of row brush (44), the input of first linear electric motor (45) is connected to the output electricity of source singlechip (10).
5. The energy-saving and environment-friendly kitchen waste treatment device according to claim 1, characterized in that: guiding mechanism (40) are including engaging lug (20), and the side at casing (1) is fixed in engaging lug (20), the bottom of engaging lug (20) is fixed with first slide rail (21), swing joint has slider (22) on first slide rail (21), slider (22) are connected with drive arrangement (39) through connecting rod (23).
6. The energy-saving and environment-friendly kitchen waste treatment device according to claim 1, characterized in that: drive arrangement (39) include second step motor (17), and the side at casing (1) is installed in second step motor (17), the output shaft of second step motor (17) is connected with lead screw (16) through second shaft coupling (18), and threaded connection has drive nut (19) on lead screw (16), drive nut (19) are connected with slider (22) through connecting rod (23), and the side at drive nut (19) is fixed in mount (24), the input of second step motor (17) is connected to the output electricity of open source singlechip (10).
7. The energy-saving and environment-friendly kitchen waste treatment device according to claim 1, characterized in that: the sliding mechanism (49) comprises a sliding groove (32) and a second sliding rail (33), the second sliding rail (33) is fixed on the inner side of the oil water tank, the sliding groove (32) is arranged on the side face of the net bag (31), and the second sliding rail (33) is in sliding connection with the sliding groove (32).
8. The energy-saving and environment-friendly kitchen waste treatment device according to claim 1, characterized in that: adjustment mechanism (42) include second guide rail (30), and second guide rail (30) are fixed at the top of casing (1), swing joint has second linear electric motor (29) on second guide rail (30), and support frame (28) are fixed at the top of second linear electric motor (29), the input of second linear electric motor (29) is connected to the output electricity of open source singlechip (10).
9. The energy-saving and environment-friendly kitchen waste treatment device according to claim 1, characterized in that: tilting mechanism (41) include servo motor (27), and servo motor (27) are installed at the top of support frame (28), the output shaft of servo motor (27) passes through connecting rod (26) and is connected with string bag (31), the input of servo motor (27) is connected to the output electricity of open source singlechip (10).
CN201911349791.8A 2019-12-24 2019-12-24 Energy-concerving and environment-protective kitchen garbage processing apparatus Pending CN110801918A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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CN201911349791.8A CN110801918A (en) 2019-12-24 2019-12-24 Energy-concerving and environment-protective kitchen garbage processing apparatus

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN111842420A (en) * 2020-07-11 2020-10-30 广东中达软件开发有限公司 Solid-phase fermentation equipment for acidic degradation of penetrating fluid mixed with kitchen waste
CN112123834A (en) * 2020-09-11 2020-12-25 郭峰 Kitchen waste smashing device with dewatering function
CN112221675A (en) * 2020-06-29 2021-01-15 辽宁鑫知界科技有限公司 Kitchen waste recycling equipment
CN112317052A (en) * 2020-11-27 2021-02-05 深圳茂元环保科技有限公司 Humification fermentation process for organic garbage treatment
CN113522930A (en) * 2021-07-08 2021-10-22 浙江永尔佳环保科技有限公司 High-efficient shredding equipment of kitchen garbage

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Application publication date: 20200218