CN110800867A - Equipment and method for preparing insect feed by utilizing kitchen waste - Google Patents

Equipment and method for preparing insect feed by utilizing kitchen waste Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110800867A
CN110800867A CN201910998149.6A CN201910998149A CN110800867A CN 110800867 A CN110800867 A CN 110800867A CN 201910998149 A CN201910998149 A CN 201910998149A CN 110800867 A CN110800867 A CN 110800867A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fixedly connected
motor
face
crushing
box body
Prior art date
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Pending
Application number
CN201910998149.6A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘冬敏
王建辉
李林
王少卿
杨蕾
李文
王严
宁静恒
易晶枝
胡志强
王满生
熊寿遥
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Changsha University of Science and Technology
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Changsha University of Science and Technology
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Application filed by Changsha University of Science and Technology filed Critical Changsha University of Science and Technology
Priority to CN201910998149.6A priority Critical patent/CN110800867A/en
Publication of CN110800867A publication Critical patent/CN110800867A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N17/00Apparatus specially adapted for preparing animal feeding-stuffs
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K10/00Animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K10/20Animal feeding-stuffs from material of animal origin
    • A23K10/26Animal feeding-stuffs from material of animal origin from waste material, e.g. feathers, bones or skin
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K10/00Animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K10/30Animal feeding-stuffs from material of plant origin, e.g. roots, seeds or hay; from material of fungal origin, e.g. mushrooms
    • A23K10/37Animal feeding-stuffs from material of plant origin, e.g. roots, seeds or hay; from material of fungal origin, e.g. mushrooms from waste material
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K50/00Feeding-stuffs specially adapted for particular animals
    • A23K50/90Feeding-stuffs specially adapted for particular animals for insects, e.g. bees or silkworms
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N17/00Apparatus specially adapted for preparing animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23N17/005Apparatus specially adapted for preparing animal feeding-stuffs for shaping by moulding, extrusion, pressing, e.g. pellet-mills
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N17/00Apparatus specially adapted for preparing animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23N17/007Apparatus specially adapted for preparing animal feeding-stuffs for mixing feeding-stuff components
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/80Food processing, e.g. use of renewable energies or variable speed drives in handling, conveying or stacking
    • Y02P60/87Re-use of by-products of food processing for fodder production

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of insect feed, in particular to equipment for preparing insect feed by utilizing kitchen waste and a method thereof, which comprises a box body, wherein the left side of the top end surface of the box body is provided with a feed inlet, the left end of the inner side of the top end surface of the box body is fixedly connected with a screening and crushing device, the right end surface of the screening and crushing device is fixedly provided with a baffle plate, a feeding and drying device is arranged under the screening and crushing device, a collecting box is arranged under the feeding and drying device and is connected with the box body in a sliding way, the left end surfaces of the collecting box and the screening and crushing device are both fixedly connected with a handle, the right end surface of the collecting box is fixedly connected with a forming device, and the rear side of the top end surface of the forming device is fixedly connected with a cutting device, the feed can be stored and mixed simultaneously, so that the investment of other equipment is effectively saved, and the production cost is reduced.

Description

Equipment and method for preparing insect feed by utilizing kitchen waste
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of insect feed, in particular to equipment and a method for preparing insect feed by utilizing kitchen waste.
Background
Kitchen waste is a general term for leftover food, dining table waste and kitchen leftover. The main components of the feed are rice, flour, starch, bone, meat, oil, skin, thorn, scale and the like, wherein the feed is rich in vitamins, starch, protein, grease, edible fiber, fatty acid, sugar, salt and other nutrient substances and calcium, sodium, magnesium, potassium, iron and other mineral substances, and the random abandonment of restaurant garbage wastes not only wastes resources but also pollutes the environment, so that the restaurant garbage wastes need to be recycled, and the demand on equipment and the method for preparing the insect feed by utilizing the restaurant garbage is increasing day by day.
Most kitchen garbage preparation insect fodder's that exists on the existing market equipment design is comparatively simple, and degree of automation is lower, needs the manpower to assist in the use, not only extravagant manpower, makes personnel infect bacterium virus etc. easily moreover, and the result of use of some kitchen garbage preparation insect fodder's equipment has the defect, and not only the dry material of mixing is not comprehensive thorough enough, and the procedure is more moreover, does not utilize etc. consequently, provides an equipment and its method of utilizing kitchen garbage preparation insect fodder to above-mentioned problem.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide equipment for preparing insect feed by utilizing kitchen waste, so as to solve the problems in the background technology.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme:
the utility model provides an utilize kitchen garbage preparation insect fodder's equipment, includes the box, the feed inlet has been seted up on box top face left side, the inboard left end fixedly connected with screening reducing mechanism of top face of box, screening reducing mechanism's right-hand member face is fixed with the baffle, be equipped with pay-off drying device under the screening reducing mechanism, be equipped with the collecting box under the pay-off drying device, and collecting box and box sliding connection, the equal fixedly connected with handle of collecting box and screening reducing mechanism's left end face, the right-hand member face fixedly connected with forming device of collecting box, forming device's top face rear side fixedly connected with cutting device, pay-off drying device's right side is equipped with the inlet pipe, and inlet pipe and box screwed connection.
Preferably, screening reducing mechanism includes first electric putter and cross, the inboard first electric putter of fixedly connected with of top face of box, the terminal fixedly connected with cross of first electric putter's main shaft, the bottom face front side fixedly connected with crushing motor of cross, the equal fixedly connected with stirring rod in bottom face left side, bottom face right side and the bottom face rear side of cross, the below of crushing motor is equipped with crushing board, the bottom sliding connection of crushing board has the grid board, the solid fixed ring of outside fixedly connected with of grid board, gu fixed ring's outside sliding connection slide rail, gu fixed ring's left side fixedly connected with rubber backing plate, and the left end face and the handle fixed connection of rubber backing plate.
Preferably, the stirring rod comprises the barred body of rubber material, the terminal fixedly connected with limiting plate of main shaft of crushing motor, the bottom face fixedly connected with loop bar of limiting plate, the sleeve has been cup jointed in the bottom outside of loop bar, compression spring has been cup jointed in the outside of loop bar, telescopic bottom and crushing board fixed connection, and the bottom of crushing board personally submits circular-arc setting.
Preferably, the feeding and drying device comprises a conveyor belt and a drying cylinder, the rear end face of the conveyor belt is fixedly connected with the box body, the right side of the conveyor belt is provided with the drying cylinder, the drying cylinder is arranged in a fine mesh shape, and both sides of the drying cylinder are fixedly connected with a fixing frame, the outer side of the fixing frame is rotatably connected with a fixing ring, the top ends of the fixing rings on the left side and the right side are respectively hinged with a fixing rod and a second electric push rod, the fixed rod and the second electric push rod are respectively and fixedly connected with the box body, the inner side of the top end surface of the box body is fixedly connected with a fan, an electric heating wire is arranged right below the fan, the electric heating wire is positioned right above the drying cylinder, the right end face of the fixed rod is fixedly connected with a turnover motor, the tail end of a main shaft of the turnover motor is fixedly connected with a turnover gear, the outer side of the turnover gear is meshed with a toothed ring, and the toothed ring is fixedly connected with the drying cylinder.
Preferably, the right side setting of conveyer belt is inboard at the drying cylinder, and the area face of conveyer belt is netted setting, the conveyer belt is the slope of 15 degrees angles and sets up, the right-hand member face fixedly connected with water pump of baffle, the input intercommunication of water pump has the inlet tube, the output intercommunication of water pump has the outlet pipe, and the other end intercommunication of outlet pipe has the shower nozzle, and the shower nozzle is located the conveyer belt directly over.
Preferably, the forming device comprises a material receiving box, a forming motor is fixedly connected to the inner side of the bottom end face of the box body, a spiral blade is fixedly connected to the tail end of a main shaft of the forming motor and is rotatably connected with the material receiving box, and a discharge barrel is communicated with the right side of the material receiving box.
Preferably, the cutting device comprises a first motor, a first eccentric wheel is fixedly connected to the tail end of a main shaft of the first motor, a first sliding frame is fixedly connected to the outer side of the first eccentric wheel, the first sliding frame is fixedly connected with the box body, and a linear cutting knife plate is fixedly connected to the bottom end face of the first sliding frame.
Preferably, the cutting device comprises a second motor, a second eccentric wheel is fixedly connected to the tail end of a main shaft of the second motor, a second sliding frame is fixedly connected to the outer side of the second eccentric wheel, the second sliding frame is fixedly connected with the box body, and a grid cutting knife plate is fixedly connected to the bottom end face of the second sliding frame.
A method for preparing insect feed by utilizing kitchen waste comprises the following operation steps:
1) screening and crushing raw materials: put into the box with dining room food waste through the feed inlet inside, then smash motor switch on, it rotates to smash the motor drive cross, then drive stirring rod and crushing plate rotate, the realization is smashed food and is screened through the grid board, rubber material stirring rod and telescopic setting, can play certain cushioning effect, the damage of other rubbish to equipment has been reduced, after using the certain time, can break off crushing motor's power, then first electric putter switch on shrink, drive the cross, stirring rod and crushing plate rise, then take solid fixed ring out, it takes out to drive the grid board, so that clear up other rubbish, the setting of rubber backing plate, can guarantee better airtight effect.
2) Feeding and drying materials: the rubbish after the aforesaid is handled falls into on the conveyer belt, then conveyer belt and water pump switch on power supply work simultaneously, the conveyer belt constantly conveys kitchen rubbish upwards to the right, then the water pump passes through the inlet tube with external water source, outlet pipe and shower nozzle spray on dining room rubbish, then take away the profit and flow into to the collection incasement, then the conveyer belt will take off the dining room rubbish of profit and convey to the drying cylinder in, then the fan, the heating wire, upset motor switch on power supply work simultaneously, realize carrying out drying process to the dining room rubbish in the drying cylinder, simultaneously can pass through the inlet pipe, add other fodder in the drying cylinder, realize abundant stirring, the inlet pipe is twisted out to last spiral, then second electric putter extension, the realization is placed the drying cylinder slope, pour the material into inside the forming device.
3) And forming raw materials: when the raw materials are poured into the material receiving box of the forming device, the forming motor is switched on to work, the spiral blades are driven to rotate, the raw materials are extruded into the material discharging barrel, and the effect of pressing blocks is achieved.
4) Forming the feed: the first motor or the second motor is connected with a power supply to drive the first eccentric wheel or the second eccentric wheel to rotate, then the first sliding frame or the second sliding frame is driven to move up and down, and the linear cutting knife board or the grid cutting knife board is driven to move up and down to cut and form the raw materials.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. according to the invention, through the arranged screening and crushing device, the raw materials can be automatically screened, so that not only is the manpower reduced, but also the better sanitation degree is ensured, and the harm to workers is effectively prevented;
2. according to the invention, the kitchen waste can be deoiled through the conveyor belt, the water pump and the collecting box, so that oil and water can be conveniently collected and cleaned, the quality of the kitchen waste is ensured, and the quality of feed is ensured;
3. according to the invention, the fan, the heating wire, the drying cylinder and the feeding pipe are arranged, so that the feed can be comprehensively dried to ensure the storage of the feed, and the materials can be mixed at the same time, so that the investment of other equipment is effectively saved, and the production cost is reduced;
4. according to the invention, the forming device and the cutting device are arranged, so that the feed can be compressed and cut, and the size of the feed cut can be selected according to actual needs so as to meet different requirements.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view of FIG. 1 in accordance with the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the installation structure of the screening and pulverizing apparatus of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the structure of FIG. 3 at A according to the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of the installation structure of the drying tub according to the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of the water pump mounting structure of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a schematic view of the mounting structure of the molding apparatus of the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a schematic view of a mounting structure of a linear cutting blade according to the present invention;
fig. 9 is a schematic view of a mounting structure of the grid cutting blade of the present invention.
In the figure: 1-box body, 2-screening and crushing device, 201-first electric push rod, 202-cross, 203-crushing motor, 204-stirring rod, 205-crushing plate, 206-grating plate, 207-fixing ring, 208-sliding rail, 209-rubber pad, 210-limiting plate, 211-loop bar, 212-sleeve, 213-compression spring, 3-baffle, 4-feeding and drying device, 401-conveying belt, 402-drying cylinder, 403-water pump, 404-water inlet pipe, 405-water outlet pipe, 406-spray head, 407-fixing frame, 408-fixing ring, 409-fixing rod, 410-second electric push rod, 411-fan, 412-electric heating wire, 413-overturning motor, 414-overturning gear, 415-toothed ring, 5-collecting box, 6-handle, 7-forming device, 701-collecting box, 702-forming motor, 703-helical blade, 704-discharging barrel, 8-cutting device, 801-first motor, 802-first eccentric wheel, 803-first sliding frame, 804-linear cutting knife plate, 805-second motor, 806-second eccentric wheel, 807-second sliding frame, 808-grid cutting knife plate and 9-feeding pipe.
Detailed Description
Example 1: referring to fig. 1-8, the present invention provides a technical solution:
an apparatus for preparing insect feed by utilizing kitchen waste comprises a box body 1, wherein a feed inlet is formed in the left side of the top end face of the box body 1, so that materials can conveniently enter, a screening and crushing device 2 is fixedly connected to the left end of the inner side of the top end face of the box body 1, a baffle 3 is fixed to the right end face of the screening and crushing device 2, so that better shielding and fixing effects can be achieved, a feeding and drying device 4 is arranged under the screening and crushing device 2, a collecting box 5 is arranged under the feeding and drying device 4, the collecting box 5 is in sliding connection with the box body 1 and is convenient for discharging oil and water, handles 6 are fixedly connected to the left end faces of the collecting box 5 and the screening and crushing device 2, a forming device 7 is fixedly connected to the right end face of the collecting box 5, a cutting device 8 is fixedly connected to the rear side of the top end face of the forming, the feeding pipe 9 is spirally connected with the box body 1, the depth of the feeding pipe 9 penetrating into the drying cylinder 402 can be adjusted, the screening and crushing device 2 comprises a first electric push rod 201 and a cross 202, the inner side of the top end surface of the box body 1 is fixedly connected with the first electric push rod 201, the tail end of a main shaft of the first electric push rod 201 is fixedly connected with the cross 202, the front side of the bottom end surface of the cross 202 is fixedly connected with a crushing motor 203, the left side, the right side and the rear side of the bottom end surface of the cross 202 are fixedly connected with stirring rods 204, a crushing plate 205 is arranged below the crushing motor 203, the bottom end of the crushing plate 205 is slidably connected with a grid plate 206, the outer side of the grid plate 206 is fixedly connected with a fixing ring 207, the outer side of the fixing ring 207 is slidably connected with a sliding rail 208, the left side of the fixing ring 207 is fixedly connected with a rubber cushion plate 209, and the left, through the arranged screening and crushing device 2, raw materials can be automatically screened, so that the manpower is reduced, a better sanitary degree is guaranteed, and harm to workers is effectively prevented, the stirring rod 204 is composed of a rod body made of rubber, the tail end of a main shaft of the crushing motor 203 is fixedly connected with the limiting plate 210, the bottom end face of the limiting plate 210 is fixedly connected with the loop bar 211, the sleeve 212 is sleeved outside the bottom end of the loop bar 211, the compression spring 213 is sleeved outside the loop bar 211, the bottom end of the sleeve 212 is fixedly connected with the crushing plate 205, the bottom end of the crushing plate 205 is in an arc shape, the arrangement can play a better dynamic buffering effect when aiming at other garbage, the feeding and drying device 4 comprises a conveyor belt 401 and a drying cylinder 402, the rear end face of the conveyor belt 401 is fixedly connected with the box body 1, the right side of the conveyor belt 401 is provided with the drying cylinder 402, the drying cylinder 402 is arranged in a fine mesh shape, both sides of the drying cylinder 402 are fixedly connected with a fixing frame 407, the outer side of the fixing frame 407 is rotatably connected with a fixing ring 408, the top ends of the fixing ring 408 at the left side and the right side are respectively hinged with a fixing rod 409 and a second electric push rod 410, the fixing rod 409 and the second electric push rod 410 are respectively fixedly connected with the box body 1, the inner side of the top end face of the box body 1 is fixedly connected with a fan 411, a heating wire 412 is arranged under the fan 411, the heating wire 412 is positioned over the drying cylinder 402, the right end face of the fixing rod 409 is fixedly connected with a turnover motor 413, the tail end of a main shaft of the turnover motor 413 is fixedly connected with a turnover gear 414, the outer side of the turnover gear 414 is engaged with a toothed ring 415, the toothed ring 415 is fixedly connected with the drying cylinder 402, and the complete drying of the feed can be, the right side of the conveyor belt 401 is arranged on the inner side of the drying cylinder 402, the belt surface of the conveyor belt 401 is arranged in a net shape, the conveyor belt 401 is arranged in a 15-degree inclined manner, the right end surface of the baffle plate 3 is fixedly connected with a water pump 403, the input end of the water pump 403 is communicated with a water inlet pipe 404, the output end of the water pump 403 is communicated with a water outlet pipe 405, the other end of the water outlet pipe 405 is communicated with a spray head 406, the spray head 406 is positioned right above the conveyor belt 401, oil removal operation on kitchen waste can be realized through the conveyor belt 401, the water pump 403 and the collection box 5, collection and cleaning of oil and water are facilitated, the quality of the kitchen waste is guaranteed, the quality of the feed is guaranteed, the forming device 7 comprises a material receiving box 701, the inboard fixedly connected with forming motor 702 of box 1 bottom end face, the terminal fixedly connected with helical blade 703 of main shaft of forming motor 702, and helical blade 703 rotates with receiving hopper 701 and is connected, the right side intercommunication of receiving hopper 701 has a storage bucket 704, the compression blocking of the fodder of being convenient for, cutting device 8 includes first motor 801, the first eccentric wheel 802 of the terminal fixedly connected with of main shaft of first motor 801, the first carriage 803 of the outside fixedly connected with of first eccentric wheel 802, first carriage 803 and box 1 fixed connection, the bottom end face fixedly connected with word cutting knife board 804 of first carriage 803 can carry out the stripping and slicing to the fodder automatically and handle, reduces manual operation, has guaranteed production efficiency.
The models of the first electric push rod 201 and the second electric push rod 410 are both dragon flying XTL100-N, the models of the crushing motor 203, the overturning motor 413, the forming motor 702 and the first motor 801 are both zhengk ZGB37RG, the water pump 403 is Yulen RGB15-15, the fan 411 is SCSAYUU SY-FYSJ01, and the heating wire 412 is a steel flower HRE heating wire.
The method for preparing the large-particle feed comprises the following steps: food waste in a restaurant is placed into the box body 1 through the feed inlet, the grinding motor 203 is powered on, the grinding motor 203 drives the cross 202 to rotate, the stirring rod 204 and the grinding plate 205 are driven to rotate, food is ground and screened through the grating plate 206, the rubber stirring rod 204 and the sleeve 212 are arranged to play a certain buffering role, damage of other waste to equipment is reduced, after the food waste is used for a certain time, the power of the grinding motor 203 can be cut off, the first electric push rod 201 is powered on and contracted to drive the cross 202, the stirring rod 204 and the grinding plate 205 to ascend, then the fixing ring 207 is drawn out to drive the grating plate 206 to be drawn out so as to clean the other waste, the rubber cushion plate 209 is arranged to ensure a good sealing effect, the waste after the treatment falls onto the conveyor belt 401, and the conveyor belt 401 and the water pump 403 are powered on to work simultaneously, the kitchen waste is continuously conveyed to the upper right by the conveyor belt 401, then an external water source is sprayed on the restaurant waste by the water pump 403 through the water inlet pipe 404, the water outlet pipe 405 and the spray head 406, then oil and water are taken away to flow into the collection box 5, then the restaurant waste with the oil and water removed is conveyed into the drying cylinder 402 by the conveyor belt 401, then the fan 411, the heating wire 412 and the turnover motor 413 are simultaneously powered on to dry the restaurant waste in the drying cylinder 402, meanwhile, other feeds can be added into the drying cylinder 402 through the feed pipe 9 to achieve sufficient stirring, finally, the feed pipe 9 is screwed out in a spiral manner, then the second electric push rod 410 is extended to obliquely place the drying cylinder 402, the materials are poured into the forming device, when the raw materials are poured into the material receiving box 701 of the forming device, the forming motor 702 is powered on to drive the spiral blade 703 to rotate, extrude the raw materials inside ejection of compact bucket 704, realize pressing the effect of blocking, first motor 801 switch on drives first eccentric wheel 802 and rotates, thereby drives first carriage 803 and drives a word cutting board 804, realizes the cutting shaping to the raw materials.
Example 2: referring to fig. 1, fig. 2, fig. 3, fig. 4, fig. 5, fig. 6, fig. 7, and fig. 9, the present invention provides a technical solution:
an apparatus for preparing insect feed by utilizing kitchen waste comprises a box body 1, wherein a feed inlet is formed in the left side of the top end face of the box body 1, so that materials can conveniently enter, a screening and crushing device 2 is fixedly connected to the left end of the inner side of the top end face of the box body 1, a baffle 3 is fixed to the right end face of the screening and crushing device 2, so that better shielding and fixing effects can be achieved, a feeding and drying device 4 is arranged under the screening and crushing device 2, a collecting box 5 is arranged under the feeding and drying device 4, the collecting box 5 is in sliding connection with the box body 1 and is convenient for discharging oil and water, handles 6 are fixedly connected to the left end faces of the collecting box 5 and the screening and crushing device 2, a forming device 7 is fixedly connected to the right end face of the collecting box 5, a cutting device 8 is fixedly connected to the rear side of the top end face of the forming, the feeding pipe 9 is spirally connected with the box body 1, the depth of the feeding pipe 9 penetrating into the drying cylinder 402 can be adjusted, the screening and crushing device 2 comprises a first electric push rod 201 and a cross 202, the inner side of the top end surface of the box body 1 is fixedly connected with the first electric push rod 201, the tail end of a main shaft of the first electric push rod 201 is fixedly connected with the cross 202, the front side of the bottom end surface of the cross 202 is fixedly connected with a crushing motor 203, the left side, the right side and the rear side of the bottom end surface of the cross 202 are fixedly connected with stirring rods 204, a crushing plate 205 is arranged below the crushing motor 203, the bottom end of the crushing plate 205 is slidably connected with a grid plate 206, the outer side of the grid plate 206 is fixedly connected with a fixing ring 207, the outer side of the fixing ring 207 is slidably connected with a sliding rail 208, the left side of the fixing ring 207 is fixedly connected with a rubber cushion plate 209, and the left, through the arranged screening and crushing device 2, raw materials can be automatically screened, so that the manpower is reduced, a better sanitary degree is guaranteed, and harm to workers is effectively prevented, the stirring rod 204 is composed of a rod body made of rubber, the tail end of a main shaft of the crushing motor 203 is fixedly connected with the limiting plate 210, the bottom end face of the limiting plate 210 is fixedly connected with the loop bar 211, the sleeve 212 is sleeved outside the bottom end of the loop bar 211, the compression spring 213 is sleeved outside the loop bar 211, the bottom end of the sleeve 212 is fixedly connected with the crushing plate 205, the bottom end of the crushing plate 205 is in an arc shape, the arrangement can play a better dynamic buffering effect when aiming at other garbage, the feeding and drying device 4 comprises a conveyor belt 401 and a drying cylinder 402, the rear end face of the conveyor belt 401 is fixedly connected with the box body 1, the right side of the conveyor belt 401 is provided with the drying cylinder 402, the drying cylinder 402 is arranged in a fine mesh shape, both sides of the drying cylinder 402 are fixedly connected with a fixing frame 407, the outer side of the fixing frame 407 is rotatably connected with a fixing ring 408, the top ends of the fixing ring 408 at the left side and the right side are respectively hinged with a fixing rod 409 and a second electric push rod 410, the fixing rod 409 and the second electric push rod 410 are respectively fixedly connected with the box body 1, the inner side of the top end face of the box body 1 is fixedly connected with a fan 411, a heating wire 412 is arranged under the fan 411, the heating wire 412 is positioned over the drying cylinder 402, the right end face of the fixing rod 409 is fixedly connected with a turnover motor 413, the tail end of a main shaft of the turnover motor 413 is fixedly connected with a turnover gear 414, the outer side of the turnover gear 414 is engaged with a toothed ring 415, the toothed ring 415 is fixedly connected with the drying cylinder 402, and the complete drying of the feed can be, the right side of the conveyor belt 401 is arranged on the inner side of the drying cylinder 402, the belt surface of the conveyor belt 401 is arranged in a net shape, the conveyor belt 401 is arranged in a 15-degree inclined manner, the right end surface of the baffle plate 3 is fixedly connected with a water pump 403, the input end of the water pump 403 is communicated with a water inlet pipe 404, the output end of the water pump 403 is communicated with a water outlet pipe 405, the other end of the water outlet pipe 405 is communicated with a spray head 406, the spray head 406 is positioned right above the conveyor belt 401, oil removal operation on kitchen waste can be realized through the conveyor belt 401, the water pump 403 and the collection box 5, collection and cleaning of oil and water are facilitated, the quality of the kitchen waste is guaranteed, the quality of the feed is guaranteed, the forming device 7 comprises a material receiving box 701, the inboard fixedly connected with shaping motor 702 of box 1 bottom face, the terminal fixedly connected with helical blade 703 of main shaft of shaping motor 702, and helical blade 703 rotates with receiving hopper 701 and is connected, the right side intercommunication of receiving hopper 701 has a storage bucket 704, the compression blocking of the fodder of being convenient for, cutting device 8 includes second motor 805, the terminal fixedly connected with second eccentric wheel 806 of main shaft of second motor 805, the outside fixedly connected with second carriage 807 of second eccentric wheel 806, second carriage 807 and box 1 fixed connection, the bottom face fixedly connected with grid cutting knife board 808 of second carriage 807 can carry out the stripping and slicing to the fodder automatically and handle, reduces manual operation, has guaranteed production efficiency.
The models of the first electric push rod 201 and the second electric push rod 410 are both dragon flying XTL100-N, the models of the crushing motor 203, the overturning motor 413, the forming motor 702 and the second motor 805 are both zhengk ZGB37RG, the water pump 403 is Yulen RGB15-15, the fan 411 is SCSAYUU SY-FYSJ01, and the heating wire 412 is a steel flower HRE heating wire.
The method for preparing the small particles comprises the following steps: food waste in a restaurant is placed into the box body 1 through the feed inlet, the grinding motor 203 is powered on, the grinding motor 203 drives the cross 202 to rotate, the stirring rod 204 and the grinding plate 205 are driven to rotate, food is ground and screened through the grating plate 206, the rubber stirring rod 204 and the sleeve 212 are arranged to play a certain buffering role, damage of other waste to equipment is reduced, after the food waste is used for a certain time, the power of the grinding motor 203 can be cut off, the first electric push rod 201 is powered on and contracted to drive the cross 202, the stirring rod 204 and the grinding plate 205 to ascend, then the fixing ring 207 is drawn out to drive the grating plate 206 to be drawn out so as to clean the other waste, the rubber cushion plate 209 is arranged to ensure a good sealing effect, the waste after the treatment falls onto the conveyor belt 401, and the conveyor belt 401 and the water pump 403 are powered on to work simultaneously, the kitchen waste is continuously conveyed to the upper right by the conveyor belt 401, then an external water source is sprayed on the restaurant waste by the water pump 403 through the water inlet pipe 404, the water outlet pipe 405 and the spray head 406, then oil and water are taken away to flow into the collection box 5, then the restaurant waste with the oil and water removed is conveyed into the drying cylinder 402 by the conveyor belt 401, then the fan 411, the heating wire 412 and the turnover motor 413 are simultaneously powered on to dry the restaurant waste in the drying cylinder 402, meanwhile, other feeds can be added into the drying cylinder 402 through the feed pipe 9 to achieve sufficient stirring, finally, the feed pipe 9 is screwed out in a spiral manner, then the second electric push rod 410 is extended to obliquely place the drying cylinder 402, the materials are poured into the forming device, when the raw materials are poured into the material receiving box 701 of the forming device, the forming motor 702 is powered on to drive the spiral blade 703 to rotate, extrude the raw materials inside ejection of compact bucket 704, realize pressing the effect of blocking, second motor 805 switch on drives second eccentric wheel 806 and rotates, then drives second carriage 807 and reciprocates to drive grid cutting knife board 808 and reciprocate, realize the cutting shaping to the raw materials.
The principles and embodiments of the present invention are explained herein using specific examples, which are presented only to assist in understanding the method and its core concepts of the present invention. The foregoing is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, and it should be noted that there are objectively infinite specific structures due to the limited character expressions, and it will be apparent to those skilled in the art that a plurality of modifications, decorations or changes may be made without departing from the principle of the present invention, and the technical features described above may be combined in a suitable manner; such modifications, variations, combinations, or adaptations of the invention using its spirit and scope, as defined by the claims, may be directed to other uses and embodiments.

Claims (9)

1. The utility model provides an utilize equipment of kitchen garbage preparation insect fodder, includes box (1), its characterized in that: a feed inlet is arranged on the left side of the top end face of the box body (1), a screening and crushing device (2) is fixedly connected with the left end of the inner side of the top end face of the box body (1), a baffle (3) is fixed on the right end face of the screening and crushing device (2), a feeding and drying device (4) is arranged under the screening and crushing device (2), a collecting box (5) is arranged under the feeding and drying device (4), the collecting box (5) is connected with the box body (1) in a sliding way, the left end surfaces of the collecting box (5) and the screening and crushing device (2) are fixedly connected with a handle (6), the right end face of the collecting box (5) is fixedly connected with a forming device (7), a cutting device (8) is fixedly connected with the rear side of the top end surface of the forming device (7), the right side of the feeding and drying device (4) is provided with a feeding pipe (9), and the feeding pipe (9) is in spiral connection with the box body (1).
2. The device for preparing the insect feed by utilizing the kitchen waste as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the screening and crushing device (2) comprises a first electric push rod (201) and a cross (202), the first electric push rod (201) is fixedly connected to the inner side of the top end face of the box body (1), the cross (202) is fixedly connected to the tail end of a main shaft of the first electric push rod (201), a crushing motor (203) is fixedly connected to the front side of the bottom end face of the cross (202), stirring rods (204) are fixedly connected to the left side of the bottom end face, the right side of the bottom end face and the rear side of the bottom end face of the cross (202), a crushing plate (205) is arranged below the crushing motor (203), a grating plate (206) is slidably connected to the bottom end of the crushing plate (205), a fixing ring (207) is fixedly connected to the outer side of the grating plate (206), a sliding rail (208) is slidably connected to the outer side of the fixing ring (207), and a rubber base plate (209) is, and the left end surface of the rubber backing plate (209) is fixedly connected with the handle (6).
3. The device for preparing the insect feed by utilizing the kitchen waste as claimed in claim 2, wherein: stirring rod (204) comprise the barred body of rubber material, the terminal fixedly connected with limiting plate (210) of main shaft of crushing motor (203), bottom face fixedly connected with loop bar (211) of limiting plate (210), sleeve (212) have been cup jointed in the bottom outside of loop bar (211), compression spring (213) have been cup jointed in the outside of loop bar (211), the bottom and crushing board (205) fixed connection of sleeve (212), and the bottom of crushing board (205) personally submits circular-arc setting.
4. The device for preparing the insect feed by utilizing the kitchen waste as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the feeding and drying device (4) comprises a conveyor belt (401) and a drying cylinder (402), the rear end face of the conveyor belt (401) is fixedly connected with the box body (1), the right side of the conveyor belt (401) is provided with the drying cylinder (402), the drying cylinder (402) is arranged in a fine mesh shape, both sides of the drying cylinder (402) are fixedly connected with a fixing frame (407), the outer side of the fixing frame (407) is rotatably connected with a fixing ring (408), the top ends of the fixing ring (408) at the left side and the right side are respectively hinged with a fixing rod (409) and a second electric push rod (410), the fixing rod (409) and the second electric push rod (410) are respectively and fixedly connected with the box body (1), the inner side of the top end face of the box body (1) is fixedly connected with a fan (411), an electric heating wire (412) is arranged under the fan (411), and the electric heating wire, the right end face of dead lever (409) fixedly connected with upset motor (413), the terminal fixedly connected with upset gear (414) of main shaft of upset motor (413), the outside meshing of upset gear (414) has ring gear (415), and ring gear (415) and drying cylinder (402) fixed connection.
5. The device for preparing the insect feed by utilizing the kitchen waste as claimed in claim 4, wherein: the right side setting of conveyer belt (401) is inboard in drying cylinder (402), and the area face of conveyer belt (401) is netted setting, conveyer belt (401) are the slope setting of 15 degrees angles, the right-hand member face fixedly connected with water pump (403) of baffle (3), the input intercommunication of water pump (403) has inlet tube (404), the output intercommunication of water pump (403) has outlet pipe (405), and the other end intercommunication of outlet pipe (405) has shower nozzle (406), and shower nozzle (406) are located conveyer belt (401) directly over.
6. The device for preparing the insect feed by utilizing the kitchen waste as claimed in claim 1, wherein: forming device (7) are including receiving workbin (701), box (1) bottom end face inboard fixedly connected with shaping motor (702), the terminal fixedly connected with helical blade (703) of main shaft of shaping motor (702), and helical blade (703) and receive workbin (701) and rotate and be connected, the right side intercommunication of receiving workbin (701) has a storage bucket (704).
7. The device for preparing the insect feed by utilizing the kitchen waste as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the cutting device (8) comprises a first motor (801), a first eccentric wheel (802) is fixedly connected to the tail end of a main shaft of the first motor (801), a first sliding frame (803) is fixedly connected to the outer side of the first eccentric wheel (802), the first sliding frame (803) is fixedly connected with the box body (1), and a straight cutting knife plate (804) is fixedly connected to the bottom end face of the first sliding frame (803).
8. The device for preparing the insect feed by utilizing the kitchen waste as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the cutting device (8) comprises a second motor (805), the tail end of a main shaft of the second motor (805) is fixedly connected with a second eccentric wheel (806), the outer side of the second eccentric wheel (806) is fixedly connected with a second sliding frame (807), the second sliding frame (807) is fixedly connected with the box body (1), and the bottom end face of the second sliding frame (807) is fixedly connected with a grid cutting knife board (808).
9. The method for preparing the insect feed by utilizing the kitchen waste according to the claims 1-8, characterized by comprising the following processing steps:
1) screening and crushing raw materials: food waste in a restaurant is put into the box body (1) through the feed inlet, then the grinding motor (203) is powered on, the grinding motor (203) drives the cross (202) to rotate, then the stirring rod (204) and the crushing plate (205) are driven to rotate, so that the food is crushed and screened through the grating plate (206), the rubber stirring rod (204) and the sleeve (212) are arranged, can play a certain buffer role, reduces the damage of other garbage to the equipment, can cut off the power supply of the crushing motor (203) after being used for a certain time, then the first electric push rod (201) is connected with the power supply to contract, drives the cross (202), the stirring rod (204) and the crushing plate (205) to rise, then the fixing ring (207) is pulled out to drive the grating plate (206) to be pulled out so as to clean other garbage, and the arrangement of the rubber base plate (209) can ensure better sealing effect;
2) feeding and drying materials: the garbage after the treatment falls onto the conveyor belt (401), then the conveyor belt (401) and the water pump (403) are simultaneously powered on to work, the conveyor belt (401) continuously conveys the kitchen garbage to the upper right, then the water pump (403) sprays external water source onto the restaurant garbage through the water inlet pipe (404), the water outlet pipe (405) and the spray head (406), then oil and water are taken away to flow into the collection box (5), then the conveyor belt (401) conveys the restaurant garbage without oil and water into the drying cylinder (402), then the fan (411), the heating wire (412) and the turnover motor (413) are simultaneously powered on to work, so that the restaurant garbage in the drying cylinder (402) is dried, meanwhile, other feeds are added into the drying cylinder (402) through the feed pipe (9), so that sufficient stirring is realized, finally the feed pipe (9) is screwed out, and then the second electric push rod (410) is extended, the drying cylinder (402) is obliquely placed, and the material is poured into the forming device;
3) and forming raw materials: when the raw materials are poured into a material receiving box (701) of the forming device, a forming motor (702) is powered on to work to drive a helical blade (703) to rotate, so that the raw materials are extruded into a discharging barrel (704), and the effect of pressing the raw materials into blocks is achieved;
4) forming the feed: the first motor (801) or the second motor (805) is powered on to drive the first eccentric wheel (802) or the second eccentric wheel (806) to rotate, then the first sliding frame (803) or the second sliding frame (807) is driven to move up and down, and the linear cutting knife board (804) or the grating cutting knife board (808) is driven to move up and down to cut and form the raw materials.
CN201910998149.6A 2019-10-21 2019-10-21 Equipment and method for preparing insect feed by utilizing kitchen waste Pending CN110800867A (en)

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CN201910998149.6A CN110800867A (en) 2019-10-21 2019-10-21 Equipment and method for preparing insect feed by utilizing kitchen waste

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910998149.6A CN110800867A (en) 2019-10-21 2019-10-21 Equipment and method for preparing insect feed by utilizing kitchen waste

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CN110800867A true CN110800867A (en) 2020-02-18

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112021615A (en) * 2020-08-20 2020-12-04 云南省烟草公司玉溪市公司 Equipment for automatically producing arma chinensis artificial feed

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112021615A (en) * 2020-08-20 2020-12-04 云南省烟草公司玉溪市公司 Equipment for automatically producing arma chinensis artificial feed

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