CN110792157A - Lifting type sludge cleaning device and cleaning method - Google Patents

Lifting type sludge cleaning device and cleaning method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110792157A
CN110792157A CN201911189774.2A CN201911189774A CN110792157A CN 110792157 A CN110792157 A CN 110792157A CN 201911189774 A CN201911189774 A CN 201911189774A CN 110792157 A CN110792157 A CN 110792157A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fishing
collecting
lifting
outer frame
frame body
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CN201911189774.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN110792157B (en
Inventor
刘长苗
候哲宇
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刘长苗
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Priority to CN201911189774.2A priority Critical patent/CN110792157B/en
Publication of CN110792157A publication Critical patent/CN110792157A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN110792157B publication Critical patent/CN110792157B/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03FSEWERS; CESSPOOLS
    • E03F7/00Other installations or implements for operating sewer systems, e.g. for preventing or indicating stoppage; Emptying cesspools
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02FDREDGING; SOIL-SHIFTING
    • E02F5/00Dredgers or soil-shifting machines for special purposes
    • E02F5/28Dredgers or soil-shifting machines for special purposes for cleaning watercourses or other ways
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02FDREDGING; SOIL-SHIFTING
    • E02F7/00Equipment for conveying or separating excavated material
    • E02F7/04Loading devices mounted on a dredger or an excavator hopper dredgers, also equipment for unloading the hopper

Abstract

The invention relates to a lifting type sludge cleaning device and a lifting type sludge cleaning method, which comprise a fishing top plate, a collecting outer frame body, a fishing device, a collecting device and a lifting mechanism, wherein the collecting outer frame body is symmetrically arranged on the left side and the right side of the fishing top plate, two ends of the fishing top plate are arranged on the inner side surface of the upper end of the collecting outer frame body, the collecting outer frame body is of a hollow structure, a lifting port is formed in the right side of the top end of the collecting outer frame body, the collecting device and the lifting mechanism are both arranged in a cavity of the collecting outer frame body, the lifting mechanism is positioned on the right side of the lifting port of the collecting outer frame body, the collecting device is uniformly arranged on the left side of the. The sludge fishing device can solve the problems that the resistance is large when workers operate the fishing ladle to fish sludge at the present stage, the workers are injured by long-time operation, the sludge fished by the manual operation fishing ladle cannot be collected in a centralized manner, secondary pollution is easily caused, and the like.

Description

Lifting type sludge cleaning device and cleaning method
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of river channel sludge cleaning, in particular to a lifting type sludge cleaning device and a cleaning method.
Background
The sewer is a public facility in cities, and the device has appeared as early as the ancient Roman period. The rudimentary form of sewer originated in paris, france, which to date has the largest urban sewer system in the world. Generally, a sewage system is used for collecting and discharging domestic wastewater generated in cities and industrial wastewater generated in industrial production.
The existing municipal engineering category comprises sewer cleaning equipment, the blockage problem caused by sludge deposition often occurs in a sewer, the normal operation of a drainage system is blocked, the sewer is usually cleaned regularly, the dredging work of the sewer is unfolded at an inspection well, the traditional municipal sewer sludge cleaning method is that a plurality of cleaning workers drag a collecting barrel to the side of the sewer well cover, the workers open the well cover and then manually salvage the well cover through a fishing ladle, the cleaning method is time-consuming and labor-consuming, the working efficiency is low, the distance from the bottom of the sewer to the inspection well is long, the resistance is large when the workers operate the fishing ladle to salvage sludge, the muscles of the workers are damaged due to long-time operation, the bodies of the workers are injured, the space for collecting and setting carried by the workers is limited, the sludge in the collecting equipment needs to be cleaned frequently, and the fishing efficiency is seriously influenced, greatly reduced the cleaning efficiency of sewer filth, silt that the sewer was salvaged can regard as agricultural fertilizer or building material after processing, can realize the utilization as a resource, changing waste into valuables, and manual operation salvages the unable collection of accomplishing concentrating of silt that the ladle was salvaged, easily causes secondary pollution.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to solve the problems, the invention provides a lifting type sludge cleaning device, which comprises a fishing top plate, a collecting outer frame body, a fishing device, a collecting device and a lifting mechanism, the collecting outer frame bodies are symmetrically arranged on the left side and the right side of the fishing top plate, two ends of the fishing top plate are installed on the inner side surface of the upper end of the collecting outer frame body, the collecting outer frame body is of a hollow structure, a lifting port is formed in the right side of the top end of the collecting outer frame body, both the collecting device and the lifting mechanism are arranged in a cavity of the collecting outer frame body, the lifting mechanism is located on the right side of the lifting port of the collecting outer frame body, the bottom of the lifting mechanism is installed on the inner wall of the bottom end of the collecting outer frame body, the collecting device is uniformly arranged on the left side of the lifting mechanism in the vertical direction, the collecting device is installed between the left inner wall and the; when the sludge fishing device is used for fishing and cleaning sludge, the fishing device can salvage the sludge at the bottom of a municipal sewer or a shaft, the collecting device can store the sludge salvaged by the fishing device in a layered manner, and the lifting mechanism can sequentially transmit the sludge stored by the collecting device out of the sludge fishing device.
The fishing device comprises a rotating rod, an ejecting roller and an electric sliding block group, salvage the telescopic link, the connecting block, salvage the mechanism, salvage the middle part of roof and seted up waist type groove, the vertical waist type groove of salvaging the roof that passes of dwang, the middle part of dwang is installed on the lower extreme front side of bottom plate through the middle part top dead plate of round pin axle installation at waist type groove, the top pushing roller is located the upper end right side of dwang, electronic take-up unit symmetric arrangement is in the front and back both sides of top pushing roller, the bottom surface of electronic take-up unit is installed on the top of salvage the roof, the top pushing roller is installed between the right-hand member of two electronic take-up units, the top pushing roller has seted up U type groove along its circumference, the U type groove of top pushing roller can be convenient for the top pushing roller to push away the dwang, salvage the telescopic link and install.
As a preferred technical scheme of the invention, the fishing mechanism comprises a fishing frame, a fishing bottom plate, a rotating pin rod, a fishing bracket, a locking block, a locking column, a retraction spring, a locking push rod and a push rod connecting block, the fishing frame is arranged below the connecting block and is connected with the connecting block through the fishing bracket, the lower sides of the two ends of the fishing bracket are arranged on the front end surface and the rear end surface of the fishing frame, the front end surface and the rear end surface of the fishing frame are symmetrically provided with locking holes, the fishing bottom plate is symmetrically arranged on the front side and the rear side of the lower end of the fishing frame, the outer end of the fishing bottom plate is arranged on the front side and the rear side of the fishing frame through the rotating pin rod, the locking block is positioned at the outer end of the middle part of the fishing bottom plate, the locking block is in an L-shaped structure, the top surface of the left end of the locking block is attached to the bottom surface of the fishing bottom plate, the retraction spring is sleeved on the inner end of the locking column, the outer end of the retraction spring is connected to the inner wall of the fishing frame, the inner end of the locking column is provided with a stop block, and the inner end of the retraction spring is connected to the stop block;
the locking push rods are symmetrically arranged at two ends of the connecting block, when the locking push rods are connected with the locking block through the push rod connecting block for specific work, the fishing device can salvage sludge at the bottom of a municipal sewer or a well shaft, the fishing device is placed above the municipal sewer or the well shaft, the fishing device is extended to the position above the sewage surface by controlling the fishing telescopic rod, then the pushing roller is driven to move leftwards by controlling the electric sliding block set, the upper end of the rotating rod is driven to incline leftwards, the fishing device inclines rightwards, then the fishing device is extended continuously by the fishing telescopic rod to extend into the sewage, then the pushing roller is driven to move rightwards by controlling the electric sliding block set, the fishing device is restored to the vertical state from the inclination, the fishing device finishes the sludge salvaging action at the bottom of the sewage, and the fishing device is lifted upwards by controlling the, after adjust collection device to suitable position, then promote to the outside through the locking push rod for the locking with salvaging the bottom plate is relieved to the bottom of locking piece, later two salvaging the bottom plate and uncovered downwards under the effect of silt gravity, in silt pours into collection device, accomplish silt and collect the back, through the inside shrink of control locking push rod, make the locking piece resume to initial position under the effect of the spring that contracts, make the inner of two salvaging the bottom plate laminate again.
As a preferred technical scheme, the left end of the salvaging frame is of a pointed structure, fine sieve holes are uniformly formed in the salvaging bottom plate, the pointed structure of the salvaging frame can be used for conveniently scraping and salvaging sludge at the bottom of a sewer, the salvaging effect of the salvaging frame on the sludge is improved, the fine sieve holes in the salvaging bottom plate can filter out water in the salvaged sludge, and the salvaging efficiency of the salvaging frame on the sludge is improved.
As a preferred technical scheme of the invention, the collecting device comprises a bearing plate, an upper frame plate, a collecting box, a collecting roller, a collecting push rod and a push rod connecting block, wherein the bearing plate is arranged on the lower inner wall of a collecting port of a collecting outer frame body, the upper frame plate is arranged on the upper inner wall of the collecting port of the collecting outer frame body, the collecting box is positioned between the bearing plate and the left end of the upper frame plate, the positions of the bearing plate and the upper frame plate, which correspond to the lifting port of the collecting outer frame body, are also provided with lifting ports, the top end of the left side of the bearing plate is provided with a roller groove, the collecting roller is uniformly arranged in the roller groove of the bearing plate, the top end of the collecting roller is attached to the bottom of the collecting box, the left end of the collecting push rod is arranged on the right end surface of the collecting box, the collecting push rod is connected with a lifting mechanism through the push rod connecting block, the right side of the push rod connecting block, after the salvaging mechanism finishes salvaging action, the salvaging mechanism is upwards lifted through controlling the salvaging telescopic rod, then the salvaging mechanism is inwards pushed by the collecting push rod, two collecting boxes which are opposite to each other are attached to each other, then the salvaging mechanism is outwards pushed by the locking push rod, the bottom of the locking block is unlocked with the salvaging bottom plate, then the two salvaging bottom plates are downwards opened under the action of sludge gravity, sludge is poured into the collecting boxes, after the sludge is collected, the collecting boxes are collected into the collecting outer frame body, and then all the collecting boxes are fully filled with the sludge through repeated upper-complaint operation.
As a preferred technical scheme of the invention, the lifting mechanism comprises a screw rod, a lifting block, a driving gear set, a lifting motor and a bearing seat, the screw rod is vertically arranged in a lifting port of the collecting outer frame body, the bottom of the screw rod is arranged on the inner wall of the collecting outer frame body through the bearing seat, the driving gear set is arranged on the bottom of the screw rod, the lifting motor is positioned below the screw rod, an output shaft of the lifting motor is connected with the left end of the driving gear set, the lifting motor is arranged on the inner wall of the bottom end of the collecting outer frame body, a limit groove is vertically arranged on the inner wall of the middle part of the right end of the collecting outer frame body, a lifting block is arranged on the right side of each collecting push rod, the lifting block is arranged on the screw rod in a threaded fit manner, the right end of the lifting block is connected with the limit groove of the collecting, the lifting mechanism can sequentially transmit the sludge stored in the collecting device out of the sludge collecting device, after the sludge is subpackaged, the sludge fished together by the sludge collecting device is transferred to a sludge dumping point or a specified position by using a transport tool, the collecting box is pulled to a lifting port of the collecting outer frame body by the collecting push rod, then the lifting motor is controlled to drive the screw rod to rotate, the lifting block drives the collecting box to be lifted upwards out of the collecting outer frame body, then the collecting box is manually separated from the lifting block, and the sludge in the collecting box is sequentially and respectively treated.
As a preferred technical scheme of the invention, the push rod connecting block is detachably connected with the lifting block, the inserting block of the push rod connecting block is inserted into the slot of the lifting block, the collecting box is conveyed out of the collecting outer frame body by the lifting mechanism, the collecting box and the lifting mechanism can be detached, sludge can be conveniently treated, and the practicability of the invention is improved.
The cleaning method of the lifting type sludge cleaning device comprises the following steps:
s1, fishing preparation: the fishing device is placed above a municipal sewer or a well shaft, the fishing mechanism is extended to the position above the sewage surface by controlling the fishing telescopic rod, then the electric sliding block set is controlled to drive the pushing roller to move leftwards, the upper end of the rotating rod is driven to incline leftwards, so that the fishing mechanism inclines rightwards, and the fishing preparation is completed;
s2, sludge fishing: then, the fishing telescopic rod is continuously extended, the fishing mechanism is extended into the sewage, and then the electric sliding block set is controlled to drive the ejection roller to move rightwards, so that the fishing mechanism is restored to a vertical state from an inclined state, and further the fishing mechanism finishes the sludge fishing action on the bottom of the sewage;
s3, split charging of sludge: after the salvaging mechanism finishes salvaging actions, the salvaging mechanism is lifted upwards by controlling a salvaging telescopic rod, then the collecting boxes are pushed inwards by a collecting push rod, so that two left and right opposite collecting boxes are attached to each other, then the bottom of a locking block is unlocked from being locked with a salvaging bottom plate by pushing outwards by a locking push rod, then the two salvaging bottom plates are opened downwards under the action of the gravity of sludge, the sludge is poured into the collecting boxes, after the sludge is collected, the collecting boxes are collected into a collecting outer frame body, and then the operation of going up to the complain is repeated to fill all the collecting boxes with the sludge;
s4, sludge transfer treatment: after the sludge is subpackaged, the salvaged sludge is transferred to a sludge dumping point or a specified position by using a transport tool, the collection box is pulled to a lifting port of the collection outer frame body by the collection push rod, the lifting motor is controlled to drive the screw rod to rotate, the lifting block drives the collection box to lift upwards out of the collection outer frame body, then the collection box is manually separated from the lifting block, and the sludge in the collection box is treated.
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
the sludge salvaging device can automatically and continuously salvage sludge deposited in a municipal sewer, and solves the problems that the salvaging gourd ladle is large in resistance when workers operate to salvage the sludge at the present stage, and the muscles of the workers are damaged due to long-time operation, so that the bodies of the workers are injured;
the fishing device is provided with the fishing mechanism, the locking block on the fishing mechanism can control the closed opening and the open opening between the two fishing bottom plates through the locking push rod, so that sludge which can be fished by matching with the collecting device is respectively filled in each collecting box, and the fishing and collecting efficiency of the sludge is improved;
the lifting mechanism is arranged, the lead screw on the lifting mechanism can lift the collecting box filled with the sludge upwards through the lifting motor, the collected sludge is convenient to transfer and process manually, and the practicability of the sludge collecting device is improved.
Drawings
The invention is further illustrated with reference to the following figures and examples.
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of a first configuration of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural view of the fishing device of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a first structural schematic of the fishing mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a second structural schematic of the fishing mechanism of the present invention;
fig. 6 is a schematic view of the structure between the collecting device and the lifting mechanism of the present invention.
Detailed Description
In order to make the technical means, the creation characteristics, the achievement purposes and the effects of the invention easy to understand, the invention is further explained below by combining the specific drawings. It should be noted that the embodiments and features of the embodiments in the present application may be combined with each other without conflict.
As shown in fig. 1 to 6, the lifting type sludge cleaning device comprises a fishing top plate 1, a collecting outer frame body 2, a fishing device 3, a collecting device 4 and a lifting mechanism 5, the collecting outer frame bodies 2 are symmetrically arranged on the left side and the right side of the fishing top plate 1, two ends of the fishing top plate 1 are installed on the inner side surface of the upper end of the collecting outer frame body 2, the collecting outer frame body 2 is of a hollow structure, a lifting port is formed in the right side of the top end of the collecting outer frame body 2, both a collecting device 4 and a lifting mechanism 5 are arranged in a cavity of the collecting outer frame body 2, the lifting mechanism 5 is located on the right side of the lifting port of the collecting outer frame body 2, the bottom of the lifting mechanism 5 is installed on the inner wall of the bottom end of the collecting outer frame body 2, the left side of the lifting mechanism 5 is uniformly provided with the collecting device 4 along the vertical direction, the collecting device 4 is installed between the left inner wall and the right wall of the; when the sludge fishing device is used for fishing and cleaning sludge, the fishing device 3 can salvage the sludge at the bottom of a municipal sewer or a shaft, the collecting device 4 can store the sludge fished by the fishing device 3 in a layered mode, and the lifting mechanism 5 can sequentially transmit the sludge stored by the collecting device 4 out of the sludge fishing device.
The fishing device 3 comprises a rotating rod 31, a pushing roller 32 and an electric sliding block group 33, salvage telescopic link 34, connecting block 35, salvage mechanism 36, waist type groove has been seted up at the middle part of salvage roof 1, the vertical waist type groove of salvaging roof 1 of passing of dwang 31, the middle part of dwang 31 is installed on the lower extreme front side of bottom plate 3 through the middle part top dead plate 32 of round pin axle installation at waist type groove, top pushing roller 32 is located the upper end right side of dwang 31, electronic slider group 33 symmetric arrangement is in top pushing roller 32 front and back both sides, the bottom surface of electronic slider group 33 is installed on the top of salvaging roof 1, top pushing roller 32 is installed between the right-hand member of two electronic slider groups 33, U type groove has been seted up along its circumference to top pushing roller 32, salvage telescopic link 34 is installed on the bottom of dwang 31, salvage mechanism 36 is located the below of salvaging telescopic link 34, the top of salvage.
The fishing mechanism 36 comprises a fishing frame 361, a fishing bottom plate 362, a rotating pin rod 363, a fishing bracket 364, a locking block 365, a locking column 366, a retraction spring 367, a locking push rod 368 and a push rod connecting block 369, the fishing frame 361 is arranged below the connecting block 35, the fishing frame 361 is connected with the connecting block 35 through the fishing bracket 364, the lower sides of the two ends of the fishing bracket 364 are arranged on the front end surface and the rear end surface of the fishing frame 361, locking holes are symmetrically formed in the front end surface and the rear end surface of the fishing frame 361, the fishing bottom plate 362 is symmetrically arranged on the front side and the rear side surface of the lower end of the fishing frame 361, the outer end of the fishing bottom plate 362 is arranged on the front side surface and the rear side surface of the fishing frame 361 through the rotating pin rod 363, the locking block 365 is positioned on the outer end of the middle of the fishing bottom plate 362, the locking block 365 is in an L-shaped structure, the middle part of the locking column 366 is connected with a locking hole of the fishing frame 361 in a sliding fit mode, a retraction spring 367 is sleeved on the inner end of the locking column 366, the outer end of the retraction spring 367 is connected to the inner wall of the fishing frame 361, a stop block is arranged at the inner end of the locking column 366, and the inner end of the retraction spring 367 is connected to the stop block;
when the locking push rods 368 are symmetrically arranged at two ends of the connecting block 35, and the locking push rods 368 are connected with the locking blocks 365 through the push rod connecting blocks 369 for specific work, the invention can finish the fishing action on the sludge at the bottom of the municipal sewer or well shaft, is placed above the municipal sewer or well shaft, the fishing mechanism 36 is extended to the position above the sewage water surface by controlling the fishing telescopic rod 34, then the electric slider group 33 is controlled to drive the pushing roller 32 to move leftwards, the upper end of the rotating rod 31 is driven to incline leftwards, so that the fishing mechanism 36 inclines rightwards, then the fishing telescopic rod 34 continues to extend, the fishing mechanism 36 is extended into the sewage, then the electric slider group 33 is controlled to drive the pushing roller 32 to move rightwards, so that the fishing mechanism 36 is restored to the vertical state from the inclination, and further the fishing mechanism 36 finishes the fishing action on the sludge at, the fishing mechanism 36 is lifted upwards by controlling the fishing telescopic rod 34, then the collecting device 4 is adjusted to a proper position, then the collecting device is pushed outwards by the locking push rod 368, the bottom of the locking block 365 is unlocked from the fishing bottom plate 362, then the two fishing bottom plates 362 are opened downwards under the action of the gravity of sludge, the sludge is poured into the collecting device 4, and after the sludge collection is completed, the locking block 365 is restored to the initial position under the action of the retraction spring 367 by controlling the locking push rod 368 to retract inwards, so that the inner ends of the two fishing bottom plates 362 are attached again.
The left end of the salvaging frame 361 is of a pointed structure, fine sieve holes are uniformly formed in the salvaging bottom plate 362, the pointed structure of the salvaging frame 361 can be used for conveniently scraping and salvaging sludge at the bottom of a sewer, the salvaging effect of the salvaging frame on sludge is improved, the fine sieve holes in the salvaging bottom plate 362 can filter out water in the salvaged sludge, and the salvaging efficiency of the salvaging frame on sludge is improved.
The collecting device 4 comprises a bearing plate 41, an upper frame plate 42, a collecting box 43, a collecting roller 44, a collecting push rod 45 and a push rod connecting block 46, wherein the bearing plate 41 is arranged on the lower inner wall of a collecting port of the collecting outer frame body 2, the upper frame plate 42 is arranged on the upper inner wall of the collecting port of the collecting outer frame body 2, the collecting box 43 is positioned between the bearing plate 41 and the left end of the upper frame plate 42, the bearing plate 41 and the upper frame plate 42 are also provided with lifting ports corresponding to the positions of the lifting ports of the collecting outer frame body 2, the left top end of the bearing plate 41 is provided with a roller groove, the collecting roller 44 is uniformly arranged in the roller groove of the bearing plate 41, the top end of the collecting roller 44 is attached to the bottom of the collecting box 43, the left end of the collecting push rod 45 is arranged on the right end surface of the collecting box 43, the collecting push rod 45 is connected with the lifting mechanism 5 through the push rod connecting block 46, the invention can be matched with a fishing mechanism 36 to store fished sludge in a layered manner, after the fishing mechanism 36 finishes fishing action, the fishing telescopic rod 34 is controlled to lift the fishing mechanism 36 upwards, then the collecting boxes 43 are pushed inwards by the collecting push rod 45, so that the two left and right opposite collecting boxes 43 are attached to each other, then the locking push rod 368 is pushed outwards, so that the bottoms of the locking blocks 365 are unlocked from the fishing bottom plate 362, then the two fishing bottom plates 362 are opened downwards under the gravity action of the sludge, the sludge is poured into the collecting boxes 43, after the sludge collection is finished, the collecting boxes 43 are collected into the collecting outer frame body 2, and then the operation is repeated to fill all the collecting boxes 43 with the sludge.
The lifting mechanism 5 comprises a screw 51, a lifting block 52, a driving gear group 53, a lifting motor 54 and a bearing seat 55, the screw 51 is vertically arranged in a lifting port of the collecting outer frame body 2, the bottom of the screw 51 is arranged on the inner wall of the collecting outer frame body 2 through the bearing seat 55, the driving gear group 53 is arranged on the bottom of the screw 51, the lifting motor 54 is positioned below the screw 51, the output shaft of the lifting motor 54 is connected with the left end of the driving gear group 53, the lifting motor 54 is arranged on the inner wall at the bottom end of the collecting outer frame body 2, a limit groove is vertically formed in the inner wall at the middle part of the right end of the collecting outer frame body 2, the right side of each collecting push rod 45 is provided with the lifting block 52, the lifting block 52 is arranged on the screw 51 in a threaded fit manner, the right end of the lifting block 52 is connected with the limit groove of the collecting outer, during specific work, the lifting mechanism 5 can sequentially transmit the sludge stored in the collecting device 4 out of the sludge collecting device, after the sludge is subpackaged, the fished sludge is transferred to a sludge dumping point or a designated position by using a transport tool, the collecting box 43 is pulled to a lifting port of the collecting outer frame body 2 through the collecting push rod 45, then the lifting motor 54 is controlled to drive the screw 51 to rotate, the lifting block 52 drives the collecting box 43 to lift upwards out of the collecting outer frame body 2, then the collecting box 43 is manually separated from the lifting block 52, and the sludge in the collecting box 43 is sequentially and respectively treated.
The push rod connecting block 46 is detachably connected with the lifting block 52, the inserting block of the push rod connecting block 46 is inserted into the slot of the lifting block 52, the collecting box 43 is conveyed out of the collecting outer frame body 2 by the lifting mechanism 5, the collecting box 43 and the lifting mechanism 5 can be detached, sludge can be conveniently treated, and the practicability of the sludge collecting device is improved.
In addition, the invention provides a cleaning method of the lifting type sludge cleaning device, which comprises the following steps:
s1, fishing preparation: the fishing device is placed above a municipal sewer or a shaft, the fishing mechanism 36 is extended to the position above the sewage surface by controlling the fishing telescopic rod 34, then the electric sliding block set 33 is controlled to drive the pushing roller 32 to move leftwards, the upper end of the rotating rod 31 is driven to incline leftwards, so that the fishing mechanism 36 inclines rightwards, and the fishing preparation is completed;
s2, sludge fishing: then, the fishing telescopic rod 34 is continuously extended, the fishing mechanism 36 is extended into the sewage, and then the electric sliding block set 33 is controlled to drive the pushing roller 32 to move rightwards, so that the fishing mechanism 36 is restored to a vertical state from an inclined state, and the fishing mechanism 36 finishes the sludge fishing action on the bottom of the sewage;
s3, split charging of sludge: after the fishing mechanism 36 finishes fishing action, the fishing mechanism 36 is lifted upwards by controlling the fishing telescopic rod 34, then the collecting boxes 43 are pushed inwards by the collecting push rod 45, so that the two left and right opposite collecting boxes 43 are attached to each other, then the locking push rod 368 pushes outwards, so that the bottoms of the locking blocks 365 are unlocked from the fishing bottom plates 362, then the two fishing bottom plates 362 are opened downwards under the gravity action of sludge, the sludge is poured into the collecting boxes 43, after the sludge collection is finished, the collecting boxes 43 are collected into the collecting outer frame body 2, and then the operation is repeated to fill all the collecting boxes 43 with the sludge;
s4, sludge transfer treatment: after the partial packaging of the sludge is completed, the sludge which is salvaged together with the sludge is transferred to a sludge dumping point or a designated position by using a transport tool, the collecting box 43 is pulled to the lifting port of the collecting outer frame body 2 through the collecting push rod 45, the lifting motor 54 is controlled to drive the screw rod 51 to rotate, the lifting block 52 drives the collecting box 43 to lift upwards out of the collecting outer frame body 2, then the collecting box 43 is manually separated from the lifting block 52, and the sludge in the collecting box 43 is processed.
The sludge salvaging device can be used for automatically and continuously salvaging sludge deposited in a municipal sewer, and solves the problems that the salvaging gourd ladle is large in resistance when workers operate to salvage the sludge at the present stage, and the muscles of the workers are damaged due to long-time operation, so that the bodies of the workers are injured.
The above description is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention and is not intended to limit the present invention, and various modifications and changes may be made by those skilled in the art. Any modification, equivalent replacement, or improvement made within the spirit and principle of the present invention should be included in the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. The utility model provides an over-and-under type silt cleaning device, includes salvage roof (1), collects outer frame body (2), fishing device (3), collection device (4) and elevating system (5), its characterized in that: the collecting outer frame bodies (2) are symmetrically arranged on the left side and the right side of the fishing top plate (1), two ends of the fishing top plate (1) are installed on the inner side surface of the upper end of the collecting outer frame body (2), the collecting outer frame body (2) is of a hollow structure, a lifting port is formed in the right side of the top end of the collecting outer frame body (2), the collecting device (4) and the lifting mechanism (5) are uniformly arranged in a cavity of the collecting outer frame body (2), the lifting mechanism (5) is located on the right side of the lifting port of the collecting outer frame body (2), the bottom of the lifting mechanism (5) is installed on the inner wall of the bottom end of the collecting outer frame body (2), the collecting device (4) is uniformly arranged on the left side of the lifting mechanism (5) along the vertical direction, the collecting device (4) is installed between the left inner wall and the right wall of the collecting outer frame body (2), and the collecting port; wherein:
the fishing device (3) comprises a rotating rod (31), a pushing roller (32), electric sliding block groups (33), a fishing telescopic rod (34), a connecting block (35) and a fishing mechanism (36), wherein a waist-shaped groove is formed in the middle of a fishing top plate (1), the rotating rod (31) vertically penetrates through the waist-shaped groove of the fishing top plate (1), a middle upper fixing plate (32) arranged in the middle of the waist-shaped groove through a pin shaft is arranged on the front side of the lower end of a bottom plate (3) in the middle of the rotating rod (31), the pushing roller (32) is positioned on the right side of the upper end of the rotating rod (31), the electric sliding block groups (33) are symmetrically arranged on the front side and the rear side of the pushing roller (32), the bottom surface of each electric sliding block group (33) is arranged on the top end of the fishing top plate (1), the pushing roller (32) is arranged between the right ends of the two electric sliding block groups (33), the pushing roller (32) is provided with a U, the fishing mechanism (36) is positioned below the fishing telescopic rod (34), and the top end of the fishing mechanism (36) is connected with the bottom of the fishing telescopic rod (34) through a connecting block (35).
2. The lifting type sludge cleaning device as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the fishing mechanism (36) comprises a fishing frame (361), a fishing bottom plate (362), a rotating pin rod (363), a fishing support (364), a locking block (365), a locking column (366), a retraction spring (367), a locking push rod (368) and a push rod connecting block (369), wherein the fishing frame (361) is arranged below the connecting block (35), the fishing frame (361) is connected with the connecting block (35) through the fishing support (364), the lower sides of the two ends of the fishing support (364) are arranged on the front end surface and the rear end surface of the fishing frame (361), locking holes are symmetrically formed in the front end surface and the rear end surface of the fishing frame (361), the fishing bottom plate (362) is symmetrically arranged on the front side and the rear side surface of the lower end of the fishing frame (361), the outer end of the fishing bottom plate (362) is arranged on the front side surface and the rear side surface of the fishing frame (361) through the rotating pin rod (363), the locking block, the locking block (365) is of an L-shaped structure, the top face of the left end of the locking block (365) is attached to the bottom face of a fishing bottom plate (362), the right end of a locking column (366) is installed on the inner side face of the upper end of the locking block (365), the middle of the locking column (366) is connected with a locking hole of a fishing frame (361) in a sliding fit mode, a retraction spring (367) is sleeved on the inner end of the locking column (366), the outer end of the retraction spring (367) is connected to the inner wall of the fishing frame (361), a stop block is arranged at the inner end of the locking column (366), the inner end of the retraction spring (367) is connected to the stop block, locking push rods (368) are symmetrically installed at two ends of a connecting block (35), and the locking push rods (368) are connected with the locking block (365) through push rod.
3. The lifting type sludge cleaning device as claimed in claim 2, wherein: the left end of the salvaging frame (361) is of a pointed structure, and fine sieve holes are uniformly formed in the salvaging bottom plate (362).
4. The lifting type sludge cleaning device as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the collecting device (4) comprises a bearing plate (41), an upper frame plate (42), a collecting box (43), a collecting roller (44), a collecting push rod (45) and a push rod connecting block (46), wherein the bearing plate (41) is arranged on the lower inner wall of a collecting port of the collecting outer frame body (2), the upper frame plate (42) is arranged on the upper inner wall of the collecting port of the collecting outer frame body (2), the collecting box (43) is positioned between the bearing plate (41) and the left end of the upper frame plate (42), the bearing plate (41) and the upper frame plate (42) are also provided with lifting ports corresponding to the positions of the lifting ports of the collecting outer frame body (2), the left top end of the bearing plate (41) is provided with roller grooves, the collecting roller (44) is uniformly arranged in the roller grooves of the bearing plate (41), the top end of the collecting roller (44) is attached to the bottom of the collecting box (43), the left end of the collecting push rod (45) is arranged on the right end surface of the collecting box (43, the collecting push rod (45) is connected with the lifting mechanism (5) through a push rod connecting block (46), and an inserting block is arranged on the right side of the push rod connecting block (46).
5. The lifting type sludge cleaning device as claimed in claim 4, wherein: the lifting mechanism (5) comprises a lead screw (51), lifting blocks (52), a driving gear set (53), a lifting motor (54) and a bearing seat (55), wherein the lead screw (51) is vertically arranged in a lifting port of the collecting outer frame body (2), the bottom of the lead screw (51) is arranged on the inner wall of the collecting outer frame body (2) through the bearing seat (55), the driving gear set (53) is arranged on the bottom of the lead screw (51), the lifting motor (54) is positioned below the lead screw (51), an output shaft of the lifting motor (54) is connected with the left end of the driving gear set (53), the lifting motor (54) is arranged on the inner wall of the bottom end of the collecting outer frame body (2), a limit groove is vertically formed in the middle inner wall of the right end of the collecting outer frame body (2), the lifting block (52) is arranged on the right side of each collecting push rod (45), and the lifting blocks (52) are arranged on the lead screw (51), the right end of the lifting block (52) is connected with a limiting groove of the collecting outer frame body (2) in a sliding fit mode, and the upper end of the left side of the lifting block (52) is provided with a slot.
6. The lifting type sludge cleaning device of claim 5, wherein: the push rod connecting block (46) is detachably connected with the lifting block (52), and the inserting block of the push rod connecting block (46) is inserted into the inserting groove of the lifting block (52).
CN201911189774.2A 2019-11-28 2019-11-28 Lifting type sludge cleaning device and cleaning method Active CN110792157B (en)

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Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2001071106A1 (en) * 2000-03-21 2001-09-27 Warren Howard Chesner Secure dredging system and water treatment vessel
CN106869210A (en) * 2017-04-18 2017-06-20 冯勇 A kind of river sewage treatment silt cleaning device
CN206581324U (en) * 2017-03-26 2017-10-24 张彦 Bucket is grabbed in a kind of well cleaning
CN206928358U (en) * 2017-07-07 2018-01-26 李秋丰 A kind of quick Accrete clearing device of hydraulic engineering
CN108331147A (en) * 2018-01-10 2018-07-27 曹先锋 The heavy mud groove of inspection shaft clears up auxiliary device
CN108487442A (en) * 2018-03-21 2018-09-04 李熙群 A kind of rubbish for municipal sewer cleaning removes equipment
CN209053221U (en) * 2018-09-05 2019-07-02 扬州群益机械有限公司 A kind of multi-faceted dredging grab bucket

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2001071106A1 (en) * 2000-03-21 2001-09-27 Warren Howard Chesner Secure dredging system and water treatment vessel
CN206581324U (en) * 2017-03-26 2017-10-24 张彦 Bucket is grabbed in a kind of well cleaning
CN106869210A (en) * 2017-04-18 2017-06-20 冯勇 A kind of river sewage treatment silt cleaning device
CN206928358U (en) * 2017-07-07 2018-01-26 李秋丰 A kind of quick Accrete clearing device of hydraulic engineering
CN108331147A (en) * 2018-01-10 2018-07-27 曹先锋 The heavy mud groove of inspection shaft clears up auxiliary device
CN108487442A (en) * 2018-03-21 2018-09-04 李熙群 A kind of rubbish for municipal sewer cleaning removes equipment
CN209053221U (en) * 2018-09-05 2019-07-02 扬州群益机械有限公司 A kind of multi-faceted dredging grab bucket

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