CN110774845A - Tunnel tyre wheel-rail interchange type vehicle - Google Patents

Tunnel tyre wheel-rail interchange type vehicle Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110774845A
CN110774845A CN201911070763.2A CN201911070763A CN110774845A CN 110774845 A CN110774845 A CN 110774845A CN 201911070763 A CN201911070763 A CN 201911070763A CN 110774845 A CN110774845 A CN 110774845A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
tire
rail
wheel
sleeve
span
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201911070763.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN110774845B (en
Inventor
孙连佳
刘中玲
张雄超
张尚尉
蔡兴
孙志敏
文文
徐欣
王建
张波
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China Railway First Engineering Group Co Ltd
China Railway Heavy Machinery Co Ltd
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China Railway Heavy Machinery Co Ltd
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Application filed by China Railway Heavy Machinery Co Ltd filed Critical China Railway Heavy Machinery Co Ltd
Priority to CN201911070763.2A priority Critical patent/CN110774845B/en
Publication of CN110774845A publication Critical patent/CN110774845A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN110774845B publication Critical patent/CN110774845B/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60FVEHICLES FOR USE BOTH ON RAIL AND ON ROAD; AMPHIBIOUS OR LIKE VEHICLES; CONVERTIBLE VEHICLES
    • B60F1/00Vehicles for use both on rail and on road; Conversions therefor
    • B60F1/04Vehicles for use both on rail and on road; Conversions therefor with rail and road wheels on different axles
    • B60F1/043Vehicles comprising own propelling units
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21FSAFETY DEVICES, TRANSPORT, FILLING-UP, RESCUE, VENTILATION, OR DRAINING IN OR OF MINES OR TUNNELS
    • E21F13/00Transport specially adapted to underground conditions

Abstract

A tunnel tire wheel-rail interchange type vehicle relates to the technical field of vehicles. The tunnel tire wheel-rail interchange type vehicle comprises a frame and at least two tire wheel-rail interchange type traveling mechanisms connected with the frame; each tire wheel-rail interchange type running mechanism comprises a wheel-rail running mechanism positioned below the frame, an interchange mechanism used for driving the wheel-rail running mechanism to ascend and descend, two tire running mechanisms symmetrically arranged on two sides of the frame and a tire span changing mechanism used for driving the two tire running mechanisms to move along the width direction of the frame, each wheel-rail running mechanism comprises at least two rotatable rail wheels, each tire running mechanism comprises at least one rotatable tire, and the tires are configured to be rotatable so that the axes of the tires can rotate up and down relative to the horizontal plane. The application provides a tunnel tire wheel rail interchange formula vehicle can change between the tire walking in wheel rail walking and adaptation tunnel to the vehicle demand of adaptation tunnel construction.

Description

Tunnel tyre wheel-rail interchange type vehicle
Technical Field
The application relates to the technical field of vehicles, in particular to a tunnel tire wheel-rail interchange type vehicle.
Background
With the rapid development of urban infrastructure construction, urban subway rail transit has also achieved tremendous development. Construction space is narrow and small in the tunnel because the restriction of shield size makes in the city subway construction process, and ordinary engineering equipment is difficult to be suitable for, especially lays the orbital part and can use rail vehicle to carry out goods and materials transport at subway construction in-process, but does not lay orbital part and be difficult to use ordinary vehicle to carry out goods and materials transport, is difficult to satisfy the user demand.
Therefore, a vehicle capable of adapting to tire running and rail running of the tunnel pipe wall is needed to improve the conveying efficiency of tunnel construction materials.
Disclosure of Invention
The application aims to provide a tunnel tire wheel rail interchange type vehicle which can be converted between wheel rail walking and tunnel-adaptive tire walking so as to adapt to the vehicle requirements of tunnel construction.
The embodiment of the application is realized as follows:
the embodiment of the application provides a tunnel tire wheel rail interchange type vehicle which comprises a frame and at least two tire wheel rail interchange type traveling mechanisms connected with the frame; each tire wheel-rail interchange type running mechanism comprises a wheel-rail running mechanism positioned below the frame, an interchange mechanism used for driving the wheel-rail running mechanism to ascend and descend, two tire running mechanisms respectively arranged on two sides of the frame and a tire span changing mechanism used for driving the two tire running mechanisms to move along the width direction of the frame, each wheel-rail running mechanism comprises at least two rotatable rail wheels, each tire running mechanism comprises at least one rotatable tire, and the tires are configured to be rotatable so that the axes of the tires can rotate up and down relative to the horizontal plane.
In some alternative embodiments, the wheel-rail traveling mechanism includes a wheel-rail traveling frame, two rail wheels rotatably connected to the wheel-rail traveling frame, and hydraulic motors for driving the two rail wheels to rotate, respectively.
In some optional embodiments, the rail wheel and the wheel-rail walking frame are connected through a damping and buffering device, the damping and buffering device comprises at least one bearing box, the bearing box is connected with the rail wheel through a rotatable rail wheel shaft, and the bearing box is connected with the wheel-rail walking frame through at least two springs.
In some optional embodiments, the exchange mechanism comprises at least two outer upright sleeves, and an inner upright sleeve and an upright cylinder which are in one-to-one correspondence with the outer upright sleeves, the outer upright sleeves are connected with the vehicle frame, the inner upright sleeves slide through the corresponding outer upright sleeves and are hinged with the wheel rail travelling mechanism, and the cylinder bodies and the cylinder rods of the upright cylinders are respectively hinged with the outer upright sleeves and the wheel rail travelling mechanism.
In some alternative embodiments, the tire-and-rail-interchangeable running mechanism further comprises a traverse positioning mechanism for driving the wheel-and-rail running mechanism to move in the width direction of the vehicle frame.
In some alternative embodiments, the traverse positioning mechanism comprises a traverse outer sleeve connected with the frame, a traverse inner sleeve sliding through the traverse outer sleeve, and a traverse cylinder, wherein a cylinder body and a cylinder rod of the traverse cylinder are respectively hinged with the traverse outer sleeve and the traverse inner sleeve, and the column outer sleeve is connected with the traverse outer sleeve.
In some optional embodiments, the tire span-changing mechanism comprises a span-changing inner sleeve, a span-changing outer sleeve and a span-changing oil cylinder which are in one-to-one correspondence with the tire travelling mechanisms, one end of the span-changing inner sleeve is connected with the corresponding tire travelling mechanism, the other end of the span-changing inner sleeve is slidably inserted into the corresponding span-changing outer sleeve, a cylinder body and an oil cylinder rod of the span-changing oil cylinder are respectively hinged with the corresponding span-changing inner sleeve and the span-changing outer sleeve, and the span-changing outer sleeve is connected with the frame.
In some alternative embodiments, the tire traveling mechanism includes at least one bogie connected to the variable-span inner sleeve, a rotating shaft rotatably connected to the corresponding bogie, a swing axle connected to the corresponding rotating shaft, and a tire fixed to the corresponding swing axle; at least one latch is also coupled to the swing axle and is configured to be axially movable to lock or unlock a position between the truck and the swing axle.
In some optional embodiments, the tire travelling mechanism further comprises a tire steering mechanism connected with the bogies in a one-to-one correspondence manner, the tire steering mechanism comprises an angle measuring device and a slewing bearing which are vertically arranged and rotatably connected with the equalizing beam and the corresponding bogies, and the tire steering mechanism is further connected with a steering oil cylinder for driving the slewing bearing to rotate in the horizontal plane and a steering pull rod for driving other bogies to steer.
In some optional embodiments, the tire traveling mechanism further comprises a tire balancing mechanism connected with the bogie in a one-to-one correspondence manner, the tire balancing mechanism comprises a balancing hinged seat connected with the variable-span inner sleeve, a balancing pin shaft rotatably connected with the balancing hinged seat, and a balancing beam connected with the balancing pin shaft, the steering pin shaft is rotatably connected with the balancing beam, and the axis of the steering pin shaft is parallel to the width direction of the frame.
The beneficial effect of this application is: the tunnel tire wheel rail interchange type vehicle comprises a frame and at least two tire wheel rail interchange type traveling mechanisms connected with the frame; each tire wheel-rail interchange type running mechanism comprises a wheel-rail running mechanism positioned below the frame, an interchange mechanism used for driving the wheel-rail running mechanism to ascend and descend, two tire running mechanisms symmetrically arranged on two sides of the frame and a tire span changing mechanism used for driving the two tire running mechanisms to move along the width direction of the frame, each wheel-rail running mechanism comprises at least two rotatable rail wheels, each tire running mechanism comprises at least one rotatable tire, and the tires are configured to be rotatable so that the axes of the tires can rotate up and down relative to the horizontal plane. The application provides a tunnel tire wheel rail interchange formula vehicle can change between the tire walking in wheel rail walking and adaptation tunnel to the vehicle demand of adaptation tunnel construction.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the technical solutions of the embodiments of the present application, the drawings that are required to be used in the embodiments will be briefly described below, it should be understood that the following drawings only illustrate some embodiments of the present application and therefore should not be considered as limiting the scope, and for those skilled in the art, other related drawings can be obtained from the drawings without inventive effort.
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a tunnel tire wheel-rail interchange vehicle provided in an embodiment of the present application;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of a frame and tire wheel-track interchange type traveling mechanism in a tunnel tire wheel-track interchange type vehicle according to an embodiment of the present application;
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of a wheel-rail traveling frame and a shock absorption and buffering device in a tunnel tire wheel-rail interchange vehicle according to an embodiment of the present application;
FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view from a first perspective of a tire travel mechanism and a tire span changing mechanism in a tunnel tire and wheel track interchange vehicle as provided in an embodiment of the present application;
fig. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of a second view angle of a tire running mechanism and a tire span changing mechanism in a tunnel tire and wheel rail interchange type vehicle provided by an embodiment of the application.
In the figure: 100. a frame; 200. a wheel-rail traveling mechanism; 210. a rail wheel; 211. a rail axle; 220. a wheel-rail walking frame; 230. a hydraulic motor; 240. a bearing housing; 250. a spring; 300. a switching mechanism; 310. the upright post is sleeved; 320. an upright post inner sleeve; 330. a column cylinder; 340. transversely moving the outer sleeve; 350. transversely moving the inner sleeve; 360. transversely moving the oil cylinder; 400. a tire travel mechanism; 410. a tire; 420. a bogie; 430. a rotating shaft; 440. a swing bridge; 450. a bolt; 460. an angle measuring device; 470. a slewing bearing; 480. a steering cylinder; 490. equalizing the free bearing; 491. balancing the pin shafts; 492. equalizing the beam; 500. a tire span varying mechanism; 510. a span-variable inner sleeve; 520. a variable-span coat; 530. and a span-variable oil cylinder.
Detailed Description
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the embodiments of the present application clearer, the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present application will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present application, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are some embodiments of the present application, but not all embodiments. The components of the embodiments of the present application, generally described and illustrated in the figures herein, can be arranged and designed in a wide variety of different configurations.
Thus, the following detailed description of the embodiments of the present application, presented in the accompanying drawings, is not intended to limit the scope of the claimed application, but is merely representative of selected embodiments of the application. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present application.
It should be noted that: like reference numbers and letters refer to like items in the following figures, and thus, once an item is defined in one figure, it need not be further defined and explained in subsequent figures.
In the description of the present application, it should be noted that the terms "center", "upper", "lower", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "inner", "outer", and the like indicate orientations or positional relationships based on the orientations or positional relationships shown in the drawings or orientations or positional relationships that the products of the application usually place when in use, and are used only for convenience in describing the present application and simplifying the description, but do not indicate or imply that the devices or elements being referred to must have a specific orientation, be constructed and operated in a specific orientation, and thus, should not be construed as limiting the present application. Furthermore, the terms "first," "second," "third," and the like are used solely to distinguish one from another and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance.
Furthermore, the terms "horizontal", "vertical", "overhang" and the like do not imply that the components are required to be absolutely horizontal or overhang, but may be slightly inclined. For example, "horizontal" merely means that the direction is more horizontal than "vertical" and does not mean that the structure must be perfectly horizontal, but may be slightly inclined.
In the description of the present application, it is further noted that, unless expressly stated or limited otherwise, the terms "disposed," "mounted," "connected," and "connected" are to be construed broadly, e.g., as meaning either a fixed connection, a removable connection, or an integral connection; can be mechanically or electrically connected; they may be connected directly or indirectly through intervening media, or they may be interconnected between two elements. The specific meaning of the above terms in the present application can be understood in a specific case by those of ordinary skill in the art.
In this application, unless expressly stated or limited otherwise, the first feature "on" or "under" the second feature may comprise direct contact of the first and second features, or may comprise contact of the first and second features not directly but through another feature in between. Also, the first feature being "on," "above" and "over" the second feature includes the first feature being directly on and obliquely above the second feature, or merely indicating that the first feature is at a higher level than the second feature. A first feature being "under," "below," and "beneath" a second feature includes the first feature being directly under and obliquely below the second feature, or simply meaning that the first feature is at a lesser elevation than the second feature.
The features and properties of the tunnel tire wheel rail interchange vehicle of the present application are described in further detail below with reference to examples.
As shown in fig. 1 and fig. 2, an embodiment of the present application provides a tunnel tire and wheel rail interchange vehicle, which is mainly used for walking and working on a pipe wall and a rail in a tunnel, so as to meet a requirement for switching between the walking of the pipe wall and the rail under different working conditions during tunnel construction. The tunnel tire wheel-rail interchange vehicle comprises a vehicle frame 100, a cab and a power and control system, wherein the cab and the power and control system are installed on the vehicle frame 100, a concrete mixing tank or other main functional components are connected to the vehicle frame 100, the front end and the rear end of the vehicle frame 100 are respectively connected with a tire wheel-rail interchange type traveling mechanism, each tire wheel-rail interchange type traveling mechanism comprises a wheel-rail traveling mechanism 200, a transverse movement positioning mechanism, an interchanging mechanism 300, two tire traveling mechanisms 400 and a tire span-changing mechanism 500, the wheel-rail traveling mechanisms 200 are located below the vehicle frame 100, the transverse movement positioning mechanism is used for driving the wheel-rail traveling mechanisms 200 to move along the width direction of the vehicle frame 100, the interchanging mechanism 300 is used for driving the wheel-rail traveling mechanisms 200 to ascend and descend, the two tire;
as shown in fig. 2, the traverse positioning mechanism comprises a traverse outer sleeve 340 connected with the frame 100, a traverse inner sleeve 350 sliding through the traverse outer sleeve 340 and a traverse cylinder 360, wherein the traverse outer sleeve 340 is horizontally arranged and arranged along the width direction of the frame 100, and a cylinder body and a cylinder rod of the traverse cylinder 360 are respectively hinged with the traverse outer sleeve 340 and the traverse inner sleeve 350; the exchange mechanism 300 comprises upright column outer sleeves 310 respectively connected with two ends of a traverse outer sleeve 340, the two upright column outer sleeves 310 are parallel and vertically arranged, each upright column outer sleeve 310 is connected with an upright column inner sleeve 320 which penetrates through the upright column outer sleeve in a sliding mode, the top of the outer wall of each upright column outer sleeve 310 is hinged with a cylinder body of an upright column oil cylinder 330, a liftable wheel rail travelling mechanism 200 is arranged below the traverse outer sleeve 340, and the wheel rail travelling mechanism 200 is hinged with an oil cylinder rod of the upright column oil cylinder 330;
as shown in fig. 2 and 3, the wheel-track traveling mechanism 200 includes a wheel-track traveling frame 220 having two ends respectively hinged to two upright inner sleeves 320, oil cylinder rods of two upright oil cylinders 330 respectively hinged to two ends of the wheel-track traveling frame 220, two ends of the wheel-track traveling frame 220 are respectively connected to a shock-absorbing buffer device, a rotatable wheel 210 and a hydraulic motor 230 for driving the wheel 210 to rotate, each shock-absorbing buffer device includes two bearing boxes 240, a wheel axle 211 having two ends respectively rotatably connected to the two bearing boxes 240, and two springs 250 corresponding to each bearing box 240, two ends of each spring 250 are respectively connected to the wheel-track traveling frame 220 and the corresponding bearing box 240, the wheel 210 is sleeved on the corresponding wheel axle 211, an output shaft of the hydraulic motor 230 is coaxially connected to the corresponding wheel axle 211, and the wheel axle 211 is horizontally arranged and extends in a width direction of the vehicle frame 100; the spring 250 is a rubber spring.
As shown in fig. 4, the tire span-varying mechanism 500 includes two span-varying outer sleeves 520 symmetrically disposed at two sides of the frame 100, the span-varying outer sleeves 520 are horizontally disposed and disposed along the width direction of the frame 100, the span-varying outer sleeves 520 are connected with the frame 100, each span-varying outer sleeve 520 is connected with a span-varying inner sleeve 510 slidably inserted therein, a span-varying cylinder 530 is further disposed between each span-varying outer sleeve 520 and the corresponding span-varying inner sleeve 510, and a cylinder body and a cylinder rod of the span-varying cylinder 530 are hinged to the corresponding span-varying outer sleeve 520 and the span-varying inner sleeve 510, respectively.
As shown in fig. 4 and 5, each tire traveling mechanism 400 includes a tire balancing mechanism connected to the corresponding variable span inner sleeve 510, two tire steering mechanisms connected to the tire balancing mechanism, and two bogies 420 connected to the tire steering mechanisms in a one-to-one correspondence, each bogie 420 is connected to a rotatable rotating shaft 430, an axis of the rotating shaft 430 extends along a length direction of the vehicle frame 100, each rotating shaft 430 is connected to a swing bridge 440, each swing bridge 440 is connected to a tire 410 through a corresponding half bridge, each swing bridge 440 is connected to three bolts 450 that are axially movable, the bolts 450 move axially to lock or unlock a position between the corresponding bogie 420 and the swing bridge 440, and the tire 410 can rotate around an axis of the rotating shaft 430 to rotate an axis of the tire 410 up and down relative to a horizontal plane; the tire balancing mechanism comprises a balancing hinged support 490 connected with the variable-span inner sleeve 510, a balancing pin 491 rotatably connected with the balancing hinged support 490, and a balancing beam 492 connected with the balancing pin 491, the balancing pin 491 is arranged along the horizontal direction, the axis of the balancing pin 491 extends along the width direction of the frame 100, the tire steering mechanism comprises an angle measuring device 460 and a slewing bearing 470 which are vertically arranged and rotatably connected with the balancing beam 492 and the bogie 420 respectively, the balancing beam 492 is further connected with a steering cylinder 480 for driving the two slewing bearings 470 to rotate in the horizontal plane respectively, the steering cylinder 480 is a bidirectional cylinder, two ends of a cylinder rod of the steering cylinder 480 are hinged with the two slewing bearings 470 respectively, and a cylinder body of the steering cylinder 480 is connected with the balancing beam 492. The angle measuring device uses the prior art, and therefore, the details are not described below.
The tunnel tire wheel rail interchange formula vehicle operation that this application embodiment provided can convert between tunnel pipe wall tire walking and tunnel rail-bound walking during to adapt to the different operation requirements of tunnel vehicle walking, wherein:
when the rail traveling operation is performed, the tire-wheel-rail interchange type traveling mechanisms connected to the front end and the rear end of the frame 100 are switched to a wheel-rail traveling mode, taking a tire-wheel-rail interchange type traveling mechanism as an example, the interchange mechanism 300 drives the wheel-rail traveling mechanism 200 to descend, so that two rail wheels 210 connected with the wheel-rail traveling mechanism 200 are abutted against the rail to perform the rail traveling operation, and meanwhile, the tire span changing mechanism 500 drives the two tire traveling mechanisms 400 to move towards the frame 100, so that the two tire traveling mechanisms 400 are retracted; specifically, the two upright cylinders 330 are controlled to respectively drive the cylinder rods to extend, so as to drive the wheel rail traveling frame 220 to stably descend, so that the rail wheels 210 connected with the shock-absorbing buffers at both ends of the wheel rail traveling frame 220 are driven to descend above the rail, at this time, the operator can align the two rail wheels 210 with the rail up and down by using the traverse positioning mechanism, namely, the rod of the traverse cylinder 360 is controlled to extend, the inner traverse sleeve 350 is driven to move along the width direction of the outer traverse sleeve 340 and the frame 100, thereby driving the column cylinder 330 and the wheel-rail traveling frame 220 connected to the inner traverse sleeve 350 to move in the width direction of the frame 100, so that the two rail wheels 210 are aligned with the rail, and finally the two post cylinders 330 further drive the wheel rail traveling frame 220 and the two rail wheels 210 to descend onto the rail, namely, two hydraulic motors 230 can be used to drive the corresponding rail wheels 210 to rotate so as to drive the tunnel tire wheel-rail interchange vehicle to move along the rail; simultaneously controlling oil cylinder rods of the two variable span oil cylinders 530 to contract, driving the two variable span inner sleeves 510 to move along the direction close to the frame 100 relative to the two variable span outer sleeves 520 so as to drive the two bogies 420 connected with the two variable span inner sleeves 510 to move towards the direction close to the frame 100, stopping pressing the outer peripheral wall of the tire 410 against the inner wall of the tunnel, and retracting the tire travelling mechanism 400; rotating the latch 450 to move it axially stops locking the position between the truck 420 and the swing axle 440 and the operator rotates the tire 410 about the spindle 430 to rotate the axis of the tire 410 to a horizontal orientation.
When a tire is used for traveling, the tire-wheel-rail interchange type traveling mechanisms connected with the front end and the rear end of the frame 100 are switched to a tire traveling mode, taking a tire-wheel-rail interchange type traveling mechanism as an example, the tire span changing mechanism 500 drives the two tire traveling mechanisms 400 to move away from the frame 100, so that the two tire traveling mechanisms 400 extend out, and in the span changing process, the tire 410 is rotated around the axis of the rotating shaft 430, so that the axis of the tire 410 rotates relative to a horizontal plane until the outer peripheral surface of the tire 410 is parallel to the inner wall of the preset position in the tunnel, and then the interchange mechanism 300 drives the wheel-rail traveling mechanism 200 to ascend, so that the two wheel-rail traveling mechanisms 200 are retracted, and the tire can travel on the inner wall of the tunnel; specifically, the cylinder rods of the two span-variable cylinders 530 are controlled to extend out to drive the two span-variable inner sleeves 510 to move in the direction away from the frame 100 relative to the two span-variable outer sleeves 520, so as to drive the two bogies 420 connected with the two span-variable inner sleeves 510 to move in the direction away from the frame 100, meanwhile, the bolt 450 is rotated to axially move to stop locking the position between the bogies 420 and the swing bridge 440, the operator rotates the tire 410 around the rotating shaft 430 to rotate the axis of the tire 410 up and down relative to the horizontal plane, controls the two upright cylinders 330 to contract the cylinder rods to reduce the height of the tire 410, enables the outer peripheral wall of the tire 410 to press against the inner wall of the tunnel, and finally controls the two upright cylinders 330 to respectively drive the cylinder rods to retract to drive the wheel track traveling frame 220 to stably rise, so as to drive the rail wheels 210 connected with the damping devices at the two ends of the wheel traveling frame 220 to rise and separate from the rail, so that the tire 410 can support, to facilitate movement and work in locations in the tunnel where no track is laid.
In addition, the tire steering mechanism in the tire traveling mechanism 400 can help the tire 410 to steer to adapt to the direction change of the tunnel, and specifically, the two slewing bearings 470 can be driven to rotate around the axes thereof in the horizontal plane by controlling the movement of the cylinder rods of the steering cylinders 480, so as to drive the angle measuring device 460, the slewing bearings 470, the bogie 420 and the tire 410 to rotate, so as to adjust the synchronous movement of the two tires 410 in each tire traveling mechanism 400 to steer to adapt to the direction change of the tunnel.
The tire balancing mechanism in the tire traveling mechanism 400 can ensure that the two sides of the tire 410 traveling along the inner wall of the tunnel are stressed in a balanced manner, when the tire 410 rotates and moves, the stress borne by the tire 410 is transmitted to the balancing beam 492 and the balancing pin 491 rotatably connecting the balancing beam 492 and the balancing hinge base 490, so that the tire 410 is balanced to be stressed excessively through the rotation action of the balancing pin 491, and the stress balance of each tire 410 during traveling is ensured.
In some alternative embodiments, the tunnel tire and wheel rail interchange vehicle can also be provided with three, four, five or more than five tire and wheel rail interchange running mechanisms; each wheel-track chassis 200 may also include four, six, eight, or more than eight track wheels 210; optionally, each tire chassis 400 may also include one, two, three, four, or more than four tires 410; optionally, each shock-absorbing buffer device may further include one, three, four, or more than four bearing housings 240; optionally, the bearing housing 240 and the wheel-track walking frame 220 may be connected by one, three, four or more springs 250; alternatively, instead of the double-headed cylinders as the steering cylinders 480, steering cylinders 480 corresponding to the slewing bearings 470 one by one may be provided, and the cylinder bodies of the steering cylinders 480 are connected to the equalizing beams 492, respectively, so that the cylinder rods of the steering cylinders 480 are hinged to the corresponding slewing bearings 470, respectively.
In some alternative embodiments, a tire equalization mechanism may not be provided, but the equalization beams 492 may be coupled directly to the variable span inner housing 510; of course, in other alternative embodiments, a tire steering mechanism may not be further provided on the premise that a tire balancing mechanism is not provided, and at this time, the bogie 420 may be directly connected to the span-variable inner sleeve 510. In some alternative embodiments, swing bridge 440 may also be coupled to a tire 410 via a corresponding speed reducer.
The embodiments described above are some, but not all embodiments of the present application. The detailed description of the embodiments of the present application is not intended to limit the scope of the claimed application, but is merely representative of selected embodiments of the application. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present application.

Claims (10)

1. A tunnel tire wheel rail interchange type vehicle is characterized by comprising a frame and at least two tire wheel rail interchange type traveling mechanisms connected with the frame; each tire wheel-rail interchange type running mechanism comprises a wheel-rail running mechanism located below the frame, an interchange mechanism used for driving the wheel-rail running mechanism to ascend and descend, two tire running mechanisms respectively arranged on two sides of the frame and a tire span changing mechanism used for driving the two tire running mechanisms to move along the width direction of the frame, each wheel-rail running mechanism comprises at least two rotatable rail wheels, each tire running mechanism comprises at least one rotatable tire, and the tires are configured to rotate so that the axes of the tires rotate up and down relative to the horizontal plane.
2. The tunnel tire wheel rail interchange vehicle according to claim 1, wherein the wheel rail traveling mechanism includes a wheel rail traveling frame, two of the rail wheels rotatably connected with the wheel rail traveling frame, and hydraulic motors for driving the two rail wheels to rotate, respectively.
3. The tunnel tire wheel rail interchange vehicle of claim 2, wherein the rail wheels and the wheel rail running carriage are connected by a shock absorbing and cushioning device, the shock absorbing and cushioning device comprising at least one bearing housing, the bearing housing is connected with the rail wheels by a rotatable rail wheel shaft, and the bearing housing is connected with the wheel rail running carriage by at least two springs.
4. The tunnel tire wheel rail interchange vehicle of claim 1, wherein the interchange mechanism comprises at least two outer column sleeves, and an inner column sleeve and an oil cylinder, the outer column sleeves correspond to the outer column sleeves one by one, the outer column sleeves are connected with the frame, the inner column sleeves slide through the corresponding outer column sleeves and are hinged to the wheel rail traveling mechanism, and a cylinder body and an oil cylinder rod of the oil cylinder are hinged to the outer column sleeves and the wheel rail traveling mechanism, respectively.
5. The tunnel tire wheel rail interchange vehicle of claim 4, wherein the tire wheel rail interchange running mechanism further comprises a traverse positioning mechanism for driving the wheel rail running mechanism to move in the frame width direction.
6. The tunnel tire wheel rail interchange vehicle of claim 5, wherein the traverse positioning mechanism comprises a traverse outer sleeve connected to the frame, a traverse inner sleeve slidably passing through the traverse outer sleeve, and a traverse cylinder having a cylinder body and a cylinder rod hinged to the traverse outer sleeve and the traverse inner sleeve, respectively, the pillar outer sleeve being connected to the traverse outer sleeve.
7. The tunnel tire wheel rail interchange vehicle of claim 1, wherein the tire span-changing mechanism comprises a span-changing inner sleeve, a span-changing outer sleeve and a span-changing oil cylinder, the span-changing inner sleeve corresponds to the tire travelling mechanism in a one-to-one manner, one end of the span-changing inner sleeve is connected with the corresponding tire travelling mechanism, the other end of the span-changing inner sleeve is slidably inserted into the corresponding span-changing outer sleeve, a cylinder body and an oil cylinder rod of the span-changing oil cylinder are respectively hinged with the corresponding span-changing inner sleeve and the span-changing outer sleeve, and the span-changing outer sleeve is connected with the frame.
8. The tunnel tire wheel track interchange vehicle of claim 7, wherein said tire travel mechanism comprises at least one bogie coupled to said variable span interior sleeve, a spindle rotatably coupled to a corresponding said bogie, a swing axle coupled to a corresponding said spindle, and one said tire secured to a corresponding said swing axle; at least one latch is also connected to the swing axle and configured to be axially movable to lock or unlock a position between the truck and the swing axle.
9. The tunnel tire wheel track interchange vehicle of claim 8, characterized in that the tire running mechanism further comprises a tire steering mechanism connected with the bogie in a one-to-one correspondence manner, the tire steering mechanism comprises a vertically arranged and rotatable angle measuring device respectively connected with the equalizing beam and the bogie and a slewing bearing connecting the bogie and the equalizing beam, and the tire steering mechanism is further connected with a steering cylinder for driving the slewing bearing to rotate in a horizontal plane and a steering link for driving other bogies to rotate.
10. The tunnel tire wheel track interchange vehicle of claim 9, wherein the tire traveling mechanism further comprises a tire balancing mechanism connected to the bogie in a one-to-one correspondence, the tire balancing mechanism comprising a balancing hinge base connected to the variable span inner sleeve, a balancing pin rotatably connected to the balancing hinge base, and a balancing beam connected to the balancing pin, the steering pin rotatably connected to the balancing beam, and an axis of the steering pin being parallel to a width direction of the frame.
CN201911070763.2A 2019-11-05 2019-11-05 Tunnel tyre wheel-rail interchange type vehicle Active CN110774845B (en)

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JPH0853006A (en) * 1994-08-11 1996-02-27 Nissei Kk Track travelling apparatus of service car on track land
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CN107140024A (en) * 2017-06-21 2017-09-08 中铁四局集团有限公司 A kind of running gear at adjustable tire angle of inclination
CN107234932A (en) * 2017-07-24 2017-10-10 青岛科技大学 A kind of rail convertible car base apparatus
CN107618325A (en) * 2017-10-26 2018-01-23 株洲旭阳机电科技开发有限公司 Combined concrete conveyance tank car

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH0853006A (en) * 1994-08-11 1996-02-27 Nissei Kk Track travelling apparatus of service car on track land
CN106696981A (en) * 2015-07-22 2017-05-24 湖北时瑞达重型工程机械有限公司 Bogie applicable to urban rail transit engineering vehicle
CN205327072U (en) * 2015-12-17 2016-06-22 湖北时瑞达重型工程机械有限公司 Track machineshop car frame that can turn to in a flexible way on 19 meters curve bends
CN107140024A (en) * 2017-06-21 2017-09-08 中铁四局集团有限公司 A kind of running gear at adjustable tire angle of inclination
CN107234932A (en) * 2017-07-24 2017-10-10 青岛科技大学 A kind of rail convertible car base apparatus
CN107618325A (en) * 2017-10-26 2018-01-23 株洲旭阳机电科技开发有限公司 Combined concrete conveyance tank car

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