CN110774082A - Steel pipe two-end port polishing process - Google Patents

Steel pipe two-end port polishing process Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110774082A
CN110774082A CN201911133984.XA CN201911133984A CN110774082A CN 110774082 A CN110774082 A CN 110774082A CN 201911133984 A CN201911133984 A CN 201911133984A CN 110774082 A CN110774082 A CN 110774082A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
steel pipe
plate
rotate
drives
gear
Prior art date
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Granted
Application number
CN201911133984.XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN110774082B (en
Inventor
王吉星
张彬
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Nanjing chuangtong Pipe Co., Ltd
Original Assignee
Changxing Dingrui Steel Pipe Co Ltd
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Application filed by Changxing Dingrui Steel Pipe Co Ltd filed Critical Changxing Dingrui Steel Pipe Co Ltd
Priority to CN201911133984.XA priority Critical patent/CN110774082B/en
Publication of CN110774082A publication Critical patent/CN110774082A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN110774082B publication Critical patent/CN110774082B/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B9/00Machines or devices designed for grinding edges or bevels on work or for removing burrs; Accessories therefor
    • B24B9/007Machines or devices designed for grinding edges or bevels on work or for removing burrs; Accessories therefor for end faces of tubes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B41/00Component parts such as frames, beds, carriages, headstocks
    • B24B41/005Feeding or manipulating devices specially adapted to grinding machines
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B41/00Component parts such as frames, beds, carriages, headstocks
    • B24B41/06Work supports, e.g. adjustable steadies
    • B24B41/067Work supports, e.g. adjustable steadies radially supporting workpieces
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B47/00Drives or gearings; Equipment therefor
    • B24B47/10Drives or gearings; Equipment therefor for rotating or reciprocating working-spindles carrying grinding wheels or workpieces
    • B24B47/12Drives or gearings; Equipment therefor for rotating or reciprocating working-spindles carrying grinding wheels or workpieces by mechanical gearing or electric power
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B55/00Safety devices for grinding or polishing machines; Accessories fitted to grinding or polishing machines for keeping tools or parts of the machine in good working condition
    • B24B55/06Dust extraction equipment on grinding or polishing machines
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B9/00Machines or devices designed for grinding edges or bevels on work or for removing burrs; Accessories therefor
    • B24B9/02Machines or devices designed for grinding edges or bevels on work or for removing burrs; Accessories therefor characterised by a special design with respect to properties of materials specific to articles to be ground
    • B24B9/04Machines or devices designed for grinding edges or bevels on work or for removing burrs; Accessories therefor characterised by a special design with respect to properties of materials specific to articles to be ground of metal, e.g. skate blades

Abstract

The invention relates to a steel pipe two-end port polishing process, which comprises the following steps: step one, storing a steel pipe group; step two, intermittently inputting the steel pipes; step three, the steel pipe is clamped, the roller rotates, the movable rod is driven to rotate through the mounting plate, the movable rod drives the extrusion rod to rotate, the extrusion rod is guided by the guide plate and then contacts with the extrusion plate, the extrusion rod drives the movable rod to move downwards, then the movable rod drives the pull rod to tighten the clamping plate, then the clamping plate clamps and fixes the falling steel pipe, and the clamped steel pipe rotates along with the roller; polishing one end face of the steel pipe; fifthly, polishing the other end face of the steel pipe; step six, steel pipe output work; the invention solves the technical problems of low working efficiency and low yield because the automatic positioning and output of the steel pipe cannot be realized.

Description

Steel pipe two-end port polishing process
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of steel pipes, in particular to a process for polishing two end ports of a steel pipe.
Background
The steel pipe is a hollow rod-shaped structure, and is widely used as a channel in the prior art, such as the fields of wiring, water supply, steam supply and the like. In practical application, a plurality of steel pipes may need to be connected together, or the steel pipes and other structures are assembled, and at the moment, the end faces of the steel pipes need to have higher flatness, so that the assembly of the steel pipes is facilitated. Therefore, the end face of the steel pipe needs to be polished in the machining process of the steel pipe, so that the subsequent application of the steel pipe is facilitated.
The patent document with the patent number of CN201811237215X discloses a steel pipe processing device, in particular to a steel pipe end face grinding machine, which belongs to the field of steel pipe processing, and the technical problem to be solved by the invention is to provide the steel pipe end face grinding machine to improve the grinding precision of the steel pipe end face.
However, in the actual use process, the inventor finds that the automatic positioning and output of the steel pipe cannot be realized, the working efficiency is low, and the yield is low.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the defects of the prior art, the invention ensures that the steel pipes are orderly and discontinuously output and automatically output in time by arranging the material receiving device and the material discharging device, thereby solving the technical problems of incapability of realizing automatic positioning and output of the steel pipes, low working efficiency and low yield.
Aiming at the technical problems, the technical scheme is as follows: a steel pipe both ends port polishing process includes:
firstly, steel pipe groups are stored, and a plurality of groups of steel pipes to be processed are horizontally stored in a storage box;
step two, the steel pipes are input intermittently, a driving motor drives a second rotating shaft to rotate firstly, the second rotating shaft drives a first driving wheel to rotate, the first driving wheel drives a first driven wheel to rotate through a first belt, the first driven wheel drives a first rotating shaft to rotate, and the first rotating shaft drives a discharging roller to rotate, so that the steel pipes in the storage box can fall into a material receiving groove on the discharging roller;
step three, the steel pipe is clamped, the roller rotates, the movable rod is driven to rotate through the mounting plate, the movable rod drives the extrusion rod to rotate, the extrusion rod is guided by the guide plate and then contacts with the extrusion plate, the extrusion rod drives the movable rod to move downwards, then the movable rod drives the pull rod to tighten the clamping plate, then the clamping plate clamps and fixes the falling steel pipe, and the clamped steel pipe rotates along with the roller;
polishing one end face of the steel pipe, wherein after the steel pipe is fed through the feeding plate, a port on the right side of the steel pipe is in contact with the supporting plate, so that the port of the steel pipe is rubbed with the supporting plate during rotation, and polishing is finished;
fifthly, polishing the other end face of the steel pipe, wherein the first gear is driven by the driving motor to rotate, the first gear drives the second gear meshed with the first gear to rotate, the second gear drives the fixed shaft to rotate, the fixed shaft drives the half gear to rotate, and the half gear rotates to be respectively meshed with upper and lower gear teeth on the rack plate, so that the rack plate can be controlled to move in a reciprocating manner, the rack plate can drive the grinding disc to move in a reciprocating manner through the cross rod, the grinding disc is convenient to contact with the other end of the steel pipe, and two ends of the steel pipe are polished during rotation;
and sixthly, outputting the steel pipe to work, driving a second driving wheel to drive a second driven wheel to rotate through a second belt, driving a driving belt to rotate through the second driven wheel, relieving the extrusion rod from the extrusion plate after the extrusion rod leaves the extrusion plate, opening the clamping plate below under the elastic force of a first spring, and dropping the polished steel pipe on the driving belt to be conveyed away.
Preferably, in the sixth step, a waste bin is further provided, and waste scraps generated during grinding fall into the waste bin below to be collected.
Preferably, in the sixth step, a second spring connected with the bottom plate is arranged below the clamping plate, the top end of the second spring is connected with a buffer plate, and the vertical section of the buffer plate is of an arc-shaped structure.
Preferably, in the sixth step, the elastic coefficient of the first spring is K2, and the elastic coefficient of the second spring is K1, K1 < K2.
Preferably, in the fourth step, the upper material plate is in a two-section type, the upper half part of the upper material plate is arranged obliquely downwards, and the lower half part of the upper material plate is in transitional connection with the upper half part and is arranged vertically downwards.
Preferably, in the second step, the driving motor is a dual-shaft motor.
Preferably, in the third step, the roller is driven to rotate by the second rotating shaft through driving the mounting plate when rotating.
Preferably, in the fifth step, the first gear and the second gear are bevel gears.
The invention provides a polishing device which is matched with a polishing process of ports at two ends of a steel pipe and is convenient for processing the ports at the two ends of the steel pipe, the polishing device comprises a bottom plate, two support plates are fixedly connected with the top of the bottom plate, first clamping plates are fixedly connected with the top of the support plates, a storage box is arranged at one side, close to each other, of the two first clamping plates, a material receiving device which is rotatably connected with the first clamping plates is arranged below the storage box, a clamping device which is rotatably connected with the support plates is arranged below the material receiving device, a double-shaft motor which is fixed with the support plates is arranged at the left side of the clamping device, a material discharging device is arranged below the clamping device, a reciprocating mechanism is arranged at an output shaft at the left end of the double-shaft motor, two cross rods which are movably sleeved on, a third spring sleeved on the outer ring of the cross rod is connected between the supporting plate and the grinding disc;
the material receiving device comprises a discharge roller, a first rotating shaft, a first driven wheel, a first driving wheel and a first belt, wherein the movable sleeve of the first rotating shaft is arranged in the supporting plate in a sleeved mode, the discharge roller is fixedly connected to the left end of the first rotating shaft, the first driven wheel is fixedly sleeved at one end, away from the discharge roller, of the first rotating shaft, the first driving wheel is arranged below the first driven wheel in a sleeved mode, and the first belt is sleeved on the first driven wheel and the outer ring of the first driving wheel;
the clamping device comprises a second rotating shaft, mounting plates, a roller, movable rods, pull rods, clamping plates, fixing plates, extrusion rods, guide plates and extrusion plates, one end of the second rotating shaft is fixedly connected with an output shaft of a double-shaft motor, one end of the second rotating shaft, which is far away from the double-shaft motor, is fixedly sleeved on an inner ring of a first driving wheel, two mounting plates are movably sleeved on an outer ring of the second rotating shaft, the roller is sleeved on the outer ring of the mounting plates, a plurality of pull rods are movably sleeved on the wall of the roller in an array manner, one ends of the pull rods, which extend out of the roller, are hinged with the two clamping plates, one ends of the pull rods, which extend into the roller, are fixedly connected with the movable rods, the fixing plates are welded at two ends of the movable rods, the extrusion rods are fixedly connected with the tops of the fixing plates, the guide plates are, and the extrusion rod is contacted with the extrusion plate;
the discharging device comprises a second driving wheel, a second driven wheel, a second belt, a third rotating shaft, a conveying roller and a conveying belt, wherein the second driving wheel is fixedly sleeved on an output shaft of the double-shaft motor, the second driven wheel is arranged below the second driving wheel, the second belt is sleeved outside the second driving wheel and the second driven wheel, the third rotating shaft is fixedly sleeved on an inner ring of the second driven wheel, the conveying roller is fixedly sleeved on an outer ring of the third rotating shaft, and the conveying belt is sleeved outside the conveying roller;
reciprocating mechanism includes first gear, second splint, fixed axle, second gear, semi-gear and rack plate, first gear and biaxial motor's output shaft fixed connection, biaxial motor's top is equipped with two second splint with backup pad fixed connection, it is connected with the fixed axle to rotate between the second splint, the fixed cover in outer lane of fixed axle is equipped with the second gear, and second gear and first gear engagement transmission, the back of second gear is equipped with the semi-gear of fixed cover establishing in the fixed axle outer lane, the outside of semi-gear is equipped with the rack plate, and rack plate and semi-gear engagement transmission, the vertical cross-section of rack plate is U type structure.
Preferably, set up the mounting hole with the coaxial setting of cylinder on the mounting panel, and the fixed cover of second pivot is established in the mounting hole, the top and the below of mounting hole all are equipped with the connecting hole that runs through the mounting panel, and the movable rod runs through the connecting hole.
Preferably, a plurality of movable holes are formed in the top cylinder wall and the bottom cylinder wall of the roller along the length direction of the roller in an array mode, the pull rod penetrates through the movable holes, the bottom of the clamping plate is connected with a first spring, and one end, far away from the clamping plate, of the first spring is connected with the inner wall of each movable hole.
Preferably, a second spring connected with the bottom plate is arranged below the clamping plate, the top end of the second spring is connected with a buffer plate, and the vertical section of the buffer plate is of an arc-shaped structure.
Preferably, the bottom wall of the storage box is provided with a discharge hole along the length direction, and the top of the discharge roller is provided with a receiving groove along the length direction.
Preferably, one side of the discharging roller, which is far away from the first driven wheel, is provided with a fixed rod fixedly connected with the supporting plate, and one side of the fixed rod, which is close to the discharging roller, is welded with a feeding plate.
Preferably, one the backup pad is last to have seted up first through-hole, and first pivot runs through first through-hole, the below of first through-hole is equipped with runs through two the second through-hole of backup pad, and the second pivot runs through the second through-hole, the below of second through-hole is equipped with runs through one the third through-hole of backup pad, and the third through-hole is run through in the third pivot.
Preferably, the fixed orifices has been seted up on the fixed plate, and the second pivot runs through the fixed orifices, the top and the bottom fixedly connected with of second pivot and two guide bars of cylinder inner wall welded, two guide holes have been seted up on the movable rod, and the guide bar runs through the guide hole, one the backup pad has the dump bin near one side welding of third pivot.
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
(1) according to the steel tube processing device, the material receiving device is arranged, the storage box on the material receiving device firstly stores steel tubes to be processed, the double-shaft motor firstly drives the second rotating shaft to rotate, the second rotating shaft then drives the first driving wheel to rotate, the first driving wheel then drives the first driven wheel to rotate through the first belt, the first driven wheel then drives the first rotating shaft to rotate, and the first rotating shaft then drives the discharge roller to rotate, so that the steel tubes in the storage box can fall into the material receiving groove on the discharge roller and can continuously rotate along with the discharge roller, and one steel tube can fall down to be processed each time;
(2) according to the invention, by arranging the clamping device, a second rotating shaft on the clamping device drives the roller to rotate together by driving the mounting plate when rotating, the movable rod is also driven by the mounting plate to rotate, the movable rod drives the extrusion rod to rotate, the extrusion rod is guided by the guide plate and then contacts with the extrusion plate, so that the extrusion rod drives the movable rod to move downwards, the movable rod drives the pull rod to tension the clamping plate, the clamping plate clamps and fixes the steel pipe, the clamped steel pipe rotates along with the roller, and after the steel pipe passes through the feeding plate, the port of the steel pipe can contact with a supporting plate, so that the port of the steel pipe is rubbed with the supporting plate when rotating, and polishing is finished;
(3) according to the invention, the discharging device is arranged, the second driving wheel on the discharging device drives the second driven wheel to rotate through the second belt, the second driven wheel drives the driving belt to rotate, when the extrusion rod leaves the extrusion plate, the extrusion plate relieves the compression on the extrusion rod, and the clamping plate below the extrusion plate can be opened under the elastic force of the first spring, so that the polished steel pipe falls on the driving belt to be conveyed away conveniently, and the manual material collection of workers is not needed;
(4) according to the invention, the reciprocating mechanism is arranged, the first gear on the reciprocating mechanism is driven by the double-shaft motor to rotate, the first gear drives the second gear meshed with the first gear to rotate, the second gear drives the fixed shaft to rotate, the fixed shaft drives the half gear to rotate, the half gear rotates and is respectively meshed with the upper gear and the lower gear on the rack plate, so that the rack plate can be controlled to reciprocate, the rack plate can drive the grinding disc to reciprocate through the cross rod, the grinding disc and the supporting plate can be conveniently contacted with two ends of the steel pipe, and the steel pipe can be conveniently ground when rotating.
In conclusion, the device has the advantages that the device can automatically feed materials, can automatically clamp and fix the steel pipe, and is particularly suitable for the technical field of steel pipes.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the technical solutions of the embodiments of the present invention, the drawings needed to be used in the description of the embodiments are briefly introduced below, and it is obvious that the drawings described below are only some embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious for those skilled in the art that other drawings can be obtained according to the drawings without creative efforts.
FIG. 1 is a schematic process flow diagram of the first embodiment.
Fig. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of the second embodiment.
Fig. 3 is a schematic elevation structure of the grinding disc.
Fig. 4 is a schematic side view of the second embodiment.
Fig. 5 is a front view of the supporting plate and the pressing plate.
Fig. 6 is a side view schematic diagram of the storage box and the discharging roller.
Detailed Description
The technical scheme in the embodiment of the invention is clearly and completely explained by combining the attached drawings.
Example one
As shown in fig. 1, a process for polishing two end ports of a steel pipe comprises the following steps:
firstly, steel pipe groups are stored, and a plurality of groups of steel pipes to be processed are horizontally stored in a storage box 4;
step two, inputting the steel pipes intermittently, wherein a driving motor drives a second rotating shaft 11 to rotate firstly, the second rotating shaft 11 then drives a first driving wheel 9 to rotate, the first driving wheel 9 then drives a first driven wheel 8 to rotate through a first belt 10, the first driven wheel 8 then drives a first rotating shaft 7 to rotate, and the first rotating shaft 7 then drives a discharging roller 5 to rotate, so that the steel pipes in the storage box 4 can fall into a material receiving groove 6 on the discharging roller 5;
step three, the steel pipe is clamped, the roller 14 rotates, the mounting plate 13 drives the movable rod 15 to rotate, the movable rod 15 drives the extrusion rod 31 to rotate, the extrusion rod 31 is guided by the guide plate 27 and then contacts with the extrusion plate 28, so that the extrusion rod 31 drives the movable rod 15 to move downwards, then the movable rod 15 drives the pull rod 16 to strain the clamping plate 17, then the clamping plate 17 clamps and fixes the falling steel pipe, and the clamped steel pipe rotates along with the roller 14;
polishing one end face of the steel pipe, wherein after the steel pipe is fed through the feeding plate 33, a port on the right side of the steel pipe is in contact with the support plate 2, so that the port of the steel pipe is rubbed with the support plate 2 during rotation, and polishing is finished;
fifthly, the other end face of the steel pipe is polished, the first gear 38 is driven by the driving motor to rotate, the first gear 38 drives the second gear 41 meshed with the first gear to rotate, the second gear 41 drives the fixed shaft 40 to rotate, the fixed shaft 40 drives the half gear 42 to rotate, the half gear 42 rotates and is respectively meshed with upper and lower gear teeth on the rack plate 43, so that the rack plate 43 can be controlled to move in a reciprocating manner, the rack plate 43 can drive the grinding disc 36 to move in a reciprocating manner through the cross rod 35, the grinding disc 36 is convenient to contact with the other end of the steel pipe, and two ends of the steel pipe are polished when the steel pipe rotates;
and sixthly, outputting the steel pipe, driving the second driving wheel 25 to drive the second driven wheel 24 to rotate through the second belt 26, driving the transmission belt 22 to rotate through the second driven wheel 24, releasing the pressing on the extrusion rod 31 by the extrusion plate 28 after the extrusion rod 31 leaves the extrusion plate 28, opening the lower clamping plate 17 under the elastic force of the first spring 18, and dropping the polished steel pipe on the transmission belt 22 to be sent away.
Further, in the sixth step, a waste bin 34 is further provided, and waste scraps generated during grinding can fall into the waste bin 34 below to be collected.
Further, as shown in fig. 2, in the sixth step, a second spring 20 connected with the bottom plate 1 is arranged below the clamping plate 17, a buffer plate 19 is connected to the top end of the second spring 20, and the vertical section of the buffer plate 19 is of an arc-shaped structure.
Further, in the sixth step, the elastic coefficient of the first spring 18 is K2, and the elastic coefficient of the second spring 20 is K1, K1 < K2.
Further, in the fourth step, the feeding plate 33 is in a two-section type, the upper half portion is arranged obliquely and downwards, and the lower half portion is in transitional connection with the upper half portion and is arranged vertically and downwards.
Further, in the second step, the driving motor is a dual-shaft motor 12.
Further, the roller 14 is driven to rotate by the second rotating shaft 11 through the driving mounting plate 13.
Further, in the fifth step, the first gear 38 and the second gear 41 are bevel gears.
Example two
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments.
Referring to fig. 2-6, a polishing device for conveniently processing ports at two ends of a steel pipe comprises a bottom plate 1, wherein the top of the bottom plate 1 is fixedly connected with two supporting plates 2, the top of each supporting plate 2 is fixedly connected with a first clamping plate 3, one side of each first clamping plate 3, which is close to each other, is provided with a storage box 4, a material receiving device rotatably connected with the first clamping plate 3 is arranged below the storage box 4, a clamping device rotatably connected with the supporting plates 2 is arranged below the material receiving device, a double-shaft motor 12 fixed with the supporting plates 2 is arranged on the left side of the clamping device, a discharging device is arranged below the clamping device, a reciprocating mechanism is arranged on an output shaft at the left end of the double-shaft motor 12, two cross rods 35 movably sleeved on the supporting plates 2 are fixedly connected to the reciprocating mechanism, a grinding disc 36 is fixedly connected to one end of each cross rod 35;
the material receiving device comprises a discharge roller 5, a first rotating shaft 7, a first driven wheel 8, a first driving wheel 9 and a first belt 10, wherein the first rotating shaft 7 is movably sleeved in the supporting plate 2, the discharge roller 5 is fixedly connected to the left end of the first rotating shaft 7, the first driven wheel 8 is fixedly sleeved at one end, away from the discharge roller 5, of the first rotating shaft 7, the first driving wheel 9 is arranged below the first driven wheel 8, and the first belt 10 is sleeved on the outer rings of the first driven wheel 8 and the first driving wheel 9;
the clamping device comprises a second rotating shaft 11, mounting plates 13, a roller 14, movable rods 15, pull rods 16, clamping plates 17, fixing plates 30, extrusion rods 31, guide plates 27 and extrusion plates 28, one end of the second rotating shaft 11 is fixedly connected with an output shaft of a double-shaft motor 12, one end of the second rotating shaft 11, which is far away from the double-shaft motor 12, is fixedly sleeved on an inner ring of a first driving wheel 9, two mounting plates 13 are movably sleeved on an outer ring of the second rotating shaft 11, the roller 14 is sleeved on the outer ring of the mounting plates 13, a plurality of pull rods 16 are movably sleeved on the wall of the roller 14 in an array manner, one end of each pull rod 16, which extends out of the roller 14, is hinged with two clamping plates 17, one end of each pull rod 16, which extends into the roller 14, is fixedly connected with a movable rod 15, the fixing plates 30 are welded at two ends of the two movable rods 15, the bottom of the guide plate 27 is fixedly connected with a squeezing plate 28 welded with the support plate 2, and a squeezing rod 31 is contacted with the squeezing plate 28;
the discharging device comprises a second driving wheel 25, a second driven wheel 24, a second belt 26, a third rotating shaft 23, a conveying roller 21 and a conveying belt 22, the second driving wheel 25 is fixedly sleeved on an output shaft of the double-shaft motor 12, the second driven wheel 24 is arranged below the second driving wheel 25, the second belt 26 is sleeved outside the second driving wheel 25 and the second driven wheel 24, the third rotating shaft 23 is fixedly sleeved on an inner ring of the second driven wheel 24, the conveying roller 21 is fixedly sleeved on an outer ring of the third rotating shaft 23, and the conveying belt 22 is sleeved outside the conveying roller 21;
the reciprocating mechanism comprises a first gear 38, a second clamping plate 39, a fixed shaft 40, a second gear 41, a half gear 42 and a rack plate 43, the first gear 38 is fixedly connected with an output shaft of the double-shaft motor 12, two second clamping plates 39 fixedly connected with the support plate 2 are arranged above the double-shaft motor 12, the fixed shaft 40 is rotatably connected between the second clamping plates 39, the second gear 41 is fixedly sleeved on the outer ring of the fixed shaft 40, the second gear 41 and the first gear 38 are in meshed transmission, the half gear 42 fixedly sleeved on the outer ring of the fixed shaft 40 is arranged on the back of the second gear 41, the rack plate 43 is arranged outside the half gear 42, the rack plate 43 and the half gear 42 are in meshed transmission, and the vertical section of the rack plate 43 is of a U-shaped structure.
The mounting plate 13 is provided with a mounting hole which is coaxial with the roller 14, the second rotating shaft 11 is fixedly sleeved in the mounting hole, connecting holes which penetrate through the mounting plate 13 are arranged above and below the mounting hole, the movable rod 15 penetrates through the connecting holes, a plurality of movable holes are arranged in an array manner along the length direction of the top cylinder wall and the bottom cylinder wall of the roller 14, the pull rod 16 penetrates through the movable holes, the bottom of the clamping plate 17 is connected with a first spring 18, one end of the first spring 18, far away from the clamping plate 17, is connected with the inner wall of the movable holes, the lower part of the clamping plate 17 is provided with a second spring 20 connected with the bottom plate 1, the top end of the second spring 20 is connected with a buffer plate 19, the vertical section of the buffer plate 19 is of an arc-shaped structure, the bottom box wall of the storage box 4 is provided with a discharge hole along the length direction, the top of the discharge roller 5 is provided with a material receiving groove 6 along the length direction, one, one side welding that dead lever 32 is close to discharge roller 5 has flitch 33, first through-hole has been seted up on backup pad 2, and first pivot 7 runs through first through-hole, the below of first through-hole is equipped with the second through-hole that runs through two backup pads 2, and second pivot 11 runs through the second through-hole, the below of second through-hole is equipped with the third through-hole that runs through a backup pad 2, and third pivot 23 runs through the third through-hole, the fixed orifices has been seted up on the fixed plate 30, and second pivot 11 runs through the fixed orifices, the top of second pivot 11 and two guide bars 29 of bottom fixedly connected with and cylinder 14 inner wall welded, two guiding holes have been seted up on the movable rod 15, and guide bar 29 runs through the guiding hole, one side welding that a backup pad 2 is close to third pivot 23 has waste bin 34.
In the embodiment, firstly, by arranging the material receiving device, the storage box 4 on the material receiving device firstly stores the steel pipe to be processed, the double-shaft motor 12 firstly drives the second rotating shaft 11 to rotate, the second rotating shaft 11 then drives the first driving wheel 9 to rotate, the first driving wheel 9 then drives the first driven wheel 8 to rotate through the first belt 10, the first driven wheel 8 then drives the first rotating shaft 7 to rotate, the first rotating shaft 7 then drives the discharging roller 5 to rotate, so that the steel pipe stored in the storage box 4 can fall into the material receiving groove 6 on the discharging roller 5 and can fall down to be processed along with the continuous rotation of the discharging roller 5, by arranging the clamping device, the second rotating shaft 11 on the clamping device can drive the roller 14 to rotate together by driving the mounting plate 13, the movable rod 15 is also driven to rotate by the mounting plate 13, and the movable rod 15 then drives the extrusion rod 31 to rotate, the extrusion rod 31 is guided by the guide plate 27 and then contacts with the extrusion plate 28, so that the extrusion rod 31 drives the movable rod 15 to move downwards, so that the movable rod 15 drives the pull rod 16 to tighten the clamping plate 17, so that the clamping plate 17 clamps and fixes the falling steel pipe, and the clamped steel pipe rotates along with the roller 14, after the steel pipe is fed through the feeding plate 33, the right port of the steel pipe contacts with one supporting plate 2, so that the port of the steel pipe is rubbed with the supporting plate 2 during rotation to finish grinding, through the arrangement of the reciprocating mechanism, the first gear 38 on the reciprocating mechanism rotates under the driving of the double-shaft motor 12, the first gear 38 further drives the second gear 41 which is meshed with the first gear to rotate, the second gear 41 drives the fixed shaft 40 to rotate, the fixed shaft 40 drives the half gear 42 to rotate, the half gear 42 rotates and is respectively meshed with the upper and lower gear teeth on the rack plate 43, so that the rack plate 43 can be controlled to move back and forth, the rack plate 43 can drive the grinding disc 36 to move back and forth through the cross rod 35, so that the grinding disc 36 and the support plate 2 are conveniently contacted with the two ends of the steel pipe, and the two ends of the steel pipe can be conveniently ground when the steel pipe rotates.
Through setting up discharging device, the last second action wheel 25 of discharging device drives the second through second belt 26 and follows driving wheel 24 and rotate, the second is followed driving wheel 24 and is rotated driving belt 22, and leave behind stripper plate 28 when stripper plate 31, stripper plate 28 removes the oppression to stripper plate 31, can make the grip block 17 of below open under the elasticity of first spring 18, thereby the steel pipe after conveniently polishing falls to and is sent away on driving belt 22, do not need staff manual receipts material like this, the sweeps that produces when polishing simultaneously can fall to accomplish in the dump box 34 of below and collect.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that the terms "front-back", "left-right", and the like indicate orientations or positional relationships based on those shown in the drawings, and are only for convenience in describing the present invention and simplifying the description, but do not indicate or imply that the referred device or component must have a specific orientation, be constructed in a specific orientation, and be operated, and thus should not be construed as limiting the invention.
Of course, in this disclosure, those skilled in the art will understand that the terms "a" and "an" should be interpreted as "at least one" or "one or more," i.e., in one embodiment, a number of an element may be one, and in another embodiment, a number of the element may be plural, and the terms "a" and "an" should not be interpreted as limiting the number.
The above description is only for the preferred embodiment of the present invention, but the scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, and any changes or substitutions that can be easily made by those skilled in the art in light of the technical teaching of the present invention should be included within the scope of the present invention. Therefore, the protection scope of the present invention shall be subject to the protection scope of the claims.

Claims (8)

1. A steel pipe both ends port grinding process which characterized in that includes:
firstly, steel pipe groups are stored, and a plurality of groups of steel pipes to be processed are horizontally stored in a storage box (4) firstly;
step two, inputting steel pipes intermittently, wherein a driving motor drives a second rotating shaft (11) to rotate firstly, the second rotating shaft (11) rotates and then drives a first driving wheel (9) to rotate, the first driving wheel (9) drives a first driven wheel (8) to rotate through a first belt (10), the first driven wheel (8) drives a first rotating shaft (7) to rotate, the first rotating shaft (7) drives a discharging roller (5) to rotate, and thus the steel pipes in a storage box (4) fall into a material receiving groove (6) on the discharging roller (5);
step three, the steel pipe is clamped, the roller (14) rotates, the movable rod (15) is driven to rotate through the mounting plate (13), the movable rod (15) drives the extrusion rod (31) to rotate, the extrusion rod (31) is guided by the guide plate (27) and then contacts with the extrusion plate (28), the extrusion rod (31) drives the movable rod (15) to move downwards, then the movable rod (15) drives the pull rod (16) to tighten the clamping plate (17), then the clamping plate (17) clamps the falling steel pipe, and the clamped steel pipe rotates along with the roller (14);
polishing one end face of the steel pipe, wherein after the steel pipe is fed through a feeding plate (33), a port on the right side of the steel pipe is in contact with the supporting plate (2), so that the port of the steel pipe is rubbed with the supporting plate (2) during rotation, and polishing is finished;
fifthly, the other end face of the steel pipe is ground, the first gear (38) rotates under the driving of the driving motor, the first gear (38) drives the second gear (41) meshed with the first gear to rotate, the second gear (41) drives the fixed shaft (40) to rotate, the fixed shaft (40) drives the half gear (42) to rotate, the half gear (42) rotates and is respectively meshed with upper and lower gear teeth on the rack plate (43), so that the rack plate (43) is controlled to move in a reciprocating mode, the rack plate (43) drives the grinding disc (36) to move in a reciprocating mode through the cross rod (35), the grinding disc (36) is convenient to contact with the other end of the steel pipe, and two ends of the steel pipe are ground when the steel pipe rotates;
and sixthly, outputting the steel pipe to work, driving a second driving wheel (25) to drive a second driven wheel (24) to rotate through a second belt (26), driving a transmission belt (22) to rotate through the second driven wheel (24), releasing the compression on the extrusion rod (31) by the extrusion plate (28) after the extrusion rod (31) leaves the extrusion plate (28), opening the lower clamping plate (17) under the elastic force of the first spring (18), and dropping the polished steel pipe on the transmission belt (22) to be conveyed away.
2. The steel pipe two-end port grinding process according to claim 1, wherein in the sixth step, a waste bin (34) is further provided, and waste scraps generated during grinding can fall into the waste bin (34) below to be collected.
3. The steel pipe two-end port polishing process according to claim 1, wherein in the sixth step, a second spring (20) connected with the bottom plate (1) is arranged below the clamping plate (17), the top end of the second spring (20) is connected with a buffer plate (19), and the vertical section of the buffer plate (19) is of an arc-shaped structure.
4. The steel pipe both-end port grinding process according to claim 3, wherein in the sixth step, the elastic modulus of the first spring (18) is K2, the elastic modulus of the second spring (20) is K1, and K1 < K2.
5. The steel pipe two-end port polishing process according to claim 1, wherein in the fourth step, the material feeding plate (33) is in a two-section type, the upper half part is obliquely and downwardly arranged, and the lower half part is transitionally connected with the upper half part and vertically and downwardly arranged.
6. The steel pipe two-end port polishing process according to claim 1, wherein in the second step, the driving motor is a double-shaft motor (12).
7. The steel pipe two-end port polishing process according to claim 1, wherein in the third step, the roller (14) is driven to rotate by the second rotating shaft (11) through driving the mounting plate (13) during rotation.
8. The steel pipe two-end port grinding process according to claim 1, wherein in the fifth step, the first gear (38) and the second gear (41) are conical teeth.
CN201911133984.XA 2019-11-19 2019-11-19 Steel pipe two-end port polishing process Active CN110774082B (en)

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Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS6427848A (en) * 1987-07-23 1989-01-30 Goto Eng Kk Polishing device for pipe inner surface
CN2617526Y (en) * 2003-05-30 2004-05-26 魏海涛 Pipe end deburring device
CN2745695Y (en) * 2004-08-22 2005-12-14 秦朝学 Pipe end burr polishing machine
KR20140008759A (en) * 2012-07-11 2014-01-22 대우조선해양 주식회사 Beveling system for pipe end face
CN105196118A (en) * 2015-09-24 2015-12-30 芜湖新兴铸管有限责任公司 Nodular cast iron pipe outer circle grinding machine
CN205021331U (en) * 2015-10-16 2016-02-10 章彩女 Short steel pipe inner wall grinding device
CN205129547U (en) * 2015-10-26 2016-04-06 安徽祥宇钢业集团有限公司 Be used for orificial grinding machanism of steel pipe

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS6427848A (en) * 1987-07-23 1989-01-30 Goto Eng Kk Polishing device for pipe inner surface
CN2617526Y (en) * 2003-05-30 2004-05-26 魏海涛 Pipe end deburring device
CN2745695Y (en) * 2004-08-22 2005-12-14 秦朝学 Pipe end burr polishing machine
KR20140008759A (en) * 2012-07-11 2014-01-22 대우조선해양 주식회사 Beveling system for pipe end face
CN105196118A (en) * 2015-09-24 2015-12-30 芜湖新兴铸管有限责任公司 Nodular cast iron pipe outer circle grinding machine
CN205021331U (en) * 2015-10-16 2016-02-10 章彩女 Short steel pipe inner wall grinding device
CN205129547U (en) * 2015-10-26 2016-04-06 安徽祥宇钢业集团有限公司 Be used for orificial grinding machanism of steel pipe

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