CN110773423A - Rapeseed cleaning and screening machine - Google Patents

Rapeseed cleaning and screening machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110773423A
CN110773423A CN201911071609.7A CN201911071609A CN110773423A CN 110773423 A CN110773423 A CN 110773423A CN 201911071609 A CN201911071609 A CN 201911071609A CN 110773423 A CN110773423 A CN 110773423A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fixedly connected
base
left end
limiting
shell
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Granted
Application number
CN201911071609.7A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN110773423B (en
Inventor
覃华
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Xupu Lvzhiran Agricultural Development Co Ltd
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Xupu Lvzhiran Agricultural Development Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201911071609.7A priority Critical patent/CN110773423B/en
Publication of CN110773423A publication Critical patent/CN110773423A/en
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Publication of CN110773423B publication Critical patent/CN110773423B/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/28Moving screens not otherwise provided for, e.g. swinging, reciprocating, rocking, tilting or wobbling screens
    • B07B1/34Moving screens not otherwise provided for, e.g. swinging, reciprocating, rocking, tilting or wobbling screens jigging or moving to-and-fro perpendicularly or approximately perpendiculary to the plane of the screen
    • B07B1/343Moving screens not otherwise provided for, e.g. swinging, reciprocating, rocking, tilting or wobbling screens jigging or moving to-and-fro perpendicularly or approximately perpendiculary to the plane of the screen with mechanical drive elements other than electromagnets
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/42Drive mechanisms, regulating or controlling devices, or balancing devices, specially adapted for screens
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/46Constructional details of screens in general; Cleaning or heating of screens
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/46Constructional details of screens in general; Cleaning or heating of screens
    • B07B1/4609Constructional details of screens in general; Cleaning or heating of screens constructional details of screening surfaces or meshes
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B21/00Arrangements or duct systems, e.g. in combination with pallet boxes, for supplying and controlling air or gases for drying solid materials or objects
    • F26B21/001Drying-air generating units, e.g. movable, independent of drying enclosure
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B2201/00Details applicable to machines for screening using sieves or gratings
    • B07B2201/02Fastening means for fastening screens to their frames which do not stretch or sag the screening surfaces

Abstract

The invention provides a rapeseed cleaning and screening machine, which comprises a base and a control cabinet, wherein the control cabinet is fixedly connected at the left end of the base, a collecting hopper is fixedly connected at one end of the base, a screening device is fixedly connected at one end of the base, the screening device comprises a screen, a transition frame, a connecting block, a limiting shaft, a fixing frame, a connecting rod, a crankshaft, a first motor, a rotating block, a first spring, a limiting pin and a guide plate, the fixing frame is fixedly connected at the inner side of the left end of the base, and the first motor is fixedly connected at the inner side of the right end of the fixing frame. And the screen cloth is convenient to maintain and replace in the later period, and the use of workers is convenient.

Description

Rapeseed cleaning and screening machine
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of tuber mustard oil, in particular to a rapeseed cleaning and screening machine.
Background
Rapeseed, also called as rapeseed, is a seed of brassicaceous crop rape, the pod of which is long, the seed is numerous, the seed is plump, the oil content in the rapeseed is 37.5% -46.3%, the oil content is slightly different according to the type of the rape, the rapeseed is one of main oil crops and honey source crops in China, the seed is one of main varieties of oil and fat preparation raw materials, the rape is cultivated in China and divided into two varieties of winter rape and spring rape, the planting area of the rapeseed accounts for more than 40% of the total area of the oil crops in China, the yield accounts for more than 30% of the total yield of the oil crops in China, the rapeseed is the first in the world, but the rapeseed needs to be screened when being processed, and therefore, the demand for a rapeseed cleaning and screening machine is increasing.
Most vegetable seed sieve separator that exists on the existing market is simple structure mostly, the function is single, general vegetable seed sieve separator does not have the device of clearing up the feed opening when the unloading, lead to the dead branch that mix with in the vegetable seed and branch and trunk to block up the feed opening, influence the normal use of sieve separator, and the screen cloth above the general sieve separator passes through the fix with screw in the inboard of sieve separator, be not convenient for when changing the screen cloth change the screen cloth, the change for the user has brought very big trouble, and general sieve separator can not dry moist vegetable seed, if meet rainy weather and can lead to the phenomenon that the vegetable seed appears mildenes and rot, influence the quality that the vegetable seed pressed oil, consequently, provide a vegetable seed clearance sieve separator to above-mentioned problem.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a rapeseed cleaning and screening machine, which solves the problem that a screen of a general screening machine is inconvenient to replace in the background technology.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme:
a rapeseed cleaning and screening machine comprises a base and a control cabinet, wherein the control cabinet is fixedly connected at the left end of the base, a collecting hopper is fixedly connected at one end of the base, a first collecting box is arranged at the lower side of the collecting hopper, a screening device is fixedly connected at one end of the base, a feeding device is fixedly connected at the inner side of the top end of the base, a processing device is fixedly connected at the right end of the base, a second electric telescopic rod is fixedly connected at the inner side of the right end of the collecting hopper, a guide hopper is fixedly connected at the left end of the second electric telescopic rod, a baffle is fixedly connected at the left end of the guide hopper, a second humidity sensor is fixedly connected at the inner side of one end of the processing device, a second collecting box is arranged at one end of the base, a first alarm lamp is fixedly connected at the top end of the base, the screening device comprises a screen, a transition frame, a connecting block, a limiting shaft, a fixing frame, a connecting rod, a crankshaft, a first motor, a rotating block, a first spring, a limiting pin and a guide plate, the fixing frame is fixedly connected to the inner side of the left end of the base, the first motor is fixedly connected to the inner side of the right end of the fixing frame, the crankshaft is fixedly connected to the tail end of a main shaft of the first motor, the crankshaft is rotatably connected with the fixing frame, the connecting rod is rotatably connected to the outer side of the crankshaft, the connecting block is rotatably connected to the top end of the connecting rod, the connecting block is slidably connected with the fixing frame, the rotating block is rotatably connected to the inner side of one end of the connecting block and one end of the base, the top end of the rotating block is provided with the screen, one end of the screen is.
Preferably, the inner side of one end of the rotating block is connected with a limiting pin in a sliding mode, a first spring is arranged on the outer side of the limiting pin, and two ends of the first spring are fixedly connected with the limiting pin and the rotating block respectively.
Preferably, the inner side of the bottom end of the connecting block is slidably connected with a limiting shaft, the limiting shaft is fixedly connected with the fixing frame, the number of the limiting shafts is two, and the limiting shafts are symmetrically distributed on the left side and the right side of the vertical central line of the fixing frame.
Preferably, the feeding device comprises a feeding hopper, a rocker, a push rod, a push block, a first electric telescopic rod and a protective shell, the feeding hopper is fixedly connected to the inner side of the top end of the base, the protective shell is fixedly connected to the inner side of the right end of the feeding hopper, and the first electric telescopic rod is fixedly connected to the inner side of the right end of the protective shell.
Preferably, the left end of the first electric telescopic rod is rotatably connected with a push rod through a hinge, the left end of the push rod is rotatably connected with a rocker through a hinge, and the rocker is rotatably connected with the feeding hopper.
Preferably, processing apparatus is including handling case, door plant, handle, dry shell, heater strip, fan, cassette, limiting plate, filter screen, dead lever, ventilative section of thick bamboo, end cover, second spring, connecting seat, first humidity transducer, second motor and lifting plate, the dry shell of the vertical setting of right-hand member fixedly connected with of base, the inboard fixedly connected with of left end of dry shell has the dead lever that the level set up, the bottom fixedly connected with fan of dead lever, the downside of fan is provided with the heater strip, and heater strip and dry shell fixed connection.
Preferably, the inboard fixedly connected with connecting seat of left end of dry shell, the inboard fixedly connected with second spring of left end of connecting seat, the right-hand member of second spring is provided with the filter screen, and filter screen and dry shell sliding connection, the right-hand member fixedly connected with cassette of dry shell, the inboard sliding connection of cassette has the limiting plate, and limiting plate and filter screen contact.
Preferably, the left end of the drying shell is communicated with a processing box through a pipeline, the inner side of the right end of the processing box is spirally connected with a door plate, the right end of the door plate is fixedly connected with a handle, the inner side of the right end of the processing box is fixedly connected with a second motor, the tail end of a main shaft of the second motor is fixedly connected with a ventilating cylinder, air holes are formed in the inner side of the periphery of the ventilating cylinder, the inner side of the top end of the drying shell is spirally connected with an end cover, and the inner side of the ventilating cylinder is fixedly connected with a.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. according to the invention, through the arrangement of the screen, the limiting shaft, the connecting rod, the crankshaft, the first motor, the rotating block, the first spring, the limiting pin and the like, on one hand, the screen is driven to reciprocate up and down through the mechanism such as the crankshaft connecting rod, the impurities such as branches and chaffs mixed in the rapeseed can be conveniently separated from the rapeseed through the vibration of the screen, the screening speed is improved, the screening quality can be ensured, on the other hand, the screen can be quickly fixed through the mutual matching of the transition frame and the limiting pin, the screen can be conveniently maintained and replaced in the later period, and the use of workers is facilitated.
2. According to the invention, through the feeding hopper, the rocker, the push rod, the push block, the first electric telescopic rod, the protective shell and the like, the rocker is pushed by the push rod to shake back and forth at the outlet of the feeding hopper, so that the phenomenon that the outlet of the feeding hopper is blocked due to branches mixed in vegetable seeds can be prevented, the normal and stable work of the feeding hopper is ensured, and the feeding efficiency is improved.
3. According to the invention, through the arrangement of the treatment box, the first collecting box, the heating wire, the fan, the filter screen, the ventilating cylinder, the connecting seat and the like, on one hand, rapeseed with proper humidity can be collected through the first collecting box, on the other hand, through the mutual matching of the ventilating cylinder, the fan and other mechanisms, the rapeseed with unqualified humidity can be quickly dried, and dust in a workshop can be prevented from being filtered through the filter screen, the ventilating cylinder is prevented from being blocked by the dust in the workshop, and the filter screen is convenient to disassemble and replace.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the structure of FIG. 1 at point A according to the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the structure of FIG. 1 at B according to the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view showing the internal structure of the treatment tank of the present invention;
fig. 5 is a schematic diagram of the structure of the screen of the present invention.
In the figure: 1-base, 2-control cabinet, 3-first collecting box, 4-feeding device, 401-feeding hopper, 402-rocker, 403-push rod, 404-push block, 405-first electric telescopic rod, 406-protective shell, 5-screening device, 501-screen, 502-transition frame, 503-connecting block, 504-spacing shaft, 505-fixing frame, 506-connecting rod, 507-crankshaft, 508-first motor, 509-rotating block, 510-first spring, 511-spacing pin, 512-guide plate, 6-treatment device, 601-treatment box, 602-door plate, 603-handle, 604-drying shell, 605-heating wire, 606-fan, 607-clamping seat, 608-spacing plate, 609-filter screen-609-limiting plate, 610-fixed rod, 611-ventilation cylinder, 612-end cover, 613-second spring, 614-connecting seat, 615-first humidity sensor, 616-second motor, 617-lifting plate, 7-collecting hopper, 8-baffle, 9-guide hopper, 10-second electric telescopic rod, 11-second humidity sensor, 12-second collecting tank, 13-first alarm lamp and 14-second alarm lamp.
Detailed Description
Example 1:
referring to fig. 1-5, the present invention provides a technical solution:
a rapeseed cleaning and screening machine comprises a base 1 and a control cabinet 2, wherein the control cabinet 2 is fixedly connected at the left end of the base 1, a collecting hopper 7 is fixedly connected at one end of the base 1, a first collecting box 3 is arranged at the lower side of the collecting hopper 7, a screening device 5 is fixedly connected at one end of the base 1, a feeding device 4 is fixedly connected at the inner side of the top end of the base 1, a processing device 6 is fixedly connected at the right end of the base 1, a second electric telescopic rod 10 is fixedly connected at the inner side of the right end of the collecting hopper 7, a guide hopper 9 is fixedly connected at the left end of the second electric telescopic rod 10, a baffle plate 8 is fixedly connected at the left end of the guide hopper 9, a second humidity sensor 11 is fixedly connected at the inner side of one end of the processing device 6, a second collecting box 12 is arranged at one end of the base 1, a first alarm lamp 13, the screening device 5 comprises a screen 501, a transition frame 502, a connecting block 503, a limit shaft 504, a fixing frame 505, a connecting rod 506, a crankshaft 507, a first motor 508, a rotating block 509, a first spring 510, a limit pin 511 and a guide plate 512, wherein the inner side of the left end of the base 1 is fixedly connected with the fixing frame 505, the inner side of the right end of the fixing frame 505 is fixedly connected with the first motor 508, the tail end of a main shaft of the first motor 508 is fixedly connected with the crankshaft 507, the crankshaft 507 is rotatably connected with the fixing frame 505, the outer side of the crankshaft 507 is rotatably connected with a connecting rod 506, the top end of the connecting rod 506 is rotatably connected with a connecting block 503, the connecting block 503 is connected with the fixing frame 505 in a sliding way, the inner side of one end of the connecting block 503 and one end of the base 1 are both connected with a rotating block 509 in a rotating way, the top end of the rotating block 509 is provided with a screen 501, one end of the screen 501 is provided with a transition frame 502, the transition frame 502 is engaged with the rotary block 509, and the bottom end of the screen 501 is fixedly connected with a guide plate 512.
The inner side of one end of the rotating block 509 is connected with a limiting pin 511 in a sliding manner, the outer side of the limiting pin 511 is provided with a first spring 510, two ends of the first spring 510 are respectively fixedly connected with the limiting pin 511 and the rotating block 509, the limiting pin 511 can be driven by the first spring 510 to realize the limiting and fixing of the transition frame 502, the inner side of the bottom end of the connecting block 503 is connected with a limiting shaft 504 in a sliding manner, the limiting shaft 504 is fixedly connected with a fixing frame 505, the number of the limiting shafts 504 is two, the limiting shafts are symmetrically distributed on the left side and the right side of the vertical central line of the fixing frame 505, the limiting and fixing of the connecting block 503 can be realized through the limiting shaft 504, the feeding device 4 comprises a feeding hopper 401, a rocker 402, a push rod 403, a push block 404, a first electric telescopic rod 405 and a protective shell 406, the inner side of the top end of the base 1 is fixedly connected with the feeding hopper 401, the left end of the first electric telescopic rod 405 is rotatably connected with a push rod 403 through a hinge, the left end of the push rod 403 is rotatably connected with a rocker 402 through a hinge, the rocker 402 is rotatably connected with the feeding hopper 401, the rocker 403 drives the rocker 402 to swing left and right, the blockage of the outlet of the feeding hopper 401 caused by impurities such as chaff and branches mixed in vegetable seeds can be prevented, the processing device 6 comprises a processing box 601, a door panel 602, a handle 603, a drying shell 604, a heating wire 605, a fan 606, a clamping seat 607, a limiting plate 608, a filter screen 609, a fixing rod 610, a ventilation cylinder 611, an end cover 612, a second spring 613, a connecting seat 614, a first humidity sensor 615, a second motor 616 and a lifting plate 617, the drying shell 604 which is vertically arranged is fixedly connected with the right end of the base 1, the fixing rod 610 which is horizontally arranged is fixedly connected with the inner side of the left end of the drying, a heating wire 605 is arranged at the lower side of the fan 606, the heating wire 605 is fixedly connected with the drying shell 604, a connecting seat 614 is fixedly connected with the inner side of the left end of the drying shell 604, a second spring 613 is fixedly connected with the inner side of the left end of the connecting seat 614, a filter screen 609 is arranged at the right end of the second spring 613, the filter screen 609 is slidably connected with the drying shell 604, a clamping seat 607 is fixedly connected with the right end of the drying shell 604, a limiting plate 608 is slidably connected with the inner side of the clamping seat 607, the limiting plate 608 is in contact with the filter screen 609, dust in the inner side of a production workshop can be filtered through the filter screen 609, the dust is prevented from entering the inner side of the drying shell 604, the filter screen 609 can be conveniently replaced through the actions of the clamping seat 607, the limiting plate 608 and the second spring 613, the left end of the drying shell 604 is communicated with the, the inner side of the right end of the treatment box 601 is fixedly connected with a second motor 616, the tail end of a main shaft of the second motor 616 is fixedly connected with a ventilating cylinder 611, air holes are formed in the inner side of the periphery of the ventilating cylinder 611, the inner side of the top end of the drying shell 604 is spirally connected with an end cover 612, a lifting plate 617 is fixedly connected to the inner side of the ventilating cylinder 611, the rapeseeds can be driven to be in a high position through the lifting plate 617, then the rapeseeds are thrown down, and the rapeseeds fall down from the high position, so that the rap.
The model of the control cabinet 2 is SDTH, the model of the first electric telescopic rod 405 is ANT-36, the model of the second electric telescopic rod 10 is NKLB50, the models of the first motor 508 and the second motor 616 are Y1-160M1-8 motors, the models of the first humidity sensor 615 and the second humidity sensor 11 are AM2305, and the model of the fan 606 is a D-type 9-26 fan.
The working process is as follows: before the device is used, firstly, an external power supply supplies power, firstly, a worker adds rapeseeds to the inner side of a feeding hopper 401, meanwhile, a control cabinet 2 controls a first electric telescopic rod 405 to drive a pushing block 404 to slide back and forth along a protective shell 406, the pushing block 404 pushes the rapeseeds while moving, meanwhile, the pushing block 404 drives a rocker 402 to rock back and forth at a discharge port of the feeding hopper 401 through a push rod 403, the phenomenon that the discharge port of the feeding hopper 401 is blocked can be prevented through the rocking of the rocker 402, then the rapeseeds fall onto a screen 501 at the lower side through the discharge port of the feeding hopper 401, meanwhile, the control cabinet 2 controls a first motor 508 to drive a crankshaft 507 to rotate, a connecting rod 506 is driven to reciprocate up and down through the rotation of the crankshaft 507, then the connecting rod 506 drives a connecting block 503 to reciprocate up and down along a limiting shaft 504, then the connecting block 503, meanwhile, the left rotating block 509 and the connecting block 503 rotate relatively, then the left rotating block 509 drives the left transition frame 502 and the screen 501 to rotate relatively with one end of the base 1 through the right rotating block 509, the screening of the vegetable seeds can be accelerated by the back-and-forth shaking of the screen 501, the vegetable seeds can fall to the inner side of the collecting hopper 7 through the screen 501, impurities such as chaff and branches fall to the right second collecting tank 12 along the screen 501 and the right transition frame 502, when the vegetable seeds in the inner side of the collecting hopper 7 do not pass through the first humidity sensor 615, the first humidity sensor 615 can detect the humidity of the vegetable seeds, when the detected humidity meets the humidity requirement, the first alarm lamp 13 does not give an alarm, a worker can control the second electric telescopic rod 10 to drive the guide hopper 9 and the baffle plate 8 to move to the right through the control cabinet 2, so that the baffle plate 8 can remove the blockage of the outlet of the collecting hopper 7, meanwhile, the worker stops adding the vegetable seeds to the inner side of the feeding hopper 401, then the vegetable seeds on the inner side of the collecting hopper 7 fall to the inner side of the first collecting tank 3, after the vegetable seeds on the inner side of the collecting hopper 7 fall, the baffle 8 is reset, the worker continues to add the rapeseeds to the inner side of the feeding hopper 401, the rapeseeds are continuously screened, when the screen 501 needs to be replaced, the worker pulls out the limit pins 511 at both ends from the inner side of the transition frame 502, then the transition frame 502 is taken down, so that the screen 501 can be disassembled, the operation is simple, when the new screen 501 is replaced, the operation is carried out according to the reverse steps, when the filter screen 609 needs to be replaced, the worker takes out the limit plate 608 from the inner side of the clamping seat 607, the filter screen 609 will then eject a portion of the drying shell 604 under the action of the second spring 613, the worker can then take out the filter screen 609 and return to the original position by the reverse procedure.
Example 2:
referring to fig. 1-5, the present invention provides a technical solution:
a rapeseed cleaning and screening machine comprises a base 1 and a control cabinet 2, wherein the control cabinet 2 is fixedly connected at the left end of the base 1, a collecting hopper 7 is fixedly connected at one end of the base 1, a first collecting box 3 is arranged at the lower side of the collecting hopper 7, a screening device 5 is fixedly connected at one end of the base 1, a feeding device 4 is fixedly connected at the inner side of the top end of the base 1, a processing device 6 is fixedly connected at the right end of the base 1, a second electric telescopic rod 10 is fixedly connected at the inner side of the right end of the collecting hopper 7, a guide hopper 9 is fixedly connected at the left end of the second electric telescopic rod 10, a baffle plate 8 is fixedly connected at the left end of the guide hopper 9, a second humidity sensor 11 is fixedly connected at the inner side of one end of the processing device 6, a second collecting box 12 is arranged at one end of the base 1, a first alarm lamp 13, the screening device 5 comprises a screen 501, a transition frame 502, a connecting block 503, a limit shaft 504, a fixing frame 505, a connecting rod 506, a crankshaft 507, a first motor 508, a rotating block 509, a first spring 510, a limit pin 511 and a guide plate 512, wherein the inner side of the left end of the base 1 is fixedly connected with the fixing frame 505, the inner side of the right end of the fixing frame 505 is fixedly connected with the first motor 508, the tail end of a main shaft of the first motor 508 is fixedly connected with the crankshaft 507, the crankshaft 507 is rotatably connected with the fixing frame 505, the outer side of the crankshaft 507 is rotatably connected with a connecting rod 506, the top end of the connecting rod 506 is rotatably connected with a connecting block 503, the connecting block 503 is connected with the fixing frame 505 in a sliding way, the inner side of one end of the connecting block 503 and one end of the base 1 are both connected with a rotating block 509 in a rotating way, the top end of the rotating block 509 is provided with a screen 501, one end of the screen 501 is provided with a transition frame 502, the transition frame 502 is engaged with the rotary block 509, and the bottom end of the screen 501 is fixedly connected with a guide plate 512.
The inner side of one end of the rotating block 509 is connected with a limiting pin 511 in a sliding manner, the outer side of the limiting pin 511 is provided with a first spring 510, two ends of the first spring 510 are respectively fixedly connected with the limiting pin 511 and the rotating block 509, the limiting pin 511 can be driven by the first spring 510 to realize the limiting and fixing of the transition frame 502, the inner side of the bottom end of the connecting block 503 is connected with a limiting shaft 504 in a sliding manner, the limiting shaft 504 is fixedly connected with a fixing frame 505, the number of the limiting shafts 504 is two, the limiting shafts are symmetrically distributed on the left side and the right side of the vertical central line of the fixing frame 505, the limiting and fixing of the connecting block 503 can be realized through the limiting shaft 504, the feeding device 4 comprises a feeding hopper 401, a rocker 402, a push rod 403, a push block 404, a first electric telescopic rod 405 and a protective shell 406, the inner side of the top end of the base 1 is fixedly connected with the feeding hopper 401, the left end of the first electric telescopic rod 405 is rotatably connected with a push rod 403 through a hinge, the left end of the push rod 403 is rotatably connected with a rocker 402 through a hinge, the rocker 402 is rotatably connected with the feeding hopper 401, the rocker 403 drives the rocker 402 to swing left and right, the blockage of the outlet of the feeding hopper 401 caused by impurities such as chaff and branches mixed in vegetable seeds can be prevented, the processing device 6 comprises a processing box 601, a door panel 602, a handle 603, a drying shell 604, a heating wire 605, a fan 606, a clamping seat 607, a limiting plate 608, a filter screen 609, a fixing rod 610, a ventilation cylinder 611, an end cover 612, a second spring 613, a connecting seat 614, a first humidity sensor 615, a second motor 616 and a lifting plate 617, the drying shell 604 which is vertically arranged is fixedly connected with the right end of the base 1, the fixing rod 610 which is horizontally arranged is fixedly connected with the inner side of the left end of the drying, a heating wire 605 is arranged at the lower side of the fan 606, the heating wire 605 is fixedly connected with the drying shell 604, a connecting seat 614 is fixedly connected with the inner side of the left end of the drying shell 604, a second spring 613 is fixedly connected with the inner side of the left end of the connecting seat 614, a filter screen 609 is arranged at the right end of the second spring 613, the filter screen 609 is slidably connected with the drying shell 604, a clamping seat 607 is fixedly connected with the right end of the drying shell 604, a limiting plate 608 is slidably connected with the inner side of the clamping seat 607, the limiting plate 608 is in contact with the filter screen 609, dust in the inner side of a production workshop can be filtered through the filter screen 609, the dust is prevented from entering the inner side of the drying shell 604, the filter screen 609 can be conveniently replaced through the actions of the clamping seat 607, the limiting plate 608 and the second spring 613, the left end of the drying shell 604 is communicated with the, the inner side of the right end of the treatment box 601 is fixedly connected with a second motor 616, the tail end of a main shaft of the second motor 616 is fixedly connected with a ventilating cylinder 611, air holes are formed in the inner side of the periphery of the ventilating cylinder 611, the inner side of the top end of the drying shell 604 is spirally connected with an end cover 612, a lifting plate 617 is fixedly connected to the inner side of the ventilating cylinder 611, the rapeseeds can be driven to be in a high position through the lifting plate 617, then the rapeseeds are thrown down, and the rapeseeds fall down from the high position, so that the rap.
The model of the control cabinet 2 is SDTH, the model of the first electric telescopic rod 405 is ANT-36, the model of the second electric telescopic rod 10 is NKLB50, the models of the first motor 508 and the second motor 616 are Y1-160M1-8 motors, the models of the first humidity sensor 615 and the second humidity sensor 11 are AM2305, and the model of the fan 606 is a D-type 9-26 fan.
The working process is as follows: before the device is used, firstly, an external power supply supplies power, firstly, a worker adds rapeseeds to the inner side of a feeding hopper 401, meanwhile, a control cabinet 2 controls a first electric telescopic rod 405 to drive a pushing block 404 to slide back and forth along a protective shell 406, the pushing block 404 pushes the rapeseeds while moving, meanwhile, the pushing block 404 drives a rocker 402 to rock back and forth at a discharge port of the feeding hopper 401 through a push rod 403, the phenomenon that the discharge port of the feeding hopper 401 is blocked can be prevented through the rocking of the rocker 402, then the rapeseeds fall onto a screen 501 at the lower side through the discharge port of the feeding hopper 401, meanwhile, the control cabinet 2 controls a first motor 508 to drive a crankshaft 507 to rotate, a connecting rod 506 is driven to reciprocate up and down through the rotation of the crankshaft 507, then the connecting rod 506 drives a connecting block 503 to reciprocate up and down along a limiting shaft 504, then the connecting block 503, meanwhile, the left rotating block 509 and the connecting block 503 rotate relatively, then the left rotating block 509 drives the left transition frame 502 and the screen 501 to rotate relatively with one end of the base 1 through the right rotating block 509, the screening of the vegetable seeds can be accelerated by the back-and-forth shaking of the screen 501, the vegetable seeds can fall to the inner side of the collecting hopper 7 through the screen 501, impurities such as chaff and branches fall to the right second collecting tank 12 along the screen 501 and the right transition frame 502, when the vegetable seeds in the inner side of the collecting hopper 7 do not pass through the first humidity sensor 615, the first humidity sensor 615 can detect the humidity of the vegetable seeds, when the detected humidity does not meet the humidity requirement, the control cabinet 2 controls the first alarm lamp 13 to alarm outwards, then the worker controls the second electric telescopic rod 10 to drive the guide hopper 9 and the baffle plate 8 to move leftwards through the control cabinet 2, so that the outlet of the collecting hopper 7 is communicated with the guide hopper 9, meanwhile, the worker takes the end cover 612 down from the upper surface of the ventilation cylinder 611, the feed inlet of the ventilation cylinder 611 is arranged above, then the rapeseed in the inner side of the collecting hopper 7 falls to the inner side of the ventilation cylinder 611 through the guide hopper 9, after the rapeseed in the inner side of the collecting hopper 7 falls off, the baffle 8 is reset, the worker continues to add the rapeseed to the inner side of the feeding hopper 401, and continues to screen the rapeseed, then the worker resets the end cover 612, then the control cabinet 2 controls the second motor 616 to drive the ventilation cylinder 611 to rotate, the ventilation cylinder 611 lifts the rapeseed to a high position through the lifting plate 617 in the inner side while rotating, so that the rapeseed falls down from the high position, meanwhile, the fan 606 blows hot air to the inner side of the processing box 601 through the heating wire 605, then the hot air quickly dries the rapeseed through the ventilation cylinder 611, meanwhile, the filter screen 609 filters dust in the inner side of the production workshop, and when the humidity of the rapeseed in the inner side of the ventilation cylinder, the second humidity sensor 11 will control the second alarm lamp 14 to alarm the outside through the control cabinet 2, remind the worker to process the rapeseed inside the ventilation cylinder 611 in time, then the second motor 616 drives the end cap 612 to be on the ventilation cylinder 611, and the second motor 616 stops working, then the worker takes off the end cap 612, then rotates the ventilation cylinder 611, so that the outlet of the ventilation cylinder 611 faces downward, then the rapeseed falls to the bottom end of the processing box 601, then the worker takes off the door panel 602 through the handle 603, then the worker takes out the rapeseed, when the screen 501 needs to be replaced, the worker takes out the limit pins 511 at the two ends from the inner side of the transition frame 502, then the transition frame 502 is taken off, so as to realize the detachment of the screen 501, the operation is simple, when a new screen 501 is replaced, the operation can be performed according to the reverse step, when the filter screen 609 needs to be replaced, the worker takes out the limiting plate 608 from the inner side of the clamping seat 607, then the filter screen 609 is ejected out of a part of the drying shell 604 under the action of the second spring 613, and then the worker can take out the filter screen 609 and return the filter screen to the drying shell according to the reverse step.
The principles and embodiments of the present invention are explained herein using specific examples, which are presented only to assist in understanding the method and its core concepts of the present invention. The foregoing is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, and it should be noted that there are objectively infinite specific structures due to the limited character expressions, and it will be apparent to those skilled in the art that a plurality of modifications, decorations or changes may be made without departing from the principle of the present invention, and the technical features described above may be combined in a suitable manner; such modifications, variations, combinations, or adaptations of the invention using its spirit and scope, as defined by the claims, may be directed to other uses and embodiments.

Claims (8)

1. The utility model provides a vegetable seed clearance sieve separator, includes base (1) and switch board (2), its characterized in that: the left end of the base (1) is fixedly connected with a control cabinet (2), one end of the base (1) is fixedly connected with a collecting hopper (7), a first collecting box (3) is arranged on the lower side of the collecting hopper (7), one end of the base (1) is fixedly connected with a screening device (5), the inner side of the top end of the base (1) is fixedly connected with a feeding device (4), the right end of the base (1) is fixedly connected with a processing device (6), the inner side of the right end of the collecting hopper (7) is fixedly connected with a second electric telescopic rod (10), the left end of the second electric telescopic rod (10) is fixedly connected with a guide hopper (9), the left end of the guide hopper (9) is fixedly connected with a baffle (8), the inner side of one end of the processing device (6) is fixedly connected with a second humidity sensor (11), and one end of the base (1) is provided, the screening device comprises a base (1), a first alarm lamp (13) is fixedly connected to the top end of the base (1), a second alarm lamp (14) is fixedly connected to the right end of the base (1), a screening device (5) comprises a screen (501), a transition frame (502), a connecting block (503), a limiting shaft (504), a fixing frame (505), a connecting rod (506), a crankshaft (507), a first motor (508), a rotating block (509), a first spring (510), a limiting pin (511) and a guide plate (512), the fixing frame (505) is fixedly connected to the inner side of the left end of the base (1), the first motor (508) is fixedly connected to the inner side of the right end of the fixing frame (505), the crankshaft (507) is fixedly connected to the tail end of a main shaft of the first motor (508), the crankshaft (507) is rotatably connected with the fixing frame (505), the connecting rod (506) is rotatably connected to the outer side of the crankshaft (507), and the connecting, and connecting block (503) and mount (505) sliding connection, the one end inboard of connecting block (503) all rotates with the one end of base (1) and is connected with commentaries on classics piece (509), the top of changeing piece (509) is provided with screen cloth (501), the one end of screen cloth (501) is provided with transition frame (502), and transition frame (502) and commentaries on classics piece (509) block, the bottom fixedly connected with deflector (512) of screen cloth (501).
2. A rapeseed cleaning and screening machine according to claim 1, characterized in that: the inboard sliding connection of one end of commentaries on classics piece (509) has spacer pin (511), the outside of spacer pin (511) is provided with first spring (510), and the both ends of first spring (510) respectively with spacer pin (511) and commentaries on classics piece (509) fixed connection.
3. A rapeseed cleaning and screening machine according to claim 1, characterized in that: the inner side of the bottom end of the connecting block (503) is connected with a limiting shaft (504) in a sliding mode, the limiting shaft (504) is fixedly connected with the fixing frame (505), the number of the limiting shafts (504) is two, and the limiting shafts are symmetrically distributed on the left side and the right side of the vertical center line of the fixing frame (505).
4. A rapeseed cleaning and screening machine according to claim 1, characterized in that: the feeding device (4) comprises a feeding hopper (401), a rocker (402), a push rod (403), a push block (404), a first electric telescopic rod (405) and a protective shell (406), wherein the feeding hopper (401) is fixedly connected to the inner side of the top end of the base (1), the protective shell (406) is fixedly connected to the inner side of the right end of the feeding hopper (401), and the first electric telescopic rod (405) is fixedly connected to the inner side of the right end of the protective shell (406).
5. A rapeseed cleaning and screening machine according to claim 4, characterized in that: the left end of the first electric telescopic rod (405) is connected with a push rod (403) in a rotating mode through a hinge, the left end of the push rod (403) is connected with a rocker (402) in a rotating mode through the hinge, and the rocker (402) is connected with the feeding hopper (401) in a rotating mode.
6. A rapeseed cleaning and screening machine according to claim 1, characterized in that: the treatment device (6) comprises a treatment box (601), a door plate (602), a handle (603), a drying shell (604), a heating wire (605), a fan (606), a clamping seat (607), a limiting plate (608), a filter screen (609), a fixing rod (610), a ventilation cylinder (611), an end cover (612), a second spring (613), a connecting seat (614), a first humidity sensor (615), a second motor (616) and a lifting plate (617), wherein the right end of the base (1) is fixedly connected with the drying shell (604) which is vertically arranged, the fixing rod (610) which is horizontally arranged is fixedly connected to the inner side of the left end of the drying shell (604), the fan (606) is fixedly connected to the bottom end of the fixing rod (610), the heating wire (605) is arranged on the lower side of the fan (606), and the heating wire (605) is fixedly connected with the drying shell (604.
7. A rapeseed cleaning and screening machine according to claim 6, characterized in that: the utility model discloses a drying device, including dry shell (604), the inboard fixedly connected with connecting seat (614) of left end of dry shell (604), the inboard fixedly connected with second spring (613) of left end of connecting seat (614), the right-hand member of second spring (613) is provided with filter screen (609), and filter screen (609) and dry shell (604) sliding connection, the right-hand member fixedly connected with cassette (607) of dry shell (604), the inboard sliding connection of cassette (607) has limiting plate (608), and limiting plate (608) and filter screen (609) contact.
8. A rapeseed cleaning and screening machine according to claim 6, characterized in that: the left end of the drying shell (604) is communicated with a treatment box (601) through a pipeline, the inner side of the right end of the treatment box (601) is spirally connected with a door plate (602), the right end of the door plate (602) is fixedly connected with a handle (603), the inner side of the right end of the treatment box (601) is fixedly connected with a second motor (616), the tail end of a main shaft of the second motor (616) is fixedly connected with a ventilation cylinder (611), air holes are formed in the inner side of the periphery of the ventilation cylinder (611), the inner side of the top end of the drying shell (604) is spirally connected with an end cover (612), and the inner side of the ventilation cylinder (611) is fixedly connected with a lifting plate.
CN201911071609.7A 2019-11-05 2019-11-05 Rapeseed cleaning and screening machine Active CN110773423B (en)

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Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DK159247B (en) * 1982-03-03 1990-09-24 Kamas Ind Ab DEVICE FOR SORTING AND CLEANING MACHINES WITH A SALT
CN104214766A (en) * 2014-09-17 2014-12-17 苏州新协力环保科技有限公司 Biomass particle burner with automatic drying function
CN107838003A (en) * 2017-10-27 2018-03-27 张景云 Impurity cleaning equipment is used in a kind of feed manufacture
CN207271653U (en) * 2017-09-01 2018-04-27 重庆市开县钦穂桹油有限责任公司 A kind of rice deep processing color selector
CN108672276A (en) * 2018-03-30 2018-10-19 句容宇发农业发展有限公司 A kind of vertically shaking cereal screen apparatus
CN110270500A (en) * 2018-03-15 2019-09-24 湖北乾奥建设工程有限公司 A kind of construction sand drying and grading plant

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DK159247B (en) * 1982-03-03 1990-09-24 Kamas Ind Ab DEVICE FOR SORTING AND CLEANING MACHINES WITH A SALT
CN104214766A (en) * 2014-09-17 2014-12-17 苏州新协力环保科技有限公司 Biomass particle burner with automatic drying function
CN207271653U (en) * 2017-09-01 2018-04-27 重庆市开县钦穂桹油有限责任公司 A kind of rice deep processing color selector
CN107838003A (en) * 2017-10-27 2018-03-27 张景云 Impurity cleaning equipment is used in a kind of feed manufacture
CN110270500A (en) * 2018-03-15 2019-09-24 湖北乾奥建设工程有限公司 A kind of construction sand drying and grading plant
CN108672276A (en) * 2018-03-30 2018-10-19 句容宇发农业发展有限公司 A kind of vertically shaking cereal screen apparatus

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