CN110762953A - Tunnel type wood drying box - Google Patents

Tunnel type wood drying box Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110762953A
CN110762953A CN201910986503.3A CN201910986503A CN110762953A CN 110762953 A CN110762953 A CN 110762953A CN 201910986503 A CN201910986503 A CN 201910986503A CN 110762953 A CN110762953 A CN 110762953A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
drying box
box
case
air
tunnel type
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201910986503.3A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
易国红
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Anhui Fuhuang Wood Industry Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Anhui Fuhuang Wood Industry Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Anhui Fuhuang Wood Industry Co Ltd filed Critical Anhui Fuhuang Wood Industry Co Ltd
Priority to CN201910986503.3A priority Critical patent/CN110762953A/en
Publication of CN110762953A publication Critical patent/CN110762953A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B9/00Machines or apparatus for drying solid materials or objects at rest or with only local agitation; Domestic airing cupboards
    • F26B9/06Machines or apparatus for drying solid materials or objects at rest or with only local agitation; Domestic airing cupboards in stationary drums or chambers
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B21/00Arrangements or duct systems, e.g. in combination with pallet boxes, for supplying and controlling air or gases for drying solid materials or objects
    • F26B21/004Nozzle assemblies; Air knives; Air distributors; Blow boxes
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B21/00Arrangements or duct systems, e.g. in combination with pallet boxes, for supplying and controlling air or gases for drying solid materials or objects
    • F26B21/02Circulating air or gases in closed cycles, e.g. wholly within the drying enclosure
    • F26B21/04Circulating air or gases in closed cycles, e.g. wholly within the drying enclosure partly outside the drying enclosure
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B21/00Arrangements or duct systems, e.g. in combination with pallet boxes, for supplying and controlling air or gases for drying solid materials or objects
    • F26B21/06Controlling, e.g. regulating, parameters of gas supply
    • F26B21/08Humidity
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B25/00Details of general application not covered by group F26B21/00 or F26B23/00
    • F26B25/06Chambers, containers, or receptacles
    • F26B25/14Chambers, containers, receptacles of simple construction
    • F26B25/18Chambers, containers, receptacles of simple construction mainly open, e.g. dish, tray, pan, rack
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B2210/00Drying processes and machines for solid objects characterised by the specific requirements of the drying good
    • F26B2210/16Wood, e.g. lumber, timber

Abstract

The invention discloses a tunnel type wood drying box body which comprises a drying box, an air inlet box, a return air box and a dehumidifying box, wherein the air inlet box is arranged at the lower end of the drying box; when the drying box is used, external air enters the air return box through the air inlet box, further enters the upper end of the inner part of the drying box through the air return box, wood to be dried in the drying box is dried through wind blowing from top to bottom, air with moisture after drying is dehumidified in the dehumidifying box at the lower end of one side of the drying box, the dehumidified air enters the upper end of the drying box again, and the wood to be dried in the drying box is dried through wind blowing from top to bottom in a circulating mode.

Description

Tunnel type wood drying box
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of wood drying, in particular to a tunnel type wood drying box body.
Background
When the raw wood is roughly processed, the raw wood needs to be cut into one wood board, and because the raw wood is not completely dried by air, the raw wood usually has moisture and humidity, and after the cutting is finished, each wood board needs to be dried. The traditional treatment mode is to place the wood board in an idle place and wait for the wood board to be automatically air-dried, but the automatic air-drying has potential safety hazards, such as corrosion caused by pests or changes of textures and colors, and is not beneficial to later-stage production. Therefore, the board drying box is used for automatically drying the boards, but due to the structural defect of the board drying box, only the boards with the same thickness can be dried, and the application is not flexible.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a tunnel type wood drying box body, which utilizes air at the upper end of the drying box to dry wood on a silk screen tray on a support frame from top to bottom, so that the wood on the silk screen tray is uniformly heated integrally, and the drying speed is improved.
The purpose of the invention can be realized by the following technical scheme:
the utility model provides a tunnel type timber stoving box, includes stoving case, air inlet case, return air case and dehumidification case, stoving case lower extreme is equipped with the air inlet case, and stoving case one side is equipped with return air case, and stoving case opposite side is equipped with the dehumidification case, and return air case lower extreme and air inlet case intercommunication, return air case and stoving case upper end intercommunication, dehumidification case and stoving case lower extreme and upper end all communicate, and the air inlet case communicates with the external world.
Further, the inner wall of the upper end of the drying box is provided with rotating motors distributed in an array mode, the lower end of each rotating motor is provided with a rotating shaft, and the top end of each rotating shaft is provided with a rotating fan.
Further, stoving case front end is the opening form, and stoving incasement wall is equipped with the support frame combination that the array distributes, and the support frame combination is including the support frame that supports the distribution, support frame and stoving incasement wall fastening connection.
Furthermore, the upper end of the support frame is provided with a rolling groove, a rolling shaft is arranged in the rolling groove, the rolling shaft is rotatably connected with the inner wall of the rolling groove, and the rolling shaft is provided with a roller.
Furthermore, the support frame lower extreme all is equipped with sharp electric jar, is equipped with the push pedal between the slider of the sharp electric jar of the support frame lower extreme of symmetric distribution, and the push pedal is the convex.
Further, the air inlet box inner wall is equipped with first backup pad, is equipped with a driving motor on the first backup pad, and a driving motor lower extreme is equipped with first drive shaft, and first drive shaft top is equipped with first induced draft fan.
Furthermore, a second support plate is arranged in the air return box and is in array distribution, the second support plate is in fastening connection with the inner wall of the air return box, air inlet holes are formed in the second support plate and are in array distribution, meanwhile, a second driving motor is arranged at the lower end of the second support plate and is in array distribution, a second driving shaft is arranged at the lower end of the second driving motor, and a second air suction fan is arranged at the top end of the second driving shaft.
Furthermore, a baffle is arranged at the communication position of the lower ends of the dehumidification box and the drying box, and communication holes distributed in an array are arranged on the baffle.
Furthermore, a dehumidifier is arranged in the dehumidification box.
Furthermore, the front end of the drying box is provided with symmetrically distributed closing doors, and the closing doors are rotatably connected with the front end of the drying box.
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. according to the invention, the wood on the wire mesh tray on the support frame is dried from top to bottom by utilizing the air at the upper end of the drying box, so that the whole wood on the wire mesh tray is uniformly heated, and the drying speed is improved;
2. according to the invention, the gas at the lower end of the drying box is dehumidified by using the dehumidifier in the dehumidifying box, the dehumidified gas enters the upper end of the drying box again, and the wood on the wire mesh tray is circularly dried, so that the air utilization rate is improved;
3. according to the invention, the linear electric cylinder drives the push plate to push the silk screen tray, so that the silk screen tray positioned in the drying box body is convenient to take out;
4. according to the invention, the air inlet box and the air return box are respectively provided with the first air suction fan and the second air suction fan, so that the external air entering the drying box is improved, and the drying efficiency of wood in the drying box is improved.
Drawings
The invention will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawings.
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of a tunnel type wood drying box body of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of a portion of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is an enlarged schematic view of the invention at A;
FIG. 4 is an enlarged schematic view of the invention at B;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of a portion of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is an enlarged view of the structure of the present invention at C;
FIG. 7 is a schematic view of a portion of the present invention;
fig. 8 is an enlarged schematic view of the present invention at D.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that the terms "opening," "upper," "lower," "thickness," "top," "middle," "length," "inner," "peripheral," and the like are used in an orientation or positional relationship that is merely for convenience in describing and simplifying the description, and do not indicate or imply that the referenced component or element must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and thus should not be considered as limiting the present invention.
As shown in fig. 1 and 2, a tunnel type wood drying box body comprises a drying box 1, an air inlet box 2, a return air box 3 and a dehumidifying box 4, wherein the lower end of the drying box 1 is provided with the air inlet box 2, one side of the drying box 1 is provided with the return air box 3, the other side of the drying box 1 is provided with the dehumidifying box 4, the lower end of the return air box 3 is communicated with the air inlet box 2, the return air box 3 is communicated with the upper end of the drying box 1, the dehumidifying box 4 is communicated with the lower end and the upper end of the drying box 1, and the air inlet box 2 is communicated with.
As shown in fig. 5, the inner wall of the upper end of the drying box 1 is provided with rotating motors 11 distributed in an array, the lower end of the rotating motor 11 is provided with a rotating shaft 12, and the top end of the rotating shaft 12 is provided with a rotating fan 13.
When the drying device is used, external air enters the air return box 3 from the air inlet box 2, further enters the upper end inside the drying box 1 from the air return box 3, wood to be dried in the drying box 1 is dried by blowing from top to bottom, air with moisture after drying is dehumidified in the dehumidifying box 4 at the lower end of one side of the drying box 1, the dehumidified air enters the upper end of the drying box 1 again, wood to be dried in the drying box 1 is dried by blowing from top to bottom in a circulating manner, meanwhile, the rotating motor 11 is started, the output end of the rotating motor 11 drives the rotating shaft 12 to rotate, the rotating shaft 12 drives the rotating fan 13 to rotate, the rotating fan 13 rotates to form downward penetrating power for the air entering the drying box 1 from the dehumidifying box 4 and the air return box 3, and drying of the wood to be dried is accelerated.
The front end of the drying box 1 is open, the inner wall of the drying box 1 is provided with support frame assemblies 5 distributed in an array manner, as shown in fig. 7, each support frame assembly 5 comprises support frames 51 distributed in a supporting manner, and the support frames 51 are fixedly connected with the inner wall of the drying box 1; a silk screen tray filled with wood to be dried is placed from the front end of the drying box 1 to the upper end of the support frame 51, and the drying box 1 dries the wood on the silk screen tray.
In order to solve the problem, as shown in fig. 8, rolling grooves 511 are formed in the upper ends of the supporting frames 51, rolling shafts 512 are arranged in the rolling grooves 511, the rolling shafts 512 are rotatably connected with the inner walls of the rolling grooves 511, and rollers 513 are arranged on the rolling shafts 512; the silk screen tray promotes the in-process, rolls through gyro wheel 513, reduces the driving force, and the silk screen tray of being convenient for promotes to inside the stoving box.
After the wood on the wire mesh tray is dried, the wire mesh tray is taken out manually in normal conditions, the wire mesh tray positioned in the drying box body has the problem of inconvenient taking out, in order to solve the problem, linear electric cylinders 6 are arranged at the lower ends of the supporting frames 51, push plates 61 are arranged between slide blocks of the linear electric cylinders 6 at the lower ends of the supporting frames 51 which are symmetrically distributed, and the push plates 61 are convex; the linear electric cylinder 6 is arranged at the top end inside the drying box body at the initial position, after wood on the screen tray is dried, the linear electric cylinder 6 is opened, the sliding block on the linear electric cylinder 6 drives the push plate 61 to push out the screen tray, the problem that the screen tray inside the drying box body is inconvenient to take out is solved, when the screen tray is completely taken out, the sliding block on the linear electric cylinder 6 is restored to the initial position, and as the linear electric cylinders 6 on different support frame combinations 5 of the invention are operated independently, the screen tray at the upper end of any one support frame combination 5 can be taken out according to actual requirements.
As shown in fig. 3, a first support plate 21 is disposed on an inner wall of the air inlet box 2, a first driving motor 22 is disposed on the first support plate 21, a first driving shaft 23 is disposed at a lower end of the first driving motor 22, and a first air suction fan 24 is disposed at a top end of the first driving shaft 23; the first driving motor 22 is started, the output end of the first driving motor 22 drives the first driving shaft 23 to rotate, the first driving shaft 23 rotates to drive the first air suction fan 24 to rotate, and the first air suction fan 24 rotates to accelerate the external air to enter the air inlet box 2.
The air return box 3 is internally provided with second support plates 31 distributed in an array, the second support plates 31 are fastened and connected with the inner wall of the air return box 3, as shown in fig. 6, the second support plates 31 are provided with air inlet holes 32 distributed in an array, meanwhile, the lower end of the second support plates 31 is provided with second driving motors 33 distributed in an array, the lower end of the second driving motors 33 is provided with second driving shafts 34, and the top ends of the second driving shafts 34 are provided with second suction fans 35; the second driving motor 33 is started, the output end of the second driving motor 33 drives the second driving shaft 34 to rotate, the second driving shaft 34 rotates to drive the second suction fan 35 to rotate, and the second suction fan 35 rotates to accelerate air in the air inlet box 2 to enter the air return box 3.
In order to prevent the wood on the wire mesh tray from being blown down by the rotating fan 13 to the lower end of the drying box 1 and sucked into the dehumidifying box 4, as shown in fig. 4, a baffle plate 41 is arranged at the communication position of the dehumidifying box 4 and the lower end of the drying box 1, and communication holes 411 distributed in an array are arranged on the baffle plate 41; when the wood on the wire tray is blown down to the lower end of the drying box 1 by the rotating fan 13, the wood on the wire tray is prevented from being sucked into the dehumidifying box 4 due to the blocking of the baffle plate 41.
A dehumidifier is arranged in the dehumidification box 4; the air with moisture entering from the drying box 1 is dehumidified by the dehumidifier.
The front end of the drying box 1 is provided with symmetrically distributed closing doors 7, and the closing doors 7 are rotatably connected with the front end of the drying box 1; the drying box 1 is closed or opened by a closing door 7.
In the description herein, references to the description of "one embodiment," "an example," "a specific example" or the like are intended to mean that a particular feature, structure, material, or characteristic described in connection with the embodiment or example is included in at least one embodiment or example of the invention. In this specification, the schematic representations of the terms used above do not necessarily refer to the same embodiment or example. Furthermore, the particular features, structures, materials, or characteristics described may be combined in any suitable manner in any one or more embodiments or examples.
The foregoing shows and describes the general principles, essential features, and advantages of the invention. It will be understood by those skilled in the art that the present invention is not limited to the embodiments described above, which are described in the specification and illustrated only to illustrate the principle of the present invention, but that various changes and modifications may be made therein without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, which fall within the scope of the invention as claimed.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a tunnel type timber stoving box, includes stoving case (1), air inlet case (2), return-air case (3) and dehumidification case (4), its characterized in that, stoving case (1) lower extreme is equipped with air inlet case (2), and stoving case (1) one side is equipped with return-air case (3), and stoving case (1) opposite side is equipped with dehumidification case (4), and return-air case (3) lower extreme and air inlet case (2) intercommunication, return-air case (3) and stoving case (1) upper end intercommunication, dehumidification case (4) and stoving case (1) lower extreme and upper end all communicate, and air inlet case (2) communicate with the external world.
2. The tunnel type wood drying box body according to claim 1, characterized in that the inner wall of the upper end of the drying box (1) is provided with rotating motors (11) distributed in an array, the lower end of each rotating motor (11) is provided with a rotating shaft (12), and the top end of each rotating shaft (12) is provided with a rotating fan (13).
3. The tunnel type wood drying box body according to claim 1, wherein the front end of the drying box (1) is open, the inner wall of the drying box (1) is provided with support frame assemblies (5) distributed in an array manner, each support frame assembly (5) comprises support frames (51) distributed in a supporting manner, and the support frames (51) are fixedly connected with the inner wall of the drying box (1).
4. The tunnel type wood drying box body as claimed in claim 3, wherein the upper ends of the supporting frames (51) are respectively provided with a rolling groove (511), a rolling shaft (512) is arranged in each rolling groove (511), the rolling shaft (512) is rotatably connected with the inner wall of each rolling groove (511), and rollers (513) are arranged on the rolling shafts (512).
5. The tunnel type wood drying box body according to claim 3, characterized in that linear electric cylinders (6) are arranged at the lower ends of the supporting frames (51), push plates (61) are arranged between the sliding blocks of the linear electric cylinders (6) at the lower ends of the supporting frames (51) which are symmetrically distributed, and the push plates (61) are convex.
6. The tunnel type wood drying box body as claimed in claim 1, wherein the inner wall of the air inlet box (2) is provided with a first supporting plate (21), the first supporting plate (21) is provided with a first driving motor (22), the lower end of the first driving motor (22) is provided with a first driving shaft (23), and the top end of the first driving shaft (23) is provided with a first air suction fan (24).
7. The tunnel type wood drying box body according to claim 1, wherein the air return box (3) is internally provided with second support plates (31) which are distributed in an array, the second support plates (31) are tightly connected with the inner wall of the air return box (3), the second support plates (31) are provided with air inlet holes (32) which are distributed in an array, meanwhile, the lower end of the second support plates (31) is provided with second driving motors (33) which are distributed in an array, the lower end of the second driving motor (33) is provided with a second driving shaft (34), and the top end of the second driving shaft (34) is provided with a second air suction fan (35).
8. The tunnel type wood drying box body according to claim 1, wherein a baffle (41) is arranged at the communication position of the lower ends of the dehumidification box (4) and the drying box (1), and communication holes (411) distributed in an array are arranged on the baffle (41).
9. A tunnel wood drying cabinet according to claim 1, characterised in that the dehumidifying cabinet (4) incorporates a dehumidifier.
10. The tunnel type wood drying box body according to claim 1, characterized in that the front end of the drying box (1) is provided with symmetrically distributed closing doors (7), and the closing doors (7) are rotatably connected with the front end of the drying box (1).
CN201910986503.3A 2019-10-17 2019-10-17 Tunnel type wood drying box Pending CN110762953A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910986503.3A CN110762953A (en) 2019-10-17 2019-10-17 Tunnel type wood drying box

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910986503.3A CN110762953A (en) 2019-10-17 2019-10-17 Tunnel type wood drying box

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN110762953A true CN110762953A (en) 2020-02-07

Family

ID=69332262

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201910986503.3A Pending CN110762953A (en) 2019-10-17 2019-10-17 Tunnel type wood drying box

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN110762953A (en)

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104964525A (en) * 2015-07-01 2015-10-07 天津市傲绿农副产品集团股份有限公司 Heat pump type fruit and vegetable drying machine
CN205279634U (en) * 2016-01-11 2016-06-01 湘潭大学兴湘学院 Board -like timber drying apparatus of hot -blast two -way flow
CN206037610U (en) * 2016-07-22 2017-03-22 广西城市职业学院 But waste heat recycle's timber drying equipment
CN207674836U (en) * 2017-11-16 2018-07-31 福建省建瓯市华鑫竹木制品有限公司 A kind of tunnel type bamboo timber drier
CN109140928A (en) * 2018-08-29 2019-01-04 天津瑞岭科技发展有限公司 Pneumatic conveying dryer

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104964525A (en) * 2015-07-01 2015-10-07 天津市傲绿农副产品集团股份有限公司 Heat pump type fruit and vegetable drying machine
CN205279634U (en) * 2016-01-11 2016-06-01 湘潭大学兴湘学院 Board -like timber drying apparatus of hot -blast two -way flow
CN206037610U (en) * 2016-07-22 2017-03-22 广西城市职业学院 But waste heat recycle's timber drying equipment
CN207674836U (en) * 2017-11-16 2018-07-31 福建省建瓯市华鑫竹木制品有限公司 A kind of tunnel type bamboo timber drier
CN109140928A (en) * 2018-08-29 2019-01-04 天津瑞岭科技发展有限公司 Pneumatic conveying dryer

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Application publication date: 20200207