CN110756555A - Intelligent garbage recycling system - Google Patents

Intelligent garbage recycling system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110756555A
CN110756555A CN201911052894.8A CN201911052894A CN110756555A CN 110756555 A CN110756555 A CN 110756555A CN 201911052894 A CN201911052894 A CN 201911052894A CN 110756555 A CN110756555 A CN 110756555A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
garbage
cylinder
garbage recycling
fertilizer
compartment
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201911052894.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
郭瑞
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Home Enterprise Guangdong Environmental Technology Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Home Enterprise Guangdong Environmental Technology Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Home Enterprise Guangdong Environmental Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Home Enterprise Guangdong Environmental Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN201911052894.8A priority Critical patent/CN110756555A/en
Publication of CN110756555A publication Critical patent/CN110756555A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE
    • B09B3/00Destroying solid waste or transforming solid waste into something useful or harmless
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65FGATHERING OR REMOVAL OF DOMESTIC OR LIKE REFUSE
    • B65F1/00Refuse receptacles; Accessories therefor
    • B65F1/0033Refuse receptacles; Accessories therefor specially adapted for segregated refuse collecting, e.g. receptacles with several compartments; Combination of receptacles
    • B65F1/004Refuse receptacles; Accessories therefor specially adapted for segregated refuse collecting, e.g. receptacles with several compartments; Combination of receptacles the receptacles being divided in compartments by partitions
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65FGATHERING OR REMOVAL OF DOMESTIC OR LIKE REFUSE
    • B65F1/00Refuse receptacles; Accessories therefor
    • B65F1/12Refuse receptacles; Accessories therefor with devices facilitating emptying
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F9/00Fertilisers from household or town refuse
    • C05F9/02Apparatus for the manufacture
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE
    • B09B2101/00Type of solid waste
    • B09B2101/02Gases or liquids enclosed in discarded articles, e.g. aerosol cans or cooling systems of refrigerators
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/20Fertilizers of biological origin, e.g. guano or fertilizers made from animal corpses
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/10Waste collection, transportation, transfer or storage, e.g. segregated refuse collecting, electric or hybrid propulsion

Abstract

The invention discloses an intelligent garbage recycling system, which belongs to the technical field of garbage treatment and comprises a garbage recycling box arranged on the ground, wherein the garbage recycling box is divided into four compartments for classifying and recycling garbage, the compartment for placing kitchen garbage in the garbage recycling box is connected with a treatment device for preparing fertilizer from the kitchen garbage, and the treatment device is connected with an automatic fertilizer applicator for automatically adding the prepared fertilizer into soil; the processing device comprises a crushing mechanism which is fixedly arranged under the ground and connected with a compartment for recovering kitchen waste in a waste recovery box, a draining mechanism for separating the crushed kitchen waste from water is connected to the crushing mechanism, a fermentation mechanism for degrading and fermenting the kitchen waste is connected to the draining mechanism, an automatic fertilizer stacker is connected with the fermentation mechanism and automatically prepares fertilizer produced by the fermentation mechanism, and the processing device has the effects of recovering, preparing fertilizer and recycling the kitchen waste.

Description

Intelligent garbage recycling system
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of garbage treatment, in particular to an intelligent garbage recycling system.
Background
The garbage is solid waste generated in daily life and production of human beings, has large discharge amount, complex and various components, pollution, resource and socialization, needs harmless, resource, reduction and socialization treatment, and can pollute the environment, influence the environmental sanitation, waste resources, destroy the safety of production and life and destroy the social harmony if the garbage cannot be properly treated. The garbage disposal is to rapidly remove the garbage, perform harmless treatment and finally reasonably utilize the garbage. The garbage disposal methods widely used today are sanitary landfills, high temperature composting and incineration. The purpose of garbage treatment is harmlessness, resource utilization and reduction.
The kitchen waste is a domestic waste formed in the process of domestic consumption of residents, is extremely easy to rot and deteriorate, emits foul smell and spreads bacteria and viruses. The main components of the kitchen waste comprise rice and flour food residues, vegetables, animal and vegetable oil, meat and bones and the like, and the kitchen waste comprises starch, cellulose, protein, lipid and inorganic salt in terms of chemical composition. The kitchen waste is mainly characterized by rich organic matter content, and experts think that the kitchen waste rich in nutrition is a precious renewable resource. However, as the method has not been regarded as important yet and the disposal method is inappropriate, it has become a potential hazard source affecting food safety and ecological safety. Although improper disposal can have serious consequences, kitchen waste is not always available. The national committee for improvement, the jurissin, the chief deputy, indicates that the kitchen waste has the characteristics of wastes and resources, and is a typical 'resource which is misplaced'.
Therefore, the treatment and reuse of kitchen waste is an urgent problem to be solved.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide an intelligent garbage recycling system which can recycle, fertilizer and recycle kitchen garbage.
The technical purpose of the invention is realized by the following technical scheme:
an intelligent garbage recycling system comprises a garbage recycling bin arranged on the ground, wherein the garbage recycling bin is divided into four compartments for classifying and recycling garbage, the compartment for containing kitchen garbage in the garbage recycling bin is connected with a treatment device for preparing fertilizer from the kitchen garbage, and the treatment device is connected with an automatic fertilizer applicator for automatically adding the prepared fertilizer into soil; the processing device comprises a crushing mechanism which is fixedly arranged under the ground and connected with a compartment for recycling kitchen garbage in a garbage recycling box, a draining mechanism for separating the crushed kitchen garbage from water is connected to the crushing mechanism, a fermentation mechanism for degrading and fermenting the kitchen garbage is connected to the draining mechanism, and the automatic fertilizer stacker is connected with the fermentation mechanism and automatically manufactures fertilizer produced by the fermentation mechanism.
Through adopting above-mentioned scheme, place kitchen garbage in the compartment that garbage collection box corresponds, kitchen garbage in the garbage collection box automatically gets into crushing mechanism in, crushing mechanism smashes kitchen garbage, smashed kitchen garbage enters into the waterlogging caused by excessive rainfall mechanism in, the moisture that contains in the kitchen garbage is thrown away to the waterlogging caused by excessive rainfall mechanism, the kitchen garbage after with the separation of water enters into fermentation mechanism, fermentation mechanism is to kitchen garbage fermentation and make the waste material, the fertilizer of making enters into automatic compost ware, automatic compost ware pours into rubbish into the underground into automatically, realize the recovery, the system fertilizer and the reuse of kitchen garbage.
The invention is further configured to: the crushing mechanism comprises a fixed box fixedly arranged on the garbage recycling box, the top and the bottom of the fixed box are both arranged in an open mode, two crushing rollers are connected in the fixed box in a rotating mode, one end of one of the crushing rollers is fixedly connected with a driving motor, and one ends, far away from the driving motor, of the two crushing rollers extend out of the fixed box and are fixedly connected with gear sets meshed with each other.
By adopting the scheme, kitchen waste falls to the fixed box through the garbage recycling box, the driving motor rotates, and the crushing roller in the fixed box is driven to crush the kitchen waste.
The invention is further configured to: the draining mechanism comprises a discharging channel fixedly arranged at the bottom of the fixed box, a fixed cylinder which is downwards inclined and arranged towards one end far away from the discharging channel is fixedly arranged on the discharging channel, a screen cylinder is rotatably connected in the fixed cylinder, and a driving assembly for driving the screen cylinder to rotate is connected on the screen cylinder.
By adopting the scheme, after the broken kitchen waste enters the screen drum, the driving assembly drives the drying drum to rotate, so that water in the kitchen waste entering the screen drum is thrown out, and the water value contained in the kitchen waste is reduced.
The invention is further configured to: the driving assembly comprises a first motor fixedly connected to the bottom of the blanking channel, a main gear is fixedly connected to an output shaft of the first motor, and an outer gear ring meshed with the main gear is fixedly arranged at one end, close to the blanking channel, of the screen drum in the circumferential direction.
Through adopting above-mentioned scheme, a motor rotates, can drive a sieve section of thick bamboo and rotate, and after the rubbish from cooking after the breakage was sieved a section of thick bamboo, a sieve section of thick bamboo rotated, and the mesh that makes among the rubbish from cooking is leached out through a sieve section of thick bamboo, can reach the effect of getting rid of moisture in the rubbish from cooking.
The invention is further configured to: the fermentation mechanism comprises a vertically arranged positioning cylinder, a horizontally arranged barrier is fixedly arranged in the middle of the positioning cylinder, a notch groove for kitchen waste to fall to the bottom of the positioning cylinder is formed in the barrier, a clamping groove is formed in the bottom of the positioning cylinder, a limiting plate is connected in a horizontally moving mode with water in the clamping groove, and through grooves with the same caliber as the notch groove are uniformly formed in the limiting plate; the top of a positioning cylinder is fixedly provided with a second motor, and an output shaft of the second motor vertically extends into the positioning cylinder and is fixedly connected with a plurality of groups of stirring blades along the axial direction.
Through adopting above-mentioned scheme, when degrading rubbish, need add the microorganism fungus to the rubbish from cooking in, add the microorganism fungus to the location section of thick bamboo in, stirring vane is microorganism fungus and the rubbish from cooking stirring, when pulling limiting plate to logical groove and breach groove intercommunication again, make the rubbish from cooking of piling up on the barrier drop to the bottom of location section of thick bamboo and degrade and ferment.
The invention is further configured to: the bottom of a location section of thick bamboo sets firmly the discharging pipe, and the one end of discharging pipe is connected with the bottom of a location section of thick bamboo, and the other end is connected with the automatic composting ware of pegging graft in the ground, sets up the through-hole that supplies fertilizer to enter into in the ground on the automatic composting ware, fixedly connected with delivery pump on the discharging pipe.
By adopting the scheme, the automatic fertilizer applicator is inserted into the ground, and the conveying pump can enable the fertilizer at the bottom of the positioning cylinder to enter the automatic fertilizer applicator through the discharging pipe and finally enter the ground through the automatic fertilizer applicator to apply the fertilizer to the ground.
The invention is further configured to: the top that the compartment is corresponded in the top of garbage collection box articulates there is the lid door, and the garbage collection box is located the compartment and is provided with the year flitch that the level set up, and it is articulated between one side of carrying the flitch and the garbage collection box, and the opposite side is the free end, carries the flitch and extends garbage collection box and fixedly connected with actuating lever with garbage collection box articulated one side, and one side that the garbage collection box is close to year flitch free end has set firmly the spring bolt, and the spring bolt extends to in the compartment of garbage collection box and butt in the bottom of carrying the flitch.
Through adopting above-mentioned scheme, spring bolt extends to in the compartment of garbage collection box and butt in the bottom that carries the flitch, plays the supporting role to carrying the flitch, opens the lid door and pours rubbish into on carrying the flitch, carries the flitch and can prevent that the rubbish stink of compartment bottom from outwards revealing, closes the lid door after, outwards stimulates spring bolt, makes the surplus rubbish in kitchen that carries the flitch on and pushes away the flitch and overturn downwards under the effect of gravity, is convenient for carry the surplus rubbish in kitchen on the flitch and drop to the compartment in.
The invention is further configured to: the discharge gate has been seted up to the position that the garbage collection case lateral wall is close to the bottom, and the lateral wall of garbage collection case has set firmly ejection of compact cylinder, and ejection of compact cylinder's cylinder body fixed connection is located the top of discharge gate in the garbage collection case, and ejection of compact cylinder's tailpiece of the piston rod portion has set firmly vertical sliding connection in the discharge gate of garbage collection case discharge gate department.
Through adopting above-mentioned scheme, ejection of compact cylinder's piston rod is withdrawed, can drive the discharge door upward movement in order to open the discharge gate, and the rubbish from cooking in the compartment of the garbage collection box of being convenient for enters into fixed incasement from the discharge gate.
The invention is further configured to: the garbage recycling bin is characterized in that a material guide plate which is obliquely arranged is arranged below the material carrying plate in the compartment of the garbage recycling bin, one end, close to the discharge port, of the material guide plate is downward inclined and hinged to the garbage recycling bin, a material pushing cylinder is hinged to the bottom of the end, far away from the discharge port, of the material guide plate, the cylinder body of the material pushing cylinder is hinged to the bottom of the compartment of the garbage recycling bin, and the end portion of a piston rod of the material pushing cylinder is hinged.
Through adopting above-mentioned scheme, pile up on the stock guide after carrying the surplus rubbish in kitchen on the stock guide to drop to the stock guide, the piston rod of ejection of compact cylinder withdraws, opens the discharge gate, and the piston rod extension that pushes away the material cylinder makes the stock guide overturn towards the direction of discharge gate, can pour out the rubbish on the stock guide from the discharge gate.
In conclusion, the invention has the following beneficial effects:
1. four compartments for classifying and recycling the garbage are separated from a garbage recycling box, the garbage recycling box is connected with a crushing mechanism which is fixedly arranged under the ground and is connected with a compartment for recycling kitchen garbage in the garbage recycling box, the crushing mechanism is connected with a draining mechanism for separating the crushed kitchen garbage from water, the draining mechanism is connected with a fermentation mechanism for degrading and fermenting the kitchen garbage, an automatic fertilizer stacker is connected with the fermentation mechanism and automatically produces fertilizer produced by the fermentation mechanism, the kitchen garbage is placed in the compartment corresponding to the garbage recycling box, the kitchen garbage in the garbage recycling box automatically enters the crushing mechanism, the crushing mechanism crushes the kitchen garbage, the crushed kitchen garbage enters the draining mechanism, the draining mechanism throws out water contained in the kitchen garbage, the kitchen garbage separated from the water enters the fermentation mechanism, and the fermentation mechanism ferments the kitchen garbage and produces waste, the prepared fertilizer enters an automatic composting device, and the automatic composting device automatically injects the garbage into the ground to realize the recovery, fertilizer preparation and reutilization of the kitchen garbage;
2. the fermentation mechanism comprises a vertically arranged positioning cylinder, a horizontally arranged barrier is fixedly arranged in the middle of the positioning cylinder, a notch groove for kitchen waste to fall to the bottom of the positioning cylinder is formed in the barrier, a clamping groove is formed in the positioning cylinder and located at the bottom of the barrier, a limiting plate is connected to the clamping groove in a horizontally moving mode, and through grooves with the same caliber as the notch groove are uniformly formed in the limiting plate; a second motor is fixedly arranged at the top of the positioning cylinder, an output shaft of the second motor vertically extends into the positioning cylinder and is fixedly connected with a plurality of groups of stirring blades along the axial direction of the positioning cylinder, when garbage is degraded, microbial bacteria need to be added into the kitchen garbage, the microbial bacteria are added into the positioning cylinder, the stirring blades uniformly stir the microbial bacteria and the kitchen garbage, and when the limiting plate is pulled until the through groove is communicated with the notch groove, the kitchen garbage accumulated on the barrier falls to the bottom of the positioning cylinder for degradation and fermentation;
3. the bottom through at a location section of thick bamboo has set firmly a discharging pipe, the one end of discharging pipe is connected with the bottom of a location section of thick bamboo, the other end is connected with the automatic composting ware of pegging graft in the ground, set up the through-hole that supplies fertilizer to enter into in the ground on the automatic composting ware, fixedly connected with delivery pump on the discharging pipe, automatic composting ware is pegged graft in the ground, the delivery pump can make the fertilizer of location bobbin base portion enter into automatic composting ware through the discharging pipe, enter into ground through automatic composting ware at last, fertilize ground.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is an isometric view of an embodiment;
FIG. 2 is a sectional view of the embodiment;
FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view of the waste bin;
FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view taken to highlight the spout;
FIG. 5 is a cross-sectional view of the crushing mechanism and the draining mechanism;
FIG. 6 is an exploded view of the crushing mechanism and the draining mechanism;
fig. 7 is a sectional view of the fermentation mechanism and the automatic composter.
In the figure, 01, the ground; 1. a garbage recycling bin; 11. a compartment; 12. covering the door; 121. a handle; 13. a material carrying plate; 14. a drive rod; 15. a spring bolt; 16. a discharge port; 161. a discharging cylinder; 162. a baffle plate; 17. a material guide plate; 171. a material pushing cylinder; 2. a processing device; 21. a crushing mechanism; 211. a fixed box; 212. a crushing roller; 213. a drive motor; 214. a gear set; 22. a draining mechanism; 221. a blanking channel; 222. a fixed cylinder; 2221. a drain pipe; 223. a screen cylinder; 224. a drive assembly; 2241. a first motor; 2242. a main gear; 2243. an outer ring gear; 23. a fermentation mechanism; 231. a positioning cylinder; 232. a feed inlet; 233. a barrier; 2331. a notch groove; 234. a card slot; 235. a limiting plate; 2351. a through groove; 2352. a hand-held portion; 236. a second motor; 237. a stirring blade; 3. an automatic composting device; 31. a discharge pipe; 32. a delivery pump; 33. and a through hole.
Detailed Description
An intelligent garbage recycling system is shown in fig. 1 and 2 and comprises a garbage recycling box 1 arranged on the ground 01, the garbage recycling box 1 is divided into four compartments 11 for classifying and recycling garbage, the four compartments 11 are used for containing recyclable garbage, harmful garbage, kitchen garbage and other garbage respectively, the compartments 11 for containing the kitchen garbage are connected with a processing device 2 for recycling and processing the kitchen garbage, and the processing device 2 is connected with an automatic fertilizer applicator 3 for automatically adding prepared fertilizer into soil. The kitchen waste is placed into the compartment 11 for recycling the kitchen waste, the waste in the compartment 11 enters the treatment device 2, the treatment device 2 automatically prepares the kitchen waste into fertilizer, and the automatic fertilizer applicator 3 can introduce the fertilizer into the ground 01, so that the kitchen waste is recycled and reused.
Referring to fig. 2 and 3, a cover door 12 is hinged to the top of the garbage collection box 1 corresponding to the top of the compartment 11, a handle 121 is fixedly arranged on the top of the cover door 12, a horizontally arranged material carrying plate 13 is arranged in the compartment 11 of the garbage collection box 1, one side of the material carrying plate 13 is hinged to the garbage collection box 1, the other side of the material carrying plate is a free end, the garbage collection box 1 extends from one side of the material carrying plate 13 hinged to the garbage collection box 1 and is fixedly connected with a driving rod 14, a spring bolt 15 is fixedly arranged on one side of the garbage collection box 1 close to the free end of the material carrying plate 13, and the spring bolt 15 extends into the compartment 11 of the garbage collection box 1 and abuts against the bottom of the material carrying plate 13 to support the material carrying plate 13; when placing kitchen garbage, upwards overturn the lid door 12, pour kitchen garbage into on carrying flitch 13, when needing to handle the rubbish on carrying flitch 13, outside pulling spring bolt 15 makes spring bolt 15 and the separation of carrying flitch 13, carries flitch 13 and overturns downwards under the effect of rubbish gravity, makes rubbish automatic drop to compartment 11 in, simultaneously, but manual rotation actuating lever 14, makes and carries flitch 13 upset downwards, or manual rotation actuating lever 14 makes and carries flitch 13 and reset to the level.
Referring to fig. 3 and 4, a discharge hole 16 is formed in a position, close to the bottom, of the side wall of the garbage collection box 1, a discharge cylinder 161 is fixedly arranged on the outer side wall of the garbage collection box 1, a cylinder body of the discharge cylinder 161 is fixedly connected to the garbage collection box 1 and located above the discharge hole 16, and a discharge door vertically connected to the discharge hole 16 of the garbage collection box 1 in a sliding manner is fixedly arranged at the end of a piston rod of the discharge cylinder 161; when the piston rod of the discharging cylinder 161 is retracted, the discharging cylinder 161 drives the discharging door to move upwards, so that the kitchen waste in the compartment 11 enters the processing device 2; a material guide plate 17 which is obliquely arranged is arranged below the material carrying plate 13 in the compartment 11 of the garbage recycling box 1, one end, close to the material outlet 16, of the material guide plate 17 is downward inclined and hinged with the garbage recycling box 1, the bottom of one end, far away from the material outlet 16, of the material guide plate 17 is hinged with a material pushing cylinder 171, a cylinder body of the material pushing cylinder 171 is hinged with the bottom of the compartment 11 of the garbage recycling box 1, the end part of a piston rod of the material pushing cylinder 171 is hinged with the bottom of the material guide plate 17, kitchen garbage on the material carrying plate 13 falls onto the material guide plate 17 and then is accumulated on the material guide plate 17, a piston rod of the material outlet cylinder 161 is retracted, the material outlet 16 is opened, the piston rod of the material pushing cylinder 171 extends, the material guide plate 17 is enabled to.
Referring to fig. 5 and 6, the processing device 2 comprises a crushing mechanism 21 fixed under the ground 01 and connected with the discharge port 16 of the garbage recycling bin 1, a draining mechanism 22 connected with the crushing mechanism 21, and a fermentation mechanism 23 for degrading and fermenting the kitchen garbage. The crushing mechanism 21 comprises a fixed box 211 fixedly arranged on the garbage recycling bin 1, the top and the bottom of the fixed box 211 are both open, two crushing rollers 212 are connected in the fixed box 211 in a rotating mode, one end of one of the crushing rollers 212 is fixedly connected with a driving motor 213, and one ends, far away from the driving motor 213, of the two crushing rollers 212 extend out of the fixed box 211 and are fixedly connected with a gear set 214 meshed with each other. The kitchen waste falls into the fixed box 211 through the discharge port 16, and the driving motor 213 rotates to drive the crushing roller 212 in the fixed box 211 to crush the kitchen waste.
Referring to fig. 5 and 6, the draining mechanism 22 includes a discharging channel 221 fixed at the bottom of the fixed box 211, two ends of the discharging channel 221 are open, a fixed cylinder 222 inclined downwards towards one end far away from the discharging channel 221 is fixed on the discharging channel 221, a screen cylinder 223 is rotatably connected to the fixed cylinder 222, and a driving component 224 for driving the screen cylinder 223 to rotate is connected to the screen cylinder 223. The driving assembly 224 comprises a first motor 2241 fixedly connected to the bottom of the blanking channel 221, a main gear 2242 is fixedly connected to an output shaft of the first motor 2241, an outer gear ring 2243 meshed with the main gear 2242 is fixedly arranged at one end, close to the blanking channel 221, of the screen drum 223 in the circumferential direction, the first motor 2241 rotates to drive the screen drum 223 to rotate, and after the crushed kitchen waste is screened by the screen drum 223, the screen drum 223 rotates to enable water in the kitchen waste to be drained through meshes of the screen drum 223, so that an effect of removing water in the kitchen waste can be achieved; the bottom of the fixed cylinder 222 is fixedly provided with a drain pipe 2221, and the drain pipe 2221 can drain water drained by the screen cylinder 223 out of the fixed cylinder 222.
Referring to fig. 7, the fermentation mechanism 23 includes a vertically disposed positioning cylinder 231, and one end of the positioning cylinder 231 near the discharge pipe 31 is provided with a feed inlet 232 for allowing the kitchen waste in the screen cylinder 223 to enter the positioning cylinder 231; the middle part of the positioning cylinder 231 is fixedly provided with a horizontally arranged barrier 233, the barrier 233 is provided with a gap groove 2331 for kitchen waste to fall to the bottom of the positioning cylinder 231, the positioning cylinder 231 is positioned at the bottom of the barrier 233 and provided with a clamping groove 234, the clamping groove 234 is connected with a limiting plate 235 in a smooth moving manner, the limiting plate 235 is uniformly provided with a through groove 2351 with the same diameter as the gap groove 2331, one end of the limiting plate 235 extends out of the positioning cylinder 231 and is fixedly connected with a handheld part 2352, and when the limiting plate 235 is pulled until the through groove 2351 is communicated with the gap groove 2331, the kitchen waste accumulated on the barrier 233 falls to the bottom of the positioning cylinder 231; the top of a location section of thick bamboo 231 sets firmly motor two 236, and the output shaft of motor two 236 vertically extends to in the location section of thick bamboo 231 and along its axial fixedly connected with multiunit stirring vane 237, when degrading rubbish, need add the microorganism fungus to the rubbish from cooking, add the microorganism fungus to in the location section of thick bamboo 231, stirring vane 237 with microorganism fungus and the rubbish from cooking stirring, drop to location section of thick bamboo 231 bottom fermentation degradation through breach groove 2331 and logical groove 2351 at last.
Referring to fig. 7, a discharge pipe 31 is fixedly arranged at the bottom of the positioning cylinder 231, one end of the discharge pipe 31 is connected with the bottom of the positioning cylinder 231, the other end of the discharge pipe 31 is connected with the automatic composting device 3, the automatic composting device 3 is inserted into the ground 01, a through hole 33 for allowing fertilizer to enter the ground 01 is formed in the automatic composting device 3, a delivery pump 32 is fixedly connected to the discharge pipe 31, the delivery pump 32 can enable the fertilizer at the bottom of the positioning cylinder 231 to enter the automatic composting device 3 through the discharge pipe 31, and finally, the fertilizer enters the ground 01 through the automatic composting device 3 to fertilize the ground 01.
The use principle is as follows: the kitchen waste is poured into a compartment 11 corresponding to the garbage recycling bin 1 for recycling the kitchen waste, firstly, the cover door 12 is opened, the kitchen waste is poured onto the material carrying plate 13, then the cover door 12 is closed, and the spring bolt 15 is pulled outwards, so that the garbage on the material carrying plate 13 falls onto the material guide plate 17 under the action of gravity, and odor in the compartment 11 can be prevented from leaking outwards when the garbage is thrown; then, a piston rod of the discharging cylinder 161 extends to drive the baffle 162 to move upwards, the discharging port 16 is opened, a piston rod of the pushing cylinder 171 extends to pour kitchen waste on the guide plate 17 into the fixed box 211 through the discharging port 16, the driving motor 213 rotates to crush the kitchen waste by the crushing roller 212, the crushed kitchen waste enters the screen cylinder 223, the first motor 2241 drives the screen cylinder 223 to rotate to drain water contained in the kitchen waste out of the mesh, the drained kitchen waste enters the barrier 233 of the positioning cylinder 231, then the microbial bacteria are added, the second motor 236 drives the stirring blade 237 to stir the microbial bacteria and the kitchen waste uniformly, the handle 121 is pulled to enable the notch 2331 to coincide with the through groove 2351, and the mixture of the microbial bacteria and the kitchen waste on the barrier 233 falls to the bottom of the positioning cylinder 231 to be stored and fermented; finally, after a period of time, the kitchen waste is fermented into fertilizer, and the fertilizer at the bottom of the positioning cylinder 231 is conveyed into the automatic composter 3 by the conveying pump 32.
The embodiments of the present invention are preferred embodiments of the present invention, and the scope of the present invention is not limited by these embodiments, so: all equivalent changes made according to the structure, shape and principle of the invention are covered by the protection scope of the invention.

Claims (9)

1. The utility model provides an intelligence rubbish is retrieved and is recycled system, is including setting up garbage collection box (1) on ground (01), and four compartments (11) to the categorised recovery of rubbish are separated to garbage collection box (1), its characterized in that:
a compartment (11) for placing kitchen waste in the garbage recycling bin (1) is connected with a treatment device (2) for preparing fertilizer from the kitchen waste, and the treatment device (2) is connected with an automatic fertilizer applicator (3) for automatically adding the prepared fertilizer into soil;
the treatment device (2) comprises a crushing mechanism (21) fixedly arranged below the ground (01) and connected with a compartment (11) used for recovering kitchen waste in the garbage recovery box (1), the crushing mechanism (21) is connected with a draining mechanism (22) for separating the crushed kitchen waste from water, the draining mechanism (22) is connected with a fermentation mechanism (23) for degrading and fermenting the kitchen waste, and the automatic fertilizer stacking device (3) is connected with the fermentation mechanism (23) and automatically manufactures fertilizer produced by the fermentation mechanism (23).
2. The intelligent garbage recycling system according to claim 1, characterized in that: broken mechanism (21) is including setting firmly fixed case (211) on garbage collection box (1), and the top and the equal uncovered setting in bottom of fixed case (211), and fixed case (211) internal rotation is connected with two crushing rollers (212), and the one end fixedly connected with driving motor (213) of one of them crushing roller (212), the one end that driving motor (213) were kept away from in two crushing rollers (212) extends fixed case (211) and fixedly connected with intermeshing's gear train (214).
3. The intelligent garbage recycling system according to claim 2, characterized in that: draining mechanism (22) sets firmly fixed section of thick bamboo (222) of setting up to keeping away from unloading passageway (221) one end downward sloping including setting firmly in unloading passageway (221) bottom on unloading passageway (221), and fixed section of thick bamboo (222) internal rotation is connected with a sieve section of thick bamboo (223), is connected with drive sieve section of thick bamboo (223) pivoted drive assembly (224) on sieve section of thick bamboo (223).
4. The intelligent garbage recycling system according to claim 3, characterized in that: drive assembly (224) are including fixed connection in motor one (2241) of unloading passageway (221) bottom, fixedly connected with master gear (2242) on the output shaft of motor one (2241), and one end circumference that sieve section of thick bamboo (223) are close to unloading passageway (221) sets firmly outer ring gear (2243) with master gear (2242) meshing.
5. The intelligent garbage recycling system according to claim 1, characterized in that:
the fermentation mechanism (23) comprises a vertically arranged positioning cylinder (231), a horizontally arranged barrier (233) is fixedly arranged in the middle of the positioning cylinder (231), a notch groove (2331) for kitchen waste to fall to the bottom of the positioning cylinder (231) is formed in the barrier (233), a clamping groove (234) is formed in the bottom of the positioning cylinder (231) positioned at the barrier (233), a limiting plate (235) is connected with the water in the clamping groove (234) in a smooth moving mode, and through grooves (2351) with the same caliber as that of the notch groove (2331) are uniformly formed in the limiting plate (235);
the top of the positioning cylinder (231) is fixedly provided with a second motor (236), and an output shaft of the second motor (236) vertically extends into the positioning cylinder (231) and is fixedly connected with a plurality of groups of stirring blades (237) along the axial direction.
6. The intelligent garbage recycling system according to claim 5, characterized in that: the bottom of a positioning barrel (231) is fixedly provided with a discharge pipe (31), one end of the discharge pipe (31) is connected with the bottom of the positioning barrel (231), the other end of the discharge pipe is connected with an automatic composting device (3) inserted into the ground (01), a through hole (33) for fertilizer to enter the ground (01) is formed in the automatic composting device (3), and the discharge pipe (31) is fixedly connected with a delivery pump (32).
7. The intelligent garbage recycling system according to claim 1, characterized in that: the top that the compartment (11) is corresponded in the top of rubbish collection box (1) articulates there is lid door (12), rubbish collection box (1) is located compartment (11) and is provided with the material carrying plate (13) that the level set up, it is articulated between one side of material carrying plate (13) and rubbish collection box (1), the opposite side is the free end, carry material carrying plate (13) and rubbish collection box (1) articulated one side and extend rubbish collection box (1) and fixedly connected with actuating lever (14), one side that rubbish collection box (1) is close to material carrying plate (13) free end has set firmly spring bolt (15), spring bolt (15) extend to in compartment (11) of rubbish collection box (1) and butt in the bottom that carries material plate (13).
8. The intelligent garbage recycling system according to claim 1, characterized in that: discharge gate (16) have been seted up to the position that garbage collection case (1) lateral wall is close to the bottom, and the lateral wall of garbage collection case (1) has set firmly ejection of compact cylinder (161), and the cylinder body fixed connection of ejection of compact cylinder (161) is located the top of discharge gate (16) in garbage collection case (1), and the tailpiece of the piston rod portion of ejection of compact cylinder (161) has set firmly vertical sliding connection in the discharge door of garbage collection case (1) discharge gate (16) department.
9. The intelligent garbage recycling system according to claim 8, characterized in that: the garbage recycling bin is characterized in that a material guide plate (17) is obliquely arranged below the material carrying plate (13) in the compartment (11) of the garbage recycling bin (1), one end, close to the discharge port (16), of the material guide plate (17) inclines downwards and is hinged to the garbage recycling bin (1), the bottom of the end, away from the discharge port (16), of the material guide plate (17) is hinged to a material pushing cylinder (171), a cylinder body of the material pushing cylinder (171) is hinged to the bottom of the compartment (11) of the garbage recycling bin (1), and the end part of a piston rod of the material pushing cylinder (171) is hinged to the bottom of the material guide plate (17).
CN201911052894.8A 2019-10-31 2019-10-31 Intelligent garbage recycling system Pending CN110756555A (en)

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Application publication date: 20200207