CN110735438B - High stability ecological landscape slope protection structure - Google Patents

High stability ecological landscape slope protection structure Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110735438B
CN110735438B CN201911029219.3A CN201911029219A CN110735438B CN 110735438 B CN110735438 B CN 110735438B CN 201911029219 A CN201911029219 A CN 201911029219A CN 110735438 B CN110735438 B CN 110735438B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fastening
slope
layer
ecological
laid
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CN201911029219.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN110735438A (en
Inventor
吴卿
杨峰
祝云宪
张璐
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Administration Of Chushandian Reservoir Of Henan Province
North China University of Water Resources and Electric Power
Original Assignee
Administration Of Chushandian Reservoir Of Henan Province
North China University of Water Resources and Electric Power
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Priority to CN201911029219.3A priority Critical patent/CN110735438B/en
Publication of CN110735438A publication Critical patent/CN110735438A/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D17/00Excavations; Bordering of excavations; Making embankments
    • E02D17/20Securing of slopes or inclines
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • A01G24/40Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor characterised by their structure
    • A01G24/44Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor characterised by their structure in block, mat or sheet form
    • A01G24/46Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor characterised by their structure in block, mat or sheet form multi-layered
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D3/00Improving or preserving soil or rock, e.g. preserving permafrost soil
    • E02D3/02Improving by compacting
    • E02D3/10Improving by compacting by watering, draining, de-aerating or blasting, e.g. by installing sand or wick drains

Abstract

The invention discloses a high-stability ecological landscape slope protection structure which comprises a slope body, a lining layer, a drainage plate, a drainage hole, a slope fixing net rack, fastening components, ecological concrete, fastening holes, mounting grooves, a flow guide side ditch and a wave-proof retaining wall, wherein the lining layer is laid and mounted on one side of the slope body, the drainage plate is laid on the outer side of the lining layer, the drainage hole is formed in one end of the bottom of the drainage plate, the ecological concrete is laid on the outer side of the drainage plate, the slope fixing net rack is mounted on the outer side of the ecological concrete, and the fastening components are arranged on the periphery of the slope fixing net rack; the high-stability ecological landscape slope protection structure is simple in structure, and when the slope protection structure is used, the slope fixing net rack is fixedly arranged on the outer side of ecological concrete through the fastening assembly, so that the ecological concrete and the mortar masonry block stone lining are laid on the surface of a slope body, and the slope body is firmly fixed; meanwhile, the ecological concrete has better anti-scouring performance, and is beneficial to improving the structural stability of the slope body.

Description

High stability ecological landscape slope protection structure
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of slope protection, in particular to a high-stability ecological landscape slope protection structure.
Background
Along with the gradual improvement of the living standard of people, the requirements on the living environment are also increasingly improved; the requirements on the environment are gradually raised for the treatment of the side slope, and the call sound of the ecological treatment and the landscape environment is higher and higher; traditional slope protection structure, the structure is crude, and viewing effect is relatively poor, when using, has the relatively poor problem of structural stability to lead to taking place the condition that drops easily, consequently, it is very necessary to design a high stability ecological landscape slope protection structure.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a high-stability ecological landscape slope protection structure which is simple in structure and good in ornamental effect, and when the slope protection structure is used, a slope fixing net rack is fixedly arranged on the outer side of ecological concrete through a fastening assembly, so that the ecological concrete and a mortar masonry block stone lining are paved on the surface of a slope body, and the slope body is firmly fixed; meanwhile, the ecological concrete has better anti-scouring performance, and is beneficial to improving the structural stability of the slope body.
The purpose of the invention can be realized by the following technical scheme:
a high-stability ecological landscape slope protection structure comprises a slope body, a lining layer, a drainage plate, drainage holes, a slope fixing net rack, fastening components, ecological concrete, fastening holes, mounting grooves, a flow guide side ditch and a wave-proof retaining wall, wherein the lining layer is laid on one side of the slope body, the drainage plate is laid on the outer side of the lining layer, the drainage holes are formed in one end of the bottom of the drainage plate, the ecological concrete is laid on the outer side of the drainage plate, the slope fixing net rack is mounted on the outer side of the ecological concrete, and the fastening components are arranged on the periphery of the slope fixing net rack;
the fastening assembly comprises a fastening insertion shaft, a guide sleeve, a fastening groove, a push rod, a fastening spring, an installation lug, a sliding groove, a limiting fixture block and a sliding plate, the guide sleeve penetrates through a slope fixing net rack, ecological concrete and a slope body fixed connection, the fastening insertion shaft is installed in the guide sleeve in an inserting mode, the fastening groove is formed in each of two sides of one end of the fastening insertion shaft, the push rod is fixedly installed on each of two sides of the inner wall of the fastening groove, the installation lug is arranged at one end of the push rod, the fastening spring is installed in the outer side of the push rod in a sleeved mode, the other end of the fastening spring is connected with the installation lug, the sliding groove is formed in the installation lug, the sliding groove is close to the edge position, the limiting fixture block is installed in a welded mode, the sliding plate is installed on the inner wall of.
As a further scheme of the invention: the inner liner is a grouted block stone inner liner.
As a further scheme of the invention: the top of inner liner and drain bar all is provided with the water conservancy diversion gutter, outside one side of inner liner and water conservancy diversion gutter is provided with the wave-resistant barricade.
As a further scheme of the invention: fastening holes are formed in two sides of the end face of the slope body, the guide sleeve penetrates through the ecological concrete, the drainage plate, the inner liner and the fastening holes to be communicated, mounting grooves are formed in two sides of the inside of the fastening holes, one end of the fastening insertion shaft is inserted into the fastening holes, and the mounting convex blocks are clamped with the mounting grooves.
As a further scheme of the invention: ecological concrete includes porous concrete layer, water retention material layer, slow release fertilizer layer and topsoil layer, porous concrete layer lays on the surface of drain bar, the water retention material layer has been laid to porous concrete layer's top surface, the slow release fertilizer layer has been laid to the top surface on water retention material layer, topsoil layer has been laid to the top surface on slow release fertilizer layer.
As a further scheme of the invention: the porous concrete layer consists of coarse aggregate, cement and a proper amount of fine sand admixture; the water retention material layer is formed by mixing an organic water retention agent and an inorganic water retention agent; the slow release fertilizer layer consists of slow release fertilizer; the surface soil layer consists of surface fine soil.
The invention has the beneficial effects that: the high-stability ecological landscape slope protection structure is simple in structure, when in use, the slope fixing net rack is fixedly arranged on the outer side of ecological concrete through the fastening assembly, so that the ecological concrete and the mortar block stone lining are laid on the surface of a slope, the fixation is firm, and the high-stability ecological landscape slope protection structure has good structural stability; meanwhile, the ecological concrete has better erosion resistance, ecological vegetation is planted on the ecological concrete, the ornamental effect is good, the ecological vegetation has buffering performance, the ecological vegetation can grow conveniently, and the firm structure effect of a slope body is improved.
Drawings
In order to facilitate understanding for those skilled in the art, the present invention will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawings.
FIG. 1 is an overall elevational view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view of the ramp body of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view of the fastening assembly of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a sectional view of the eco-concrete of the present invention;
in the figure: 1. a slope body; 2. an inner liner layer; 3. a drain plate; 4. a drain hole; 5. fixing a slope net rack; 6. a fastening assembly; 7. ecological concrete; 8. a fastening hole; 9. installing a groove; 10. guiding the side ditch; 11. a wave-proof retaining wall; 61. fastening the inserted shaft; 62. a guide sleeve; 63. a fastening groove; 64. a top rod; 65. a fastening spring; 66. mounting a bump; 67. a sliding groove; 68. a limiting clamping block; 69. a sliding plate; 71. a porous concrete layer; 72. a water-retaining material layer; 73. a slow release fertilizer layer; 74. and (5) a topsoil layer.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the following embodiments, and it should be understood that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
As shown in fig. 1-4, a high-stability ecological landscape slope protection structure comprises a slope body 1, an inner liner layer 2, a drainage plate 3, a drainage hole 4, a slope fixing net rack 5, a fastening component 6, ecological concrete 7, a fastening hole 8, an installation groove 9, a diversion side ditch 10 and a wave-proof retaining wall 11, wherein the inner liner layer 2 is laid and installed on one side of the slope body 1, and the inner liner layer 2 is a grouted block stone inner liner and has good structural stability; a drainage plate 3 is laid on the outer side of the inner liner 2, a drainage hole 4 is formed in one end of the bottom of the drainage plate 3, and a diversion side ditch 10 is formed above the tops of the inner liner 2 and the drainage plate 3, so that diversion and drainage are facilitated; the inner liner layer 2 and one side of the outer part of the diversion side ditch 10 are provided with wave-proof retaining walls 11, which are beneficial to improving the impact of water flow on the slope body 1; the ecological concrete 7 is laid on the outer side of the drainage plate 3, the ecological concrete 7 comprises a porous concrete layer 71, a water retention material layer 72, a slow release fertilizer layer 73 and a surface soil layer 74, the porous concrete layer 71 is laid on the surface of the drainage plate 3, the water retention material layer 72 is laid on the top surface of the porous concrete layer 71, the slow release fertilizer layer 73 is laid on the top surface of the water retention material layer 72, and the surface soil layer 74 is laid on the top surface of the slow release fertilizer layer 73; the porous concrete layer 71 is composed of coarse aggregate, cement and a proper amount of fine sand admixture, and has good structural stability; the water retention material layer 72 is formed by mixing an organic water retention agent and an inorganic water retention agent, and has a good water retention effect, so that ecological plants can grow conveniently; the slow release fertilizer layer 73 consists of slow release fertilizers and can provide necessary growth fertilizers for ecological plants; the surface soil layer 74 is composed of surface fine soil, vegetation germination space is formed by the surface fine soil, water evaporation in the soil is reduced, and nutrients in the ecological vegetation germination initial stage are provided; a slope fixing net rack 5 is arranged on the outer side of the ecological concrete 7, and fastening components 6 are arranged on the periphery of the slope fixing net rack 5; the fastening component 6 comprises a fastening inserting shaft 61, a guide sleeve 62, a fastening groove 63, a push rod 64, a fastening spring 65, an installation lug 66, a sliding groove 67, a limiting fixture block 68 and a sliding plate 69, the guide sleeve 62 passes through the slope fixing net rack 5 and the ecological concrete 7 to be fixedly connected with the slope body 1, the fastening inserting shaft 61 is installed inside the guide sleeve 62 in an inserting manner, the fastening groove 63 is respectively arranged on both sides inside one end of the fastening inserting shaft 61, the push rod 64 is fixedly installed on both sides of the inner wall of the fastening groove 63, the installation lug 66 is arranged at one end of the push rod 64, the fastening spring 65 is installed on the outer side of the push rod 64 in a, the other end of the fastening spring 65 is connected with the mounting lug 66, the mounting lug 66 is internally provided with a sliding groove 67, a limiting fixture block 68 is welded at the position, close to the edge, of the sliding groove 67, a sliding plate 69 is filled and installed on the inner wall of the sliding groove 67, and one end of the ejector rod 64 penetrates through the sliding groove 67 and is fixedly connected with the sliding plate 69; fastening hole 8 has all been seted up to the terminal surface both sides of the slope body 1, and uide bushing 62 passes ecological concrete 7, drain bar 3, inner liner 2 and fastening hole 8 intercommunication, and mounting groove 9 has all been seted up to the inside both sides of fastening hole 8, and the one end of fastening axle 61 inserts fastening hole 8, and installation lug 66 and mounting groove 9 joint are convenient for will gu the slope rack 5 fixed to improve the structural stability of the slope body 1.
The working principle of the invention is as follows: the method comprises the steps of forming a fastening hole 8 and a mounting groove 9 in the surface of a slope body 1, paving grouted blockstones on the surface of the slope body 1 to form an inner liner layer 2, paving a drainage plate 3 on the top of the inner liner layer 2, forming a drainage hole 4 in the bottom of the drainage plate 3, paving ecological concrete 7 on the top of the drainage plate 3, paving porous concrete on the top of the drainage plate 3 to form a porous concrete layer 71, paving a water-retaining material on the surface of the porous concrete to form a water-retaining material layer 72, paving a slow-release fertilizer on the surface of the water-retaining material to form a slow-release fertilizer layer 73, paving surface fine soil on the surface of the slow-release fertilizer to form a surface soil layer 74, after paving, placing a slope fixing net rack 5 on the outer side of the slope body 1, fixing the slope fixing net rack 5 and the ecological concrete 7 through a fastening assembly 6, and enabling a guide sleeve 62 to penetrate through the ecological concrete 7 and the drainage plate 3, The inner liner 2 is communicated with the fastening hole 8, the mounting lug 66 is pressed in the fastening groove 63, in the process of pressing the mounting lug 66, the mounting lug 66 extrudes the fastening spring 65 on the outer side of the ejector rod 64, moreover, the sliding plate 69 moves relative to the sliding groove 67, the fastening insertion shaft 61 is inserted in the guide sleeve 62, the fastening insertion shaft 61 is pushed, the fastening insertion shaft 61 slides in the guide sleeve 62 until one end of the fastening insertion shaft 61 is inserted in the fastening hole 8, when the mounting lug 66 moves to the mounting groove 9, the fastening spring 65 compressed on the outer side of the ejector rod 64 is reset after the mounting lug 66 loses extrusion, so that the mounting lug 66 can be pushed to move, in the moving process, the sliding plate 69 moves relative to the sliding groove 67, until the mounting lug 66 is clamped in the mounting groove 9, the position of the fastening insertion shaft 61 is fixed, so that the position of the slope fixing net rack 5 is fixed, the limiting fixture block 68 can limit the sliding position of the sliding plate 69; in daily use, the ecological vegetation is planted on the surface of the ecological concrete 7, the ornamental effect is good, the porous concrete layer 71 has good structural stability, and the water retention material layer 72 has good water retention effect, so that the ecological plants can grow conveniently; the slow release fertilizer layer 73 can provide necessary growth fertilizer for ecological plants; topsoil layer 74 can form vegetation germination space, reduce water evaporation in the soil, provide nutrients at the initial stage of ecological vegetation germination, can be convenient for water diversion and drainage through water diversion side ditch 10, and simultaneously, can improve the effect of water impact through wave-proof retaining wall 11.
The preferred embodiments of the invention disclosed above are intended to be illustrative only. The preferred embodiments are not intended to be exhaustive or to limit the invention to the precise embodiments disclosed. Obviously, many modifications and variations are possible in light of the above teaching. The embodiments were chosen and described in order to best explain the principles of the invention and the practical application, to thereby enable others skilled in the art to best utilize the invention. The invention is limited only by the claims and their full scope and equivalents.

Claims (5)

1. The high-stability ecological landscape slope protection structure is characterized by comprising a slope body (1), a lining layer (2), a drainage plate (3), a drainage hole (4), a slope fixing net rack (5), a fastening component (6), ecological concrete (7), a fastening hole (8), an installation groove (9), a flow guide side ditch (10) and a wave-proof retaining wall (11), wherein the lining layer (2) is laid on one side of the slope body (1), the drainage plate (3) is laid on the outer side of the lining layer (2), the drainage hole (4) is formed in one end of the bottom of the drainage plate (3), the ecological concrete (7) is laid on the outer side of the drainage plate (3), the slope fixing net rack (5) is installed on the outer side of the ecological concrete (7), and the fastening components (6) are arranged around the slope fixing net rack (5);
the fastening assembly (6) comprises a fastening insertion shaft (61), a guide sleeve (62), a fastening groove (63), a push rod (64), a fastening spring (65), an installation convex block (66), a sliding groove (67), a limiting clamping block (68) and a sliding plate (69), the guide sleeve (62) penetrates through the slope fixing net rack (5) and the ecological concrete (7) to be fixedly connected with the slope body (1), the fastening insertion shaft (61) is installed inside the guide sleeve (62) in an inserted manner, the fastening grooves (63) are formed in two sides of the inside of one end of the fastening insertion shaft (61), the push rod (64) is fixedly installed on two sides of the inner wall of the fastening groove (63), the installation convex block (66) is arranged at one end of the push rod (64), the fastening spring (65) is installed on the outside of the push rod (64) in a sleeved manner, and the other end of the fastening spring (65) is connected with, a sliding groove (67) is formed in the mounting convex block (66), a limiting clamping block (68) is welded at the position, close to the edge, of the sliding groove (67), a sliding plate (69) is filled and mounted on the inner wall of the sliding groove (67), and one end of the ejector rod (64) penetrates through the sliding groove (67) and is fixedly connected with the sliding plate (69);
the slope is characterized in that fastening holes (8) are formed in two sides of the end face of the slope body (1), the guide sleeve (62) penetrates through the ecological concrete (7), the drainage plate (3), the inner liner (2) and the fastening holes (8) to be communicated, mounting grooves (9) are formed in two sides of the inside of the fastening holes (8), one end of the fastening insertion shaft (61) is inserted into the fastening holes (8), and the mounting convex block (66) is connected with the mounting grooves (9) in a clamped mode.
2. The high-stability ecological landscape slope protection structure according to claim 1, wherein the lining layer (2) is a grouted block stone lining.
3. The high-stability ecological landscape slope protection structure according to claim 1, wherein a diversion side ditch (10) is arranged above the top of the inner liner (2) and the drainage plate (3), and a wave-proof retaining wall (11) is arranged on one side of the outside of the inner liner (2) and the diversion side ditch (10).
4. The high-stability ecological landscape slope protection structure according to claim 1, wherein the ecological concrete (7) comprises a porous concrete layer (71), a water retention material layer (72), a slow release fertilizer layer (73) and a topsoil layer (74), the porous concrete layer (71) is laid on the surface of the drainage plate (3), the water retention material layer (72) is laid on the top surface of the porous concrete layer (71), the slow release fertilizer layer (73) is laid on the top surface of the water retention material layer (72), and the topsoil layer (74) is laid on the top surface of the slow release fertilizer layer (73).
5. The high-stability ecological landscape slope protection structure of claim 4, wherein the porous concrete layer (71) is composed of coarse aggregate, cement, a proper amount of fine sand admixture; the water retention material layer (72) is formed by mixing an organic water retention agent and an inorganic water retention agent; the slow release fertilizer layer (73) consists of slow release fertilizer; the topsoil layer (74) is composed of topsoil.
CN201911029219.3A 2019-10-28 2019-10-28 High stability ecological landscape slope protection structure Active CN110735438B (en)

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CN110735438B true CN110735438B (en) 2021-06-29

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Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101235631A (en) * 2008-03-12 2008-08-06 河海大学 Porous concrete ecological capsule slope protection method
CN102359113A (en) * 2011-07-20 2012-02-22 上海嘉洁环保工程有限公司 Integrally-cast cement pervious concrete ecological protection slope and construction method thereof
CN103696790A (en) * 2013-02-19 2014-04-02 裴春光 Shear type expansion anchor rod and application thereof
CN104179178A (en) * 2014-08-28 2014-12-03 南昌工程学院 Flexible umbrella supporting anchor bolt and method for supporting soil slope thereby
CN105484275A (en) * 2016-01-12 2016-04-13 中国电建集团贵阳勘测设计研究院有限公司 Reinforcing and anchoring ecological restoration system for high and steep waste slag side slope of wind power plant in mountainous area
CN205999903U (en) * 2016-07-11 2017-03-08 德州市公路工程总公司 Environment-friendly type grass planting Concrete Highway protective slope structure
CN209457025U (en) * 2019-01-04 2019-10-01 邵阳永通工程建设有限公司 A kind of roadbed side slope safeguard structure

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101235631A (en) * 2008-03-12 2008-08-06 河海大学 Porous concrete ecological capsule slope protection method
CN102359113A (en) * 2011-07-20 2012-02-22 上海嘉洁环保工程有限公司 Integrally-cast cement pervious concrete ecological protection slope and construction method thereof
CN103696790A (en) * 2013-02-19 2014-04-02 裴春光 Shear type expansion anchor rod and application thereof
CN104179178A (en) * 2014-08-28 2014-12-03 南昌工程学院 Flexible umbrella supporting anchor bolt and method for supporting soil slope thereby
CN105484275A (en) * 2016-01-12 2016-04-13 中国电建集团贵阳勘测设计研究院有限公司 Reinforcing and anchoring ecological restoration system for high and steep waste slag side slope of wind power plant in mountainous area
CN205999903U (en) * 2016-07-11 2017-03-08 德州市公路工程总公司 Environment-friendly type grass planting Concrete Highway protective slope structure
CN209457025U (en) * 2019-01-04 2019-10-01 邵阳永通工程建设有限公司 A kind of roadbed side slope safeguard structure

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