CN110722369A - Turnover mechanism for crankshaft with accurate positioning function - Google Patents

Turnover mechanism for crankshaft with accurate positioning function Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110722369A
CN110722369A CN201910900886.8A CN201910900886A CN110722369A CN 110722369 A CN110722369 A CN 110722369A CN 201910900886 A CN201910900886 A CN 201910900886A CN 110722369 A CN110722369 A CN 110722369A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
crankshaft
workpiece
mounting plate
turnover mechanism
accurate positioning
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201910900886.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN110722369B (en
Inventor
蔡玉宁
马建勇
高昕
孙兵
贾得山
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Jinshi Robot Yinchuan Co Ltd
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Jinshi Robot Yinchuan Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201910900886.8A priority Critical patent/CN110722369B/en
Publication of CN110722369A publication Critical patent/CN110722369A/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q3/00Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q17/00Arrangements for observing, indicating or measuring on machine tools
    • B23Q17/002Arrangements for observing, indicating or measuring on machine tools for indicating or measuring the holding action of work or tool holders

Abstract

The invention discloses a turnover mechanism for a crankshaft with accurate positioning, which belongs to the technical field of automobile part processing, and comprises a mounting plate, a sensor, a cylinder and a workpiece, wherein connecting rods are welded on two sides of the top of the mounting plate, the turnover mechanism for the crankshaft with accurate positioning is provided with the sensor, the cylinder, a crankshaft, a gear, a rack, a positioning block, a connecting rod neck, a crank, a bracket and the mounting plate, when the crankshaft rotates, the sensor accurately positions the workpiece to detect whether the workpiece is installed, if the workpiece is installed, the workpiece rotates 180 degrees through the crankshaft, when the workpiece rotates to a certain degree, the workpiece touches the positioning block, the positioning block can limit the steering angle of the crankshaft, and the workpiece is prevented from being worn due to overlarge rotation angle of the crankshaft And the cost is reduced, the high efficiency and the accurate positioning are realized, and the damage of the workpiece is reduced.

Description

Turnover mechanism for crankshaft with accurate positioning function
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of automobile part processing, in particular to a turnover mechanism for a crankshaft, which is capable of accurately positioning.
Background
Automobile parts, automobile accessory processing (auto spare parts) are units forming the whole automobile accessory processing and products serving for the automobile accessory processing, along with the gradual and violent competition of automobile accessory processing market, the deep mind of environmental protection idea and the continuous upgrading and application of technology, the international automobile accessory processing part industry shows the following development characteristics in recent years, namely ① automobile accessory processing system matching and modular supply trend is in the way of rising, ② automobile accessory processing purchasing globalization and ③ automobile accessory processing industry transfer speed is accelerated.
Current tilting mechanism when the user uses, need place the work piece on tilting mechanism, and the work piece is placed the back, and equipment is difficult to carry out accurate location to the work piece, and needs user manual operation when the upset, causes the user extremely inconvenient when using, influences user's work efficiency, and current work piece is when the upset, is difficult to set for the rotation angle of bent axle, and the angle is too big when causing the work piece upset, very easily causes the wearing and tearing damage to the work piece.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide an accurately-positioned turnover mechanism for a crankshaft, and aims to solve the problems that in the background art, the workpiece is difficult to accurately position, the workpiece needs to be manually operated by a user, the working efficiency of the user is influenced, the turnover angle is difficult to set, and the workpiece is too large and is abraded and damaged.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme: the utility model provides a tilting mechanism for bent axle of accurate location, includes mounting panel, sensor, cylinder and work piece, the connecting rod, two have all been welded to the top both sides of mounting panel the sensor is all installed on the top of connecting rod, there is the bent axle through the leg joint in the middle of the top of mounting panel, the surface mounting of bent axle has the connecting rod neck, the below of bent axle is provided with the locating piece, just the bottom of locating piece is connected with the mounting panel, just the output of cylinder is connected with the link through the piston rod, the inside of link is connected with guide rail and rack respectively, the surface connection of guide rail has the slider, the gear is installed to the inside below of slider, the carousel is installed to one side of slider, one side of carousel is connected with the crank through the pivot, just articulate top is connected.
Preferably, the cylinder is located at the bottom of the mounting plate, and the cylinder is welded with the mounting plate.
Preferably, the sliding part is connected with the guide rail in a sliding mode, the rack is located right below the guide rail, and the gear is meshed with the rack.
Preferably, the workpiece is sleeved on the outer surface of the crankshaft, and the crankshaft is rotatably connected with the bracket.
Preferably, the crank is rotatably connected to the slider by a rotating shaft and a rotating disc.
Preferably, the two sensors and the workpiece are located at the same horizontal height, and the top of the mounting plate is provided with a plurality of mounting holes.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that: the turnover mechanism for the crank shaft with the accurate positioning function is provided with a sensor, an air cylinder, the crank shaft, a gear, a rack, a positioning block, a connecting rod neck, a crank, a support and a mounting plate, when a user uses the equipment to process automobile parts, the air cylinder can be started firstly, the air cylinder can drive a sliding part to slide in a telescopic way through a guide rail through a piston rod after working, so that the sliding part drives the rack to slide, the rack can drive the gear to rotate after sliding, power generated after the gear rotates can drive the crank to rotate through a turntable and a rotating shaft, so that the crank drives the crank shaft to rotate through the connecting rod neck, when the crank shaft rotates, the user can start the sensor, the sensor can accurately position a workpiece to detect whether the workpiece is installed or not, if the workpiece is installed, the workpiece can rotate 180 degrees through the crank shaft, when the workpiece rotates to a certain degree, the positioning block can be touched, the positioning block can limit the final steering angle of the crankshaft, so that the workpiece is prevented from being abraded and damaged due to the fact that the crankshaft is excessively rotated, meanwhile, the crankshaft is used for overturning and adjusting the posture of the workpiece, the whole adjusting process is automatically carried out, the requirement of automatic continuous machining of the crankshaft is met, the cost is reduced, the efficiency is high, the accurate positioning is achieved, and the damage of the workpiece is reduced.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a front view of the mounting plate of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic top view of the mounting plate of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a side view of the mounting plate of the present invention;
fig. 5 is an enlarged schematic view of a partial structure of the invention a.
In the figure: 1. mounting a plate; 2. a connecting rod; 3. a sensor; 4. a cylinder; 5. a guide rail; 6. a gear; 7. a crank; 8. positioning blocks; 9. a support; 10. a rotating shaft; 11. a workpiece; 12. a slider; 13. a turntable; 14. a crankshaft; 15. a rack; 16. a piston rod; 17. a connecting frame; 18. a connecting rod neck.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
In the present invention, unless otherwise expressly stated or limited, the terms "disposed," "mounted," "connected," "secured," "sleeved," and the like are to be construed broadly, e.g., as meaning fixedly connected, detachably connected, or integrally formed; can be mechanically or electrically connected; the two elements can be directly connected or indirectly connected through an intermediate medium, and the two elements can be communicated with each other or the two elements can interact with each other, so that the specific meaning of the terms in the invention can be understood according to specific situations by a person skilled in the art.
Referring to fig. 1-5, the present invention provides a technical solution: the utility model provides a tilting mechanism for bent axle of accurate location, includes mounting panel 1, connecting rod 2, sensor 3, cylinder 4, guide rail 5, gear 6, crank 7, locating piece 8, support 9, pivot 10, work piece 11, slider 12, carousel 13, bent axle 14, rack 15, piston rod 16, link 17 and connecting rod neck 18, connecting rod 2, two have all been welded to the top both sides of mounting panel 1 the sensor 3 is all installed on the top of connecting rod 2, be connected with bent axle 14 through support 9 in the middle of the top of mounting panel 1, the surface mounting of bent axle 14 has connecting rod neck 18, the below of bent axle 14 is provided with locating piece 8, just the bottom of locating piece 8 is connected with mounting panel 1, and the output of cylinder 4 is connected with link 17 through piston rod 16, the inside of link 17 is connected with guide rail 5 and rack 15 respectively, the surface of guide rail 5 is connected with slider 12, gear 6 is installed to the inside below of slider 12, carousel 13 is installed to one side of slider 12, one side of carousel 13 is connected with crank 7 through pivot 10, just the top of crank 7 is connected with connecting rod neck 18, and accessible connecting rod neck 18 drives the rotatory rotation of bent axle 14 when crank 7 rotates of being convenient for.
Referring to fig. 1-5, the cylinder 4 is located at the bottom of the mounting plate 1, and the cylinder 4 is welded to the mounting plate 1, so as to facilitate the user to start the cylinder 4 and operate the cylinder 4 normally, the sliding member 12 is slidably connected to the guide rail 5, the rack 15 is located right below the guide rail 5, and the gear 6 is engaged with the rack 15, so that the gear 6 can be driven to rotate by the rack 15 when the sliding member 12 slides through the guide rail 5.
Referring to fig. 1, 2, 3 and 4, the workpiece 11 is sleeved on an outer surface of the crankshaft 14, and the crankshaft 14 is rotatably connected to the bracket 9, so that the crankshaft 14 can drive the workpiece 11 to rotate when rotating through the bracket 9, the crank 7 is rotatably connected to the sliding member 12 through the rotating shaft 10 and the rotating disc 13, and the crank 7 can be driven to rotate through the rotating shaft 10 and the rotating disc 13 when the sliding member 12 slides.
Referring to fig. 1 and 2, the two sensors 3 and the workpiece 11 are located at the same horizontal height, and the top of the mounting plate 1 is provided with a plurality of mounting holes, so that the sensors 3 can accurately position the workpiece 11, and the mounting plate 1 can be conveniently mounted and fixed through the mounting holes.
The working principle is as follows: firstly, when a user uses the turnover mechanism for the crankshaft with accurate positioning, the mounting plate 1 can be mounted and fixed through a mounting hole, after the mounting plate 1 is mounted, the user can place a workpiece on the crankshaft 14, and start the cylinder 4, so that the cylinder 4 can drive the sliding piece 12 to slide telescopically through the guide rail 5 through the piston rod 16 after working, so that the sliding piece 12 drives the rack 15 to slide after sliding, and the rack 15 can drive the gear 6 to rotate after sliding, so that power generated after the gear 6 rotates can drive the crank 7 to rotate through the turntable 13 and the rotating shaft 10, so that the crank 7 drives the crankshaft 14 to rotate through the connecting rod neck 18, when the crankshaft 14 rotates, the user can start the sensor 3, so that the sensor 3 can accurately position the workpiece to detect whether the workpiece is mounted, and if the workpiece is mounted, the workpiece can rotate by 180 degrees through the crankshaft 14, when the workpiece rotates to a certain degree, the workpiece touches the positioning block 8, and the positioning block 8 can limit the final steering angle of the crankshaft, so that the workpiece is prevented from being abraded and damaged due to the fact that the rotating angle of the crankshaft is too large.
Although embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made in these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the invention, the scope of which is defined in the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (6)

1. The utility model provides a tilting mechanism for bent axle of accurate location, includes mounting panel (1), sensor (3), cylinder (4) and work piece (11), its characterized in that: connecting rods (2) are welded on two sides of the top of the mounting plate (1), sensors (3) are installed on the top ends of the connecting rods (2), a crankshaft (14) is connected to the middle of the top of the mounting plate (1) through a support (9), a connecting rod neck (18) is installed on the outer surface of the crankshaft (14), positioning blocks (8) are arranged below the crankshaft (14), the bottom of the positioning blocks (8) is connected with the mounting plate (1), the output end of the air cylinder (4) is connected with a connecting frame (17) through a piston rod (16), a guide rail (5) and a rack (15) are connected to the inside of the connecting frame (17) respectively, a sliding piece (12) is connected to the outer surface of the guide rail (5), a gear (6) is installed below the inner portion of the sliding piece (12), and a rotary table (13) is installed on one side of, one side of the rotating disc (13) is connected with a crank (7) through a rotating shaft (10), and the top end of the crank (7) is connected with a connecting rod neck (18).
2. The turnover mechanism for the crankshaft with accurate positioning as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the cylinder (4) is located at the bottom of the mounting plate (1), and the cylinder (4) is welded with the mounting plate (1).
3. The turnover mechanism for the crankshaft with accurate positioning as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the sliding part (12) is connected with the guide rail (5) in a sliding mode, the rack (15) is located right below the guide rail (5), and the gear (6) is meshed with the rack (15).
4. The turnover mechanism for the crankshaft with accurate positioning as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the workpiece (11) is sleeved on the outer surface of the crankshaft (14), and the crankshaft (14) is rotatably connected with the bracket (9).
5. The turnover mechanism for the crankshaft with accurate positioning as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the crank (7) is rotationally connected with the sliding piece (12) through a rotating shaft (10) and a rotating disc (13).
6. The turnover mechanism for the crankshaft with accurate positioning as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the two sensors (3) and the workpiece (11) are located at the same horizontal height, and a plurality of mounting holes are formed in the top of the mounting plate (1).
CN201910900886.8A 2019-09-23 2019-09-23 Turnover mechanism for crankshaft with accurate positioning function Active CN110722369B (en)

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CN201910900886.8A CN110722369B (en) 2019-09-23 2019-09-23 Turnover mechanism for crankshaft with accurate positioning function

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910900886.8A CN110722369B (en) 2019-09-23 2019-09-23 Turnover mechanism for crankshaft with accurate positioning function

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CN110722369A true CN110722369A (en) 2020-01-24
CN110722369B CN110722369B (en) 2021-02-19

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113894600A (en) * 2021-10-25 2022-01-07 威海天润智能科技有限公司 Automatic rotating device for crankshaft

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5493761A (en) * 1994-10-24 1996-02-27 Ingersoll Cm Systems, Inc. Apparatus for fillet rolling of crankshafts
DE19900292C2 (en) * 1998-01-26 2002-10-02 Gen Motors Corp Universal clamping device and method for positioning and clamping for connecting rods
CN103498830A (en) * 2013-10-15 2014-01-08 山东森德数控机械有限公司 Adjustable driving device for initial angle and rotation angle of pipe rolling machine crank shaft
CN104070381A (en) * 2014-06-19 2014-10-01 安徽埃夫特智能装备有限公司 Part posture conversion mechanism and method for machining automobile crankshaft
CN204160242U (en) * 2014-09-11 2015-02-18 济南四机数控机床有限公司 A kind of mechanism for axial workpiece self-feeding
CN106735323A (en) * 2017-01-11 2017-05-31 苏州江源精密机械有限公司 Suitable for the type horizontal processing machine tool and processing method of Large Crankshaft Compound Machining
CN208648020U (en) * 2018-07-17 2019-03-26 宁波傲天阔自动化设备有限公司 Turnover device
CN209110643U (en) * 2018-11-20 2019-07-16 浙江金汤机床有限公司 Crankshaft Machining fixture

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5493761A (en) * 1994-10-24 1996-02-27 Ingersoll Cm Systems, Inc. Apparatus for fillet rolling of crankshafts
DE19900292C2 (en) * 1998-01-26 2002-10-02 Gen Motors Corp Universal clamping device and method for positioning and clamping for connecting rods
CN103498830A (en) * 2013-10-15 2014-01-08 山东森德数控机械有限公司 Adjustable driving device for initial angle and rotation angle of pipe rolling machine crank shaft
CN104070381A (en) * 2014-06-19 2014-10-01 安徽埃夫特智能装备有限公司 Part posture conversion mechanism and method for machining automobile crankshaft
CN204160242U (en) * 2014-09-11 2015-02-18 济南四机数控机床有限公司 A kind of mechanism for axial workpiece self-feeding
CN106735323A (en) * 2017-01-11 2017-05-31 苏州江源精密机械有限公司 Suitable for the type horizontal processing machine tool and processing method of Large Crankshaft Compound Machining
CN208648020U (en) * 2018-07-17 2019-03-26 宁波傲天阔自动化设备有限公司 Turnover device
CN209110643U (en) * 2018-11-20 2019-07-16 浙江金汤机床有限公司 Crankshaft Machining fixture

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113894600A (en) * 2021-10-25 2022-01-07 威海天润智能科技有限公司 Automatic rotating device for crankshaft

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