CN110721767A - Industrial solid waste processor and processing method - Google Patents

Industrial solid waste processor and processing method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110721767A
CN110721767A CN201911034752.9A CN201911034752A CN110721767A CN 110721767 A CN110721767 A CN 110721767A CN 201911034752 A CN201911034752 A CN 201911034752A CN 110721767 A CN110721767 A CN 110721767A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
frame
crushing
groove
sliding
slag
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Granted
Application number
CN201911034752.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN110721767B (en
Inventor
谢诚浩
饶明月
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Guangzhou Yajule solid waste treatment Co., Ltd
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谢诚浩
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Priority to CN201911034752.9A priority Critical patent/CN110721767B/en
Publication of CN110721767A publication Critical patent/CN110721767A/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C4/00Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills
    • B02C4/02Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills with two or more rollers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C1/00Crushing or disintegrating by reciprocating members
    • B02C1/12Mills with non-rotating spiked members
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/18Adding fluid, other than for crushing or disintegrating by fluid energy
    • B02C23/24Passing gas through crushing or disintegrating zone
    • B02C23/30Passing gas through crushing or disintegrating zone the applied gas acting to effect material separation
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C2201/00Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials
    • B02C2201/06Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials for garbage, waste or sewage

Abstract

The invention relates to an industrial solid waste processor and a processing method thereof, comprising an outer frame, a primary crushing device, a crushing device, two dust removing devices and a blowing device, wherein the primary crushing device is arranged at the upper end of the outer frame, the crushing device is arranged in the middle of the outer frame, the two dust removing devices are arranged between the crushing device and the primary crushing device, the dust removing devices are embedded in the side wall of the outer frame, and the blowing device is arranged at the lower end of the outer frame. The invention can solve the problems that the crushed slag particles are different in size and larger in size, and when the crushed slag particles are recovered after crushing, gaps among the slag particles are larger, so that the space occupancy rate is wasted, the crushed slag carries a large amount of dust, and a large amount of dust overflows when being collected, so that the working environment becomes very bad, the aspiration of operators is easily caused, the occurrence probability of diseases such as respiratory tract and the like is easily increased for a long time.

Description

Industrial solid waste processor and processing method
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of industrial solid waste treatment, in particular to an industrial solid waste treatment machine and a treatment method.
Background
Industrial solid waste refers to solid waste generated in industrial production activities, and a kind of solid waste, referred to as industrial waste for short, is various waste residues, dusts and other wastes discharged into the environment in an industrial production process, wherein slag is one kind of industrial solid waste, and needs to be crushed and recycled due to a certain pollution of slag to air and soil, and the existing crushing recycling is to crush slag by existing crushing equipment, however, the following problems often exist in the crushing mode:
1. the crushed slag particles are different in size and larger in size, and when the crushed slag particles are recycled after crushing, gaps among the slag particles are larger, so that the space occupancy rate is wasted, and the occupied area of the conventional crushing equipment is larger; 2. broken slay carries a large amount of dust, has a large amount of dust excessive during the collection to make the operational environment become very abominable, lead to the operation personnel mistake to inhale easily, increase the emergence probability of diseases such as respiratory tract in the past for a long time easily.
Disclosure of Invention
Technical problem to be solved
The invention can solve the problems that the crushed slag particles are different in size and larger in size, and when the crushed slag particles are recovered after crushing, gaps among the slag particles are larger, so that the space occupancy rate is wasted, the crushed slag carries a large amount of dust, and a large amount of dust overflows when being collected, so that the working environment becomes very bad, the aspiration of operators is easily caused, the occurrence probability of diseases such as respiratory tract and the like is easily increased for a long time.
(II) technical scheme
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention adopts the following technical scheme: the utility model provides an industry solid waste processor, includes frame, first milling device, crushing device, two dust collector and blows the device, the upper end of frame install first milling device, the mid-mounting of frame has the crushing device, be equipped with two dust collector between crushing device and the first milling device, and the dust collector embedding is at the frame lateral wall, the lower extreme of frame is installed and is blown the device.
The primary crushing device comprises a shielding frame, a shielding cover, two rotating motors and two crushing rollers, wherein the shielding frame is arranged at the upper end of an outer frame, the middle part of the shielding frame is provided with the two crushing rollers through a bearing, a conveying belt is connected between the two crushing rollers, the rear ends of the crushing rollers are connected with the rotating motors, the rotating motors are arranged on the outer wall of the rear end of the outer frame, the shielding cover is embedded in the middle part of the shielding frame and is positioned at the upper ends of the crushing rollers, during the specific work, the two rotating motors drive the two crushing rollers to rotate oppositely so as to crush massive slag into small slag,
crushing device include driving motor, the pivot, the crushing frame, two carriages, two elasticity cloth, installing frame and crushing mechanism, the pivot is installed through the bearing at the middle part of frame, the right-hand member of pivot and driving motor's output shaft, driving motor installs on the frame outer wall, both ends are equipped with two carriages about the pivot, turn right from a left side on every carriage and evenly install the installing frame, every installing frame evenly installs crushing mechanism from the past backward, frame internally mounted has the crushing frame, and the crushing frame is located the lower extreme of crushing mechanism, even have elasticity cloth between the inner of carriage and the frame inner wall.
During specific work, it rotates to drive the pivot through driving motor, thereby drive two carriage reverse motion, can carry out crushing once more to the slay of fritter when two carriages move in opposite directions, thereby further reduced the particle size of slay, reduced the crushing degree of difficulty of crushing mechanism to the fritter slay, crushing frame cooperatees with crushing mechanism and plays the effect that the extrusion is pulverized to the slay, the phenomenon that the slay fell on the carriage and can not drop has been avoided in the setting of elasticity cloth, and the carriage can tighten elasticity cloth when moving to the middle part, make in the slay rebound in the region between two carriages on elasticity cloth, the setting of crushing device plays the striking to the slay, the effect that the extrusion is pulverized, thereby obtain even and thin slay of particle size.
The lower end of the mounting frame is provided with a sliding groove, and the lower side of the right end of the sliding groove is provided with a positioning groove;
crushing mechanism include reset spring, the elevator, sealed cloth, the reference column, tighten the rope, the extrusion piece, built-in spring and crushing dull polish piece, the left end of elevator passes through sliding fit's mode and is connected with the sliding tray, even there is reset spring between elevator and the sliding tray, even there is sealed cloth between the right-hand member of elevator and the sliding tray, the linkage groove has been seted up to the elevator inside, the upper end in linkage groove is equipped with the reference column, the reference column is connected with the extrusion piece left end through tightening the rope, even there is built-in spring between extrusion piece and the linkage groove lower extreme left side, crushing dull polish piece is installed to the lower extreme of elevator.
The dust removal device comprises an in-out frame, a water storage frame, a pressure spring piece and a water absorption sponge, the in-out frame is embedded into the side end of the outer frame, the water storage frame is uniformly installed at the upper end of the in-out frame, the pressure spring piece is installed at the lower end of the in-out frame, and the pressure spring piece is pressed on the water absorption sponge.
The blowing-up device comprises an air pump, an air pipe, a conveying plate and an air cavity, wherein the conveying plate is arranged at the lower end of the outer frame, the air cavity is formed in the conveying plate, the air cavity is connected with the air pump through the air pipe, the air pump is arranged on the outer side wall of the outer frame, and the conveying plate is of a structure which gradually inclines downwards from the back to the front.
During specific work, air is blown upwards from the low end through the air pump, dust can be blown upwards by whole in the crushing process, and partial dust can be adsorbed by wetted sponge that absorbs water, and partial dust falls to the surface of water in the water storage frame, adsorbs the collection through dust collector, dust collector cooperation in advance to the dust to the condition that has a large amount of dusts to spill over when having reduced broken back slay and collecting.
Preferably, the left end and the right end of the rotating shaft are provided with two sections of threads, the directions of the two sections of threads are opposite, each section of thread is provided with a sliding frame, and the rear end of each sliding frame is connected with the outer frame in a sliding fit mode.
Preferably, the middle part of crushing frame be equipped with scrape the groove, and scrape the structure that both ends are from interior by outer tilt up gradually about the groove, extrusion groove has been seted up to both ends symmetry about the crushing frame, and the deflector is installed to both ends symmetry about the crushing frame, and is interval arrangement between extrusion groove and the deflector.
Preferably, the initial state of the elastic cloth is a state of gradually inclining upwards from inside to outside, and the elastic cloth is uniformly provided with air holes.
Preferably, the right end of the lifting block is of a structure which gradually inclines to the left from top to bottom, and a sliding wheel is arranged on the right side of the lower end of the lifting block through a pin shaft.
Preferably, the right-hand member of reference column be located the constant head tank, the left end of reference column is connected through the upper end left side wall of working spring with the linkage groove, the lower extreme of reference column is equipped with spacing one, spacing one is connected with the linkage groove through sliding fit's mode, the lower extreme of extrusion piece is equipped with two spacing, two spacing pieces are connected with the linkage groove through sliding fit's mode, and the right-hand member of extrusion piece exposes in the outside of elevator.
Preferably, a rubber layer is arranged between the crushing and grinding block and the lifting block, and trapezoidal grooves are uniformly formed in the lower end of the crushing and grinding block.
Preferably, the lower side of the front end of the outer frame is provided with an output port, and the upper end of the output port is connected with a baffle plate through a pin shaft.
In addition, the invention also provides a treatment method of the industrial solid waste treatment machine, which comprises the following steps:
s1, filling the water storage frame with water, soaking the water absorption sponge, and clamping the in-out frame again and locking the in-out frame through bolts;
s2, placing the large slag into a primary crushing device to carry out primary crushing on the large slag, so as to obtain small slag particles, wherein the small slag particles are intensively dropped into a scraping groove;
s3, drive the pivot through driving motor and rotate to drive two carriage reverse motion, can scrape the slay of part fritter to both sides and extrude from the extrusion inslot when the groove upper end is scraped to crushing mechanism, thereby obtain graininess slay, specific crushing mechanism work is as follows:
a1, in the process that the crushing mechanism is stressed to move towards the middle part, when the extrusion block is blocked by the slag pile, the extrusion block can move outwards, so that the positioning column is driven to move outwards, and at the moment, the lifting block is unlocked and then is extruded by the slag pile to move upwards;
a 2: when the lifting block moves above the scraping groove under the action of force, the lifting block is driven to descend under the action of a return spring, when the lifting block moves outwards under the action of force, the synchronously moving crushing sanding block can scoop partial small slag and push outwards, and under the pressure of the return spring, the small slag can be downwards extruded under the action of force when passing through the extrusion groove, so that granular slag is obtained;
s4, blowing air upwards from the lower end through the air pump, blowing dust upwards by the whole body in the crushing process, adsorbing part of dust by the soaked water absorption sponge, and dropping part of dust onto the water surface in the water storage frame.
(III) advantageous effects
1. According to the industrial solid waste processor and the processing method, the slag is crushed by adopting a multi-stage crushing design concept, so that the particle size of the crushed slag is reduced, the uniformity of the particle size is improved, gaps among the slag are reduced, the space utilization rate is improved, dust is adsorbed and collected in advance by virtue of the adhesion of water, and the dust carrying capacity of the crushed slag is reduced; the joint mixture is stored in a frame body sealing and heating mode, the solidification time of the joint mixture is prolonged, the joint mixture is extruded into a gap in an extrusion discharging mode, single discharging is less, and the condition that more joint mixture is scraped to the wall brick surface when a rubber joint filling knife performs joint filling is avoided;
2. according to the industrial solid waste treatment machine and the treatment method, the multistage crushing design concept of up-and-down arrangement is adopted, so that the links of conveying and screening are reduced, the positions among all devices in the machine are compact, and the occupied area is reduced;
3. according to the industrial solid waste processor and the processing method, the crushing device extrudes the slag from the extrusion groove in a pushing and extruding integrated mode, the extruded particles are high in homogenization degree and fine, and gaps among the slag are reduced.
Drawings
The invention is further illustrated with reference to the following figures and examples.
FIG. 1 is an overall cross-sectional view of the present invention;
figure 2 is a schematic perspective view of the crushing stand of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a side view of the present invention between the mounting frame and the crushing mechanism;
fig. 4 is an enlarged view of a portion of the invention in the X direction of fig. 1.
Detailed Description
Embodiments of the present invention will be described below with reference to the drawings. In this process, the width of the lines or the size of the components in the drawings may be exaggerated for clarity and convenience of description.
The following terms are defined based on the functions of the present invention, and may be different depending on the intention of the user or the operator or the convention. Therefore, these terms are defined based on the entire contents of the present specification.
As shown in fig. 1 to 4, an industrial solid waste processor comprises an outer frame 1, a primary crushing device 2, a crushing device 3, two dust removing devices 4 and a blowing device 5, wherein the primary crushing device 2 is installed at the upper end of the outer frame 1, the crushing device 3 is installed at the middle part of the outer frame 1, the two dust removing devices 4 are arranged between the crushing device 3 and the primary crushing device 2, the dust removing devices 4 are embedded in the side wall of the outer frame 1, and the blowing device 5 is installed at the lower end of the outer frame 1.
The primary crushing device 2 comprises a shielding frame 21, a shielding cover 22, two rotating motors 23 and two crushing rollers 24, wherein the shielding frame 21 is arranged at the upper end of an outer frame 1, the two crushing rollers 24 are arranged at the middle part of the shielding frame 21 through bearings, a conveying belt 25 is connected between the two crushing rollers 24, the rear ends of the crushing rollers 24 are connected with the rotating motors 23, the rotating motors 23 are arranged on the outer wall of the rear end of the outer frame 1, the shielding cover 22 is embedded in the middle part of the shielding frame 21, the shielding cover 22 is positioned at the upper end of the crushing rollers 24, and during specific work, the two rotating motors 23 drive the two crushing rollers 24 to rotate oppositely so as to crush massive slag into small slag,
crushing device 3 include driving motor 31, the pivot 32, crushing frame 33, two carriage 34, two elastic cloth 35, installing frame 37 and crushing mechanism 36, pivot 32 is installed through the bearing in the middle part of frame 1, the right-hand member of pivot 32 and driving motor 31's output shaft, driving motor 31 installs on frame 1 outer wall, both ends are equipped with two carriage 34 about pivot 32, evenly install installing frame 37 from a left side to the right side on every carriage 34, crushing mechanism 36 is evenly installed backward in the past to every installing frame 37, 1 internally mounted of frame has crushing frame 33, and crushing frame 33 is located the lower extreme of crushing mechanism 36, even have elastic cloth 35 between the inner of carriage 34 and the 1 inner wall of frame.
During specific work, it rotates to drive pivot 32 through driving motor 31, thereby drive two carriage 34 reverse motion, can crush the slay of fritter once more when two carriage 34 move in opposite directions, thereby further reduced the particle size of slay, reduced the crushing degree of difficulty of crushing mechanism 36 to the slay, crushing frame 33 cooperatees with crushing mechanism 36 and plays the effect that the extrusion is smashed to the slay, the phenomenon that slay fell on carriage 34 and can not drop has been avoided in the setting of elasticity cloth 35, and carriage 34 can tighten elasticity cloth 35 when moving to the middle part, make the slay that drops on elasticity cloth 35 rebound in the region between two carriage 34, crushing device 3's setting plays the striking to the slay, the effect that the extrusion was smashed, thereby obtain even and thin slay of particle size.
The lower end of the mounting frame 37 is provided with a sliding groove, and the lower side of the right end of the sliding groove is provided with a positioning groove;
crushing mechanism 36 include reset spring 361, elevator 362, sealed cloth 363, reference column 364, tighten rope 365, extrusion piece 369, built-in spring 366 and crushing dull polish piece 367, the left end of elevator 362 passes through sliding fit's mode and is connected with the sliding tray, even have reset spring 361 between elevator 362 and the sliding tray, even have sealed cloth 363 between the right-hand member of elevator 362 and the sliding tray, the inside linkage groove of having seted up of elevator 362, the upper end in linkage groove is equipped with reference column 364, reference column 364 is connected with extrusion piece 369 left end through tightening rope 365, even have built-in spring 366 between extrusion piece 369 and the linkage groove lower extreme left side, crushing dull polish piece 367 is installed to the lower extreme of elevator 362.
The dust removing device 4 comprises an in-out frame 41, a water storage frame 42, a pressure spring 43 and a water absorbing sponge 44, wherein the in-out frame 41 is embedded in the side end of the outer frame 1, the water storage frame 42 is uniformly arranged at the upper end of the in-out frame 41, the pressure spring 43 is arranged at the lower end of the in-out frame 41, and the pressure spring 43 is pressed on the water absorbing sponge 44.
The blowing-up device 5 comprises an air pump 51, an air pipe 52, a conveying plate 53 and an air cavity 54, wherein the conveying plate 53 is installed at the lower end of the outer frame 1, the air cavity 54 is formed in the conveying plate 53, the air cavity 54 is connected with the air pump 51 through the air pipe 52, the air pump 51 is installed on the outer side wall of the outer frame 1, and the conveying plate 53 is of a structure which gradually inclines downwards from back to front.
During specific work, blow up gas from the low end upwards through air pump 51, dust can be blown up by whole upwards in the crushing process, and partial dust can be adsorbed by wetted sponge 44 that absorbs water, and on partial dust fell to the surface of water in the water storage frame 42, cooperate through dust collector 4, dust collector 4 and adsorb the collection to the dust in advance to the condition that has a large amount of dusts to spill over when having reduced broken back slay and collecting.
Two sections of threads are arranged at the left end and the right end of the rotating shaft 32, the directions of the two sections of threads are opposite, a sliding frame 34 is arranged on each section of thread, the rear end of each sliding frame 34 is connected with the outer frame 1 in a sliding fit mode, and the two sliding frames 34 are driven to move reversely by rotating the rotating shaft 32.
Crushing frame 33's middle part be equipped with scrape the groove, the fritter slay that pulverizes through primary crushing device 2 drops and waits for crushing mechanism 36 to scrape it from the extrusion in scraping the inslot, and scrape the structure of both ends by outer tilt up gradually about the groove, the difficulty of scraping from the slay of crushing dull polish piece 367 to having reduced, extrusion groove has been seted up to the both ends symmetry about crushing frame 33, and the deflector is installed to the both ends symmetry about crushing frame 33, and be interval arrangement between extrusion groove and the deflector, scrape partial fritter slay to the extrusion groove through crushing dull polish piece 367, because reset spring 361's elasticity makes crushing dull polish piece 367 have the holding down force in lateral motion, make this partial fritter slay pressed to the extrusion inslot, thereby realize the broken function of extrusion.
The initial state of the elastic cloth 35 is a state gradually inclining upwards from inside to outside, and the elastic cloth 35 is evenly provided with air holes, so that dust can rise conveniently.
The right-hand member of lifter 362 from last down be gradually to the structure of left slope, be equipped with the movable pulley through the round pin axle to the lower extreme right side of lifter 362, the design of lifter 362 right-hand member structure and the setting of movable pulley have all reduced the degree of difficulty that lifter 362 received the extrusion and rises when crushing mechanism 36 moved to the middle part.
Reference column 364's right-hand member be located the constant head tank, crushing mechanism 36 when removing to the middle part, extrusion piece 369 receives the extrusion and moves outward, thereby make reference column 364 move outward in step and location separation, at this moment, elevator 362 is in the unblock state, upward movement under the extrusion of slag heap thickness, it gets back to the condition of scraping the groove to have reduced the slay, the left end of reference column 364 passes through work spring and the upper end left side wall connection in linkage groove, the lower extreme of reference column 364 is equipped with spacing piece, spacing piece is connected with the linkage groove through sliding fit's mode, the lower extreme of extrusion piece 369 is equipped with two spacing pieces, two spacing pieces are connected with the linkage groove through sliding fit's mode, and the right-hand member of extrusion piece 369 exposes in elevator 362's outside, spacing piece, two spacing pieces of setting up has played and has restricted reference column 364, the home range of extrusion piece 369.
A rubber layer is arranged between the crushing sanding block 367 and the lifting block 362, a shock absorption effect is achieved, trapezoidal grooves are uniformly formed in the lower end of the crushing sanding block 367, and the extrusion effect is improved.
The delivery outlet has been seted up to 1 front end downside of frame, the upper end of delivery outlet has the baffle through selling the axle even, the broken back of slay, personnel can open the baffle, the export output can be followed to the graininess slay on the delivery board 53.
In addition, the invention also provides a treatment method of the industrial solid waste treatment machine, which comprises the following steps:
s1, filling the water storage frame 42 with water, soaking the water absorption sponge 44, and clamping the in-out frame 41 again and locking the in-out frame by bolts;
s2, placing the large slag into the primary crushing device 2 to carry out primary crushing on the large slag, thereby obtaining small slag particles, and the small slag particles are intensively dropped into the scraping groove;
s3, driving the rotating shaft 32 to rotate through the driving motor 31, thereby driving the two sliding frames 34 to move reversely, scraping partial small slag to both sides and extruding the slag from the extrusion groove when the crushing mechanism 36 scrapes the upper end of the groove, thereby obtaining granular slag, wherein the specific crushing mechanism 36 works as follows:
a1, in the process that the crushing mechanism 36 is forced to move towards the middle, when the extrusion block 369 is blocked by the slag pile, the extrusion block moves outwards, so that the positioning column 364 is driven to move outwards, and at the moment, the lifting block 362 is unlocked and then is extruded by the slag pile to move upwards;
a 2: when the lifting block 362 is stressed to move above the scraping groove, the lifting block 362 is driven to descend under the action of the return spring 361, when the lifting block 362 is stressed to move outwards, the synchronously moving crushing and sanding block 367 can scoop partial small slag and push outwards, and under the pressure of the return spring 361, the small slag is stressed to extrude downwards when passing through the extruding groove, so that granular slag is obtained;
s4, the air pump 51 blows the air upwards from the lower end, the dust is blown upwards integrally in the crushing process, part of the dust is adsorbed by the soaked water absorption sponge 44, and part of the dust falls on the water surface in the water storage frame 42.
Furthermore, it should be understood that although the present description refers to embodiments, not every embodiment may contain only a single embodiment, and such description is for clarity only, and those skilled in the art should integrate the description, and the embodiments may be combined as appropriate to form other embodiments understood by those skilled in the art.

Claims (8)

1. The utility model provides an industry solid waste processor, includes frame (1), primary crushing device (2), crushing device (3), two dust collector (4) and blows and rise device (5), its characterized in that: the device comprises an outer frame (1), a primary crushing device (2) is installed at the upper end of the outer frame (1), a crushing device (3) is installed in the middle of the outer frame (1), two dust removal devices (4) are arranged between the crushing device (3) and the primary crushing device (2), the dust removal devices (4) are embedded into the side wall of the outer frame (1), and a blowing device (5) is installed at the lower end of the outer frame (1);
the primary crushing device (2) comprises a shielding frame (21), a shielding cover (22), a rotating motor (23), two crushing rollers (24) and a conveyor belt (25), wherein the shielding frame (21) is installed at the upper end of the outer frame (1), the middle of the shielding frame (21) is provided with the two crushing rollers (24) through bearings, the conveyor belt (25) is connected between the two crushing rollers (24), the rear end of the crushing roller (24) positioned on the left side is connected with the rotating motor (23), the rotating motor (23) is installed on the outer wall of the rear end of the outer frame (1), the shielding cover (22) is embedded in the middle of the shielding frame (21), and the shielding cover (22) is positioned at the upper end of the crushing roller (24);
the crushing device (3) comprises a driving motor (31), a rotating shaft (32), a crushing frame (33), two sliding frames (34), two elastic cloths (35), an installation frame (37) and a crushing mechanism (36), wherein the rotating shaft (32) is installed in the middle of the outer frame (1) through a bearing, the right end of the rotating shaft (32) is connected with an output shaft of the driving motor (31), the driving motor (31) is installed on the outer wall of the outer frame (1), the two sliding frames (34) are arranged at the left end and the right end of the rotating shaft (32), the installation frame (37) is evenly installed on each sliding frame (34) from left to right, the crushing mechanism (36) is evenly installed on each installation frame (37) from front to back, the crushing frame (33) is installed inside the outer frame (, the crushing frame (33) is positioned at the lower end of the crushing mechanism (36), and elastic cloth (35) is connected between the inner end of the sliding frame (34) and the inner wall of the outer frame (1);
the lower end of the mounting frame (37) is provided with a sliding groove, and the lower side of the right end of the sliding groove is provided with a positioning groove;
the crushing mechanism (36) comprises a return spring (361), a lifting block (362), sealing cloth (363), a positioning column (364), a tightening rope (365), an extrusion block (369), an internal spring (366) and a crushing abrasive block (367), the left end of the lifting block (362) is connected with a sliding groove in a sliding fit mode, the return spring (361) is connected between the lifting block (362) and the sliding groove, the sealing cloth (363) is connected between the right end of the lifting block (362) and the sliding groove, a linkage groove is formed in the lifting block (362), the positioning column (364) is arranged at the upper end of the linkage groove, the positioning column (364) is connected with the left end of the extrusion block (369) through the tightening rope (365), the internal spring (366) is connected between the extrusion block (369) and the left side of the lower end of the linkage groove, and the crushing abrasive block (367) is installed at the lower end of the lifting block (362;
the dust removal device (4) comprises an in-out frame (41), a water storage frame (42), a pressure spring piece (43) and a water absorption sponge (44), the in-out frame (41) is embedded into the side end of the outer frame (1), the water storage frame (42) is uniformly arranged at the upper end of the in-out frame (41), the pressure spring piece (43) is arranged at the lower end of the in-out frame (41), and the pressure spring piece (43) is pressed on the water absorption sponge (44);
the blowing-up device (5) comprises an air pump (51), an air pipe (52), a conveying plate (53) and an air cavity (54), wherein the conveying plate (53) is installed at the lower end of the outer frame (1), the air cavity (54) is formed in the conveying plate (53), the air cavity (54) is connected with the air pump (51) through the air pipe (52), the air pump (51) is installed on the outer side wall of the outer frame (1), and the conveying plate (53) is of a structure which gradually inclines downwards from back to front.
2. The industrial solid waste processor of claim 1, wherein: two sections of threads are arranged at the left end and the right end of the rotating shaft (32), the directions of the two sections of threads are opposite, a sliding frame (34) is arranged on each section of thread, and the rear end of each sliding frame (34) is connected with the outer frame (1) in a sliding fit mode.
3. The industrial solid waste processor of claim 1, wherein: the middle part of crushing frame (33) be equipped with scrape the groove, and scrape the structure of groove about both ends for from interior by outer tilt up gradually, extrusion groove has been seted up to both ends symmetry about crushing frame (33), and the deflector is installed to both ends symmetry about crushing frame (33), and is interval arrangement between extrusion groove and the deflector.
4. The industrial solid waste processor of claim 1, wherein: the initial state of the elastic cloth (35) is a state of gradually inclining upwards from inside to outside, and the elastic cloth (35) is evenly provided with air holes.
5. The industrial solid waste processor of claim 1, wherein: the right end of the lifting block (362) is of a structure which gradually inclines to the left from top to bottom, and the right side of the lower end of the lifting block (362) is provided with a sliding wheel through a pin shaft.
6. The industrial solid waste processor of claim 1, wherein: the right-hand member of reference column (364) be located the constant head tank, the left end of reference column (364) is connected with the upper end left side wall in linkage groove through work spring, the lower extreme of reference column (364) is equipped with spacing one, spacing one is connected with the linkage groove through sliding fit's mode, the lower extreme of extrusion piece (369) is equipped with two spacing, two spacing pieces are connected with the linkage groove through sliding fit's mode, and the right-hand member of extrusion piece (369) exposes the outside at elevator (362).
7. The industrial solid waste processor of claim 1, wherein: a rubber layer is arranged between the crushing and grinding block (367) and the lifting block (362), and trapezoidal grooves are uniformly formed in the lower end of the crushing and grinding block (367).
8. The industrial solid waste processor of any one of claims 1-7, wherein: the specific treatment method of the industrial solid waste treatment machine comprises the following steps:
s1, filling the water storage frame (42) with water, soaking the water absorption sponge (44), and clamping the in-out frame (41) again and locking the in-out frame through bolts;
s2, placing the large slag into a primary crushing device (2) to carry out primary crushing on the large slag, thereby obtaining small slag particles, and the small slag particles are intensively dropped in a scraping groove;
s3, driving the rotating shaft (32) to rotate through the driving motor (31), thereby driving the two sliding frames (34) to move reversely, scraping partial small slag to both sides and extruding the slag from the extrusion groove when the crushing mechanism (36) scrapes the upper end of the groove, thereby obtaining granular slag, wherein the specific crushing mechanism (36) works as follows:
a1, in the process that the crushing mechanism (36) is stressed to move towards the middle part, when the extrusion block (369) is blocked by the slag pile, the extrusion block moves outwards so as to drive the positioning column (364) to move outwards, and at the moment, the lifting block (362) is unlocked and then is extruded by the slag pile to move upwards;
a 2: when the lifting block (362) is stressed to move above the scraping groove, the lifting block (362) is driven to descend under the action of a return spring (361), when the lifting block (362) is stressed to move outwards, the synchronously moving crushing and sanding block (367) can scoop partial small slag and push outwards, and under the pressure of the return spring (361), the small slag can be stressed to extrude downwards when passing through the extruding groove, so that granular slag is obtained;
s4, the air pump (51) blows the air upwards from the lower end, the dust is blown upwards integrally in the crushing process, part of the dust is adsorbed by the soaked water absorption sponge (44), and part of the dust falls on the water surface in the water storage frame (42).
CN201911034752.9A 2019-10-29 2019-10-29 Industrial solid waste processor and processing method Active CN110721767B (en)

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