CN110712035A - Automatic tooling equipment for cross axle bearing - Google Patents

Automatic tooling equipment for cross axle bearing Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110712035A
CN110712035A CN201911067573.5A CN201911067573A CN110712035A CN 110712035 A CN110712035 A CN 110712035A CN 201911067573 A CN201911067573 A CN 201911067573A CN 110712035 A CN110712035 A CN 110712035A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
block
cross
assembly
cross shaft
bearing
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Application number
CN201911067573.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
束宇晨
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束宇晨
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Priority to CN201911067573.5A priority Critical patent/CN110712035A/en
Publication of CN110712035A publication Critical patent/CN110712035A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P21/00Machines for assembling a multiplicity of different parts to compose units, with or without preceding or subsequent working of such parts, e.g. with programme control
    • B23P21/002Machines for assembling a multiplicity of different parts to compose units, with or without preceding or subsequent working of such parts, e.g. with programme control the units stationary whilst being composed
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P19/00Machines for simply fitting together or separating metal parts or objects, or metal and non-metal parts, whether or not involving some deformation; Tools or devices therefor so far as not provided for in other classes
    • B23P19/001Article feeders for assembling machines
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P19/00Machines for simply fitting together or separating metal parts or objects, or metal and non-metal parts, whether or not involving some deformation; Tools or devices therefor so far as not provided for in other classes
    • B23P19/001Article feeders for assembling machines
    • B23P19/006Holding or positioning the article in front of the applying tool
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P19/00Machines for simply fitting together or separating metal parts or objects, or metal and non-metal parts, whether or not involving some deformation; Tools or devices therefor so far as not provided for in other classes
    • B23P19/02Machines for simply fitting together or separating metal parts or objects, or metal and non-metal parts, whether or not involving some deformation; Tools or devices therefor so far as not provided for in other classes for connecting objects by press fit or for detaching same
    • B23P19/027Machines for simply fitting together or separating metal parts or objects, or metal and non-metal parts, whether or not involving some deformation; Tools or devices therefor so far as not provided for in other classes for connecting objects by press fit or for detaching same using hydraulic or pneumatic means

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of bearing assembly, in particular to automatic tooling equipment for a cross shaft bearing, which comprises a processing table, a gap rotation driving assembly, a jig positioning assembly, a left material guide assembly and a right material guide assembly, wherein the gap rotation driving assembly comprises a horizontal rotating shaft capable of rotating in a gap mode, the jig positioning assembly comprises four clamping plates capable of abutting against a cross shaft, the left material guide assembly and the right material guide assembly are identical in structure and comprise pressing blocks, one end of the processing table, which is positioned at the jig positioning assembly, is provided with a material guide frame, one side of the material guide frame is respectively provided with a cross shaft feeding conveyor and a discharging conveyor, the material guide frame is provided with an upper material guide assembly and a lower material guide assembly which can move among the cross shaft feeding conveyor, the discharging conveyor and the jig positioning assembly, and the equipment can realize automatic feeding and discharging, and can assemble every trunnion of cross automatically, improve production efficiency and assembly quality.

Description

Automatic tooling equipment for cross axle bearing
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of bearing assembly, in particular to automatic tooling equipment for a cross shaft bearing.
Background
The cross axle universal joint assembly is used as a key component in an automobile transmission system, can realize variable-angle power transmission and is used for changing the position and the direction of a transmission axis, is a joint part of an automobile steering and transmission driving system, has larger and larger demand and higher requirement on product quality along with the rapid development of China as the largest automobile production country in the world and the automobile component industry, and has increasingly strong competition in the industry, wherein the cross axle assembly is used as a main body part of the cross axle universal joint and is an indispensable component of the cross axle universal joint, the quality of the cross axle assembly directly influences the fatigue life of the cross axle universal joint and influences the safety performance and the reliability of a finished automobile, the cross axle assembly mainly comprises an elastic retainer ring, a joint bearing, a cross axle, a baffle plate, an oil inlet nozzle and the like, and can be divided into two components, the utility model provides a for the cross axle, another kind is the bearing, the assembling process of cross axle assembly bearing, be exactly with four bearing assembly pressure equipment on four gudgeons of cross axle, at present, in several more famous cross axle assembly manufacturing enterprises in China, the assembly process of cross axle assembly adopts manual assembly to accomplish mostly, manual assembly wastes time and energy, and manual assembly leads to the cross axle quality of every assembly to differ, influence the assembly quality, consequently, we have proposed a cross axle bearing automatic tool equipment, so as to solve the above-mentioned problem that proposes.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide automatic tooling equipment for a cross shaft bearing, which can realize automatic feeding and discharging, can automatically assemble each trunnion of a cross shaft, and improves the production efficiency and the assembly quality.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention adopts the following technical scheme:
the utility model provides a cross axle bearing automatic tooling device, which comprises a processing table, a gap rotary driving component, a jig positioning component, a left guide component and a right guide component, wherein the gap rotary driving component is arranged at one end of the top of the processing table, the gap rotary driving component comprises a horizontal rotary shaft capable of rotating in a gap mode, the jig positioning component is horizontally and fixedly arranged at one end of the rotary shaft, the jig positioning component comprises four clamping plates capable of abutting against a cross axle, the four clamping plates are distributed in a cross mode, the left guide component and the right guide component are respectively arranged at two sides of the jig positioning component, the left guide component and the right guide component have the same structure and are symmetrically arranged, the left guide component and the right guide component both comprise pressing blocks capable of moving towards the direction of the jig positioning component, and a guide frame is arranged at one end of the processing table, which is arranged at the jig positioning component, one side of the guide frame is respectively provided with a cross shaft feeding conveyor and a discharging conveyor, and the guide frame is provided with an upper guide assembly and a lower guide assembly which can move from the cross shaft feeding conveyor, the discharging conveyor and the jig positioning assembly.
Preferably, the gap rotation driving assembly further comprises a first motor, a sheave and a driving turntable, wherein two ends of the rotating shaft are respectively provided with a bearing seat, the bottom of each bearing seat is respectively fixedly connected with the top of the processing table, two ends of the rotating shaft are respectively rotatably inserted into the inner ring of each bearing seat to extend outwards, the sheave is vertically and fixedly installed at one end of the rotating shaft away from the jig positioning assembly, the driving turntable is vertically arranged at one side of the sheave, four arc-shaped notches for avoiding the driving turntable are arranged on the sheave, the four arc-shaped notches are distributed in a cross shape, the first motor is horizontally arranged at one end of the driving turntable, the output end of the first motor is fixedly connected with the center of the driving turntable, one end of the driving turntable away from the first motor is provided with a vertical extension rod, two ends of the vertical extension rod respectively extend towards one side of the driving turntable, two extension ends of the vertical extension plate are, the grooved wheel is provided with four rectangular notches for each shifting column to slide, the four rectangular notches are distributed in a cross shape, and one end of the driving turntable, which is close to each shifting column, is provided with a fan-shaped notch.
Preferably, the jig positioning assembly further comprises a hollow rotary sleeve, a second motor, a threaded rod and a screw rod slider, the rotary sleeve is horizontally arranged at one end of the rotary shaft away from the grooved wheel, the four clamping plates are distributed in a cross shape at one end of the rotary sleeve away from the rotary shaft, one end of the rotary sleeve is fixedly connected with one end of the rotary shaft, the threaded rod is horizontally arranged in the rotary sleeve, one end of the threaded rod can be rotatably inserted into the inner wall of the rotary sleeve, the second motor is horizontally arranged at one end of the threaded rod, the second motor is fixedly connected with the inner wall of the rotary sleeve through a fixing sleeve, the screw rod slider is arranged on the threaded rod, the screw rod slider is in threaded connection with the threaded rod, first hinge blocks which are in one-to-one correspondence with the clamping plates are arranged on the screw rod slider, and extension blocks which extend towards, the rotating sleeve is provided with a rectangular moving penetrating port for each extending block to move, one end of each extending block is provided with a second hinging block, a hinging connecting rod is arranged between each first hinging block and each second hinging block, and two ends of each hinging connecting rod are hinged with the first hinging block and the second hinging block respectively.
Preferably, sliding blocks are respectively arranged on two sides of each extending block, and a sliding groove for each sliding block to slide is respectively arranged in each rectangular moving through hole.
Preferably, left side guide subassembly and right side guide subassembly still all include first lead screw transmission machine, pneumatic cylinder and horizontal movable block, first lead screw transmission machine is the level and sets up in the one side of rotatory telescopic, the bottom of first lead screw transmission machine and the top fixed connection of processing platform, the pneumatic cylinder is the level and sets up in first lead screw transmission machine one side, the lateral wall fixed connection of bottom through extending support and processing platform of pneumatic cylinder, the output of pneumatic cylinder and the one end fixed connection of briquetting, the axis of pneumatic cylinder is crossing perpendicularly with rotatory telescopic axis, the horizontal movable block is the top that the level lies in first lead screw transmission machine, the bottom of horizontal movable block and the work end fixed connection of first lead screw transmission machine, set up the bearing material way that can supply the briquetting to remove on the horizontal movable block.
Preferably, two sides of each first screw rod transmission machine are respectively provided with a baffle plate which is vertically arranged, the bottom of each baffle plate is respectively and fixedly connected with the top of the processing table, one baffle plate of the two baffle plates is provided with a bearing feed port which is butted with a bearing material channel on the horizontal moving block,
preferably, one end of each horizontal moving block, which is close to the rotating sleeve, is provided with a material guiding ring, and the material guiding rings are vertically and fixedly installed at one end of the horizontal moving block.
Preferably, upper and lower guide subassembly includes second lead screw drive machine, the upset cylinder, single-bar cylinder and electro-magnet, second lead screw drive machine is horizontal fixed mounting at the top of guide frame, the upset cylinder is the top that the level is located second lead screw drive machine, the bottom of upset cylinder and the working end fixed connection of second lead screw drive machine, the work end of upset cylinder upwards sets up, the work end of upset cylinder is equipped with the returning face plate that is the level setting, the single-bar cylinder is horizontal fixed mounting at the top of returning face plate, electro-magnet fixed mounting is at the output of single-bar cylinder, the axis of electro-magnet is the same with rotatory telescopic axis.
The invention has the beneficial effects that: an automatic tooling device for a cross axle bearing is characterized in that during machining, a turning cylinder, a single-rod cylinder and an electromagnet are driven by a second lead screw to move to one end of a cross axle feeding conveyor to stop, then the turning cylinder is started to drive the single-rod cylinder and the electromagnet to horizontally turn, so that the working end of the electromagnet is in butt joint with one end of the cross axle feeding conveyor, all cross axles are vertically conveyed by the cross axle feeding conveyor in sequence, the single-rod cylinder is started to drive and start the electromagnet, a single cross axle is taken by the electromagnet and then compounded, the sucked cross axle is driven by a second lead screw driver to move to four splint supports for positioning, when the cross axle needing tooling is placed between the four splint supports, a second motor is started, the second motor drives a threaded rod to rotate, and the threaded rod drives a lead screw sliding block to move towards the direction of the second motor, the screw rod sliding block drives one end of the hinged connecting rod to move through the first hinged block respectively, the other end of the hinged connecting rod drives the extending block to move along the rectangular moving penetrating opening respectively, each extending block drives each clamping plate to move respectively, each clamping plate is enabled to abut against the cross shaft respectively, the cross shaft is clamped tightly, when each extending block moves, the arranged sliding block moves along the sliding groove to play a role of limiting movement, after the cross shaft needing to be assembled is clamped tightly by the four clamping plates, a single bearing needing to be assembled can be moved to a bearing material channel of the horizontal moving block through the bearing material inlet by each bearing material loading conveyor, then the first screw rod transmission machine is started, the first screw rod transmission machine drives the bearing needing to be assembled on the horizontal moving block to move to one side of the cross shaft clamped by the other four clamping plates, and the arranged baffle plate prevents the bearing from sliding, and one end of the bearing is butted with a trunnion of the cross shaft, then a hydraulic cylinder is started, the hydraulic cylinder drives pressing blocks to abut against the bearing to move towards the trunnion of the cross shaft, simultaneously bearing tooling is carried out on two ends of the cross shaft, then each pressing block pushes each bearing needing tooling, the bearing needing revolution is respectively pressed and mounted through a material guide ring through the pressing blocks, the material guide ring plays a role of guiding materials, after the tooling at the two ends of the cross shaft is completed, a first motor is started, the first motor drives a driving turntable to rotate, the driving turntable rotates along an arc-shaped notch for positioning and simultaneously drives a vertical extension rod to rotate, a poke rod on the vertical extension rod moves along a rectangular notch, at the moment, the sector-shaped notch does not abut against the grooved pulley for the driving turntable and drives the grooved pulley to rotate to ninety degrees, the grooved pulley simultaneously drives a rotating shaft to rotate to ninety degrees, and the rotating shaft drives a rotating sleeve and the cross shaft clamped by four, the initiative carousel is laminated once more and rotatory setting is fixed a position in the arc incision, does not have the both ends of frock to dock the setting with every briquetting respectively, and carry out the frock once more, accomplish the back when the frock, absorb the cross that the processing was accomplished through upper and lower guide subassembly, and move and carry out the unloading on the unloading conveyer, this equipment can realize unloading in the automation, and can assemble every gudgeon of cross automatically, improve production efficiency and assembly quality.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the technical solutions of the embodiments of the present invention, the drawings required to be used in the embodiments of the present invention will be briefly described below. It is obvious that the drawings described below are only some embodiments of the invention, and that for a person skilled in the art, other drawings can be derived from them without inventive effort.
Fig. 1 is a schematic perspective view of a first embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is an enlarged view of the portion A of FIG. 1 according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 3 is a schematic perspective view illustrating a second embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is an enlarged view of the portion B of FIG. 2 according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a top view of an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 6 is a schematic perspective view illustrating an upper and lower material guiding assembly according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 7 is a partial cross-sectional view of a jig positioning assembly according to an embodiment of the invention;
FIG. 8 is an enlarged view at C of FIG. 7 in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention;
in the figure: the machining device comprises a machining table 1, a rotating shaft 2, a clamping plate 3, a pressing block 4, a guide frame 5, a cross shaft feeding conveyor 6, a discharging conveyor 7, a first motor 8, a grooved wheel 9, a driving rotary table 10, a bearing seat 11, an arc-shaped notch 12, a vertical extension rod 13, a toggle column 14, a rectangular notch 15, a fan-shaped notch 16, a hollow rotating sleeve 17, a second motor 18, a threaded rod 19, a screw rod sliding block 20, an extension block 21, a rectangular moving penetrating port 22, a hinged connecting rod 23, a sliding block 24, a sliding groove 25, a first screw rod transmission machine 26, a hydraulic cylinder 27, a horizontal moving block 28, a bearing material channel 29, a baffle 30, a bearing feeding port 31, a guide ring 32, a second screw rod transmission machine 33, a turnover cylinder 34, a single-rod cylinder 35 and an electromagnet.
Detailed Description
The technical scheme of the invention is further explained by the specific implementation mode in combination with the attached drawings.
Wherein the showings are for the purpose of illustration only and are shown by way of illustration only and not in actual form, and are not to be construed as limiting the present patent; to better illustrate the embodiments of the present invention, some parts of the drawings may be omitted, enlarged or reduced, and do not represent the size of an actual product; it will be understood by those skilled in the art that certain well-known structures in the drawings and descriptions thereof may be omitted.
The same or similar reference numerals in the drawings of the embodiments of the present invention correspond to the same or similar components; in the description of the present invention, it should be understood that if the terms "upper", "lower", "left", "right", "inner", "outer", etc. are used for indicating the orientation or positional relationship based on the orientation or positional relationship shown in the drawings, it is only for convenience of description and simplification of description, but it is not indicated or implied that the referred device or element must have a specific orientation, be constructed in a specific orientation and be operated, and therefore, the terms describing the positional relationship in the drawings are only used for illustrative purposes and are not to be construed as limitations of the present patent, and the specific meanings of the terms may be understood by those skilled in the art according to specific situations.
In the description of the present invention, unless otherwise explicitly specified or limited, the term "connected" or the like, if appearing to indicate a connection relationship between the components, is to be understood broadly, for example, as being fixed or detachable or integral; can be mechanically or electrically connected; they may be directly connected or indirectly connected through intervening media, or may be connected through one or more other components or may be in an interactive relationship with one another. The specific meanings of the above terms in the present invention can be understood in specific cases to those skilled in the art.
Referring to fig. 1 to 8, the automatic tooling equipment for the cross shaft bearing comprises a processing table 1, a gap rotation driving assembly, a jig positioning assembly, a left material guiding assembly and a right material guiding assembly, wherein the gap rotation driving assembly is positioned at one end of the top of the processing table 1, the gap rotation driving assembly comprises a horizontal rotating shaft 2 capable of rotating in a gap manner, the jig positioning assembly is horizontally and fixedly installed at one end of the rotating shaft 2, the jig positioning assembly comprises four clamping plates 3 capable of abutting against the cross shaft, the four clamping plates 3 are distributed in a cross shape, the left material guiding assembly and the right material guiding assembly are respectively arranged at two sides of the jig positioning assembly, the left material guiding assembly and the right material guiding assembly are identical in structure and are symmetrically arranged, and both the left material guiding assembly and the right material guiding assembly comprise pressing blocks 4 capable of moving towards the direction of the jig positioning assembly, the processing platform 1 is located the one end of tool locating component and is equipped with guide frame 5, and one side of guide frame 5 is equipped with cross material loading conveyer 6 and unloading conveyer 7 respectively, is equipped with the upper and lower guide subassembly that can follow and move between cross material loading conveyer 6, unloading conveyer 7 and the tool locating component on the guide frame 5.
The clearance rotation driving assembly further comprises a first motor 8, a grooved pulley 9 and a driving rotary table 10, wherein two ends of the rotating shaft 2 are respectively provided with a bearing seat 11, the bottom of each bearing seat 11 is respectively fixedly connected with the top of the processing table 1, two ends of the rotating shaft 2 are respectively rotatably inserted into an inner ring of each bearing seat 11 and extend outwards, the grooved pulley 9 is vertically and fixedly arranged at one end of the rotating shaft 2 away from the jig positioning assembly, the driving rotary table 10 is vertically arranged at one side of the grooved pulley 9, the grooved pulley 9 is provided with four arc-shaped notches 12 for avoiding the driving rotary table 10, the four arc-shaped notches 12 are distributed in a cross shape, the first motor 8 is horizontally arranged at one end of the driving rotary table 10, the output end of the first motor 8 is fixedly connected with the center of the driving rotary table 10, one end of the driving rotary table 10 away from the first motor 8 is provided with a vertical extension rod 13, two ends, two extending ends of the vertical extending plate are respectively provided with a toggle column 14 which is horizontally arranged, four rectangular notches 15 which are used for each toggle column 14 to slide are arranged on the grooved pulley 9, the four rectangular notches 15 are distributed in a cross shape, one end of the driving turntable 10 which is close to each toggle column 14 is provided with a fan-shaped notch 16, after the tooling at two ends of the cross shaft is completed, the first motor 8 is started, the first motor 8 drives the driving turntable 10 to rotate, the driving turntable 10 rotates along the arc-shaped notch 12 for positioning and simultaneously drives the vertical extending rod 13 to rotate, the toggle rod on the vertical extending rod 13 moves along the rectangular notch 15, at this time, the fan-shaped notch 16 does not collide with the grooved pulley 9 for the driving turntable 10 and drives the grooved pulley 9 to rotate to ninety degrees, the grooved pulley 9 simultaneously drives the rotating shaft 2 to rotate to ninety degrees, the rotating shaft 2 drives the rotating sleeve and the cross shaft clamped by the four clamping, the driving rotary plate 10 is attached again and is rotationally arranged in the arc-shaped notch 12 to be positioned, the two ends of the universal joint pin without the tool are respectively in butt joint with each pressing block 4, the tool is arranged again, after the tool is completed, the machined universal joint pin is sucked through the upper and lower material guide assemblies, and the universal joint pin is moved to the discharging conveyor 7 to be discharged.
The jig positioning assembly further comprises a hollow rotary sleeve 17, a second motor 18, a threaded rod 19 and a screw rod slider 20, wherein the rotary sleeve is horizontally arranged at one end of the rotary shaft 2 away from the grooved wheel 9, the four clamping plates 3 are distributed in a cross shape and arranged at one end of the rotary sleeve away from the rotary shaft 2, one end of the rotary sleeve is fixedly connected with one end of the rotary shaft 2, the threaded rod 19 is horizontally arranged in the rotary sleeve, one end of the threaded rod 19 can be rotatably inserted into the inner wall of the rotary sleeve, the second motor 18 is horizontally arranged at one end of the threaded rod 19, the second motor 18 is fixedly connected with the inner wall of the rotary sleeve through a fixing sleeve, the screw rod slider 20 is arranged on the threaded rod 19, the screw rod slider 20 is in threaded connection with the threaded rod 19, first hinged blocks which correspond to each clamping plate 3 one by one are arranged on the screw rod slider 20, one end of each clamping plate 3, which, the rotating sleeve is provided with a rectangular moving penetration 22 for each extending block 21 to move, one end of each extending block 21 is provided with a second hinging block, a hinging connecting rod 23 is arranged between each first hinging block and each second hinging block, two ends of each hinging connecting rod 23 are respectively hinged with the first hinging block and the second hinging block, when a cross shaft needing tooling is placed between four clamping plates 3, the second motor 18 is started, the second motor 18 drives the threaded rod 19 to rotate, the threaded rod 19 drives the screw rod sliding block 20 to move towards the direction of the second motor 18, the screw rod sliding block 20 drives one end of the hinging connecting rod 23 to move through the first hinging block, the other end of the hinging connecting rod 23 drives the extending block 21 to move along the rectangular moving penetration 22 respectively, each extending block 21 drives each clamping plate 3 to move respectively, and each clamping plate 3 is enabled to abut against the cross shaft respectively, and the spider is clamped.
The two sides of each extending block 21 are respectively provided with a sliding block 24, each rectangular moving penetrating opening 22 is respectively provided with a sliding groove 25 for each sliding block 24 to slide, and when each extending block 21 moves, the arranged sliding block 24 moves along the sliding groove 25 to play a role in limiting movement.
The left side guide assembly and the right side guide assembly further comprise a first lead screw transmission machine 26, a hydraulic cylinder 27 and a horizontal moving block 28, the first lead screw transmission machine 26 is horizontally arranged on one side of the rotary sleeve, the bottom of the first lead screw transmission machine 26 is fixedly connected with the top of the processing table 1, the hydraulic cylinder 27 is horizontally arranged on one side of the first lead screw transmission machine 26, the bottom of the hydraulic cylinder 27 is fixedly connected with the side wall of the processing table 1 through an extending support, the output end of the hydraulic cylinder 27 is fixedly connected with one end of the pressing block 4, the axis of the hydraulic cylinder 27 is perpendicularly intersected with the axis of the rotary sleeve, the horizontal moving block is horizontally arranged above the first lead screw transmission machine 26, the bottom of the horizontal moving block 28 is fixedly connected with the working end of the first lead screw transmission machine 26, and a bearing material channel 29 capable of allowing the pressing block 4 to move is formed in the.
Two sides of each first lead screw driving machine 26 are respectively provided with a baffle 30 which is vertically arranged, the bottom of each baffle 30 is respectively fixedly connected with the top of the processing table 1, one baffle 30 of the two baffles 30 is provided with a bearing feed port 31 which is butted with a bearing feed channel 29 on the horizontal moving block 28, when a cross shaft needing tooling is clamped by four clamping plates 3, a single bearing needing tooling can be moved to the bearing feed channel 29 of the horizontal moving block 28 through the bearing feed port 31 by each bearing feed conveyor, then the first lead screw driving machine 26 is started, the first lead screw driving machine 26 drives the bearing needing tooling on the horizontal moving block 28 to move to one side of the cross shaft which is clamped by the four clamping plates 3, the arranged baffles 30 prevent the bearing from sliding off, one end of the bearing is butted with a trunnion of the cross shaft, at this time, the hydraulic cylinder 27 is started, the hydraulic cylinder 27 drives the bearing 4 to move towards the trunnion direction of the cross shaft, and simultaneously, the two ends of the cross shaft are subjected to bearing tooling,
one end of each horizontal moving block 28, which is close to the rotating sleeve, is provided with a guide ring 32, the guide ring 32 is vertically and fixedly mounted at one end of the horizontal moving block 28, before each pressing block 4 pushes each bearing to be assembled, the bearing to be revolved is pressed and mounted through the guide ring 32 by the pressing block 4, and the guide ring 32 plays a role in guiding materials.
The upper and lower material guiding assembly comprises a second screw rod transmission machine 33, a turning cylinder 34, a single-rod cylinder 35 and an electromagnet 36, the second screw rod transmission machine 33 is horizontally and fixedly installed at the top of the material guiding frame 5, the turning cylinder 34 is horizontally positioned above the second screw rod transmission machine 33, the bottom of the turning cylinder 34 is fixedly connected with the working end of the second screw rod transmission machine 33, the working end of the turning cylinder 34 is arranged upwards, a turning plate which is horizontally arranged is arranged at the working end of the turning cylinder 34, the single-rod cylinder 35 is horizontally and fixedly installed at the top of the turning plate, the electromagnet 36 is fixedly installed at the output end of the single-rod cylinder 35, the axis of the electromagnet 36 is the same as that of the rotary sleeve, during processing, the turning cylinder 34, the single-rod cylinder 35 and the electromagnet 36 are driven by the second screw rod transmission belt to move to one end of the cross-shaft feeding conveyor 6 to stop, then the turning cylinder 34 is started to drive the single, make the work end of electro-magnet 36 and the one end butt joint setting of cross material loading conveyer 6, all cross shafts all are vertical to loop through cross material loading conveyer 6 and carry, start single-pole cylinder 35 and drive and start electro-magnet 36, get the material through electro-magnet 36 with single cross shaft, compound afterwards, the cross shaft that rethread second lead screw drive machine 33 drove the absorption removes to four splint 3 supports and fixes a position.
The working principle is as follows: when in processing, the turning cylinder 34, the single-rod cylinder 35 and the electromagnet 36 are driven by the second lead screw to move to one end of the cross shaft feeding conveyor 6 to stop, then the turning cylinder 34 is started to drive the single-rod cylinder 35 and the electromagnet 36 to horizontally turn, so that the working end of the electromagnet 36 is in butt joint with one end of the cross shaft feeding conveyor 6, all cross shafts are vertically conveyed by the cross shaft feeding conveyor 6 in sequence, the single-rod cylinder 35 is started to drive and start the electromagnet 36, the single cross shaft is taken by the electromagnet 36 and then compounded, the sucked cross shaft is driven by the second lead screw driver 33 to move to the supports of the four clamping plates 3 for positioning, when the cross shaft needing to be assembled is placed between the four clamping plates 3, the second motor 18 is started, the second motor 18 drives the threaded rod 19 to rotate, the threaded rod 19 drives the sliding block 20 to move towards the direction of the second motor 18, the screw rod sliding block 20 drives one end of a hinged connecting rod 23 to move through a first hinged block respectively, the other end of the hinged connecting rod 23 drives an extension block 21 to move along a rectangular moving through hole 22 respectively, each extension block 21 drives each clamping plate 3 to move respectively, each clamping plate 3 is enabled to abut against a cross shaft respectively and clamp the cross shaft tightly, when each extension block 21 moves, a set sliding block 24 moves along a sliding groove 25 to play a role of limiting movement, after the cross shaft needing tooling is clamped by four clamping plates 3, a single bearing needing tooling can be moved to a bearing material channel 29 of a horizontal moving block 28 through a bearing material inlet 31 by each bearing material loading conveyor, then a first screw rod transmission machine 26 is started, the bearing needing tooling on the horizontal moving block 28 is driven by the first screw rod transmission machine 26 to move to one side of the cross shaft clamped by the four clamping plates 3 respectively, the arranged baffle 30 prevents the bearing from sliding off, and one end of the bearing is butted with a trunnion of the cross shaft, at this time, the hydraulic cylinder 27 is started, the hydraulic cylinder 27 drives the pressing block 4 to abut against the bearing to move towards the trunnion of the cross shaft, and simultaneously, bearing tooling is carried out on two ends of the cross shaft, then, each pressing block 4 pushes each bearing needing tooling, the bearing needing revolution is pressed and mounted through the material guide ring 32 respectively through the pressing block 4, the material guide ring 32 plays a role of material guide, after the tooling is completed on the two ends of the cross shaft, the first motor 8 is started, the first motor 8 drives the driving turntable 10 to rotate, the driving turntable 10 rotates along the arc-shaped notch 12 for positioning and simultaneously drives the vertical extension rod 13 to rotate, the poking rod on the vertical extension rod 13 moves along the rectangular notch 15, at this time, the fan-shaped notch 16 does not abut against the grooved pulley 9 for the driving turntable 10 and drives the grooved pulley 9 to rotate, sheave 9 drives rotation axis 2 simultaneously and rotates ninety degrees to, rotation axis 2 drives rotatory sleeve and is rotated ninety degrees by the cross that four splint 3 press from both sides tightly, initiative carousel 10 laminates once more and rotatory setting is fixed a position in arc incision 12, do not have the both ends of frock with the cross respectively with every briquetting 4 butt joint setting, and carry out the frock once more, after the frock is accomplished, absorb the cross that the processing was accomplished through upper and lower guide subassembly, and move to and carry out the unloading on unloading conveyer 7.
It should be understood that the above-described embodiments are merely preferred embodiments of the invention and the technical principles applied thereto. It will be understood by those skilled in the art that various modifications, equivalents, changes, and the like can be made to the present invention. However, such variations are within the scope of the invention as long as they do not depart from the spirit of the invention. In addition, certain terms used in the specification and claims of the present application are not limiting, but are used merely for convenience of description.

Claims (8)

1. The utility model provides an automatic construction installation equipment of cross axle bearing which characterized in that: comprises a processing table (1), a gap rotary driving component, a jig positioning component, a left guide component and a right guide component, wherein the gap rotary driving component is positioned at one end of the top of the processing table (1), the gap rotary driving component comprises a horizontal rotating shaft (2) capable of rotating in a gap mode, the jig positioning component is horizontally and fixedly installed at one end of the rotating shaft (2), the jig positioning component comprises four clamping plates (3) capable of abutting against a cross shaft, the four clamping plates (3) are distributed in a cross mode, the left guide component and the right guide component are respectively arranged on two sides of the jig positioning component, the left guide component and the right guide component are identical in structure and are symmetrically arranged, and both the left guide component and the right guide component comprise pressing blocks (4) capable of moving towards the direction of the jig positioning component, one end of the processing table (1) located at the jig positioning component is provided with a guide frame (5), one side of the guide frame (5) is provided with a cross shaft feeding conveyor (6) and a discharging conveyor (7) respectively, and the guide frame (5) is provided with an upper guide component and a lower guide component which can move between the cross shaft feeding conveyor (6), the discharging conveyor (7) and the jig positioning component.
2. The automatic tooling equipment for the cross shaft bearing according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the clearance rotation driving assembly further comprises a first motor (8), a grooved pulley (9) and a driving turntable (10), wherein bearing seats (11) are respectively arranged at two ends of the rotating shaft (2), the bottom of each bearing seat (11) is respectively fixedly connected with the top of the processing table (1), inner rings inserted in each bearing seat (11) and extending outwards can be respectively rotatably arranged at two ends of the rotating shaft (2), the grooved pulley (9) is vertically and fixedly arranged at one end of the rotating shaft (2) far away from the jig positioning assembly, the driving turntable (10) is vertically arranged at one side of the grooved pulley (9), four arc-shaped notches (12) used for avoiding the driving turntable (10) are arranged on the grooved pulley (9), the four arc-shaped notches (12) are distributed in a cross shape, the first motor (8) is horizontally arranged at one end of the driving turntable (10), the output end of the first motor (8) is fixedly connected with the center of the driving turntable (10), the one end that first motor (8) were kept away from in initiative carousel (10) sets up vertical extension rod (13), the both ends of vertical extension rod (13) extend to one side of initiative carousel (10) respectively, two extension ends of vertical extension board are equipped with stir post (14) that are the level setting respectively, be equipped with four on sheave (9) and be used for supplying every to stir gliding rectangle incision (15) of post (14), four rectangle incisions (15) are the cross and distribute the setting, fan-shaped incision (16) have been seted up to the one end that is close to every on initiative carousel (10) and stirs post (14).
3. The automatic tooling equipment for the cross shaft bearing according to claim 2, is characterized in that: the jig positioning assembly further comprises a hollow rotary sleeve (17), a second motor (18), a threaded rod (19) and a screw rod sliding block (20), the rotary sleeve is horizontally positioned at one end of the rotary shaft (2) far away from the grooved wheel (9), four clamping plates (3) are distributed in a cross shape and are arranged at one ends of the rotary sleeve far away from the rotary shaft (2), one end of the rotary sleeve is fixedly connected with one end of the rotary shaft (2), the threaded rod (19) is horizontally arranged in the rotary sleeve, one end of the threaded rod (19) can be rotatably inserted into the inner wall of the rotary sleeve, the second motor (18) is horizontally positioned at one end of the threaded rod (19), the second motor (18) is fixedly connected with the inner wall of the rotary sleeve through a fixing sleeve, the screw rod sliding block (20) is arranged on the threaded rod (19), the screw rod sliding block (20) is in threaded connection with the threaded rod (19), first hinged blocks which correspond to each clamping plate (3) one by one are, one end of each clamping plate (3) close to the rotary sleeve is provided with an extension block (21) extending towards the inside of the rotary sleeve respectively, the rotary sleeve is provided with a rectangular moving penetrating port (22) for supplying each extension block (21) to move, one end of each extension block (21) is provided with a second hinge block respectively, a hinge connecting rod (23) is arranged between each first hinge block and each second hinge block respectively, and two ends of each hinge connecting rod (23) are hinged to the first hinge block and the second hinge block respectively.
4. The automatic tooling equipment for the cross shaft bearing according to claim 3, is characterized in that: sliding blocks (24) are respectively arranged on two sides of each extending block (21), and sliding grooves (25) for sliding each sliding block (24) are respectively arranged in each rectangular moving penetrating opening (22).
5. The automatic tooling equipment for the cross shaft bearing according to claim 4, is characterized in that: the left material guiding assembly and the right material guiding assembly also comprise a first screw rod transmission machine (26), pneumatic cylinder (27) and horizontal moving block (28), first lead screw transmission machine (26) are the level and set up in the one side of rotatory sleeve, the bottom of first lead screw transmission machine (26) and the top fixed connection of processing platform (1), pneumatic cylinder (27) are the level and set up in first lead screw transmission machine (26) one side, the lateral wall fixed connection of bottom through extending support and processing platform (1) of pneumatic cylinder (27), the output of pneumatic cylinder (27) and the one end fixed connection of briquetting (4), the axis of pneumatic cylinder (27) is crossing perpendicularly with rotatory telescopic axis, the horizontal moving block is the top of level in first lead screw transmission machine (26), the bottom of horizontal moving block (28) and the work end fixed connection of first lead screw transmission machine (26), set up bearing material way (29) that can supply briquetting (4) to remove on horizontal moving block (28).
6. The automatic tooling equipment for the cross shaft bearing according to claim 5, is characterized in that: two sides of each first screw rod transmission machine (26) are respectively provided with a baffle (30) which is vertically arranged, the bottom of each baffle (30) is respectively fixedly connected with the top of the processing table (1), and one baffle (30) of the two baffles (30) is provided with a bearing feed inlet (31) which is butted with a bearing material channel (29) on the horizontal moving block (28).
7. The automatic tooling equipment for the cross shaft bearing according to claim 6, is characterized in that: one end of each horizontal moving block (28) close to the rotating sleeve is provided with a guide ring (32), and the guide rings (32) are vertically and fixedly installed at one end of the horizontal moving block (28).
8. The automatic tooling equipment for the cross shaft bearing according to claim 7, is characterized in that: upper and lower guide subassembly includes second screw rod transmission machine (33), upset cylinder (34), single-pole cylinder (35) and electro-magnet (36), second screw rod transmission machine (33) are the top of horizontal fixed mounting in guide frame (5), upset cylinder (34) are the top that the level is located second screw rod transmission machine (33), the bottom of upset cylinder (34) and the work end fixed connection of second screw rod transmission machine (33), the work end of upset cylinder (34) upwards sets up, the work end of upset cylinder (34) is equipped with the returning face plate that is the level and sets up, single-pole cylinder (35) are horizontal fixed mounting at the top of returning face plate, electro-magnet (36) fixed mounting is at the output of single-pole cylinder (35), the axis of electro-magnet (36) is the same with rotatory telescopic axis.
CN201911067573.5A 2019-11-04 2019-11-04 Automatic tooling equipment for cross axle bearing Withdrawn CN110712035A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201911067573.5A CN110712035A (en) 2019-11-04 2019-11-04 Automatic tooling equipment for cross axle bearing

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201911067573.5A CN110712035A (en) 2019-11-04 2019-11-04 Automatic tooling equipment for cross axle bearing

Publications (1)

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CN110712035A true CN110712035A (en) 2020-01-21

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Country Link
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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112060007A (en) * 2020-09-01 2020-12-11 武汉昊诚能源科技有限公司 Battery waterproof ring mounting machine
CN112207777A (en) * 2020-09-18 2021-01-12 中车长春轨道客车股份有限公司 Universal shaft examines and repair and uses frock
CN112264796A (en) * 2020-09-21 2021-01-26 人本股份有限公司 Tripod universal joint assembling device
CN112338419A (en) * 2020-11-16 2021-02-09 张彩萍 Automatic welding tool for I-shaped square tubes
CN113146517A (en) * 2021-03-15 2021-07-23 宁波百诺肯轴承有限公司 Assembly fixture for bearing production
CN113263321A (en) * 2021-04-20 2021-08-17 浙江佛尔泰智能设备有限公司 Shaft end part automatic installation device capable of eliminating axial force

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CN109396832A (en) * 2018-11-14 2019-03-01 叶华雅 A kind of assembly equipment for automobile triangular arm
CN109693091A (en) * 2019-03-13 2019-04-30 潘金彩 A kind of automatic assembly equipment for screwdriver
CN110202601A (en) * 2019-05-23 2019-09-06 江苏精正自动化科技有限公司 The novel mini multi-functional electronic claw of version

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DE102014212580A1 (en) * 2014-06-30 2015-12-31 Aktiebolaget Skf Universal joint with axial support and method for assembling a universal joint
KR101631699B1 (en) * 2016-05-03 2016-06-21 성백남 Overlay welding equipment for wear parts of crusher
CN106041483A (en) * 2016-07-12 2016-10-26 南京航空航天大学 Automatic assembly device and assembly method of cross shaft assembly bearing
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CN112060007A (en) * 2020-09-01 2020-12-11 武汉昊诚能源科技有限公司 Battery waterproof ring mounting machine
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CN112207777A (en) * 2020-09-18 2021-01-12 中车长春轨道客车股份有限公司 Universal shaft examines and repair and uses frock
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CN112264796A (en) * 2020-09-21 2021-01-26 人本股份有限公司 Tripod universal joint assembling device
CN112338419A (en) * 2020-11-16 2021-02-09 张彩萍 Automatic welding tool for I-shaped square tubes
CN113146517A (en) * 2021-03-15 2021-07-23 宁波百诺肯轴承有限公司 Assembly fixture for bearing production
CN113263321A (en) * 2021-04-20 2021-08-17 浙江佛尔泰智能设备有限公司 Shaft end part automatic installation device capable of eliminating axial force

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Application publication date: 20200121