CN110701442A - Water conservancy and hydropower engineering surveying and mapping device and method - Google Patents

Water conservancy and hydropower engineering surveying and mapping device and method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110701442A
CN110701442A CN201911008912.2A CN201911008912A CN110701442A CN 110701442 A CN110701442 A CN 110701442A CN 201911008912 A CN201911008912 A CN 201911008912A CN 110701442 A CN110701442 A CN 110701442A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
plate
support
main body
total station
shaft
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Granted
Application number
CN201911008912.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN110701442B (en
Inventor
曾青松
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Wenzhou Jianghang Construction Co Ltd
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Wenzhou Jianghang Construction Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201911008912.2A priority Critical patent/CN110701442B/en
Publication of CN110701442A publication Critical patent/CN110701442A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN110701442B publication Critical patent/CN110701442B/en
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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16MFRAMES, CASINGS OR BEDS OF ENGINES, MACHINES OR APPARATUS, NOT SPECIFIC TO ENGINES, MACHINES OR APPARATUS PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE; STANDS; SUPPORTS
    • F16M11/00Stands or trestles as supports for apparatus or articles placed thereon Stands for scientific apparatus such as gravitational force meters
    • F16M11/02Heads
    • F16M11/04Means for attachment of apparatus; Means allowing adjustment of the apparatus relatively to the stand
    • F16M11/041Allowing quick release of the apparatus
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16MFRAMES, CASINGS OR BEDS OF ENGINES, MACHINES OR APPARATUS, NOT SPECIFIC TO ENGINES, MACHINES OR APPARATUS PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE; STANDS; SUPPORTS
    • F16M11/00Stands or trestles as supports for apparatus or articles placed thereon Stands for scientific apparatus such as gravitational force meters
    • F16M11/02Heads
    • F16M11/04Means for attachment of apparatus; Means allowing adjustment of the apparatus relatively to the stand
    • F16M11/043Allowing translations
    • F16M11/046Allowing translations adapted to upward-downward translation movement
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16MFRAMES, CASINGS OR BEDS OF ENGINES, MACHINES OR APPARATUS, NOT SPECIFIC TO ENGINES, MACHINES OR APPARATUS PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE; STANDS; SUPPORTS
    • F16M11/00Stands or trestles as supports for apparatus or articles placed thereon Stands for scientific apparatus such as gravitational force meters
    • F16M11/02Heads
    • F16M11/18Heads with mechanism for moving the apparatus relatively to the stand
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16MFRAMES, CASINGS OR BEDS OF ENGINES, MACHINES OR APPARATUS, NOT SPECIFIC TO ENGINES, MACHINES OR APPARATUS PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE; STANDS; SUPPORTS
    • F16M11/00Stands or trestles as supports for apparatus or articles placed thereon Stands for scientific apparatus such as gravitational force meters
    • F16M11/20Undercarriages with or without wheels
    • F16M11/24Undercarriages with or without wheels changeable in height or length of legs, also for transport only, e.g. by means of tubes screwed into each other
    • F16M11/38Undercarriages with or without wheels changeable in height or length of legs, also for transport only, e.g. by means of tubes screwed into each other by folding, e.g. pivoting or scissors tong mechanisms
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01CMEASURING DISTANCES, LEVELS OR BEARINGS; SURVEYING; NAVIGATION; GYROSCOPIC INSTRUMENTS; PHOTOGRAMMETRY OR VIDEOGRAMMETRY
    • G01C15/00Surveying instruments or accessories not provided for in groups G01C1/00 - G01C13/00

Abstract

The invention discloses a water conservancy and hydropower engineering surveying and mapping device, which comprises a total station main body, a first rotating shaft, a support frame, a driving gear and a second rotating shaft, wherein the total station main body is arranged on the bottom surface of a flat plate, a connecting groove is formed in the center of the bottom surface of the total station main body, a limiting hole is formed in the inner wall of the bottom end of the total station main body, the limiting hole is mutually connected with the connecting groove, the connecting groove is mutually connected with a fixing plate, the fixing plate is fixedly arranged on the top surface of the flat plate, a limiting groove is formed in the flat plate, and a supporting shaft is fixedly arranged. This hydraulic and hydroelectric engineering mapping device and mapping method thereof, the work that the block equipment was carried out through spread groove and fixed plate to the total powerstation main part is convenient for tentatively fix a position the total powerstation main part, and overlooking of fixed plate is the square simultaneously, and the effectual total powerstation main part that prevents takes place to incline is connected through the block in spacing axle and spacing hole and is fixed, conveniently carries out installation work in the follow-up.

Description

Water conservancy and hydropower engineering surveying and mapping device and method
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of hydraulic and hydroelectric engineering, in particular to a hydraulic and hydroelectric engineering surveying and mapping device and a surveying and mapping method thereof.
Background
Hydraulic and hydroelectric engineering builds mainly to hydraulic and hydroelectric, surveys hydraulic and hydroelectric engineering and relevant engineering through relevant equipment and instrument, plans, designs, works such as construction, is carrying out the during operation of surveying and mapping to hydraulic and hydroelectric engineering, need use hydraulic and hydroelectric engineering mapping device, but current hydraulic and hydroelectric engineering mapping device still has following problem:
1. in the using process, the total station and the tripod are not convenient and fast to assemble, and the total station is easy to incline after being assembled, so that the subsequent surveying and mapping work is influenced, and the operation and the use of the hydraulic and hydroelectric engineering surveying and mapping device by workers are facilitated;
2. the staff is at the in-process that uses this hydraulic and hydroelectric engineering mapping device, can't carry out suitable altitude mixture control work to installing the total powerstation on the tripod to the personnel that lead to different heights operate inconveniently when using, can not make this hydraulic and hydroelectric engineering mapping device adapt to different staff.
We therefore propose a water conservancy and hydropower engineering surveying and mapping device and a surveying and mapping method thereof so as to solve the problems set forth above.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a hydraulic and hydroelectric engineering surveying and mapping device and a surveying and mapping method thereof, and aims to solve the problems that the existing hydraulic and hydroelectric engineering surveying and mapping device in the market proposed by the background technology is not convenient and fast in installation of a total station in the using process, and meanwhile, the subsequent proper adjustment work on the height of the total station cannot be effectively carried out, so that the hydraulic and hydroelectric engineering surveying and mapping device is not suitable for people with different heights.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme: a mapping device for water conservancy and hydropower engineering comprises a total station main body, a first rotating shaft, a supporting frame, a driving gear and a second rotating shaft, wherein the total station main body is arranged on the bottom surface of a flat plate, a connecting groove is formed in the center of the bottom surface of the total station main body, a limiting hole is formed in the inner wall of the bottom end of the total station main body and is connected with the connecting groove, the connecting groove is connected with a fixed plate, the fixed plate is fixedly arranged on the top surface of the flat plate, a limiting groove is formed in the flat plate, a supporting shaft is fixedly arranged on the bottom surface of the flat plate and penetrates through a bracket top plate and a connecting gear, the bracket top plate is positioned below the flat plate and is connected with a limiting rod, the limiting rod penetrates through the bracket top plate and is fixedly connected with the bottom surface of the flat plate, the bracket top plate is connected with the top end of, the connecting gear is installed in the support top plate and is meshed with the driving gear, the driving gear is connected with the support top plate through a second rotating shaft, and the driving gear protrudes out of the outer surface of the support top plate.
Preferably, the fixed plate is connected with the total station main body through a connecting groove in a clamping manner, and the overlook of the fixed plate is square.
Preferably, the fixed plate includes connecting block, spacing axle and coupling spring, and the internally mounted of fixed plate has the connecting block, connecting block and spacing axle fixed connection, and spacing axle pass fixed plate and spacing hole interconnect to coupling spring is installed in the outside of spacing axle, coupling spring is located the inside of fixed plate, the connecting block is about the longitudinal center line symmetric distribution of fixed plate, and the connecting block constitutes extending structure through spacing axle and coupling spring and fixed plate to spacing axle is connected for the block with the connected mode in spacing hole.
Preferably, the back shaft includes connecting rod, push pedal, ball, bolt and screw, and the connecting rod is installed at the center of back shaft, the connecting rod passes the bottom surface and the push pedal fixed connection of back shaft, and the push pedal is located the inside of spacing groove to the top surface and the connecting block laminating of push pedal are connected, ball and bolt interconnect are passed through to the bottom of connecting rod, and bolt and screw threaded connection, and the screw setting is in the bottom surface of back shaft.
Preferably, the connecting rod and the supporting shaft form a sliding structure, the top of the pushing plate at the top end of the connecting rod is an isosceles triangle, the pushing plate forms a sliding structure with the flat plate through the limiting groove, and the bottom end of the connecting rod forms a rotating structure through a ball and a bolt.
Preferably, the number of the limiting rods is 2, the 2 limiting rods are symmetrically distributed around the longitudinal center line of the flat plate, and the limiting rods and the top plate of the support form a sliding structure.
Preferably, the support frame and the support top plate form a rotating structure through a first rotating shaft, and the bottom end of the support frame is in threaded connection with the support bottom shaft.
Preferably, the connecting gear and the top plate of the bracket form a rotating structure, the connecting gear and the supporting shaft are connected in a threaded manner, the supporting shaft and the top plate of the bracket form a sliding structure, and the supporting shaft is in a T shape in front view.
The invention provides another technical scheme for providing a surveying and mapping method of a water conservancy and hydropower engineering surveying and mapping device, which comprises the following steps:
s1: firstly, the hydraulic and hydroelectric engineering surveying and mapping device is supported by the rotary expansion of a support frame, and the support frame is subjected to fine adjustment work by the rotation of a support bottom shaft;
s2: then, the total station main body is clamped with the fixing plate through the connecting groove, and the connecting block is extruded through the push plate subsequently, so that the limiting shaft slides into the limiting hole to be fixed;
s3: then, the driving gear is shifted to drive the connecting gear to rotate, so that the connecting gear drives the supporting shaft in threaded connection to ascend, and the height of the total station main body is convenient to adjust;
s4: turning on a power switch of the total station main body 1, and displaying a current prism constant, a weather correction and a power voltage by a display on the total station main body 1;
s5: self-checking the instrument;
s6: setting parameters;
s7: measuring angles, distances and coordinates;
s8: collimation and measurement;
s9: and (5) finishing measurement and shutting down.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that: the water conservancy and hydropower engineering surveying and mapping device and the water conservancy and hydropower engineering surveying and mapping method comprise the following steps:
1. the total station main body is clamped and assembled with the fixing plate through the connecting groove, so that the total station main body is conveniently and preliminarily positioned, meanwhile, the overlooking of the fixing plate is square, the total station main body is effectively prevented from inclining, and the total station main body is subsequently fixed through the clamping connection of the limiting shaft and the limiting hole, so that the installation work is convenient;
2. the height of the push plate is lifted by the worker through the rotation of the bolt, so that the push plate extrudes and separates the connecting block, the clamping and separating work of the limiting shaft and the limiting hole is facilitated, the installation, the taking and the unloading of the total station main body are facilitated, and the convenience in operation is improved;
3. through stirring drive gear, make drive gear drive connecting gear rotate to make connecting gear drive the back shaft and carry out the lift work, and the dull and stereotyped drive gag lever post at back shaft top slides on the support roof, and the effectual dull and stereotyped and back shaft that prevents takes place to rotate, is convenient for drive the total powerstation main part simultaneously and carries out the regulation work of high position.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the overall front cross-sectional structure of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is an enlarged view of the structure at A in FIG. 1 according to the present invention;
FIG. 3 is an enlarged view of the structure at B in FIG. 1 according to the present invention;
FIG. 4 is an enlarged view of the structure of FIG. 2 at C according to the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic top sectional view of the top plate of the stand of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic top view of a fixing plate according to the present invention;
fig. 7 is a perspective view of the supporting shaft of the present invention.
In the figure: 1. a total station body; 2. a flat plate; 3. connecting grooves; 4. a limiting hole; 5. a fixing plate; 51. connecting blocks; 52. a limiting shaft; 53. a connecting spring; 6. a limiting groove; 7. a support shaft; 71. a connecting rod; 72. pushing the plate; 73. a ball bearing; 74. a bolt; 75. a screw hole; 8. a bracket top plate; 9. a limiting rod; 10. a first rotating shaft; 11. a support frame; 12. a support bottom shaft; 13. a connecting gear; 14. a drive gear; 15. a second rotating shaft.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1-7, the present invention provides a technical solution: a water conservancy and hydropower engineering surveying and mapping device comprises a total station main body 1, a first rotating shaft 10, a support frame 11, a driving gear 14 and a second rotating shaft 15, wherein the total station main body 1 is arranged on the bottom surface of a flat plate 2, a connecting groove 3 is formed in the center of the bottom surface of the total station main body 1, a limiting hole 4 is formed in the inner wall of the bottom end of the total station main body 1, the limiting hole 4 is connected with the connecting groove 3, the connecting groove 3 is connected with a fixing plate 5, the fixing plate 5 is fixedly arranged on the top surface of the flat plate 2, a limiting groove 6 is arranged inside the flat plate 2, a support shaft 7 is fixedly arranged on the bottom surface of the flat plate 2, the support shaft 7 penetrates through a support top plate 8 and a connecting gear 13, the support top plate 8 is positioned below the flat plate 2, the support top plate 8 is connected with a limiting rod 9, the limiting rod 9 penetrates through the support top plate 8 to be, and the bottom end of the supporting frame 11 is provided with a supporting bottom shaft 12, the connecting gear 13 is arranged inside the support top plate 8, the connecting gear 13 is meshed with the driving gear 14, the driving gear 14 is mutually connected with the support top plate 8 through a second rotating shaft 15, and the driving gear 14 protrudes out of the outer surface of the support top plate 8.
Fixed plate 5 is connected for the block through the connected mode of spread groove 3 with total powerstation main part 1, and overlook of fixed plate 5 be the square, makes things convenient for the staff to be connected total powerstation main part 1 through the block with fixed plate 5 and carries out preliminary positioning work to be the square because of overlooking of fixed plate 5, the effectual total powerstation main part 1 that prevents takes place the slope phenomenon at the in-process of installing.
The fixing plate 5 comprises a connecting block 51, a limiting shaft 52 and a connecting spring 53, the connecting block 51 is arranged in the fixing plate 5, the connecting block 51 is fixedly connected with the limiting shaft 52, the limiting shaft 52 penetrates through the fixing plate 5 to be connected with the limiting hole 4, and a connecting spring 53 is installed at the outer side of the limiting shaft 52, the connecting spring 53 is positioned inside the fixing plate 5, the connecting blocks 51 are symmetrically distributed about the longitudinal center line of the fixing plate 5, and the connecting block 51 and the fixing plate 5 form a telescopic structure through a limiting shaft 52 and a connecting spring 53, the connection mode of the limiting shaft 52 and the limiting hole 4 is a clamping connection, so that the total station main body 1 can be fixed through the clamping connection of the limiting shaft 52 and the limiting hole 4, meanwhile, the connecting spring 53 pushes the connecting block 51 elastically, so that the subsequent connecting block 51 can drive the limiting shaft 52 and the limiting hole 4 to automatically separate.
The support shaft 7 includes connecting rod 71, push plate 72, ball 73, bolt 74 and screw 75, and the connecting rod 71 is installed at the center of support shaft 7, the bottom surface and the push plate 72 fixed connection that connecting rod 71 passed support shaft 7, and push plate 72 is located the inside of spacing groove 6, and the top surface and the connecting block 51 laminating of push plate 72 are connected, ball 73 and bolt 74 interconnect are passed through to the bottom of connecting rod 71, and bolt 74 and screw 75 threaded connection, and screw 75 sets up the bottom surface at support shaft 7, be favorable to follow-up staff to the holistic operation of support shaft 7, conveniently use.
Connecting rod 71 and back shaft 7 constitute sliding construction, and the top of connecting rod 71 top push pedal 72 is isosceles triangle, and push pedal 72 passes through spacing groove 6 and constitutes sliding construction with dull and stereotyped 2, ball 73 and bolt 74 constitution revolution mechanic are passed through to the bottom of connecting rod 71, through the rotation to bolt 74, make bolt 74 reciprocate in screw 75, thereby make bolt 74 drive push pedal 72 through connecting rod 71 and slide from top to bottom, make things convenient for push pedal 72 to extrude the promotion work to connecting block 51, be favorable to the follow-up location operation to total powerstation main part 1.
The number of gag lever post 9 is provided with 2, and 2 gag lever posts 9 are about dull and stereotyped 2 vertical central line symmetric distribution to gag lever post 9 constitutes sliding construction with support roof 8, makes things convenient for dull and stereotyped 2 when the promotion through back shaft 7 rises, and dull and stereotyped 2 drives gag lever post 9 and slides on support roof 8, and the effectual dull and stereotyped 2 that prevents takes place rotation phenomenon.
Support frame 11 constitutes revolution mechanic through first pivot 10 and support roof 8, and the bottom of support frame 11 and the connected mode who supports bottom shaft 12 are threaded connection, and the support work after the follow-up support frame 11 expandes of being convenient for is adjusted through the rotation to supporting bottom shaft 12 simultaneously, makes things convenient for the stability that support after support frame 11 expandes.
The connecting gear 13 and the support top plate 8 form a rotating structure, the connecting gear 13 and the support shaft 7 are connected in a threaded manner, the support shaft 7 and the support top plate 8 form a sliding structure, the support shaft 7 is in a T shape, the connecting gear 13 drives the threaded support shaft 7 to lift through rotation of the connecting gear 13, the support shaft 7 drives the flat plate 2 and the total station main body 1 to adjust the height position, and the support shaft 7 cannot slide away from the support top plate 8.
S1: firstly, the hydraulic and hydroelectric engineering surveying and mapping device is supported by the rotary expansion of a support frame 11, and the support frame 11 is subjected to fine adjustment work by the rotation of a support bottom shaft 12;
s2: then, the total station main body 1 is clamped with the fixing plate 5 through the connecting groove 3, and then the connecting block 51 is extruded through the push plate 72, so that the limiting shaft 52 slides into the limiting hole 4 to be fixed;
s3: then, the driving gear 14 is shifted to drive the connecting gear 13 to rotate, so that the connecting gear 13 drives the supporting shaft 7 in threaded connection to ascend, and the height of the total station main body 1 is conveniently adjusted;
s4: turning on a power switch of the total station main body 1, and displaying a current prism constant, a weather correction and a power voltage by a display on the total station main body 1;
s5: the self-checking rotation collimation part and the telescope of the instrument rotate for one circle respectively, and a horizontal dial and a vertical dial of the instrument are initialized;
s6: setting the inspection and setting of parameter prism constants and the setting of meteorological correction parameters;
s7: measuring angles, distances and coordinates;
s8: collimation and measurement;
s9: and (5) finishing measurement and shutting down.
The working principle of the embodiment is as follows: according to fig. 1, firstly, a support frame 11 is unfolded on a support top plate 8 through a first rotating shaft 10, so that 3 support frames 11 are unfolded and positioned, then, a support bottom shaft 12 at the bottom of each support frame 11 is rotated and finely adjusted, so that stability is kept conveniently, the support frames 11 are locked, then, a power switch of a total station main body 1 is turned on, a display on the total station main body 1 displays a current prism constant, a weather correction number and a power voltage, then, parameters are set after self-inspection of an instrument, then, angle, distance and coordinate measurement are carried out, then, collimation and measurement are carried out, and shutdown is carried out after the measurement is finished, wherein the total station main body 1 is a known and existing technology in the market and is not described in detail herein;
according to fig. 1-2 and 5, when the height position of the total station body 1 needs to be adjusted, the driving gear 14 is manually stirred, so that the driving gear 14 rotates on the top plate 8 of the bracket through the second rotating shaft 15, so that the driving gear 14 drives the meshed connecting gear 13 to rotate in the top plate 8 of the bracket, then the connecting gear 13 drives the threaded supporting shaft 7 to perform lifting work, so that the supporting shaft 7 slides upwards in the center of the top plate 8 of the bracket, thereby the support shaft 7 pushes the flat plate 2 and the total station main body 1 to ascend, the flat plate 2 drives the limit rod 9 to slide on the support top plate 8, the flat plate 2 and the support shaft 7 are prevented from rotating, therefore, the overall height position of the total station main body 1 can be conveniently adjusted, and workers with different heights can conveniently use and operate the total station main body 1;
according to fig. 1-4 and 6-7, when the total station body 1 needs to be taken down, the bolt 74 is manually rotated to rotate and move the bolt 74 downwards in the screw hole 75, the bolt 74 fights at the bottom end of the connecting rod 71 through the balls 73, the bolt 74 pulls the connecting rod 71 to slide downwards in the downwards moving process, the connecting rod 71 slides downwards in the supporting shaft 7, the connecting rod 71 drives the push plate 72 to completely slide into the limiting groove 6 to be accommodated, the push plate 72 is separated from the connecting block 51, the extrusion work on the connecting block 51 is released, the connecting spring 53 pushes the connecting block 51 to slide in the fixing plate 5 through the self elastic force, the connecting block 51 drives the limiting shaft 52 to perform contraction operation, the limiting shaft 52 is separated from the limiting hole 4, and then the total station body 1 is manually pulled upwards, the connecting groove 3 at the bottom end of the total station main body 1 is separated from the fixing plate 5 in a sliding mode, so that the bottom surface of the total station main body 1 is separated from the top surface of the flat plate 2, the total station main body 1 is convenient to take down, and a series of work is finished.
Although the present invention has been described in detail with reference to the foregoing embodiments, it will be apparent to those skilled in the art that various changes in the embodiments and/or modifications of the invention can be made, and equivalents and modifications of some features of the invention can be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention.

Claims (9)

1. The utility model provides a hydraulic and hydroelectric engineering mapping device, includes total powerstation main part (1), first pivot (10), support frame (11), drive gear (14) and second pivot (15), its characterized in that: the total station main body (1) is arranged on the bottom surface of a flat plate (2), a connecting groove (3) is formed in the center of the bottom surface of the total station main body (1), a limiting hole (4) is formed in the inner wall of the bottom end of the total station main body (1), the limiting hole (4) is connected with the connecting groove (3), the connecting groove (3) is connected with a fixing plate (5), the fixing plate (5) is fixedly arranged on the top surface of the flat plate (2), a limiting groove (6) is formed in the flat plate (2), a supporting shaft (7) is fixedly arranged on the bottom surface of the flat plate (2), the supporting shaft (7) penetrates through a support top plate (8) and a connecting gear (13), the support top plate (8) is located below the flat plate (2), the support top plate (8) is connected with a limiting rod (9), and the limiting rod (9) penetrates through the support top plate (8) and is fixedly connected with the bottom surface of, support roof (8) are through the top interconnect of first pivot (10) and support frame (11), and the bottom of support frame (11) is installed and is supported bottom shaft (12), connecting gear (13) are installed in the inside of support roof (8), and connecting gear (13) are connected with drive gear (14) meshing, drive gear (14) are through second pivot (15) and support roof (8) interconnect, and drive gear (14) salient in the surface of support roof (8).
2. A hydraulic and hydroelectric engineering surveying and mapping apparatus according to claim 1 in which: the fixing plate (5) is connected with the total station main body (1) through the connecting groove (3) in a clamping mode, and the overlooking of the fixing plate (5) is square.
3. A hydraulic and hydroelectric engineering surveying and mapping apparatus according to claim 1 in which: fixed plate (5) include connecting block (51), spacing axle (52) and coupling spring (53), and the internally mounted of fixed plate (5) has connecting block (51), connecting block (51) and spacing axle (52) fixed connection, and spacing axle (52) pass fixed plate (5) and spacing hole (4) interconnect, and coupling spring (53) are installed to the outside of spacing axle (52), coupling spring (53) are located the inside of fixed plate (5), connecting block (51) are about the vertical center line symmetric distribution of fixed plate (5), and connecting block (51) constitute extending structure with fixed plate (5) through spacing axle (52) and coupling spring (53), and the connected mode of spacing axle (52) and spacing hole (4) is connected for the block.
4. A hydraulic and hydroelectric engineering surveying and mapping apparatus according to claim 3 in which: the utility model discloses a supporting shaft (7) and connecting method, including connecting rod (71), push pedal (72), ball (73), bolt (74) and screw (75), and connecting rod (71) are installed at the center of supporting shaft (7), bottom surface and push pedal (72) fixed connection that connecting rod (71) passed supporting shaft (7), and push pedal (72) are located the inside of spacing groove (6) to the top surface and the connecting block (51) laminating of push pedal (72) are connected, ball (73) and bolt (74) interconnect are passed through to the bottom of connecting rod (71), and bolt (74) and screw (75) threaded connection, and screw (75) set up the bottom surface at supporting shaft (7).
5. A hydraulic and hydroelectric engineering surveying and mapping apparatus according to claim 4 in which: connecting rod (71) and back shaft (7) constitute sliding construction, and the top of connecting rod (71) top push pedal (72) is isosceles triangle, and push pedal (72) constitute sliding construction through spacing groove (6) and flat board (2), the bottom of connecting rod (71) passes through ball (73) and bolt (74) constitutes revolution mechanic.
6. A hydraulic and hydroelectric engineering surveying and mapping apparatus according to claim 1 in which: the number of the limiting rods (9) is 2, the 2 limiting rods (9) are symmetrically distributed about the longitudinal central line of the flat plate (2), and the limiting rods (9) and the support top plate (8) form a sliding structure.
7. A hydraulic and hydroelectric engineering surveying and mapping apparatus according to claim 1 in which: the support frame (11) and the support top plate (8) form a rotating structure through the first rotating shaft (10), and the bottom end of the support frame (11) is in threaded connection with the support bottom shaft (12).
8. A hydraulic and hydroelectric engineering surveying and mapping apparatus according to claim 1 in which: the connecting gear (13) and the support top plate (8) form a rotating structure, the connecting gear (13) and the supporting shaft (7) are connected in a threaded mode, the supporting shaft (7) and the support top plate (8) form a sliding structure, and the supporting shaft (7) is in a T shape in front view.
9. A method of surveying and mapping of a hydraulic and hydroelectric engineering surveying and mapping apparatus according to claim 1, comprising the steps of:
s1: firstly, the hydraulic and hydroelectric engineering surveying and mapping device is supported by the rotary expansion of a support frame (11), and the support frame (11) is finely adjusted by the rotation of a support bottom shaft (12);
s2: then clamping the total station main body (1) with the fixing plate (5) through the connecting groove (3), and subsequently extruding the connecting block (51) through the push plate (72) to enable the limiting shaft (52) to slide into the limiting hole (4) for fixing;
s3: then, the driving gear (14) drives the connecting gear (13) to rotate by shifting the driving gear (14), so that the connecting gear (13) drives the supporting shaft (7) in threaded connection to ascend, and the height of the total station main body (1) is convenient to adjust;
s4: turning on a power switch of the total station main body 1, and displaying a current prism constant, a weather correction and a power voltage by a display on the total station main body 1;
s5: self-checking the instrument (rotating the sighting part and the telescope for one circle respectively to initialize a horizontal dial and a vertical dial of the instrument);
s6: setting parameters (checking and setting of prism constants and setting of meteorological correction parameters);
s7: measuring angles, distances and coordinates;
s8: collimation and measurement;
s9: and (5) finishing measurement and shutting down.
CN201911008912.2A 2019-10-22 2019-10-22 Water conservancy and hydropower engineering surveying and mapping device and method Active CN110701442B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201911008912.2A CN110701442B (en) 2019-10-22 2019-10-22 Water conservancy and hydropower engineering surveying and mapping device and method

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201911008912.2A CN110701442B (en) 2019-10-22 2019-10-22 Water conservancy and hydropower engineering surveying and mapping device and method

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN110701442A true CN110701442A (en) 2020-01-17
CN110701442B CN110701442B (en) 2020-12-29

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