CN110696301A - Design method of embedded type side core-pulling injection mold for thin-wall injection molding piece of electric appliance shell - Google Patents

Design method of embedded type side core-pulling injection mold for thin-wall injection molding piece of electric appliance shell Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN110696301A
CN110696301A CN201910811166.4A CN201910811166A CN110696301A CN 110696301 A CN110696301 A CN 110696301A CN 201910811166 A CN201910811166 A CN 201910811166A CN 110696301 A CN110696301 A CN 110696301A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
plastic
core
mold
designed
electric appliance
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201910811166.4A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
鄢天灿
梅益
罗玉戈
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Guizhou University
Original Assignee
Guizhou University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Guizhou University filed Critical Guizhou University
Priority to CN201910811166.4A priority Critical patent/CN110696301A/en
Publication of CN110696301A publication Critical patent/CN110696301A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C45/00Injection moulding, i.e. forcing the required volume of moulding material through a nozzle into a closed mould; Apparatus therefor
    • B29C45/17Component parts, details or accessories; Auxiliary operations
    • B29C45/26Moulds
    • B29C45/33Moulds having transversely, e.g. radially, movable mould parts
    • B29C45/332Mountings or guides therefor; Drives therefor
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C45/00Injection moulding, i.e. forcing the required volume of moulding material through a nozzle into a closed mould; Apparatus therefor
    • B29C45/17Component parts, details or accessories; Auxiliary operations
    • B29C45/40Removing or ejecting moulded articles
    • B29C45/44Removing or ejecting moulded articles for undercut articles

Abstract

The invention discloses a design method of an embedded type side core-pulling injection mold of an electric appliance shell thin-wall injection molding piece, which takes an FHB5.10 electric appliance shell with a complex internal structure as an example, and the internal part of the electric appliance shell contains multiple molding characteristics such as multiple holes, grooves, side bulges and the like. UG NX software is used for modeling the plastic part characteristics, and mutual noninterference among mechanisms is guaranteed under a UG12.0Moldwizard application module. According to the structural characteristics of the plastic part, the difficulty and key point are that the four-side inlaid core pulling is designed to complete the forming of the side face of the plastic part; a round push rod is designed to ensure smooth demoulding of the plastic part, and a reset rod reset mechanism is designed to reset the mould; in order to ensure the forming precision and the surface quality of the electric appliance shell plastic part, a cooling system is additionally arranged in the die. In order to avoid interference of parts in the die and ensure accurate matching of the movable die and the fixed die with other parts in the die, a guide pillar and guide sleeve guide mechanism is designed, and the designed die has a compact structure and stable work and has important reference value for the design of the same type of die.

Description

Design method of embedded type side core-pulling injection mold for thin-wall injection molding piece of electric appliance shell
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of injection molding, in particular to a design method of an embedded side core-pulling injection mold of a thin-wall injection molding piece of an FHB5.10 electric appliance shell.
Background
The FHB5.10 electrical appliance shell with a complex internal structure is taken as an example, the interior of the shell contains multiple molding characteristics such as multiple holes, grooves, lateral bulges and the like, the existing mold is difficult to design and demould, and the surface quality of the shell can not be well ensured due to the absence of a resetting mechanism.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a design method of an embedded type side core-pulling injection mold of a thin-wall injection molding piece of an FHB5.10 electric appliance shell, so as to overcome the defects of the prior art.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme: the design method of the splicing type side core-pulling injection mold of the thin-wall injection molding piece of the FHB5.10 electric appliance shell comprises the following steps:
step one, FHB5.10 electric appliance shell plastic part process analysis; the material is thermoplastic ABS, the density of the thermoplastic ABS is about 1.02-1.05 g/cm3, and the thermoplastic ABS has excellent mechanical strength and wear resistance; a double-split-surface injection mold is designed, a pouring gate is in a form of a point pouring gate, a push rod pushes out a plastic part at one time, considering that the plastic part is complex, core pulling is needed on four sides, and multiple cavities are not adopted, so that one mold and one cavity are adopted for injection, the volume of a condensate of a pouring system is selected according to an empirical value, and calculation is usually carried out according to 0.2-1 time of the volume of the plastic part;
step two, design of FHB5.10 electric appliance shell mold casting system
1) Selecting a parting surface; the parting surface selects the maximum section outline of the plastic part, the position is selected to be convenient for demoulding and exhausting, and the forming precision and quality requirements of the plastic part are met;
2) a pouring system; the main runner is located in the center of the mold and connected with a nozzle of an injection machine to feed the plastic melt into the whole pouring system. The main runner is generally conical, so that melt flow and later-stage demolding are facilitated, the conical angle is 2-4 degrees, the roughness Ra of the inner wall surface is 0.63 mu m, a ball surface pit is designed at the joint of the nozzle and the main runner, the depth of the pit is 4mm, the diameter of the large end of the main runner is 7.5mm, the diameter of the small end of the main runner is 4mm, and the spherical radius is 11 mm. The main runner is usually controlled within 60mm, and a sprue bush is designed to be connected with the main runner in consideration of higher temperature of the melt, so that the melt is prevented from directly contacting the main runner, and the sprue bush is fixed by a fixed ring; the U-shaped section of the sub-runner is selected, according to the structural characteristics of a plastic part, a point gate is adopted as a gate, the diameter of the gate is 0.5-1.8 mm, and the length of a cylindrical hole is 0.5-0.75 mm;
step three, designing a core-pulling mechanism of a FHB5.10 electric appliance shell mold; adopting an inclined guide post core-pulling mechanism according to the structural characteristics of the plastic part;
the inclined guide post of the inclined guide post core pulling mechanism is designed; in order to ensure that the inclined guide post and the sliding block slide smoothly, a 0.5-1 mm bilateral gap is kept between the inclined guide post and an inclined hole of the sliding block, the sliding block is of an integral type, a T-shaped groove is selected as a sliding guide form of the sliding block, the sliding block is simple to process and easy to fix, the sliding block and the sliding guide groove are in clearance fit by H7/f7, a stop block is designed to position the sliding block, and meanwhile, the side mold core is prevented from retreating due to forming pressure, and a wedge block locking sliding block is designed;
step four, designing a cooling system; the FHB5.10 electric appliance shell plastic part is a small injection molding thin-wall part with a complex structure, the core part of the plastic part is longer, and the influence on the precision of the whole plastic part is larger, so the arrangement of a cooling system is concentrated on the core part. A one-mold one-piece pouring mode is adopted, a single rectangular loop is designed in consideration of the difficulty degree of water channel processing, the cooling mode is convenient to design, and the cooling effect is good; the cooling water channels are symmetrically arranged, the number of cooling pipeline holes formed in the die is 4, the diameter of each water pipe is 8mm, the distance between each water pipe and each part is 15mm, and the center distance between each pipeline is 85 mm;
step five, determining a die frame and working process of the die
1) The Direct Current (DC) type mold frame in a FuTABAS (FUTABAS) standard mold frame is selected, core pulling is simultaneously carried out on FHB5.10 electric appliance shell plastic parts in four different directions, an inlaid core pulling mechanism is designed to finish forming of the side surface characteristics of the plastic parts, in order to meet the conditions of the mold opening and closing movement range, the accuracy of the forming mode and the like, interference among all mechanisms must be avoided in the mold opening and closing process, abrasion on the surface of the formed plastic parts is avoided, and the requirements of usability, functionality and the like of the plastic parts are met.
Compared with the prior art, the four-side inlaid core-pulling method has the advantages that the four-side inlaid core-pulling is designed to complete the forming of the side face of the plastic part; a round push rod is designed to ensure smooth demoulding of the plastic part, and a reset rod reset mechanism is designed to reset the mould; in order to ensure the forming precision and the surface quality of the electric appliance shell plastic part, a cooling system is additionally arranged in the die. In order to avoid interference of parts in the die and ensure accurate matching of the movable die and the fixed die with other parts in the die, a guide pillar and guide sleeve guide mechanism is designed. The designed die has compact structure and stable work, and has important reference value for the design of the same type of die.
Drawings
FIG. 1(a) is a schematic diagram of a three-body structure of an electrical appliance housing;
FIG. 1(b) is a schematic diagram of a three-body structure of an electrical appliance housing;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of a parting plane;
FIG. 3 is a schematic side core construction;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the scaffold structure;
FIG. 5 is a mold assembly drawing of a FHB5.10 electrical appliance housing;
FIG. 6 is a cross-sectional view A-A of FIG. 5;
fig. 7 is a sectional view B-B of fig. 5.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to the drawings, the present invention provides a technical solution:
FHB5.10 electric appliance shell thin-wall injection molding piece inlaid type side core-pulling injection mold design
1 FHB5.10 Electrical housing analysis
1.1 FHB5.10 electric appliance shell plastic part structure analysis
The FHB5.10 appliance housing is a small thin-walled injection molded part with three dimensions of 66mm x 36mm x 24mm as shown in figure 1. In the figure 1, the marks 1, 2, 4 and 5 are all rectangular side holes with the length of 4mm, the width of 1.45mm and the depth of 1.9mm, and the four holes are small in depth and positioned on the outer side of a plastic part, so that the insert type side core pulling is adopted for forming. The front half part of the front surface of the plastic part, namely the part marked by 3 in fig. 1(a), is an irregular cavity, the core-pulling force required at the part is larger, and the plastic part is also formed by adopting the inlaid side core-pulling. The back of the plastic part is provided with a rectangular undercut with the length of 16mm, the width of 8mm and the depth of 0.3mm, and the undercut is internally provided with a letter mark with the height of 0.3 mm.
The volume of the plastic part is 9.467cm3 and the mass is 9.94g measured by UG 12.0. The cloud chart of the wall thickness of the plastic part is shown in figure 2, the maximum wall thickness is 3mm, the minimum wall thickness is 0.4mm, the average wall thickness is 1.33mm, and the wall thickness of the plastic part is uneven. In general, the wall thickness of the plastic part should be kept as consistent as possible, so that the plastic part is prevented from generating additional internal stress due to different cooling or curing speeds, and the plastic part has the defects of warping, shrinkage cavity, cracks and the like, and therefore a certain machining allowance can be reserved at the thin wall part in the actual design process. In order to ensure the quality and precision requirements of the plastic parts, a certain draft angle needs to be designed, a pen worker designs the cavity demoulding draft angle to be 1 degree, and the core demoulding draft angle to be 35'. The corners and letter mark positions of the plastic parts need to be rounded, and the design has the selection precision of MT3 by combining the characteristics of the plastic part structure, the forming difficulty and the like.
1.2 FHB5.10 electric appliance shell plastic part process analysis
The FHB5.10 electric appliance shell injection molding piece is made of thermoplastic ABS (acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene), the density of the injection molding piece is about 1.02-1.05 g/cm3, the injection molding piece has excellent mechanical strength and wear resistance, and the injection molding piece is widely used for molding production of various plastic pieces. The ABS material is composed of acrylonitrile, butadiene and styrene. Wherein, the acrylonitrile has good heat resistance and corrosion resistance; butadiene has high toughness and excellent heat resistance, and the characteristics enable ABS to have good strength and toughness, super-strong easy processability and excellent dimensional stability.
According to the structural characteristics of the plastic part of the FHB5.10 electrical appliance shell, in combination with the factors of precision, difficulty in manufacturing, economy and the like of the plastic part, a pen worker designs a double-parting-surface injection mold, a pouring gate is in a form of a point pouring gate, and a push rod pushes out the plastic part at one time. In consideration of the fact that a plastic part is complex, core pulling is needed on four sides, and multiple cavities are not suitable, so that one-mold one-cavity injection is adopted. The volume of the condensed material of the pouring system is selected according to an empirical value, and is usually calculated according to 0.2-1 time of the volume of the plastic part, so the actual injection amount is 17.9 g. Should be according to the actual injection amountThe injection amount is determined to be between 20 and 80 percent and is not lower than 10 percent of the rated injection amount. Therefore, the horizontal injection molding machine SZ-60/40 is selected as the injection machine. The theoretical injection amount is 21.3cm by checking3The number of the cavities is less than 2.6, and the selected injection machine meets the injection requirement. The technical parameters of the horizontal injection molding machine SZ-60/40 are shown in Table 1.
TABLE 1 technical parameters of horizontal injection moulding machine SZ-60/40
Design of casting system of FHB5.10 electrical appliance shell mold
2.1 selecting parting surface
The parting surface generally selects the maximum section outline of the plastic part, the position is selected to be convenient for demoulding and exhausting, the requirements of the plastic part on forming precision, quality and the like are met, for parting shown in figure 2, the side concave part and the side hole part of the plastic part are completed by core pulling, interference among core pulling mechanisms is avoided, and the plastic part can be completely formed, so the parting scheme shown in figure 2 is selected in the design.
2.2 gating System
The reasonable designed pouring system plays an important role in improving the forming precision and the surface quality of the plastic part. When a pouring system is designed, the plastic melt is ensured to be uniformly filled, and the defects of shrinkage marks, warping, air pockets and the like of a plastic part are avoided. Meanwhile, the injection manufacturability of the ABS material is considered, the generation of condensate is reduced, and the injection of a casting system is prevented.
The main runner is located in the center of the mold and connected with a nozzle of an injection machine to feed the plastic melt into the whole pouring system. The main runner is generally conical, so that melt flow and later-stage demolding are facilitated, the conical angle is 2-4 degrees, the design is carried out at 2 degrees, and the surface roughness Ra of the inner wall is 0.63 mu m. A pen worker designs the joint of the nozzle and the main flow channel into a spherical pit, wherein the depth of the pit is 4mm, the diameter of the large end of the main flow channel is 7.5mm, the diameter of the small end of the main flow channel is 4mm, and the spherical radius is 11 mm. The sprue is typically controlled to within 60mm, typically determined by the mold structure, and this design L is taken to be 40 mm. Considering that the temperature of the melt is higher, the sprue bush is connected with the main runner, the melt is prevented from directly contacting the main runner, and the sprue bush is fixed by a fixing ring. The sub-runners are selected to be U-shaped in cross section, wherein the height of the runners is 6mm, the width of the runners is 8mm, and the length of the runners is 32 mm. According to the structural characteristics of the plastic part, a point pouring gate is adopted as a pouring gate, the diameter of the pouring gate is generally 0.5-1.8 mm, and the diameter of the pouring gate is 1 mm; the length of the cylindrical hole is generally 0.5-0.75 mm, and the design is 0.75 mm.
Design of core-pulling mechanism of FHB5.10 electric appliance shell mold
The core pulling mechanism comprises three types of manual, mechanical and hydraulic core pulling, the core pulling is carried out on four side faces of a plastic part of an FHB5.10 electric appliance shell, the required pulling force is large, the mechanical core pulling mechanism which is high in production efficiency and easy to realize full-automatic operation is selected after analysis and comparison, and the inclined guide pillar core pulling mechanism is adopted according to the structural characteristics of the plastic part. The core profile on each side is shown in figure 3.
3.1 calculation of core pulling force and core pulling distance
The plastic part generates a contraction effect in the cooling and solidification process of the cavity to tightly wrap the core, so that the side core needs to be pulled out of the plastic part by overcoming the wrapping force during core pulling, and the forming of the side surface characteristic of the plastic part is completed. For the core-pulling force of the four side cores of the design, a pen worker estimates by adopting the following formula:
Q=lhp2(f2cosθ-sinθ)
wherein l is the perimeter (mm) of the section shape of the plastic part tightly wrapping the movable core; h is the depth (mm) of the molded part; theta is the demoulding inclination, and the design is 0.5 DEG; p is a radical of2The extrusion force of the plastic part to the unit area of the core is generally 8-12 Mpa, and the design is 10 Mpa; f. of2The friction factor of the plastic part and the steel is generally 0.1-0.2, and the design is 0.15. For the plastic part, core pulling is required to be performed on four surfaces, core pulling force at the positions marked by 1 and 2 in fig. 1(a) is Q1, core pulling force at the positions marked by 4 and 5 is Q2, core pulling force at the position marked by 3 is Q3, and core pulling force at the position marked by 6 is Q4. Calculated, Q1 ═ 48.34N, Q2 ═ 48.34N, Q3 ═ 4082.14N, and Q4 ═ 31.36N.
In order to ensure the smooth demoulding of the plastic piece, the drawing distance is generally 2-3 mm < 6 > deeper than the side core, and through calculation, S1 is 4.45mm, S2 is 4.45mm, S3 is 20.2mm, and S4 is 3.3 mm.
3.2 design of oblique guide pillar
In order to ensure the smooth sliding of the inclined guide pillar and the slide block, a 0.5-1 mm bilateral gap is kept between the inclined guide pillar and the inclined hole of the slide block. The design adopts an inclined guide post on a fixed template and a slide block on a movable template. Through calculation, the lengths of the inclined guide pillars are respectively L1-80 mm, L2-80 mm, L3-103 mm, L4-67 mm, the diameters are respectively d 1-12 mm, d 2-12 mm, d 3-18 mm and d 4-12 mm. The inclination angle alpha is generally 15-20 degrees, and the design is 20 degrees. After checking, the inclined guide post meets the requirements of strength and rigidity.
The slide block has two types of combination and integration, and the integral slide block is selected by integrating the slide block and a side core in consideration of more parts of a plastic part needing to be formed. The slide block is in a slide guiding form, a T-shaped groove is selected, the slide block is simple to process and easy to fix, and the slide block and the slide guiding groove are in clearance fit by H7/f 7. The design dog is fixed a position the slider, avoids the side core to receive forming pressure and retreat simultaneously, designs the locking slider of wedging piece.
4 design of other mechanisms
The FHB5.10 electric appliance shell plastic part belongs to a small-sized thin-wall injection molding part, the structure is complex, the push rod setting is not too much for ensuring the molding quality of the plastic part, and the circular push rod with a simple structure is selected in the design, is easy to arrange and is commonly used for small and medium-sized mold design. Through calculation, the diameter of the push rod is 2.7mm, the design is 3mm, 2 push rods can be determined to be arranged on the plastic part according to a pressure rod stability formula, and the length of the push rod can be determined by the thickness of the template, the push-out distance and other factors. After the ejecting mechanism finishes one working period, the ejecting mechanism needs to return to the original position, so that a resetting mechanism needs to be designed to reset the die. The reset mechanism has two types of spring reset and reset rod reset, and the user selects the reset rod reset mechanism in consideration of the unreliability of the spring reset mechanism. In order to avoid collision and interference of parts in the mold and ensure accurate matching of the movable and fixed mold and other parts in the mold, a pen worker designs a guide pillar and guide sleeve guide mechanism.
5 design of Cooling System
In order to ensure the forming precision and the surface quality of the FHB5.10 electric appliance shell plastic part, a cooling system is additionally arranged in the mould. The influence of the temperature of the mold on the quality of the plastic part is large, and when the temperature is too low, the mold filling is not full; when the temperature is high, the defects such as flash and the like are easily caused. Therefore, the control of reasonable mold temperature plays an important role in improving the quality of the plastic parts and improving the productivity of the plastic parts. The FHB5.10 electric appliance shell plastic part is a small injection molding thin-wall part with a complex structure, the core part of the plastic part is longer, and the influence on the precision of the whole plastic part is larger, so the arrangement of a cooling system is concentrated on the core part. This design adopts the pouring mode of a mould one, considers the difficult degree of water course processing, and the person of writing has designed single rectangle return circuit, and this kind of cooling method is convenient for design, and the cooling effect is better. The cooling water channels are symmetrically arranged, the number of holes for arranging the cooling pipeline on the die is 4, the diameter of each water pipe is 8mm, the distance between each water pipe and each part is 15mm, and the center distance between each pipeline is 85 mm.
4. Mold base determination and mold working process
4.1 selection of the die holder
The FHB5.10 electric appliance shell plastic part has a complex structure, and a pen worker designs a double-parting-surface injection mold according to the structural characteristics of the plastic part and adopts one mold and one cavity for injection. And selecting a DC type mould frame in a FuTABAS standard mould frame with the external dimension of 250 multiplied by 255mm according to a GB/T12555-2006 standard mould frame library of a sprue by combining the size of a mould cavity of the plastic part and the pouring position. Wherein the height of the fixed model cavity plate of the plate A is 30mm, the height of the fixed core plate of the plate B is 80mm, and the height of the cushion block of the plate C is 70 mm. The mould frame selected by the mould is shown in figure 4.
4.2 die working Process
According to the structural characteristics of the plastic part, the FHB5.10 electric appliance shell plastic part needs to be subjected to core pulling simultaneously in four different directions, and a pen person designs an inlaid core pulling mechanism to finish the forming of the side surface characteristics of the plastic part. In order to meet the conditions of the opening and closing movement range of the mold, the accuracy of the molding mode and the like, the interference among all mechanisms is ensured not to be generated in the mold opening and closing process, the surface of the molded plastic part is prevented from being abraded, and the requirements of the usability, the functionality and the like of the molded part are met. FIGS. 5-7 are general assembly views of the FHB5.10 electrical appliance housing mold;
the working process is as follows: in a mold closing state, after the plastic is heated and plasticized in an injection molding machine, the plastic is injected through a screw, passes through a positioning ring 17 and a sprue bush 19 and finally reaches a cavity 21, then pressure maintaining is carried out, and after the pressure maintaining is finished, cooling water cools a plastic part through a cooling water channel 40. And (3) cooling the plastic part, then opening the mold, breaking a point sprue under the action of a material pulling rod 27, keeping the condensed material of the pouring system on the fixed mold, parting the runner from the fixed mold plate under the action of the material pushing plate 15 after the fixed mold moves for a certain distance, and separating the condensed material of the pouring system from the fixed mold plate. And the sliding blocks of the four inclined guide post core pulling mechanisms move along the respective inclined guide posts and slide backwards along the guide sliding grooves to finish the core pulling of four lateral molding characteristics of the plastic part. And finally, ejecting the plastic part through the push rod backing plate 3 and the push rod 32, completing mould resetting by using the reset rod 5, and preparing for next injection after mould closing is finished.
1-moving die base plate; 2.7, 10, 18, 20, 24, 29, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39-socket head cap screws; 3-a push rod backing plate; 4-push rod fixing plate; 5-a reset lever; 6-limit stop block; 8-moving the template; 9-a slide block; 11-a plastic part; 12-an inclined guide post; 13-a compression block; 14-a fixed die fixing plate; 15-stripping plate; 16-fixing a die holder; 17-a positioning ring; 19-a sprue bush; 21-a cavity; 22-a slide block; 23-a compact block; 25-limit stop; 26-a core; 27-a material pulling rod; 28-guide posts; 30-a guide sleeve; 31-guide pillar; 32-a push rod; 33-a baffle ring; 34-a spring washer; 40-cooling water channels;
aiming at the core pulling structure with a plurality of side cores of the FHB5.10 electrical appliance shell plastic part, the core pulling mechanism, the ejection mechanism, the cooling system and other related die components of the one-die one-cavity inlaid side core pulling injection die are designed, die design parameters are accurately given, and the related components are calculated and verified. And the interference phenomenon among all mechanisms is ensured under the UG12.0Moldwizard application module, and the compact structure and the stable and reliable operation process of the die are ensured. The case provides a certain theoretical support for the design of injection molds, and has important reference significance for guiding the actual production of engineering.
Although embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made in these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the invention, the scope of which is defined in the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (1)

1. The design method of the mosaic type side core-pulling injection mold of the thin-wall injection molding piece of the electric appliance shell is characterized by comprising the following steps of:
step one, FHB5.10 electric appliance shell plastic part process analysis; the material is thermoplastic ABS, the density of the thermoplastic ABS is about 1.02-1.05 g/cm3, and the thermoplastic ABS has excellent mechanical strength and wear resistance; a double-split-surface injection mold is designed, a pouring gate is in a form of a point pouring gate, a push rod pushes out a plastic part at one time, considering that the plastic part is complex, core pulling is needed on four sides, and multiple cavities are not adopted, so that one mold and one cavity are adopted for injection, the volume of a condensate of a pouring system is selected according to an empirical value, and calculation is usually carried out according to 0.2-1 time of the volume of the plastic part;
step two, design of FHB5.10 electric appliance shell mold casting system
1) Selecting a parting surface; the parting surface selects the maximum section outline of the plastic part, the position is selected to be convenient for demoulding and exhausting, and the forming precision and quality requirements of the plastic part are met;
2) a pouring system; the main runner is located in the center of the mold and connected with a nozzle of an injection machine to feed the plastic melt into the whole pouring system. The main runner is generally conical, so that melt flow and later-stage demolding are facilitated, the conical angle is 2-4 degrees, the roughness Ra of the inner wall surface is 0.63 mu m, a ball surface pit is designed at the joint of the nozzle and the main runner, the depth of the pit is 4mm, the diameter of the large end of the main runner is 7.5mm, the diameter of the small end of the main runner is 4mm, and the spherical radius is 11 mm. The main runner is usually controlled within 60mm, and a sprue bush is designed to be connected with the main runner in consideration of higher temperature of the melt, so that the melt is prevented from directly contacting the main runner, and the sprue bush is fixed by a fixed ring; the U-shaped section of the sub-runner is selected, according to the structural characteristics of a plastic part, a point gate is adopted as a gate, the diameter of the gate is 0.5-1.8 mm, and the length of a cylindrical hole is 0.5-0.75 mm;
step three, designing a core-pulling mechanism of a FHB5.10 electric appliance shell mold; adopting an inclined guide post core-pulling mechanism according to the structural characteristics of the plastic part;
the inclined guide post of the inclined guide post core pulling mechanism is designed; in order to ensure that the inclined guide post and the sliding block slide smoothly, a 0.5-1 mm bilateral gap is kept between the inclined guide post and an inclined hole of the sliding block, the sliding block is of an integral type, a T-shaped groove is selected as a sliding guide form of the sliding block, the sliding block is simple to process and easy to fix, the sliding block and the sliding guide groove are in clearance fit by H7/f7, a stop block is designed to position the sliding block, and meanwhile, the side mold core is prevented from retreating due to forming pressure, and a wedge block locking sliding block is designed;
step four, designing a cooling system; the FHB5.10 electric appliance shell plastic part is a small injection molding thin-wall part with a complex structure, the core part of the plastic part is longer, and the influence on the precision of the whole plastic part is larger, so the arrangement of a cooling system is concentrated on the core part. A one-mold one-piece pouring mode is adopted, a single rectangular loop is designed in consideration of the difficulty degree of water channel processing, the cooling mode is convenient to design, and the cooling effect is good; the cooling water channels are symmetrically arranged, the number of cooling pipeline holes formed in the die is 4, the diameter of each water pipe is 8mm, the distance between each water pipe and each part is 15mm, and the center distance between each pipeline is 85 mm;
step five, determining a die frame and working process of the die
1) The Direct Current (DC) type mold frame in a FuTABAS (FUTABAS) standard mold frame is selected, core pulling is simultaneously carried out on FHB5.10 electric appliance shell plastic parts in four different directions, an inlaid core pulling mechanism is designed to finish forming of the side surface characteristics of the plastic parts, in order to meet the conditions of the mold opening and closing movement range, the accuracy of the forming mode and the like, interference among all mechanisms must be avoided in the mold opening and closing process, abrasion on the surface of the formed plastic parts is avoided, and the requirements of usability, functionality and the like of the plastic parts are met.
CN201910811166.4A 2019-08-29 2019-08-29 Design method of embedded type side core-pulling injection mold for thin-wall injection molding piece of electric appliance shell Pending CN110696301A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910811166.4A CN110696301A (en) 2019-08-29 2019-08-29 Design method of embedded type side core-pulling injection mold for thin-wall injection molding piece of electric appliance shell

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910811166.4A CN110696301A (en) 2019-08-29 2019-08-29 Design method of embedded type side core-pulling injection mold for thin-wall injection molding piece of electric appliance shell

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN110696301A true CN110696301A (en) 2020-01-17

Family

ID=69194164

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201910811166.4A Pending CN110696301A (en) 2019-08-29 2019-08-29 Design method of embedded type side core-pulling injection mold for thin-wall injection molding piece of electric appliance shell

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN110696301A (en)

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP1092525A1 (en) * 1999-10-14 2001-04-18 Fijn Metaal Almere Injection mould assembly
CN103496125A (en) * 2013-09-14 2014-01-08 新乡学院 Mold opening method of three-way pipe mold
CN107186969A (en) * 2015-05-17 2017-09-22 郭翔榕 A kind of many cave unit acupuncture point four sides core pullings of preceding mould become pouring type injection mold and its application method
CN108748900A (en) * 2018-05-27 2018-11-06 索奕双 A kind of four sides linkage demoulding mechanism
CN109397637A (en) * 2018-09-30 2019-03-01 寇长花 A kind of automobile armrest lid injection mold

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP1092525A1 (en) * 1999-10-14 2001-04-18 Fijn Metaal Almere Injection mould assembly
CN103496125A (en) * 2013-09-14 2014-01-08 新乡学院 Mold opening method of three-way pipe mold
CN107186969A (en) * 2015-05-17 2017-09-22 郭翔榕 A kind of many cave unit acupuncture point four sides core pullings of preceding mould become pouring type injection mold and its application method
CN108748900A (en) * 2018-05-27 2018-11-06 索奕双 A kind of four sides linkage demoulding mechanism
CN109397637A (en) * 2018-09-30 2019-03-01 寇长花 A kind of automobile armrest lid injection mold

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
杨裕国: "《压铸工艺与模具设计》", 31 May 1997 *

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN202702525U (en) Plastic end cover double parting surface injection mold
CN103496125B (en) A kind of die sinking method of tee T mould
CN105128288A (en) Television set front shell injection mold
CN110696301A (en) Design method of embedded type side core-pulling injection mold for thin-wall injection molding piece of electric appliance shell
CN110744789A (en) Electrical appliance shell mold structure
CN211763198U (en) Injection mold for shell plastic part
CN211492613U (en) Connector housing injection mold
CN205044082U (en) Shell injection mold before TV set
CN212097350U (en) Movable contact base mould
CN210877428U (en) Gear die
CN202412602U (en) Electrical appliance key manufacture part die
CN211221869U (en) Shell injection mold
CN208084872U (en) It can be used for the mold and Novel injection mold of inclined-plane injection molding
CN208529614U (en) A kind of pull ring production mould
CN210820637U (en) Positioning device for injection mold
CN210791942U (en) Mold core structure of steering column shield injection mold
CN212288494U (en) High-precision die capable of preventing product deformation
CN108638449B (en) Front and back reverse plastic mould structure
CN210308891U (en) Back-off core-pulling injection mold
CN209987322U (en) Bellows injection joint mould
CN111152414B (en) Alloy injection mold for spherical annular shell
CN212736907U (en) Injection mold
CN213260881U (en) Hydroecium mould with exhaust structure
CN208006156U (en) A kind of face-piece molding die of band hook
CN211640828U (en) Inner slide block core-pulling die

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
CB03 Change of inventor or designer information
CB03 Change of inventor or designer information

Inventor after: Yan Tiancan

Inventor after: Mei Yi

Inventor after: Wang Lin

Inventor after: Luo Yuge

Inventor before: Yan Tiancan

Inventor before: Mei Yi

Inventor before: Luo Yuge