CN110694386A - Electric automation control's upset dust type electric appliance cabinet - Google Patents

Electric automation control's upset dust type electric appliance cabinet Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110694386A
CN110694386A CN201910973854.0A CN201910973854A CN110694386A CN 110694386 A CN110694386 A CN 110694386A CN 201910973854 A CN201910973854 A CN 201910973854A CN 110694386 A CN110694386 A CN 110694386A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
filter
dust removal
electric appliance
appliance cabinet
filter screen
Prior art date
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Granted
Application number
CN201910973854.0A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN110694386B (en
Inventor
伍超
张鸿恺
杨亚龙
谢陈磊
王丽蓉
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Anhui Jianzhu University
Anhui University of Architecture
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Anhui University of Architecture
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Priority to CN201910973854.0A priority Critical patent/CN110694386B/en
Publication of CN110694386A publication Critical patent/CN110694386A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN110694386B publication Critical patent/CN110694386B/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D46/00Filters, i.e. particle separators or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours
    • B01D46/0019Filters, i.e. particle separators or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours with multiple filtering elements, characterised by their mutual disposition
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D46/00Filters, i.e. particle separators or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours
    • B01D46/0057Regenerating the filter material in the filter
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D46/00Filters, i.e. particle separators or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours
    • B01D46/0057Regenerating the filter material in the filter
    • B01D46/0067Regenerating the filter material in the filter by acting counter-currently on the filtering surface (e.g. flushing)
    • B01D46/0071Regenerating the filter material in the filter by acting counter-currently on the filtering surface (e.g. flushing) with backwash arms, shoes or nozzles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D46/00Filters, i.e. particle separators or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours
    • B01D46/10Particle separators, e.g. dust precipitators, using filter plates, sheets, or pads having plane surfaces, i.e. axial filtering
    • B01D46/103Curved filtering elements
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D46/00Filters, i.e. particle separators or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours
    • B01D46/10Particle separators, e.g. dust precipitators, using filter plates, sheets, or pads having plane surfaces, i.e. axial filtering
    • B01D46/12Particle separators, e.g. dust precipitators, using filter plates, sheets, or pads having plane surfaces, i.e. axial filtering in multiple arrangements
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D46/00Filters, i.e. particle separators or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours
    • B01D46/24Particle separators, e.g. dust precipitators, using rigid hollow filter bodies
    • B01D46/2403Particle separators, e.g. dust precipitators, using rigid hollow filter bodies characterised by the physical shape or structure of the filtering element
    • B01D46/2411Filter cartridges
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D46/00Filters, i.e. particle separators or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours
    • B01D46/24Particle separators, e.g. dust precipitators, using rigid hollow filter bodies
    • B01D46/26Particle separators, e.g. dust precipitators, using rigid hollow filter bodies rotatable

Abstract

The invention discloses an electric appliance cabinet with electric automation control and overturning dust removal functions, which comprises an electric appliance cabinet body, wherein a cabinet door is arranged on the electric appliance cabinet body, an element chamber is arranged above the inside of the electric appliance cabinet body, a dust removal chamber is arranged below the inside of the electric appliance cabinet body, a dust removal device comprises an overturning dust removal mechanism and a filter element dust removal mechanism, an air inlet cover is arranged on the outer wall of the bottom of the electric appliance cabinet body, a connecting shaft is rotatably arranged on the side wall of the electric appliance cabinet body, a rubber roller is sleeved on the connecting shaft, a side plate is arranged on the rubber roller, a first filter screen is arranged at the bottom of the side plate, a reinforcing rod is arranged between second filter screens of the side plate, and the upper end and the lower end of each; the invention has the advantages of grading dust removal of the outside air, high dust removal efficiency and convenient operation when cleaning dust at the later stage.

Description

Electric automation control's upset dust type electric appliance cabinet
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of electric appliance cabinets, and relates to an overturning dust removal type electric appliance cabinet, in particular to an electric automation control overturning dust removal type electric appliance cabinet.
Background
The dust removing equipment in the electric appliance cabinet removes dust and impurities in air entering from the outside.
Reference CN201821893446.1 discloses an electric automatization dust collector, which comprises an outer shell, shell body inner chamber bottom is equipped with an album dirt drawer, album dirt drawer top is equipped with the filter core backup pad, filter core backup pad top fixedly connected with filter core, the inlay card of filter core top has the filter core closing plate, the gas outlet has been seted up on filter core closing plate surface, gas outlet and filter core inner circle structure phase-match, the gas outlet top is equipped with the jetting explosive head, the jetting explosive head other end connecting air pipe, the trachea outside is through steel pipe fixedly connected with worm gear fan backup pad, worm gear fan backup pad fixed welding is in shell body inner wall, and it has this problem that dust collection efficiency hangs down.
The dust removal device in the existing electric appliance cabinet filters and removes dust by arranging the filter element, so that the working strength of the filter element is increased, the service life and the working time of the filter element are reduced, and workers need to frequently clean the filter element; dust impurities after filtering and dedusting are adsorbed on the filter element, and workers need to manually disassemble the filter element for cleaning, so that the working strength of the workers is increased; it is inconvenient to clean it; because fixed mounting's filter core can lead to the position department of being close to the air intake at first to have a large amount of impurity dust accumulations, and the position impurity dust accumulation of keeping away from the air intake is less for the filter core dust removal effect is even inadequately, and influences its holistic filter core and use in later stage work, and greatly reduced filter core dust collection efficiency's problem.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to solve the problems that the existing dust removal device in the electric appliance cabinet filters and removes dust by arranging a filter element, so that the working strength of the filter element is increased, the service life and the working time of the filter element are reduced, and workers need to frequently clean the filter element; dust impurities after filtering and dedusting are adsorbed on the filter element, and workers need to manually disassemble the filter element for cleaning, so that the working strength of the workers is increased; it is inconvenient to clean it; because fixed mounting's filter core can lead to the position department of being close to the air intake at first to have a large amount of impurity dust accumulations, and the position impurity dust accumulation of keeping away from the air intake is less for the filter core dust removal effect is even inadequately, and influences its holistic filter core and use in later stage work, and greatly reduced filter core dust collection efficiency's problem, and provided an electric automation control's upset dust removal formula electric appliance cabinet.
The purpose of the invention can be realized by the following technical scheme:
an electric automation controlled turnover dust removal type electric appliance cabinet comprises an electric appliance cabinet body, wherein a cabinet door is arranged on the electric appliance cabinet body, an original paper chamber is arranged above the inside of the electric appliance cabinet body, a dust removal chamber is arranged below the inside of the electric appliance cabinet body, a first partition plate and a second partition plate are arranged in the dust removal chamber in parallel, the first partition plate is positioned above the second partition plate, a dust removal device is arranged in the dust removal chamber, the dust removal device comprises a turnover dust removal mechanism and a filter element dust removal mechanism, and the turnover dust removal mechanism and the filter element dust removal mechanism are respectively positioned between the first partition plate and the second partition plate;
the turnover dust removal mechanism comprises an air inlet cover, an air inlet pipe, a connecting shaft, a rubber roller, side plates, a first filter screen and a second filter screen, wherein the air inlet cover is arranged on the outer wall of the bottom of the electric appliance cabinet body;
the lateral wall of the electric appliance cabinet body is respectively provided with a through hole matched with the lateral plate, a sealing gasket is arranged at the through hole of the lateral wall of the electric appliance cabinet body, the first filter screen and the second filter screen are arc-shaped structures with the same circle center, the outer arc surface of the first filter screen is the same as the inner arc surface of the second filter screen, and the first filter screen is rotatably connected along the inner arc surface of the second filter screen.
Preferably, the filter element dust removal mechanism comprises a filter element, a first mounting plate, a second mounting plate, an air pipe, a communicating pipe and a turbo fan, wherein two ends of the filter element are respectively connected with the first mounting plate and the second mounting plate;
the first mounting plate is mounted on the bearing seat, the top of the bearing seat is positioned above the second partition plate, the bottom of the bearing seat is positioned below the second partition plate and is rotatably mounted on the bottom surface in the dust chamber, the bearing seat is connected with the driving mechanism, and the driving mechanism is mounted on the bottom surface in the dust chamber;
be provided with the trompil on the second mounting panel, trompil department on the second mounting panel is connected with the blast pipe rotation through sealed bearing, the blast pipe extend to first baffle top, and be connected with tracheal one end and the one end of communicating pipe respectively through the tee bend connecting pipe, the tracheal other end passes another lateral wall of electrical cabinet body, and be provided with the valve on the trachea, the other end and the inlet end of turbofan of communicating pipe are connected, the end of giving vent to anger of turbofan passes the clean room through the pipeline, and extend to in the component room, the turbofan is installed on the top surface of first baffle.
Preferably, the bearing seat comprises a movable rod, a cylinder, a sliding plate and a spring, the bottom of the cylinder is rotatably mounted on the inner bottom surface of the dust removal chamber, the spring is arranged on the inner bottom surface of the cylinder, the sliding plate is arranged at the top end of the spring and is in sliding connection with the inner wall of the cylinder, the movable rod is arranged on the top surface of the sliding plate, the top end of the movable rod sequentially penetrates through the cylinder and the second partition plate and is respectively in sliding connection with the cylinder and movably connected with the second partition plate, and the top end of the movable rod is connected with the first mounting plate;
the upper end and the lower end of the filter element are respectively provided with an annular connecting plate matched with the aperture of the filter element, a plurality of groups of pin blocks are arranged on the annular connecting plate at equal intervals, the first mounting plate and the second mounting plate are respectively provided with a pin hole matched with the pin blocks, and the joints of the first mounting plate and the second mounting plate and the annular connecting plate are respectively provided with a sealing gasket.
Preferably, actuating mechanism includes motor, drive pulley, driven pulley and belt, and the cover is equipped with driven pulley on the outer wall of barrel, and the motor is installed on the bottom surface of second baffle, and the output and the drive pulley of motor are connected, and drive pulley passes through the belt and is connected with driven pulley transmission.
Preferably, the filter elements are arranged in three groups at equal intervals, the filter elements in the three groups form an isosceles triangle, and the two groups of filter elements are arranged in parallel and are respectively positioned on one side close to the second filter screen.
Preferably, the other end of the connecting shaft penetrates through the side wall of the electric appliance cabinet body and is connected with the handle respectively, a limiting block is arranged on the side wall of the electric appliance cabinet body and located under the connecting shaft, and threaded holes matched with the fastening bolts are formed in the limiting block and the connecting shaft respectively.
Preferably, the working method of the electric appliance cabinet comprises the following steps:
s1, starting a turbo fan and a motor in the driving mechanism, enabling outside air to enter the turnover dust removal mechanism through the air inlet cover along the air inlet pipe under the action of the turbo fan, and then filtering the outside air through the first filter screen and the second filter screen, and removing impurities of large particles;
s2, a motor in the driving mechanism drives a driving belt pulley to rotate, the driving belt pulley drives a driven belt pulley to rotate through a belt, the driven belt pulley drives a bearing seat to rotate, so that filter elements on the bearing seat rotate, and therefore gas filtered by a first filter screen and a second filter screen is filtered through three groups of filter elements which rotate continuously and small particle impurities are removed;
s3, the gas filtered by the filter element sequentially enters an element chamber on the electric appliance cabinet body along the exhaust pipe and the communicating pipe;
s4, when workers need to clean the turnover dust removal mechanism regularly, large-particle impurities borne on the first filter screen can be cleaned by detaching the fastening bolts on the limiting blocks and then rotating the handle to drive the connecting shaft to rotate, the connecting shaft drives the side plates and the first filter screen to rotate outwards along the second filter screen, and after cleaning is finished, the connecting shaft is rotated to close the through holes in the side walls of the side plates and the electric appliance cabinet body and then is fixed by the fastening bolts;
s5, when the filter element 14 needs to be cleaned regularly, the staff connects the air pipe with the external air tank, and then opens the valve on the air pipe, so that the air on the air tank blows back the filter element through the air pipe and the exhaust pipe, and small particle impurities on the surface of the filter element can be removed.
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
starting a turbo fan and a motor in a driving mechanism, enabling outside air to enter the turnover dust removal mechanism through the air inlet cover along the air inlet pipe under the action of the turbo fan, and then filtering the outside air through a first filter screen and a second filter screen, and removing impurities of large particles; the overturning dust removal mechanism can effectively filter large-particle impurities contained in the outside air, so that the effect of preliminary dust removal and purification on the outside air is achieved, the working strength of the filter element can be effectively relieved, the service life and the working time of the filter element are prolonged, and the times of cleaning the filter element are reduced;
the connecting shaft is driven to rotate through the handle, and the connecting shaft drives the side plate and the first filter screen to rotate outwards along the second filter screen, so that the first filter screen bearing large particulate matter impurities is unfolded and displayed on the outer wall of the electric appliance cabinet body, and therefore workers can conveniently clean the large particulate matter impurities on the first filter screen, the cleaning of impurity dust in the later dust removal period is greatly improved, and the labor force of the workers is reduced;
a motor in the driving mechanism drives a driving belt pulley to rotate, the driving belt pulley drives a driven belt pulley to rotate through a belt, the driven belt pulley which rotates drives a bearing seat to rotate, so that filter elements positioned on the bearing seat rotate, and therefore gas filtered by a first filter screen and a second filter screen is filtered by three groups of filter elements which rotate continuously and small particle impurities are removed; the gas filtered by the filter element sequentially enters the element chamber on the electric appliance cabinet body along the exhaust pipe and the communicating pipe, so that the effect of grading and dedusting the external gas can be achieved, the dust removing effect is good, the dust removal is more thorough, cleaner gas can enter the electric appliance cabinet body,
the air pipe is connected with an external air tank, and then a valve on the air pipe is opened, so that the air in the air tank back blows the filter element through the air pipe and the exhaust pipe, and small particulate impurities on the surface of the filter element can be conveniently and quickly cleaned;
the motor in the driving mechanism drives the driving belt pulley to rotate, the driving belt pulley drives the driven belt pulley to rotate through a belt, the driven belt pulley drives the bearing seat to rotate, so that the filter element positioned on the bearing seat rotates, external gas is uniformly blown to the surface of the filter element, the phenomenon that a large amount of impurity dust is accumulated at the position close to the air inlet due to the fixedly installed filter element is avoided, the impurity dust accumulation at the position far away from the air inlet is less, the dust removal effect of the filter element is not uniform enough, the influence on the later-stage work and use of the integral filter element is avoided, and the dust removal efficiency of the filter element is greatly reduced;
can improve the filtration efficiency to external dust greatly through setting up the filter core of three groups, be close to two sets of filter cores that air intake position set up and can fully filter the gas that contains impurity dust that just got into, and filter the remaining part gas in back, filter once more through a set of filter core that sets up to make can fully filter external gas, and can effectively improve the efficiency of getting rid of impurity dust in the gas.
Drawings
In order to facilitate understanding for those skilled in the art, the present invention will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawings.
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is an internal structural view of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a front view of the internal structure of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is an overall view of the dust removing device of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of the tumbling dust removal mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a structural view of the dust removing mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a side view of the bottom of the appliance cabinet of the present invention;
FIG. 8 is an overall view of the cartridge of the present invention;
FIG. 9 is an overall configuration diagram of the holder of the present invention.
In the figure: 1. an electrical cabinet body; 2. a cabinet door; 3. an element chamber; 4. a dust chamber; 5. a first separator; 6. a second separator; 7. an air intake hood; 8. an air inlet pipe; 9. a connecting shaft; 10. a rubber roller; 11. a side plate; 12. a first filter screen; 13. a second filter screen; 14. a filter element; 15. a first mounting plate; 16. a movable rod; 17. a barrel; 18. a driven pulley; 19. a belt; 20. a second mounting plate; 21. an air tube; 22. a communicating pipe; 23. a turbo fan; 24. a reinforcing bar; 25. a handle; 26. a limiting block; 27. fastening a bolt; 28. an annular connecting plate; 29. a pin block; 30. a pin hole; 31. a slide plate; 32. a spring; 33. and (4) exhausting the gas.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the following embodiments, and it should be understood that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
As shown in fig. 1-9, an electrical automation controlled turnover dust removal type electrical cabinet comprises an electrical cabinet body 1, a cabinet door 2 is arranged on the electrical cabinet body 1, an element chamber 3 is arranged above the interior of the electrical cabinet body 1, a dust removal chamber 4 is arranged below the interior of the electrical cabinet body 1, a first partition plate 5 and a second partition plate 6 are arranged in the dust removal chamber 4 in parallel, the first partition plate 5 is positioned above the second partition plate 6, a dust removal device is arranged in the dust removal chamber 4, the dust removal device comprises a turnover dust removal mechanism and a filter core dust removal mechanism, and the turnover dust removal mechanism and the filter core dust removal mechanism are respectively positioned between the first partition plate 5 and the second partition plate 6;
the overturning dust removal mechanism comprises an air inlet cover 7, an air inlet pipe 8, a connecting shaft 9, a rubber roller 10, a side plate 11, a first filter screen 12 and a second filter screen 13, wherein the air inlet cover 7 is arranged on the outer wall of the bottom of the electric appliance cabinet body 1, the air outlet end of the air inlet cover 7 is connected with the air inlet end of the air inlet pipe 8, one side of the first partition plate 5, which is close to the air inlet cover 7, is provided with an air vent, the air outlet end of the air inlet pipe 8 extends to the air vent on the first partition plate 5 and is communicated with the air vent, the connecting shaft 9 is rotatably arranged on the side wall of the electric appliance cabinet body 1, the rubber roller 10 is sleeved on the connecting shaft 9, the side plate 11 is arranged on the rubber roller 10, the bottom of the side plate 11 is provided with the first filter screen 12, a reinforcing rod 24 is arranged between the side;
the lateral wall of the electric appliance cabinet body 1 is provided with through holes matched with the lateral plates 11 respectively, the through holes of the lateral wall of the electric appliance cabinet body 1 are provided with sealing gaskets, the first filter screen 12 and the second filter screen 13 are of arc structures with the same circle center, the outer arc surface of the first filter screen 12 is the same as the inner arc surface of the second filter screen 13, and the first filter screen 12 is connected in a rotating mode along the inner arc surface of the second filter screen 13.
The filter element dust removal mechanism comprises a filter element 14, a first mounting plate 15, a second mounting plate 20, an air pipe 21, a communicating pipe 22 and a turbo fan 23, wherein two ends of the filter element 14 are respectively connected with the first mounting plate 15 and the second mounting plate 20;
the first mounting plate 15 is mounted on a bearing seat, the top of the bearing seat is positioned above the second partition plate 6, the bottom of the bearing seat is positioned below the second partition plate 6 and is rotatably mounted on the bottom surface in the dust removal chamber 4, the bearing seat is connected with a driving mechanism, and the driving mechanism is mounted on the bottom surface in the dust removal chamber 4;
be provided with the trompil on the second mounting panel 20, trompil department on the second mounting panel 20 is connected with blast pipe 33 rotation through sealed bearing, blast pipe 33 extends to 5 tops of first baffle, and be connected with the one end of trachea 21 and the one end of communicating pipe 22 respectively through the tee bend connecting pipe, another lateral wall of electrical cabinet body 4 is passed to the other end of trachea 21, and be provided with the valve on the trachea 21, the other end of communicating pipe 22 is connected with turbo fan 23's inlet end, turbo fan 23's the end of giving vent to anger passes clean room 4 through the pipeline, and extend to in the component room 3, turbo fan 23 installs on the top surface of first baffle 5.
The bearing seat comprises a movable rod 16, a cylinder 17, a sliding plate 31 and a spring 32, the bottom of the cylinder 17 is rotatably arranged on the inner bottom surface of the dust chamber 4, the spring 32 is arranged on the inner bottom surface of the cylinder 17, the sliding plate 31 is arranged at the top end of the spring 32, the sliding plate 31 is in sliding connection with the inner wall of the cylinder 17, the movable rod 16 is arranged on the top surface of the sliding plate 31, the top end of the movable rod 16 sequentially penetrates through the cylinder 17 and the second partition plate 6 and is respectively in sliding connection with the cylinder 17 and movably connected with the second partition plate 6, and the top end of the movable rod 16 is connected with the first mounting plate;
the upper end and the lower end of the filter element 14 are respectively provided with an annular connecting plate 28 matched with the aperture of the filter element 14, a plurality of groups of pin blocks 29 are arranged on the annular connecting plate 28 at equal intervals, pin holes 30 matched with the pin blocks 29 are respectively arranged on the first mounting plate 15 and the second mounting plate 20, and sealing gaskets are respectively arranged at the joints of the first mounting plate 15 and the second mounting plate 20 and the annular connecting plate 28, when the filter element 14 is used, the filter element 14 is arranged on the first mounting plate 15 and the second mounting plate 20 through the cooperation of the pin blocks 29 on the annular connecting plates 28 at the two ends of the filter element 14 and the pin holes 30 on the first mounting plate 15 and the second mounting plate 20 by pressing the first mounting plate 15 downwards so that the movable rod 16 drives the sliding plate 31 to move downwards and the spring 32 is in a compressed state, thereby solving the problem that the filter element 14 needs to be detached for cleaning or maintenance when the, make filter core 14 can circulate and use, and current filter core 14 all carries out erection joint through the bolt mode for need not rotatory bolt in the installation dismantlement in-process, make the not convenient and fast's of operation problem enough.
The driving mechanism comprises a motor, a driving belt pulley, a driven belt pulley 18 and a belt 19, the driven belt pulley 18 is sleeved on the outer wall of the barrel 17, the motor is installed on the bottom surface of the second partition plate 6, the output end of the motor is connected with the driving belt pulley, the driving belt pulley is in transmission connection with the driven belt pulley 18 through the belt 19, the motor in the driving mechanism drives the driving belt pulley to rotate, the driving belt pulley drives the driven belt pulley 18 to rotate through the belt 19, the driven belt pulley 18 which rotates drives the bearing seat to rotate, so that the filter element 14 positioned on the bearing seat rotates, external air is uniformly blown onto the surface of the filter element 14, the phenomenon that a large amount of impurity and dust is accumulated at the position close to the air inlet due to the fixedly installed filter element 14 is avoided, the impurity and dust accumulation at the position far away from the air inlet is, thereby affecting the use of the integral filter element 14 in the later work and greatly reducing the dust removal efficiency of the filter element 14.
Filter core 14 equidistant is provided with three groups, and constitute the isosceles triangle shape between the filter core 14 of three groups, and wherein two sets of filter core 14 sets up side by side, and be located the one side that is close to second filter screen 13 respectively, can improve the filtration efficiency to external dust greatly through the filter core 14 that sets up three groups, two sets of filter core 14 that are close to air intake position setting can fully filter the gas that contains impurity dust that just got into, and filter the remaining partial gas in back, filter once more through a set of filter core 14 that sets up, thereby make and fully filter external gas, and can effectively improve the efficiency of getting rid of impurity dust in the gas.
The other end of connecting axle 9 passes the lateral wall of electrical cabinet body 1 to be connected with handle 25 respectively, be provided with stopper 26 on the lateral wall of electrical cabinet body 1, stopper 26 is located connecting axle 9 under, and be provided with the screw hole with fastening bolt 27 looks adaptation on stopper 26 and the connecting axle 9 respectively, conveniently rotate connecting axle 9 through the handle 25 that sets up, stopper 26 and fastening bolt 27's cooperation is used, and with fix connecting axle 9.
The working method of the electric appliance cabinet comprises the following steps:
s1, starting a turbo fan 23 and a motor in a driving mechanism, enabling outside air to enter the turnover dust removal mechanism through the air inlet cover 7 along the air inlet pipe 8 under the action of the turbo fan 23, and then filtering the outside air through the first filter screen 12 and the second filter screen 13 to remove impurities of large particles;
s2, a motor in the driving mechanism drives a driving belt pulley to rotate, the driving belt pulley drives a driven belt pulley 18 to rotate through a belt 19, the driven belt pulley 18 which rotates drives a bearing seat to rotate, so that the filter element 14 on the bearing seat rotates, and therefore gas filtered by the first filter screen 12 and the second filter screen 13 is filtered through three groups of filter elements 14 which rotate continuously and small-particle impurities are removed;
s3, the gas filtered by the filter element 14 sequentially enters the element chamber 3 on the electric appliance cabinet body 1 along the exhaust pipe 33 and the communicating pipe 22;
s4, when workers need to clean the turnover dust removal mechanism regularly, the fastening bolts 27 on the limiting blocks 26 are detached, then the handle 25 is rotated to drive the connecting shaft 9 to rotate, the connecting shaft 9 drives the side plates 11 and the first filter screen 12 to rotate outwards along the second filter screen 13, large-particle impurities borne on the first filter screen 12 can be cleaned, after cleaning is completed, the connecting shaft 9 is rotated to close the side plates 11 and the through holes in the side wall of the electric appliance cabinet body 1, and then the connecting shaft 9 is fixed through the fastening bolts 27;
s5, when the filter element 14 needs to be cleaned regularly, the worker connects the air pipe 21 with an external air tank, and then opens a valve on the air pipe 21, so that the air in the air tank is blown back to the filter element 14 through the air pipe 21 and the exhaust pipe 33, and then the small particles, impurities and dust on the surface of the filter element 14 can be cleaned.
In the invention, when the device works, the turbo fan 23 and the motor in the driving mechanism are started, under the action of the turbo fan 23, outside air enters the turnover dust removal mechanism through the air inlet cover 7 along the air inlet pipe 8, and then the outside air is filtered by the first filter screen 12 and the second filter screen 13, and impurities of large particles are removed; the overturning dust removal mechanism can effectively filter large-particle impurities contained in the outside air, so as to achieve the effect of preliminary dust removal and purification on the outside air, effectively relieve the working strength of the filter element 14, prolong the service life and working time of the filter element 14, and reduce the times of cleaning the filter element 14;
in addition, the connecting shaft 9 is driven to rotate by the handle 25, the connecting shaft 9 drives the side plate 11 and the first filter screen 12 to rotate outwards along the second filter screen 13, so that the first filter screen 12 bearing large particulate impurities is unfolded and displayed on the outer wall of the electric appliance cabinet body 1, workers can conveniently clean the large particulate impurities on the first filter screen 12, the cleaning of impurity dust in the later dust removal period is greatly improved, and the labor force of the workers is reduced;
a motor in the driving mechanism drives a driving belt pulley to rotate, the driving belt pulley drives a driven belt pulley 18 to rotate through a belt 19, the driven belt pulley 18 which rotates drives a bearing seat to rotate, so that the filter element 14 positioned on the bearing seat rotates, and therefore gas filtered by the first filter screen 12 and the second filter screen 13 is filtered by three groups of filter elements 14 which rotate continuously and small-particle impurities are removed; the gas filtered by the filter element 14 sequentially enters the element chamber 3 on the electric appliance cabinet body 1 along the exhaust pipe 33 and the communicating pipe 22, so that the effect of grading and dedusting the external gas can be achieved, the dust removing effect is good, the dust removal is more thorough, cleaner gas can enter the electric appliance cabinet body 1,
in addition, through being connected trachea 21 with external gas pitcher, then open the valve on the trachea 21 for gas on the gas pitcher carries out the blowback through trachea 21 and blast pipe 33 to filter core 14, can convenient and fast clear up the small particle thing impurity on the filter core 14 surface.
The foregoing is merely exemplary and illustrative of the present invention and various modifications, additions and substitutions may be made by those skilled in the art to the specific embodiments described without departing from the scope of the invention as defined in the following claims.

Claims (7)

1. An electric automation control overturning dust removal type electric appliance cabinet is characterized by comprising an electric appliance cabinet body (1), wherein a cabinet door (2) is arranged on the electric appliance cabinet body (1), an element chamber (3) is arranged above the inside of the electric appliance cabinet body (1), a dust removal chamber (4) is arranged below the inside of the electric appliance cabinet body (1), a first partition plate (5) and a second partition plate (6) are arranged in the dust removal chamber (4) in parallel, the first partition plate (5) is positioned above the second partition plate (6), a dust removal device is arranged in the dust removal chamber (4), the dust removal device comprises an overturning dust removal mechanism and a filter element dust removal mechanism, and the overturning dust removal mechanism and the filter element dust removal mechanism are respectively positioned between the first partition plate (5) and the second partition plate (6);
the overturning dust removal mechanism comprises an air inlet cover (7), an air inlet pipe (8), a connecting shaft (9), a rubber roller (10), a side plate (11), a first filter screen (12) and a second filter screen (13), wherein the air inlet cover (7) is arranged on the outer wall of the bottom of the electric appliance cabinet body (1), the air outlet end of the air inlet cover (7) is connected with the air inlet end of the air inlet pipe (8), one side of a first partition plate (5) close to the air inlet cover (7) is provided with an air vent, the air outlet end of the air inlet pipe (8) extends to the air vent on the first partition plate (5) and is communicated with the air vent, the connecting shaft (9) is rotatably arranged on the side wall of the electric appliance cabinet body (1), the rubber roller (10) is sleeved on the connecting shaft (9), the side plate (11) is arranged on the rubber roller (10), the bottom of the side plate (11) is provided with the first filter screen (12), the upper end and the lower end of the second filter screen (13) are respectively arranged on the first clapboard (5) and the second clapboard (6);
the through holes matched with the side plates (11) are respectively formed in the side wall of the electric appliance cabinet body (1), sealing gaskets are arranged at the through holes in the side wall of the electric appliance cabinet body (1), the first filter screen (12) and the second filter screen (13) are arc-shaped structures with the same circle center, the outer arc surface of the first filter screen (12) is the same as the inner arc surface of the second filter screen (13), and the first filter screen (12) is rotatably connected with the inner arc surface of the second filter screen (13).
2. The electrical automation control turnover dust removal type electric appliance cabinet as claimed in claim 1, wherein the filter element dust removal mechanism comprises a filter element (14), a first mounting plate (15), a second mounting plate (20), an air pipe (21), a communicating pipe (22) and a turbo fan (23), and two ends of the filter element (14) are respectively connected with the first mounting plate (15) and the second mounting plate (20);
the first mounting plate (15) is mounted on the bearing seat, the top of the bearing seat is positioned above the second partition plate (6), the bottom of the bearing seat is positioned below the second partition plate (6) and is rotatably mounted on the bottom surface in the dust removal chamber (4), the bearing seat is connected with a driving mechanism, and the driving mechanism is mounted on the bottom surface in the dust removal chamber (4);
be provided with the trompil on second mounting panel (20), trompil department on second mounting panel (20) is connected with blast pipe (33) rotation through sealed bearing, the extension of blast pipe (33) is to first baffle (5) top, and be connected with the one end of trachea (21) and the one end of communicating pipe (22) respectively through the tee bend connecting pipe, the other end of trachea (21) passes another lateral wall of electrical apparatus cabinet body (1), and be provided with the valve on trachea (21), the other end of communicating pipe (22) is connected with the inlet end of turbofan (23), the end of giving vent to anger of turbofan (23) passes clean room (4) through the pipeline, and extend to in component room (3), turbofan (23) are installed on the top surface of first baffle (5).
3. The electrical automation controlled turnover dust removal type electric appliance cabinet as claimed in claim 2, wherein the supporting base comprises a movable rod (16), a cylinder (17), a sliding plate (31) and a spring (32), the bottom of the cylinder (17) is rotatably mounted on the inner bottom surface of the dust removal chamber (4), the spring (32) is arranged on the inner bottom surface of the cylinder (17), the sliding plate (31) is arranged at the top end of the spring (32), the sliding plate (31) is slidably connected with the inner wall of the cylinder (17), the movable rod (16) is arranged on the top surface of the sliding plate (31), the top end of the movable rod (16) sequentially penetrates through the cylinder (17) and the second partition plate (6) and is respectively slidably connected with the cylinder (17) and the second partition plate (6), and the top end of the movable rod (16) is connected with the first mounting plate (15);
the upper end and the lower end of the filter element (14) are respectively provided with an annular connecting plate (28) matched with the aperture of the filter element (14), a plurality of groups of pin blocks (29) are arranged on the annular connecting plate (28) at equal intervals, pin holes (30) matched with the pin blocks (29) are respectively arranged on the first mounting plate (15) and the second mounting plate (20), and sealing gaskets are respectively arranged at the joints of the first mounting plate (15) and the second mounting plate (20) and the annular connecting plate (28).
4. The electrical automation controlled turnover dust-removing type electric appliance cabinet as claimed in claim 2, wherein the driving mechanism comprises a motor, a driving pulley, a driven pulley (18) and a belt (19), the driven pulley (18) is sleeved on the outer wall of the cylinder (17), the motor is installed on the bottom surface of the second partition plate (6), the output end of the motor is connected with the driving pulley, and the driving pulley is in transmission connection with the driven pulley (18) through the belt (19).
5. An electric automation controlled turnover dust-removing type electric appliance cabinet as claimed in claim 2, characterized in that the filter elements (14) are arranged in three groups at equal intervals, and the filter elements (14) in the three groups form an isosceles triangle shape, and the filter elements (14) in the two groups are arranged in parallel and are respectively positioned at one side close to the second filter screen (13).
6. The electrical automation control turnover dust removal type electric appliance cabinet as claimed in claim 1, wherein the other end of the connecting shaft (9) penetrates through the side wall of the electric appliance cabinet body (1) and is connected with the handle (25) respectively, a limiting block (26) is arranged on the side wall of the electric appliance cabinet body (1), the limiting block (26) is located under the connecting shaft (9), and threaded holes matched with the fastening bolts (27) are arranged on the limiting block (26) and the connecting shaft (9) respectively.
7. The electrical automation controlled turnover dust removal type electric appliance cabinet as claimed in claim 1, wherein the working method of the electric appliance cabinet comprises the following steps:
s1, starting a turbo fan (23) and a motor in a driving mechanism, enabling outside air to enter the turnover dust removal mechanism through an air inlet cover (7) along an air inlet pipe (8) under the action of the turbo fan (23), and then filtering the outside air through a first filter screen (12) and a second filter screen (13) to remove impurities of large particles;
s2, a motor in the driving mechanism drives a driving belt pulley to rotate, the driving belt pulley drives a driven belt pulley (18) to rotate through a belt (19), the driven belt pulley (18) which rotates drives a bearing seat to rotate, so that a filter element (14) positioned on the bearing seat rotates, and therefore gas filtered by a first filter screen (12) and a second filter screen (13) is filtered through three groups of filter elements (14) which rotate continuously and small particle impurities are removed;
s3, the gas filtered by the filter element (14) sequentially enters an element chamber (3) on the electric appliance cabinet body (1) along the exhaust pipe (33) and the communicating pipe (22);
s4, when workers need to clean the turnover dust removal mechanism regularly, the fastening bolts (27) on the limiting blocks (26) are detached, then the handle (25) is rotated to drive the connecting shaft (9) to rotate, the connecting shaft (9) drives the side plates (11) and the first filter screen (12) to rotate outwards along the second filter screen (13), large-particle impurities borne on the first filter screen (12) can be cleaned, after cleaning is completed, the connecting shaft (9) is rotated, so that the side plates (11) and through holes in the side wall of the electric appliance cabinet body (1) are closed, and then the connecting shaft (9) is fixed through the fastening bolts (27);
s5, when the filter element (14) needs to be cleaned regularly, the air pipe (21) is connected with an external air tank, then a valve on the air pipe (21) is opened, so that the filter element (14) is subjected to back flushing through the air pipe (21) and the exhaust pipe (33) by gas on the air tank, and small particulate impurities on the surface of the filter element (14) can be removed.
CN201910973854.0A 2019-10-14 2019-10-14 Electric automation control's upset dust type electric appliance cabinet Active CN110694386B (en)

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