CN110692410A - Rolling-pulling type mulching film recycling device - Google Patents

Rolling-pulling type mulching film recycling device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110692410A
CN110692410A CN201911121299.5A CN201911121299A CN110692410A CN 110692410 A CN110692410 A CN 110692410A CN 201911121299 A CN201911121299 A CN 201911121299A CN 110692410 A CN110692410 A CN 110692410A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
gear
mulching film
rolling
plastic film
recycling
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Pending
Application number
CN201911121299.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
拓耀飞
张�雄
张宏基
赵相
曹卫锋
纪晓玲
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Yulin University
Original Assignee
Yulin University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Yulin University filed Critical Yulin University
Priority to CN201911121299.5A priority Critical patent/CN110692410A/en
Publication of CN110692410A publication Critical patent/CN110692410A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G13/00Protecting plants
    • A01G13/02Protective coverings for plants; Coverings for the ground; Devices for laying-out or removing coverings
    • A01G13/0256Ground coverings
    • A01G13/0287Devices for laying-out or removing ground coverings

Abstract

The invention discloses a rolling-pulling type mulching film recycling device which comprises a rack, wherein machine wheels are arranged on two sides of the rack and connected with a mulching film rolling-pulling device through a gear transmission device, the gear transmission device is used for coordinating the advancing speed of a recycling machine with the mulching film recycling linear speed, a mulching film guiding and dust removing device is arranged on the rack on the front side of the mulching film rolling-pulling device, a mulching film collecting box is arranged on the rack on the rear side, and the mulching film rolling-pulling device can compress mulching films processed by the mulching film guiding and dust removing device and drive the mulching films to move backwards to be sent into the mulching film collecting box. The invention can greatly improve the recovery efficiency of the mulching film and the integrity of the recovered mulching film, has less sundries, can improve the quality of the recovered mulching film and is beneficial to the recycling of the mulching film.

Description

Rolling-pulling type mulching film recycling device
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of agricultural machinery, and particularly relates to a rolling-pulling type mulching film recycling device.
Background
At present, the mulching film is widely applied to agricultural production and plays an important role in improving the yield of agricultural products. However, the use of mulching films causes a new problem of recycling of the mulching films. Insufficient mulching film recovery causes new environmental problems and causes white pollution.
In the inter-membrane cultivation technology, the crops are planted on the side edges of the mulching film instead of the mulching film, so that the integrity of the mulching film is better. If the existing mulching film recycling machine is used for recycling, the recycled mulching film is poor in integrity, the recycling of the mulching film is not facilitated, and the condition that the recycling efficiency is not ideal exists. Therefore, the efficient mulching film recycling machine suitable for the application occasions of the cultivation technology of the interstratified film is necessary.
Disclosure of Invention
The technical problem to be solved by the invention is to provide a rolling-pulling type mulching film recycling device aiming at the defects in the prior art, which is suitable for recycling mulching films in the field of inter-film cultivation technology application.
The invention adopts the following technical scheme:
the utility model provides a roll and draw formula plastic film recovery unit, includes the frame, the both sides of frame are provided with the wheel, the wheel rolls through gear and is connected with the plastic film roll-draw device, gear is used for coordinating recovery machine marcing speed and plastic film recovery linear velocity, be provided with plastic film direction dust removal device in the frame of plastic film roll-draw device front side, be provided with the plastic film collecting box in the frame of rear side, the plastic film roll-draw device can compress tightly the plastic film after plastic film direction dust removal device handles and drive the plastic film and move backward and send into in the plastic film collecting box.
Specifically, the wheel sets up the both sides in the frame through the primary shaft, is provided with gear drive on the primary shaft, rolls through gear drive with the plastic film respectively and draws the first compression roller and the second compression roller of device to be connected, and gear drive's total gear ratio of gear corresponds the setting with the diameter of wheel and the diameter of first compression roller and second compression roller.
Furthermore, the gear transmission device comprises a first gear, the first gear is meshed with a second gear arranged above the first gear, the second gear is arranged at one end of a second shaft, and a third gear is arranged at the other end of the second shaft; the third gear is meshed with a fourth gear arranged above the third gear, and the fourth gear is coaxially connected with a fifth gear; the fifth gear is meshed with a sixth gear arranged above the fifth gear, the sixth gear is arranged at one end of the first press roller, and a seventh gear is arranged at the other end of the first press roller; the seventh gear is meshed with an eighth gear arranged above the seventh gear, the eighth gear is arranged at one end of the second pressing roller, and the seventh gear drives the eighth gear to realize reverse rolling of the second pressing roller and the first pressing roller.
Furthermore, the ratio of the rotating speed of the seventh gear to the rotating speed of the first gear is equal to the ratio of the diameter of the wheel to the diameters of the first pressing roller and the second pressing roller.
Furthermore, elastic materials are arranged on the outer cylindrical surfaces of the first pressing roller and the second pressing roller.
Specifically, plastic film direction dust collector is including setting up one-level deflector roll and the second grade deflector roll in the frame, and the height difference of one-level deflector roll and second grade deflector roll.
Specifically, a scarification plough is arranged below the frame.
Specifically, the front side of the frame is provided with a pin connected with the power device.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has at least the following beneficial effects:
the rolling-pulling type mulching film recycling device can achieve efficient recycling of mulching films, guarantees the integrity of the recycled mulching films to the maximum extent, has the characteristic of few impurities of the recycled mulching films, and is characterized in that the power device is connected with the rack through the pins so as to drive the recycling machine to move forward. The wheel rolls and drives gear drive, makes compression roller and compression roller reverse roll, and the tractive plastic film moves and sends into to plastic film collection box one side, and the plastic film passes through one-level deflector roll and second grade deflector roll direction transmission, and weeds and dust on it then drop in the underground, have reduced the impurity of retrieving the plastic film. The loosening plough in the front of the frame is mainly inserted into the mulching film margin, the soil covering plough for compacting the mulching film margin is loosened, the rolling and pulling resistance of the mulching film is reduced, and the mulching film is prevented from being broken.
Furthermore, the gear transmission device increases the operation reliability and ensures the internal relation between the advancing speed of the device and the mulching film recycling linear speed.
Further, the rotating speed ratio and the diameter ratio are kept the same, so that mulching film recovery and device advancing speed are coordinated, and mulching film is prevented from being pulled apart or being accumulated at the front end of the pressing roller.
Further, under the counter-rotation of the compression roller that elastic material was equipped with on the surface, the plastic film can be pressed from both sides to the elastic material cylinder and along with the compression roller rotates the plastic film and drives the plastic film and move and send into the collection box to the collection box direction, and the elastic material cylinder has guaranteed that the contact of plastic film and compression roller is even to keep the appropriate pulling force to the front end plastic film.
Further, under the direction of two-stage deflector roll and the drawing of compression roller, the plastic film is by low to eminence removal, and debris such as earth on the plastic film can drop along with the direction and the tractive of deflector roll for the residual debris that retrieve the plastic film reduces.
In conclusion, the mulching film recycling device can greatly improve the mulching film recycling efficiency and the integrity of the recycled mulching film, has less sundries, can improve the quality of the recycled mulching film, and is beneficial to recycling of the mulching film.
The technical solution of the present invention is further described in detail by the accompanying drawings and embodiments.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the structure of the present invention.
Wherein: 1. a primary guide roller; 2. a frame; 3. a secondary guide roller; 4. a first gear; 5. a first shaft; 6. a second gear; 7. a second shaft; 8. a fifth gear; 9. a sixth gear; 10. a mulching film collecting box; 11. a first press roll; 12. a second press roll; 13. an eighth gear; 14. a seventh gear; 15. a fourth gear; 16. a third gear; 17. a machine wheel; 18; a soil-loosening plough; 19. and (4) a pin.
Detailed Description
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that the terms "center", "longitudinal", "lateral", "up", "down", "front", "back", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "top", "bottom", "inner", "outer", "one side", "one end", "one side", and the like indicate orientations or positional relationships based on those shown in the drawings, and are only for convenience of description and simplicity of description, and do not indicate or imply that the device or element referred to must have a particular orientation, be constructed in a particular orientation, and be operated, and thus, are not to be construed as limiting the present invention. Furthermore, the terms "first", "second" and "first" are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance or implicitly indicating the number of technical features indicated. Thus, a feature defined as "first" or "second" may explicitly or implicitly include one or more of that feature. In the description of the present invention, "a plurality" means two or more unless otherwise specified.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that, unless otherwise explicitly specified or limited, the terms "mounted," "connected," and "connected" are to be construed broadly, e.g., as meaning either a fixed connection, a removable connection, or an integral connection; can be mechanically or electrically connected; they may be connected directly or indirectly through intervening media, or they may be interconnected between two elements. The specific meanings of the above terms in the present invention can be understood in specific cases to those skilled in the art.
Referring to fig. 1, the rolling-pulling type mulching film recycling device of the present invention comprises a frame 2, wherein the frame 2 is provided with a first-stage guide roller 1 and a second-stage guide roller 3, and the first-stage guide roller 1 and the second-stage guide roller 3 form a mulching film guiding and dust removing device; the two sides of the frame 2 are provided with wheels 17 through a first shaft 5, the first shaft 5 is provided with a gear transmission device, the gear transmission device is provided with a first pressing roller 11 and a second pressing roller 12, the first pressing roller 11 and the second pressing roller 12 form a mulching film rolling and pulling device, the gear transmission device is used for coordinating the advancing speed of the recycling machine and the mulching film recycling linear speed, and the gear total transmission ratio of the gear transmission device corresponds to the diameter of the wheels 17 and the diameter of the first pressing roller 11 and the diameter of the second pressing roller 12.
A scarification plough 18 is arranged below the frame 2, a pin 19 connected with a power device is arranged on the front side of the frame 2, and a mulching film collecting box 10 is arranged on the rear side of the frame 2 and used for keeping the traction force on the mulching film at the front end.
The gear transmission device comprises a first gear 4, a second gear 6, a third gear 16, a fourth gear 15, a fifth gear 8, a sixth gear 9, a seventh gear 14 and an eighth gear 15, wherein the first gear 4 is arranged on the inner side of a wheel 17 on the right side of the first shaft 5; the first gear 4 is meshed with the second gear 6, the second gear 6 is arranged at one end of the second shaft 7, the other end of the second shaft 7 is provided with a third gear 16, and the first gear 4 transmits motion to the third gear 16 which is coaxial with the first gear 4 through the second gear 6 meshed with the first gear; the third gear 16 is meshed with a fourth gear 15 arranged above the third gear, the fourth gear 15 is coaxially connected with a fifth gear 8, and the third gear 16 transmits motion to the fifth gear 8 which is coaxial with the third gear through the fourth gear 15 meshed with the third gear; the fifth gear 8 is meshed with a sixth gear 9 arranged above the fifth gear, the sixth gear 9 is arranged at one end of a first pressing roller 11, a seventh gear 14 is arranged at the other end of the first pressing roller 11, and the fifth gear 8 transmits motion to the seventh gear 14 which is coaxial with the fifth gear through the sixth gear 9 meshed with the fifth gear; the seventh gear 14 is meshed with an eighth gear 13 arranged above the seventh gear 14, the eighth gear 13 is arranged at one end of the second press roller 12, the eighth gear 13 is driven by the seventh gear 14 to realize reverse rolling of the second press roller 12 and the first press roller 11, and the ratio (transmission ratio) of the rotating speed of the seventh gear 14 to the rotating speed of the first gear 4 is equal to the ratio of the diameter of the wheel to the diameter of the press roller.
Elastic materials are arranged on the outer cylindrical surfaces of the first pressing roller 11 and the second pressing roller 12; the mulching film pressing device is used for pressing the mulching film and driving the mulching film to move backwards; and sent into a mulching film collecting box 10.
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the embodiments of the present invention clearer, the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are some, but not all, embodiments of the present invention. The components of the embodiments of the present invention generally described and illustrated in the figures herein may be arranged and designed in a wide variety of different configurations. Thus, the following detailed description of the embodiments of the present invention, presented in the figures, is not intended to limit the scope of the invention, as claimed, but is merely representative of selected embodiments of the invention. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Before working, the mulching film bypasses the primary guide roller 1 and the secondary guide roller 3 and is sent to a first pressing roller 11 and a second pressing roller 12; pushing the wheel 17; passing the mulch through a counter-pressing zone of a first pressing roll 11 and a second pressing roll 12;
when in work, the power device is connected with the frame 2 through the pin 19; thereby driving the recovery device to move forward;
the wheel 17 rolls to drive the gear transmission device; the first press roller 11 and the second press roller 12 are rolled reversely; pulling the mulching film to move to one side of the mulching film collecting box 10 and feeding the mulching film; the mulching film is guided and transmitted through a first-stage guide roller 1 and a second-stage guide roller 3; weeds and dust thereon fall into the ground; reducing the impurities of the recycled mulching film;
the scarification plough 18 in front of the frame 2 is inserted into the mulching film margin; plowing and loosening the soil covering on the edge of the compacted mulching film; the rolling and pulling resistance of the mulching film is reduced; the mulching film is prevented from being broken.
Through the coordination of the scarification plough 18, the mulching film guiding and dedusting device, the gear transmission device and the mulching film rolling and pulling device; and finishing the recovery operation of the mulching film.
The above-mentioned contents are only for illustrating the technical idea of the present invention, and the protection scope of the present invention is not limited thereby, and any modification made on the basis of the technical idea of the present invention falls within the protection scope of the claims of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. The utility model provides a roll and draw formula plastic film recovery unit, a serial communication port, including frame (2), the both sides of frame (2) are provided with wheel (17), wheel (17) are connected with the plastic film roll-draw device through gear drive, gear drive is used for coordinating recovery machine marcing speed and plastic film recovery linear velocity, be provided with plastic film direction dust removal device on frame (2) of plastic film roll-draw device front side, be provided with plastic film collecting box (10) on frame (2) of rear side, the plastic film roll-draw device can compress tightly the plastic film after plastic film direction dust removal device handles and drive the plastic film backward the motion and send into in plastic film collecting box (10).
2. The rolling-pulling type mulching film recycling device according to claim 1, wherein the wheels (17) are arranged on two sides of the frame (2) through the first shaft (5), the first shaft (5) is provided with a gear transmission device, the first shaft is respectively connected with the first pressing roller (11) and the second pressing roller (12) of the mulching film rolling-pulling device through the gear transmission device, and the gear total transmission ratio of the gear transmission device is arranged corresponding to the diameter of the wheels (17) and the diameter of the first pressing roller (11) and the diameter of the second pressing roller (12).
3. The rolling-pulling type mulching film recycling device according to claim 2, wherein the gear transmission device comprises a first gear (4), the first gear (4) is in meshed connection with a second gear (6) arranged above the first gear, the second gear (6) is arranged at one end of a second shaft (7), and a third gear (16) is arranged at the other end of the second shaft (7); the third gear (16) is meshed with a fourth gear (15) arranged above the third gear, and the fourth gear (15) is coaxially connected with a fifth gear (8); the fifth gear (8) is meshed with a sixth gear (9) arranged above the fifth gear, the sixth gear (9) is arranged at one end of the first press roller (11), and a seventh gear (14) is arranged at the other end of the first press roller (11); the seventh gear (14) is meshed with an eighth gear (13) arranged above the seventh gear, the eighth gear (13) is arranged at one end of the second press roller (12), and the seventh gear (14) drives the eighth gear (13) to realize reverse rolling of the second press roller (12) and the first press roller (11).
4. The rolling-pulling type mulching film recycling device according to claim 3, wherein the ratio of the rotating speed of the seventh gear (14) to the rotating speed of the first gear (4) is equal to the ratio of the diameter of the wheel (17) to the diameter of the first pressing roller (11) and the second pressing roller (12).
5. The rolling-pulling type mulching film recycling device according to claim 2, wherein the outer cylindrical surfaces of the first pressing roller (11) and the second pressing roller (12) are provided with elastic materials.
6. A rolling-type mulching film recycling device according to claim 1, wherein the mulching film guiding and dust removing device comprises a primary guide roller (1) and a secondary guide roller (3) which are arranged on the frame (2), and the heights of the primary guide roller (1) and the secondary guide roller (3) are different.
7. The rolling-pulling type mulching film recycling device according to claim 1, wherein a scarification plough (18) is arranged below the frame (2).
8. The rolling-pulling type mulching film recycling device according to claim 1, wherein the front side of the frame (2) is provided with a pin (19) connected with a power device.
CN201911121299.5A 2019-11-15 2019-11-15 Rolling-pulling type mulching film recycling device Pending CN110692410A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201911121299.5A CN110692410A (en) 2019-11-15 2019-11-15 Rolling-pulling type mulching film recycling device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201911121299.5A CN110692410A (en) 2019-11-15 2019-11-15 Rolling-pulling type mulching film recycling device

Publications (1)

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CN110692410A true CN110692410A (en) 2020-01-17

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Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101911865A (en) * 2010-07-06 2010-12-15 中国农业大学 Floating synchronous curl-up film roller type seedling plastic film collector
CN204362521U (en) * 2014-12-26 2015-06-03 西北民族大学 A kind of machine for recycling mulch film
CN205151294U (en) * 2015-11-18 2016-04-13 韩凤臣 Machine is retrieved to membrane, miscellaneous separation plastic film roll -up
CN205454422U (en) * 2016-04-01 2016-08-17 永昌县恒源农机制造有限公司 Machine of recovery is picked up to tooth -like incomplete membrane of flexible commentaries on classics
CN109328497A (en) * 2018-12-06 2019-02-15 东营市农业科学研究院 A kind of antiwind mulch high efficiente callback device
CN110150001A (en) * 2019-06-30 2019-08-23 西北农林科技大学 A kind of roller type machine for recycling mulch film
CN110402729A (en) * 2019-06-26 2019-11-05 河南农业大学 A kind of automatic machine for recycling mulch film

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101911865A (en) * 2010-07-06 2010-12-15 中国农业大学 Floating synchronous curl-up film roller type seedling plastic film collector
CN204362521U (en) * 2014-12-26 2015-06-03 西北民族大学 A kind of machine for recycling mulch film
CN205151294U (en) * 2015-11-18 2016-04-13 韩凤臣 Machine is retrieved to membrane, miscellaneous separation plastic film roll -up
CN205454422U (en) * 2016-04-01 2016-08-17 永昌县恒源农机制造有限公司 Machine of recovery is picked up to tooth -like incomplete membrane of flexible commentaries on classics
CN109328497A (en) * 2018-12-06 2019-02-15 东营市农业科学研究院 A kind of antiwind mulch high efficiente callback device
CN110402729A (en) * 2019-06-26 2019-11-05 河南农业大学 A kind of automatic machine for recycling mulch film
CN110150001A (en) * 2019-06-30 2019-08-23 西北农林科技大学 A kind of roller type machine for recycling mulch film

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
赵振宁等: "《汽车底盘构造、原理与检修(上)汽车传动系统》", 31 March 2015, 北京理工大学出版社 *

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