CN110686839A - Sliding friction pair dynamic sealing performance testing equipment based on gas pressure source - Google Patents

Sliding friction pair dynamic sealing performance testing equipment based on gas pressure source Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110686839A
CN110686839A CN201910898232.6A CN201910898232A CN110686839A CN 110686839 A CN110686839 A CN 110686839A CN 201910898232 A CN201910898232 A CN 201910898232A CN 110686839 A CN110686839 A CN 110686839A
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tested
pressure
clamping
auxiliary
friction pair
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CN201910898232.6A
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魏金花
林彬
王皓吉
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Tianjin University
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Tianjin University
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01MTESTING STATIC OR DYNAMIC BALANCE OF MACHINES OR STRUCTURES; TESTING OF STRUCTURES OR APPARATUS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G01M3/00Investigating fluid-tightness of structures
    • G01M3/02Investigating fluid-tightness of structures by using fluid or vacuum
    • G01M3/26Investigating fluid-tightness of structures by using fluid or vacuum by measuring rate of loss or gain of fluid, e.g. by pressure-responsive devices, by flow detectors

Abstract

The invention relates to a sliding friction pair dynamic sealing performance testing device based on a gas pressure source, which comprises: the pressure loading device comprises a pressure loading module (1), a clamping mechanism (3) connected with the pressure loading module (1), a clamping mechanism (7), a rotating table (6), a sealing element, a pressure sensor (11) and a pressure source (13). The test method comprises the following steps: fixing a standard sample made of a to-be-detected auxiliary material A on a clamping mechanism; fixing another standard sample made of the auxiliary material B to be detected on a rotating table; the two standard samples are compacted by using the pressure loading module, and the compaction degree can be adjusted by indicating numbers of the force sensor; rotating the rotating table according to the required rotating speed; filling a test fluid into an external pipeline and an internal pipeline of the test system by using a pressure source; and (3) recording the change condition of the gas pressure along with time in the rotating friction process of the sliding friction pair by using a pressure sensor, and drawing the flow value at each moment into a curve chart.

Description

Sliding friction pair dynamic sealing performance testing equipment based on gas pressure source
Technical Field
The invention relates to a method for testing dynamic sealing performance of a sliding friction pair, in particular to a method for testing the dynamic sealing performance of fluid between friction surfaces of the sliding friction pair by measuring the response of the fluid pressure.
Background
The sliding friction pair is a system formed by a pair of objects which are in direct contact and generate relative sliding friction movement. Generally, a pair of objects forming a good sliding friction pair need to be properly matched with each other to form a synergistic effect so as to realize the characteristics of low friction coefficient, low wear rate, short running-in time and the like. Meanwhile, a large number of sliding friction pairs with proper matching and good performance are used as sealing surfaces which need to perform relative sliding motion, such as a piston sliding ring and a cylinder sleeve of an air cylinder, a rotor sliding block and a rotor cylinder wall of a rotor pump and the like. On one hand, the friction pairs play a role in reducing friction, reduce the friction loss of the whole machine and improve the mechanical efficiency; on the other hand, the dynamic sealing function is adopted, so that the matching surface can still keep good sealing performance in the reciprocating or rotating sliding motion process, and the fluid (gas or liquid) on two sides of the matching surface can resist the action of pressure difference on the two sides, and the leakage phenomenon passing through the matching surface is avoided.
The research on the sliding friction pair is generally divided into two stages of material system research and prototype verification. In the material system research stage, researchers generally use special test equipment (such as a friction and wear tester) to perform tribology tests on different alternative friction pairs in a standard test mode to measure the friction coefficient, the wear rate, the running-in time and other properties of the alternative friction pairs, so as to preferably select a sliding friction pair with better tribology properties. In the prototype verification stage, researchers manufacture test prototypes by using the superior sliding friction pairs selected in the previous stage. The test is carried out under the actual or simulated working condition of the equipment, so as to verify whether the sliding friction pair can be used on the final mechanical product.
The dynamic sealing performance of the sliding friction pair is important to test, because the dynamic sealing performance is an important index for determining whether the sliding friction pair can be applied to a sliding sealing surface of a related mechanical product. The material, surface quality (generally referred to as surface waviness and roughness), surface microtexture (generally referred to as micro grooves machined on the surface of the friction pair by using a laser method and the like), surface hardness, interference fit amount and the like of the friction pair material all affect the dynamic sealing performance of the friction pair. However, at present, no suitable test method exists, and the dynamic sealing performance test of the sliding friction pair in the material system research stage can be realized, so that the dynamic sealing performance test can be only carried out in the prototype verification stage. If the sealing performance of the friction pair is found to be not up to the requirement in the verification stage of the prototype, friction pair parts with other process parameters need to be processed again, and even only friction pairs made of other materials can be replaced. This causes waste of time and cost, thereby extending the development period and development cost of the entire apparatus.
In conclusion, the method for testing the dynamic sealing performance of the sliding friction pair is developed, the sealing performance of the friction pair is tested in the material system research stage, and the method has important significance for improving the research efficiency of the sliding friction pair, shortening the development period of a new product and reducing the research and development cost.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention provides a novel method for testing the dynamic sealing performance of a sliding friction pair, which can realize the test of the dynamic sealing performance of the sliding friction pair only by processing the friction pair to be tested into a standard sample. The technical scheme is as follows:
a sliding friction pair dynamic sealing performance test device based on a gas pressure source, a sliding friction pair to be tested comprises a standard sample made of a material A of a matching pair to be tested and another standard sample made of a material B of the matching pair to be tested, and the test device comprises: the pressure loading device comprises a pressure loading module 1, a clamping mechanism 3 connected with the pressure loading module 1, a clamping mechanism 7, a rotating table 6, a sealing element, a pressure sensor and a pressure source 13. Wherein the content of the first and second substances,
the pressure loading module is used for driving the clamping mechanism 3 to move so as to tightly press the auxiliary material A to be tested onto the auxiliary material B to be tested;
the auxiliary material A to be measured is fixedly connected with the clamping mechanism 3 to realize clamping;
the material B to be tested is fixedly connected with the rotating table 6 through the clamping mechanism 7, so that the material B to be tested realizes rotary motion at a given rotating speed under the drive of the rotating table 6;
an internal pipeline 15 for communicating the contact surface of the auxiliary material A to be measured and the auxiliary material B to be measured with an external pipeline is arranged in the clamping mechanism,
the pressure source 13 is an air pump and is used for outputting compressed air, and the compressed air is guided to the contact surface of the two auxiliary materials to be tested through the external pipeline, the switching mechanism 10 and the flow guide of the internal pipeline 15 of the clamping mechanism 3; the sealing element is used for sealing the contact surfaces of the clamping mechanism 3 and the auxiliary material A to be tested, so that the contact surfaces of only two auxiliary materials to be tested are left at the position where the whole testing system is likely to have test fluid leakage; the pressure of air in the pipeline is measured through the pressure sensor, and the measurement of the sealing performance of the sliding friction pair formed by the two auxiliary materials to be measured is realized.
Preferably, the degree of compaction is controlled by the pressure value of the force sensor of the pressure loading module 1, so that the contact pressure of the contact plane of the auxiliary material A to be measured and the auxiliary material B to be measured can be accurately regulated and controlled.
The clamping mechanism 3 is connected with the pressure loading module 1 through the elastic coupler 2 so as to realize the stable contact of the two auxiliary materials to be tested.
The technology can realize the following beneficial effects:
1. the dynamic sealing performance of the sliding friction pair can be tested;
2. in the test process, the two materials of the friction pair to be tested only need to be processed into quite simple shapes to form standard sample pieces, and the dynamic sealing performance can be tested;
3. the data in the test process has the advantages of intuition, visibility, easy evaluation and close relation between the test result and the actual working condition;
drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of a test system of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a detail view of fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is a plan view of a standard sample to be processed from the auxiliary material a to be measured according to the present invention.
Fig. 4 is a schematic three-dimensional shape diagram of a standard sample to be processed from the accessory material a to be measured according to the present invention.
FIG. 5 is a general schematic of the test results of the present invention.
The reference numbers in the figures illustrate: 1, a pressure loading module; 2, an elastic coupling; 3, a clamping mechanism; 4, preparing a material A to be detected; 5 preparing a material B to be detected; 6, rotating the table; 7, a clamping structure; 8, positioning pins; 9 pipelines; 10 a changeover mechanism; 11 a pressure or flow sensor; 12 pipelines; 13 a pressure source; 14 a control system; 15 internal piping; 16 sealing rings; 17 locking the nut; 18 threads.
Detailed Description
1. Set up the test apparatus shown in figure 1, comprising:
1.1, processing a material A of a sliding friction pair to be tested into a standard sample with a structure as shown in the attached figures 3 and 4;
and 1.2, clamping the standard sample by using a clamping mechanism structurally shown as a part 3 in the attached drawing 1, and pressing the standard sample on the surface of another matching material B of the sliding friction pair to be tested. Ensuring that the pressure of the compaction is stabilized at a constant value through a pressure loading module;
1.3, rotating any one auxiliary material at a constant rotating speed to realize the relative motion of the sliding friction pair to be detected;
1.4, introducing a test fluid with constant pressure into a pressure input port of the clamping mechanism by using a stable pressure source;
and 1.5, detecting the pressure or flow of the fluid near the clamping mechanism by using a pressure sensor or a flow sensor.
The test apparatus described above includes: the pressure loading module 1 is connected with the clamping mechanism 3 through an elastic coupler 2. The pressure loading module can be driven by hydraulic servo and also can be driven by a motor servo and is used for driving the clamping mechanism 3 arranged at the lower end of the pressure loading module to move up and down, so that the auxiliary material A4 to be measured is pressed onto the auxiliary material B5 to be measured, the pressing degree is controlled through the pressure value of the force sensor in the pressure loading module 1, and the contact pressure of the contact plane of the auxiliary material A4 to be measured and the auxiliary material B5 to be measured is accurately regulated and controlled. The elastic coupling 2 is used for realizing the stable contact of the two auxiliary materials 4 and 5 to be tested.
The auxiliary material A4 to be tested and the clamping mechanism 3 are screwed to the thread 18 at the lower end of the clamping mechanism 3 through the locking nut 17, clamping is achieved, if the test environment is severe, the problem that locking is unreliable is solved, and the reliability of connection of the clamping mechanism 3 and the auxiliary material A4 to be tested can be further improved through the positioning pin 8.
The material B5 to be measured is connected with the rotating table 6 through a clamping mechanism 7. The material B5 to be measured can be processed into any shape as long as it can be fixed on the rotating table and its upper surface is a plane that can be pressed by the material a4 to be measured. The clamping mechanism can be a three-jaw or four-jaw chuck, and can also adopt a bolt pressing plate or even an adhesive method, so that the fixed connection between the auxiliary material B5 to be detected and the rotating table 6 is realized, and the auxiliary material B5 to be detected is driven by the rotating table 6 to realize the rotary motion at a given rotating speed. Because the accessory material A4 to be tested is fixedly connected to the clamping mechanism 3 through the locking nut 17 and moves downwards under the action of the pressure loading module 1 to press the accessory material B5 to be tested, the contact surfaces of the two accessory materials 4 and 5 to be tested can finally form relative sliding motion.
The pressure source 13 outputs the test fluid at a given pressure. By guiding the lines 12, the adapter 10, the lines 9, the inner lines 15 of the fixture 3 (the inner lines 15 can be formed by drilling holes in the fixture parts), the test fluid is finally guided to the contact surfaces of the two mating materials 4, 5 to be tested, see the direction of the arrows in the enlarged detail view of fig. 1. The sealing element, namely the sealing ring 16 can realize the sealing between the contact surfaces of the clamping mechanism 3 and the auxiliary material A4 to be measured. Thus, where leakage of the test fluid may occur throughout the test system, there remains a contact surface between the two mating materials 4, 5 to be tested. If the sliding friction pair formed by the two materials 4 and 5 to be tested can form good dynamic seal, the leakage of the test fluid is slow, and the fluid pressure of the pipeline of the test system is close to the output pressure value of the pressure source; conversely, the fluid pressure in the test system line will be greatly reduced as the test fluid leaks quickly. The sensor 11 is used for measuring the flow or pressure of the fluid in the pipeline, so that the airtightness of the sliding friction pair formed by the two auxiliary materials 4 and 5 to be measured can be measured. The control system 14 realizes data acquisition, recording and analysis of the sensor 11 and controls the rotating speed and pressure output of the pressure loading module 1, the rotating table 6 and the pressure source 13.
2. The change in the fluid pressure or flow values over time is recorded and plotted as a graph. The general exemplary graph form can be referred to fig. 5;
3. by analyzing the graph, the dynamic sealing performance of the sliding friction pair can be obtained, wherein the dynamic sealing performance comprises maximum sealing capacity, minimum leakage amount, sealing service life, sealing entering time and the like.
As shown in figure 5, a general sliding friction pair has 3 stages of break-in, normal use and abrasion in the whole friction life cycle. In the running-in stage, the mutually matched planes of the friction pair rub against each other in the relative movement process, and the generated abrasive dust is filled in the pits on the surface, so that the friction force is further reduced. The sealing performance of the friction pair at this stage is gradually improved, the fluid leakage amount in the pipeline of the test system is gradually reduced, and the pressure is gradually increased. In the normal use stage, the friction pair is run in and enters a relatively stable friction process. The sealing performance of the friction pair at this stage is stable, the fluid leakage amount in the pipeline of the test system is maintained at the lowest level, and the pressure is also maintained at the highest value. In the abrasion stage, the fit condition of the friction pair is gradually poor due to aging of the friction pair, the friction coefficient is increased, and the heat is serious. In general, the sealing performance of the friction pair is reduced in the process until the friction pair is finally completely incapable of sealing. During this process, the amount of fluid leakage in the test system piping is gradually increased and the pressure is gradually decreased until eventually failing completely.
By way of example in fig. 5, the sealing performance of a sliding friction pair can be easily evaluated: the shorter the seal entering time is, the faster the friction pair can complete running-in, so that the running-in time of future mechanical products is shorter; the higher the maximum sealing capacity is, the stronger the sealing capacity of the friction pair in the normal use stage is; the longer the sealing life is, the longer the friction pair can maintain the sealing state of normal operation, so that the cycle of repairing and replacing related parts of the mechanical product is longer in the future.
Example 1:
dynamic hydraulic oil sealing performance testing method for steel-brass sliding friction pair
1) Processing the steel material to be tested into a standard sample as shown in the attached figures 3 and 4;
2) mounting the steel standard sample on a clamping mechanism through a fastening nut;
3) processing a brass material to be detected into a flat disc, and installing the flat disc on a rotating table driven by a stepping motor through a three-jaw chuck;
4) the steel standard sample piece and the brass square disc are tightly pressed by using a sliding guide rail, and the pressing degree can be adjusted by the reading of a force sensor;
5) rotating the stepping motor of the rotating table according to the required rotating speed;
6) the hydraulic pump is used as a pressure source, and hydraulic oil is pumped into a pipeline of the test system at a constant pressure;
7) and recording the change condition of the leakage flow along with time in the rotating friction process of the friction pair to be detected by using the flow sensor. Drawing the flow value at each moment into a curve chart;
8) and analyzing the curve chart to obtain the dynamic sealing performance of the steel-brass sliding friction pair on hydraulic oil, including the maximum sealing capacity, the sealing entering time and the sealing service life.
Example 2:
dynamic air sealing performance test method for carbon fiber reinforced silicon carbide ceramic matrix composite-zirconia ceramic sliding friction pair
1) Processing the zirconia ceramic material to be measured into a standard sample as shown in the components of figures 3 and 4;
2) processing a carbon fiber reinforced silicon carbide ceramic matrix composite material to be tested into a flat square block, and installing the flat square block on a rotating table driven by a stepping motor through a four-jaw chuck;
3) the mounting method of each component and sample was the same as in example 1;
4) compressed air is pumped into the pipeline of the test system at a constant pressure by an air pump.
5) Recording the change condition of the gas pressure along with the time in the rotating friction process of the friction pair to be measured by using a pressure sensor;
6) other data processing methods are the same as those of embodiment 1.

Claims (3)

1. A sliding friction pair dynamic sealing performance test device based on a gas pressure source, a sliding friction pair to be tested comprises a standard sample made of a material A of a matching pair to be tested and another standard sample made of a material B of the matching pair to be tested, and the test device comprises: the pressure loading device comprises a pressure loading module (1), a clamping mechanism (3) connected with the pressure loading module (1), a clamping mechanism (7), a rotating table (6), a sealing element, a pressure sensor and a pressure source (13). Wherein the content of the first and second substances,
the pressure loading module is used for driving the clamping mechanism (3) to move so as to tightly press the auxiliary material A to be detected onto the auxiliary material B to be detected;
the auxiliary material A to be tested is fixedly connected with the clamping mechanism (3) to realize clamping;
the material B to be tested is fixedly connected with the rotating table (6) through a clamping mechanism (7), so that the material B to be tested realizes rotary motion at a given rotating speed under the drive of the rotating table (6);
an internal pipeline (15) for communicating the contact surface of the auxiliary material A to be tested and the auxiliary material B to be tested with an external pipeline is arranged in the clamping mechanism,
the pressure source (13) is an air pump and is used for outputting compressed air, and the compressed air is guided to the contact surfaces of the two auxiliary materials to be tested through the flow guidance of the external pipeline, the switching mechanism (10) and the internal pipeline (15) of the clamping mechanism (3); the sealing element is used for sealing the contact surfaces of the clamping mechanism (3) and the auxiliary material A to be tested, so that the contact surfaces of only two auxiliary materials to be tested are left at the position where the whole testing system is likely to have test fluid leakage; the pressure of air in the pipeline is measured through the pressure sensor, and the measurement of the sealing performance of the sliding friction pair formed by the two auxiliary materials to be measured is realized.
2. The test equipment according to claim 1, wherein the degree of compaction is controlled by the pressure value of the force sensor of the pressure loading module (1), so that the contact pressure of the contact plane of the auxiliary material A to be tested and the auxiliary material B to be tested can be accurately regulated and controlled.
3. The test device according to claim 1, characterized in that the clamping mechanism (3) is connected with the pressure loading module (1) through an elastic coupling (2) to realize the smooth contact of the two mating materials to be tested.
CN201910898232.6A 2019-09-23 2019-09-23 Sliding friction pair dynamic sealing performance testing equipment based on gas pressure source Pending CN110686839A (en)

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Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2014053729A1 (en) * 2012-10-03 2014-04-10 Turbomeca Test bench and test method for a dynamic sealing system
CN104236817A (en) * 2014-09-24 2014-12-24 吉林大学 Dynamic sealing performance testing method and device for plunger cylinder sleeve
CN107179252A (en) * 2017-04-06 2017-09-19 华南理工大学 One kind becomes the typical friction pair skimming wear experimental machine of gravity orientation and test method
CN207516193U (en) * 2017-11-22 2018-06-19 华南理工大学 One kind falls tower ring block frictional wear test device
CN108956043A (en) * 2018-07-03 2018-12-07 清华大学 A kind of multiple dimensioned Real Time Monitoring method of mechanical seal
CN109374462A (en) * 2018-11-26 2019-02-22 吉林大学 The multi-functional reciprocating material friction abrasion of one kind and piston ring packing test machine
CN109870377A (en) * 2019-03-29 2019-06-11 中国矿业大学 A kind of fluid lubrication friction wear testing machine and method

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2014053729A1 (en) * 2012-10-03 2014-04-10 Turbomeca Test bench and test method for a dynamic sealing system
CN104236817A (en) * 2014-09-24 2014-12-24 吉林大学 Dynamic sealing performance testing method and device for plunger cylinder sleeve
CN107179252A (en) * 2017-04-06 2017-09-19 华南理工大学 One kind becomes the typical friction pair skimming wear experimental machine of gravity orientation and test method
CN207516193U (en) * 2017-11-22 2018-06-19 华南理工大学 One kind falls tower ring block frictional wear test device
CN108956043A (en) * 2018-07-03 2018-12-07 清华大学 A kind of multiple dimensioned Real Time Monitoring method of mechanical seal
CN109374462A (en) * 2018-11-26 2019-02-22 吉林大学 The multi-functional reciprocating material friction abrasion of one kind and piston ring packing test machine
CN109870377A (en) * 2019-03-29 2019-06-11 中国矿业大学 A kind of fluid lubrication friction wear testing machine and method

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