CN110684560A - Biomass gasification stove with crushed aggregates function - Google Patents

Biomass gasification stove with crushed aggregates function Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110684560A
CN110684560A CN201911085390.6A CN201911085390A CN110684560A CN 110684560 A CN110684560 A CN 110684560A CN 201911085390 A CN201911085390 A CN 201911085390A CN 110684560 A CN110684560 A CN 110684560A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
straight
rigid coupling
shell
bar
bearing
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201911085390.6A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杨太远
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Taining Xiangtai New Energy Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Taining Xiangtai New Energy Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Taining Xiangtai New Energy Co Ltd filed Critical Taining Xiangtai New Energy Co Ltd
Priority to CN201911085390.6A priority Critical patent/CN110684560A/en
Publication of CN110684560A publication Critical patent/CN110684560A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10JPRODUCTION OF PRODUCER GAS, WATER-GAS, SYNTHESIS GAS FROM SOLID CARBONACEOUS MATERIAL, OR MIXTURES CONTAINING THESE GASES; CARBURETTING AIR OR OTHER GASES
    • C10J3/00Production of combustible gases containing carbon monoxide from solid carbonaceous fuels
    • C10J3/02Fixed-bed gasification of lump fuel
    • C10J3/20Apparatus; Plants
    • C10J3/30Fuel charging devices
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10JPRODUCTION OF PRODUCER GAS, WATER-GAS, SYNTHESIS GAS FROM SOLID CARBONACEOUS MATERIAL, OR MIXTURES CONTAINING THESE GASES; CARBURETTING AIR OR OTHER GASES
    • C10J2200/00Details of gasification apparatus
    • C10J2200/15Details of feeding means
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10JPRODUCTION OF PRODUCER GAS, WATER-GAS, SYNTHESIS GAS FROM SOLID CARBONACEOUS MATERIAL, OR MIXTURES CONTAINING THESE GASES; CARBURETTING AIR OR OTHER GASES
    • C10J2300/00Details of gasification processes
    • C10J2300/09Details of the feed, e.g. feeding of spent catalyst, inert gas or halogens
    • C10J2300/0903Feed preparation
    • C10J2300/0906Physical processes, e.g. shredding, comminuting, chopping, sorting
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10JPRODUCTION OF PRODUCER GAS, WATER-GAS, SYNTHESIS GAS FROM SOLID CARBONACEOUS MATERIAL, OR MIXTURES CONTAINING THESE GASES; CARBURETTING AIR OR OTHER GASES
    • C10J2300/00Details of gasification processes
    • C10J2300/09Details of the feed, e.g. feeding of spent catalyst, inert gas or halogens
    • C10J2300/0913Carbonaceous raw material
    • C10J2300/0916Biomass

Abstract

The invention discloses a biomass gasification furnace with a material crushing function, which comprises a shell, wherein a feed inlet is fixedly connected to the upper end of the shell, a crushing mechanism is arranged at the upper end of an inner cavity of the shell, a cutting mechanism is fixedly connected to the lower end of the inner cavity of the shell, a straight block is fixedly connected to the top end of the cutting mechanism, a transmission mechanism is arranged in the inner cavity of the cutting mechanism, a sleeve is attached to the upper end of the outer side of the cutting mechanism, the outer wall of the sleeve is fixedly connected to the shell, a guide plate is fixedly connected to the top end of the sleeve, and a gasification furnace is fixedly connected. This biomass gasification stove with crushed aggregates function changes the connection cooperation of roller and abrasive brick through first commentaries on classics roller, second, through cutter, second straight-bar and telescopic connection cooperation, makes the cutter rotated by the drive of second straight-bar, and two crisscross cooperations of cutter cut the raw materials after milling, smash, have solved the raw materials bulky, inconvenient processing to cause the problem of jam easily.

Description

Biomass gasification stove with crushed aggregates function
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of biological gasification, in particular to a biomass gasification furnace with a material crushing function.
Background
The biomass gas is a combustible gas generated by pyrolysis or gasification decomposition of biomass at high temperature by using crop straws, forest waste, edible fungus residues, livestock and poultry manure, sewage sludge and other substances containing the biomass as raw materials, and the fuel gas manufactured by the biomass gas furnace belongs to a green new energy source and has strong vitality.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a biomass gasification furnace with a material crushing function, and aims to solve the problems that the conventional biomass gasification furnace provided in the background art cannot cut and crush raw materials with biomass to be processed, so that the working efficiency is low, the gasification furnace is blocked due to large raw materials, and the gasification furnace is easy to damage.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme: the utility model provides a biomass gasification stove with crushed aggregates function, includes the shell, the upper end rigid coupling of shell has the feed inlet, the inner chamber upper end of shell is equipped with pulverizes the mechanism, the inner chamber lower extreme rigid coupling of shell has cutting mechanism, cutting mechanism's top rigid coupling has straight piece, cutting mechanism's inner chamber is equipped with drive mechanism, the laminating has the sleeve on cutting mechanism's the outside upper end, telescopic outer wall rigid coupling shell, telescopic top rigid coupling has the deflector, the lower extreme rigid coupling of shell has the gasifier.
Preferably, cutting mechanism includes first straight-bar, cutter, straight section of thick bamboo, straight board and first bearing, first straight-bar rotates with straight board and straight section of thick bamboo respectively through first bearing and is connected, the inner circle rigid coupling of first bearing has first straight-bar, the outer lane of first bearing rigid coupling has straight board and a straight section of thick bamboo respectively, straight section of thick bamboo both ends rigid coupling shell about, the outer wall rigid coupling of first straight-bar has the cutter, the top rigid coupling of straight board has straight piece.
Preferably, the cutter is a helical cutter.
Preferably, the first straight bar is symmetrical with respect to the center of the housing.
Preferably, drive mechanism includes first recess, second straight-bar, thread bush, gear and second bearing, in first recess processing and the straight section of thick bamboo, the equal clearance fit in the inner chamber left and right sides of first recess has the thread bush, the inboard rigid coupling of thread bush has the second straight-bar, the second straight-bar passes through second bearing and straight section of thick bamboo, the inner circle and the outer lane of second bearing rigid coupling respectively have second straight-bar and straight section of thick bamboo, the front end meshing of thread bush has the gear, the top rigid coupling of gear has first straight-bar.
Preferably, grinding mechanism includes first commentaries on classics roller, second commentaries on classics roller, first pivot, second pivot and abrasive brick, first commentaries on classics roller rotates with the shell through first pivot to be connected, the second is changeed the roller and is rotated with the shell through the second pivot and be connected, the outer wall rigid coupling of first commentaries on classics roller and second commentaries on classics roller has the abrasive brick.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that: this biomass gasification stove with crushed aggregates function, through first commentaries on classics roller, the connection cooperation of roller and abrasive brick is changeed to the second, make first commentaries on classics roller and the cooperation of second commentaries on classics roller grind the raw materials of processing instead of suppressing, smash the raw materials, through the cutter, second straight-bar and telescopic connection cooperation, it is rotatory to make the cutter receive the drive of second straight-bar, two crisscross cooperations of cutter cut the raw materials after milling, smash, it is too big to have solved the raw materials volume, inconvenient processing, and cause the problem of jam easily.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the structure of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic structural view of the first rotating roller, the second rotating roller and the grinding block in fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is a schematic structural view of the straight plate, the cutter and the first straight rod in fig. 1.
Fig. 4 is a schematic structural view of the gear, the thread block and the second straight rod in fig. 1.
In the figure: 1. the gasification furnace comprises a shell, 2, a transmission mechanism, 201, a first groove, 202, a second straight rod, 203, a threaded sleeve, 204, a gear, 205, a second bearing, 3, a cutting mechanism, 301, a first straight rod, 302, a cutter, 303, a straight cylinder, 304, a straight plate, 305, a first bearing, 4, a feeding hole, 5, a grinding mechanism, 501, a first rotating roller, 502, a second rotating roller, 503, a first rotating shaft, 504, a second rotating shaft, 505, a grinding block, 6, a sleeve, 7, a guide plate, 8, a straight block, 9 and a gasification furnace.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1-4, the present invention provides a technical solution: the utility model provides a biomass gasification stove with crushed aggregates function, which comprises an outer shell 1, the upper end rigid coupling of shell 1 has feed inlet 4, the inner chamber upper end of shell 1 is equipped with pulverizes the mechanism 5, it rolls the raw materials and smashes, the inner chamber lower extreme rigid coupling of shell 1 has cutting mechanism 3, it is smashed cutting the raw materials, cutting mechanism 3's top rigid coupling has straight piece 8, straight piece 8 is the triangular prism that the top is the horned, the raw materials of being convenient for fall down, cutting mechanism 3's inner chamber is equipped with drive mechanism 2, cutting mechanism 3's the laminating of outside upper end has sleeve 6, sleeve 6's outer wall rigid coupling shell 1, sleeve 6's top rigid coupling has deflector 7, deflector 7 is middle with the raw materials direction, the lower extreme rigid coupling of shell 1 has gasifier 9.
The cutting mechanism 3 comprises a first straight rod 301 and a cutter 302, the cutting machine comprises a straight cylinder 303, a straight plate 304 and a first bearing 305, wherein a first straight rod 301 is respectively and rotatably connected with the straight plate 304 and the straight cylinder 303 through the first bearing 305, a first straight rod 301 is fixedly connected to an inner ring of the first bearing 305, a straight plate 304 and a straight cylinder 303 are respectively and fixedly connected to an outer ring of the first bearing 305, a shell 1 is fixedly connected to the left end and the right end of the straight cylinder 303, the first straight rod 301 rotates on the straight cylinder 303 and the straight plate 304, a cutter 302 is fixedly connected to the outer wall of the first straight rod 301, the cutter 302 is used for cutting a first raw material, a straight block 8 is fixedly connected to the top end of the straight plate 304, the straight block 8 is used for facilitating the raw material to fall, the cutter 302 is a spiral cutter, the first straight rod 301 is bilaterally symmetrical with respect to the center of the shell 1, the two first straight rods 301 drive the cutters 302 fixed to rotate in a staggered mode.
The transmission mechanism 3 comprises a first groove 201, a second straight rod 202, a threaded sleeve 203, a gear 204 and a second bearing 205, the first groove 201 is processed in a straight cylinder 303, the threaded sleeve 203 is in clearance fit with the left side and the right side of an inner cavity of the first groove 201, the second straight rod 202 is fixedly connected to the inner side of the threaded sleeve 203, the second straight rod 202 passes through the second bearing 205 and the straight cylinder 303, the second straight rod 202 and the straight cylinder 303 are fixedly connected to the inner ring and the outer ring of the second bearing 205 respectively, the second straight rod 202 is connected with an external motor, the second straight rod 202 rotates on the straight cylinder 303, the second straight rod 202 drives the threaded sleeve 203 to rotate, the gear 204 is meshed with the front end of the threaded sleeve 203, the first straight rod 301 is fixedly connected to the top end of the gear 204, the threaded sleeve 203 drives the first straight rod 301 to rotate by driving the gear 204 to rotate, and the gears 204 on the two sides synchronously.
The grinding mechanism 5 comprises a first rotating roller 501, a second rotating roller 502, a first rotating shaft 503, a second rotating shaft 504 and a grinding block 505, the first rotating roller 501 is rotatably connected with the housing 1 through the first rotating shaft 503, the second rotating roller 502 is rotatably connected with the housing 1 through the second rotating shaft 504, the first rotating shaft 503 and the second rotating shaft 504 are connected with an external driving mechanism, the external driving mechanism drives the first rotating shaft 503 and the second rotating shaft 504 to rotate towards the inner side simultaneously, the first rotating shaft 503 and the second rotating shaft 504 respectively drive the first rotating roller 501 and the second rotating roller 502 to rotate towards the inner side simultaneously, the grinding block 505 is fixedly connected with the outer wall of the first rotating roller 501 and the outer wall of the second rotating roller 502, the friction force of the grinding block 505 is increased, and the acting force for grinding raw materials is increased simultaneously.
When raw materials driving biomass need to be processed, the device is connected to a feed inlet of a gasification furnace 9 and discharged, the raw materials are put in from a feed inlet 4, then an external driving device connected with a first rotating shaft 503 and a second rotating shaft 504 is started to drive the first rotating shaft 503 and the second rotating shaft 504 to rotate towards the inner side simultaneously, a first rotating roller 501 and a second rotating roller 502 are driven to rotate towards the inner side simultaneously, the raw materials are ground and ground, a grinding block increases the grinding acting force on the raw materials, so that the raw materials are primarily crushed, an external motor connected with a second straight rod 202 is started to drive the second straight rod 202 to rotate, the second straight rod 202 drives a threaded sleeve 203 to rotate, the threaded sleeve 203 drives a gear 204 meshed and connected with the threaded sleeve to rotate to drive a first straight rod 301 to rotate, the outer walls of the first straight rods 301 at two sides are fixedly connected with spiral cutters 302, the cutters 302 at two sides are arranged in a staggered mode, so that the first straight rods 301 drive the cutters 302 to rotate, the falling raw materials are cut and crushed, the crushed raw materials originally fall on the cutters 302 along the inclined plane of the guide plate 7, the cutters 302 on the two sides are matched to cut the raw materials, the cut raw materials fall from the front side and the rear side of the straight cylinder 303 and the left gap of the shell 1, and the cut raw materials fall into the gasification furnace 9 along the feeding hole of the gasification furnace 9 for processing.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that the terms "coaxial", "bottom", "one end", "top", "middle", "other end", "upper", "one side", "top", "inner", "front", "center", "both ends", and the like, indicate orientations or positional relationships based on those shown in the drawings, and are only for convenience of description and simplicity of description, and do not indicate or imply that the referenced device or element must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and thus, are not to be construed as limiting the present invention.
In the present invention, unless otherwise expressly specified or limited, the terms "mounted," "disposed," "connected," "secured," "screwed" and the like are to be construed broadly, e.g., as meaning fixedly connected, detachably connected, or integrally formed; can be mechanically or electrically connected; the terms may be directly connected or indirectly connected through an intermediate, and may be communication between two elements or interaction relationship between two elements, unless otherwise specifically limited, and the specific meaning of the terms in the present invention will be understood by those skilled in the art according to specific situations.
Although embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made in these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the invention, the scope of which is defined in the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (6)

1. The utility model provides a biomass gasification stove with crushed aggregates function, includes shell (1), its characterized in that: the upper end rigid coupling of shell (1) has feed inlet (4), the inner chamber upper end of shell (1) is equipped with pulverizes mechanism (5), the inner chamber lower extreme rigid coupling of shell (1) has cutting mechanism (3), the top rigid coupling of cutting mechanism (3) has straight piece (8), the inner chamber of cutting mechanism (3) is equipped with drive mechanism (2), the laminating of the outside upper end of cutting mechanism (3) has sleeve (6), the outer wall rigid coupling shell (1) of sleeve (6), the top rigid coupling of sleeve (6) has deflector (7), the lower extreme rigid coupling of shell (1) has gasifier (9).
2. The biomass gasification furnace with a material crushing function according to claim 1, wherein: cutting mechanism (3) include first straight-bar (301), cutter (302), straight section of thick bamboo (303), straight board (304) and first bearing (305), first straight-bar (301) rotate with straight board (304) and straight section of thick bamboo (303) respectively through first bearing (305) and are connected, the inner circle rigid coupling of first bearing (305) has first straight-bar (301), the outer lane of first bearing (305) rigid coupling respectively has straight board (304) and straight section of thick bamboo (303), both ends rigid coupling shell (1) about straight section of thick bamboo (303), the outer wall rigid coupling of first straight-bar (301) has cutter (302), the top rigid coupling of straight board (304) has straight piece (8).
3. The biomass gasification furnace with a material crushing function according to claim 2, wherein: the cutter (302) is a spiral cutter.
4. The biomass gasification furnace with a material crushing function according to claim 2, wherein: the first straight rod (301) is bilaterally symmetrical with the center of the shell (1) as a reference.
5. The biomass gasification furnace with a material crushing function according to claim 1, wherein: drive mechanism (3) are including first recess (201), second straight-bar (202), thread bush (203), gear (204) and second bearing (205), in first recess (201) processing and straight section of thick bamboo (303), the equal clearance fit in the inner chamber left and right sides of first recess (201) has thread bush (203), the inboard rigid coupling of thread bush (203) has second straight-bar (202), second straight-bar (202) are through second bearing (205) and straight section of thick bamboo (303), the inner circle and the outer lane of second bearing (205) rigid coupling respectively have second straight-bar (202) and straight section of thick bamboo (303), the front end meshing of thread bush (203) has gear (204), the top rigid coupling of gear (204) has first straight-bar (301).
6. The biomass gasification furnace with a material crushing function according to claim 1, wherein: grinding mechanism (5) include first commentaries on classics roller (501), second commentaries on classics roller (502), first pivot (503), second pivot (504) and abrasive brick (505), first commentaries on classics roller (501) are rotated with shell (1) through first pivot (503) and are connected, second commentaries on classics roller (502) are rotated with shell (1) through second pivot (504) and are connected, the outer wall rigid coupling of first commentaries on classics roller (501) and second commentaries on classics roller (502) has abrasive brick (505).
CN201911085390.6A 2019-11-08 2019-11-08 Biomass gasification stove with crushed aggregates function Pending CN110684560A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201911085390.6A CN110684560A (en) 2019-11-08 2019-11-08 Biomass gasification stove with crushed aggregates function

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201911085390.6A CN110684560A (en) 2019-11-08 2019-11-08 Biomass gasification stove with crushed aggregates function

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN110684560A true CN110684560A (en) 2020-01-14

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201911085390.6A Pending CN110684560A (en) 2019-11-08 2019-11-08 Biomass gasification stove with crushed aggregates function

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN110684560A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110157483A (en) * 2018-03-30 2019-08-23 苏州朝霞生物科技有限公司 A kind of efficient biomass gasification stove

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110157483A (en) * 2018-03-30 2019-08-23 苏州朝霞生物科技有限公司 A kind of efficient biomass gasification stove

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