CN110681462B - Household garbage treatment device and using method thereof - Google Patents

Household garbage treatment device and using method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110681462B
CN110681462B CN201911059791.4A CN201911059791A CN110681462B CN 110681462 B CN110681462 B CN 110681462B CN 201911059791 A CN201911059791 A CN 201911059791A CN 110681462 B CN110681462 B CN 110681462B
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China
Prior art keywords
treatment chamber
belt pulley
crushing
liquid treatment
hole
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CN201911059791.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN110681462A (en
Inventor
马万连
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Ganzhou Shuxian renewable resources Co., Ltd
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Ganzhou Shuxian Renewable Resources Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201810383379.7A priority Critical patent/CN108722595B/en
Priority to CN201911059791.4A priority patent/CN110681462B/en
Publication of CN110681462A publication Critical patent/CN110681462A/en
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Publication of CN110681462B publication Critical patent/CN110681462B/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/14Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within horizontal containers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/0084Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments specially adapted for disintegrating garbage, waste or sewage
    • B02C18/0092Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments specially adapted for disintegrating garbage, waste or sewage for waste water or for garbage
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/16Details
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/08Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B03SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS OR USING PNEUMATIC TABLES OR JIGS; MAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03CMAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03C1/00Magnetic separation
    • B03C1/02Magnetic separation acting directly on the substance being separated
    • B03C1/26Magnetic separation acting directly on the substance being separated with free falling material

Abstract

The invention relates to a household garbage treatment device and a use method thereof, wherein the treatment device comprises a treatment box, the upper end of the treatment box is fixedly connected with a rotating mechanism, a partition plate is arranged in the treatment box, the upper end and the lower end of the partition plate are respectively and fixedly connected with the top surface and the bottom of the treatment box, the partition plate divides the treatment box into a liquid treatment chamber and a solid treatment chamber, the side wall of the partition plate is provided with a first through hole which is communicated with the left and the right, a transmission mechanism penetrates through the first through hole and is in transmission connection with the rotating mechanism, the top surfaces of the liquid treatment chamber and the solid treatment chamber are respectively provided with a garbage feeding hole, the top surface of the solid treatment chamber is fixedly connected with a spray head, a first crushing mechanism is arranged in the solid treatment chamber, and. Has the advantages that: the invention not only can effectively improve the functionality of the garbage treatment equipment, but also can effectively recycle the garbage, thereby improving the utilization rate of resources.

Description

Household garbage treatment device and using method thereof
The invention is a divisional application of a household garbage treatment device, wherein the application date is 2018, 26.04.No. CN 201810383379.7.
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of garbage treatment equipment, and particularly relates to a household garbage treatment device and a using method thereof.
Background
Solid waste produced by people in or for activities that provide services to daily life, and solid waste that is considered to be household waste by law, administrative law. The garbage collection and treatment system mainly comprises resident household garbage, municipal trade and commercial garbage, public place garbage, street cleaning garbage, enterprise and public institution garbage and the like.
The existing household garbage can be divided into solid garbage and liquid garbage, and the solid garbage and the liquid garbage are treated by different treatment devices respectively, so that the garbage treatment device is single in function, the solid garbage and the liquid garbage cannot be treated simultaneously, the recovery efficiency of the fixed garbage is lower during treatment, the metal piece inside the solid garbage is effectively recycled, and the resource utilization rate is lower.
Therefore, a household garbage disposal device is provided to solve the above problems.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to solve the problems and provide a multifunctional household garbage treatment device which improves the garbage recycling rate.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention adopts the following technical scheme: a household garbage treatment device comprises a treatment box, wherein the upper end of the treatment box is fixedly connected with a rotating mechanism, a partition plate is arranged in the treatment box, the upper end and the lower end of the partition plate are respectively fixedly connected with the top surface and the bottom of the treatment box, the partition plate divides the treatment box into a liquid treatment chamber and a solid treatment chamber, a first through hole which is communicated from left to right is arranged on the side wall of the partition plate, a transmission mechanism penetrates through the first through hole and is in transmission connection with the rotating mechanism, the top surfaces of the liquid treatment chamber and the solid treatment chamber are respectively provided with a garbage feeding hole, the top surface of the solid treatment chamber is fixedly connected with a spray head, a first crushing mechanism is arranged in the solid treatment chamber and is positioned below the transmission mechanism, and the two ends of the first crushing mechanism are respectively in rotating connection with the inner walls at the left end and the right end of the, the inner wall of one end of the solid treatment chamber is rotatably connected with a baffle plate, the baffle plate is positioned below the first crushing mechanism, the lower end of the baffle plate is rotatably connected with a linkage rod, the inner wall of one end of the fixed treatment chamber is provided with a sliding mechanism, the sliding mechanism is positioned below the baffle plate, the side wall of the sliding mechanism is rotatably connected with one end, away from the baffle plate, of the linkage rod, the side wall of one end of the solid treatment chamber is fixedly connected with an electromagnet, the electromagnet is arranged on the inner wall of one end, away from the sliding mechanism, of the fixed treatment chamber, the electromagnet is positioned below the baffle plate, the inner wall of the front end of the solid treatment chamber is provided with a first opening, and a first sealing door is rotatably connected in the; the liquid treatment chamber is internally provided with a second crushing mechanism, two ends of the second crushing mechanism are respectively connected with the inner walls of the left end and the right end of the liquid treatment chamber in a sliding manner, the second crushing mechanism is positioned below the transmission mechanism and is in transmission connection with the transmission mechanism, the liquid treatment chamber is internally provided with a connecting plate which is positioned below the second crushing mechanism, the side wall of the connecting plate is fixedly connected with the inner wall of the liquid treatment chamber, the lower end of the connecting plate is connected with a conduit, the inner wall of the liquid treatment chamber is provided with a second through hole which is internally and externally communicated, a control mechanism penetrates through the second through hole and is positioned below the connecting plate, the liquid treatment chamber is internally provided with a cleaning mechanism which is in transmission connection with the control mechanism, and two ends of the cleaning mechanism are respectively in rotating connection with the inner walls of the left end and the right end of the liquid treatment chamber, the cleaning mechanism is positioned below the guide pipe, a second opening is arranged on the inner wall of one end of the liquid treatment chamber, a second sealing door is connected in the second opening in a rotating mode, the second sealing door is positioned under the control mechanism, a filter plate is arranged in the liquid treatment chamber and positioned below the second opening, the side wall of the filter plate is fixedly connected with the inner wall of the liquid treatment chamber, the upper end of the filter plate is abutted against and contacted with the lower end of the cleaning mechanism, a water absorbing mechanism is arranged on the inner wall of the liquid treatment chamber and positioned below the filter plate, the water absorbing mechanism is connected with a spray head, a sludge suction pump is arranged at the bottom of the liquid treatment chamber, a sludge discharge pipe is connected onto the sludge suction pump, one end, far away from the sludge discharge pipe, of the sludge discharge pipe penetrates through the inner wall of the liquid treatment chamber and extends to the outside of the treatment tank, and a third opening is arranged on the inner wall of the front end of the liquid treatment chamber, and a glass plate is arranged in the third opening.
In foretell domestic waste processing apparatus, slewing mechanism is including setting up in the rotation motor of handling the case upper end, the drive shaft level of rotating the motor sets up, the first belt pulley of coaxial fixedly connected with in the drive shaft of rotation motor, first belt pulley is connected with the drive mechanism transmission.
In foretell domestic waste processing apparatus, drive mechanism is including the first rotation pole that runs through first through-hole setting, first rotation pole is located one of solid treatment chamber and serves coaxial fixedly connected with second belt pulley and third belt pulley, the second belt pulley is connected with first belt pulley transmission, the third belt pulley is connected with first broken mechanism transmission, first rotation pole is located one of liquid treatment chamber and serves coaxial fixedly connected with fourth belt pulley, the fourth belt pulley is connected with the transmission of second broken mechanism.
In the household garbage disposal device, the first crushing mechanism comprises a first crushing roller arranged in the solid treatment chamber, two ends of the first crushing roller are respectively and rotatably connected with the inner walls of the left end and the right end of the solid treatment chamber, the first crushing roller is fixedly connected with a plurality of first crushing knives, the first crushing roller is coaxially and fixedly connected with a fifth belt pulley, and the fifth belt pulley is in transmission connection with a third belt pulley.
In the household garbage disposal device, the second crushing mechanism comprises a second crushing roller arranged in the liquid treatment chamber, two ends of the second crushing roller are respectively connected with the inner walls of the left end and the right end of the liquid treatment chamber in a rotating manner, a plurality of second crushing knives are fixedly connected to the second crushing roller, a sixth belt pulley is coaxially and fixedly connected to the second crushing roller, and the sixth belt pulley is in transmission connection with the fourth belt pulley.
In foretell domestic waste processing apparatus, slide mechanism includes the vertical first spout that sets up on the inner wall of solid treatment room, be equipped with the third through-hole of inside and outside intercommunication on the inner wall of first spout, it is equipped with first worm to run through in the third through-hole, be equipped with first slider in the first spout, first slider is located the below of first worm, be equipped with the first screw hole of intercommunication from top to bottom on the first slider, and first screw hole female connection has first threaded rod, the both ends of first threaded rod rotate with the top surface and the bottom of first spout respectively and be connected, the first worm wheel of coaxial fixedly connected with on the first threaded rod, first worm wheel and first worm meshing, the lateral wall of first slider is kept away from the one end rotation of baffle with the trace and is connected.
In foretell domestic waste processing apparatus, clearance mechanism is including setting up the third threaded rod in the liquid treatment chamber, the both ends of third threaded rod respectively with the liquid treatment chamber about both ends inner wall rotate be connected, the screw thread has cup jointed the scraper blade on the third threaded rod, the lower extreme of scraper blade and the upper end counterbalance contact of filter, be equipped with the fifth through-hole of intercommunication about on the lateral wall of scraper blade, and run through in the fifth through-hole and be equipped with the slide bar, the both ends of slide bar rotate with the both ends inner wall about the liquid treatment chamber respectively and be connected, coaxial fixedly connected with seventh belt pulley on the third threaded rod, the seventh belt pulley sets up on the third threaded rod keeps away from one end of division board, the seventh belt pulley is connected with the control mechanism transmission.
In foretell domestic waste processing apparatus, control mechanism is including the second dwang that runs through the setting of second through-hole, the second dwang is located one of the indoor coaxial fixedly connected with eighth belt pulley of liquid treatment, eighth belt pulley and seventh belt pulley transmission are connected.
In the household garbage disposal device, the water absorption mechanism comprises a second chute vertically arranged on the inner wall of the liquid treatment chamber, a fourth through hole which is internally and externally communicated is arranged on the inner wall of the second chute, a second worm rod penetrates through the fourth through hole, a second sliding block is arranged in the second chute and is positioned below the second worm rod, a second threaded hole which is vertically communicated is arranged on the second sliding block, a second threaded rod is in threaded connection with the second threaded hole, two ends of the second threaded rod are respectively in rotating connection with the top surface and the bottom of the second chute, a second worm wheel is coaxially and fixedly connected on the second threaded rod and is meshed with the second worm rod, a horizontal rod is fixedly connected on the side wall of the second sliding block, a hanging rod is fixedly connected at the lower end of the horizontal rod, and the hanging rod is arranged at one end of the horizontal rod far away from the second chute, the lower extreme fixedly connected with suction pump of jib, the suction pump is connected with the shower nozzle.
Compared with the prior art, the domestic garbage treatment device has the advantages that: according to the invention, the first crushing mechanism is used for crushing the solid, so that the metal in the garbage can be effectively separated from the solid, and when the crushed solid garbage falls to the bottom of the solid treatment chamber, the metal contained in the crushed solid garbage can be recovered through the point magnet, so that the efficiency of recovering the metal in the garbage can be effectively improved, and the utilization rate of resources is further improved; the liquid garbage is filtered and then precipitated in the liquid treatment chamber, and the precipitated supernatant can be used as a water source for crushing the solid garbage, so that the resource utilization rate can be effectively improved by matching with the recovery of metals in the solid garbage, and the environmental protection performance of garbage treatment equipment can be further improved; the garbage disposal equipment can discharge solid garbage and can dispose liquid garbage, the functionality of the garbage disposal equipment can be effectively improved, and the application range of the garbage disposal equipment is expanded.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a domestic waste treatment apparatus according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is an external structural view of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is an enlarged view of a portion of FIG. 1 at A;
FIG. 4 is a partial enlarged view of FIG. 1 at B;
fig. 5 is a partially enlarged view of fig. 1 at C.
In the figure, 1 treatment box, 2 rotating mechanism, 3 separation plate, 4 liquid treatment chamber, 5 solid treatment chamber, 6 transmission mechanism, 7 feed inlet, 8 spray head, 9 first crushing mechanism, 11 linkage rod, 12 sliding mechanism, 13 electromagnet, 14 second crushing mechanism, 15 connecting plate, 16 guide pipe, 17 cleaning mechanism, 18 control mechanism, 19 filter plate, 20 water absorbing mechanism, 21 sludge pump, 22 sludge discharge pipe, 23 first sealing door, 24 glass plate, 25 rotating motor, 26 first belt pulley, 27 first crushing roller, 28 first crushing knife, 29 fifth belt pulley, 30 first rotating rod, 31 second belt pulley, 32 third belt pulley, 33 fourth belt pulley, 34 first chute, 35 first worm, 36 first slide block, 37 first threaded rod, 38 first worm wheel, 39 second crushing roller, 40 second crushing knife, 41 sixth belt pulley, 42 third threaded rod, 43 scraper, 43, 44 sliding rod, 45 seventh belt pulley, 46 second rotating rod, 47 eighth belt pulley, 48 second sealing door, 49 second chute, 50 second worm, 51 second sliding block, 52 second threaded rod, 53 second worm wheel, 54 horizontal rod, 55 suspension rod and 56 water pump.
Detailed Description
The following examples are for illustrative purposes only and are not intended to limit the scope of the present invention.
Examples
As shown in fig. 1-5, a household garbage disposal apparatus comprises a processing box 1, a rotating mechanism 2 is fixedly connected to the upper end of the processing box 1, a partition plate 3 is arranged in the processing box 1, the upper end and the lower end of the partition plate 3 are fixedly connected to the top surface and the bottom of the processing box 1 respectively, the processing box 1 is divided into a liquid processing chamber 4 and a solid processing chamber 5 by the partition plate 3, a first through hole which is communicated with the left and the right is arranged on the side wall of the partition plate 3, a transmission mechanism 6 penetrates through the first through hole, the transmission mechanism 6 is in transmission connection with the rotating mechanism 2, garbage feed inlets 7 are arranged on the top surfaces of the liquid processing chamber 4 and the solid processing chamber 5, a spray head 8 is fixedly connected to the top surface of the solid processing chamber 5, the spray head 8 can effectively reduce the influence of dust generated when the solid garbage is crushed on the environment, the first crushing mechanism 9 is positioned below the transmission mechanism 6, two ends of the first crushing mechanism 9 are respectively rotatably connected with the inner walls of the left end and the right end of the fixed treatment chamber 5, the inner wall of one end of the solid treatment chamber 5 is rotatably connected with a baffle plate, the baffle plate is positioned below the first crushing mechanism 9, the lower end of the baffle plate is rotatably connected with a linkage rod 11, the inner wall of one end of the fixed treatment chamber 5 is provided with a sliding mechanism 12, the sliding mechanism 12 is positioned below the baffle plate, the side wall of the sliding mechanism 12 is rotatably connected with one end of the linkage rod 11, which is far away from the baffle plate, one end of the baffle plate, which is far away from the sliding mechanism 12, is abutted against the partition plate 3, the side wall of one end of the solid treatment chamber 5 is fixedly connected with an electromagnet 13, the electromagnet 13 is arranged on the inner wall of one end of the fixed treatment chamber 5, which is far away from, the electromagnet 13 can be effectively protected from being injured by smashing when the solid garbage falls, the electromagnet 13 can effectively recover metal in the solid garbage falling from a feed opening formed between the baffle plate and the partition plate 3 when the baffle plate rotates, the working principle of the electromagnet 13 is the prior art, and no further description is given here, a first opening is formed in the inner wall of the front end of the solid treatment chamber 5, and a first sealing door 23 is rotatably connected in the first opening; a second crushing mechanism 14 is arranged in the liquid processing chamber 4, two ends of the second crushing mechanism 14 are respectively connected with the inner walls of the left end and the right end of the liquid processing chamber 4 in a sliding manner, the second crushing mechanism 14 is positioned below the transmission mechanism 6, the second crushing mechanism 14 is connected with the transmission mechanism 6 in a transmission manner, a connecting plate 15 is arranged in the liquid processing chamber 4, the connecting plate 15 is positioned below the second crushing mechanism 14, the side wall of the connecting plate 15 is fixedly connected with the inner wall of the liquid processing chamber 4, the lower end of the connecting plate 15 is connected with a conduit 16, an automatic control valve is arranged on the conduit 16, a second through hole which is communicated with the inside and the outside is arranged on the inner wall of the liquid processing chamber 4, a control mechanism 18 penetrates through the second through hole, the control mechanism 18 is arranged on the inner wall of one end of the liquid processing chamber 4 far away from the partition plate 3, the cleaning mechanism 17 is connected with the control mechanism 18 in a transmission way, two ends of the cleaning mechanism 17 are respectively connected with the inner walls of the left end and the right end of the liquid treatment chamber 4 in a rotating way, the cleaning mechanism 17 is positioned below the guide pipe 16, the inner wall of one end of the liquid treatment chamber 4 is provided with a second opening, a second sealing door 48 is connected in the second opening in a rotating way, the second sealing door 48 is positioned under the control mechanism 18, a filter plate 19 is arranged in the liquid treatment chamber 4, the filter plate 19 is positioned below the second opening, the side wall of the filter plate 19 is fixedly connected with the inner wall of the liquid treatment chamber 4, the upper end of the filter plate 19 is contacted with the lower end of the cleaning mechanism 17 in a propping way, the inner wall of the liquid treatment chamber 4 is provided with a water absorbing mechanism 20, the water absorbing mechanism 20 is positioned below the filter plate 19, the water absorbing mechanism 20 is connected with the spray head 8, the bottom of the liquid treatment chamber 4 is provided, the dredge pump 21 is prior art, and no description is given here, one end of the dredge pipe 22 far away from the dredge pump 21 passes through the inner wall of the liquid treatment chamber 4 and extends to the outside of the treatment tank 1, a third opening is arranged on the inner wall of the front end of the liquid treatment chamber 4, and a glass plate 24 is arranged in the third opening.
Wherein, slewing mechanism 2 is including setting up in the rotation motor 25 of handling case 1 upper end, and the drive shaft level of rotation motor 25 sets up, and the coaxial fixedly connected with first belt pulley 26 in the drive shaft of rotation motor 25, first belt pulley 26 and drive mechanism 6 transmission are connected.
More specifically, the transmission mechanism 6 includes a first rotating rod 30 penetrating through the first through hole, one end of the first rotating rod 30 located in the solid treatment chamber 5 is coaxially and fixedly connected with a second belt pulley 31 and a third belt pulley 32, the second belt pulley 31 is in transmission connection with the first belt pulley 26 through a first belt, the third belt pulley 32 is in transmission connection with the first crushing mechanism 9, one end of the first rotating rod 30 located in the liquid treatment chamber 4 is coaxially and fixedly connected with a fourth belt pulley 33, and the fourth belt pulley 33 is in transmission connection with the second crushing mechanism 14.
Wherein, first crushing mechanism 9 is including setting up the first crushing roller 27 in solid processing chamber 5, and the both ends of first crushing roller 27 are connected with solid processing chamber 5's the both ends inner wall rotation about respectively, and a plurality of first broken sword 28 of fixedly connected with on the first crushing roller 27, coaxial fixedly connected with fifth belt pulley 29 on the first crushing roller 27, and fifth belt pulley 29 passes through the second belt and is connected with the transmission of third belt pulley 32, and first crushing mechanism 9 can carry out effectual breakage to the fixed rubbish of baffle top.
Wherein, the second crushing mechanism 14 is including setting up the second crushing roller 39 in liquid treatment chamber 4, the both ends of second crushing roller 39 respectively with liquid treatment chamber 4 about both ends inner wall rotate to be connected, a plurality of second crushing sword 40 of fixedly connected with on the second crushing roller 39, coaxial fixedly connected with sixth belt pulley 41 on the second crushing roller 39, sixth belt pulley 41 passes through the third belt and is connected with the transmission of fifth belt pulley 29, second crushing mechanism 14 can be broken the bulky impurity in the liquid rubbish, be convenient for take out in the second opening, second crushing mechanism 14 can carry out effectual breakage to the bulky impurity in the liquid rubbish of the storage above connecting plate 15.
The sliding mechanism 12 comprises a first sliding groove 34 vertically arranged on the inner wall of the solid processing chamber 5, a third through hole communicated with the inside and the outside is formed in the inner wall of the first sliding groove 34, a first worm 35 penetrates through the third through hole, a first sliding block 36 is arranged in the first sliding groove 34, the first sliding block 36 is located below the first worm 35, a first threaded hole communicated with the top and the bottom is formed in the first sliding block 36, a first threaded rod 37 is connected with the first threaded hole in an internal thread mode, two ends of the first threaded rod 37 are respectively connected with the top surface and the bottom of the first sliding groove 34 in a rotating mode, a first worm wheel 38 is fixedly connected to the first threaded rod 37 in a coaxial mode, the first worm wheel 38 is meshed with the first worm 35, and the side wall of the first sliding block 36 is connected with the end, far.
Wherein, the cleaning mechanism 17 comprises a third threaded rod 42 arranged in the liquid treatment chamber 4, two ends of the third threaded rod 42 are respectively connected with the inner walls of the left and right ends of the liquid treatment chamber 4 in a rotating manner, a scraper 43 is sleeved on the third threaded rod 42 in a threaded manner, the lower end of the scraper 43 is in contact with the upper end of the filter plate 19 in an abutting manner, a fifth through hole which is communicated with the left and right sides is arranged on the side wall of the scraper 3, a slide rod 44 is arranged in the fifth through hole in a penetrating manner, two ends of the slide rod 44 are respectively connected with the inner walls of the left and right ends of the liquid treatment chamber 4 in a rotating manner, the slide rod 44 can effectively limit the scraper 43 so that the scraper can only move horizontally and cannot rotate, the scraper 43 can push the garbage to a second sealing door 48 from the direction of the partition plate 3, so that the filtering impurity in the liquid garbage can be effectively separated from the fixed garbage, the garbage can be prevented from, the seventh belt pulley 45 is arranged on one end of the third threaded rod 42 far away from the partition plate 3, and the seventh belt pulley 45 is in transmission connection with the control mechanism 18.
More specifically, the control mechanism 18 includes a second rotating rod 46 disposed through the second through hole, an eighth belt pulley 47 is coaxially and fixedly connected to an end of the second rotating rod 46 located in the liquid treatment chamber 4, and the eighth belt pulley 47 is in transmission connection with the seventh belt pulley 45 through a fourth belt.
Wherein, the water absorption mechanism 20 comprises a second chute 49 vertically arranged on the inner wall of the liquid treatment chamber 4, a fourth through hole communicated with the inside and the outside is arranged on the inner wall of the second chute 49, a second worm 50 penetrates through the fourth through hole, a sealing ring is arranged at the joint of the second worm 50 and the treatment box 1, a second sliding block 51 is arranged in the second chute 49, the second sliding block 51 is positioned below the second worm 50, a second threaded hole communicated with the upper and the lower is arranged on the second sliding block 51, a second threaded rod 52 is connected with the second threaded hole in a threaded manner, two ends of the second threaded rod 52 are respectively rotatably connected with the top surface and the bottom of the second chute 49, a second worm wheel 53 is coaxially and fixedly connected on the second threaded rod 52, the second worm wheel 53 is meshed with the second worm 50, a horizontal rod 54 is fixedly connected on the side wall of the second sliding block 51, a suspender 55 is fixedly connected at the lower end of the horizontal rod 54, the suspender 55 is arranged at, the lower end of the suspender 55 is fixedly connected with a water pump 56, the water pump 56 is connected with the spray head 8, the specific structure of the rotary connection and the specific structure of the connection of the water pump 56 and the spray head 8 and the rotary motor 25 are the prior art, and the details are not described herein.
The invention drives the first rotating rod 30 to rotate by the work of the rotating motor 25, the first crushing roller 27 is driven to rotate by the transmission connection of the third belt pulley 32 and the fifth belt pulley 29, the second crushing roller 39 is driven to rotate by the transmission connection of the sixth belt pulley 41 and the fourth belt pulley 33, the solid garbage passes through the solid treatment chamber 5 and can be effectively crushed by the rotation of the first crushing cutter 28, the crushed solid garbage rotates the first worm 35 to drive the first slide block 36 to slide, then the baffle plate driven by the linkage rod 11 rotates, the crushed garbage is convenient to unload, the metal in the garbage can be recovered by the electromagnet 13, the liquid garbage is crushed by the second crushing mechanism 14 and filtered by the filter plate 19, the liquid is deposited at the bottom of the liquid treatment chamber 4, and the third screw rod 42 can be driven to rotate by the rotation of the second rotating rod 46, make scraper blade 43 remove, can promote the rubbish on the filter 19, can drive second slider 51 through rotating second worm 50 and slide, can adjust the height of suction pump 56, be convenient for suck the supernatant after the sediment of high difference.
Although the treatment tank 1, the rotating mechanism 2, the partition plate 3, the liquid treatment chamber 4, the solid treatment chamber 5, the transmission mechanism 6, the feed inlet 7, the spray head 8, the first crushing mechanism 9, the baffle plate, the linkage 11, the sliding mechanism 12, the electromagnet 13, the second crushing mechanism 14, the connecting plate 15, the guide pipe 16, the cleaning mechanism 17, the control mechanism 18, the filter plate 19, the water suction mechanism 20, the sludge suction pump 21, the sludge discharge pipe 22, the first sealing door 23, the glass plate 24, the rotating motor 25, the first belt pulley 26, the first crushing roller 27, the first crushing blade 28, the fifth belt pulley 29, the first rotating rod 30, the second belt pulley 31, the third belt pulley 32, the fourth belt pulley 33, the first chute 34, the first worm 35, the first slider 36, the first threaded rod 37, the first worm gear 38, the second crushing roller 39, the second crushing blade 40, the sixth belt pulley 41, the fourth belt pulley 33, the first chute 34, the second chute 35, the second worm 35, third threaded rod 42, scraper 43, telescopic rod 44, seventh pulley 45, second rotating rod 46, eighth pulley 47, second sealing door 48, second runner 49, second worm 50, second slider 51, second threaded rod 52, second worm wheel 53, horizontal rod 54, boom 55, and suction pump 56, but the use of other terms is not excluded. These terms are used merely to more conveniently describe and explain the nature of the present invention; they are to be construed as being without limitation to any additional limitations that may be imposed by the spirit of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. The utility model provides a domestic waste treatment device, includes handles case (1), its characterized in that, the upper end fixedly connected with slewing mechanism (2) of handling case (1), be equipped with division board (3) in handling case (1), the upper end and the lower extreme of division board (3) respectively with the top surface and the bottom fixed connection who handle case (1), division board (3) will be handled case (1) and separate into liquid treatment room (4) and solid processing room (5), be equipped with the first through-hole of left and right sides intercommunication on the lateral wall of division board (3), and run through in the first through-hole and be equipped with drive mechanism (6), drive mechanism (6) are connected with slewing mechanism (2) transmission, the top surface of liquid treatment room (4) and solid processing room (5) all is equipped with rubbish feed inlet (7), the top surface fixedly connected with shower nozzle (8) of solid processing room (5), the solid treatment chamber (5) is internally provided with a first crushing mechanism (9), the first crushing mechanism (9) is positioned below the transmission mechanism (6), two ends of the first crushing mechanism (9) are respectively rotatably connected with the inner walls of the left end and the right end of the fixed treatment chamber (5), the inner wall of one end of the solid treatment chamber (5) is rotatably connected with a baffle plate, the baffle plate is positioned below the first crushing mechanism (9), the lower end of the baffle plate is rotatably connected with a linkage rod (11), the inner wall of one end of the fixed treatment chamber (5) is provided with a sliding mechanism (12), the sliding mechanism (12) is positioned below the baffle plate, the side wall of the sliding mechanism (12) is rotatably connected with one end, far away from the baffle plate, of the linkage rod (11), the side wall of one end of the solid treatment chamber (5) is fixedly connected with an electromagnet (13), the electromagnet (13) is arranged on the inner wall of one end, far away from the sliding mechanism (12), of the fixed treatment chamber, the electromagnet (13) is positioned below the baffle, a first opening is formed in the inner wall of the front end of the solid treatment chamber (5), and a first sealing door (23) is rotatably connected in the first opening; the liquid treatment device is characterized in that a second crushing mechanism (14) is arranged in the liquid treatment chamber (4), two ends of the second crushing mechanism (14) are respectively connected with the inner walls of the left end and the right end of the liquid treatment chamber (4) in a sliding manner, the second crushing mechanism (14) is positioned below the transmission mechanism (6), the second crushing mechanism (14) is in transmission connection with the transmission mechanism (6), a connecting plate (15) is arranged in the liquid treatment chamber (4), the connecting plate (15) is positioned below the second crushing mechanism (14), the side wall of the connecting plate (15) is fixedly connected with the inner wall of the liquid treatment chamber (4), the lower end of the connecting plate (15) is connected with a guide pipe (16), a second through hole which is communicated with the inside and the outside is formed in the inner wall of the liquid treatment chamber (4), a control mechanism (18) penetrates through the second through hole, and the control mechanism (18) is positioned below the connecting plate (15), the cleaning device is characterized in that a cleaning mechanism (17) is arranged in the liquid treatment chamber (4), the cleaning mechanism (17) is in transmission connection with a control mechanism (18), two ends of the cleaning mechanism (17) are respectively in rotation connection with the inner walls of the left end and the right end of the liquid treatment chamber (4), the cleaning mechanism (17) is positioned below the guide pipe (16), a second opening is arranged on the inner wall of one end of the liquid treatment chamber (4), a second sealing door (48) is connected in the second opening in a rotating manner, the second sealing door (48) is positioned under the control mechanism (18), a filter plate (19) is arranged in the liquid treatment chamber (4), the filter plate (19) is positioned under the second opening, the side wall of the filter plate (19) is fixedly connected with the inner wall of the liquid treatment chamber (4), the upper end of the filter plate (19) is abutted against the lower end of the cleaning mechanism (17), a water absorption mechanism (20) is arranged on the inner wall of the liquid treatment chamber (4), the water absorption mechanism (20) is positioned below the filter plate (19), the water absorption mechanism (20) is connected with the spray head (8), a sludge suction pump (21) is arranged at the bottom of the liquid treatment chamber (4), a sludge discharge pipe (22) is connected onto the sludge suction pump (21), one end, far away from the sludge suction pump (21), of the sludge discharge pipe (22) penetrates through the inner wall of the liquid treatment chamber (4) and extends to the outside of the treatment box (1), a third opening is formed in the inner wall of the front end of the liquid treatment chamber (4), and a glass plate (24) is arranged in the third opening; the rotating mechanism (2) comprises a rotating motor (25) arranged at the upper end of the treatment box (1), a driving shaft of the rotating motor (25) is horizontally arranged, a first belt pulley (26) is coaxially and fixedly connected to the driving shaft of the rotating motor (25), and the first belt pulley (26) is in transmission connection with the transmission mechanism (6); the sliding mechanism (12) comprises a first sliding chute (34) which is vertically arranged on the inner wall of the solid processing chamber (5), a third through hole which is communicated with the inside and the outside is arranged on the inner wall of the first chute (34), a first worm (35) is arranged in the third through hole in a penetrating way, a first sliding block (36) is arranged in the first sliding groove (34), the first sliding block (36) is positioned below the first worm (35), a first threaded hole which is communicated up and down is formed in the first sliding block (36), and the first threaded hole is connected with a first threaded rod (37) in a threaded manner, two ends of the first threaded rod (37) are respectively and rotatably connected with the top surface and the bottom of the first sliding chute (34), a first worm wheel (38) is coaxially and fixedly connected to the first threaded rod (37), the first worm wheel (38) is meshed with the first worm (35), and the side wall of the first sliding block (36) is rotatably connected with one end, far away from the baffle, of the linkage rod (11);
the transmission mechanism (6) comprises a first rotating rod (30) penetrating through a first through hole, one end, located in the solid treatment chamber (5), of the first rotating rod (30) is coaxially and fixedly connected with a second belt pulley (31) and a third belt pulley (32), the second belt pulley (31) is in transmission connection with a first belt pulley (26), the third belt pulley (32) is in transmission connection with a first crushing mechanism (9), one end, located in the liquid treatment chamber (4), of the first rotating rod (30) is coaxially and fixedly connected with a fourth belt pulley (33), and the fourth belt pulley (33) is in transmission connection with a second crushing mechanism (14);
the first crushing mechanism (9) comprises a first crushing roller (27) arranged in the solid processing chamber (5), two ends of the first crushing roller (27) are respectively and rotationally connected with the inner walls of the left end and the right end of the solid processing chamber (5), a plurality of first crushing knives (28) are fixedly connected onto the first crushing roller (27), a fifth belt pulley (29) is coaxially and fixedly connected onto the first crushing roller (27), and the fifth belt pulley (29) is in transmission connection with a third belt pulley (32);
the second crushing mechanism (14) comprises a second crushing roller (39) arranged in the liquid treatment chamber (4), two ends of the second crushing roller (39) are respectively connected with the inner walls of the left end and the right end of the liquid treatment chamber (4) in a rotating mode, a plurality of second crushing cutters (40) are fixedly connected onto the second crushing roller (39), a sixth belt pulley (41) is coaxially and fixedly connected onto the second crushing roller (39), and the sixth belt pulley (41) is in transmission connection with a fourth belt pulley (33).
2. The household garbage disposal device according to claim 1, wherein the cleaning mechanism (17) comprises a third threaded rod (42) disposed in the liquid treatment chamber (4), both ends of the third threaded rod (42) are rotatably connected with the inner walls of the left and right ends of the liquid treatment chamber (4), a scraper (43) is sleeved on the third threaded rod (42) in a threaded manner, the lower end of the scraper (43) is in contact with the upper end of the filter plate (19), a fifth through hole communicated with the left and right sides is disposed on the side wall of the scraper (43), a slide rod (44) is disposed in the fifth through hole in a penetrating manner, both ends of the slide rod (44) are rotatably connected with the inner walls of the left and right ends of the liquid treatment chamber (4), a seventh belt pulley (45) is coaxially and fixedly connected to the third threaded rod (42), and the seventh belt pulley (45) is disposed at one end of the third threaded rod (42) far from the partition plate (3), the seventh belt pulley (45) is in transmission connection with the control mechanism (18).
3. The domestic waste treatment device according to claim 2, wherein the control mechanism (18) comprises a second rotation rod (46) disposed through the second through hole, wherein an eighth belt pulley (47) is coaxially and fixedly connected to one end of the second rotation rod (46) located in the liquid treatment chamber (4), and the eighth belt pulley (47) is in transmission connection with the seventh belt pulley (45).
4. The household garbage treatment device according to claim 2, wherein the water absorption mechanism (20) comprises a second chute (49) vertically arranged on the inner wall of the liquid treatment chamber (4), the inner wall of the second chute (49) is provided with a fourth through hole which is internally and externally communicated, a second worm (50) penetrates through the fourth through hole, a second sliding block (51) is arranged in the second chute (49), the second sliding block (51) is positioned below the second worm (50), the second sliding block (51) is provided with a second threaded hole which is vertically communicated, the second threaded hole is internally threaded with a second threaded rod (52), two ends of the second threaded rod (52) are respectively and rotatably connected with the top surface and the bottom of the second chute (49), a second worm wheel (53) is coaxially and fixedly connected to the second threaded rod (52), and the second worm wheel (53) is meshed with the second worm (50), fixedly connected with horizon bar (54) on the lateral wall of second slider (51), the lower extreme fixedly connected with jib (55) of horizon bar (54), jib (55) set up and serve in one of second spout (49) is kept away from in horizon bar (54), the lower extreme fixedly connected with suction pump (56) of jib (55), suction pump (56) are connected with shower nozzle (8).
5. A method for using the domestic waste treatment apparatus according to any one of claims 1-4, wherein: the first rotating rod (30) is driven to rotate by the work of the rotating motor (25), the third belt pulley (32) is in transmission connection with the fifth belt pulley (29) to drive the first crushing roller (27) to rotate, the sixth belt pulley (41) is in transmission connection with the fourth belt pulley (33) to drive the second crushing roller (39) to rotate, the solid garbage passes through the solid treatment chamber (5), the solid garbage can be effectively crushed by the rotation of the first crushing cutter (28), the first worm (35) is rotated to drive the first sliding block (36) to slide after being crushed, then the baffle driven by the linkage rod (11) rotates to facilitate the discharge of the crushed garbage, the metal in the garbage can be recovered by the electromagnet (13), the liquid garbage is crushed by the second crushing mechanism (14) and then filtered by the filter plate (19), and the liquid is precipitated at the bottom of the liquid treatment chamber (4), rotate second dwang (46) and can drive third threaded rod (42) and rotate for scraper blade (43) remove, can promote rubbish on filter (19), can drive second slider (51) through rotating second worm (50) and slide, can adjust the height of suction pump (56), are convenient for carry out the suction to the supernatant after the deposit of high difference.
CN201911059791.4A 2018-04-26 2018-04-26 Household garbage treatment device and using method thereof Active CN110681462B (en)

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