CN110664565A - Pressure sore prevention alarm device - Google Patents

Pressure sore prevention alarm device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110664565A
CN110664565A CN201910907440.8A CN201910907440A CN110664565A CN 110664565 A CN110664565 A CN 110664565A CN 201910907440 A CN201910907440 A CN 201910907440A CN 110664565 A CN110664565 A CN 110664565A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
plate
fixing plate
alarm device
fixedly mounted
lifting
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201910907440.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
蒋红英
杨杰
兰正燕
向小娜
何红晨
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West China Hospital of Sichuan University
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West China Hospital of Sichuan University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by West China Hospital of Sichuan University filed Critical West China Hospital of Sichuan University
Priority to CN201910907440.8A priority Critical patent/CN110664565A/en
Publication of CN110664565A publication Critical patent/CN110664565A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • A61G7/05Parts, details or accessories of beds
    • A61G7/057Arrangements for preventing bed-sores or for supporting patients with burns, e.g. mattresses specially adapted therefor
    • A61G7/0573Arrangements for preventing bed-sores or for supporting patients with burns, e.g. mattresses specially adapted therefor with mattress frames having alternately movable parts
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • A61G7/002Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons having adjustable mattress frame
    • A61G7/015Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons having adjustable mattress frame divided into different adjustable sections, e.g. for Gatch position
    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08BSIGNALLING OR CALLING SYSTEMS; ORDER TELEGRAPHS; ALARM SYSTEMS
    • G08B21/00Alarms responsive to a single specified undesired or abnormal condition and not otherwise provided for
    • G08B21/18Status alarms
    • G08B21/24Reminder alarms, e.g. anti-loss alarms

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  • Health & Medical Sciences (AREA)
  • Nursing (AREA)
  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Animal Behavior & Ethology (AREA)
  • General Health & Medical Sciences (AREA)
  • Public Health (AREA)
  • Veterinary Medicine (AREA)
  • Business, Economics & Management (AREA)
  • Emergency Management (AREA)
  • Physics & Mathematics (AREA)
  • General Physics & Mathematics (AREA)
  • Invalid Beds And Related Equipment (AREA)

Abstract

The invention provides a pressure sore prevention alarm device. Pressure sore prevention alarm device includes: a first support plate and a second support plate; the two sides of the second fixing plate are respectively fixedly connected with the first supporting plate and the second supporting plate; the second fixing plate is arranged below the first fixing plate, and two sides of the second fixing plate are fixedly connected with the first supporting plate and the second supporting plate respectively; the two lifting mechanisms are arranged on the second fixing plate; and the control assembly is arranged on the second fixing plate. The pressure sore prevention alarm device provided by the invention greatly prolongs the turnover time, reduces the labor intensity of nursing personnel, and simultaneously shortens the time for dredging channels and collaterals of buttocks and shoulders of a patient, so that the blood of the buttocks and the shoulders can be circulated in time, and the probability of bedsore of the buttocks, the crotch and the shoulders is reduced.

Description

Pressure sore prevention alarm device
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of medical instruments, in particular to a pressure sore prevention and alarm device.
Background
The pressure sores are also called bedsores, and the pressure sores generally occur due to pressure factors: the pressure of local skin and capillary vessels is caused by vertical pressure, friction force, shearing force and the like, the blood circulation is obstructed, and pressure sores are generated after the skin and the capillary vessels are soaked by substances such as sweat, urine, excrement and the like; the nutritional status: general nutritional deficiency, muscle atrophy and lack of protection of pressed parts, such as long-term fever, cachexia and the like, generate pressure sores; the skin resistance is reduced: the skin is often subjected to physical stimulation such as moisture, friction and the like, so that the resistance of the skin is reduced, and pressure sores are easily formed.
Pressure sores are frequently generated on patients after operation and on paralyzed persons and long-term bedridden persons, data of a large number of clinical patients are analyzed, the pressure sores are generally generated on the buttocks, the two sides of the hip and the back shoulders of a human body frequently, the pressure sores on the rest parts are less, the movement of the rest parts is also convenient slightly, once the pressure sores are formed, muscle necrosis, ulceration and the like can be caused, serious patients can die, generally when the patients are nursed in the later period, the patients lie on an air cushion bed, the extrusion force of the bed plate to the patients is reduced, medicine is regularly extruded, generally, nursing personnel need to turn over the patients every two hours, the work of the nursing personnel is slightly large, the operation is too frequent, and the patients can feel uncomfortable after turning over for two hours.
Therefore, it is necessary to provide a pressure sore prevention alarm device to solve the above technical problems.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention solves the technical problem of providing a pressure sore prevention alarm device which greatly prolongs the turnover time, reduces the labor intensity of nursing personnel, and simultaneously shortens the time of dredging channels and collaterals of the buttocks and the shoulders of a patient, so that the blood of the buttocks and the shoulders can be circulated in time, and the probability of bedsore of the buttocks, the crotch and the shoulders is reduced.
In order to solve the technical problem, the pressure sore prevention alarm device provided by the invention comprises: a first support plate and a second support plate; the two sides of the second fixing plate are respectively fixedly connected with the first supporting plate and the second supporting plate; the second fixing plate is arranged below the first fixing plate, and two sides of the second fixing plate are fixedly connected with the first supporting plate and the second supporting plate respectively; the two lifting mechanisms are arranged on the second fixing plate; and the control assembly is arranged on the second fixing plate.
Preferably, the lifting mechanism comprises a lifting plate, a screw rod, a motor, a first gear, a threaded sleeve and a second gear, the motor is fixedly mounted at the top of the second fixing plate, the first gear is fixedly mounted on an output shaft of the motor, the threaded sleeve is rotatably mounted on the second fixing plate, the second gear is fixedly mounted on the threaded sleeve, the screw rod is threadedly mounted in the threaded sleeve, and the lifting plate is fixedly mounted at the top of the screw rod.
Preferably, the first fixing plate is provided with two rectangular through holes, and the rectangular through holes are matched with the lifting plate.
Preferably, the first fixed plate and the two lifting plates are respectively and fixedly provided with a first cushion and a second cushion, and the first cushion and the second cushion are both colloid cushions.
Preferably, the top fixed mounting of second fixed plate has four installation pieces, four the cavity has all been seted up on the installation piece, four equal slidable mounting has the slider in the cavity, four the equal fixed mounting in top of slider has the slide bar, four the top of slide bar all extends to outside the cavity and with corresponding lifter plate fixed connection.
Preferably, the control assembly mounting box, the mounting box fixed mounting be in on the second fixed plate, fixed mounting has the PCB board in the mounting box, be equipped with power module, MCU treater, clock module, display module, alarm module and PLC on the PCB board.
Preferably, a display screen is arranged on the first supporting plate and electrically connected with the display module through a wire.
Preferably, the alarm module is a sound and light alarm module.
Compared with the related art, the pressure sore prevention alarm device provided by the invention has the following beneficial effects:
the invention provides a pressure sore prevention alarm device, which greatly prolongs the turnover time, reduces the labor intensity of nursing personnel, and simultaneously shortens the time of dredging channels and collaterals of buttocks and shoulders of a patient, so that the blood of the buttocks and the shoulders can be circulated in time, and the probability of bedsore of the buttocks, the crotch and the shoulders is reduced.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a front cross-sectional structural schematic view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a side cross-sectional structural view of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic top view of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a functional block diagram of a control assembly of the present invention.
Reference numbers in the figures: 1. the device comprises a first supporting plate, a second supporting plate, a first fixing plate, a second supporting plate, a lifting plate, a screw rod, a second fixing plate, a motor, a first gear, a screw sleeve, a threaded sleeve, a second gear, a motor, a first cushion, a second cushion, a mounting block, a sliding rod and a screw rod, wherein the first supporting plate, the second supporting plate, the first fixing plate, the lifting plate, the screw rod, the second fixing plate, the motor, the first gear, the threaded sleeve, the second.
Detailed Description
The invention is further described with reference to the following figures and embodiments.
Referring to fig. 1-4 in combination, in the present invention, the pressure sore prevention alarm device includes: a first support plate 1 and a second support plate 2; the two sides of the second fixing plate 3 are respectively fixedly connected with the first supporting plate 1 and the second supporting plate 2; the second fixing plate 6 is arranged below the first fixing plate 3, and two sides of the second fixing plate 6 are fixedly connected with the first supporting plate 1 and the second supporting plate 2 respectively; the two lifting mechanisms are arranged on the second fixing plate 6; and the control assembly is arranged on the second fixing plate 6.
The lifting mechanism comprises a lifting plate 4, a screw rod 5, a motor 7, a first gear 8, a threaded sleeve 9 and a second gear 10, the motor 7 is fixedly installed at the top of a second fixing plate 6, the first gear 8 is fixedly installed on an output shaft of the motor 7, the threaded sleeve 9 is rotatably installed on the second fixing plate 6, the second gear 10 is fixedly installed on the threaded sleeve 9, the screw rod 5 is installed in the threaded sleeve 9 in a threaded manner, and the lifting plate 4 is fixedly installed at the top of the screw rod 5.
Two rectangular through holes are formed in the first fixing plate 3, and the rectangular through holes are matched with the lifting plate 4.
The first fixed plate 3 and two there are first cushion 11 and second cushion 12 respectively fixed mounting on the lifter plate 4, first cushion 11 with second cushion 12 is the colloid pad.
The top fixed mounting of second fixed plate 6 has four installation pieces 13, four the cavity has all been seted up on installation piece 13, four equal slidable mounting has slider 14, four in the cavity the equal fixed mounting in top of slider 14 has slide bar 15, four the top of slide bar 15 all extends to outside the cavity and with corresponding lifter plate 4 fixed connection.
The control assembly mounting box, the mounting box fixed mounting be in on the second fixed plate 6, fixed mounting has the PCB board in the mounting box, be equipped with power module, MCU treater, clock module, display module, alarm module and PLC on the PCB board.
The display screen is arranged on the first supporting plate 1 and electrically connected with the display module through a wire.
The alarm module is a sound and light alarm module.
The working principle of the pressure sore prevention alarm device provided by the invention is as follows:
the device is provided with related keys such as a switch button and the like, a power supply module, an MCU processor, a clock module, a display module, an alarm module and a PLC are electrically connected in sequence, the PLC is electrically connected with two motors 7 in sequence through a lead, an audible-visual annunciator is arranged in a nurse duty room and is connected with the alarm module through a lead, when a patient after operation or some paralyzed patients lie on a first cushion 11 and a second cushion 12 of the device, the first cushion 11 and the second cushion 12 can play a certain buffering role on the patient and relieve the oppression feeling of a bed board on the patient, the clock module can be arranged through the related keys, the clock module can be provided with the lifting time and the lifting interval time of two lifting mechanisms, the two lifting mechanisms respectively support the hip and the shoulder of the patient, the lifting interval of the hip can be set to 1.5 hours, the lifting interval of the shoulder is set to 1.8 hours, the time intervals are controlled within 2 hours, when the hip lifting mechanism arrives, the clock module transmits signals to the MCU processor, the MCU processor processes data and transmits the signals to the PLC, the PLC transmits starting signals to the motor 7, at the moment, the motor 7 is started under the control of commercial power and the PLC, the motor 7 is started to drive the first gear 8 to rotate, the first gear 8 rotates to drive the second gear 10 to rotate, the second gear 10 rotates to drive the threaded sleeve 9 to rotate, the threaded sleeve 9 rotates to enable the screw rod 5 to move downwards, the screw rod 5 moves downwards to drive the lifting plate 4 to move downwards, the lifting plate 4 moves downwards to drive the second cushion 12 to move downwards until the threaded sleeve 9 is in contact with the lifting plate 4, the PLC transmits stopping signals to the motor 7, at the moment, the motor 7 stops rotating, the stopping time is set to be 10 minutes, after ten minutes, the motor 7 is started again to enable the second cushion 12 to return to the initial position, at the moment, the motor 7 is controlled by the PLC to stop rotating again, and is started again after 1.5 hours, and the corresponding sliding rod 15 is driven to descend or ascend in the descending and ascending processes of the lifting plate 4, so that the corresponding sliding block 14 is driven to descend and ascend in the cavity of the mounting block 13, and the lifting plate 4 cannot rotate in the up-and-down moving process through the matching of the mounting block 13, the sliding block 14 and the sliding rod 15;
when the time reaches the shoulder lifting mechanism, the control mode of the shoulder lifting mechanism is the same as that of the hip lifting mechanism, but the started motor 7 and other parts are different from the hip lifting mechanism, and the working modes of the shoulder lifting mechanism and the hip lifting mechanism are completely the same;
the lifting interval time of the hip lifting mechanism and the shoulder lifting mechanism can also be set to be the same, namely the two lifting mechanisms are started at the same time and stopped at the same time;
setting the alarm time of the alarm module between 2 hours and 4 hours, and starting an audible and visual alarm in a nurse office after the alarm time is reached to remind a nurse to turn over the patient properly and move the limbs of the patient, so that bedsores of the limbs are avoided;
the power supply module is mainly used for providing energy for the operation of each module and mainly realizes a battery;
the MCU processor mainly plays a role in control and operation and is mainly realized by a 51 single chip microcomputer;
the clock module is mainly used for setting time and transmitting a time signal to the MCU processor;
and the display module is mainly used for displaying time and setting steps, and the display screen is an LED display screen.
Compared with the related art, the pressure sore prevention alarm device provided by the invention has the following beneficial effects:
the device greatly prolongs the turnover time, reduces the labor intensity of nursing personnel, and simultaneously shortens the time for dredging the channels and collaterals of the buttocks and the shoulders of a patient, so that the blood of the buttocks and the shoulders can be circulated in time, and the probability of bedsore occurrence of the buttocks, the crotch and the shoulders is reduced.
The above description is only an embodiment of the present invention, and not intended to limit the scope of the present invention, and all modifications of equivalent structures and equivalent processes, which are made by using the contents of the present specification and the accompanying drawings, or directly or indirectly applied to other related technical fields, are included in the scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. A pressure sore prevention warning device, comprising:
a first support plate and a second support plate;
the two sides of the second fixing plate are respectively fixedly connected with the first supporting plate and the second supporting plate;
the second fixing plate is arranged below the first fixing plate, and two sides of the second fixing plate are fixedly connected with the first supporting plate and the second supporting plate respectively;
the two lifting mechanisms are arranged on the second fixing plate;
and the control assembly is arranged on the second fixing plate.
2. A pressure wound prevention alarm device according to claim 1 wherein said lifting mechanism comprises a lifting plate, a lead screw, a motor, a first gear, a threaded sleeve and a second gear, said motor being fixedly mounted on top of said second fixed plate, said first gear being fixedly mounted on an output shaft of said motor, said threaded sleeve being rotatably mounted on said second fixed plate, said second gear being fixedly mounted on said threaded sleeve, said lead screw being threadedly mounted within said threaded sleeve, said lifting plate being fixedly mounted on top of said lead screw.
3. The pressure sore prevention and alarm device as claimed in claim 2, wherein the first fixing plate is provided with two rectangular through holes, and the rectangular through holes are matched with the lifting plate.
4. A pressure sore prevention alarm device as claimed in claim 2 wherein a first cushion and a second cushion are fixedly mounted to the first fixing plate and the two lifting plates respectively, the first cushion and the second cushion being both gel cushions.
5. The pressure sore prevention and alarm device according to claim 2, wherein four mounting blocks are fixedly mounted at the top of the second fixing plate, a cavity is formed in each of the four mounting blocks, a sliding block is slidably mounted in each of the four cavities, a sliding rod is fixedly mounted at the top of each of the four sliding blocks, and the top ends of the four sliding rods extend out of the cavity and are fixedly connected with the corresponding lifting plate.
6. The pressure sore prevention alarm device according to claim 1, wherein the control component mounting box is fixedly mounted on the second fixing plate, a PCB is fixedly mounted in the mounting box, and a power module, an MCU processor, a clock module, a display module, an alarm module and a PLC are arranged on the PCB.
7. The pressure sore prevention alarm device according to claim 6, wherein a display screen is arranged on the first support plate, and the display screen is electrically connected with the display module through a wire.
8. The pressure wound prevention alarm device of claim 6 wherein the alarm module is a sound and light alarm module.
CN201910907440.8A 2019-09-24 2019-09-24 Pressure sore prevention alarm device Pending CN110664565A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910907440.8A CN110664565A (en) 2019-09-24 2019-09-24 Pressure sore prevention alarm device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910907440.8A CN110664565A (en) 2019-09-24 2019-09-24 Pressure sore prevention alarm device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN110664565A true CN110664565A (en) 2020-01-10

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201910907440.8A Pending CN110664565A (en) 2019-09-24 2019-09-24 Pressure sore prevention alarm device

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111449874A (en) * 2020-04-10 2020-07-28 于�玲 Turning-over device for severe heart patients
CN112545817A (en) * 2021-02-02 2021-03-26 山东大学齐鲁医院(青岛) Spinal surgery bracket device for neurosurgery

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20140304915A1 (en) * 2013-04-11 2014-10-16 Charles A. Lachenbruch Occupant Support Adapted to Manage Pressure Ulcer Risk and Associated Risk Management Methods
CN204618651U (en) * 2015-03-06 2015-09-09 蔡丹阳 Timing turning over multifunctional bedsore-proof bed
CN105455982A (en) * 2015-12-24 2016-04-06 广州市安埗自动化设备有限公司 Nursing bed and control method thereof
CN208573200U (en) * 2017-08-25 2019-03-05 魏浩轩 A kind of liftable desk
CN208659744U (en) * 2017-11-11 2019-03-29 中南大学湘雅医院 A kind of intelligent hospital bed of band prompt turn-over bed for patient function
CN208851850U (en) * 2017-08-05 2019-05-14 彭星 A kind of medical recovery physiotherapy couch
CN209301566U (en) * 2018-12-25 2019-08-27 济南市章丘区人民医院 A kind of ward bed lifting/lowering device

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20140304915A1 (en) * 2013-04-11 2014-10-16 Charles A. Lachenbruch Occupant Support Adapted to Manage Pressure Ulcer Risk and Associated Risk Management Methods
CN204618651U (en) * 2015-03-06 2015-09-09 蔡丹阳 Timing turning over multifunctional bedsore-proof bed
CN105455982A (en) * 2015-12-24 2016-04-06 广州市安埗自动化设备有限公司 Nursing bed and control method thereof
CN208851850U (en) * 2017-08-05 2019-05-14 彭星 A kind of medical recovery physiotherapy couch
CN208573200U (en) * 2017-08-25 2019-03-05 魏浩轩 A kind of liftable desk
CN208659744U (en) * 2017-11-11 2019-03-29 中南大学湘雅医院 A kind of intelligent hospital bed of band prompt turn-over bed for patient function
CN209301566U (en) * 2018-12-25 2019-08-27 济南市章丘区人民医院 A kind of ward bed lifting/lowering device

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111449874A (en) * 2020-04-10 2020-07-28 于�玲 Turning-over device for severe heart patients
CN112545817A (en) * 2021-02-02 2021-03-26 山东大学齐鲁医院(青岛) Spinal surgery bracket device for neurosurgery

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Application publication date: 20200110