CN110645368A - Deep sea emergency escape valve - Google Patents

Deep sea emergency escape valve Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN110645368A
CN110645368A CN201910973043.0A CN201910973043A CN110645368A CN 110645368 A CN110645368 A CN 110645368A CN 201910973043 A CN201910973043 A CN 201910973043A CN 110645368 A CN110645368 A CN 110645368A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
valve
cavity
deep sea
seat
core
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201910973043.0A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN110645368B (en
Inventor
胡浩龙
龙雷
吴宪
沈雪
钱宇
邹鹏
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
702th Research Institute of CSIC
Original Assignee
702th Research Institute of CSIC
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 702th Research Institute of CSIC filed Critical 702th Research Institute of CSIC
Priority to CN201910973043.0A priority Critical patent/CN110645368B/en
Publication of CN110645368A publication Critical patent/CN110645368A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN110645368B publication Critical patent/CN110645368B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16KVALVES; TAPS; COCKS; ACTUATING-FLOATS; DEVICES FOR VENTING OR AERATING
    • F16K3/00Gate valves or sliding valves, i.e. cut-off apparatus with closing members having a sliding movement along the seat for opening and closing
    • F16K3/02Gate valves or sliding valves, i.e. cut-off apparatus with closing members having a sliding movement along the seat for opening and closing with flat sealing faces; Packings therefor
    • F16K3/029Gate valves or sliding valves, i.e. cut-off apparatus with closing members having a sliding movement along the seat for opening and closing with flat sealing faces; Packings therefor with two or more gates
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16KVALVES; TAPS; COCKS; ACTUATING-FLOATS; DEVICES FOR VENTING OR AERATING
    • F16K3/00Gate valves or sliding valves, i.e. cut-off apparatus with closing members having a sliding movement along the seat for opening and closing
    • F16K3/30Details
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16KVALVES; TAPS; COCKS; ACTUATING-FLOATS; DEVICES FOR VENTING OR AERATING
    • F16K31/00Actuating devices; Operating means; Releasing devices
    • F16K31/12Actuating devices; Operating means; Releasing devices actuated by fluid
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16KVALVES; TAPS; COCKS; ACTUATING-FLOATS; DEVICES FOR VENTING OR AERATING
    • F16K37/00Special means in or on valves or other cut-off apparatus for indicating or recording operation thereof, or for enabling an alarm to be given
    • F16K37/0008Mechanical means
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16KVALVES; TAPS; COCKS; ACTUATING-FLOATS; DEVICES FOR VENTING OR AERATING
    • F16K37/00Special means in or on valves or other cut-off apparatus for indicating or recording operation thereof, or for enabling an alarm to be given
    • F16K37/0025Electrical or magnetic means
    • F16K37/005Electrical or magnetic means for measuring fluid parameters

Abstract

The invention relates to a deep sea emergency escape valve which comprises a valve body, wherein one end of the valve body is connected with a rear seat, a cavity is formed inside the valve body and the rear seat, and a valve core is installed along the inner wall of the cavity in a sliding manner; an external pressure port communicated with the cavity is formed in the other end of the valve body, and a first pressure oil port and a second pressure oil port which are respectively communicated with the cavity are formed in the side face of the valve body at intervals; the part of the cavity, which is positioned in the rear seat, is a cavity B, the rear seat, which is positioned on one side of the cavity B, is provided with a pressure detection element, and one end, which is positioned far away from the valve body, of the cavity B is provided with an inflation structure for inflating the cavity B. The device is specially applied to a deep sea escape system, the escape system can be conveniently controlled, the state of the valve can be detected in real time, the reliability of the system can be improved, and the safety of personnel and equipment can be ensured.

Description

Deep sea emergency escape valve
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of valve devices, in particular to a deep sea emergency escape valve.
Background
Deep sea equipment products generally have an emergency escape system, and the emergency escape system is mainly used for protecting the safety of personnel, important equipment and important samples in special emergency situations by means of unloading and discarding part of equipment. As a final protection for personnel and critical equipment, emergency escape systems are vital in deep sea equipment products. Because the emergency escape system is used during escape, the requirement on the reliability of equipment is high, but the emergency escape system is disposable, the use cost is high, and the reliability of the equipment cannot be guaranteed. Taking the manned equipment as an example, when the manned equipment has an emergency in deep sea, personnel carry important equipment information to enter the escape cabin, and then separate cabin water injection is carried out. Because the separation cabin is not filled with water and has balanced pressure with the external environment, the separation cabin can not be separated under the action of the external pressure. After the pressure of the separation cabin and the external seawater is balanced, the escape system is started to separate the escape cabin, and personnel are carried to the sea surface by the positive buoyancy of the escape cabin. The escape system is not frequently used, has short action time and small energy requirement, and is usually in a form of a prepared power source, namely an energy accumulator; the electromagnetic valve is controlled to be opened and closed, and acts on the oil cylinder to push the escape cabin to be separated. Although the existing electromagnetic valve is mature in technology and high in reliability, the underwater use working condition is complex, various problems cannot be predicted in emergency, and the electromagnetic valve must be isolated from the water environment, so that the sealing technology of the electromagnetic valve is higher in requirement. Because the deep sea equipment belongs to the atmospheric pressure air environment under the non-emergency condition, this also provides higher degree of difficulty to detecting whether sealed inefficacy. Therefore, the high reliability of the escape system cannot be ensured by adopting the electromagnetic valve control.
Disclosure of Invention
The applicant aims at the defects in the prior art, and provides a deep sea emergency escape valve with a reasonable structure, which is specially applied to a deep sea escape system, not only is the escape system convenient to control, but also the valve member state can be detected in real time, the reliability of the system can be improved, and the safety of personnel and equipment can be ensured.
The technical scheme adopted by the invention is as follows:
a deep sea emergency escape valve comprises a valve body, wherein one end of the valve body is connected with a rear seat, a cavity is formed inside the valve body and the rear seat, and a valve core is slidably mounted along the inner wall of the cavity; an external pressure port communicated with the cavity is formed in the other end of the valve body, and a first pressure oil port and a second pressure oil port which are respectively communicated with the cavity are formed in the side face of the valve body at intervals; the part of the cavity, which is positioned in the rear seat, is a cavity B, the rear seat, which is positioned on one side of the cavity B, is provided with a pressure detection element, and one end, which is positioned far away from the valve body, of the cavity B is provided with an inflation structure for inflating the cavity B.
As a further improvement of the above technical solution:
the sectional dimension of the valve core body is smaller than that of the cavity, the two ends of the valve core are respectively provided with a convex part attached to the inner wall of the cavity, the middle part of the valve core is provided with two bosses attached to the inner wall of the cavity at intervals, and sealing elements are respectively arranged between the outer surface of the convex part and the inner wall of the cavity and between the outer surface of the boss and the inner wall of the cavity.
When the valve core moves to one end, close to the external pressure port, in the cavity, a channel communicated with the cavity between the first pressure oil port and the second pressure oil port is blocked by the boss, and when the valve core moves to one end, far away from the external pressure port, in the cavity, a communication channel is formed among the first pressure oil port, the outer surface of the valve core body and the second pressure oil port.
The inflatable structure is as follows: including setting up in the back seat of B chamber one end, with the cell body of B chamber intercommunication, cell body internally mounted has the elasticity core, the open position of cell body install with elasticity core complex inflation valve, the middle part of inflation valve be equipped with the pore of cell body intercommunication.
And a nut is arranged outside the inflation valve and is used for opening or closing the inlet of the pore passage.
The structure of the elastic core is as follows: including conical head, head one side extends there is the pole portion, pole portion and spring coupling, the spring other end is fixed in the cell body bottom, inflation valve one end have with the recess of the cross-sectional dimension grow of pore intercommunication, the recess cooperatees with the head and communicates pore and B chamber or cut off.
The valve body is connected with the rear seat through a screw.
The pressure detection element is connected with the cavity B through a connecting hole.
The section size of one end of the cavity B close to the connecting hole is larger than that of the cavity in the valve body.
The invention has the following beneficial effects:
the invention has compact and reasonable structure and convenient operation, adopts the sealing element to seal the valve core and can ensure zero leakage of the valve. The external environment pressure is used as a power source for pushing the valve core, and the structure is simple and reliable. When the valve does not work, the valve core is fixed by adopting gas pressure, the gas pressure is detected in real time through the pressure detection element, air can be supplied through the inflation valve, the sealing reliability is detected constantly, and the working reliability of the valve can be ensured.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic view of the valve cartridge of the present invention at the far left end.
Fig. 2 is an enlarged view of a portion a in fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is a schematic structural view of the valve core of the present invention at the rightmost end.
Wherein: 1. a valve body; 2. a rear seat; 3. a pressure detecting element; 4. a screw; 5. an inflation valve; 6. a nut; 7. an elastic core; 8. a valve core; 9. a sealing element; 10. external pressure port; 11. a cavity B; 12. a first pressure oil port; 13. a second pressure oil port; 14. a cavity; 31. connecting holes; 71. a head portion; 72. a spring; 81. a convex portion; 82. a boss; 51. a channel; 52. and (4) a groove.
Detailed Description
The following describes embodiments of the present invention with reference to the drawings.
As shown in fig. 1 and 2, the deep sea emergency escape valve of the embodiment includes a valve body 1, one end of the valve body 1 is connected to a rear seat 2, a cavity 14 is formed inside the valve body 1 and the rear seat 2, and a valve core 8 is slidably mounted along the inner wall of the cavity 14; the other end of the valve body 1 is provided with an external pressure port 10 communicated with a cavity 14, and the side surface of the valve body 1 is provided with a first pressure oil port 12 and a second pressure oil port 13 at intervals, which are respectively communicated with the cavity 14; the part of the cavity 14 located in the rear seat 2 is a cavity B11, the rear seat 2 located on one side of the cavity B11 is provided with a pressure detection element 3, and one end of the cavity B11 located far away from the valve body 1 is provided with an inflation structure for inflating the cavity B11.
The sectional dimension of the valve core 8 body is smaller than that of the cavity 14, the two ends of the valve core 8 are respectively provided with a convex part 81 attached to the inner wall of the cavity 14, the middle part of the valve core 8 is provided with two bosses 82 attached to the inner wall of the cavity 14 at intervals, and sealing elements 9 are respectively arranged between the outer surface of the convex part 81 and the inner wall of the cavity 14 and between the outer surface of the boss 82 and the inner wall of the cavity 14.
When the valve core 8 moves to one end, close to the external pressure port 10, in the cavity 14, a channel between the first pressure port 12 and the second pressure port 13, which is communicated with the cavity 14, is blocked by the boss 82, and when the valve core 8 moves to one end, far away from the external pressure port 10, in the cavity 14, a communication channel is formed among the first pressure port 12, the outer surface of the valve core 8 body and the second pressure port 13.
The inflatable structure is as follows: the automatic air-filling device comprises a groove body which is arranged in a rear seat 2 at one end of a cavity B11 and communicated with the cavity B11, wherein an elastic core 7 is arranged inside the groove body, an air charging valve 5 matched with the elastic core 7 is arranged at the opening position of the groove body, and a pore passage 51 communicated with the groove body is arranged in the middle of the air charging valve 5.
The inflation valve 5 is externally provided with a screw cap 6, and the screw cap 6 opens or closes the inlet of the duct 51.
The structure of the elastic core 7 is: the inflation valve comprises a conical head 71, a rod part extends from one side of the head 71, the rod part is connected with a spring 72, the other end of the spring 72 is fixed at the bottom of the groove body, one end of the inflation valve 5 is provided with a groove 52 which is communicated with the hole channel 51 and has a larger section size, and the groove 52 is matched with the head 71 to communicate or separate the hole channel 51 and the cavity B11.
The valve body 1 is connected with the rear seat 2 through a screw 4.
The pressure detection element 3 is connected to the B chamber 11 through a connection hole 31.
The cross-sectional dimension of the B chamber 11 at the end near the connection hole 31 is larger than the cross-sectional dimension of the chamber body 14 located inside the valve body 1.
The working principle of the invention is as follows:
the screw cap 6 is opened, and the cavity B11 is inflated through the inflation valve 5: an external air source enters the groove body at the right end of the rear seat 2 through the channel 51, air pressure acts on the head 71 of the elastic core 7, the spring 72 is compressed, the head 71 is separated from the groove 52, air enters the air inlet cavity from the cavity B11, the valve core 8 is pushed to move to the leftmost end 14 of the cavity 14, the external pressure buckle 10 is closed, meanwhile, the boss 82 in the middle of the valve core 8 and the sealing element 9 partition the channel between the first pressure oil port 12 and the second pressure oil port 13, and the screw cap 6 is closed after the set pressure is achieved in the cavity B.
When the deep sea equipment normally works, the first pressure oil port 12 and the second pressure oil port 13 are sealed by the sealing element 9, so that zero leakage can be ensured;
the pressure of the cavity B is detected in real time by the pressure detection element 3. In emergency situations, personnel need to escape, and after entering the escape cabin, the separation cabin is filled with water. When the filling begins, personnel must have entered the escape compartment. Along with the continuous entering of external sea water in the separation cabin, the pressure rises continuously, acts on the valve core 8 through the external pressure port 10, because the right end of the valve core 8 only has gas pressure acting force, the pressure is far less than the sea water pressure, along with the continuous rising of the pressure, the valve core 8 is pushed to move right until the valve core 8 reaches the right end of the rear seat 2, as shown in fig. 3. At the moment, the first pressure oil port 12 is communicated with the second pressure oil port 13, and the high-pressure oil acts on the actuating mechanism, so that the escape chambers are separated. As long as the cavity B11 is ensured not to enter the seawater pressure, even if the valve core 8 is blocked, the valve core is pushed to move rightwards under the action of the external seawater pressure, and the working reliability of the valve is ensured.
The above description is intended to be illustrative and not restrictive, and the scope of the invention is defined by the appended claims, which may be modified in any manner within the scope of the invention.

Claims (9)

1. A deep sea emergency escape valve is characterized in that: the valve comprises a valve body (1), wherein one end of the valve body (1) is connected with a rear seat (2), a cavity (14) is formed inside the valve body (1) and the rear seat (2), and a valve core (8) is installed along the inner wall of the cavity (14) in a sliding manner; an external pressure port (10) communicated with a cavity (14) is formed in the other end of the valve body (1), and a first pressure oil port (12) and a second pressure oil port (13) which are respectively communicated with the cavity (14) are formed in the side face of the valve body (1) at intervals; the cavity (14) is arranged in the rear seat (2) and is provided with a B cavity (11) which is provided with a pressure detection element (3) on the rear seat (2) on one side of the B cavity (11) and an inflation structure which inflates the B cavity (11) is arranged at one end, far away from the valve body (1), of the B cavity (11).
2. The deep sea emergency escape valve of claim 1, wherein: the sectional dimension of the valve core (8) body is smaller than that of the cavity (14), the two ends of the valve core (8) are respectively provided with a convex part (81) attached to the inner wall of the cavity (14), the middle part of the valve core (8) is provided with two bosses (82) attached to the inner wall of the cavity (14) at intervals, and sealing elements (9) are respectively arranged between the outer surface of the convex part (81) and the inner wall of the cavity (14) and between the outer surface of the boss (82) and the inner wall of the cavity (14).
3. The deep sea emergency escape valve of claim 2, wherein: when the valve core (8) moves to one end, close to the external pressure port (10), in the cavity (14), a channel communicated with the cavity (14) between the first pressure port (12) and the second pressure port (13) is blocked by the boss (82), and when the valve core (8) moves to one end, far away from the external pressure port (10), in the cavity (14), the first pressure port (12), the outer surface of the valve core (8) body and the second pressure port (13) form a communication channel.
4. Deep sea emergency escape valve according to one of claims 1 to 3, wherein: the inflatable structure is as follows: including setting up in back seat (2) of B chamber (11) one end, with the cell body of B chamber (11) intercommunication, cell body internally mounted has elasticity core (7), the open position of cell body install with elasticity core (7) complex inflation valve (5), the middle part of inflation valve (5) be equipped with pore (51) of cell body intercommunication.
5. The deep sea emergency escape valve of claim 4, wherein: and a screw cap (6) is arranged outside the inflation valve (5), and the screw cap (6) opens or closes the inlet of the pore passage (51).
6. The deep sea emergency escape valve of claim 4, wherein: the structure of the elastic core (7) is as follows: including conical head (71), head (71) one side extends there is the pole portion, the pole portion is connected with spring (72), and the spring (72) other end is fixed in the cell body bottom, inflation valve (5) one end have with recess (52) of the cross-sectional dimension grow that pore (51) communicate, recess (52) cooperate with head (71) with pore (51) and B chamber (11) intercommunication or cut off.
7. The deep sea emergency escape valve of claim 1, wherein: the valve body (1) is connected with the rear seat (2) through a screw (4).
8. The deep sea emergency escape valve of claim 1, wherein: the pressure detection element (3) is connected with the cavity B (11) through a connecting hole (31).
9. The deep sea emergency escape valve of claim 7, wherein: the section size of one end of the cavity B (11) close to the connecting hole (31) is larger than the section size of the cavity (14) in the valve body (1).
CN201910973043.0A 2019-10-14 2019-10-14 Deep sea emergency escape valve Active CN110645368B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910973043.0A CN110645368B (en) 2019-10-14 2019-10-14 Deep sea emergency escape valve

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910973043.0A CN110645368B (en) 2019-10-14 2019-10-14 Deep sea emergency escape valve

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN110645368A true CN110645368A (en) 2020-01-03
CN110645368B CN110645368B (en) 2021-11-12

Family

ID=68994023

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201910973043.0A Active CN110645368B (en) 2019-10-14 2019-10-14 Deep sea emergency escape valve

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN110645368B (en)

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0744009A1 (en) * 1994-02-11 1996-11-27 Daimler-Benz Aktiengesellschaft Multi-stage regulating valve
CN101216122A (en) * 2008-01-10 2008-07-09 江苏万工科技集团有限公司 Pneumatic valve
CN103921914A (en) * 2014-04-22 2014-07-16 中国船舶重工集团公司第七○二研究所 Connection release device for escape capsule
CN204942743U (en) * 2015-09-15 2016-01-06 中国长江电力股份有限公司 A kind of multipurpose high-intensity sealing circle
CN106402443A (en) * 2016-11-02 2017-02-15 北京宇航系统工程研究所 Safety valve provided with automatic inflation and deflation device
CN109268336A (en) * 2018-11-27 2019-01-25 武汉理工大学 A kind of full-automatic emergency brake of mining industry hoolivan
CN109681684A (en) * 2019-01-21 2019-04-26 中国船舶科学研究中心(中国船舶重工集团公司第七0二研究所) A kind of Emergency Device safety valve suitable for submersible pipe-line system

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0744009A1 (en) * 1994-02-11 1996-11-27 Daimler-Benz Aktiengesellschaft Multi-stage regulating valve
CN101216122A (en) * 2008-01-10 2008-07-09 江苏万工科技集团有限公司 Pneumatic valve
CN103921914A (en) * 2014-04-22 2014-07-16 中国船舶重工集团公司第七○二研究所 Connection release device for escape capsule
CN204942743U (en) * 2015-09-15 2016-01-06 中国长江电力股份有限公司 A kind of multipurpose high-intensity sealing circle
CN106402443A (en) * 2016-11-02 2017-02-15 北京宇航系统工程研究所 Safety valve provided with automatic inflation and deflation device
CN109268336A (en) * 2018-11-27 2019-01-25 武汉理工大学 A kind of full-automatic emergency brake of mining industry hoolivan
CN109681684A (en) * 2019-01-21 2019-04-26 中国船舶科学研究中心(中国船舶重工集团公司第七0二研究所) A kind of Emergency Device safety valve suitable for submersible pipe-line system

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN110645368B (en) 2021-11-12

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN106314734A (en) Deep sea self-induction emergency load rejection mechanism
CN110645368B (en) Deep sea emergency escape valve
KR20160138386A (en) Pneumatic fender and pneumatic fender mouthpiece
CN111219507B (en) Pressure protection valve and gas water heater
CN208630593U (en) Vehicular air processing unit assembly and its four-loop protection valve
CN102039993B (en) Injection device for life-saving air bag
CN108437964A (en) Vehicular air processing unit assembly and its four-loop protection valve
CN213619717U (en) Relay valve with waterproof function
EP3348845B1 (en) Underwater actuator and submersible provided with same
US20160215896A1 (en) Fluid discharge valve
CN211008623U (en) Percussion device for liquid level test of high-pressure oil-gas well
US20200326014A1 (en) Inflation valve assembly
CN201932350U (en) Ejection device for lifesaving gasbag
CN109263589A (en) The drowned valve of saving oneself of one kind, drowned self-rescue system and application method
EP1942295B1 (en) Floating lifter pressure relief valve
CN201277178Y (en) Gas circuit integrated controller for mining air compressor
CN206444039U (en) New-energy automobile extinction using gas container value
CN110539859B (en) Marine emergency escape device
CN215399351U (en) Parachute integrating functions of lifesaving valve
CN104578534A (en) Submersible motor exhausting and water supplementing system applied to deep well
CN102155184B (en) Quick release value for well head pneumatic safety valve
CN212455640U (en) Gas valve with automatic pressure relief function
CN214196818U (en) Hydraulic control valve and hydraulic control system
CN110985454B (en) Hydraulic system of underwater multifunctional solid ballast load rejection device
CN211685597U (en) Unmanned aerial vehicle's air crash protection positioner is patrolled and examined to ocean

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant