CN110640593A - Double-station modularized grinding and polishing machine tool - Google Patents

Double-station modularized grinding and polishing machine tool Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110640593A
CN110640593A CN201810679257.2A CN201810679257A CN110640593A CN 110640593 A CN110640593 A CN 110640593A CN 201810679257 A CN201810679257 A CN 201810679257A CN 110640593 A CN110640593 A CN 110640593A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
module
polishing
grinding
machine tool
workbench
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201810679257.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杨林
郭忠峰
田国富
陈少鹏
陈忠波
张育增
Original Assignee
杨林
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 杨林 filed Critical 杨林
Priority to CN201810679257.2A priority Critical patent/CN110640593A/en
Publication of CN110640593A publication Critical patent/CN110640593A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B27/00Other grinding machines or devices
    • B24B27/0023Other grinding machines or devices grinding machines with a plurality of working posts
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B19/00Single-purpose machines or devices for particular grinding operations not covered by any other main group
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B41/00Component parts such as frames, beds, carriages, headstocks
    • B24B41/02Frames; Beds; Carriages
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B47/00Drives or gearings; Equipment therefor
    • B24B47/02Drives or gearings; Equipment therefor for performing a reciprocating movement of carriages or work- tables
    • B24B47/04Drives or gearings; Equipment therefor for performing a reciprocating movement of carriages or work- tables by mechanical gearing only

Abstract

The invention relates to a machining machine tool, in particular to a double-station modular grinding and polishing machine tool. The current casting grinding and polishing can adopt a grinding and polishing robot or a special grinding and polishing machine tool. The polishing robot has the advantages of high polishing precision and long teaching time and is high in enterprise investment cost. The special machine tool for grinding and polishing has the advantages of high efficiency, low cost, less one-time investment, easy maintenance and the like. With the continuous forward development of social economy and the acceleration of the production rhythm of industrial products, a high-efficiency casting polishing machine tool with double stations is urgently needed to be designed. A grinding and polishing machine tool with double stations is designed, the same station is responsible for different grinding and polishing positions of a workpiece, and the two stations are in assembly line operation, so that the grinding and polishing efficiency of a casting is obviously improved. Meanwhile, the double-station machine tool adopts a modular design, so that the manufacturing period of the machine tool can be greatly shortened, and the maintenance cost is reduced.

Description

Double-station modularized grinding and polishing machine tool
Technical Field
The invention relates to a machining machine tool, in particular to a double-station modular grinding and polishing machine tool.
Background
For parts which are produced in large scale or parts which are complex in shape and need to be polished, if manual polishing is adopted, the polishing quality cannot be guaranteed, and meanwhile, along with the continuous rising of labor cost, the harm of the severe working environment to human bodies must be considered.
The current casting grinding and polishing can adopt a grinding and polishing robot or a special grinding and polishing machine tool. The polishing robot has the advantages of high polishing precision and long teaching time and is high in enterprise investment cost. The special machine tool for grinding and polishing has the advantages of high efficiency, low cost, less one-time investment, easy maintenance and the like. With the continuous forward development of social economy and the acceleration of the production rhythm of industrial products, a high-efficiency casting polishing machine tool with double stations is urgently needed to be designed.
The invention provides a double-station grinding and polishing integrated machine, which realizes rough polishing and fine polishing and improves the working efficiency of clamp polishing. However, the machine tool can only be used for grinding and polishing wooden furniture and cannot be used for grinding and polishing metal castings.
[201610756990.0] the invention discloses a machine tool with a double-station workbench, which comprises a base and a portal frame arranged on the base, wherein two processing stations are adopted to process workpieces with different specifications. The gantry type machining device is characterized in that a gantry frame is adopted, a set of driving power device and two machining tables are arranged, and the difference of the structure and the structure provided by the invention is large.
Disclosure of Invention
A grinding and polishing machine tool with double stations is designed, the same station is responsible for different grinding and polishing positions of a workpiece, and the two stations are in assembly line operation, so that the grinding and polishing efficiency of a casting is obviously improved. Meanwhile, the double-station machine tool adopts a modular design, so that the manufacturing period of the machine tool can be greatly shortened, and the maintenance cost is reduced.
A double-station modularized grinding and polishing machine tool comprises a machine tool body module 1, a left workbench module 2, a right workbench module 3, a left spindle module 4 and a right spindle module 5.
The double-station grinding and polishing machine tool adopts a modular design idea, a machine tool capable of finishing complex grinding and polishing tasks is decomposed into a plurality of sub-modules with independent functions, and all the modules are coordinated and matched with each other to finish all grinding and polishing action requirements. The design idea is considered based on two reasons of expansion of machine tool functions and quick maintenance and replacement of a certain module in the using process.
According to the double-station machine tool, the bed module comprises a horizontal bed and a vertical bed, the horizontal bed and the vertical bed can be cast as a whole in a unified casting mode, and then mechanical assembly is carried out. The machine is difficult to process by adopting integral casting, but the stability of the machine body is better; the horizontal lathe bed and the vertical lathe bed are cast separately, so that the processing is convenient, and the horizontal lathe bed and the vertical lathe bed have advantages and disadvantages.
This duplex position lathe, the design has left workstation module and right workstation module, and two horizontal guide rails of these two module commoning, and left workstation module and right workstation module all can remove along horizontal guide rail, and the purpose of design has both guaranteed that the workstation module has enough horizontal translation and has moved the space, can make again about the workstation module can share horizontal guide rail, increase burnishing and polishing technological stability, and then improve the burnishing and polishing quality. The left workbench module and the right workbench module are respectively provided with a rotary workbench, and castings needing to be polished can be rotated to a specified angle under the driving of a rotary motor.
The left main shaft module and the right main shaft module are respectively arranged on the left side and the right side of the vertical lathe bed. The left main shaft module and the right main shaft can move up and down along the vertical guide rail. A left horizontal moving motor and a left rotating motor in the left spindle module can respectively drive the grinding and polishing tool to horizontally move and rotate. Therefore, the grinding and polishing tool has 3 degrees of freedom, and the casting to be ground and polished has 2 degrees of freedom, so that each workpiece of the double-station modularized grinding and polishing machine tool is a grinding and polishing unit with 5 degrees of freedom, and the grinding and polishing requirements of any complex part can be met.
According to the double-station machine tool, the left main shaft module and the right main shaft module can be respectively provided with a grinding cutter or a polishing cutter according to the grinding or polishing requirements, and further a casting is subjected to a specified grinding task or polishing task.
Compared with the prior art, the double-station double-spindle machine tool has the advantages that the double-station double-spindle machine tool can simultaneously polish or polish two castings at one time, also can sequentially process or only process one casting according to needs, has small occupied area on the premise of meeting the rigidity requirement, reduces the cost and improves the processing efficiency. Meanwhile, in the aspect of a machine tool body, according to actual processing technological conditions, the horizontal machine body and the vertical machine body can be cast as a whole in a unified casting mode or can be cast separately, and then mechanical assembly is carried out.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a side view of a double-station modular grinding and polishing machine;
FIG. 2 is a side view of the integrated bed;
FIG. 3 is a rear view of the integrated bed;
FIG. 4 is a side view of the split bed;
FIG. 5 is a side view of a horizontal bed in a split bed;
FIG. 6 is a side view of a vertical bed in a split bed;
FIG. 7 is a front view of the left table module;
(the right workbench module is symmetrical with the right workbench module in front view, the working principle is the same, and the operation is omitted);
FIG. 8 is a side view of the left table module shaft;
FIG. 9 is a front view of the left spindle module;
FIG. 10 is a left side view of the left spindle module;
FIG. 11 is a top plan view of the left spindle module axis;
FIG. 12 is a side view of the left spindle module.
Detailed Description
The invention is further described below with reference to the accompanying drawings:
as shown in fig. 1, fig. 2, fig. 3, fig. 4, fig. 5, fig. 6, fig. 7, fig. 8, fig. 9, fig. 10, fig. 11 and fig. 12, the double-station grinding and polishing machine tool is composed of a bed module 1, a left table module 2, a right table module 3, a left spindle module 4 and a right spindle module 5.
The lathe bed module 1 comprises a horizontal lathe bed 9 and a vertical lathe bed 10, and can be integrally cast or mechanically connected into a whole after being separately cast. The lower part of the horizontal bed body 9 is provided with a foundation bolt groove 7, and the bed body is fixed on a foundation by means of the foundation bolt. A horizontal guide rail 20 is fixed on the horizontal bed guide rail groove 6 on the horizontal bed 9. A left main shaft module vertical guide rail 47 is fixed on the vertical lathe bed guide rail groove 8 on the vertical lathe bed 10.
The left workbench module 2 is taken as an example to illustrate the implementation of the workbench module (the right workbench module 3 is symmetrical to the left workbench module 2, so the description is omitted here). The front end of the left workbench module horizontal moving motor 13 is connected with a left workbench module reducer 14, and the left workbench module reducer 14 is fixed on a left workbench module motor base 15 through bolts. The left workbench module coupler 16 penetrates through the left workbench module motor base 15 and the left workbench module horizontal ram 22 to connect the output shaft of the left workbench module reducer 14 with the left workbench module lead screw 21. The left table module horizontal ram 22 is connected to the left table module slide block 18 by bolts. The left table module slide 18 is slidable on horizontal guides 20 of the horizontal bed 9. A left workbench module rotating workbench motor 24 is connected with a left workbench module rotating workbench 23, and the left workbench module rotating workbench 23 is fixed on the left workbench module horizontal ram 22 through bolts. The left table module rotary table 23 can fix a casting to be ground or polished by means of a jig.
The embodiment of the spindle module will be described with reference to the left spindle module 4 as an example (the right spindle module 5 is symmetrical to the spindle module 4, so it is not shown here). The left spindle module spindle motor 25 is connected to the left spindle module motor base 26 by bolts. The left spindle module motor mount 26 is fixed to a left spindle module rotary table 27. The left spindle module rotating electrical machine 31 is connected to a left spindle module rotating electrical machine reducer 32, and the output shaft of the left spindle module rotating electrical machine reducer 32 is connected to the left spindle module rotating table 27. A left spindle module horizontal guide rail 29 is mounted on the right side of the left spindle module spindle ram 28, and the left spindle module horizontal guide rail 29 passes through a left spindle module vertical movement slider 38. The left spindle module horizontal moving motor 33 is connected with the left spindle module horizontal moving motor reducer 34, an output shaft of the left spindle module horizontal moving motor reducer 34 is connected with a left spindle module horizontal lead screw 39 through a left spindle module horizontal moving motor coupler 35, a left spindle module horizontal screw nut 40 is installed on the left spindle module horizontal lead screw 39, and the left spindle module horizontal screw nut 40 and the left spindle module ram 28 are fixed through bolts. The left spindle module horizontal lead screw 39 will then drive the left spindle module spindle motor 25 and the like to move in the horizontal direction. The left spindle module vertical motor 45 is connected with the left spindle module vertical reducer 44, an output shaft of the left spindle module vertical reducer 44 is connected with the left spindle module vertical lead screw 41 through the left spindle module vertical coupler 43, the left spindle module vertical lead screw 41 penetrates through the left spindle module vertical screw nut 46, and the left spindle module vertical screw nut 45 and the left spindle module vertical ram 37 are fixed through bolts. Rotation of the left spindle module vertical lead screw 41 will thus drive the left spindle module spindle motor 25 and the like to move in the vertical direction.
The above preferred embodiments are merely illustrative of the technical concept and features of the present invention, and are intended to enable those skilled in the art to understand the contents of the present invention and implement the present invention, and not to limit the scope of the present invention, and all equivalent changes or modifications made according to the spirit of the present invention belong to the scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. A double-station modular grinding and polishing machine tool comprises a machine tool body module, a left workbench module, a right workbench module, a left spindle module and a right spindle module; the lathe bed module can be integrally cast, or can be divided into a horizontal lathe bed and a vertical lathe bed to be separately cast and then mechanically connected.
2. The left workbench module rotary workbench and the right workbench module rotary workbench can move in the horizontal direction on a horizontal guide rail of the horizontal lathe bed, and meanwhile, the left workbench module rotary workbench motor can rotate to drive the left workbench module rotary workbench to rotate.
3. The left main shaft module and the right main shaft module can be respectively connected to the left side and the right side of the vertical lathe bed and can move up and down along a vertical guide rail of the vertical lathe bed.
4. The left main shaft module and the right main shaft module can be provided with a casting grinding cutter for grinding the casting and can also be provided with a polishing cutter for polishing the casting.
5. The rotating motors in the left main shaft module and the right main shaft module can drive the casting grinding tool or the casting polishing tool to rotate to a specified position.
6. Vertical motors in the left main shaft module and the right main shaft module can drive a casting grinding tool or a casting polishing tool to ascend and descend to a specified position.
CN201810679257.2A 2018-06-27 2018-06-27 Double-station modularized grinding and polishing machine tool Pending CN110640593A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810679257.2A CN110640593A (en) 2018-06-27 2018-06-27 Double-station modularized grinding and polishing machine tool

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810679257.2A CN110640593A (en) 2018-06-27 2018-06-27 Double-station modularized grinding and polishing machine tool

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN110640593A true CN110640593A (en) 2020-01-03

Family

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201810679257.2A Pending CN110640593A (en) 2018-06-27 2018-06-27 Double-station modularized grinding and polishing machine tool

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN110640593A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113084649A (en) * 2021-05-13 2021-07-09 沈阳仪表科学研究院有限公司 Vertical double-grinding-head grinding method for aspheric optical element and adopted processing device

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113084649A (en) * 2021-05-13 2021-07-09 沈阳仪表科学研究院有限公司 Vertical double-grinding-head grinding method for aspheric optical element and adopted processing device

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