CN110632619A - GNSS receiver, railway survey system, method and storage medium - Google Patents

GNSS receiver, railway survey system, method and storage medium Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110632619A
CN110632619A CN201910986473.6A CN201910986473A CN110632619A CN 110632619 A CN110632619 A CN 110632619A CN 201910986473 A CN201910986473 A CN 201910986473A CN 110632619 A CN110632619 A CN 110632619A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
gnss receiver
positioning
image information
module
information
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201910986473.6A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
汤友富
黄新连
周云
邹文静
王春芳
王旭明
李晶
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
China Railway Fifth Survey and Design Institute Group Co Ltd
Original Assignee
China Railway Fifth Survey and Design Institute Group Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by China Railway Fifth Survey and Design Institute Group Co Ltd filed Critical China Railway Fifth Survey and Design Institute Group Co Ltd
Priority to CN201910986473.6A priority Critical patent/CN110632619A/en
Publication of CN110632619A publication Critical patent/CN110632619A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01CMEASURING DISTANCES, LEVELS OR BEARINGS; SURVEYING; NAVIGATION; GYROSCOPIC INSTRUMENTS; PHOTOGRAMMETRY OR VIDEOGRAMMETRY
    • G01C11/00Photogrammetry or videogrammetry, e.g. stereogrammetry; Photographic surveying
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01CMEASURING DISTANCES, LEVELS OR BEARINGS; SURVEYING; NAVIGATION; GYROSCOPIC INSTRUMENTS; PHOTOGRAMMETRY OR VIDEOGRAMMETRY
    • G01C15/00Surveying instruments or accessories not provided for in groups G01C1/00 - G01C13/00
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01SRADIO DIRECTION-FINDING; RADIO NAVIGATION; DETERMINING DISTANCE OR VELOCITY BY USE OF RADIO WAVES; LOCATING OR PRESENCE-DETECTING BY USE OF THE REFLECTION OR RERADIATION OF RADIO WAVES; ANALOGOUS ARRANGEMENTS USING OTHER WAVES
    • G01S19/00Satellite radio beacon positioning systems; Determining position, velocity or attitude using signals transmitted by such systems
    • G01S19/01Satellite radio beacon positioning systems transmitting time-stamped messages, e.g. GPS [Global Positioning System], GLONASS [Global Orbiting Navigation Satellite System] or GALILEO
    • G01S19/13Receivers
    • G01S19/14Receivers specially adapted for specific applications

Abstract

The embodiment of the application provides a GNSS receiver, a railway survey system, a railway survey method and a storage medium, which are used for better collecting the surrounding environment information of positioning points along a railway line. The embodiment of the application provides a GNSS receiver which is applied to railway survey and comprises a positioning module, a receiving module and a processing module, wherein the positioning module is used for obtaining positioning information; the GNSS receiver further includes: the camera module is used for acquiring images; and the communication module is used for sending the positioning information obtained by the positioning module and the image information synchronously acquired by the camera module. In the embodiment of the application, the GNSS receiver is improved to comprise a camera module and a communication module besides a positioning module for obtaining the positioning information, so that accurate position information and image information can be better acquired at fixed points of the line engineering.

Description

GNSS receiver, railway survey system, method and storage medium
Technical Field
The present application relates to the field of railway survey technologies, and in particular, to a GNSS receiver, a railway survey system, a method, and a storage medium.
Background
In the existing railway survey and measurement process, general steps are that a measurer performs center line measurement according to a design line position, mark piles (generally wooden piles or bamboo sheet piles) are arranged along a line, then professionals of lines, stations, roadbeds, bridges, tunnels and the like perform survey according to the positions of the arranged piles along the line, take site pictures according to mileage and record site conditions. The process requires measuring personnel and designers to carry out measurement and investigation work along the line trend for more than two times, the efficiency of investigation and design field work is greatly reduced, and meanwhile, in some important work points (such as super-large bridges, long and large tunnel portals, roadbed deep excavation and other fields), due to incomplete partial field image data, visual inspection and verification can not be carried out on the measured data or the design data, and great inconvenience is brought to railway survey work.
The inventor finds that the main problems in the existing railway survey work are as follows: because a GNSS (Global Navigation Satellite System) receiver is mainly used for measurement and positioning work, pile placing work is performed on the spot according to linear position coordinates, and peripheral environment information at a certain point of a linear position cannot be recorded, so that designers need to perform detailed investigation along the linear position again, and manpower and material resources are wasted. If the measuring personnel are required to additionally take pictures to record the field environment information in the pile placing process along the line, the operation burden of the measuring personnel can be increased, the field operation measuring efficiency is directly reduced, and the railway surveying progress is influenced.
Disclosure of Invention
The embodiment of the application provides a GNSS receiver, a railway survey system, a railway survey method and a storage medium, which are used for better acquiring accurate position information and image information of a line project at fixed points.
In one aspect, a GNSS receiver for railway survey includes a positioning module for obtaining positioning information; the GNSS receiver further includes:
the camera module is used for acquiring images;
and the communication module is used for sending the positioning information obtained by the positioning module and the image information synchronously acquired by the camera module.
In another aspect, the embodiment of the present application provides a railway survey system, including the GNSS receiver described above, and further including a mobile terminal;
the mobile terminal is in communication connection with the GNSS receiver, receives image information and positioning information sent by the GNSS receiver, and integrates and stores the image information and the positioning information.
In yet another aspect, an embodiment of the present application provides a railway survey method, including:
the GNSS receiver obtains and sends the positioning information and the synchronously acquired image information;
and the mobile terminal receives the image information and the positioning information sent by the GNSS receiver and integrates and stores the image information and the positioning information.
In still another aspect, an embodiment of the present application provides a computer-readable storage medium, on which a computer program is stored, where the computer program, when executed by a processor, implements receiving image information and positioning information sent by a GNSS receiver, and stores the image information and the positioning information in an integrated manner.
The beneficial effects are as follows:
in the embodiment of the present application, the GNSS receiver is modified to include, in addition to a positioning module for obtaining positioning information, a positioning module further including: the camera module is used for acquiring images; and the communication module is used for sending the positioning information obtained by the positioning module and the image information synchronously acquired by the camera module. Through the improvement of the GNSS receiver, accurate position information and image information can be better acquired at fixed points of line engineering. The mobile terminal is matched with the GNSS receiver, receives the image information and the positioning information sent by the GNSS receiver, integrates and stores the image information and the positioning information, and corresponds railway design mileage and surrounding environment images one to one, so that a designer can conveniently select and determine a line position or a working point according to measurement data and image data, secondary investigation is reduced, and railway survey design efficiency is improved.
Drawings
Specific embodiments of the present application will be described below with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:
FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram illustrating functional modules of a GNSS receiver in an embodiment of the present application;
FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram illustrating an external structure of a GNSS receiver in an embodiment of the present application;
fig. 3 shows a schematic structural diagram of a railway survey system in an embodiment of the present application;
fig. 4 shows a schematic flow chart of a railway survey method in an embodiment of the present application.
Detailed Description
In order to make the technical solutions and advantages of the present application more apparent, the following further detailed description of the exemplary embodiments of the present application with reference to the accompanying drawings makes it clear that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present application, and not an exhaustive list of all embodiments. And the embodiments and features of the embodiments in the present specification may be combined with each other without conflict.
The application provides a GNSS receiver, a railway survey system, a railway survey method and a storage medium.
Fig. 1 shows a GNSS receiver 1 in the embodiment of the present application, which is applied to railway survey, and includes a positioning module 101 for obtaining positioning information; the GNSS receiver 1 further includes:
the camera module 102 is used for acquiring images;
and the communication module 103 is configured to send the positioning information obtained by the positioning module 101 and the image information synchronously acquired by the camera module 102.
By modifying the GNSS receiver 1, the GNSS receiver 1 includes, in addition to the positioning module 101 for obtaining the positioning information: the camera module 102 is used for acquiring images; and the communication module 103 is configured to send the positioning information obtained by the positioning module 101 and the image information synchronously acquired by the camera module 102. By modifying the GNSS receiver 1, the surrounding environment information of the positioning points along the railway line can be better acquired, and the accurate position information and the image information can be acquired at fixed points of the line engineering.
Further, as shown in fig. 2, the camera module 102 may be fixed on the side of the casing of the GNSS receiver 1 by using a ten thousand nano adhesive tape. The camera module 102 may be a high-definition camera module, and may specifically be a GOPRO camera. In particular implementations, the camera module 102 should include at least one set of high definition cameras. Preferably, three, four and six groups of high-definition cameras can be selected and arranged according to actual conditions on site, full-coverage shooting of environmental information around the positioning point is achieved, so as to better record the environment, and six groups of high-definition cameras are adopted in one example in fig. 2.
Further, the communication module 103 is a bluetooth transmission module, which is located inside the camera and the receiver. Adopt bluetooth transmission module, mainly consider to be convenient for carry out information transmission with mobile terminal.
Fig. 3 shows a railway survey system in an embodiment of the present application, which includes the GNSS receiver 1 described above, and further includes a mobile terminal 2;
and the mobile terminal 2 is in communication connection with the GNSS receiver 1, receives the image information and the positioning information sent by the GNSS receiver 1, and integrates and stores the image information and the positioning information.
The software functions in the mobile terminal may be implemented by a mobile terminal APP installed in the mobile terminal.
Further, the mobile terminal 2 may also be used to control the camera module 102 to take a picture. In a specific implementation, a shooting button can be provided for a user by the mobile terminal APP, and shooting control is performed by the user. The mobile terminal APP may also automatically control the camera module 102 to shoot after receiving the start information or the positioning information of the GNSS receiver.
Further, the mobile terminal 2 may be configured to synthesize the image information into a panoramic image after receiving the image information. When the camera module 102 includes multiple sets of high-definition cameras, full-coverage shooting of environmental information around the positioning point can be achieved, and images shot by the multiple sets of high-definition cameras are synthesized into a panoramic image, so that the environment in which the positioning point is located can be better recorded.
Fig. 4 shows a railway survey method in an embodiment of the present application, wherein the method comprises:
step 1101, the GNSS receiver 1 obtains and transmits positioning information and synchronously acquired image information;
in step 1102, the mobile terminal 2 receives the image information and the positioning information sent by the GNSS receiver 1, and integrates and stores the image information and the positioning information.
Further, the mobile terminal 2 may control the GNSS receiver 1 to perform photographing.
Further, the mobile terminal 2 may synthesize the image information into a panoramic image after receiving the image information.
The railway surveying method in the embodiment of the application can be applied to the middle line pile placing operation, firstly, when the middle line pile placing operation is carried out in the field, a measurer finds out a specific mileage position according to a design line position, such as DK50+500, the GNSS receiver 1 is controlled to collect position information through the mobile terminal APP, the high definition camera is controlled to synchronously shoot surrounding environment images, and the Bluetooth transmission module is utilized to synchronously transmit image information and positioning information to the mobile terminal 2. Mobile terminal APP can carry out the panorama image with this many image data of gathering and synthesize to add corresponding mileage positional information in image data, automatic storage is in the cell-phone memory after accomplishing, the interior data arrangement of being convenient for.
The embodiment of the present application further provides a computer-readable storage medium, on which a computer program is stored, where the computer program, when executed by a processor, implements receiving image information and positioning information sent by the GNSS receiver 1, and stores the image information and the positioning information in an integrated manner.
Further, the program is executed by the processor to control the GNSS receiver 1 to perform photographing.
Further, the program is executed by the processor to synthesize the image information into a panoramic image after receiving the image information.
By adopting the scheme provided by the embodiment of the application, the following advantages can be brought:
(1) and in the process of pile placing measurement of the railway center line, synchronously carrying out image recording on the environmental information around the positioning point.
(2) The image information corresponds to the designed mileage position of the railway one by one, so that designers can conveniently check the image data according to the linear mileage, and the workload of field investigation is reduced.
(3) The automation of position measurement and image acquisition work is realized through mobile terminal APP, and the operation burden of measuring personnel is reduced.
(4) Utilize a plurality of high definition cameras to carry out all-round image collection to utilize mobile terminal APP to integrate panoramic image automatically, provide more directly perceived real on-the-spot investigation experience for the design specialty.
As will be appreciated by one skilled in the art, embodiments of the present application may be provided as a method, system, or computer program product. Accordingly, the present application may take the form of an entirely hardware embodiment, an entirely software embodiment or an embodiment combining software and hardware aspects. Furthermore, the present application may take the form of a computer program product embodied on one or more computer-usable storage media (including, but not limited to, disk storage, CD-ROM, optical storage, and the like) having computer-usable program code embodied therein.
The present application is described with reference to flowchart illustrations and/or block diagrams of methods, apparatus (systems), and computer program products according to embodiments of the application. It will be understood that each flow and/or block of the flow diagrams and/or block diagrams, and combinations of flows and/or blocks in the flow diagrams and/or block diagrams, can be implemented by computer program instructions. These computer program instructions may be provided to a processor of a general purpose computer, special purpose computer, embedded processor, or other programmable data processing apparatus to produce a machine, such that the instructions, which execute via the processor of the computer or other programmable data processing apparatus, create means for implementing the functions specified in the flowchart flow or flows and/or block diagram block or blocks.
These computer program instructions may also be stored in a computer-readable memory that can direct a computer or other programmable data processing apparatus to function in a particular manner, such that the instructions stored in the computer-readable memory produce an article of manufacture including instruction means which implement the function specified in the flowchart flow or flows and/or block diagram block or blocks.
These computer program instructions may also be loaded onto a computer or other programmable data processing apparatus to cause a series of operational steps to be performed on the computer or other programmable apparatus to produce a computer implemented process such that the instructions which execute on the computer or other programmable apparatus provide steps for implementing the functions specified in the flowchart flow or flows and/or block diagram block or blocks.
While the preferred embodiments of the present application have been described, additional variations and modifications in those embodiments may occur to those skilled in the art once they learn of the basic inventive concepts. Therefore, it is intended that the appended claims be interpreted as including preferred embodiments and all alterations and modifications as fall within the scope of the application.

Claims (13)

1. A GNSS receiver is applied to railway survey and comprises a positioning module, a receiving module and a processing module, wherein the positioning module is used for obtaining positioning information; it is characterized by also comprising:
the camera module is used for acquiring images;
and the communication module is used for sending the positioning information obtained by the positioning module and the image information synchronously acquired by the camera module.
2. The GNSS receiver of claim 1 wherein the camera module is secured to the GNSS receiver housing side by a ten thousand nano-tape.
3. The GNSS receiver of claim 1 or 2 wherein the camera module comprises three, four or six sets of high definition cameras.
4. The GNSS receiver of claim 1 wherein the communication module is a bluetooth transmission module.
5. A railway survey system, comprising a GNSS receiver of any of claims 1 to 4, further comprising a mobile terminal;
the mobile terminal is in communication connection with the GNSS receiver, receives image information and positioning information sent by the GNSS receiver, and integrates and stores the image information and the positioning information.
6. The system of claim 5, wherein the mobile terminal is further configured to control the camera module to take a picture.
7. The system of claim 5, wherein the mobile terminal is further configured to synthesize the image information into a panoramic image after receiving the image information.
8. A method of railway surveying, the method comprising:
the GNSS receiver obtains and sends the positioning information and the synchronously acquired image information;
and the mobile terminal receives the image information and the positioning information sent by the GNSS receiver and integrates and stores the image information and the positioning information.
9. The method of claim 8, wherein the mobile terminal controls the GNSS receiver to perform photographing.
10. The method of claim 8, wherein the mobile terminal synthesizes the image information into a panoramic image after receiving the image information.
11. A computer-readable storage medium, on which a computer program is stored, wherein the program, when executed by a processor, implements receiving image information and positioning information sent by a GNSS receiver and storing the image information and the positioning information in an integrated manner.
12. The computer-readable storage medium of claim 11, wherein the program when executed by a processor controls the GNSS receiver to perform photographing.
13. The computer-readable storage medium of claim 11, wherein the program when executed by the processor synthesizes the image information into a panoramic image after receiving the image information.
CN201910986473.6A 2019-10-17 2019-10-17 GNSS receiver, railway survey system, method and storage medium Pending CN110632619A (en)

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Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR20020096388A (en) * 2001-06-19 2002-12-31 김성기 Real-time monitoring system of train
CN204719392U (en) * 2015-04-14 2015-10-21 武汉海达数云技术有限公司 A kind ofly can be connected the panorama camera of conbined usage fast with GNSS-RTK
CN105898214A (en) * 2016-03-24 2016-08-24 北京农业信息技术研究中心 Site surveying device, site surveying confirmation method, and server
KR20160103586A (en) * 2015-02-24 2016-09-02 주식회사 공간정보 Unmanned Aerial Vehicle System For Broadcasting Distress Research And Emergency Guide
CN207580154U (en) * 2017-11-03 2018-07-06 中国铁道科学研究院铁道建筑研究所 For the exploration equipment of Along Railway
CN109905612A (en) * 2019-03-25 2019-06-18 山东省交通规划设计院 Portable Road Design full-view image field investigation system and method

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR20020096388A (en) * 2001-06-19 2002-12-31 김성기 Real-time monitoring system of train
KR20160103586A (en) * 2015-02-24 2016-09-02 주식회사 공간정보 Unmanned Aerial Vehicle System For Broadcasting Distress Research And Emergency Guide
CN204719392U (en) * 2015-04-14 2015-10-21 武汉海达数云技术有限公司 A kind ofly can be connected the panorama camera of conbined usage fast with GNSS-RTK
CN105898214A (en) * 2016-03-24 2016-08-24 北京农业信息技术研究中心 Site surveying device, site surveying confirmation method, and server
CN207580154U (en) * 2017-11-03 2018-07-06 中国铁道科学研究院铁道建筑研究所 For the exploration equipment of Along Railway
CN109905612A (en) * 2019-03-25 2019-06-18 山东省交通规划设计院 Portable Road Design full-view image field investigation system and method

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