CN110628482A - Automatic control system for biomass particle production line - Google Patents

Automatic control system for biomass particle production line Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110628482A
CN110628482A CN201910966757.9A CN201910966757A CN110628482A CN 110628482 A CN110628482 A CN 110628482A CN 201910966757 A CN201910966757 A CN 201910966757A CN 110628482 A CN110628482 A CN 110628482A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
subsystem
production line
automatic control
finished
hot
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201910966757.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李奕
杨银东
康国瑞
杨学荣
段永俏
马桂琴
赵利
杨万贵
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Ningxia Rivelle Energy Environment Engineering Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Ningxia Rivelle Energy Environment Engineering Co Ltd
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Ningxia Rivelle Energy Environment Engineering Co Ltd filed Critical Ningxia Rivelle Energy Environment Engineering Co Ltd
Priority to CN201910966757.9A priority Critical patent/CN110628482A/en
Publication of CN110628482A publication Critical patent/CN110628482A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10LFUELS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NATURAL GAS; SYNTHETIC NATURAL GAS OBTAINED BY PROCESSES NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C10G, C10K; LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GAS; ADDING MATERIALS TO FUELS OR FIRES TO REDUCE SMOKE OR UNDESIRABLE DEPOSITS OR TO FACILITATE SOOT REMOVAL; FIRELIGHTERS
    • C10L5/00Solid fuels
    • C10L5/40Solid fuels essentially based on materials of non-mineral origin
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10LFUELS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NATURAL GAS; SYNTHETIC NATURAL GAS OBTAINED BY PROCESSES NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C10G, C10K; LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GAS; ADDING MATERIALS TO FUELS OR FIRES TO REDUCE SMOKE OR UNDESIRABLE DEPOSITS OR TO FACILITATE SOOT REMOVAL; FIRELIGHTERS
    • C10L2290/00Fuel preparation or upgrading, processes or apparatus therefore, comprising specific process steps or apparatus units
    • C10L2290/08Drying or removing water
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10LFUELS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NATURAL GAS; SYNTHETIC NATURAL GAS OBTAINED BY PROCESSES NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C10G, C10K; LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GAS; ADDING MATERIALS TO FUELS OR FIRES TO REDUCE SMOKE OR UNDESIRABLE DEPOSITS OR TO FACILITATE SOOT REMOVAL; FIRELIGHTERS
    • C10L2290/00Fuel preparation or upgrading, processes or apparatus therefore, comprising specific process steps or apparatus units
    • C10L2290/28Cutting, disintegrating, shredding or grinding
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E50/00Technologies for the production of fuel of non-fossil origin
    • Y02E50/30Fuel from waste, e.g. synthetic alcohol or diesel

Abstract

The invention discloses an automatic control system of a biomass particle production line, wherein a raw material screening subsystem is connected on a crushing subsystem, a drying subsystem is connected on the raw material screening subsystem, a hot material receiving subsystem is connected on the drying subsystem, a granulating subsystem is connected on the hot material receiving subsystem, a cooling subsystem is connected on the granulating subsystem, a finished product storage and packaging subsystem is connected on the cooling system, the crushing subsystem comprises a crusher and a conveyer belt, a raw material molecular sieving system comprises a transport vehicle, the crusher and the conveyer belt, the drying subsystem comprises a hot blast stove, a dryer and a cloth bag dust remover, the hot material receiving subsystem comprises a feeding pipe and a storage tank, the granulating subsystem comprises a storage bin, granulator and conveying pipe, cooling subsystem include cooler and conveying pipe, and the finished product is stored the packing subsystem and is included finished product storehouse, conveying pipe, baling press and conveyer belt. The invention has the advantages that: the manual work is few, degree of automation is high, product quality is guaranteed, production efficiency is high.

Description

Automatic control system for biomass particle production line
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of control systems, in particular to an automatic control system for a biomass particle production line.
Background
Biomass refers to various organisms formed by photosynthesis, including all animals and plants and microorganisms. The biomass energy is the energy form that solar energy is stored in biomass in the form of chemical energy, is one of important energy sources which human beings rely on for survival, is the fourth largest energy source which is second to coal, petroleum and natural gas, and plays an important role in the whole energy system.
The production line of biomass particles has various processes, and many processes of the existing production line of biomass particles still need more manual work, so that the quality of products is easily adversely affected; meanwhile, more manpower is involved, so that biomass particles cannot be produced in a production line mode, and the production efficiency is limited.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to solve the technical problems and provides an automatic control system for a biomass particle production line, which has the advantages of less manual participation, high automation degree, guaranteed product quality and high production efficiency.
In order to solve the technical problems, the technical scheme provided by the invention is as follows: an automatic control system of a biomass particle production line comprises a crushing subsystem and a finished product storage and packaging subsystem, wherein the crushing subsystem is connected with a raw material screening subsystem, the raw material screening subsystem is connected with a drying subsystem, the drying subsystem is connected with a hot material receiving subsystem, the hot material receiving subsystem is connected with a granulating subsystem, the granulating subsystem is connected with a cooling subsystem, the cooling system is connected with a finished product storage and packaging subsystem, the crushing subsystem comprises a crusher and a conveying belt, the raw material sieving molecular system comprises a transport vehicle, a crusher and a conveying belt, the drying subsystem comprises a hot blast furnace, a dryer and a cloth bag dust remover, the hot material receiving subsystem comprises a feeding pipe and a storage tank, the granulating subsystem comprises a bin, a granulator and a feeding pipe, the cooling subsystem comprises a cooler and a feeding pipe, the finished product storage and packaging subsystem comprises a finished product bin, a feeding pipe, a packaging machine and a conveying belt.
The invention has the beneficial effects that: the automatic control system for the biomass particle production line comprises a crushing subsystem, a raw material screening subsystem, a drying subsystem, a hot material receiving subsystem, a granulating subsystem, a cooling subsystem and a finished product storing and packaging subsystem, wherein all the subsystems are connected through a conveying belt and a material pipe, so that the production of biomass particles forms a complete production line with high automation degree, the product quality is guaranteed, and the production efficiency is improved.
As an improvement, the granulator adopts a roller die extrusion molding machine.
As an improvement, a moisture adjusting device is arranged at the joint of the discharge port of the storage bin and the material pipe, and the moisture adjusting device comprises a moisture tester and a water spraying pipe.
As an improvement, a feeding port of the granulator is provided with a feeding amount adjusting device, and the feeding amount adjusting device comprises a feeding packing auger, a frequency converter and a current relay.
As the improvement, feed bin feed inlet department is equipped with automatic push pedal, automatic push pedal includes motor, speed reducer, chain and scraper blade.
As an improvement, the spray pipe is provided with an electromagnetic valve.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of an intelligent heat meter system with a partitioned temperature control function according to the invention.
Description of the drawings: 1. the device comprises a pulverizer, 2, a conveying belt, 3, a transport vehicle, 4, a screening machine, 5, a hot blast stove, 6, a drying machine, 7, a bag-type dust remover, 8, a feeding pipe, 9, a storage tank, 10, a storage bin, 11, a granulator, 12, a cooling machine, 13, a finished product bin, 14, a packaging machine, 15, a moisture adjusting device, 16, a feeding amount adjusting device, 17 and an automatic push plate.
Detailed Description
The invention provides an automatic control system for a biomass particle production line in specific implementation, which comprises a crushing subsystem and a finished product storing and packaging subsystem, wherein the crushing subsystem is connected with a raw material screening subsystem, the raw material screening subsystem is connected with a drying subsystem, the drying subsystem is connected with a hot material receiving subsystem, the hot material receiving subsystem is connected with a granulating subsystem, the granulating subsystem is connected with a cooling subsystem, the cooling system is connected with a finished product storing and packaging subsystem, the crushing subsystem comprises a crusher 1 and a conveying belt 2, the raw material screening subsystem comprises a transport vehicle 3, a screening machine 4 and a conveying belt 2, the drying subsystem comprises a hot blast stove 5, a drying machine 6 and a bag-type dust collector 7, the hot material receiving subsystem comprises a feeding pipe 8 and a storage tank 9, and the granulating subsystem comprises a storage bin 10, a storage bin, a conveying belt, a, Granulator 11 and conveying pipe 8, the cooling subsystem includes cooler 12 and conveying pipe 8, finished product storage baling subsystem includes finished product storehouse 13, conveying pipe 8, baling press 14 and conveyer belt 2.
The granulator 11 is a roller die extrusion molding machine, does not need external heating, and can soften and bond materials by means of friction heat generated during extrusion molding of the materials.
10 discharge gate of feed bin and the junction of material pipe are equipped with moisture adjusting device 15, moisture adjusting device 15 includes moisture tester and spray pipe, and the moisture content of material before moisture detector real-time detection pelletizes, spray pipe spray water in to the material for the water content of material is about 15%, convenient shaping.
The feed inlet of granulator 11 is equipped with feeding volume adjusting device 16, feeding volume adjusting device 16 includes feeding auger, converter and current relay, installs a current relay on granulator 11's main power supply line, and the converter on the current relay control feeding auger, when granulator 11 electric current does not have full load operation for a short time, the converter can increase the rotational speed by degrees automatically this moment, and too big as granulator 11's electric current, the converter can automatic rotational speed by degrees again to reach the purpose of feeding speed governing.
Feed inlet department of feed bin 10 is equipped with automatic push pedal 17, automatic push pedal includes motor, speed reducer, chain and scraper blade, and automatic push pedal 17 has reduced artifical intensity of labour with the powder delivery to the feed inlet, has reduced the diffusion of dust, has reduced the pollution of environment.
The electromagnetic valve is arranged on the water spraying pipe, and the water spraying quantity of the water spraying pipe is controlled by controlling the opening degree of the electromagnetic valve, so that the water content of the material is accurately adjusted.
The working principle of the invention is as follows: this living beings granule production line automatic control system adds the raw materials to rubbing crusher, smashes the back through rubbing crusher, sends the material to the screening machine through conveyer belt and transport vechicle, and after the screening machine screening, send to the hot-blast furnace through the conveyer belt and heat up, unnecessary moisture is got rid of to rethread desiccator, and the desiccator finishes the back to the material drying, sends to the storage tank through the conveying pipe and stores. When the granulating is needed, the material is fed into the storage bin through the feeding pipe and the automatic push plate, the moisture contained in the material is detected and adjusted through the moisture adjusting device and then is fed into the granulator, and the feeding speed is adjusted according to the production condition through the feeding quantity adjusting device at the inlet of the granulator. And after granulation is finished, the materials are sent into a finished product bin through a feeding pipe, the materials in the finished product bin are sent into a packing machine through the feeding pipe to be packed, and the biomass particles after packing are transported out through a transport line.
The above-mentioned embodiments are intended to illustrate the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention in further detail, and it should be understood that the above-mentioned embodiments are merely exemplary embodiments of the present invention, and are not intended to limit the scope of the present invention, and any modifications, equivalent substitutions, improvements and the like made within the spirit and principle of the present invention should be included in the scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. The utility model provides a living beings granule production line automatic control system, includes that crushing subsystem and finished product store the packing subsystem, its characterized in that: the raw material screening subsystem is connected to the crushing subsystem, the drying subsystem is connected to the raw material screening subsystem, the hot material receiving subsystem is connected to the drying subsystem, the granulating subsystem is connected to the hot material receiving subsystem, the cooling subsystem is connected to the granulating subsystem, the finished product storage and packaging subsystem is connected to the cooling system, the crushing subsystem comprises a crusher (1) and a conveying belt (2), the raw material screening subsystem comprises a transport vehicle (3), a screening machine (4) and a conveying belt (2), the drying subsystem comprises a hot blast stove (5), a drying machine (6) and a bag-type dust collector (7), the hot material receiving subsystem comprises a conveying pipe (8) and a storage tank (9), the granulating subsystem comprises a storage bin (10), a granulating machine (11) and a conveying pipe (8), and the cooling subsystem comprises a cooling machine (12) and a conveying pipe (8), the finished product storage and packaging subsystem comprises a finished product bin (13), a feeding pipe (8), a packaging machine (14) and a conveying belt (2).
2. The automatic control system of biomass particle production line according to claim 1, characterized in that: the granulator (11) adopts a roller die extrusion forming machine.
3. The automatic control system of biomass particle production line according to claim 1, characterized in that: the feed bin (10) discharge gate is equipped with moisture adjusting device (15) with the junction of material pipe, moisture adjusting device (15) include moisture tester and spray pipe.
4. The automatic control system of biomass particle production line according to claim 1, characterized in that: the feed inlet of granulator (11) is equipped with feeding volume adjusting device (16), feeding volume adjusting device (16) are including feeding auger, converter and current relay.
5. The automatic control system of biomass particle production line according to claim 1, characterized in that: feed bin (10) feed inlet department is equipped with automatic push pedal (17), automatic push pedal includes motor, speed reducer, chain and scraper blade.
6. The automatic control system of the biomass particle production line as claimed in claim 3, wherein: and the spray pipe is provided with an electromagnetic valve.
CN201910966757.9A 2019-10-12 2019-10-12 Automatic control system for biomass particle production line Pending CN110628482A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910966757.9A CN110628482A (en) 2019-10-12 2019-10-12 Automatic control system for biomass particle production line

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910966757.9A CN110628482A (en) 2019-10-12 2019-10-12 Automatic control system for biomass particle production line

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN110628482A true CN110628482A (en) 2019-12-31

Family

ID=68976138

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201910966757.9A Pending CN110628482A (en) 2019-10-12 2019-10-12 Automatic control system for biomass particle production line

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN110628482A (en)

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101555429A (en) * 2009-05-05 2009-10-14 农业部规划设计研究院 Processing method for biomass solid molding fuel
CN106281537A (en) * 2015-05-19 2017-01-04 天津市卓洋众利新能源科技有限公司 A kind of Making programme of biomass granule fuel
CN106893615A (en) * 2017-03-03 2017-06-27 湖北蓝焰生态能源有限公司 A kind of biomass molding fuel manufacture system equipment and technology
CN206927865U (en) * 2017-05-05 2018-01-26 湖北合加环境设备有限公司 RDF manufacturing systems based on high-pressure extrusion isolation technics

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101555429A (en) * 2009-05-05 2009-10-14 农业部规划设计研究院 Processing method for biomass solid molding fuel
CN106281537A (en) * 2015-05-19 2017-01-04 天津市卓洋众利新能源科技有限公司 A kind of Making programme of biomass granule fuel
CN106893615A (en) * 2017-03-03 2017-06-27 湖北蓝焰生态能源有限公司 A kind of biomass molding fuel manufacture system equipment and technology
CN206927865U (en) * 2017-05-05 2018-01-26 湖北合加环境设备有限公司 RDF manufacturing systems based on high-pressure extrusion isolation technics

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