CN110614423A - Welding method for building reinforcement cage - Google Patents

Welding method for building reinforcement cage Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110614423A
CN110614423A CN201910926281.6A CN201910926281A CN110614423A CN 110614423 A CN110614423 A CN 110614423A CN 201910926281 A CN201910926281 A CN 201910926281A CN 110614423 A CN110614423 A CN 110614423A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
roller
rib
winding
longitudinal
reinforcement cage
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Granted
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CN201910926281.6A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN110614423B (en
Inventor
储顺清
姜珊
刘真
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Anhui Enterprise Road Stone Engineering Technology Development Co Ltd
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Anhui Enterprise Road Stone Engineering Technology Development Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201910926281.6A priority Critical patent/CN110614423B/en
Publication of CN110614423A publication Critical patent/CN110614423A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K11/00Resistance welding; Severing by resistance heating
    • B23K11/06Resistance welding; Severing by resistance heating using roller electrodes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K11/00Resistance welding; Severing by resistance heating
    • B23K11/36Auxiliary equipment

Abstract

The invention belongs to the technical field of building construction, namely building material welding processing, and particularly relates to a welding method of a construction reinforcement cage, which comprises the following steps: winding the winding rib on the roller, and starting the longitudinal rib driving mechanism; when the end parts of the longitudinal ribs penetrate out of the end of the release mechanism of the roller, the release mechanism releases the winding ribs wound on the roller one by one and winds the winding ribs on each longitudinal rib; when the intersection point of the longitudinal bar and the winding bar passes through the welding machine, the welding machine welds the longitudinal bar and the winding bar; according to the invention, the winding ribs are wound on the traveling path of the longitudinal ribs in advance, then the spiral winding ribs are released to the longitudinal ribs one by one in the feeding process of the longitudinal ribs, and no matter the longitudinal rib conveying mechanism or the winding rib feeding mechanism needs to rotate in the welding process, so that the equipment structure is greatly simplified, the transportation and the installation are convenient, the automatic welding device is suitable for field operation, and the cost and the energy consumption of the automatic welding equipment for the reinforcement cage are greatly reduced.

Description

Welding method for building reinforcement cage
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of building construction, namely building material welding processing, and particularly relates to a welding method of a construction reinforcement cage.
Background
The steel reinforcement cage mainly has indulged the muscle, around muscle and stirrup constitution, wherein it is outside indulging the muscle to become the heliciform and convolute and weld in succession around the muscle, traditional steel reinforcement cage welding generally adopts the mode of mechanical winding manual welding to operate, some large-scale welding equipment that can accomplish whole welding procedure voluntarily have also appeared in the present stage, these equipment mainly divide into two types, one type is indulged the muscle and only walks and does not rotate, and it revolves and lasts to indulging the peripheral pay-off of muscle to coil around muscle material coiling, another type is indulged the muscle and is both walked and rotate, and it does not move to coil around the muscle, only in original place to indulging the peripheral pay. The two feeding modes have a common defect that the equipment structure is very complex, for the first mode, the weight of the bar material winding roll is less, hundreds of kilograms are more, and tons are more, a huge driving system is needed for leading the huge unit to rotate around the longitudinal bar, and meanwhile, in order to avoid vibration, a counterweight is also needed to be added on a rotating device, so that the equipment weight and the energy consumption are further increased; for the second mode, although the feeding mode of the winding rib becomes simple, the conveying mechanism of the longitudinal rib becomes more complex, and the feeding mechanism needs to be implemented and the longitudinal rib continuously rotates, so that the discharge end of the reinforcement cage needs to be provided with a synchronous rotating supporting mechanism to support the reinforcement cage, and the complexity of the system is further increased. Therefore, a reinforcement cage welding device which does not need to rotate is urgently needed to be designed.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a construction reinforcement cage welding method with simple operation and low energy consumption
The technical scheme adopted by the invention is as follows:
a welding method of a construction reinforcement cage adopts a reinforcement cage welding device to weld, the reinforcement cage welding device comprises a longitudinal reinforcement conveying mechanism, a reinforcement winding distribution mechanism and a welding machine, the longitudinal reinforcement conveying mechanism comprises a plurality of horizontally arranged longitudinal reinforcement channels and a longitudinal reinforcement driving mechanism used for driving longitudinal reinforcements to shuttle in the longitudinal reinforcement channels, and each longitudinal reinforcement channel is arranged in an annular array; the rib winding distribution mechanism is positioned on a conveying path of the longitudinal ribs and comprises a roller for winding the longitudinal ribs, the roller is rotatably arranged on the rack, a driving unit for driving the roller to rotate is arranged on the rack, and a central hole of the roller forms a channel for the longitudinal ribs to pass through; one end of the roller, namely the penetrating end of the longitudinal rib, is provided with a release mechanism for releasing the winding rib on the roller circle by circle and winding the released winding rib on the longitudinal rib; a wire feeding mechanism for conveying wound ribs to the roller is arranged beside the roller, a discharge port of the wire feeding mechanism is movably arranged along the axial direction of the roller, and a shearing mechanism for shearing the wound ribs is arranged at the discharge port; the welding machine is positioned at one end of the roller, namely the end through which the longitudinal rib penetrates out, and is used for welding the winding rib and the longitudinal rib into a whole; the method specifically comprises the following steps:
step 1: connecting the end part of a winding rib of a discharge hole of the wire feeding mechanism with the roller, driving the roller to rotate, continuously feeding wires by the wire feeding mechanism at the same time, winding the winding rib on the roller, stopping rotating the roller after winding the winding rib for a specified number of turns, and then cutting the winding rib from the discharge hole of the wire feeding mechanism;
step 2: sequentially inserting the longitudinal ribs into the longitudinal rib driving mechanism, and starting the longitudinal rib driving mechanism;
and step 3: when the end parts of the longitudinal ribs penetrate out of the end of the release mechanism of the roller, the release mechanism releases the winding ribs wound on the roller one by one and winds the winding ribs on each longitudinal rib;
and 4, step 4: when the intersection point of the longitudinal bar and the winding bar passes through the welding machine, the welding machine welds the longitudinal bar and the winding bar;
and 5: when the tail end of the longitudinal rib is separated from the longitudinal rib driving mechanism, the equipment is stopped, the steel reinforcement cage is drawn out from the longitudinal rib channel by using the trailer, and the welding of the steel reinforcement cage is completed.
In the step 1, the circumference of a single ring of wound ribs on the roller is consistent with the design circumference of a single ring of wound ribs of the reinforcement cage, and the number of turns of wound ribs on the roller is consistent with the number of design turns of wound ribs of the reinforcement cage.
The longitudinal rib driving mechanism comprises two sliding bases, the sliding bases are connected with the rack in a sliding mode along the length direction of the longitudinal rib channel, a piston cylinder used for driving the sliding bases to slide is arranged on the rack, and the moving directions of the two sliding bases are opposite all the time; the sliding base is provided with a plurality of pushing units in a circumferential array, the pushing units are arranged in one-to-one correspondence with the longitudinal rib channels, and the pushing units are assembled to clamp the longitudinal ribs when the pushing units move forwards and loosen the longitudinal ribs when the pushing units move backwards; in step 2, when the longitudinal ribs are inserted, the longitudinal ribs penetrate through the pushing units on the front sliding base at least.
A plurality of limiting rollers parallel to the axis of the roller are arranged around the roller, and the roller surface of each limiting roller and the roller surface of the roller are arranged at intervals, and the interval distance is greater than the diameter of each winding rib; the limiting roller is rotatably connected with the rack, and an external thread is arranged on the surface of the limiting roller; in the step 1, at least one half of the winding ribs close to the tail end on the roller are wound in the corresponding sections of the limiting rollers, so that the winding ribs can expand outwards under the action of self resilience force and abut against the surfaces of the limiting rollers after the winding ribs are sheared.
The release mechanism comprises a one-way tensioner arranged on the outer wall of the roller, the one-way tensioner is assembled in such a way that the winding rib can smoothly pass through the one-way tensioner when the winding rib passes through the side from the outer wall of the roller to the longitudinal rib, and the winding rib can be tensioned by the one-way tensioner when the winding rib passes through the side from the longitudinal rib to the outer wall of the roller; when the discharge port of the wire feeding mechanism is positioned at the longitudinal rib penetrating end of the roller, the winding rib discharged from the discharge port of the wire feeding mechanism can penetrate into the one-way strainer; in the step 1, the specific method for connecting the end part of the winding rib and the roller comprises the following steps: aligning a discharge port of the wire feeding mechanism with the one-way strainer, then starting the wire feeding mechanism, enabling the end part of the winding rib to penetrate through the one-way strainer, and stopping wire feeding of the wire feeding mechanism when the winding rib penetrates through the one-way strainer by 30-50 cm;
in the step 1, the linear speed on the outer wall keeps consistent with the wire feeding speed of the wire feeding mechanism when the roller rotates.
In the step 3, a specific method for releasing the winding rib by the release mechanism is as follows: the drive roller reverses, and the winding muscle on the roller is because from resilience and roller separation this moment, consequently not along with the roller reversal, and one-way strainer follows the roller reversal, passes one-way strainer and with indulging the muscle laminating under the pulling of indulging the muscle around the muscle.
The one-way strainer is rotatably connected with the roller, and the rotating shaft is vertical to the axis of the roller; in the step 3, before the winding rib begins to be released, the angle of the one-way strainer is adjusted according to the design pitch and the design diameter of the winding rib of the reinforcement cage, so that the channel direction of the one-way strainer is consistent with the path direction of the winding rib of the reinforcement cage.
The roller and each limit roller form transmission fit through a gear pair; and in the step 3, when the roller rotates for one circle, the winding rib feeds for one circle under the action of the external thread of the limiting roller.
The welding machine is movably arranged along the radial direction of the roller, and an electrode of the welding machine is positioned on a movement path of a cross point of the longitudinal rib and the winding rib; in the step 3, when the longitudinal rib penetrates out of the end part of the roller, the welding machine approaches to the longitudinal rib, and the electrode of the welding machine presses the end part of the winding rib penetrating out of the unidirectional strainer on the longitudinal rib and welds and fixes the winding rib and the longitudinal rib.
The invention has the technical effects that: according to the invention, the winding ribs are wound on the traveling path of the longitudinal ribs in advance, then the spiral winding ribs are released to the longitudinal ribs one by one in the feeding process of the longitudinal ribs, and no matter the longitudinal rib conveying mechanism or the winding rib feeding mechanism needs to rotate in the welding process, so that the equipment structure is greatly simplified, the transportation and the installation are convenient, the automatic welding device is suitable for field operation, and the cost and the energy consumption of the automatic welding equipment for the reinforcement cage are greatly reduced.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a perspective view of a reinforcement cage welding apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 2 is a front view of a reinforcement cage welding apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 3 is a top view of a reinforcement cage welding apparatus provided by an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view A-A of FIG. 3;
FIG. 5 is a cross-sectional view B-B of FIG. 3;
FIG. 6 is a cross-sectional view E-E of FIG. 5;
FIG. 7 is a cross-sectional view C-C of FIG. 3;
fig. 8 is a cross-sectional view taken along line D-D of fig. 3.
Detailed Description
In order that the objects and advantages of the invention will be more clearly understood, the following description is given in conjunction with the accompanying examples. It is to be understood that the following text is merely illustrative of one or more specific embodiments of the invention and does not strictly limit the scope of the invention as specifically claimed. It should be noted that the terms indicating the directions of the front, the rear, the head, and the tail are used in the present invention with reference to the feeding direction of the longitudinal bars, that is, the direction in which the longitudinal bars advance is the front and the head, and the direction opposite to the front and the head is the rear and the tail.
Example 1
As shown in fig. 1, 2 and 3, a reinforcement cage welding device includes a longitudinal bar conveying mechanism 20, a bar winding distribution mechanism 30 and a welding machine 40, where the longitudinal bar conveying mechanism 20 includes a plurality of longitudinal bar channels 21 horizontally arranged and a longitudinal bar driving mechanism 22 for driving longitudinal bars 1 to shuttle in the longitudinal bar channels 21, and each longitudinal bar channel 21 is arranged in an annular array; the rib winding distribution mechanism 30 is positioned on a conveying path of the longitudinal ribs, the rib winding distribution mechanism 30 comprises a roller 31 for winding the winding ribs 2, the roller 31 is rotatably arranged on the rack 10, a driving unit 34 for driving the roller 31 to rotate is arranged on the rack 10, the driving unit 34 is a motor, the motor and the roller 31 form transmission fit through a gear pair, and a central hole of the roller 31 forms a passage for the longitudinal ribs to pass through; one end of the roller 31, namely the penetrating end of the longitudinal rib, is provided with a release mechanism which is used for releasing the winding rib on the roller 31 circle by circle and winding the released winding rib on the longitudinal rib; a wire feeding mechanism 50 for conveying wound bars to the roller 31 is arranged beside the roller 31, a discharge port of the wire feeding mechanism 50 is movably arranged along the axial direction of the roller 31, a shearing mechanism for shearing the wound bars is arranged at the discharge port, and the shearing mechanism is an electric shearing pliers; the welding machine 40 is located at one end of the roller 31, namely the end through which the longitudinal rib penetrates, and the welding machine 40 is used for welding the winding rib and the longitudinal rib into a whole. According to the invention, the winding ribs are wound on the traveling path of the longitudinal ribs in advance, then the spiral winding ribs are released to the longitudinal ribs one by one in the feeding process of the longitudinal ribs, and no matter the longitudinal rib conveying mechanism 20 or the winding rib feeding mechanism needs to rotate in the welding process, so that the equipment structure is greatly simplified, the transportation and the installation are convenient, the automatic welding device for the reinforcement cage is suitable for field operation, and the cost and the energy consumption of the automatic welding device for the reinforcement cage are greatly reduced. It should be noted that the roller 31 of the present invention, although still having a rotating action, is substantially different from the prior art in nature, and the roller 31 of the present invention is neither connected to the longitudinal rib conveying mechanism 20 nor to the rib winding and feeding mechanism, and has significant advantages in both structure and energy consumption.
Preferably, as shown in fig. 4, the longitudinal rib driving mechanism 22 includes two sliding bases 23, the sliding bases 23 are slidably connected to the frame 10 along the length direction of the longitudinal rib channel 21, a piston cylinder for driving the sliding bases 23 to slide is disposed on the frame 10, and the moving directions of the two sliding bases 23 are always opposite; sliding base 23 is last to be provided with a plurality of propelling movement units 24 along circumference array, propelling movement unit 24 sets up with indulging muscle passageway 21 one-to-one, propelling movement unit 24 is assembled and can press from both sides tightly when propelling movement unit 24 moves forward indulge the muscle and can loosen when propelling movement unit 24 moves backward indulge the muscle. Specifically, the pushing unit 24 includes a sliding seat 241 and a sliding block 242, a channel through which the longitudinal rib passes is provided in the sliding block 242, the sliding block 242 is slidably provided in the sliding seat 241 along a direction parallel to the channel, two sides of the channel of the sliding block 242 are provided with clamping blocks 243, the two clamping blocks 243 are radially opened and closed along the channel, the two clamping blocks 243 are radially protruded to the outer side of the sliding block 242 along the channel of the sliding block 242 and are provided with wedge surfaces, an inner wall of the sliding seat 241 is provided with wedge driving surfaces parallel to the wedge surfaces, and when the sliding block 242 slides in a direction narrowing towards the wedge driving surfaces relative to the sliding seat 241, the wedge driving surfaces can squeeze the wedge surfaces to enable the clamping blocks 243 to approach to the channel center of the sliding block 242; an elastic unit 244 is further disposed between the slider 242 and the sliding base 241, the elastic unit 244 is a compression spring, and the elastic unit 244 is configured to enable the slider 242 to slide towards the direction of narrowing the wedge driving surface by its elastic force. The conventional longitudinal rib conveying mechanism 20 is generally a double-roller type conveyor, and has the defects that conveying rollers are generally narrow in roller distance and non-adjustable in roller distance in order to clamp longitudinal ribs as much as possible, so that the end parts of the longitudinal ribs are difficult to insert between the conveying rollers, in addition, the conveying rollers of the longitudinal ribs are difficult to ensure completely consistent speed, so that the feeding speeds of the longitudinal ribs are inconsistent, the front ends of the longitudinal ribs are welded into a whole, the conveying rollers are tightly meshed with the longitudinal ribs, and the longitudinal ribs cannot twist relative to the conveying rollers, so that partial longitudinal ribs can generate internal stress or even local deformation due to the asynchronous speed, and the mechanical property of a reinforcement cage is seriously influenced; the invention abandons the traditional double-roller conveying mechanism, adopts a brand-new one-way non-return type conveying mechanism, and has the advantages that when the longitudinal rib moves forwards relative to the pushing unit 24, the pushing unit 24 can automatically loosen the longitudinal rib, so that even if the individual pushing unit 24 cannot push the longitudinal rib to move forwards due to slipping, the longitudinal rib can be synchronously fed forwards under the driving of other longitudinal ribs, the generation of internal stress is avoided to the maximum extent, and the mechanical property of the reinforcement cage is improved.
Preferably, as shown in fig. 5, a plurality of limiting rollers 33 parallel to the axis of the roller 31 are arranged around the roller 31, and the roller surfaces of the limiting rollers 33 and the roller surface of the roller 31 are arranged at intervals, and the interval distance is greater than the diameter of a single winding rib; the limiting roller 33 is rotatably connected with the rack 10, and external threads are arranged on the roller surface of the limiting roller 33. After the winding rib is cut, the winding rib can expand outwards under the action of self resilience force, is abutted against the surfaces of the limiting rollers 33 and is separated from the outer wall of the roller 31, and at the moment, when the limiting rollers 33 rotate, threads on the surfaces of the limiting rollers can push the winding rib to feed forwards.
Preferably, as shown in fig. 8, the release mechanism comprises a one-way tensioner 32 disposed on the outer wall of the roller 31, the one-way tensioner 32 is configured such that the winding bar can smoothly pass through the one-way tensioner 32 when the winding bar is shuttled from the outer wall of the roller 31 to the side where the winding bar passes out, and the one-way tensioner 32 is tensioned when the winding bar is shuttled from the side where the winding bar passes out to the outer wall of the roller 31; when the discharge port of the wire feeding mechanism 50 is located at the longitudinal rib penetrating end of the roller 31, the winding rib discharged from the discharge port can penetrate into the one-way strainer 32. Specifically, the one-way tensioner 32 comprises a shell 321 and a core 322, a through hole for passing a winding rib is arranged in the core 322, two parallel press rollers 323 are arranged in the core 322, the axes of the two press rollers 323 are perpendicular to the axis of the through hole, the two press rollers 323 are respectively arranged on two sides of the through hole, the two press rollers 323 are movably arranged along the radial direction of the through hole, a first inclined surface is arranged on the outer wall of the core 322 and corresponds to the press rollers 323, the roller surface of the press rollers 323 protrudes out of the first inclined surface, the core 322 is movably arranged in the shell 321 along the direction parallel to the axis of the through hole, a second inclined surface parallel to the first inclined surface is arranged in the shell 321, and when the first inclined surface is attached to the second inclined surface, the second inclined surface can extrude the press rollers 323, so that the press rollers 323 approach to the center of the through hole; an elastic element 324 is further disposed between the core 322 and the shell 321, the elastic element 324 is configured such that an elastic force thereof can drive the first inclined surface to approach the second inclined surface, and the elastic element 324 is a compression spring. Aligning the discharge port of the wire feeding mechanism 50 with the one-way strainer 32, then starting the wire feeding mechanism 50 to enable the end part of the winding rib to pass through the one-way strainer 32, then starting the roller 31, and enabling the one-way strainer 32 to pull the front end of the winding rib to start to wind on the roller 31; after winding is finished and the winding rib is cut off, the roller 31 is driven to rotate reversely, the winding rib on the roller 31 is separated from the roller 31 due to self-resilience, the winding rib does not rotate along with the roller 31, the unidirectional tensioner 32 rotates along with the roller 31, the front end of the winding rib is welded with the longitudinal rib at the moment, and the winding rib penetrates through the unidirectional tensioner 32 under the traction of the longitudinal rib and is attached to the longitudinal rib.
Preferably, as shown in fig. 3, the one-way tensioner 32 is rotatably connected with the roller 31, and the rotating shaft is perpendicular to the axis of the roller 31; the two ends of the one-way strainer 32 are provided with a guide roller set 325, the guide roller set 325 comprises two pairs of rollers which are arranged vertically, and the two guide rollers of each pair of rollers are arranged at intervals to form a channel for the winding rib to pass through. Before the winding bar begins to be released, the angle of the one-way tensioner 32 is adjusted according to the design pitch and the design diameter of the winding bar of the reinforcement cage, so that the channel direction of the one-way tensioner is consistent with the path direction of the winding bar of the reinforcement cage.
Preferably, as shown in fig. 7, the roller 31 and each limit roller 33 form a transmission fit through a gear pair; the outer wall of the roller 31 is provided with a plurality of arc-shaped racks 311, the arc-shaped racks 311 are arranged at intervals along the circumferential direction of the roller 31, the arc-shaped racks 311 are arranged in a staggered mode along the axial direction of the roller 31, and each arc-shaped rack 311 and one limiting roller 33 are respectively provided with a gear 332 to form intermittent transmission fit.
Preferably, as shown in fig. 6, one end of the limiting roller 33 close to the longitudinal bar penetrating end of the roller drum 31 is provided with a first annular extension 331, a second annular extension 351 is arranged on the limiting roller bearing seat 35 at the end, the outer diameter of the second annular extension 351 is smaller than the inner diameter of the first annular extension 331, and the first annular extension 331 is sleeved outside the second annular extension 351 in a hollow manner, so that the winding bar can be prevented from being clamped in a gap between the limiting roller 33 and the bearing seat.
Preferably, the welding machine 40 is movably arranged along the radial direction of the roller 31, and the electrode of the welding machine 40 is positioned on the motion path of the intersection point of the longitudinal rib and the winding rib. The welder 40 of the invention can adopt a seam welder 40 or a clamp welder 40 in the prior art, and when the seam welder 40 is adopted, the seam welding disk 41 can be arranged in a rotating way along the circumferential direction of the reinforcement cage, so that the seam welding disk 41 can walk along the winding path of the wound reinforcement.
Example 2
A welding method for a construction reinforcement cage adopts the reinforcement cage welding device for welding, and specifically comprises the following steps:
step 1: connecting the end part of the winding rib at the discharge hole of the wire feeding mechanism 50 with the roller 31, then driving the roller 31 to rotate, simultaneously continuously feeding the wire by the wire feeding mechanism 50, winding the winding rib on the roller 31, stopping the rotation of the roller 31 after winding the winding rib for a specified number of turns, and then cutting the winding rib from the discharge hole of the wire feeding mechanism 50;
step 2: sequentially inserting the longitudinal ribs into the longitudinal rib driving mechanism 22, and starting the longitudinal rib driving mechanism 22;
and step 3: when the end of the longitudinal bar penetrates out of the end of the release mechanism of the roller 31, the release mechanism releases the winding bar wound on the roller 31 circle by circle and winds the winding bar on each longitudinal bar;
and 4, step 4: when the intersection point of the longitudinal bar and the winding bar passes through the welding machine 40, the welding machine 40 performs welding on the longitudinal bar and the winding bar;
and 5: when the tail end of the longitudinal rib is separated from the longitudinal rib driving mechanism 22, the equipment is stopped, the steel reinforcement cage is drawn out from the longitudinal rib channel 21 by using a trailer, and the welding of the steel reinforcement cage is completed.
In the step 1, the circumference of a single ring of the wound reinforcement on the roller 31 is consistent with the design circumference of a single ring of the reinforcement cage wound reinforcement, and the number of turns of the wound reinforcement on the roller 31 is consistent with the design number of turns of the reinforcement cage wound reinforcement.
In the step 2, when the longitudinal ribs are inserted, at least the longitudinal ribs penetrate through the pushing unit 24 on the front sliding base 23.
In the step 1, at least half of the winding ribs on the roller 31 close to the tail end are wound in the section corresponding to the limiting roller 33, so that the part of the winding ribs after being cut off can expand outwards under the action of self resilience force and is abutted against the surface of each limiting roller 33.
In the step 1, the specific method for connecting the end part of the winding rib and the roller 31 comprises the following steps: aligning the discharge port of the wire feeding mechanism 50 with the one-way strainer 32, then starting the wire feeding mechanism 50 to enable the end part of the winding rib to pass through the one-way strainer 32, and stopping wire feeding of the wire feeding mechanism 50 when the winding rib passes through the one-way strainer 30-50 cm;
in step 1, the linear speed of the outer wall of the roller 31 is consistent with the wire feeding speed of the wire feeding mechanism 50.
In the step 3, a specific method for releasing the winding rib by the release mechanism is as follows: the roller 31 is driven to rotate reversely, at the moment, the winding rib on the roller 31 is separated from the roller 31 due to self-resilience, so that the winding rib does not rotate reversely along with the roller 31, the unidirectional tensioner 32 rotates reversely along with the roller 31, and the winding rib passes through the unidirectional tensioner 32 under the traction of the longitudinal rib and is attached to the longitudinal rib.
In the step 3, before the winding rib begins to be released, the angle of the one-way tensioner 32 is adjusted according to the design pitch and the design diameter of the winding rib of the reinforcement cage, so that the channel direction of the one-way tensioner is consistent with the path direction of the winding rib of the reinforcement cage.
In the step 3, when the roller 31 rotates reversely for one circle, the winding rib feeds for one circle under the action of the external thread of the limiting roller 33.
In the step 3, when the longitudinal rib penetrates out of the end part of the roller 31, the welding machine 40 approaches to the longitudinal rib, and the electrode of the welding machine 40 presses the end part of the winding rib penetrating out of the unidirectional tensioner 32 on the longitudinal rib and welds and fixes the winding rib and the longitudinal rib.
The foregoing is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, and it should be noted that those skilled in the art can make various improvements and modifications without departing from the principle of the present invention, and these improvements and modifications should also be construed as the protection scope of the present invention. Structures, devices, and methods of operation not specifically described or illustrated herein are generally practiced in the art without specific recitation or limitation.

Claims (10)

1. A construction reinforcement cage welding method is characterized in that: welding by adopting a reinforcement cage welding device, wherein the reinforcement cage welding device comprises a longitudinal reinforcement conveying mechanism (20), a reinforcement winding distribution mechanism (30) and a welding machine (40), the longitudinal reinforcement conveying mechanism (20) comprises a plurality of horizontally arranged longitudinal reinforcement channels (21) and a longitudinal reinforcement driving mechanism (22) for driving longitudinal reinforcements to shuttle in the longitudinal reinforcement channels (21), and the longitudinal reinforcement channels (21) are arranged in an annular array; the rib winding distribution mechanism (30) is positioned on a conveying path of longitudinal ribs, the rib winding distribution mechanism (30) comprises a roller (31) for winding the longitudinal ribs, the roller (31) is rotatably arranged on the rack (10), a driving unit (34) for driving the roller (31) to rotate is arranged on the rack (10), and a central hole of the roller (31) forms a channel for the longitudinal ribs to pass through; one end of the roller (311), namely the penetrating end of the longitudinal rib, is provided with a releasing mechanism which is used for releasing the winding rib on the roller (31) circle by circle and winding the released winding rib on the longitudinal rib; a wire feeding mechanism (50) for conveying wound bars to the roller (31) is arranged beside the roller (31), a discharge port of the wire feeding mechanism (50) is movably arranged along the axial direction of the roller (31), and a shearing mechanism for shearing the wound bars is arranged at the discharge port; the welding machine (40) is positioned at one end of the roller (31), namely the end through which the longitudinal rib penetrates, and the welding machine (40) is used for welding the winding rib and the longitudinal rib into a whole; the method specifically comprises the following steps:
step 1: the end part of a winding rib of a discharge hole of the wire feeding mechanism (50) is connected with the roller (31), then the roller (31) is driven to rotate, meanwhile, the wire feeding mechanism (50) continuously feeds wires, the winding rib is wound on the roller (31), after the winding rib is wound for a specified number of turns, the roller (31) stops rotating, and then the winding rib is cut off from the discharge hole of the wire feeding mechanism (50);
step 2: sequentially inserting the longitudinal ribs into the longitudinal rib driving mechanism (22), and starting the longitudinal rib driving mechanism (22);
and step 3: when the end part of the longitudinal rib penetrates out of the end of the release mechanism of the roller (31), the release mechanism releases the winding rib wound on the roller (31) one by one and winds the winding rib on each longitudinal rib;
and 4, step 4: when the intersection point of the longitudinal bar and the winding bar passes through the welding machine (40), the welding machine (40) welds the longitudinal bar and the winding bar;
and 5: when the tail end of the longitudinal rib is separated from the longitudinal rib driving mechanism (22), the equipment is stopped, the steel reinforcement cage is drawn out from the longitudinal rib channel (21) by using a trailer, and the welding of the steel reinforcement cage is finished.
2. The construction reinforcement cage welding method according to claim 1, wherein: in the step 1, the circumference of a single ring of the wound reinforcement on the roller (31) is consistent with the design circumference of a single ring of the reinforcement cage wound reinforcement, and the number of the wound reinforcement on the roller (31) is consistent with the design number of the reinforcement cage wound reinforcement.
3. The construction reinforcement cage welding method according to claim 2, wherein: the longitudinal rib driving mechanism (22) comprises two sliding bases (23), the sliding bases (23) are connected with the rack (10) in a sliding mode along the length direction of the longitudinal rib channel (21), a piston cylinder used for driving the sliding bases (23) to slide is arranged on the rack (10), and the moving directions of the two sliding bases (23) are opposite all the time; the sliding base (23) is provided with a plurality of pushing units (24) in a circumferential array, the pushing units (24) are arranged in one-to-one correspondence with the longitudinal rib channels (21), and the pushing units (24) are assembled to clamp the longitudinal ribs when the pushing units (24) move forwards and to release the longitudinal ribs when the pushing units (241) move backwards; in the step 2, when the longitudinal ribs are inserted, at least the longitudinal ribs penetrate through the pushing units (24) on the front sliding base (23).
4. A construction reinforcement cage welding method according to claim 3, wherein: a plurality of limiting rollers (33) parallel to the axis of the roller (31) are arranged around the roller (31), and the roller surfaces of the limiting rollers (33) and the roller surface of the roller (31) are arranged at intervals, and the interval distance is greater than the diameter of a single winding rib; the limiting roller (33) is rotatably connected with the rack (10), and an external thread is arranged on the surface of the limiting roller (33); in the step 1, at least half of the winding ribs close to the tail end on the roller (31) are wound in the section corresponding to the limiting roller (33), so that the part of the winding ribs after being sheared can expand outwards under the action of self resilience force and is abutted against the surface of each limiting roller (33).
5. The construction reinforcement cage welding method according to claim 4, wherein: the release mechanism comprises a one-way tensioner (32) arranged on the outer wall of the roller (31), the one-way tensioner (32) is assembled to enable the winding rib to smoothly pass through the one-way tensioner (32) when the winding rib passes through the side shuttle from the outer wall of the roller (31) to the longitudinal rib, and to be tensioned by the one-way tensioner (32) when the winding rib passes through the outer wall of the lateral roller (31) from the longitudinal rib; when the discharge port of the wire feeding mechanism (50) is positioned at the longitudinal rib penetrating end of the roller (31), the winding rib discharged from the discharge port can penetrate into the one-way strainer (32); in the step 1, the concrete method for connecting the end part of the winding rib and the roller (31) comprises the following steps: aligning the discharge port of the wire feeding mechanism (50) with the one-way strainer (32), then starting the wire feeding mechanism (50), enabling the end part of the winding rib to penetrate through the one-way strainer (32), and stopping wire feeding of the wire feeding mechanism (50) when the winding rib penetrates through the one-way strainer by 30-50 cm.
6. The construction reinforcement cage welding method according to claim 5, wherein: in the step 1, the linear speed of the outer wall of the roller (31) is consistent with the wire feeding speed of the wire feeding mechanism (50) when the roller rotates.
7. The construction reinforcement cage welding method according to claim 5, wherein: in the step 3, a specific method for releasing the winding rib by the release mechanism is as follows: the roller (31) is driven to rotate reversely, at the moment, the winding rib on the roller (31) is separated from the roller (31) due to self-resilience, so that the winding rib does not rotate reversely along with the roller (31), the unidirectional tensioner (32) rotates reversely along with the roller (31), and the winding rib passes through the unidirectional tensioner (32) under the traction of the longitudinal rib and is attached to the longitudinal rib.
8. The construction reinforcement cage welding method according to claim 5, wherein: the one-way strainer (32) is rotatably connected with the roller (31), and the rotating shaft is vertical to the axis of the roller (31); in the step 3, before the winding rib begins to be released, the angle of the one-way tensioner (32) is adjusted according to the design pitch and the design diameter of the winding rib of the reinforcement cage, so that the channel direction of the one-way tensioner is consistent with the path direction of the winding rib of the reinforcement cage.
9. The construction reinforcement cage welding method according to claim 7, wherein: the roller (31) and each limit roller (33) form transmission fit through a gear pair; in the step 3, when the roller (31) rotates reversely for one circle, the winding rib is fed for one circle under the action of the external thread of the limiting roller (33).
10. The construction reinforcement cage welding method according to claim 5, wherein: the welding machine (40) is movably arranged along the radial direction of the roller (31), and an electrode of the welding machine (401) is positioned on a movement path of a cross point of the longitudinal rib and the winding rib; in the step 3, when the longitudinal rib penetrates out of the end part of the roller (31), the welding machine (40) approaches to the longitudinal rib, and the electrode of the welding machine (40) presses the end part of the winding rib penetrating out of the unidirectional strainer (32) on the longitudinal rib and welds and fixes the winding rib and the longitudinal rib.
CN201910926281.6A 2019-09-27 2019-09-27 Construction reinforcement cage welding method Active CN110614423B (en)

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CN203936514U (en) * 2014-06-30 2014-11-12 深圳市康振机械科技有限公司 Online docking reinforcing bar cage seam welding
CN105436360A (en) * 2016-01-25 2016-03-30 宁波交通工程建设集团有限公司 Half-shaft separation-type reinforcement cage making equipment and use method
CN207272407U (en) * 2017-09-05 2018-04-27 浙江双冠建材股份有限公司 A kind of ring muscle disk of pipe pile reinforcing bar skeleton seam welder
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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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CN2185176Y (en) * 1993-10-05 1994-12-14 郑宝英 Impulse wire feeder for welding
CN2333476Y (en) * 1998-03-31 1999-08-18 南京复合材料总厂水泥制品机械厂 Microcomputer control rolling welding machine for reinforced bar framework of reinforced concrete pile, pipe and bar
CN101274406A (en) * 2007-03-27 2008-10-01 雍巨工业有限公司 Helical reinforcement wheel welding and forming equipment and forming method thereof
CN101718090A (en) * 2009-11-16 2010-06-02 中冶天工建设有限公司 Process for constructing large-diameter steel reinforcement cage of steel reinforcement concrete grouting pile
CN201799767U (en) * 2010-09-28 2011-04-20 润弘精密工程事业股份有限公司 Spiral reinforcement wheel welding and forming device
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CN105436360A (en) * 2016-01-25 2016-03-30 宁波交通工程建设集团有限公司 Half-shaft separation-type reinforcement cage making equipment and use method
CN207272407U (en) * 2017-09-05 2018-04-27 浙江双冠建材股份有限公司 A kind of ring muscle disk of pipe pile reinforcing bar skeleton seam welder
CN208976706U (en) * 2018-08-30 2019-06-14 高州市新力水泥制品有限公司 A kind of reinforcing bar is looped device automatically

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