CN110612889A - A device for desert vegetation resumes - Google Patents

A device for desert vegetation resumes Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110612889A
CN110612889A CN201910996257.XA CN201910996257A CN110612889A CN 110612889 A CN110612889 A CN 110612889A CN 201910996257 A CN201910996257 A CN 201910996257A CN 110612889 A CN110612889 A CN 110612889A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
layer
straw
organic matrix
portions
matrix layer
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201910996257.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
羌峰
羌宁
羌烨晟
周杰
赵顺松
刘丹妮
苏卫忠
刘涛
李照海
曹翌奇
史天哲
陈淑敏
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Shanghai Zhongcheng Environmental Protection Engineering Technology Co Ltd
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Shanghai Zhongcheng Environmental Protection Engineering Technology Co Ltd
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Shanghai Zhongcheng Environmental Protection Engineering Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Shanghai Zhongcheng Environmental Protection Engineering Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN201910996257.XA priority Critical patent/CN110612889A/en
Publication of CN110612889A publication Critical patent/CN110612889A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • A01G24/10Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing inorganic material
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • A01G24/20Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing natural organic material
    • A01G24/22Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing natural organic material containing plant material
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • A01G24/40Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor characterised by their structure
    • A01G24/44Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor characterised by their structure in block, mat or sheet form
    • A01G24/46Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor characterised by their structure in block, mat or sheet form multi-layered
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G25/00Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like
    • A01G25/06Watering arrangements making use of perforated pipe-lines located in the soil

Abstract

The invention provides a device for recovering desert vegetation, which comprises straw layers, an organic matrix layer, water seepage pipes and a water pump, wherein the organic matrix layer is filled between the adjacent straw layers, one end of each water seepage pipe sequentially penetrates through each straw layer to convey water, and the other end of each water seepage pipe is connected with the water pump. The device adopts the water pump to send water to the infiltration pipe, utilize the infiltration pipe to give straw layer moisture of carrying, the straw layer can be fine keep moisture, simultaneously can be fine in rainy day remain the rainwater, and carry every layer of organic matrix layer with the rainwater comparatively even through infiltration effect, impel the seed to germinate and grow, simultaneously with organic matrix can be fine attached to the straw layer, in order to avoid the loss of organic matrix, final straw layer and organic matrix layer are through long-time decomposition, make the soil organize, improve desertification soil.

Description

A device for desert vegetation resumes
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of desert control, in particular to a device for recovering desert vegetation.
Background
China is one of the countries in the world with wide desertification land distribution, largest area and most serious harm, and in recent years, the desertification degree of China generally tends to rise, so that the desertification is caused by a plurality of reasons, such as: vegetation damage caused by long-term mining of mineral resources, excessive mining, excessive reclamation, excessive firewood mining, unreasonable water resource utilization and the like.
The existing desertification control technology mainly comprises a chemical method, an engineering method and a biological method, wherein the methods respectively make certain progress in desertification land control and vegetation recovery from different angles, but the methods completely establish irrigation pipelines for recovering the vegetation of the desertification land, are realized by water delivery and have high cost; in addition, the method of waiting for rainfall is not consistent with the climate of the desertification area, even the related equipment can cause secondary pollution to the environment, and the effective control of the desertification is difficult to realize.
Under the condition that the requirement for environmental protection is increasingly improved, desertification control and vegetation restoration are particularly important, and the design of the ecological desert vegetation restoration device is the development trend of environmental protection, and the ecological desert vegetation restoration device can properly protect and restore vegetation, can restore desert land after a period of time, prevent the occurrence of a desertification aggravation phenomenon and reduce the influence on the ecological environment.
Therefore, how to provide a device for recovering desert vegetation is a problem that needs to be solved urgently by those skilled in the art.
Disclosure of Invention
In view of the above, the invention provides a device for recovering desert vegetation, which greatly improves the survival rate of planting in desert lands, is convenient to use and has important significance for improving the desert lands.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention adopts the following technical scheme:
the utility model provides a device for desert vegetation resumes, includes straw layer, organic matrix layer, infiltration pipe and water pump, wherein organic matrix layer is filled in adjacent between the straw layer, infiltration pipe one end is passed each straw layer in proper order and is used for carrying moisture, the other end with the water pump is connected.
According to the invention, water is delivered from the reservoir to the water seepage pipe by the water pump, and the water is delivered to the straw layer woven by the straw by the water seepage pipe, so that the straw layer can well keep water, and meanwhile, the rainwater stored in the reservoir can be directly used for irrigation. In addition, the straw layers can absorb and store water in rainy days, and rainwater is uniformly conveyed to the organic matrix layers of each layer through the infiltration effect.
Finally, the straw layer and the organic matrix layer are decomposed for a long time, so that the land is organized, the desertified land is improved, the vegetation of the desertified land is quickly recovered, and the method is widely applied to ecological construction engineering.
Preferably, in the desert vegetation recovery device, the organic matrix layer consists of 5-10 parts of granular soil and 8-15 parts of Hoagland's solution.
The beneficial effects of the above technical scheme are: the proportion of the organic matrix layer can well promote the germination and growth of grass seeds. If the proportion of the Hoagland solution is too high, the grass seeds lose too much water and are difficult to survive; if the proportion of Hoagland's solution is too small, the grass seeds are difficult to germinate due to insufficient nutrition.
Preferably, in the above desert vegetation recovery device, the granular soil is prepared by mixing 100% of clay and Hoagland's solution in a mass ratio of 1:1, and sintering at 900 ℃ under 800-.
The beneficial effects of the above technical scheme are: the inside of the sintered granular soil is in the form of porous small blocky granules. If the firing temperature is too high, the porosity of the granular soil is greatly reduced; if the firing temperature is too low, the compressive strength is lowered and the material is easily deformed.
Preferably, in the above desert vegetation recovery device, the hodgkin's solution is composed of the following raw materials in parts by weight: 360 portions of calcium nitrate 340-class, 280 portions of potassium nitrate 250-class, 50-60 portions of ammonium phosphate, 210 portions of magnesium sulfate 195-class, 8-14 portions of iron salt solution and 0.5-2 portions of trace elements.
The beneficial effects of the above technical scheme are: the Hoagland liquid prepared according to the proportion meets the conditions of germination and growth of grass seeds, so that the grass seeds can better germinate and grow in the organic matrix layer.
Preferably, in the above desert vegetation recovery device, the organic matrix layer further comprises plant seeds, and the plant seeds are contained in the granular soil.
The beneficial effects of the above technical scheme are: under the action of the organic matrix layer, the plant seeds contained in the organic matrix layer are promoted to germinate and grow, and the vegetation of the desertified land is quickly recovered.
Preferably, in one of the above desert vegetation recovery devices, the plant seeds include, but are not limited to, grass, zoysia, agrostis, festuca arundinacea, pennisetum, elymus, paspalum distichum and white clover.
The beneficial effects of the above technical scheme are:
preferably, in the desert vegetation recovery device, the straw layers are woven by crop straws of wheat, rice, corn and the like, and the straw layers are fixed through bamboo anchoring parts. Specifically, bamboo anchoring parts are arranged on the straw layer in the transverse direction and the longitudinal direction at intervals of 70-90cm for fixing.
According to the technical scheme, compared with the prior art, the device for recovering desert vegetation disclosed by the invention has the advantages that when raining, the straw layer can well absorb, store and seep water, so that the rainwater can be stored and seeped in the device to the maximum extent, and meanwhile, the organic matrix can be well attached to the straw layer, so that the loss of the organic matrix is avoided;
under the action of the organic matrix layer, the germination and growth of plant seeds contained in the organic matrix layer are promoted, the vegetation of the desertified land is quickly recovered, and the straw layer and the organic matrix layer can organize the land to improve the desertified land by long-time decomposition;
meanwhile, the straw layer and the organic matrix layer are combined to well treat agricultural solid wastes, especially straw wastes and other substances, so that the effects of environmental protection and energy conservation are achieved, the damaged natural environment is restored and repaired by ecological means, the total runoff amount, runoff pollution and the like are effectively controlled, and the method has the advantages of low cost and good effect, and is suitable for most desertification lands.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present invention or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings used in the description of the embodiments or the prior art will be briefly described below, it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only embodiments of the present invention, and for those skilled in the art, other drawings can be obtained according to the provided drawings without creative efforts.
Fig. 1 is a schematic overall structure diagram of the invention.
Wherein, 1 is a straw layer, 2 is an organic matrix layer, 3 is a water seepage pipe, and 4 is a water pump.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
The traditional desertification control method completely establishes an irrigation pipeline, and causes secondary pollution to the environment by too high water delivery cost or only waiting for the rainfall not to accord with the climate of the desertification area, even the related equipment and devices. The device for recovering the vegetation in the desert does not completely depend on water delivery and rainfall, and simultaneously, the raw materials are finally rotted to form natural organic soil which is beneficial to the growth of the vegetation.
The embodiment of the invention discloses a device for recovering desert vegetation, which comprises straw layers 1, organic matrix layers 2, water seepage pipes 3 and a water pump 4, wherein the organic matrix layers 2 are filled between the adjacent straw layers 1, one end of each water seepage pipe 3 sequentially penetrates through each straw layer 1 for conveying water, and the other end of each water seepage pipe is connected with the water pump 4.
In order to optimize the technical scheme, the organic matrix layer 2 consists of clay and Hoagland's solution, and the proportion of the clay to the Hoagland's solution is (5-10): (8-15).
In order to optimize the technical scheme, the granular soil is prepared by mixing 100% of clay and Hoagland's solution according to the mass ratio of 1:1, and sintering at the high temperature of 800-900 ℃ until the surface is iron red.
In order to optimize the technical scheme, the Hoagland's solution is prepared from the following raw materials in parts by weight: 360 portions of calcium nitrate 340-class, 280 portions of potassium nitrate 250-class, 50-60 portions of ammonium phosphate, 210 portions of magnesium sulfate 195-class, 8-14 portions of iron salt solution and 0.5-2 portions of trace elements.
In order to optimize the above technical solution, the organic matrix layer 2 further comprises plant seeds, and the plant seeds are contained in the granular soil.
In order to optimize the above technical solution, the plant seeds include, but are not limited to, small grass, zoysia, glume grass, festuca arundinacea, pennisetum, elymus, paspalum broadsheet, and white clover.
In order to optimize the technical scheme, the straw layers 1 are woven by crop straws, and the straw layers 1 are fixed through bamboo anchoring parts.
The working principle of the desert vegetation recovery device provided by the invention is as follows:
lay the device on desertification's soil with the tiling, the cistern impounds when raining, also can play the irrigation effect simultaneously. Adopt the water pump to send water to the infiltration pipe from the cistern, utilize the infiltration pipe to give the straw layer of weaving with the straw and carry moisture, the straw layer can be fine keep moisture, simultaneously in rainy day can be fine remain the rainwater to through the infiltration effect with the comparatively even organic matrix layer of carrying in every layer of straw layer of rainwater, impel the seed to germinate and grow. Organic matrix can also be fine adhere to on the straw layer to avoid the loss of organic matrix, finally straw layer and organic matrix layer are through long-time decomposition, make the soil organic, improve desertification soil.
The embodiments in the present description are described in a progressive manner, each embodiment focuses on differences from other embodiments, and the same and similar parts among the embodiments are referred to each other. The device disclosed by the embodiment corresponds to the method disclosed by the embodiment, so that the description is simple, and the relevant points can be referred to the method part for description.
The previous description of the disclosed embodiments is provided to enable any person skilled in the art to make or use the present invention. Various modifications to these embodiments will be readily apparent to those skilled in the art, and the generic principles defined herein may be applied to other embodiments without departing from the spirit or scope of the invention. Thus, the present invention is not intended to be limited to the embodiments shown herein but is to be accorded the widest scope consistent with the principles and novel features disclosed herein.

Claims (7)

1. The utility model provides a device for desert vegetation resumes, its characterized in that, includes straw layer (1), organic matrix layer (2), infiltration pipe (3) and water pump (4), wherein organic matrix layer (2) are filled in adjacently between straw layer (1), infiltration pipe (3) one end passes each straw layer (1) in proper order and is used for carrying moisture, the other end with water pump (4) are connected.
2. The desert vegetation recovery device of claim 1, wherein the organic matrix layer (2) is composed of granular soil and Hoagland's liquid, and the mass ratio of the granular soil to the Hoagland's liquid is (5-10): (8-15).
3. The desert vegetation recovery device of claim 2, wherein the granular soil is prepared by mixing 100% clay and Hoagland's solution at a mass ratio of 1:1, and sintering at a high temperature of 800-.
4. The desert vegetation recovery device of claim 2 or 3, wherein the Hoagland's solution is composed of the following raw materials in parts by weight: 360 portions of calcium nitrate 340-class, 280 portions of potassium nitrate 250-class, 50-60 portions of ammonium phosphate, 210 portions of magnesium sulfate 195-class, 8-14 portions of iron salt solution and 0.5-2 portions of trace elements.
5. The desert vegetation recovery device of claim 2, wherein the organic matrix layer (2) further comprises plant seeds contained in the granular soil.
6. The apparatus of claim 5, wherein said plant seeds include, but are not limited to, grass, zoysia, glume grass, festuca arundinacea, pennisetum alopecuroides, elymus foenum-graecum, paspalum distichum and white clover.
7. The desert vegetation recovery device of claim 1, wherein the straw layers (1) are woven from crop straws, and a plurality of the straw layers (1) are fixed to each other by bamboo anchors.
CN201910996257.XA 2019-10-18 2019-10-18 A device for desert vegetation resumes Pending CN110612889A (en)

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CN201910996257.XA CN110612889A (en) 2019-10-18 2019-10-18 A device for desert vegetation resumes

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104196006A (en) * 2014-08-30 2014-12-10 武汉橄石代环境资源科技有限公司 Desertification soil treatment method
CN205100229U (en) * 2015-11-12 2016-03-23 北京师范大学 Slow down novel ecological bag that weather domatic soil in xeothermic river valley desertified
CN205623407U (en) * 2016-04-25 2016-10-12 南京元景园林有限公司 Plant bag
CN107006288A (en) * 2017-03-31 2017-08-04 西南科技大学 A kind of raw matrix module of the compound plant of rice straw administered for Desertification Soil
CN208353851U (en) * 2018-05-31 2019-01-11 中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所 A kind of inferior soil terre verte vegetation ecological reconstructs the internal structure of an organization

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104196006A (en) * 2014-08-30 2014-12-10 武汉橄石代环境资源科技有限公司 Desertification soil treatment method
CN205100229U (en) * 2015-11-12 2016-03-23 北京师范大学 Slow down novel ecological bag that weather domatic soil in xeothermic river valley desertified
CN205623407U (en) * 2016-04-25 2016-10-12 南京元景园林有限公司 Plant bag
CN107006288A (en) * 2017-03-31 2017-08-04 西南科技大学 A kind of raw matrix module of the compound plant of rice straw administered for Desertification Soil
CN208353851U (en) * 2018-05-31 2019-01-11 中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所 A kind of inferior soil terre verte vegetation ecological reconstructs the internal structure of an organization

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