CN110599075A - Warehouse goods turnover management device, system, method and storage medium - Google Patents

Warehouse goods turnover management device, system, method and storage medium Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110599075A
CN110599075A CN201810598750.1A CN201810598750A CN110599075A CN 110599075 A CN110599075 A CN 110599075A CN 201810598750 A CN201810598750 A CN 201810598750A CN 110599075 A CN110599075 A CN 110599075A
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China
Prior art keywords
goods
shelf
inventory
warehouse
request
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CN201810598750.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李玮
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Beijing Jingdong Century Trading Co Ltd
Beijing Jingdong Shangke Information Technology Co Ltd
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Beijing Jingdong Century Trading Co Ltd
Beijing Jingdong Shangke Information Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201810598750.1A priority Critical patent/CN110599075A/en
Publication of CN110599075A publication Critical patent/CN110599075A/en
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06QDATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS OR METHODS, SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G06Q10/00Administration; Management
    • G06Q10/08Logistics, e.g. warehousing, loading, distribution or shipping; Inventory or stock management, e.g. order filling, procurement or balancing against orders
    • G06Q10/087Inventory or stock management, e.g. order filling, procurement, balancing against orders

Abstract

The invention discloses a warehouse goods turnover management device, system, method and storage medium, and relates to the technical field of logistics. Warehouse goods turnover management device includes: the request analysis module is configured to determine the goods attribute and the inventory operation position related to the inventory operation request according to the inventory operation request; the shelf selection module is configured to select a shelf from the alternative shelves according to the goods attributes, wherein the inventory operation request is a goods inspection request, the inventory operation position related to the goods inspection request is a goods inspection workstation, and the alternative shelf is a goods receiving shelf, or the inventory operation request is a goods replenishment request, the inventory operation position related to the goods replenishment request is a goods replenishment workstation, and the alternative shelf is the inventory shelf; a transmitting module configured to transmit the identification of the selected rack and the inventory operating location to the handling device. Therefore, the warehousing efficiency and the subsequent order fulfillment efficiency are improved, and the cargo processing efficiency is improved.

Description

Warehouse goods turnover management device, system, method and storage medium
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of logistics, in particular to a warehouse goods turnover management device, system, method and storage medium.
Background
In the current logistics warehousing and order fulfillment system, due to the characteristics of large warehouse body, fast inventory change, multiple types of inventory goods, large quantity, large inventory request quantity and the like, slow response when a large number of different inventory requests are responded may cause the overstock of inventory requests to be continuously increased, thereby causing great challenges to timely fulfillment. The efficiency of the ex-warehouse picking link in the fulfillment process is closely related to the warehousing and replenishment efficiency of the commodities and the distribution situation of the commodities, and depends on the storage space of the requested commodities to a great extent.
The traditional manual logistics warehouse warehousing goods inspection and replenishment operation is in a human-to-shelf mode. For the fixed goods shelf, after receiving and checking the goods, the goods are manually transported to a storage area for temporary storage or a stock goods shelf in the stock area for replenishment and loading. In most cases, a mobile operator needs to search the storage position of the pre-replenishment commodity in extensive inventory storage according to the pre-replenishment commodity, and manually transport the pre-replenishment commodity to an inventory shelf for replenishment; for the mobile inventory goods shelf, the pre-replenishment goods after receiving and checking are manually transported to the place where the mobile inventory goods shelf is parked, and then replenishment is carried out by a fixed operator according to the replenishment request.
Disclosure of Invention
After the inventor analyzes the related technology, the inventor finds that the traditional manual logistics distribution warehouse entry mode needs to be walked to a stock goods position or a movable goods shelf replenishment parking place by an operator, the work is time-consuming and labor-consuming, errors are easy to occur, and the work efficiency is low.
The embodiment of the invention aims to solve the technical problem that: how to improve the efficiency of goods handling in warehouses.
According to a first aspect of some embodiments of the present invention, there is provided a warehouse freight turnover management device, including: the request analysis module is configured to determine the goods attribute and the inventory operation position related to the inventory operation request according to the inventory operation request; the shelf selection module is configured to select a shelf from the alternative shelves according to the goods attributes, wherein the inventory operation request is a goods inspection request, the inventory operation position related to the goods inspection request is a goods inspection workstation, and the alternative shelf is a goods receiving shelf, or the inventory operation request is a goods replenishment request, the inventory operation position related to the goods replenishment request is a goods replenishment workstation, and the alternative shelf is the inventory shelf; and the sending module is configured to send the identification of the selected shelf and the inventory operation position to the carrying equipment so that the carrying equipment carries the selected shelf to the inventory operation position for inventory operation.
In some embodiments, the request analysis module is further configured to determine, from the replenishment request, the property of the good and the replenishment workstation to which the replenishment request relates; the shelf selection module is further configured to select a shelf from the alternative receiving shelves, a shelf from the alternative storage shelves, respectively, based on the cargo attribute; the transmitting module is further configured to transmit the identification of the selected receiving shelf and the information of the replenishment workstation to the first handling device, and transmit the identification of the selected inventory shelf and the information of the replenishment workstation to the second handling device, so that the first handling device handles the selected receiving shelf to the replenishment workstation to provide the goods on the receiving shelf for replenishment, and the second handling device handles the selected inventory shelf to the replenishment workstation to receive the replenished goods.
In some embodiments, the cargo attribute is a turnover rate of the cargo; the shelf selection module is further configured to select a shelf based on the shelf turnover rate of the alternate shelf and the turnover rate of the item referenced by the inventory action request.
In some embodiments, the shelf selection module is further configured to determine a turnover rate of the items based on a frequency of occurrence of the items in the out-of-warehouse pick requests.
In some embodiments, the goods attribute is associated goods of the goods, wherein the frequency of the goods and the associated goods appearing together in the same order is greater than a preset threshold; the shelf selection module is further configured to select a shelf based on how well the items on the alternate shelf match the associated items of the items to which the inventory operation request relates.
In some embodiments, the sending module is further configured to send the transfer destination to the handling apparatus carrying the rack in response to the end of the inventory operation of the rack, so that the handling apparatus carries the rack carried to the transfer destination.
In some embodiments, the warehouse freight turnover management apparatus further comprises: and the destination determining module is configured to determine a sub-region corresponding to the turnover rate of the shelf carried by the conveying equipment in the shelf storage region as the conveying destination, wherein the shelf storage region comprises a plurality of sub-regions, and the turnover rate of the shelf in each sub-region belongs to the same turnover rate range.
According to a second aspect of some embodiments of the present invention, there is provided a warehouse goods turnover system, comprising: any one of the warehouse goods turnover management devices; and a handling device configured to handle the selected shelf to the inventory operation location for the inventory operation based on the identification of the selected shelf and the inventory operation location.
In some embodiments, the handling apparatus is further configured to place itself in the in-task state in response to receiving the identification of the selected shelf and the inventory operating position sent by the warehouse freight turnover management device; setting the shelf to be in an idle state in response to putting down the shelf; and reporting the state to a warehouse goods turnover management device.
In some embodiments, the handling apparatus is further configured to park in a shelf storage location or charge in a charging area when in an idle state.
In some embodiments, the warehouse goods turnover system further comprises any one or both of the following racks: the goods receiving shelf is stored in the goods keeping area and used for receiving goods from the goods inspection workstation to bear the goods subjected to the goods inspection; and the inventory shelves are stored in the commodity inventory area and used for receiving the goods from the replenishment work station to carry the goods to be picked.
In some embodiments, the warehouse goods turnover system further comprises: a mechanical handling device, located at the inventory handling location, configured to perform an inventory handling on the goods.
According to a third aspect of some embodiments of the present invention, there is provided a warehouse goods turnover method, including: determining the goods attribute and the inventory operation position related to the inventory operation request according to the inventory operation request; selecting a shelf from the alternative shelves according to the goods attribute, wherein the inventory operation request is a goods inspection request, the inventory operation position related to the goods inspection request is a goods inspection workstation, and the alternative shelf is a goods receiving shelf, or the inventory operation request is a goods replenishment request, the inventory operation position related to the goods replenishment request is a goods replenishment workstation, and the alternative shelf is a goods storage shelf; and sending the identification of the selected shelf and the inventory operation position to the carrying equipment so that the carrying equipment can carry the selected shelf to the inventory operation position for inventory operation.
In some embodiments, the cargo attribute and the replenishment workstation involved in the replenishment request are determined according to the replenishment request; selecting a shelf from the alternative receiving shelves and a shelf from the alternative storage shelves according to the goods attributes; transmitting the identification of the selected receiving shelf and the information of the replenishment work station to the first carrying device so that the first carrying device carries the selected receiving shelf to the replenishment work station to provide the goods for replenishment on the receiving shelf; the identification of the selected inventory shelf and the information of the restocking workstation are transmitted to the second handling device so that the second handling device can carry the selected inventory shelf to the restocking workstation to receive the restocked goods.
In some embodiments, the cargo attribute is a turnover rate of the cargo; the shelf is selected based on the shelf turnover rate of the alternate shelf and the turnover rate of the goods involved in the inventory action request.
In some embodiments, the warehouse cargo transferring method further comprises: and determining the turnover rate of the goods according to the occurrence frequency of the goods in the warehouse-out picking requests.
In some embodiments, the goods attribute is associated goods of the goods, wherein the frequency of the goods and the associated goods appearing together in the same order is greater than a preset threshold; the shelf is selected based on how well the items on the alternate shelf match the associated items of the items to which the inventory action request relates.
In some embodiments, the warehouse cargo transferring method further comprises: and determining a sub-region corresponding to the turnover rate of the shelf carried by the carrying equipment in the shelf storage region as a carrying destination, wherein the shelf storage region comprises a plurality of sub-regions, and the turnover rate of the shelf in each sub-region belongs to the same turnover rate range.
In some embodiments, the warehouse cargo transferring method further comprises: in response to the end of the stock operation of the rack, the conveyance destination is sent to the conveyance apparatus carrying the rack so that the conveyance apparatus conveys the rack carried to the conveyance destination.
In some embodiments, the warehouse cargo transferring method further comprises: and receiving the state reported by the carrying equipment, wherein the carrying equipment sets the carrying equipment to be in-task state in response to receiving the selected shelf identifier and the inventory operation position sent by the processor, and sets the carrying equipment to be in idle state in response to putting down the shelf.
In some embodiments, the warehouse cargo transferring method further comprises: the handling device is parked in a shelf storage position or charged in a charging area when in an idle state.
According to a fourth aspect of some embodiments of the present invention, there is provided a warehouse freight turnover management device, including: a memory; and a processor coupled to the memory, the processor configured to perform any of the aforementioned warehouse commodity circulation methods based on instructions stored in the memory.
According to a fifth aspect of some embodiments of the present invention, there is provided a computer readable storage medium, on which a computer program is stored, wherein the program is configured to implement any one of the aforementioned warehouse goods turnover methods when executed by a processor.
Some embodiments of the above invention have the following advantages or benefits: according to the embodiment of the invention, the goods shelf to be transported and the inventory operation position can be automatically determined according to the inventory operation request, so that the transporting equipment can be instructed to autonomously transport the goods shelf to the inventory operation position for inventory operation, the warehousing inventory operation in a goods-to-people mode is realized, the warehousing efficiency is improved, the subsequent order fulfillment efficiency is also improved, and the overall goods processing efficiency is improved.
Other features of the present invention and advantages thereof will become apparent from the following detailed description of exemplary embodiments thereof, which proceeds with reference to the accompanying drawings.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present invention or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings used in the description of the embodiments or the prior art will be briefly described below, it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the present invention, and for those skilled in the art, other drawings can be obtained according to the drawings without creative efforts.
Fig. 1 is an exemplary flow chart of a warehouse cargo turnaround method according to some embodiments of the invention.
Fig. 2A and 2B are exemplary flow charts of warehouse cargo turnaround methods according to further embodiments of the present invention.
Fig. 3A, 3B, and 3C are exemplary flow diagrams of shelf selection methods according to some embodiments of the invention.
Fig. 4A and 4B are exemplary flow diagrams of shelf selection methods according to further embodiments of the invention.
FIG. 5 is an exemplary flow diagram of a shelf selection method according to further embodiments of the invention.
Fig. 6A, 6B, 6C are exemplary flow diagrams of a method for carrier status update according to some embodiments of the invention.
Fig. 7 is a schematic diagram of a warehouse goods turnover scenario, according to some embodiments of the invention.
Fig. 8A and 8B are exemplary flow charts of warehouse good turnaround methods according to further embodiments of the present invention.
Fig. 9A, 9B are exemplary block diagrams of warehouse goods turnover systems according to some embodiments of the invention.
Fig. 10 is an exemplary block diagram of a warehouse freight turnover management apparatus according to some embodiments of the invention.
Fig. 11 is an exemplary block diagram of a warehouse freight turnover management apparatus according to further embodiments of the present invention.
Fig. 12 is an exemplary block diagram of a warehouse freight turnover management apparatus in accordance with further embodiments of the present invention.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. The following description of at least one exemplary embodiment is merely illustrative in nature and is in no way intended to limit the invention, its application, or uses. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
The relative arrangement of the components and steps, the numerical expressions and numerical values set forth in these embodiments do not limit the scope of the present invention unless specifically stated otherwise.
Meanwhile, it should be understood that the sizes of the respective portions shown in the drawings are not drawn in an actual proportional relationship for the convenience of description.
Techniques, methods, and apparatus known to those of ordinary skill in the relevant art may not be discussed in detail but are intended to be part of the specification where appropriate.
In all examples shown and discussed herein, any particular value should be construed as merely illustrative, and not limiting. Thus, other examples of the exemplary embodiments may have different values.
It should be noted that: like reference numbers and letters refer to like items in the following figures, and thus, once an item is defined in one figure, further discussion thereof is not required in subsequent figures.
Fig. 1 is an exemplary flow chart of a warehouse cargo turnaround method according to some embodiments of the invention. As shown in fig. 1, the warehouse goods turnaround method of this embodiment includes steps S102 to S108.
In step S102, the goods attribute and the stock operation position related to the stock operation request are determined according to the stock operation request. In addition, information such as the type of the warehousing container, the type of the shelf and the like can be determined based on the cargo attributes. The inventory operation request may be, for example, a goods inspection request or a goods replenishment request, and the request may include a request type, and may further include an identification of goods to be subjected to inventory operation or an identification of a goods type. In some embodiments, the location of the inspection station may be determined from the inspection request, or the location of the replenishment station may be determined from the replenishment request, and so forth.
In the stock operation position, the stock operation may be performed manually, or may be performed by a mechanical operation device such as a robot arm. When there are a plurality of inventory operation positions that can satisfy the inventory operation request, one of these inventory operation positions may be selected.
The item attribute to which the inventory action request relates refers to an item attribute of the item for which the inventory action request is directed. For example, if the purpose of the inventory operation is to check the goods a, the property of the goods involved in the inventory operation request is the property associated with the goods a. The cargo attributes may be, for example, the type of cargo, turnover rate, degree of association between different cargos, demand amount, and the like.
An operator of some equipment in the warehouse may manually enter inventory requests using a keyboard connected to the warehouse tote management facility, which may also receive inventory requests from remote components over a network connection. In addition, the warehouse turnaround management device may also trigger certain operations based on a predetermined schedule or in response to certain specific events and generate inventory requests accordingly.
In step S104, a shelf is selected from the candidate shelves according to the goods attribute, wherein the shelf is a movable shelf. For a request to check the goods, the type of the alternative shelf is a receiving shelf; for replenishment requests, the type of alternative rack is an inventory rack or the like for carrying items to be picked. The receiving shelves may be used to receive inspected goods and the inventory shelves may be used to carry goods to be picked. In some embodiments, the alternative shelf may be a warehousing alternative shelf.
An alternative shelf refers to a shelf that has the goods involved in the inventory action request and is available. An available shelf is a shelf that is free, or a shelf that is about to complete the current task when no free shelf is currently available.
In some embodiments, the attribute of each shelf may be obtained in advance, and then the shelf with the attribute closest to the attribute of the goods involved in the request may be selected, for example, the shelf with the attribute having a difference smaller than a preset degree or a preset range from the attribute of the goods involved in the request may be selected. The properties of the shelf may be determined based on the properties of the goods on the shelf.
In step S106, the identification of the selected rack and the stock operation position are transmitted to the conveyance device.
In step S108, the conveyance device conveys the selected rack to the stock operation position to perform the stock operation.
The handling device may be, for example, an automatic handler. In some embodiments, the handling apparatus may be a rail apparatus that handles racks along ground rails, overhead rails, multi-level shuttle rails, cables, hoists, or other guide elements of the warehouse bay. The handling device may be powered by a connection with the guiding element. The handling device may be navigated by ground-marking, laser, inertial, visual, SLAM (Simultaneous Localization and Mapping) or with other autonomous navigation suitable Localization navigation techniques.
The method of the above embodiment may be implemented by a warehouse turnover management device, which may be, for example, a server, a management module, a processor, and the like. The handling equipment may receive information sent by the warehouse freight turnaround management device, report the location of the handling equipment, or exchange any required information used during operation with the warehouse freight turnaround management device by communicating with the warehouse freight turnaround management device. The carrying equipment can automatically plan a route to move by adopting the shortest path, and can also be sent to the carrying equipment after the warehouse goods turnover management device plans the route.
The handling equipment can communicate with the warehouse goods turnover management device in a wireless mode, for example, through communication protocols such as 802.11, bluetooth, cellular mobile network and the like; the handling apparatus may also communicate with the warehouse tote management device by wire or in any other suitable manner, and in some embodiments, the handling apparatus may communicate with the warehouse tote management device by a communication cable located on a moving track of the handling apparatus.
By the method, the goods shelf to be transported and the inventory operation position can be automatically determined according to the inventory operation request, so that the transporting equipment can be instructed to autonomously transport the goods shelf to the inventory operation position for inventory operation, the warehousing inventory operation in the goods-to-people mode is realized, the warehousing efficiency is improved, the subsequent order fulfillment efficiency is improved, and the overall goods processing efficiency is improved.
After the inventory operation is finished, the carrying equipment can also carry the goods shelf to other positions. Another embodiment of the warehouse goods turnover method of the present invention is described below with reference to fig. 2A and 2B.
Fig. 2A is an exemplary flow chart of a warehouse cargo transferring method according to further embodiments of the present invention. As shown in fig. 2A, the warehouse goods turnaround method of this embodiment includes steps S202 to S212.
In step S202, the property of the goods and the stock operation position related to the stock operation request are determined according to the stock operation request.
In step S204, a shelf is selected from the candidate shelves based on the item attribute.
In step S206, the identification of the selected shelf and the stock operation position are transmitted to the conveyance device.
In step S208, the conveyance device conveys the selected rack to the stock operation position to perform the stock operation.
The detailed implementation of steps S202 to S208 can refer to steps S102 to S108, which are not described herein.
In step S210, in response to the end of the stock operation of the rack, the conveyance destination is transmitted to the conveyance apparatus that carries the rack.
The transport destination may be, for example, a shelf storage area, and may be, for example, a product storage area, a product stock area, or the like. The goods storage area is used for temporarily storing goods after goods inspection, and the goods storage area is used for storing goods waiting for picking. The transport destination may also be other locations, such as shelf storage locations or the like, as desired, other than the current inventory operation location. The transport device destination may be a rack storage location, a charging location, other parking locations, etc., and in some embodiments, the rack storage location may also be used for parking.
In step S212, the conveyance device conveys the rack placed thereon to the conveyance destination.
Therefore, the carrying equipment can carry the goods shelf to the inventory operation position to carry out inventory operation, and can carry the goods shelf which has carried out the operation back to the storage position or other positions, so that the automation degree of the goods-to-people mode is further improved, and the working efficiency is further improved.
In some embodiments, the transportation destination may be a wider area, for example, when it is necessary to transport a rack to the product storage area, the transportation destination may be any rack storage position in the product storage area. In order to further improve the efficiency of the subsequent work, the rack storage area may be further subdivided to limit the transportation destination to a more precise range.
Fig. 2B is an exemplary flow chart of a warehouse cargo transferring method according to further embodiments of the present invention. As shown in fig. 2B, the warehouse goods turnaround method of this embodiment includes steps S222 to S224.
In step S222, a sub-region corresponding to a turnover rate of a rack carried by the conveying device in a rack storage region including a plurality of sub-regions, the turnover rate of the rack in each sub-region belonging to the same turnover rate range, is determined as the conveying destination.
For example, the shelf storage area can be divided into a hot-pin area, a non-hot-pin area and a sluggish area according to the cargo turnover rate from high to low. If the racks to be handled carry hot-sell goods, the handling equipment may handle them to the hot-sell area for storage.
In some embodiments, when the sub-area corresponding to the turnover rate of the rack carried by the carrying device has no vacant storage space temporarily, the rack can be placed in other sub-areas. When the shelf returns after the inventory operation is executed again, whether the sub-area corresponding to the turnover rate of the shelf is vacant or not can be judged again, and if the sub-area corresponding to the turnover rate of the shelf is vacant, the shelf is placed in the sub-area corresponding to the turnover rate of the shelf.
In step S224, in response to the end of the stock operation of the rack, the conveyance destination is transmitted to the conveyance apparatus that carries the rack.
Therefore, the shelf with high turnover rate can be placed in the area close to the delivery and picking work station, for example, the hot-pin area is placed in the area close to the picking work station, so that the goods conveying time is reduced, and the work efficiency is improved.
In some embodiments, the item attribute may be an item turnover rate, and the shelf may be selected based on a shelf turnover rate of the alternate shelf and a turnover rate of the item involved in the inventory action request. An embodiment of the shelf selection method of the present invention is described below with reference to fig. 3A to 3C.
FIG. 3A is an exemplary flow diagram of a shelf selection method according to some embodiments of the invention. As shown in fig. 3A, the shelf selection method of this embodiment includes steps S302 to S304.
In step S302, the shelf turnover rate of the candidate shelf is determined.
In some embodiments, the shelf turnover rate may be determined based on the turnover rate of the goods on the shelf. For example, the statistical calculation result of the turnover rate of some or all of the goods on the shelf may be used as the shelf turnover rate, and the statistical calculation result may be, for example, an average value, or a result of calculation of the average value and other parameters. In addition, the statistical calculation may also include calculation methods such as variance calculation and quantile calculation, which are not described herein again.
In step S304, a shelf is selected based on the shelf turnover rate of the candidate shelf and the turnover rate of the item to which the inventory action request relates.
In some embodiments, a shelf may be selected based on the difference between the shelf turnover rate of the alternate shelf and the turnover rate of the item to which the inventory action request relates. Therefore, the goods with the similar turnover rate can be placed in the same goods shelf as much as possible, so that the picked frequency of the goods on the goods shelf approaches to be consistent, and the working efficiency is further improved.
In some embodiments, the goods belonging to the same category may be placed on the same shelf preferentially, and if the goods on each shelf belong to the same category due to a small quantity of certain goods, the above method of selecting shelves according to the turnover rate may be adopted.
In some embodiments, the turnover rate may be determined in the manner shown in FIG. 3B. As shown in fig. 3B, the turnover rate determining method of this embodiment includes step S3022.
In step S3022, the turnover rate of the goods is determined according to the frequency of occurrence of the goods in the out-of-warehouse picking requests. Further, the shelf turnover rate may be determined based on the frequency of occurrence of items on shelves in out-of-warehouse pick requests.
The out-of-warehouse picking requests are requests generated in response to goods being out-of-warehouse or needing to be moved to other locations, and therefore the turnover rate may be determined from the out-of-warehouse picking requests. And, when an item appears in an out-of-stock pick request, it indicates that the shelf carrying the item needs to be operated. Therefore, the picking request means not only that the goods need to be picked and placed, but also that the rack needs to be moved. Thus, the turnover rate of the goods and the turnover rate of the shelves can be determined by the out-of-warehouse picking request.
In some embodiments, the item attribute may be an associated item of the item, wherein a frequency of co-occurrence of the item and the associated item in the same order is greater than a preset threshold. For example, the ratio of the number of orders including both the goods a and the goods B in the order set to the total number of orders in the order set may be calculated, which represents the association degree of the goods a and the goods B. FIG. 3C is an exemplary flow diagram of a shelf selection method according to further embodiments of the invention. As shown in fig. 3C, the shelf selection method of this embodiment includes steps S312 to S314.
In step S312, the associated shipment of the shipment is determined.
In step S314, a shelf is selected according to the degree of matching of the item on the candidate shelf with the associated item of the item referred to by the inventory action request.
In some embodiments, the goods with the association degree greater than the preset threshold value with a certain goods, or the goods with the association degrees located in the first several names may be used as the associated goods of the goods. At this time, a shelf having the most related goods, or a shelf having the related goods with the highest degree of association may be selected, or the like.
Therefore, the probability that the goods on the same shelf belong to the same order is improved, and the goods sorting efficiency is further improved. In some embodiments, the shelf selection during warehousing can be further adjusted according to the latest statistical result of the ex-warehouse efficiency. An embodiment of the shelf selection method of the present invention is described below with reference to fig. 4A and 4B.
FIG. 4A is an exemplary flow diagram of a shelf selection method according to further embodiments of the invention. As shown in fig. 4A, the shelf selection method of this embodiment includes steps S402 to S404.
In step S402, goods to be adjusted whose delivery efficiency is lower than a preset threshold are obtained.
The warehouse-out efficiency can be counted by the category of goods, and also can be counted by the SKU (Stock Keeping Unit). The delivery efficiency may be, for example, inversely proportional to the delivery time of the goods, proportional to the quantity of the goods delivered per unit time, or the like.
In step S404, in response to an inventory operation request relating to the goods to be adjusted, a shelf is selected from the candidate shelves whose distance from the inventory operation position of the next inventory operation is smaller than a preset value according to the goods attribute.
The next stock operation position refers to a stock operation position of a stock operation next to the current stock operation in the logistics process flow. For example, when the current inventory operation request is a goods inspection request, the next inventory operation is the next process of goods inspection, namely goods replenishment, and therefore the next inventory operation position is a goods replenishment workstation; similarly, when the current inventory operation request is a replenishment request, the next inventory operation location may be an ex-warehouse workstation, such as a picking workstation or the like. Therefore, if the current goods delivery efficiency is low, the goods can be preferentially placed at a position closer to the inventory operation position of the next link when the goods shelf is selected, so that the transportation time of the goods in the subsequent flow is shortened.
In some embodiments, step S402 may also be implemented as step S4022, as shown in fig. 4B.
In step S4022, the goods to be adjusted whose delivery efficiency is lower than the preset threshold value within the preset turnover rate range are obtained. That is, the goods may be divided into a plurality of levels in advance according to the turnover rate, and then the goods with low delivery efficiency in each level may be determined. Therefore, goods with similar turnover rates can be made to have more consistent delivery efficiency.
By the method of the embodiment, the shelf selection in the warehousing operation process can be adjusted through the ex-warehouse efficiency feedback, so that the ex-warehouse efficiency can be further improved.
In some embodiments, multiple shelves may also be selected for completion for the same inventory operation request. An embodiment of the shelf selection method of the present invention is described below with reference to fig. 5.
FIG. 5 is an exemplary flow diagram of a shelf selection method according to further embodiments of the invention. As shown in fig. 5, the shelf selection method of this embodiment includes steps S502 to S504.
In step S502, the remaining capacity of the shelf candidates is obtained, and a plurality of shelves are selected from the shelf candidates according to the goods attribute and the remaining capacity, wherein the sum of the remaining capacities of the selected shelves is larger than the quantity of the goods involved in the inventory operation.
In step S504, the identification and the inventory operating position of each selected rack are transmitted to the corresponding handling apparatus.
With the above-described embodiment, each inventory operation request can be completed by a plurality of handling apparatuses handling a plurality of racks, so that the present invention can accommodate inventory operation requests having various transportation volumes.
The warehouse goods turnover management device can select the conveying equipment besides the goods shelf. For example, the selection may be made according to the current position of the handling apparatus, the remaining power amount, the carrying capacity, and the like. For example, the conveyance apparatus having the shortest distance to the rack to be conveyed is selected. In some embodiments, the warehouse turnaround management apparatus may also select a handling apparatus to perform a task based on the current state of the handling apparatus. An embodiment of the carrier status updating method of the present invention is described below with reference to fig. 6A and 6B.
Fig. 6A is an exemplary flow chart of a method of status update of a handling apparatus according to some embodiments of the invention. As shown in fig. 6A, the conveyance apparatus state updating method of this embodiment includes steps S602 to S606.
In step S602, the conveyance device sets itself to the in-task state in response to receiving the identifier of the selected rack and the stock operation position transmitted from the warehouse cargo turnaround management apparatus.
In step S604, the conveyance apparatus sets itself in an idle state in response to the rack being set down.
When the carrying equipment puts down the goods shelf, the carrying task is completed, so that the carrying equipment can be set to be in an idle state.
In step S606, the handling device reports the status to the warehouse cargo turnover management device. The handling device may for example report the status after each status change.
Further, the warehouse turnover management apparatus may also determine more states of the handling equipment in conjunction with information sent from the equipment at the inventory operating location.
Fig. 6B is an exemplary flow chart of a method for updating a state of a transfer apparatus according to further embodiments of the present invention. As shown in fig. 6B, the conveyance apparatus state updating method of this embodiment includes steps S612 to S632.
In step S612, the warehouse turnover management device selects a rack from the rack candidates in response to the inventory operation request, and selects a conveyance device in an idle state.
In step S614, the warehouse turnover management device transmits the identifier of the selected rack and the stock operation position to the selected conveyance device.
In step S616, the conveyance device confirms the reception task and sets itself to the task-in-progress state in response to receiving the identifier of the selected rack and the stock operation position transmitted from the warehouse cargo turnaround management apparatus.
In step S618, the handling device reports the in-task state to the warehouse cargo turnaround management apparatus.
In step S620, the conveyance device conveys the selected rack to the stock operation position to perform the stock operation.
In step S622, in response to completion of the stock operation, the workstation device at the stock operation position transmits an instruction of completion of the operation to the warehouse freight turnover management apparatus.
In some embodiments, the workstation equipment of the inventory handling location may also send instructions directly to the warehouse tote management device, or indirectly through the handling equipment. For example, the information that the operation has been completed may be transmitted to or input to the transport facility, and the transport facility may transfer the information to the warehouse cargo turnaround management apparatus.
In step S624, the warehouse goods turnover management device determines that the conveying apparatus is in the ready-to-return state in response to the completion of the stock operation and the conveying apparatus being in the on-task state.
In step S626, the warehouse goods turnover management device transmits the transport destination to the transport facility in the ready-to-return state.
Since the handling device does not put down a rack, the return task can still be performed by the handling device and there is also no need to additionally indicate the rack it is to handle. Of course, the identification of the rack to be transported and the destination location may be issued simultaneously. When the carrying equipment identifies that the position of the shelf corresponding to the shelf identifier is the same as the position of the carrying equipment, the carrying equipment can directly carry the shelf to the destination position.
In step S628, the conveyance device conveys the loaded rack to the conveyance destination and drops the rack.
In step S630, the conveyance apparatus sets itself in an idle state.
In step S632, the handling device reports the idle state to the warehouse cargo turnaround management apparatus.
Through the method of the embodiment, different types of instructions can be issued according to the current state of the carrying equipment, automatic operation of warehouse goods turnover is achieved, and working efficiency is improved.
The above embodiment describes a scenario in which the handling apparatus does not put the rack after the rack is handled to the stock operation position, and the rack is still handled to the next position by the handling apparatus after the operation is completed. According to the needs, for example, when the time required by the inventory operation is longer and is larger than the preset value, the carrying equipment can directly put down the goods shelf after reaching the inventory operation position, and when the goods shelf finishes the inventory operation, the warehouse goods turnover management device appoints the carrying equipment again for carrying.
Further, the conveyance device can be charged according to its own state. As shown in fig. 6C, in step S642, the conveyance is parked at a shelf storage place or charged in a charging area while in an idle state.
Fig. 7 is a schematic diagram of a warehouse goods turnover scenario, according to some embodiments of the invention. As shown in fig. 7, the system 70 of this embodiment includes a warehouse goods turnover management device 700, which is used to execute the warehouse goods turnover method in this embodiment of the present invention.
Two main storage areas in the system 70 are an article escrow area 710 and an article inventory area 720, respectively. In addition, two kinds of work stations, a goods inspection work station 730 and a goods replenishment work station 740, are included. The number of each workstation may be one or more, only one of which is shown in fig. 7 by way of example.
In the product storage area 710, a plurality of storage spaces 7101 are provided, the storage spaces 7101 store receiving shelves 7102, and containers or goods, which are checked goods, are placed on the receiving shelves 7102. The receiving conveyor 750 conveys the receiving shelves 7102 to the inspection station 730 to receive the inspected goods according to the instruction of the warehouse goods turnover management device 700. After the inspection, the receiving carrier 750 may transport the receiving shelf 7102 back to the product storage area 710 for storage, or may transport the receiving shelf 7102 to another location.
In the goods storage area 720, there are a plurality of stock storage locations 7201, the stock storage locations 7201 storing stock shelves 7202, and containers or goods, which are goods waiting for picking, are placed on the stock shelves 7202. The inventory mover 760 moves the receiving shelf 7202 to the replenishment work station 740 to receive the goods to be replenished in accordance with the instruction from the warehouse goods turnover management device 700. After completion of the replenishment, the stock conveyance machine 760 may convey the stock shelf 7202 back to the product stock area 720 for storage, or may convey the stock shelf 7202 to another location.
An example embodiment of a method for warehouse goods turnaround during the inspection and restocking process is described below in connection with actual inventory operation requests.
Fig. 8A and 8B are exemplary flow charts of warehouse good turnaround methods according to further embodiments of the present invention.
In fig. 8A, steps S802 to S812 are processing procedures related to the receiving rack.
In step S802, the unloading person or the unloading apparatus unloads the goods to be inspected from the pallet or the truck, and sends the goods to be inspected to the inspection workstation.
In step S804, the warehouse goods turnover management device acquires a goods inspection request.
In step S806, the warehouse goods turnover management device determines the goods attributes of the goods to be inspected and the position of the inspection workstation according to the inspection request.
In step S808, the warehouse goods turnover management device selects a receiving shelf from the alternative receiving shelves according to the goods attribute, wherein the receiving shelf is stored in the goods storage area and used for carrying the goods that have been checked.
In step S810, the warehouse turnover management device transmits the identifier of the selected receiving rack and the information of the inspection station to the conveying device.
In step S812, the transportation device transports the selected receiving shelf to the inspection station to receive the inspected goods.
In step S8142, the warehouse turnover management device transmits information of the product storage area to the conveyance device of the receiving rack in response to the end of the stock operation.
In step S8144, the conveyance device conveys the loaded receiving racks to the product storage area.
In some embodiments, after the goods inspection is finished, the goods shelf can be directly conveyed to a goods replenishment workstation for replenishment. For example, steps S8162 to S8166 may be performed after step S812.
In step S8162, the warehouse goods turnover management device determines the location of the replenishment work station in response to the end of the stock operation and the replenishment request.
In step S8164, the warehouse cargo turnaround management device transmits the position of the replenishment station to the conveyance facility.
In step S8166, the handling apparatus handles the loaded receiving shelves to the restocking workstation to provide the goods for restocking on the receiving shelves.
In fig. 8B, steps S818 to S830 are processes related to the stock shelf, and relate to a replenishment process.
In step S818, the warehouse cargo turnover management device determines the cargo attribute of the cargo to be replenished and the position of the replenishment workstation according to the replenishment request.
In step S820, the warehouse commodity circulation management device selects a receiving rack from the candidate receiving racks according to the commodity attribute. In some embodiments, the receiving shelves are stored in the product holding area for carrying the inspected product.
In step S822, the warehouse turnover management device transmits the identifier of the selected receiving rack and the information of the replenishment work station to the first conveyance device.
In step S824, the first conveyance device conveys the selected receiving rack to the replenishment work station to supply the goods for replenishment on the receiving rack.
In step S826, the warehouse goods turnover management device selects a stock shelf from the alternative stock shelves according to the goods attribute. In some embodiments, inventory racks are stored in the item inventory area for carrying items to be picked.
In step S828, the warehouse turnover management device transmits the identifier of the selected inventory rack and the information of the replenishment work station to the second conveyance device.
In step S830, the second conveyance device conveys the selected inventory rack to the replenishment work station to receive the replenished goods.
This embodiment may further include steps S832 and S834 as necessary.
In step S832, in response to the end of replenishment, information of the product storage area is transmitted to the first conveying device of the receiving rack, and information of the product stock area is transmitted to the second conveying device of the stock rack.
In step S834, the first conveyance device conveys the received shelves carried to the product storage area, and the second conveyance device conveys the stored shelves carried to the product storage area.
Through the embodiment, the goods inspection and replenishment process can be automatically carried out, and the working efficiency of goods turnover is improved.
An embodiment of the warehouse goods turnover system of the present invention is described below with reference to fig. 9A and 9B.
Fig. 9A is an exemplary block diagram of a warehouse goods turnover system according to some embodiments of the invention. As shown in fig. 9A, the warehouse goods turnover system 90 of this embodiment includes a warehouse goods turnover management apparatus 910 and a handling device 920. The warehouse turnover management device 910 is configured to perform warehouse turnover management, and communicates with the handling apparatus 920 to issue instructions. The handling device 920 is configured to handle the selected shelf to the inventory operation location for the inventory operation based on the identity of the selected shelf and the inventory operation location.
In some embodiments, the handling device 920 may be further configured to place itself in the in-task state in response to receiving the identification of the selected shelf and the inventory operating location sent by the warehouse turnaround management apparatus 910; setting the shelf to be in an idle state in response to putting down the shelf; and reports the status to the warehouse cargo turnover management device 910.
In some embodiments, the handling device 920 may be further configured to park at a shelf storage location or charge in a charging area when in an idle state.
In some embodiments, the system 90 may also include other devices. As shown in fig. 9B, the system 90 may include any one or both of the following shelves: a receiving shelf 930 stored in the goods keeping area for receiving goods from the goods inspection workstation to carry goods subjected to the goods inspection; and inventory shelves 940 stored in the product inventory area for receiving products from the restocking workstation to carry the products to be picked.
In some embodiments, the receiving shelves 930 and the inventory shelves 940 may be tray shelves or may include multiple storage compartments of the same or different sizes, each capable of holding the same or different types of inventory items. The shelves may be raised, lowered, rotated or moved by the automatic handler. In addition, each shelf may include a plurality of work surfaces, and each shelf may be accessible through one or more work surfaces of the shelf. Taking a shelf comprising four working surfaces as an example, the compartments located at the corners of two working surfaces can be accessed through any one of the two working surfaces, while the other compartments can be accessed through the open working surface of one of the four working surfaces. The handling device may rotate the racks as needed to present a particular work surface and grid to an operator or other device.
In some embodiments, the system 90 may further include a robotic manipulation device 950, located at the inventory manipulation location, configured to perform inventory manipulations on the goods. In addition, the inventory operation location may further include a scanner, a display, a communication interface, and other devices, which are not described herein.
The inventory operation location may be a workstation. A particular workstation may only process inspection requests, replenishment requests, or ex-warehouse pick requests, and may only process requests having certain characteristics in a particular request. Further, the workstations in some embodiments of the present invention may also be workstations capable of handling multiple types of inventory requests, but at any given time, workstations configured to handle only one particular type of inventory request, or workstations configured to handle only one particular type of inventory request and having certain specific attributes.
An embodiment of the warehouse freight turnover management apparatus of the present invention is described below with reference to fig. 10.
Fig. 10 is an exemplary block diagram of a warehouse freight turnover management apparatus according to some embodiments of the invention. As shown in fig. 10, the warehouse goods turnover management device 100 of this embodiment includes: a request analysis module 1001 configured to determine, according to the inventory operation request, an attribute of the goods and an inventory operation position to which the inventory operation request relates; the shelf selection module 1002 is configured to select a shelf from the alternative shelves according to the goods attribute, where the inventory operation request is a goods inspection request, the inventory operation position related to the goods inspection request is a goods inspection workstation, and the alternative shelf is a goods receiving shelf, or the inventory operation request is a goods replenishment request, the inventory operation position related to the goods replenishment request is a goods replenishment workstation, and the alternative shelf is a goods storage shelf; a sending module 1003 configured to send the identifier of the selected rack and the inventory operation position to the transporting device, so that the transporting device transports the selected rack to the inventory operation position for the inventory operation.
In some embodiments, the request analysis module 1001 is further configured to determine, from the replenishment request, the property of the good and the replenishment workstation to which the replenishment request relates; the shelf selection module 1002 is further configured to select shelves from the alternative receiving shelves, select shelves from the alternative library shelves, respectively, based on the item attributes; the transmitting module 1003 is further configured to transmit the identification of the selected receiving shelf and the information of the restocking workstation to the first transporting apparatus, and transmit the identification of the selected inventory shelf and the information of the restocking workstation to the second transporting apparatus, so that the first transporting apparatus transports the selected receiving shelf to the restocking workstation to provide the goods for restocking on the receiving shelf, and the second transporting apparatus transports the selected inventory shelf to the restocking workstation to receive the restocked goods.
In some embodiments, the cargo attribute is a turnover rate of the cargo; the shelf selection module 1002 is further configured to select a shelf based on the shelf turnover rate of the alternate shelf and the turnover rate of the item referred to by the inventory action request.
In some embodiments, the shelf selection module 1002 may be further configured to determine a turnover rate of the items based on a frequency of occurrence of the items in the out-of-warehouse pick requests.
In some embodiments, the goods attribute is associated goods of the goods, wherein the frequency of the goods and the associated goods appearing together in the same order is greater than a preset threshold; the shelf selection module 1002 may be further configured to select a shelf based on how well the items on the alternate shelf match the associated items of the items to which the inventory operation request relates.
In some embodiments, the sending module 1003 may be further configured to send the transfer destination to the carrier apparatus carrying the rack in response to the end of the inventory operation of the rack, so that the carrier apparatus carries the rack carried to the transfer destination.
In some embodiments, the warehouse goods turnover management apparatus 100 may further include: a destination determining module 1004 configured to determine a sub-region corresponding to a turnover rate of a rack carried by the conveying equipment in a rack storage region as a conveying destination, wherein the rack storage region includes a plurality of sub-regions, and the turnover rate of the rack in each sub-region belongs to the same turnover rate range.
Fig. 11 is an exemplary block diagram of a warehouse freight turnover management apparatus according to further embodiments of the present invention. As shown in fig. 11, the warehouse goods turnover management apparatus 1100 of this embodiment includes: a memory 1110 and a processor 1120 coupled to the memory 1110, wherein the processor 1120 is configured to execute the warehouse goods turnover method in any one of the embodiments based on instructions stored in the memory 1110.
Memory 1110 may include, for example, system memory, fixed non-volatile storage media, cloud storage, and so forth. The system memory stores, for example, an operating system, an application program, a Boot Loader (Boot Loader), and other programs.
Fig. 12 is an exemplary block diagram of a warehouse freight turnover management apparatus in accordance with further embodiments of the present invention. As shown in fig. 12, the warehouse goods turnover management apparatus 1200 of this embodiment includes: the memory 1210 and the processor 1220 may further include an input/output interface 1230, a network interface 1240, a storage interface 1250, and the like. These interfaces 1230, 1240, 1250, as well as the memory 1210 and the processor 1220, may be connected via a bus 1260, for example. The input/output interface 1230 provides a connection interface for input/output devices such as a display, a mouse, a keyboard, and a touch screen. The network interface 1240 provides a connection interface for a variety of networking devices. The storage interface 1250 provides a connection interface for external storage devices such as an SD card and a usb disk. All or part of these modules 1210 to 1250 above are also applicable to the handling apparatus.
An embodiment of the present invention further provides a computer-readable storage medium, on which a computer program is stored, where the computer program is executed by a processor to implement any one of the aforementioned warehouse goods turnover methods.
As will be appreciated by one skilled in the art, embodiments of the present invention may be provided as a method, system, or computer program product. Accordingly, the present invention may take the form of an entirely hardware embodiment, an entirely software embodiment or an embodiment combining software and hardware aspects. Furthermore, the present invention may take the form of a computer program product embodied on one or more computer-usable non-transitory storage media (including, but not limited to, disk storage, CD-ROM, optical storage, and the like) having computer-usable program code embodied therein.
The present invention is described with reference to flowchart illustrations and/or block diagrams of methods, apparatus (systems), and computer program products according to embodiments of the invention. It will be understood that each flow and/or block of the flow diagrams and/or block diagrams, and combinations of flows and/or blocks in the flow diagrams and/or block diagrams, can be implemented by computer program instructions. These computer program instructions may be provided to a processor of a general purpose computer, special purpose computer, embedded processor, or other programmable data processing apparatus to produce a machine, such that the instructions, which execute via the processor of the computer or other programmable data processing apparatus, create means for implementing the functions specified in the flowchart flow or flows and/or block diagram block or blocks.
These computer program instructions may also be stored in a computer-readable memory that can direct a computer or other programmable data processing apparatus to function in a particular manner, such that the instructions stored in the computer-readable memory produce an article of manufacture including instruction means which implement the function specified in the flowchart flow or flows and/or block diagram block or blocks.
These computer program instructions may also be loaded onto a computer or other programmable data processing apparatus to cause a series of operational steps to be performed on the computer or other programmable apparatus to produce a computer implemented process such that the instructions which execute on the computer or other programmable apparatus provide steps for implementing the functions specified in the flowchart flow or flows and/or block diagram block or blocks.
The above description is only for the purpose of illustrating the preferred embodiments of the present invention and is not to be construed as limiting the invention, and any modifications, equivalents, improvements and the like that fall within the spirit and principle of the present invention are intended to be included therein.

Claims (23)

1. A warehouse turnover management device, comprising:
the request analysis module is configured to determine the goods attribute and the inventory operation position related to the inventory operation request according to the inventory operation request;
the shelf selection module is configured to select a shelf from the alternative shelves according to the goods attribute, wherein the inventory operation request is a goods inspection request, the inventory operation position related to the goods inspection request is a goods inspection workstation, the alternative shelf is a goods receiving shelf, or the inventory operation request is a goods replenishment request, the inventory operation position related to the goods replenishment request is a goods replenishment workstation, and the alternative shelf is a goods storage shelf;
and the sending module is configured to send the identification of the selected shelf and the inventory operation position to the carrying equipment so that the carrying equipment carries the selected shelf to the inventory operation position for inventory operation.
2. The warehouse goods turnover management device of claim 1, wherein,
the request analysis module is further configured to determine the cargo attribute and the replenishment workstation related to the replenishment request according to the replenishment request;
the shelf selection module is further configured to select a shelf from the alternative receiving shelves, a shelf from the alternative storage shelves, respectively, based on the item attributes;
the transmitting module is further configured to transmit the identification of the selected receiving shelf and the information of the replenishment workstation to the first transporting apparatus, and transmit the identification of the selected inventory shelf and the information of the replenishment workstation to the second transporting apparatus, so that the first transporting apparatus transports the selected receiving shelf to the replenishment workstation to provide the goods on the receiving shelf for replenishment, and the second transporting apparatus transports the selected inventory shelf to the replenishment workstation to receive the replenished goods.
3. The warehouse goods turnover management device of claim 1, wherein the goods attribute is a turnover rate of goods;
the shelf selection module is further configured to select a shelf based on the shelf turnover rate of the alternate shelf and the turnover rate of the item referred to by the inventory action request.
4. The warehouse freight turnover management apparatus of claim 2, wherein the shelf selection module is further configured to determine a turnover rate of the freight based on a frequency of occurrence of the freight in out-of-warehouse pick requests.
5. The warehouse goods turnover management device of claim 1, wherein the goods attribute is associated goods of the goods, wherein a frequency of the goods and the associated goods appearing together in the same order is greater than a preset threshold;
the shelf selection module is further configured to select a shelf based on how well the items on the alternate shelf match the associated items of the items to which the inventory action request relates.
6. The warehouse goods turnover management device of claim 1, wherein,
the transmission module is further configured to transmit the conveyance destination to the conveyance apparatus carrying the rack in response to an end of the stock operation of the rack so that the conveyance apparatus conveys the carried rack to the conveyance destination.
7. The warehouse goods turnover management device of claim 6, further comprising:
and the destination determining module is configured to determine a sub-region corresponding to the turnover rate of the shelf carried by the conveying equipment in the shelf storage region as a conveying destination, wherein the shelf storage region comprises a plurality of sub-regions, and the turnover rate of the shelf in each sub-region belongs to the same turnover rate range.
8. A warehouse cargo turnaround system comprising:
the warehouse goods turnover management device of any one of claims 1 to 7; and
a handling device configured to handle the selected shelf to an inventory operation location for an inventory operation based on the identity of the selected shelf and the inventory operation location.
9. The warehouse goods turnover system of claim 8, wherein the handling equipment is further configured to place itself in the on-duty state in response to receiving the identification of the selected rack and the inventory operating location sent by the warehouse goods turnover management device; setting the shelf to be in an idle state in response to putting down the shelf; and reporting the state to the warehouse goods turnover management device.
10. The warehouse cargo turnaround system of claim 8 or 9, wherein the handling apparatus is further configured to park at a shelf storage location or charge at a charging area when in an idle state.
11. The warehouse goods turnover system of claim 8, further comprising any one or both of the following racks:
the goods receiving shelf is stored in the goods keeping area and used for receiving goods from the goods inspection workstation to bear the goods subjected to the goods inspection;
and the inventory shelves are stored in the commodity inventory area and used for receiving the goods from the replenishment work station to carry the goods to be picked.
12. The warehouse goods turnaround system of claim 8, further comprising:
a mechanical handling device, located at the inventory handling location, configured to perform an inventory handling on the goods.
13. A warehouse goods turnover method comprises the following steps:
determining the goods attribute and the inventory operation position related to the inventory operation request according to the inventory operation request;
selecting a shelf from the alternative shelves according to the goods attribute, wherein the inventory operation request is a goods inspection request, the inventory operation position related to the goods inspection request is a goods inspection workstation, and the alternative shelf is a goods receiving shelf, or the inventory operation request is a goods replenishment request, the inventory operation position related to the goods replenishment request is a goods replenishment workstation, and the alternative shelf is an inventory shelf;
and sending the identification of the selected shelf and the inventory operation position to the carrying equipment so that the carrying equipment can carry the selected shelf to the inventory operation position for inventory operation.
14. The warehouse goods turnover method of claim 13, wherein,
determining the cargo attribute and the replenishment workstation related to the replenishment request according to the replenishment request;
selecting a shelf from alternative receiving shelves and a shelf from alternative storage shelves according to the goods attributes;
transmitting the identification of the selected receiving shelf and the information of the replenishment work station to the first carrying device so that the first carrying device carries the selected receiving shelf to the replenishment work station to provide the goods for replenishment on the receiving shelf;
the identification of the selected inventory shelf and the information of the restocking workstation are transmitted to the second handling device so that the second handling device can carry the selected inventory shelf to the restocking workstation to receive the restocked goods.
15. The warehouse good turnaround method of claim 13, wherein the good attribute is a turnover rate of the goods;
selecting a shelf based on the shelf turnover rate of the alternative shelf and the turnover rate of the goods involved in the inventory action request.
16. The warehouse cargo transferring method of claim 15, further comprising:
and determining the turnover rate of the goods according to the occurrence frequency of the goods in the ex-warehouse picking requests.
17. The warehouse goods turnover method of claim 13, wherein the goods attribute is associated goods of the goods, wherein a frequency of co-occurrence of the goods and the associated goods in the same order is greater than a preset threshold;
selecting a shelf based on how well the items on the alternate shelf match the associated items of the items to which the inventory operation request relates.
18. The warehouse goods turnaround method of claim 13, further comprising:
in response to the end of the stock operation of the rack, the conveyance destination is sent to the conveyance apparatus carrying the rack so that the conveyance apparatus conveys the carried rack to the conveyance destination.
19. The warehouse cargo transferring method of claim 18, further comprising:
and determining a sub-region corresponding to the turnover rate of the shelf carried by the carrying equipment in the shelf storage region as a carrying destination, wherein the shelf storage region comprises a plurality of sub-regions, and the turnover rate of the shelf in each sub-region belongs to the same turnover rate range.
20. The warehouse goods turnaround method of claim 13, further comprising:
and receiving the state reported by the carrying equipment, wherein the carrying equipment sets the carrying equipment to be in-task state in response to receiving the selected shelf identifier and the inventory operation position sent by the processor, and sets the carrying equipment to be in idle state in response to putting down the shelf.
21. The warehouse goods turnaround method of claim 13, further comprising:
the handling device is parked in a shelf storage position or charged in a charging area when in an idle state.
22. A warehouse turnover management device, comprising:
a memory; and
a processor coupled to the memory, the processor configured to perform the warehouse goods turnaround method of any of claims 13-21 based on instructions stored in the memory.
23. A computer-readable storage medium having stored thereon a computer program which, when executed by a processor, implements the warehouse goods turnover method of any of claims 13-21.
CN201810598750.1A 2018-06-12 2018-06-12 Warehouse goods turnover management device, system, method and storage medium Pending CN110599075A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112132520A (en) * 2020-09-30 2020-12-25 杭州海康机器人技术有限公司 Material warehousing method and device and management equipment
CN112193703A (en) * 2020-09-28 2021-01-08 中国人民解放军海军工程大学 Modular circulation grid type warehousing system and scheduling method

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112193703A (en) * 2020-09-28 2021-01-08 中国人民解放军海军工程大学 Modular circulation grid type warehousing system and scheduling method
CN112132520A (en) * 2020-09-30 2020-12-25 杭州海康机器人技术有限公司 Material warehousing method and device and management equipment

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