CN110597331A - Agricultural intelligent management system based on Internet of things - Google Patents

Agricultural intelligent management system based on Internet of things Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110597331A
CN110597331A CN201910943559.0A CN201910943559A CN110597331A CN 110597331 A CN110597331 A CN 110597331A CN 201910943559 A CN201910943559 A CN 201910943559A CN 110597331 A CN110597331 A CN 110597331A
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crops
soil
module
moisture
monitor
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郑越
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郑越
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G05CONTROLLING; REGULATING
    • G05DSYSTEMS FOR CONTROLLING OR REGULATING NON-ELECTRIC VARIABLES
    • G05D27/00Simultaneous control of variables covered by two or more of the preceding main groups
    • G05D27/02Simultaneous control of variables covered by two or more of the preceding main groups characterised by the use of electric means

Abstract

The invention discloses an agricultural intelligent management system based on the Internet of things, and particularly relates to the technical field of agricultural management. According to the invention, by arranging the crop information acquisition module, the growth environment acquisition module, the pest and disease epidemic prevention module and the soil processing module, the pest and disease damage and the growth environment of crops can be detected in real time, and when the pest and disease damage occurs or the growth environment is not suitable, the related pair of pesticides can be effectively configured according to the type of the pest and disease damage for spraying, and meanwhile, the environment of the crops is updated and adjusted in real time, so that the crops are ensured to be in the suitable growth environment.

Description

Agricultural intelligent management system based on Internet of things
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of agricultural management, in particular to an agricultural intelligent management system based on the Internet of things.
Background
The internet of things is an important component of a new generation of information technology and also an important development stage of the information era, and as the name suggests, the internet of things is the internet connected with objects, and has two meanings: firstly, the core and the foundation of the internet of things are still the internet, and the internet is an extended and expanded network on the basis of the internet; and secondly, the user side extends and expands to any article to perform information exchange and communication, namely, the article information.
The invention patent of patent application publication No. CN109506712A discloses an agricultural intelligent management system based on the Internet of things, which comprises a central processing unit, a humidity monitoring module, a signal processing circuit, a temperature monitoring module, a light monitoring module, a CO2 monitoring module, an image acquisition module, an image processing module, a user control terminal, a display, a memory and a sprinkling irrigation module, wherein the central processing unit is used for monitoring the growth environment of crops and irrigating according to monitoring data, the system has simple structure and reasonable design, and effectively combines agricultural irrigation and remote control through a wireless communication technology, the user control terminal can control the sprinkling irrigation module to irrigate the crops according to the received data, so that the crops can grow conveniently, meanwhile, the growth state of the crops can be monitored, and the image processing module can efficiently and quickly extract image information of the image acquisition module, the accuracy of crop identification can be improved.
However, in practical use, for example, the invention has low detection strength on plant diseases and insect pests and growth environment of crops, and cannot effectively adjust the environment when the plant diseases and insect pests are caused or the growth environment is not suitable.
Disclosure of the invention
In order to overcome the defects in the prior art, the embodiment of the invention provides an agricultural intelligent management system based on the internet of things, which can detect the plant diseases and insect pests and the growth environment of crops in real time by arranging a crop information acquisition module, a growth environment acquisition module, a plant disease and insect pest epidemic prevention module and a soil processing module, can effectively spray related pesticides according to the type configuration of the plant diseases and insect pests when the plant diseases and insect pests are generated or the growth environment is not suitable, and can simultaneously update and adjust the environment of the crops in real time to ensure that the crops are in the suitable growth environment, so as to solve the problems in the background art.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme: an agricultural intelligent management system based on the Internet of things comprises a control center, wherein a data collector and an image monitoring module are arranged at the input end of the control center, a crop information acquisition module and a growth environment acquisition module are arranged at the input end of the data collector, an insect disease epidemic prevention module and a soil treatment module are arranged at the connecting end of the control center, a remote control module is arranged at the output end of the control center, the crop information acquisition module comprises an insect disease monitor and a moisture monitor, the growth environment acquisition module comprises a soil moisture sensor, a soil PH value analyzer, an air temperature and humidity sensor and an ultraviolet sensor, the insect disease epidemic prevention module comprises a pesticide dispenser and a pesticide dispenser, the soil treatment module comprises a water and fertilizer all-in-one machine, a sprayer and a greenhouse temperature controller, and a negative pressure fan and a sun shading motor are arranged at the connecting, the image monitoring module comprises a Beidou positioner and an infrared camera, the remote control module comprises a memory, a wireless communication module, a control computer and a display, and the control center comprises a programmable PLC;
the crop information acquisition module is used for monitoring plant diseases and insect pests of crops in real time through a plant disease and insect pest monitor, the moisture monitor is used for detecting the moisture of leaves of the crops, and then the plant disease and insect pest monitor and the moisture monitor send detection information to the data collector for gathering and then send the detection information to the programmable PLC;
the growth environment acquisition module is used for detecting soil moisture of crops through a soil moisture sensor, detecting the pH value of soil of the crops through a soil pH value analyzer, detecting the environment temperature of the crops through an air temperature and humidity sensor, monitoring the air temperature and humidity in real time through the air temperature and humidity sensor, detecting the ultraviolet intensity of the environment where the crops are located through an ultraviolet sensor, and then sending detected data to a data collector through the soil moisture sensor, the soil pH value analyzer, the air temperature and humidity sensor and the ultraviolet sensor to be gathered and then sent to a programmable PLC;
the pest and disease epidemic prevention module is used for controlling the pesticide dispenser to dispense corresponding pesticide according to the detected information when the pest and disease monitor detects that the crops have pests, and then informing the pesticide dispenser to spray the pesticide to the crops;
the soil processing module is used for controlling the water-fertilizer integrated machine and the sprayer to humidify and fertilize the crops and the soil when the soil moisture sensor, the soil PH value analyzer, the air temperature and humidity sensor, the ultraviolet sensor and the moisture monitor that the moisture, the soil moisture and the fertility of the soil of the crops are unqualified, and simultaneously controlling the greenhouse temperature controller to open the negative-pressure fan, the shading motor and the wet curtain water pump so as to control the ventilation and the sunshine degree of the farming;
the remote control module is used for positioning the region of crops through the Beidou positioner and monitoring the crops at night in real time by adopting an infrared camera;
the image monitoring module is used for backing up crops and related information collected by the data collector through the storage, the wireless communication module is used for performing remote wireless control, the control computer is used for controlling related equipment to control the temperature, the humidity, the water quantity, the sunshine time and the ventilation time of the crops, and the display is used for displaying monitoring images and related data of the crops.
In a preferred embodiment, the programmable PLC input end is provided with a data collector, and the data collector input end is provided with a pest and disease damage monitor, a moisture monitor, a soil moisture sensor, a soil PH value analyzer, an air temperature and humidity sensor and an ultraviolet sensor.
In a preferred embodiment, the programmable PLC connecting end is provided with a pesticide distributor, a pesticide machine, a water and fertilizer integrated machine, a sprayer, a greenhouse temperature controller, a Beidou positioner and an infrared camera.
In a preferred embodiment, the programmable PLC output is provided with a memory, a wireless communication module, a control computer and a display.
In a preferred embodiment, the pesticide machine and the pesticide dispensing machine are used together, and the corresponding pesticide is automatically dispensed according to the detection data of the crops, and the crops are quantitatively sprayed by the pesticide machine.
In a preferred embodiment, the negative pressure fan is used for ventilating the environment where crops are located, and a sun-shading motor is used for accommodating a matched sun-shading curtain, so that ultraviolet irradiation of the crops is controlled.
In a preferred embodiment, the Beidou positioner is used for positioning and repeatedly detecting insect attack areas and non-insect attack areas so as to divide the spraying range of the pesticide treatment machine, the water and fertilizer integrated machine and the sprayer.
The invention has the technical effects and advantages that:
1. by arranging a crop information acquisition module, a growth environment acquisition module, a pest and disease epidemic prevention module and a soil processing module, a pest and disease monitor, a moisture monitor, a soil moisture sensor, a soil pH value analyzer, an air temperature and humidity sensor and an ultraviolet sensor, the detected data are sent to a data collector for gathering, when the pest and disease monitor detects that crops have pests, a programmable PLC (programmable logic controller) controls a dispensing machine to be configured with corresponding pesticide, then the pesticide is informed to be sprayed on the crops, when the moisture of the crops and the fertility of soil in a soil moisture box are detected to be unqualified, the programmable PLC controls a water-fertilizer all-in-one machine and a sprayer to humidify and fertilize the crops and the soil, a negative pressure fan, a shading motor and a wet curtain water pump are opened by controlling a greenhouse temperature controller, so that the ventilation and the sunshine degree of, compared with the prior art, the method can detect the plant diseases and insect pests and the growth environment of crops in real time, can effectively prepare related pesticides according to the types of the plant diseases and insect pests to spray when the plant diseases and insect pests grow or the growth environment is not suitable, and meanwhile updates and adjusts the environment of the crops in real time to ensure that the crops are in a proper growth environment;
2. through setting up remote control module and image monitoring module, the big dipper locator is fixed a position and is detected repeatedly insect pest region and non-insect pest region, thereby divide the department pesticide machine, the scope of spraying of liquid manure all-in-one and atomizer, carry out the backup through the crops and the relevant information of memory to data collection station collection, adopt wireless communication module to carry out long-range wireless control, through the temperature of control computer control relevant equipment to crops, humidity, the water yield, sunshine time and ventilation time control, compare with prior art, can fix a position each detection area and the processing area as required and divide the processing, carry out the long-range intelligent management of material net to crops simultaneously, promote the convenience of management.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a topology diagram of the present invention.
FIG. 2 is a block diagram of the present invention.
FIG. 3 is a schematic diagram of the system of the present invention.
The reference signs are: 1 control center, 2 data acquisition ware, 3 image monitoring module, 4 crops information acquisition module, 5 growing environment collection module, 6 plant diseases and insect pests epidemic prevention module, 7 soil processing module, 8 remote control module, 9 plant diseases and insect pests monitor, 10 moisture monitor, 11 soil moisture sensor, 12 soil pH value analysis meter, 13 air temperature and humidity sensor, 14 ultraviolet sensor, 15 dispensing machine, 16 pesticide machine, 17 liquid manure all-in-one, 18 atomizer, 19 big-arch shelter temperature controller, 20 negative pressure fan, 21 sunshade motor, 22 big dipper locator, 23 infrared camera, 24 memory, 25 wireless communication module, 26 control computer, 27 displays, 28 PLC able to programme.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
The agricultural intelligent management system based on the internet of things comprises a control center 1, wherein the input end of the control center 1 is provided with a data collector 2 and an image monitoring module 3, the input end of the data collector 2 is provided with a crop information acquisition module 4 and a growth environment acquisition module 5, the connecting end of the control center 1 is provided with a pest epidemic prevention module 6 and a soil treatment module 7, the output end of the control center 1 is provided with a remote control module 8, the crop information acquisition module 4 comprises a pest monitor 9 and a moisture monitor 10, the growth environment acquisition module 5 comprises a soil moisture sensor 11, a soil PH value analyzer 12, an air temperature and humidity sensor 13 and an ultraviolet sensor 14, the pest epidemic prevention module 6 comprises a pesticide preparation machine 15 and a pesticide preparation machine 16, and the soil treatment module 7 comprises a water and fertilizer integrated machine 17, The greenhouse temperature monitoring system comprises a sprayer 18 and a greenhouse temperature controller 19, wherein a negative pressure fan 20 and a sun-shading motor 21 are arranged at the connecting end of the greenhouse temperature controller 19, an image monitoring module 3 comprises a Beidou positioner 22 and an infrared camera 23, a remote control module 8 comprises a memory 24, a wireless communication module 25, a control computer 26 and a display 27, a control center 1 comprises a programmable PLC28, and a moisture monitor 10 is also called a moisture meter, a moisture determinator, a rapid moisture determinator, a moisture meter, a moisture detector, a moisture meter, a moisture analyzer and a moisture content detector;
the crop information acquisition module 4 is used for monitoring plant diseases and insect pests of crops in real time through the plant disease and insect pest monitor 9, the moisture monitor 10 is used for detecting the moisture of leaves of the crops, and then the plant disease and insect pest monitor 9 and the moisture monitor 10 send detection information to the data collector 2 for gathering and then send the detection information to the programmable PLC 28;
the growth environment acquisition module 5 is used for detecting soil moisture of crops through a soil moisture sensor 11, detecting the pH value of soil of the crops through a soil pH value analyzer 12, detecting the environment temperature of the crops through an air temperature and humidity sensor 13, monitoring the air temperature and humidity in real time through the air temperature and humidity sensor 13, detecting the ultraviolet intensity of the environment where the crops are located through an ultraviolet sensor 14, then sending the detected data to a data acquisition unit 2 for summarizing through the soil moisture sensor 11, the soil pH value analyzer 12, the air temperature and humidity sensor 13 and the ultraviolet sensor 14, and then sending the data to a programmable PLC28, wherein the programmable PLC28 is an electronic device specially designed for digital operation in industrial environment, and adopts a programmable memory, for storing therein instructions for performing operations such as logical operations, sequential operations, timing, counting, and arithmetic operations, and for controlling various types of machinery or manufacturing processes through digital or analog inputs and outputs;
the pest and disease epidemic prevention module 6 is used for controlling the pesticide dispenser 15 to dispense corresponding pesticide according to the detected information by the programmable PLC28 when the pest and disease monitor 9 detects that the crops have pests, and then informing the pesticide dispenser 16 to spray the pesticide to the crops;
the soil treatment module 7 is used for controlling the water-fertilizer all-in-one machine 17 and the sprayer 18 to humidify and fertilize crops and soil when the soil moisture sensor 11, the soil pH value analyzer 12, the air temperature and humidity sensor 13, the ultraviolet sensor 14 and the moisture monitor 10 monitor that the moisture, the soil moisture and the fertility of the crops are unqualified, and controlling the greenhouse temperature controller 19 to open the negative pressure fan 20, the shading motor 21 and the wet curtain water pump 22 so as to control the ventilation and the sunshine degree of the crop;
the remote control module 8 is used for positioning the region of crops through a Beidou positioner 22 and monitoring the crops at night in real time by adopting an infrared camera 23;
the image monitoring module 3 is used for backing up crops and related information collected by the data collector 2 through the memory 24, performing remote wireless control by adopting the wireless communication module 25, controlling related equipment to control the temperature, humidity, water quantity, sunshine time and ventilation time of the crops through the control computer 26, and displaying monitoring images and related data of the crops by the display 27;
the input end of the programmable PLC28 is provided with a data acquisition unit 2, and the input end of the data acquisition unit 2 is provided with a pest and disease damage monitor 9, a moisture monitor 10, a soil moisture sensor 11, a soil pH value analyzer 12, an air temperature and humidity sensor 13 and an ultraviolet sensor 14;
the programmable PLC28 connecting end is provided with a pesticide dispenser 15, a pesticide dispenser 16, a water and fertilizer all-in-one machine 17, a sprayer 18, a greenhouse temperature controller 19, a Beidou positioner 22 and an infrared camera 23;
the pesticide machine 16 and the pesticide dispenser 15 are matched for practical use, corresponding pesticide is automatically dispensed according to the detection data of crops, and the crops are quantitatively sprayed by the pesticide machine 16;
the negative pressure fan 20 is used for ventilating the environment where crops are located, and a sunshade motor 21 is adopted to store a matched sunshade curtain, so that ultraviolet irradiation of the crops is controlled.
The implementation mode is specifically as follows: the data collector 2, the dispensing machine 15, the pesticide machine 16, the water and fertilizer all-in-one machine 17, the sprayer 18, the greenhouse temperature controller 19, the Beidou positioner 22, the infrared camera 23, the memory 24, the wireless communication module 25, the control computer 26 and the display 27 are all electrically connected with the programmable PLC28, the pest and disease monitor 9, the moisture monitor 10, the soil moisture sensor 11, the soil pH value analyzer 12, the air temperature and humidity sensor 13 and the ultraviolet sensor 14 are all electrically connected with the data collector 2, the pest and disease monitoring is carried out on crops in real time through the pest and disease monitor 9, the moisture monitor 10 detects the leaf moisture of the crops, the soil moisture of the crops is detected through the soil moisture sensor 11, the pH value of the soil of the crops is detected through the soil pH value analyzer 12, the environmental temperature of the crops is detected through the air temperature and humidity sensor 13, the air temperature and humidity sensor 13 monitors the air temperature and humidity in real time, the ultraviolet intensity of the environment where crops are located is detected through the ultraviolet sensor 14, then, the pest and disease monitor 9, the moisture monitor 10, the soil moisture sensor 11, the soil pH value analyzer 12, the air temperature and humidity sensor 13 and the ultraviolet sensor 14 send detected data to the data collector 2 for gathering, and then the data are sent to the programmable PLC28, when the pest and disease monitor 9 detects that the crops have pests, the programmable PLC28 controls the dispensing machine 15 to dispense corresponding pesticides according to the detected information, and then informs the pesticide machine 16 to spray the pesticides to the crops, when the soil moisture sensor 11, the soil pH value analyzer 12, the air temperature and humidity sensor 13, the ultraviolet sensor 14 and the moisture monitor 10 monitor the moisture of the crops, and the moisture of the crops, When the fertility of the soil in the soil moisture box is unqualified, the programmable PLC28 controls the water and fertilizer integrated machine 17 and the sprayer 18 to humidify and fertilize crops and soil, meanwhile, the negative pressure fan 20, the sunshade motor 21 and the wet curtain water pump 22 are opened by controlling the greenhouse temperature controller 19, thereby controlling the ventilation and the sunshine degree of the farming, detecting the plant diseases and insect pests and the growth environment of the crops in real time, when the plant diseases and insect pests are in illness or the growth environment is not suitable, the related pesticide can be effectively prepared according to the types of the plant diseases and insect pests for spraying, meanwhile, the environment of the crops is updated and adjusted in real time, the crops are ensured to be in a proper growing environment, this embodiment has specifically solved that the plant diseases and insect pests to crops and growth environment that exist among the prior art detect the dynamics low, can't be effectual when the plant diseases and insect pests or growth environment is unsuitable, carry out the problem adjusted to its environment.
The agricultural intelligent management system based on the internet of things as shown in the attached figure 3 further comprises a remote control module 8 and an image monitoring module 3, wherein the remote control module 8 is used for positioning the region of crops through a Beidou positioner 22 and monitoring the crops at night in real time by adopting an infrared camera 23;
the image monitoring module 3 is used for backing up crops and related information collected by the data collector 2 through the memory 24, performing remote wireless control by adopting the wireless communication module 25, controlling related equipment to control the temperature, humidity, water quantity, sunshine time and ventilation time of the crops through the control computer 26, and displaying monitoring images and related data of the crops by the display 27;
the output end of the programmable PLC28 is provided with a memory 24, a wireless communication module 25, a control computer 26 and a display 27;
the output end of the programmable PLC28 is provided with a memory 24, a wireless communication module 25, a control computer 26 and a display 27;
the model of the soil moisture sensor 11 is set with XTY5131699, the soil moisture sensor 11 is also called soil moisture sensor, which is composed of stainless steel probe and waterproof probe, can be buried in soil and dam for long time, the soil moisture content of the surface soil and the deep soil is monitored at fixed points and measured on line, the model of the air temperature and humidity sensor 13 is set as JCJ175, the air temperature and humidity sensor 13 is only one of the sensors, and only after the temperature and the humidity in the air are measured by a certain detection device, converted into electric signals or other information in required form according to a certain rule and output to meet the requirements of users, the ultraviolet sensor 14 is provided with the type BISZ-HW-006, the ultraviolet sensor 14 is one of sensors, the photosensitive element can be used to convert the ultraviolet signal into a measurable electrical signal via photovoltaic mode and photoconductive mode.
The implementation mode is specifically as follows: the crop area is positioned by the Beidou positioner 22, the crop at night is monitored in real time by the infrared camera 23, the insect pest area and the non-insect pest area are positioned and repeatedly detected by the Beidou positioner 22, so that the spraying ranges of the agricultural chemical machine 16, the water and fertilizer all-in-one machine 17 and the sprayer 18 are divided, the crop and related information collected by the data collector 2 are backed up by the memory 24, the wireless communication module 25 is used for remote wireless control, the related equipment is controlled by the control computer 26 to control the temperature, humidity, water quantity, sunshine time and ventilation time of the crop, the monitoring image and related data of the crop are displayed by the display 27, each detection area and each processing area can be positioned and divided according to needs, and meanwhile, the material network remote intelligent management is carried out on the crop, the convenience of management is improved, and the embodiment specifically solves the problem that the positioning and dividing processing of each detection area and each processing area is not carried out according to the needs in the prior art.
The working principle of the invention is as follows:
referring to the attached drawings 1-3 of the specification, a pest monitor 9, a moisture monitor 10, a soil moisture sensor 11, a soil pH value analyzer 12, an air temperature and humidity sensor 13 and an ultraviolet sensor 14 send detected data to a data collector 2 for summarizing, when the pest monitor 9 detects that crops have pests, a programmable PLC28 controls a dispensing machine 15 to dispense corresponding pesticides, then a pesticide machine 16 is informed to spray the pesticides to the crops, when the moisture of the crops and the fertility of soil in a soil moisture box are detected to be unqualified, a programmable PLC28 controls a water-fertilizer integrated machine 17 and a sprayer 18 to humidify and enrich the crops and the soil, a negative pressure fan 20, a shading motor 21 and a wet curtain water pump 22 are opened by controlling a greenhouse temperature controller 19, so that the ventilation and the sunshine degree of crops are controlled, the pests and the growth environment of the crops can be detected in real time, when the plant diseases and insect pests are caused or the growth environment is not suitable, the related pair of pesticides can be effectively configured according to the types of the plant diseases and insect pests for spraying, and meanwhile, the environment of crops is updated and adjusted in real time, so that the crops are ensured to be in the suitable growth environment;
referring to specification figure 3, big dipper locator 22 fixes a position and detects repeatedly insect pest region and non-insect pest region, thereby divide department pesticide machine 16, the spraying scope of liquid manure all-in-one 17 and atomizer 18, carry out the backup through the crops and the relevant information of memory 24 data collection station 2 collection, adopt wireless communication module 25 to carry out long-range wireless control, control relevant equipment through control computer 26 and to the temperature of crops, humidity, the water yield, sunshine time and ventilation time control, can fix a position each detection area and process the regional division processing as required, carry out the long-range intelligent management of material net to crops simultaneously, promote the convenience of management.
And finally: the above description is only for the purpose of illustrating the preferred embodiments of the present invention and is not to be construed as limiting the invention, and any modifications, equivalents, improvements and the like that are within the spirit and principle of the present invention are intended to be included in the scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. The utility model provides an agricultural intelligent management system based on thing networking, includes control center (1), its characterized in that: control center (1) input is equipped with data collection station (2) and image monitoring module (3), data collection station (2) input is equipped with crop information acquisition module (4) and growing environment acquisition module (5), control center (1) link is equipped with pest epidemic prevention module (6) and soil processing module (7), control center (1) output is equipped with remote control module (8), crop information acquisition module (4) are including pest monitor (9) and moisture monitor (10), growing environment acquisition module (5) are including soil moisture sensor (11), soil PH value analysis meter (12), air temperature and humidity sensor (13) and ultraviolet sensor (14), pest epidemic prevention module (6) are including dispensing machine (15) and pesticide machine (16), soil processing module (7) are including water and fertilizer all-in-one machine (17), The greenhouse temperature monitoring system comprises a sprayer (18) and a greenhouse temperature controller (19), wherein a negative pressure fan (20) and a shading motor (21) are arranged at the connecting end of the greenhouse temperature controller (19), the image monitoring module (3) comprises a Beidou positioner (22) and an infrared camera (23), the remote control module (8) comprises a memory (24), a wireless communication module (25), a control computer (26) and a display (27), and the control center (1) comprises a programmable PLC (28);
the crop information acquisition module (4) is used for monitoring plant diseases and insect pests of crops in real time through a plant disease and insect pest monitor (9), a moisture monitor (10) is used for detecting moisture of leaves of the crops, and then the plant disease and insect pest monitor (9) and the moisture monitor (10) send detection information to the data acquisition unit (2) for gathering and then send the detection information to the programmable PLC (28);
the growth environment acquisition module (5) is used for detecting soil moisture of crops through a soil moisture sensor (11), detecting the PH value of soil of the crops through a soil PH value analyzer (12), detecting the environment temperature of the crops through an air temperature and humidity sensor (13), monitoring the air temperature and humidity through the air temperature and humidity sensor (13) in real time, detecting the ultraviolet intensity of the environment where the crops are located through an ultraviolet sensor (14), and then sending detected data to the data acquisition unit (2) for gathering through the soil moisture sensor (11), the soil PH value analyzer (12), the air temperature and humidity sensor (13) and the ultraviolet sensor (14) and then sending the data to the programmable PLC (28);
the pest and disease epidemic prevention module (6) is used for controlling the pesticide dispenser (15) to dispense corresponding pesticide according to the detected information by the programmable PLC (28) when the pest and disease monitor (9) detects that the crops have pests, and then informing the pesticide dispenser (16) to spray the pesticide to the crops;
the soil treatment module (7) is used for controlling the water-fertilizer all-in-one machine (17) and the sprayer (18) to humidify and fertilize crops and soil when the soil moisture sensor (11), the soil pH value analyzer (12), the air temperature and humidity sensor (13), the ultraviolet sensor (14) and the moisture monitor (10) monitor the moisture of the crops and the fertility of soil in a soil moisture box is unqualified, and simultaneously opening the negative pressure fan (20), the sunshade motor (21) and the wet curtain water pump (22) by controlling the greenhouse temperature controller (19) so as to control the ventilation and the sunshine degree of the crops;
the remote control module (8) is used for positioning the region of crops through a Beidou positioner (22) and monitoring the crops at night in real time by adopting an infrared camera (23);
the image monitoring module (3) is used for backing up crops and related information collected by the data collector (2) through the memory (24), the wireless communication module (25) is used for performing remote wireless control, the control computer (26) is used for controlling related equipment to control the temperature, the humidity, the water quantity, the sunshine time and the ventilation time of the crops, and the display (27) is used for displaying monitoring images and related data of the crops.
2. The agricultural intelligent management system based on the internet of things as claimed in claim 1, wherein: programmable logic controller (28) input is equipped with data collection station (2), data collection station (2) input is equipped with pest and disease damage monitor (9), moisture monitor (10), soil moisture sensor (11), soil pH value analysis meter (12), air temperature and humidity sensor (13) and ultraviolet sensor (14).
3. The agricultural intelligent management system based on the internet of things as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the programmable PLC (28) connecting end is provided with a pesticide dispenser (15), a pesticide machine (16), a water and fertilizer integrated machine (17), a sprayer (18), a greenhouse temperature controller (19), a Beidou positioner (22) and an infrared camera (23).
4. The agricultural intelligent management system based on the internet of things as claimed in claim 1, wherein: and the output end of the programmable PLC (28) is provided with a memory (24), a wireless communication module (25), a control computer (26) and a display (27).
5. The agricultural intelligent management system based on the internet of things as claimed in claim 1, wherein: pesticide machine (16) and medicine dispensing machine (15) are through supporting practicality, according to the detection data to crops, and the insecticidal medicament that automatic configuration corresponds sprays crops through pesticide machine (16) ration.
6. The agricultural intelligent management system based on the internet of things as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the negative pressure fan (20) is used for ventilating the environment where crops are located, and a sunshade motor (21) is adopted to store a matched sunshade curtain, so that ultraviolet irradiation of the crops is controlled.
7. The agricultural intelligent management system based on the internet of things as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the Beidou positioner (22) is used for positioning and repeatedly detecting insect attack areas and non-insect attack areas, so that the spraying ranges of the pesticide treatment machine (16), the water and fertilizer integrated machine (17) and the sprayer (18) are divided.
CN201910943559.0A 2019-09-30 2019-09-30 Agricultural intelligent management system based on Internet of things Pending CN110597331A (en)

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