CN110597110A - Intelligent well lid monitoring system based on Internet of things technology - Google Patents

Intelligent well lid monitoring system based on Internet of things technology Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110597110A
CN110597110A CN201910815026.4A CN201910815026A CN110597110A CN 110597110 A CN110597110 A CN 110597110A CN 201910815026 A CN201910815026 A CN 201910815026A CN 110597110 A CN110597110 A CN 110597110A
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China
Prior art keywords
well lid
module
monitoring
primary
data
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Pending
Application number
CN201910815026.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
顾爱峰
王蕾
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Nanjing Ai Digital Information Technology Co Ltd
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Nanjing Ai Digital Information Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201910815026.4A priority Critical patent/CN110597110A/en
Publication of CN110597110A publication Critical patent/CN110597110A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • GPHYSICS
    • G05CONTROLLING; REGULATING
    • G05BCONTROL OR REGULATING SYSTEMS IN GENERAL; FUNCTIONAL ELEMENTS OF SUCH SYSTEMS; MONITORING OR TESTING ARRANGEMENTS FOR SUCH SYSTEMS OR ELEMENTS
    • G05B19/00Programme-control systems
    • G05B19/02Programme-control systems electric
    • G05B19/04Programme control other than numerical control, i.e. in sequence controllers or logic controllers
    • G05B19/042Programme control other than numerical control, i.e. in sequence controllers or logic controllers using digital processors
    • G05B19/0423Input/output
    • GPHYSICS
    • G05CONTROLLING; REGULATING
    • G05BCONTROL OR REGULATING SYSTEMS IN GENERAL; FUNCTIONAL ELEMENTS OF SUCH SYSTEMS; MONITORING OR TESTING ARRANGEMENTS FOR SUCH SYSTEMS OR ELEMENTS
    • G05B2219/00Program-control systems
    • G05B2219/20Pc systems
    • G05B2219/25Pc structure of the system
    • G05B2219/25257Microcontroller

Abstract

The invention discloses an intelligent well lid monitoring system based on the technology of the Internet of things, which comprises a primary system, a transit system and a main control system, wherein the primary system is an equipment system arranged in a well lid or at the bottom of the well lid and is used for monitoring the state of a detection well lid so as to acquire well lid information in real time; the transfer system is an equipment system which is arranged on the air or in a green belt of a pre-defined area to receive and upload the data of the primary system, plays a role in starting and stopping, and simultaneously preprocesses the data of the primary system. According to the well lid monitoring system, the first-stage, transfer and main control systems are arranged, the well lid monitoring system with a wide coverage area and a very large base number is connected with the main control system for monitoring, the transfer processing and integrating function of the transfer system is utilized, the monitoring data with the large base number are processed and then sent to the main control system, the data processing space occupancy rate of the main control system is reduced, meanwhile, the data reading and identifying application is faster, and the well lid monitoring is more real-time.

Description

Intelligent well lid monitoring system based on Internet of things technology
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of monitoring, and particularly relates to an intelligent well lid monitoring system based on the technology of the Internet of things.
Background
The well lid is as the essential part of city normal operating, there is also considerable economic value, because the special nature of well lid work, the material of having injectd the preparation well lid must be the heat-resisting cold-resistant metal material of higher hardness, such well lid has certain economic value, the setting of well lid facility is mobilizable, just so for lawless persons in order to take the opportunity, a large amount of well lids of stealing, well lid on the city street shifts or loses not only to bring very big puzzlement for municipal administration and ownership unit, more brought inconvenience and potential safety hazard for citizen's trip. A small number of well lids with simple mechanical anti-theft functions are used in the market, and the anti-theft effect is not good because the well lids are easy to be identified and broken; some electromagnetic well lid designs have a problem, for example, utilize electromagnetic coil actuation to appear the spring easily and rust ageing scheduling problem, therefore we propose an intelligent well lid monitored control system based on internet of things.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to: in order to solve the problem that the well lid protection monitoring in the prior art is difficult, an intelligent well lid monitoring system based on the Internet of things technology is provided.
The technical scheme adopted by the invention is as follows:
an intelligent well lid monitoring system based on the technology of the Internet of things comprises a primary system, a transit system and a main control system, wherein the primary system is an equipment system which is arranged in a well lid or at the bottom of the well lid and is used for monitoring the state of a detection well lid so as to acquire well lid information in real time; the transfer system is an equipment system which is arranged on the air or in a green belt of a pre-defined area to receive and upload data of the primary system, plays a role in starting and stopping, and simultaneously preprocesses the data of the primary system, so that the main control system can directly obtain readable data, and the operation burden of the main control system is reduced; the main control system is an equipment system arranged in a well lid monitoring management center, is the most terminal of the whole monitoring system and is also the most perfect port for data information processing, is used for displaying monitoring information, and is convenient for managers to check and manage.
The primary system comprises a single-chip microcomputer module, a wireless communication module, a damage detection module and a power supply module, wherein the single-chip microcomputer module is a chip module which is arranged in the well lid or equipment at the bottom of the well lid and used for overall operation of the primary system; the wireless communication module is connected with the single chip microcomputer module and used for wirelessly transmitting the real-time state information of the well lid to the transfer system, and the wireless communication module adopts a low-power-consumption short-range communication technology; the damage detection module is arranged in the well lid or at the bottom of the well lid and is used for detecting whether the well lid is broken or not, when the damage detection module is applied, the damage detection module recommends that a lead is fixed at two ends of the well lid, and a breaking circuit of the lead is used for detection; the power module is used for providing electric power required by operation work for the single chip microcomputer module, the wireless communication module, the acceleration sensor and the breakage detection module, and the power module uses a rechargeable power supply.
Wherein, the primary system still includes acceleration sensor, acceleration sensor installation and well lid in or the equipment of well lid bottom for detect the sound information of well lid, avoid the well lid stolen.
The primary system also comprises a dormancy module, wherein the dormancy module is used for converting a module which does not generate data volume in a certain time and a program into a low-power-consumption dormancy state so as to reduce the overall working power consumption of the primary system and prolong the time of single use.
The transfer system comprises a communication transceiving module, a data processing module and a network module, wherein the communication transceiving module is used for receiving well lid state data information transmitted by the primary system and simultaneously issuing an instruction of the master control system to the primary system; the data processing module processes the received well lid state data information by using the manufactured processing model and template, integrates, summarizes and compresses the well lid state data information so as to facilitate direct reading of a master control system; the network module bridges the transfer system and the master control system by using the existing GPRS network communication technology.
The transit system further comprises a storage module, and the storage module is used for storing the received well lid state data transmitted by the primary system, avoiding data loss and providing maintenance data support.
The main control system comprises a CPU module, a network communication module, a display module, a database and a man-machine interaction module, wherein the CPU module, namely an existing CPU chip, is a processing control core of the main control system; the network communication module uses the existing wired network and GPRS wireless network, is used for receiving the data upload of the transfer system, and is connected with the Internet; the display module is used for displaying the received well lid state information, is convenient to check and is a display; the database stores the positions and data of all well lids and the information of the transit system and the primary system, and is used for providing the running data support of the master control system; the man-machine interaction module is an equipment module used for a manager to perform control management operation, and comprises a keyboard and a mouse.
The master control system further comprises an alarm module, and the alarm module is used for carrying out alarm prompt on abnormal state transition data information so as to remind a manager to find and process the abnormal state transition data information in time.
In summary, due to the adoption of the technical scheme, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. according to the well lid monitoring system, the first-stage, transfer and main control systems are arranged, the well lid monitoring system with a wide coverage area and a very large base number is connected with the main control system for monitoring, the transfer processing and integrating function of the transfer system is utilized, the monitoring data with the large base number are processed and then sent to the main control system, the data processing space occupancy rate of the main control system is reduced, meanwhile, the data reading and identifying application is faster, and the well lid monitoring is more real-time.
2. According to the manhole cover monitoring system, the acceleration sensor and the damage detection module are arranged on the manhole cover, the acceleration sensor outputs an acceleration signal when the manhole cover moves, so that whether the manhole cover is in the original position or not and whether the manhole cover is stolen or not is identified, the damage detection module detects whether the manhole cover is complete or not, the manhole cover is monitored through analysis and processing of the data, the manhole cover is effectively and timely found to be stolen and damaged, maintenance constructors are timely arranged to handle the manhole cover, and pedestrian and vehicle safety is guaranteed.
3. According to the well lid monitoring system, the master control system is connected with the Internet, and meanwhile, the well lid monitoring system of the Internet of things is constructed by combining the received well lid state data information and the relevant information such as roads and weather on the Internet, so that the state and subsequent problems of the well lid can be known more comprehensively and visually in a prediction mode, and the management is more scientific.
4. In the invention, the dormancy module is arranged in the primary system, the module and the program which do not generate data volume within the set time are converted into the dormancy mode with low power consumption, so as to reduce the overall power consumption, and the power consumption of the power supply module is further reduced by matching the short-range wireless communication with low power consumption, thereby prolonging the use time of single charging.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a system block diagram of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a system block diagram of a primary system of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a system block diagram of the relay system of the present invention;
fig. 4 is a system modular block diagram of the master control system of the present invention.
The labels in the figure are: 1. a primary system; 2. a transfer system; 3. a master control system; 10. a single chip module; 11. a wireless communication module; 12. an acceleration sensor; 13. a crushing detection module; 14. a power supply module; 15. a sleep module; 20. a communication transceiver module; 21. a data processing module; 22. a network module; 23. a storage module; 30. a CPU module; 31. a network communication module; 32. a display module; 33. an alarm module; 34. a database; 35. and a man-machine interaction module.
Detailed Description
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention more apparent, the present invention is described in further detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings and embodiments. It should be understood that the specific embodiments described herein are merely illustrative of the invention and are not intended to limit the invention.
In an embodiment, referring to fig. 1 to 4, an intelligent well lid monitoring system based on an internet of things technology includes a primary system 1, a transit system 2 and a master control system 3, where the primary system 1 is an equipment system installed in a well lid or at the bottom of the well lid, and is used for monitoring and detecting the state of the well lid to obtain well lid information in real time; the transfer system 2 is an equipment system which is arranged on the air or in a green belt of a pre-defined area to receive and upload data of the primary system, plays a role of starting and stopping, and simultaneously preprocesses the data of the primary system, so that the main control system can directly obtain readable data, and the operation burden of the main control system is reduced; the main control system 3 is an equipment system installed in a well lid monitoring management center, is the most terminal of the whole monitoring system and is also the most perfect port for data information processing, is used for displaying monitoring information, and is convenient for managers to check and manage;
the primary system 1 comprises a single-chip microcomputer module 10, a wireless communication module 11, an acceleration sensor 12, a damage detection module 13 and a power supply module 14, wherein the single-chip microcomputer module 10 is a chip module which is installed in a well lid or equipment at the bottom of the well lid and is used for integrally controlling the operation of the primary system; the wireless communication module 11 is connected with the single chip microcomputer module and used for wirelessly transmitting the real-time state information of the well lid to the transfer system, and the wireless communication module adopts a low-power-consumption short-range communication technology; the acceleration sensor 12 is installed in the well lid or equipment at the bottom of the well lid and used for detecting dynamic and static information of the well lid and avoiding the well lid from being stolen; the damage detection module 13 is installed in the well lid or at the bottom of the well lid and is used for detecting whether the well lid is broken or not, and when the damage detection module is applied, the damage detection module recommends that a lead is fixed at two ends of the well lid, and a breaking circuit of the lead is used for detection; the power supply module 14 is used for supplying electric power required by operation work to the single chip microcomputer module, the wireless communication module, the acceleration sensor and the damage detection module, and the power supply module uses a rechargeable power supply;
the transit system 2 comprises a communication transceiver module 20, a data processing module 21 and a network module 22, wherein the communication transceiver module 20 is used for receiving well lid state data information transmitted by a primary system and sending instructions of a master control system to the primary system; the data processing module 21 processes the received well lid state data information by using the manufactured processing model and template, integrates, summarizes and compresses the well lid state data information so as to facilitate direct reading of a master control system; the network module 22 bridges the transit system with the main control system by using the existing GPRS network communication technology;
the main control system 3 comprises a CPU module 30, a network communication module 31, a display module 32, an alarm module 33, a database 34 and a human-computer interaction module 35, wherein the CPU module 30, namely an existing CPU chip, is a processing control core of the main control system; the network communication module 31 uses the existing wired network and the GPRS wireless network, and is used for receiving the data upload of the transfer system and simultaneously connecting with the internet; the display module 32 is used for displaying the received well lid state information, is convenient to check and is a display; the alarm module 33 is used for carrying out alarm prompt on abnormal state transition data information so as to remind a manager to find and process the abnormal state transition data information in time; the database 34 stores the positions and data of all the well lids and the information of the transit system and the primary system, and is used for providing the operation data support of the master control system; the human-computer interaction module 35 is an equipment module for a manager to perform control and management operations, and includes a keyboard and a mouse.
In the second embodiment, referring to fig. 1 to 4, an intelligent well lid monitoring system based on the internet of things technology includes a primary system 1, a transit system 2 and a master control system 3, wherein the primary system 1 is an equipment system installed in a well lid or at the bottom of the well lid and used for monitoring and detecting the state of the well lid to obtain well lid information in real time; the transfer system 2 is an equipment system which is arranged on the air or in a green belt of a pre-defined area to receive and upload data of the primary system, plays a role of starting and stopping, and simultaneously preprocesses the data of the primary system, so that the main control system can directly obtain readable data, and the operation burden of the main control system is reduced; the main control system 3 is an equipment system installed in a well lid monitoring management center, is the most terminal of the whole monitoring system and is also the most perfect port for data information processing, is used for displaying monitoring information, and is convenient for managers to check and manage;
the primary system 1 comprises a single-chip microcomputer module 10, a wireless communication module 11, an acceleration sensor 12, a damage detection module 13, a power supply module 14 and a dormancy module 15, wherein the single-chip microcomputer module 10 is a chip module which is installed in a well lid or equipment at the bottom of the well lid and is used for overall operation of the primary system; the wireless communication module 11 is connected with the single chip microcomputer module and used for wirelessly transmitting the real-time state information of the well lid to the transfer system, and the wireless communication module adopts a low-power-consumption short-range communication technology; the acceleration sensor 12 is installed in the well lid or equipment at the bottom of the well lid and used for detecting dynamic and static information of the well lid and avoiding the well lid from being stolen; the damage detection module 13 is installed in the well lid or at the bottom of the well lid and is used for detecting whether the well lid is broken or not, and when the damage detection module is applied, the damage detection module recommends that a lead is fixed at two ends of the well lid, and a breaking circuit of the lead is used for detection; the power supply module 14 is used for supplying electric power required by operation work to the single chip microcomputer module, the wireless communication module, the acceleration sensor and the damage detection module, and the power supply module uses a rechargeable power supply; the sleep module 15 is used for converting a module which does not generate data volume in a certain time and a program into a low-power-consumption sleep state so as to reduce the overall working power consumption of a primary system and prolong the time of single use;
the transit system 2 comprises a communication transceiver module 20, a data processing module 21, a network module 22 and a storage module 23, wherein the communication transceiver module 20 is used for receiving well lid state data information transmitted by a primary system and issuing a command of a master control system to the primary system; the data processing module 21 processes the received well lid state data information by using the manufactured processing model and template, integrates, summarizes and compresses the well lid state data information so as to facilitate direct reading of a master control system; the network module 22 bridges the transit system with the main control system by using the existing GPRS network communication technology; the storage module 23 is used for storing the received well lid state data transmitted by the primary system, avoiding data loss and providing maintenance data support;
the main control system 3 comprises a CPU module 30, a network communication module 31, a display module 32, an alarm module 33, a database 34 and a human-computer interaction module 35, wherein the CPU module 30, namely an existing CPU chip, is a processing control core of the main control system; the network communication module 31 uses the existing wired network and the GPRS wireless network, and is used for receiving the data upload of the transfer system and simultaneously connecting with the internet; the display module 32 is used for displaying the received well lid state information, is convenient to check and is a display; the alarm module 33 is used for carrying out alarm prompt on abnormal state transition data information so as to remind a manager to find and process the abnormal state transition data information in time; the database 34 stores the positions and data of all the well lids and the information of the transit system and the primary system, and is used for providing the operation data support of the master control system; the human-computer interaction module 35 is an equipment module for a manager to perform control and management operations, and includes a keyboard and a mouse.
The above description is only for the purpose of illustrating the preferred embodiments of the present invention and is not to be construed as limiting the invention, and any modifications, equivalents and improvements made within the spirit and principle of the present invention are intended to be included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. An intelligent well lid monitoring system based on the internet of things technology is characterized by comprising a primary system (1), a transfer system (2) and a main control system (3), wherein the primary system (1) is an equipment system arranged in a well lid or at the bottom of the well lid and used for monitoring and detecting the state of the well lid so as to acquire well lid information in real time; the transfer system (2) is an equipment system which is arranged on the air or in a green belt of a pre-defined area to receive and upload data of the primary system, and simultaneously preprocesses the data of the primary system to ensure that the main control system directly obtains readable data; the main control system (3) is an equipment system arranged in a well lid monitoring management center, is the most terminal of the whole monitoring system and is also the most perfect port for data information processing, and is used for displaying monitoring information for the checking and management of managers.
2. The intelligent well lid monitoring system based on the internet of things technology is characterized in that the primary system (1) comprises a single chip microcomputer module (10), a wireless communication module (11), a breakage detection module (13) and a power supply module (14).
3. The intelligent well lid monitoring system based on the internet of things technology is characterized in that the primary system (1) further comprises an acceleration sensor (12), and the acceleration sensor (12) is installed in the well lid or equipment at the bottom of the well lid and used for detecting dynamic and static information of the well lid.
4. The intelligent well lid monitoring system based on the internet of things technology as claimed in claim 2, wherein the primary system (1) further comprises a dormancy module (15), and the dormancy module (15) is used for converting modules and programs which do not generate data volume for a certain time into a low-power-consumption dormancy state, so that the overall working power consumption of the primary system is reduced, and the time length of a single use is prolonged.
5. The intelligent well lid monitoring system based on the internet of things technology is characterized in that the transfer system (2) comprises a communication transceiver module (20), a data processing module (21) and a network module (22).
6. The intelligent well lid monitoring system based on the internet of things technology as claimed in claim 5, wherein the transit system (2) further comprises a storage module (23), and the storage module (23) is used for storing the received well lid state data transmitted by the primary system, backing up the data and providing maintenance data support.
7. The intelligent well lid monitoring system based on the internet of things technology is characterized in that the main control system (3) comprises a CPU module (30), a network communication module (31), a display module (32), a database (34) and a human-computer interaction module (35).
8. The intelligent well lid monitoring system based on the internet of things technology as claimed in claim 7, wherein the main control system (3) further comprises an alarm module (33), and the alarm module (33) is used for giving an alarm prompt to abnormal state transition data information so as to remind a manager to find and process the abnormal state transition data information in time.
CN201910815026.4A 2019-08-30 2019-08-30 Intelligent well lid monitoring system based on Internet of things technology Pending CN110597110A (en)

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Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN205881075U (en) * 2016-05-16 2017-01-11 北京信息基础设施建设股份有限公司 Intelligent city well lid monitored control system
CN107326934A (en) * 2017-07-12 2017-11-07 刘宏 Intelligent well cover monitoring system based on Internet of Things
CN107786640A (en) * 2017-09-30 2018-03-09 上海邦芯物联网科技有限公司 A kind of city intelligent manhole cover system and management method
CN207817478U (en) * 2018-02-06 2018-09-04 延安大学 A kind of intelligent well cover monitoring system based on cloud platform
CN108551469A (en) * 2018-03-16 2018-09-18 珠海横琴新区通泰新能源有限公司 Intelligent well cover monitoring system and method based on NB-IoT technologies
CN109697839A (en) * 2018-12-11 2019-04-30 重庆邮电大学 Intelligent well cover monitoring system based on technology of Internet of things

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN205881075U (en) * 2016-05-16 2017-01-11 北京信息基础设施建设股份有限公司 Intelligent city well lid monitored control system
CN107326934A (en) * 2017-07-12 2017-11-07 刘宏 Intelligent well cover monitoring system based on Internet of Things
CN107786640A (en) * 2017-09-30 2018-03-09 上海邦芯物联网科技有限公司 A kind of city intelligent manhole cover system and management method
CN207817478U (en) * 2018-02-06 2018-09-04 延安大学 A kind of intelligent well cover monitoring system based on cloud platform
CN108551469A (en) * 2018-03-16 2018-09-18 珠海横琴新区通泰新能源有限公司 Intelligent well cover monitoring system and method based on NB-IoT technologies
CN109697839A (en) * 2018-12-11 2019-04-30 重庆邮电大学 Intelligent well cover monitoring system based on technology of Internet of things

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Application publication date: 20191220