CN110588387A - Suspension type charging platform and method for multi-rotor unmanned aerial vehicle - Google Patents

Suspension type charging platform and method for multi-rotor unmanned aerial vehicle Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110588387A
CN110588387A CN201910851312.6A CN201910851312A CN110588387A CN 110588387 A CN110588387 A CN 110588387A CN 201910851312 A CN201910851312 A CN 201910851312A CN 110588387 A CN110588387 A CN 110588387A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
charging
unmanned aerial
aerial vehicle
platform
module
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Pending
Application number
CN201910851312.6A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
蔡则鹏
苏成悦
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Guangdong University of Technology
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Guangdong University of Technology
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Priority to CN201910851312.6A priority Critical patent/CN110588387A/en
Publication of CN110588387A publication Critical patent/CN110588387A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L53/00Methods of charging batteries, specially adapted for electric vehicles; Charging stations or on-board charging equipment therefor; Exchange of energy storage elements in electric vehicles
    • B60L53/10Methods of charging batteries, specially adapted for electric vehicles; Charging stations or on-board charging equipment therefor; Exchange of energy storage elements in electric vehicles characterised by the energy transfer between the charging station and the vehicle
    • B60L53/12Inductive energy transfer
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L53/00Methods of charging batteries, specially adapted for electric vehicles; Charging stations or on-board charging equipment therefor; Exchange of energy storage elements in electric vehicles
    • B60L53/30Constructional details of charging stations
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L53/00Methods of charging batteries, specially adapted for electric vehicles; Charging stations or on-board charging equipment therefor; Exchange of energy storage elements in electric vehicles
    • B60L53/50Charging stations characterised by energy-storage or power-generation means
    • B60L53/51Photovoltaic means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L53/00Methods of charging batteries, specially adapted for electric vehicles; Charging stations or on-board charging equipment therefor; Exchange of energy storage elements in electric vehicles
    • B60L53/60Monitoring or controlling charging stations
    • B60L53/66Data transfer between charging stations and vehicles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B64AIRCRAFT; AVIATION; COSMONAUTICS
    • B64CAEROPLANES; HELICOPTERS
    • B64C27/00Rotorcraft; Rotors peculiar thereto
    • B64C27/04Helicopters
    • B64C27/08Helicopters with two or more rotors
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L2200/00Type of vehicles
    • B60L2200/10Air crafts
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/70Energy storage systems for electromobility, e.g. batteries
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/7072Electromobility specific charging systems or methods for batteries, ultracapacitors, supercapacitors or double-layer capacitors
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T90/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02T90/10Technologies relating to charging of electric vehicles
    • Y02T90/12Electric charging stations
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T90/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02T90/10Technologies relating to charging of electric vehicles
    • Y02T90/14Plug-in electric vehicles
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T90/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02T90/10Technologies relating to charging of electric vehicles
    • Y02T90/16Information or communication technologies improving the operation of electric vehicles

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Power Engineering (AREA)
  • Transportation (AREA)
  • Aviation & Aerospace Engineering (AREA)
  • Charge And Discharge Circuits For Batteries Or The Like (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a suspension type charging platform and a suspension type charging method for a multi-rotor unmanned aerial vehicle, wherein the charging platform comprises a bracket, a charging assembly, a magnetic force generating device, a platform control module and a platform communication module; the bracket is provided with a connecting component for connecting with the strut; the charging assembly comprises a wireless charging module and power supply equipment for providing power for the wireless charging module, and the wireless charging module comprises a wireless charging transmitting module and a wireless charging receiving module; magnetic force generating device sets up in the bottom of support, and magnetic force generating device's absorption fixed position corresponds with wireless charging emission module's receipt response position, and the unmanned aerial vehicle top of treating to charge is equipped with the magnetic metal spare that matches with magnetic force generating device. According to the invention, magnetic adsorption and fixation and wireless charging are combined, so that the unmanned aerial vehicle can still carry objects during charging, the design is ingenious, the practicability is strong, and the cruising ability of the unmanned aerial vehicle can be improved.

Description

Suspension type charging platform and method for multi-rotor unmanned aerial vehicle
Technical Field
The invention relates to an unmanned aerial vehicle charging method, in particular to a suspension type charging platform and a method for a multi-rotor unmanned aerial vehicle.
Background
Along with the continuous development of unmanned aerial vehicle technique, many rotor unmanned aerial vehicle's application is more and more extensive, and unmanned aerial vehicle's trades such as unmanned on duty, power line are patrolled and examined and unmanned aerial vehicle express delivery develop very rapidly. The power supply element that many rotor unmanned aerial vehicle generally adopted is the lithium cell, though lithium cell energy density is bigger, but many rotor unmanned aerial vehicle's power consumption is also very big, when leading to many rotor unmanned aerial vehicle to function, unmanned aerial vehicle only can function 30 minutes more, and duration is weak, has many manufacturers to develop unmanned aerial vehicle's charging platform specially for this to in time charge unmanned aerial vehicle, ensure that the operation can normally go on.
Generally adopt the platform that charges that is equipped with the interface of contact among the prior art to supply power for unmanned aerial vehicle, when unmanned aerial vehicle need charge continuation of the journey, descend earlier on charging platform's assigned position, charge again, though can charge for unmanned aerial vehicle, still have following problem:
1. when unmanned aerial vehicle carried article, need put down article earlier and just can descend and charge, need carry article once more and just can carry out normal transportation after the completion charges, can't directly fall and charge on charging the platform, troublesome poeration prolongs the charge time, influences the conveying efficiency of article.
2. The charging platform that sets up subaerial occupies space greatly to when unmanned aerial vehicle need charge, all need come and go the charging platform, consumed a large amount of electric energy, weakened unmanned aerial vehicle's duration.
3. Unmanned aerial vehicle descends on the platform that charges the back, and it lacks the fixed to unmanned aerial vehicle to charge on the platform, breaks away from with the interface that charges under the influence such as external climate environment or other human factors easily, can't realize normally charging, produces certain damage to unmanned aerial vehicle even.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to overcome the defects of the prior art and provides a suspension type charging platform of a multi-rotor unmanned aerial vehicle, the charging platform realizes that the unmanned aerial vehicle charges when mounting an object, simplifies the charging operation of the unmanned aerial vehicle, can shorten the charging back and forth route of the unmanned aerial vehicle, is beneficial to improving the cruising ability of the unmanned aerial vehicle, and can fix the position of the unmanned aerial vehicle when the unmanned aerial vehicle is charged so as to prevent charging failure or damage.
Another object of the present invention is to provide a method for charging a multi-rotor drone in a suspended manner.
The purpose of the invention is realized by the following technical scheme:
a suspension type charging platform of a multi-rotor unmanned aerial vehicle is characterized by comprising a bracket, a charging assembly, a magnetic force generating device, a platform control module and a platform communication module; the support is provided with a connecting assembly used for being connected with the strut; the charging assembly comprises a wireless charging module and power supply equipment for providing power for the wireless charging module, the wireless charging module comprises a wireless charging transmitting module and a wireless charging receiving module, the wireless charging transmitting module is connected with the power supply equipment and arranged at the bottom of the bracket, the wireless charging receiving module is arranged on the unmanned aerial vehicle and connected with a battery of the unmanned aerial vehicle, and the wireless charging transmitting module and the wireless charging receiving module perform coupling transmission of electric energy during charging; the magnetic force generating device is arranged at the bottom of the bracket, the adsorption fixing position of the magnetic force generating device corresponds to the receiving induction position of the wireless charging emission module, and a magnetic metal piece matched with the magnetic force generating device is arranged at the top of the unmanned aerial vehicle to be charged; the platform communication module is in signal transmission with a body communication module on the unmanned aerial vehicle; the platform control module is connected with the platform communication module, the charging assembly and the magnetic force generation device.
Above-mentioned many rotor unmanned aerial vehicle's suspension type solar charging level platform's theory of operation is:
the suspension type charging platforms of the multi-rotor unmanned aerial vehicle are reasonably distributed and arranged according to specific areas, so that a plurality of charging platforms are arranged in a certain area. When the unmanned aerial vehicle is insufficient in electric quantity and needs to be charged, a nearby idle charging platform is found out firstly, and after a certain nearby idle charging platform is determined, the machine body communication module sends a charging signal to the platform communication module; the platform communication module sends position information of the platform to the unmanned aerial vehicle after receiving the charging signal, and the unmanned aerial vehicle flies to the lower part of a bracket of the charging platform according to the position information and is aligned with the charging position at the bottom of the bracket; then, the unmanned aerial vehicle sends a parking signal to the charging platform, and after the platform communication module receives the parking signal, the platform control module controls the magnetic force generating device to work, so that the adsorption fixed position at the bottom of the bracket generates magnetic force; the unmanned aerial vehicle gradually flies upwards, so that the magnetic metal piece at the top of the unmanned aerial vehicle is contacted with the adsorption fixed position at the bottom of the bracket and is adsorbed and fixed at the bottom of the charging platform under the action of the magnetic force generating device; meanwhile, the unmanned aerial vehicle stops running, and the propeller stops working; then, the platform control module controls the wireless charging transmitting module to perform coupling transmission of electric energy to a wireless charging receiving module on the unmanned aerial vehicle, so that the unmanned aerial vehicle is charged;
after the unmanned aerial vehicle finishes charging, the body communication module sends a leaving signal to the platform communication module, and the platform control module controls the wireless charging transmitting module to stop transmitting electric energy with the wireless charging receiving module, so that the unmanned aerial vehicle stops continuing charging; meanwhile, the platform control module controls the magnetic force generating device to stop working, and the magnetic metal piece on the top of the unmanned aerial vehicle is not adsorbed any more; and, unmanned aerial vehicle reruns, and the screw continues to work again, and unmanned aerial vehicle continues the flight task.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the power supply device is a solar charging device; the solar charging equipment comprises a solar cell panel, a solar charging module and a storage battery, wherein the solar cell panel is arranged at the top of the bracket and connected with the solar charging module, the solar charging module is connected with the storage battery, the solar cell panel transmits the acquired energy to the solar charging module, and the solar charging module converts the energy into electric energy and transmits the electric energy to the storage battery; the wireless charging transmitting module is connected with the storage battery. The solar charging device is adopted as the power supply device in combination with the suspended charging platform, so that on one hand, the advantage of suspension of the charging platform can be fully utilized, solar clean energy can be fully obtained at a high position, electric power is provided for the wireless charging module, and the cost is effectively reduced; on the other hand, need not to use wired power supply unit, can simplify the charging platform structure to the installation of being convenient for brings better flexibility for charging platform's installation.
According to a preferable scheme of the invention, the bracket comprises a first bearing plate, a second bearing plate, a third bearing plate and a connecting frame, wherein the first bearing plate, the second bearing plate and the third bearing plate are sequentially arranged on the connecting frame from top to bottom; one side of the connecting frame is provided with a connecting component which extends outwards and is connected with the connecting component. Through setting up such support, the installation of the spare part of being convenient for to simple structure is light, is favorable to fixed mounting on the pillar, thereby realizes hanging.
Preferably, a plurality of adjusting rod assemblies for mounting the solar panel are arranged on the connecting frame; each adjusting rod assembly comprises a fixed rod and a bolt fixing structure arranged on the fixed rod; the first bearing plate is provided with mounting holes which correspond to the fixing rods of the plurality of regulating rod assemblies one by one; the first bearing plate is fixed on the adjusting rod through the bolt fixing structure. The position of the bolt fixing structure of each fixing rod is adjusted, so that the inclination direction and the angle of the first bearing plate are changed, the position of the solar cell is adjusted, and solar energy is obtained better.
Preferably, the number of the lever assemblies is four, and the four lever assemblies correspond to four corners of the first loading plate respectively.
Preferably, a buffer piece is arranged between the second bearing plate and the third bearing plate, the top of the buffer piece is connected with the bottom of the second bearing plate, and the bottom of the buffer piece is connected with the top of the third bearing plate. Through the setting of bolster, be favorable to improving stability and soft nature when adsorbing unmanned aerial vehicle to play the guard action to unmanned aerial vehicle and charging platform.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the connecting assembly includes two connecting members disposed opposite to each other and a bolt connecting structure for fixing the two connecting members together; each connecting piece comprises an arc-shaped matching part and connecting parts arranged on two sides of the arc-shaped matching part, and the bolt connecting structure is arranged on the connecting parts; the connecting component is connected with one of the connecting pieces. Through setting up such coupling assembling, be convenient for be connected with the cylinder of cylindrical structures such as outdoor pillar or lamp pole, easy dismounting.
In a preferred scheme of the invention, the platform control module further comprises a control box, wherein the platform control module is arranged in the control box; the control box is connected to the pillar through the mounting assembly, and the mounting assembly and the support are of a split structure. The platform control module is installed by additionally arranging the control box, so that the installation position of the platform control module is more flexible, the control box can be arranged at a relatively lower position, and the maintenance and the inspection of workers are facilitated.
A suspension type charging method of a multi-rotor unmanned aerial vehicle is characterized by comprising the following steps:
(1) the plurality of suspension type charging platforms are respectively arranged on the pillars in different areas; when the unmanned aerial vehicle is low in electric quantity and needs to be charged, the unmanned aerial vehicle communicates with the platform communication modules on the plurality of charging platforms through the body communication module on the unmanned aerial vehicle, and a nearby idle charging platform is found; after determining a certain charging platform which is idle nearby, the machine body communication module sends a charging signal to a platform communication module of the charging platform;
(2) after receiving a charging signal of the unmanned aerial vehicle, a platform communication module of the charging platform sends position information of the platform to the unmanned aerial vehicle, and the unmanned aerial vehicle flies to the lower part of the charging platform according to the position information and is aligned with a charging position at the bottom of the charging platform;
(3) the unmanned aerial vehicle sends a parking signal to the charging platform, and after a platform communication module of the charging platform receives the parking signal, a platform control module on the charging platform controls a magnetic force generating device to work, so that the adsorption fixed position at the bottom of the charging platform generates magnetic force;
(4) the unmanned aerial vehicle gradually flies upwards, so that the magnetic metal piece at the top of the unmanned aerial vehicle is in contact with the adsorption fixed position at the bottom of the charging platform and is adsorbed and fixed at the bottom of the charging platform under the action of the magnetic force generating device; meanwhile, the unmanned aerial vehicle stops running, and the propeller stops working;
(5) the platform control module controls the wireless charging transmitting module on the charging platform to perform coupling transmission of electric energy to the wireless charging receiving module on the unmanned aerial vehicle, so that the unmanned aerial vehicle is charged;
(6) after the unmanned aerial vehicle finishes charging, a leaving signal is sent to the charging platform, and the platform control module controls the wireless charging transmitting module to stop transmitting electric energy with the wireless charging receiving module, so that the unmanned aerial vehicle stops charging; simultaneously platform control module control magnetic force generating device stop work no longer adsorbs the magnetic metal spare at unmanned aerial vehicle top, unmanned aerial vehicle rerun, and the screw continues to the rerun, and unmanned aerial vehicle continues the flight task.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the following beneficial effects:
1. according to the suspension type charging platform of the multi-rotor unmanned aerial vehicle, magnetic adsorption and fixation and wireless charging are combined, charging can be achieved only by contacting with the magnetic metal piece on the top of the unmanned aerial vehicle, and objects can still be mounted during charging, so that the suspension type charging platform is ingenious in design and high in practicability; simultaneously make full use of the advantage of suspension type charging platform, shortened the round trip that unmanned aerial vehicle charges, be favorable to improving unmanned aerial vehicle's duration.
2. The suspension type charging platform of the multi-rotor unmanned aerial vehicle is arranged on the support column, so that the occupied space can be effectively reduced, and the damage to animals or people on the ground can be avoided.
3. The suspension type charging platform of the multi-rotor unmanned aerial vehicle realizes automatic parking and charging of the unmanned aerial vehicle in a communication and automatic control mode without manual participation.
4. The suspension type charging method of the multi-rotor unmanned aerial vehicle realizes that the unmanned aerial vehicle can be charged while carrying articles, simplifies the charging operation of the unmanned aerial vehicle, shortens the charging round and trip route of the unmanned aerial vehicle, is beneficial to improving the cruising ability of the unmanned aerial vehicle, and fixes the position of the unmanned aerial vehicle through magnetic force adsorption when the unmanned aerial vehicle is charged so as to prevent charging failure or damage.
Drawings
Fig. 1-3 are schematic structural views of one embodiment of a suspended charging platform of a multi-rotor unmanned aerial vehicle according to the invention; fig. 1 is a perspective view, fig. 2 is a perspective view from another perspective, and fig. 3 is an exploded view.
Fig. 4 is a perspective view of a drone mated with a suspended charging platform of a multi-rotor drone of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is a system schematic of a suspended charging platform of a multi-rotor drone of the present invention.
Wherein the reference numerals are as follows:
1-connecting component, 2-second bearing plate, 3-first bearing plate, 4-solar panel, 5-buffer component, 6-third bearing plate, 7-wireless charging module, 8-magnetic force generating device, 9-magnetic metal piece, 10-control box, 11-fixing rod, 12-mounting component, 13-object, 14-protection frame and 15-linking component.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be further described with reference to the following examples and drawings, but the embodiments of the present invention are not limited thereto.
Referring to fig. 1 to 5, the suspension type charging platform of the multi-rotor unmanned aerial vehicle of the present embodiment includes a bracket, a charging assembly, a magnetic force generating device 8, a platform control module, and a platform communication module; the support is provided with a connecting assembly 1 for connecting with a pillar, and the connecting assembly 1 is composed of a detachable connecting structure; the charging assembly comprises a wireless charging module 7 and power supply equipment for providing power for the wireless charging module 7, the wireless charging module 7 comprises a wireless charging transmitting module and a wireless charging receiving module, the wireless charging transmitting module is connected with the power supply equipment and arranged at the bottom of the bracket, the wireless charging receiving module is arranged on the unmanned aerial vehicle and connected with a battery of the unmanned aerial vehicle, and the wireless charging transmitting module and the wireless charging receiving module perform coupling transmission of electric energy during charging; the magnetic force generating device 8 is arranged at the bottom of the support, the adsorption fixing position of the magnetic force generating device 8 corresponds to the receiving induction position of the wireless charging emission module, and a magnetic metal piece 9 matched with the magnetic force generating device 8 is arranged at the top of the unmanned aerial vehicle to be charged; the platform communication module is in signal transmission with a body communication module on the unmanned aerial vehicle; the platform control module is connected with the platform communication module, the charging assembly and the magnetic force generation device 8; the platform control module in this example includes components such as a main control chip, which can be referred to as a CPU processor or other control motherboard in the prior art.
Referring to fig. 1 to 3, the power supply device is composed of a solar charging device; the solar charging equipment comprises a solar cell panel 4, a solar charging module and a storage battery, wherein the solar cell panel 4 is arranged at the top of the bracket, the solar cell panel 4 is connected with the solar charging module, the solar charging module is connected with the storage battery, the solar cell panel 4 transmits the acquired energy to the solar charging module, and the solar charging module converts the energy into electric energy and transmits the electric energy to the storage battery; the wireless charging transmitting module is connected with the storage battery. In combination with a suspended charging platform, solar charging equipment is adopted as power supply equipment, so that on one hand, the advantage of suspension of the charging platform can be fully utilized, solar clean energy can be fully obtained at a high position, electric power is provided for the wireless charging module 7, and the cost is effectively reduced; on the other hand, need not to use wired power supply unit, can simplify the charging platform structure to the installation of being convenient for brings better flexibility for charging platform's installation. The storage battery in this embodiment is a lithium battery.
Referring to fig. 1 to 3, the bracket includes a first bearing plate, a second bearing plate 2, a third bearing plate 6 and a connecting frame, the first bearing plate 3, the second bearing plate 2 and the third bearing plate 6 are sequentially arranged on the connecting frame from top to bottom, the solar cell panel 4 is arranged on the first bearing plate 3, and the magnetic force generating device 8 and the wireless charging module 7 are both arranged on the third bearing plate 6; one side of the connecting frame is provided with an engagement component 15 extending outwards, and the engagement component 15 is connected with the connecting component 1. Through setting up such support, the installation of the spare part of being convenient for to simple structure is light, is favorable to fixed mounting on the pillar, thereby realizes hanging.
Referring to fig. 1 to 3, a plurality of adjusting rod assemblies for mounting the solar panel 4 are arranged on the connecting frame; each adjusting rod assembly comprises a fixed rod 11 and a bolt fixing structure arranged on the fixed rod 11; the first bearing plate 3 is provided with mounting holes which correspond to the fixing rods 11 of the plurality of regulating rod assemblies one by one; the first bearing plate 3 is fixed on the adjusting rod through the bolt fixing structure. The position of the bolt fixing structure of each fixing rod 11 is adjusted, so that the inclination direction and the angle of the first bearing plate 3 are changed, and the position of the solar cell is adjusted to better acquire solar energy.
Referring to fig. 1 to 3, the number of the lever assemblies is four, and the four lever assemblies correspond to four corners of the first loading plate 3, respectively.
Referring to fig. 1 to 3, a buffer member 5 is disposed between the second loading plate 2 and the third loading plate 6, the top of the buffer member 5 is connected to the bottom of the second loading plate 2, and the bottom of the buffer member 5 is connected to the top of the third loading plate 6. Through bolster 5's setting, be favorable to improving stability and soft nature when adsorbing unmanned aerial vehicle to play the guard action to unmanned aerial vehicle and charging platform.
Referring to fig. 1-3, the connecting assembly 1 includes two oppositely disposed connecting members and a bolt connecting structure for fixing the two connecting members together; each connecting piece comprises an arc-shaped matching part and connecting parts arranged on two sides of the arc-shaped matching part, and the bolt connecting structure is arranged on the connecting parts; the engagement member 15 is connected to one of the connectors. Through setting up such coupling assembling 1, be convenient for with the cylinder connection of cylindrical structures such as outdoor pillar or lamp pole, easy dismounting.
Referring to fig. 1-3, the platform control module further comprises a control box 10, and the platform control module is disposed in the control box 10; the control box 10 is connected to the support column through a mounting component 12, and the mounting component 12 and the support frame are of a split structure. The platform control module is installed by additionally arranging the control box 10, so that the installation position of the platform control module is more flexible, and the control box 10 can be arranged at a relatively lower position, thereby being convenient for a worker to maintain and check.
Referring to fig. 4, in this embodiment, the magnetic metal part 9 is disposed on the top of the body of the unmanned aerial vehicle to be charged; a protective frame 14 for protecting the propeller of the unmanned aerial vehicle is arranged on the frame of the unmanned aerial vehicle, and the propeller of the unmanned aerial vehicle is surrounded by the protective frame 14; the magnetic metal piece 9 at the top of the unmanned aerial vehicle body is higher than the protection frame 14. Through the setting of bearer bar 14, can avoid unmanned aerial vehicle to berth and bump when the bottom of charging platform, protect unmanned aerial vehicle's screw effectively, do not influence unmanned aerial vehicle simultaneously and charge the fixed of platform.
Referring to fig. 1-5, the working principle of the suspension type solar energy charging level platform of the multi-rotor unmanned aerial vehicle of the embodiment is as follows:
the suspension type charging platforms of the multi-rotor unmanned aerial vehicle are reasonably distributed and arranged according to specific areas, so that a plurality of charging platforms are arranged in a certain area. When the unmanned aerial vehicle is insufficient in electric quantity and needs to be charged, a nearby idle charging platform is found out firstly, and after a certain nearby idle charging platform is determined, the machine body communication module sends a charging signal to the platform communication module; the platform communication module sends position information of the platform to the unmanned aerial vehicle after receiving the charging signal, and the unmanned aerial vehicle flies to the lower part of a bracket of the charging platform according to the position information and is aligned with the charging position at the bottom of the bracket; then, the unmanned aerial vehicle sends a parking signal to the charging platform, and after the platform communication module receives the parking signal, the platform control module controls the magnetic force generating device 8 to work, so that the adsorption fixed position at the bottom of the bracket generates magnetic force; the unmanned aerial vehicle gradually flies upwards, so that the magnetic metal piece 9 at the top of the unmanned aerial vehicle is contacted with the adsorption fixed position at the bottom of the bracket and is adsorbed and fixed at the bottom of the charging platform under the action of the magnetic force generating device 8; meanwhile, the unmanned aerial vehicle stops running, and the propeller stops working; then, the platform control module controls the wireless charging transmitting module to perform coupling transmission of electric energy to a wireless charging receiving module on the unmanned aerial vehicle, so that the unmanned aerial vehicle is charged; at the moment, the unmanned aerial vehicle keeps mounting the object 13;
after the unmanned aerial vehicle finishes charging, the body communication module sends a leaving signal to the platform communication module, and the platform control module controls the wireless charging transmitting module to stop transmitting electric energy with the wireless charging receiving module, so that the unmanned aerial vehicle stops continuing charging; meanwhile, the platform control module controls the magnetic force generation device 8 to stop working, and the magnetic metal piece 9 on the top of the unmanned aerial vehicle is not adsorbed any more; and, unmanned aerial vehicle reruns, and the screw continues to work again, and unmanned aerial vehicle continues to carry object 13 and carries out the flight task.
Referring to fig. 1 to 5, the method for charging a suspended type of a multi-rotor drone of the present embodiment includes the following steps:
(1) the plurality of suspension type charging platforms are respectively arranged on the pillars in different areas; when the unmanned aerial vehicle is low in electric quantity and needs to be charged, the unmanned aerial vehicle communicates with the platform communication modules on the plurality of charging platforms through the body communication module on the unmanned aerial vehicle, and a nearby idle charging platform is found; after determining a certain charging platform which is idle nearby, the machine body communication module sends a charging signal to a platform communication module of the charging platform;
(2) after receiving a charging signal of the unmanned aerial vehicle, a platform communication module of the charging platform sends position information of the platform to the unmanned aerial vehicle, and the unmanned aerial vehicle flies to the lower part of the charging platform according to the position information and is aligned with a charging position at the bottom of the charging platform;
(3) the unmanned aerial vehicle sends a parking signal to the charging platform, and after a platform communication module of the charging platform receives the parking signal, a platform control module on the charging platform controls the magnetic force generating device 8 to work, so that the adsorption fixed position at the bottom of the charging platform generates magnetic force;
(4) the unmanned aerial vehicle gradually flies upwards, so that the magnetic metal piece 9 at the top of the unmanned aerial vehicle is in contact with the adsorption fixed position at the bottom of the charging platform and is adsorbed and fixed at the bottom of the charging platform under the action of the magnetic force generating device 8; meanwhile, the unmanned aerial vehicle stops running, and the propeller stops working;
(5) the platform control module controls the wireless charging transmitting module on the charging platform to perform coupling transmission of electric energy to the wireless charging receiving module on the unmanned aerial vehicle, so that the unmanned aerial vehicle is charged;
(6) after the unmanned aerial vehicle finishes charging, a leaving signal is sent to the charging platform, and the platform control module controls the wireless charging transmitting module to stop transmitting electric energy with the wireless charging receiving module, so that the unmanned aerial vehicle stops charging; simultaneously platform control module control 8 stop work of magnetic force generating device no longer adsorbs the magnetic metal spare 9 at unmanned aerial vehicle top, unmanned aerial vehicle moves again, and the screw continues to resume work, and unmanned aerial vehicle continues the flight task.
The present invention is not limited to the above embodiments, and any other changes, modifications, substitutions, combinations, and simplifications which do not depart from the spirit and principle of the present invention should be construed as equivalents and are included in the scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. A suspension type charging platform of a multi-rotor unmanned aerial vehicle is characterized by comprising a bracket, a charging assembly, a magnetic force generating device, a platform control module and a platform communication module; the support is provided with a connecting assembly used for being connected with the strut; the charging assembly comprises a wireless charging module and power supply equipment for providing power for the wireless charging module, the wireless charging module comprises a wireless charging transmitting module and a wireless charging receiving module, the wireless charging transmitting module is connected with the power supply equipment and arranged at the bottom of the bracket, the wireless charging receiving module is arranged on the unmanned aerial vehicle and connected with a battery of the unmanned aerial vehicle, and the wireless charging transmitting module and the wireless charging receiving module perform coupling transmission of electric energy during charging; the magnetic force generating device is arranged at the bottom of the bracket, the adsorption fixing position of the magnetic force generating device corresponds to the receiving induction position of the wireless charging emission module, and a magnetic metal piece matched with the magnetic force generating device is arranged at the top of the unmanned aerial vehicle to be charged; the platform communication module is in signal transmission with a body communication module on the unmanned aerial vehicle; the platform control module is connected with the platform communication module, the charging assembly and the magnetic force generation device.
2. The suspended charging platform for multi-rotor unmanned aerial vehicles of claim 1, wherein the power supply device is comprised of a solar charging device; the solar charging equipment comprises a solar cell panel, a solar charging module and a storage battery, wherein the solar cell panel is arranged at the top of the bracket and connected with the solar charging module, the solar charging module is connected with the storage battery, the solar cell panel transmits the acquired energy to the solar charging module, and the solar charging module converts the energy into electric energy and transmits the electric energy to the storage battery; the wireless charging transmitting module is connected with the storage battery.
3. The multi-rotor unmanned aerial vehicle suspended charging platform of claim 2, wherein the bracket comprises a first bearing plate, a second bearing plate, a third bearing plate and a connecting frame, the first bearing plate, the second bearing plate and the third bearing plate are sequentially arranged on the connecting frame from top to bottom, the solar panel is arranged on the first bearing plate, and the magnetic force generating device and the wireless charging module are arranged on the third bearing plate; one side of the connecting frame is provided with a connecting component which extends outwards and is connected with the connecting component.
4. The suspended charging platform for a multi-rotor unmanned aerial vehicle of claim 3, wherein the link frame is provided with a plurality of adjustment rod assemblies for mounting the solar panel; each adjusting rod assembly comprises a fixed rod and a bolt fixing structure arranged on the fixed rod; the first bearing plate is provided with mounting holes which correspond to the fixing rods of the plurality of regulating rod assemblies one by one; the first bearing plate is fixed on the adjusting rod through the bolt fixing structure.
5. The suspended charging platform for multi-rotor unmanned aerial vehicle of claim 4, wherein the number of the lever assemblies is four, corresponding to four corners of the first carrier plate.
6. The suspended charging platform for multi-rotor unmanned aerial vehicle of any of claims 3-4, wherein a buffer is disposed between the second and third loading plates, a top of the buffer is connected to a bottom of the second loading plate, and a bottom of the buffer is connected to a top of the third loading plate.
7. The suspended charging platform for a multi-rotor drone of claim 3, wherein the connection assembly includes two oppositely disposed connectors and a bolted connection that secures the two connectors together; each connecting piece comprises an arc-shaped matching part and connecting parts arranged on two sides of the arc-shaped matching part, and the bolt connecting structure is arranged on the connecting parts; the connecting component is connected with one of the connecting pieces.
8. The suspended charging platform for a multi-rotor drone of claim 1, further comprising a control box, the platform control module disposed within the control box; the control box is connected to the pillar through the mounting assembly, and the mounting assembly and the support are of a split structure.
9. A method of applying the suspended charging platform of a multi-rotor drone according to claims 1-8, characterized in that it comprises the following steps:
(1) the plurality of suspension type charging platforms are respectively arranged on the pillars in different areas; when the unmanned aerial vehicle is low in electric quantity and needs to be charged, the unmanned aerial vehicle communicates with the platform communication modules on the plurality of charging platforms through the body communication module on the unmanned aerial vehicle, and a nearby idle charging platform is found; after determining a certain charging platform which is idle nearby, the machine body communication module sends a charging signal to a platform communication module of the charging platform;
(2) after receiving a charging signal of the unmanned aerial vehicle, a platform communication module of the charging platform sends position information of the platform to the unmanned aerial vehicle, and the unmanned aerial vehicle flies to the lower part of the charging platform according to the position information and is aligned with a charging position at the bottom of the charging platform;
(3) the unmanned aerial vehicle sends a parking signal to the charging platform, and after a platform communication module of the charging platform receives the parking signal, a platform control module on the charging platform controls a magnetic force generating device to work, so that the adsorption fixed position at the bottom of the charging platform generates magnetic force;
(4) the unmanned aerial vehicle gradually flies upwards, so that the magnetic metal piece at the top of the unmanned aerial vehicle is in contact with the adsorption fixed position at the bottom of the charging platform and is adsorbed and fixed at the bottom of the charging platform under the action of the magnetic force generating device; meanwhile, the unmanned aerial vehicle stops running, and the propeller stops working;
(5) the platform control module controls the wireless charging transmitting module on the charging platform to perform coupling transmission of electric energy to the wireless charging receiving module on the unmanned aerial vehicle, so that the unmanned aerial vehicle is charged;
(6) after the unmanned aerial vehicle finishes charging, a leaving signal is sent to the charging platform, and the platform control module controls the wireless charging transmitting module to stop transmitting electric energy with the wireless charging receiving module, so that the unmanned aerial vehicle stops charging; simultaneously platform control module control magnetic force generating device stop work no longer adsorbs the magnetic metal spare at unmanned aerial vehicle top, unmanned aerial vehicle rerun, and the screw continues to the rerun, and unmanned aerial vehicle continues the flight task.
CN201910851312.6A 2019-09-09 2019-09-09 Suspension type charging platform and method for multi-rotor unmanned aerial vehicle Pending CN110588387A (en)

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