CN110587855A - Recovery device and process for rubber particles - Google Patents

Recovery device and process for rubber particles Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110587855A
CN110587855A CN201910867933.3A CN201910867933A CN110587855A CN 110587855 A CN110587855 A CN 110587855A CN 201910867933 A CN201910867933 A CN 201910867933A CN 110587855 A CN110587855 A CN 110587855A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cleaning
water
conveying
recovery
filter
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201910867933.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN110587855B (en
Inventor
马博龙
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Guyuan Dewangda Renewable Resources Technology Co Ltd
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Guyuan Dewangda Renewable Resources Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201910867933.3A priority Critical patent/CN110587855B/en
Publication of CN110587855A publication Critical patent/CN110587855A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN110587855B publication Critical patent/CN110587855B/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B1/00Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools, brushes, or analogous members
    • B08B1/001Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools, brushes, or analogous members characterised by the type of cleaning tool
    • B08B1/002Brushes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B1/00Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools, brushes, or analogous members
    • B08B1/02Cleaning travelling work, e.g. a web, articles on a conveyor
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29BPREPARATION OR PRETREATMENT OF THE MATERIAL TO BE SHAPED; MAKING GRANULES OR PREFORMS; RECOVERY OF PLASTICS OR OTHER CONSTITUENTS OF WASTE MATERIAL CONTAINING PLASTICS
    • B29B17/00Recovery of plastics or other constituents of waste material containing plastics
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29BPREPARATION OR PRETREATMENT OF THE MATERIAL TO BE SHAPED; MAKING GRANULES OR PREFORMS; RECOVERY OF PLASTICS OR OTHER CONSTITUENTS OF WASTE MATERIAL CONTAINING PLASTICS
    • B29B17/00Recovery of plastics or other constituents of waste material containing plastics
    • B29B17/02Separating plastics from other materials
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B21/00Arrangements or duct systems, e.g. in combination with pallet boxes, for supplying and controlling air or gases for drying solid materials or objects
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29BPREPARATION OR PRETREATMENT OF THE MATERIAL TO BE SHAPED; MAKING GRANULES OR PREFORMS; RECOVERY OF PLASTICS OR OTHER CONSTITUENTS OF WASTE MATERIAL CONTAINING PLASTICS
    • B29B17/00Recovery of plastics or other constituents of waste material containing plastics
    • B29B2017/001Pretreating the materials before recovery
    • B29B2017/0015Washing, rinsing
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29BPREPARATION OR PRETREATMENT OF THE MATERIAL TO BE SHAPED; MAKING GRANULES OR PREFORMS; RECOVERY OF PLASTICS OR OTHER CONSTITUENTS OF WASTE MATERIAL CONTAINING PLASTICS
    • B29B17/00Recovery of plastics or other constituents of waste material containing plastics
    • B29B17/02Separating plastics from other materials
    • B29B2017/0213Specific separating techniques
    • B29B2017/0217Mechanical separating techniques; devices therefor
    • B29B2017/0224Screens, sieves
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P70/00Climate change mitigation technologies in the production process for final industrial or consumer products
    • Y02P70/10Greenhouse gas [GHG] capture, material saving, heat recovery or other energy efficient measures, e.g. motor control, characterised by manufacturing processes, e.g. for rolling metal or metal working
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/52Mechanical processing of waste for the recovery of materials, e.g. crushing, shredding, separation or disassembly
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/62Plastics recycling; Rubber recycling

Abstract

The invention discloses a recovery device and a process for rubber particles, which comprises a collecting tank, a collecting and conveying mechanism, a recovering and cleaning mechanism, a recovering and drying mechanism, a material cleaning mechanism, a water guide tank and a water collecting tank, wherein the collecting and conveying mechanism is fixedly arranged in the collecting tank, the recovering and cleaning mechanism is fixedly arranged on one side of the collecting tank, the recovering and cleaning mechanism is arranged at the lower end of the recovering and cleaning mechanism, which is far away from one side of the collecting and conveying mechanism, one end of the collecting and conveying mechanism penetrates through the collecting tank and extends to the interior of the recovering and cleaning mechanism, and the material cleaning mechanism is fixedly arranged in the recovering and cleaning mechanism above one side of the collecting and conveying mechanism. And a large amount of condensed water is prevented from being accumulated on the conveying belt after the filter screen holes are blocked.

Description

Recovery device and process for rubber particles
The technical field is as follows:
the invention belongs to the technical field of rubber particle recovery, and particularly relates to a recovery device and a recovery process for rubber particles.
Background art:
synthetic rubber is also called synthetic elastomer, is a high-elasticity polymer synthesized by people, is one of three synthetic materials, has the yield only lower than that of synthetic resin (or plastic) and synthetic fiber, has various classification methods, has long development history and has wide research prospects, in the production process of general synthetic rubber, fine rubber particles lost along with discharged condensed water account for about 1 percent of specific production, a set of 1 ten thousand ton/year production device is taken as an example, about 100 tons of rubber particles are discharged into a waste water system every year, and as the rubber particles are organic matters difficult to be biochemically generated, the condensed water containing the rubber particles is directly discharged, so that not only is the waste of rubber resources caused, but also the problem of more serious environmental pollution exists.
The invention content is as follows:
the present invention is directed to solving the above problems and to providing an apparatus and a process for recovering rubber particles.
In order to solve the above problems, the present invention provides a technical solution:
the utility model provides a recovery unit of rubber micelle, includes the collecting vat, collects conveyor, retrieves wiper mechanism, retrieves dry mechanism, clear material mechanism, guiding gutter and header tank, the inside fixed mounting of collecting vat has collection conveyor, one side fixed mounting of collecting vat has retrieves wiper mechanism, retrieve the wiper mechanism and keep away from the lower extreme of collecting conveyor one side and install and retrieve dry mechanism, the one end of collecting conveyor passes the collecting vat and extends to the inside of retrieving wiper mechanism, fixed mounting has clear material mechanism in the recovery wiper mechanism of collecting conveyor one side top, the bottom fixed mounting of collecting vat has the guiding gutter, the header tank is installed to the bottom intercommunication of guiding gutter, the filter is installed to header tank one side, the collecting vat top is kept away from one side of retrieving the wiper mechanism and is installed the inlet.
As preferred, collect conveying mechanism and include drive roll, driven voller, one-level motor, conveyer belt and filtration mesh hole, the both ends of drive roll are rotated and are installed in retrieving wiper mechanism, the both ends of driven voller are rotated and are installed in keeping away from the collecting vat of retrieving wiper mechanism one side, the output end fixed mounting of shaft coupling and the one-level motor of retrieving on the wiper mechanism one side is passed through to the one end of drive roll, the parcel has the conveyer belt between drive roll and the driven voller, a plurality of filtration mesh holes have evenly been seted up on the conveyer belt.
Preferably, the recycling and cleaning mechanism comprises a cleaning box, a hanging bracket, a spraying pipe, a spray nozzle, a rotating rod, a cleaning brush, a secondary motor, a filter screen plate, a water delivery pipe, a water pump, a drain outlet and a discharge outlet, wherein the cleaning box and the collecting tank are communicated and arranged at one end far away from the liquid inlet, a cleaning mechanism is fixedly arranged inside the cleaning box above the conveying belt, the hanging bracket is fixedly arranged inside the cleaning box below the conveying belt, the spraying pipe is fixedly arranged at the bottom of the hanging bracket, the spray nozzle is fixedly arranged at the bottom of the spraying pipe in a communicated manner, the rotating rod is rotatably arranged in the cleaning box below the spray nozzle, the cleaning brush is fixedly arranged on the rotating rod, one end of the rotating rod penetrates through the cleaning box in a sealing manner and is fixedly arranged with the output end of the secondary motor on the outer wall, the wash tank one side between filter plate and the washing brush has seted up the bin outlet, the shower passes through the raceway and is connected with the output of water pump, the input of water pump passes through the raceway and is connected with the output of filter, the input of filter passes through the raceway and is connected with the bottom of header tank one side, wash the bottom of the case portion and seted up the drain.
Preferably, the recycling and drying mechanism comprises a drying box, a feeding hopper, an air blower, an air guide pipe, air nozzles, a heater and electric heating wires, the feeding hopper is communicated with the top of the drying box and installed, the feeding hopper corresponds to a discharge port in the cleaning box, the air blowers are fixedly installed on two opposite sides of the drying box, the output end of the air blower is connected with the air nozzles in the drying box through the air guide pipe, the heater is installed on the air guide pipe, and the electric heating wires are fixedly installed in the heater.
As preferred, clear material mechanism includes clear material pole, clear material brush and tertiary motor, clear material pole is installed to the washing incasement rotation of conveyer belt output one side top, fixed mounting has clear material brush on the clear material pole, clear material brush keeps away from one side and the conveyer belt contact of clear material pole, clear material pole's one end is passed the output fixed mounting who washs case and tertiary motor, tertiary motor fixed mounting is on wasing case one side outer wall.
Preferably, the inside fixed mounting of header tank has the filter, filter and filter plate all adopt the slope installation.
Preferably, a plurality of filter screens are fixedly installed inside the filter, the filter screens are arranged in a T-shaped structure, and the filter screens are inserted into the filter.
A recovery process of rubber particles comprises the following steps:
the first step is as follows: conveying condensed water generated in the rubber production and processing process to the input end of a collecting and conveying mechanism in a collecting tank from a liquid inlet through an external discharge pipeline, collecting the condensed water carrying rubber particles in the water collecting tank from a water guide groove through filter holes, and collecting the rubber particles in the condensed water on a conveyor belt in a retention manner to realize the separation, recovery and collection of the rubber particles in the condensed water;
the second step is that: under the conveying of the conveying belt, the collected rubber particles are collected in a cleaning box of the recovery cleaning mechanism through the output end of the conveying belt, and a cleaning brush on the cleaning mechanism cleans the conveying belt in the recovery conveying process;
the third step: after the water recovered in the water collecting tank is filtered by a filter, the water is sprayed into the cleaning tank by a spray head on a spray pipe under the action of a water pump, and the rubber particles collected in the cleaning tank are recovered and cleaned;
the fourth step: conveying the cleaned rubber particles to a drying box through a feed hopper, and spraying air heated by an electric heating wire in a heater into the drying box through an air nozzle by an air blower through an air guide pipe to achieve the purpose of heating and drying the rubber particles;
the fifth step: and storing the dried rubber particles.
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
(1) according to the recovery process of the rubber particles, the collection conveying mechanism arranged in the collection tank is adopted, the water collection tank is fixedly arranged at the bottom of the collection tank through the water guide groove, the conveyor belt is provided with the plurality of filter holes, the condensed water generated in the rubber production and processing process enters the collection tank to be contacted with the conveyor belt, the condensed water carrying the rubber particles is collected in the water collection tank through the water guide groove through the filter holes, the rubber particles in the condensed water are retained and collected on the conveyor belt, the separation, recovery and collection of the rubber particles in the condensed water are realized, the direct discharge of the condensed water in the rubber processing process is avoided, the pollution of the rubber particles in the condensed water to the environment is avoided, and the rubber resources are recycled through the recovery of the rubber particles, so that.
(2) According to the recovery process of the rubber particles, the recovery cleaning mechanism and the recovery drying mechanism are arranged, rubber processing coagulation water is collected and filtered and then is used for recovering, cleaning and using the rubber particles, the product quality of rubber particle recovery is improved through cleaning, the energy consumption and cost of rubber particle recovery are reduced, the rubber particles can be conveniently recovered and stored through drying, the heating and drying speed is high, and the recovery efficiency is ensured.
(3) According to the recovery process of the rubber particles, the material cleaning brush on the material cleaning rod is in contact with the conveyor belt through the material cleaning mechanism arranged above one side of the output end of the conveyor belt, the material cleaning brush cleans materials on the conveyor belt under the rotation of the material cleaning rod, the smoothness of filter screen holes on the conveyor belt is guaranteed, a large amount of condensed water accumulated on the conveyor belt after the filter screen holes are blocked is avoided to prevent the conveyor belt from being blocked for recycling, the cleaning is convenient, and the practicability is higher.
Description of the drawings:
for ease of illustration, the invention is described in detail by the following detailed description and the accompanying drawings.
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the collecting and conveying mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural view of the recovery cleaning mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural view of a recovery drying mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic structural view of the material cleaning mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a process flow diagram of the present invention.
In the figure: 1. collecting tank; 2. a collecting and conveying mechanism; 21. a drive roll; 22. a driven roller; 23. a first-stage motor; 24. a conveyor belt; 25. a filter mesh hole; 3. a recovery cleaning mechanism; 31. a cleaning tank; 32. a hanger; 33. a shower pipe; 34. a spray head; 35. rotating the rod; 36. cleaning the brush; 37. a secondary motor; 38. a filter screen plate; 39. a water delivery pipe; 310. a water pump; 311. a sewage draining outlet; 312. a discharge outlet; 4. a recovery drying mechanism; 41. a drying oven; 42. a feed hopper; 43. a blower; 44. an air guide pipe; 45. a tuyere; 46. a heater; 47. an electric heating wire; 5. a material clearing mechanism; 51. clearing the material rod; 52. a material cleaning brush; 53. a three-stage motor; 6. a water chute; 7. a water collection tank; 71. a filter plate; 8. a liquid inlet; 9. and (3) a filter.
The specific implementation mode is as follows:
as shown in fig. 1 to 6, the following technical solutions are adopted in the present embodiment: a recovery device of rubber particles comprises a collecting tank 1, a collecting and conveying mechanism 2, a recovery and cleaning mechanism 3, a recovery and drying mechanism 4, a material cleaning mechanism 5, a water chute 6 and a water collecting tank 7, a collecting and conveying mechanism 2 is fixedly arranged in the collecting tank 1, a recovery and cleaning mechanism 3 is fixedly arranged on one side of the collecting tank 1, the lower end of one side of the recovery cleaning mechanism 3 far away from the collection conveying mechanism 2 is provided with a recovery drying mechanism 4, one end of the collecting and conveying mechanism 2 extends through the collecting tank 1 to the interior of the recovery and cleaning mechanism 3, a material cleaning mechanism 5 is fixedly arranged in the recovery cleaning mechanism 3 above one side of the collection conveying mechanism 2, the bottom of the collecting tank 1 is fixedly provided with a water chute 6, the bottom of the water chute 6 is communicated with a water collecting tank 7, a filter 9 is installed on one side of the water collecting tank 7, and a liquid inlet 8 is installed on one side, far away from the recovery cleaning mechanism 3, of the top of the collecting tank 1.
Wherein, it includes drive roll 21, driven voller 22, one-level motor 23, conveyer belt 24 and straining mesh hole 25 to collect conveying mechanism 2, the both ends of drive roll 21 are rotated and are installed in retrieving wiper mechanism 3, driven voller 22's both ends are rotated and are installed in keeping away from collecting vat 1 of retrieving wiper mechanism 3 one side, the output fixed mounting of shaft coupling and retrieving one-level motor 23 on wiper mechanism 3 one side is passed through to the one end of drive roll 21, the parcel has conveyer belt 24 between drive roll 21 and the driven voller 22, a plurality of straining mesh holes 25 have evenly been seted up on the conveyer belt 24, realize the solid-liquid separation recovery processing of rubber micelle in the condensation water through straining mesh hole 25 on the conveyer belt 24, avoid condensing the pollution of rubber micelle emission to the environment in the water.
Wherein, retrieve wiper mechanism 3 including wasing case 31, gallows 32, shower 33, shower nozzle 34, dwang 35, washing brush 36, second grade motor 37, filter screen board 38, raceway 39, water pump 310, drain 311 and bin outlet 312, wash the one end intercommunication setting that inlet 8 was kept away from to case 31 and collecting vat 1, the inside fixed mounting of washing case 31 of conveyer belt 24 top has clear material mechanism 5, the inside fixed mounting of washing case 31 of conveyer belt 24 below has gallows 32, the bottom fixed mounting of gallows 32 has shower 33, the bottom intercommunication fixed mounting of shower 33 has a plurality of shower nozzles 34, dwang 35 is installed to washing case 31 internal rotation of shower nozzle 34 below, fixed mounting has washing brush 36 on the dwang 35, the one end of dwang 35 is sealed to be passed and is washd case 31, and through shaft coupling and the output fixed mounting of second grade motor 37 on the washing case 31 outer wall, the inside fixed mounting of washing case 31 of washing brush 36 below has filter plate 38, the bin outlet 312 has been seted up to filter plate 38 and washing 31 one side of washing between the brush 36, shower 33 passes through raceway 39 and is connected with water pump 310's output, water pump 310's input is passed through raceway 39 and is connected with filter 9's output, filter 9's input passes through the bottom of raceway 39 and header tank 7 one side and is connected, wash 31 bottoms of case and seted up drain 311, collect the washing that is used for rubber micelle to retrieve after filtering with the condensation water and use, improve condensation water utilization ratio, reduce the energy consumption and the cost that rubber micelle retrieved, avoid gluing on the rubber micelle through the washing and have the pollutant, guarantee the quality that rubber micelle retrieved.
Wherein, retrieve drying mechanism 4 and include drying cabinet 41, feeder hopper 42, air-blower 43, guide duct 44, tuyere 45, heater 46 and electric heating wire 47, feeder hopper 42 is installed in the top intercommunication of drying cabinet 41, feeder hopper 42 corresponds with the bin outlet 312 that washs on the case 31, fixed mounting has air-blower 43 on the relative both sides of drying cabinet 41, the output of air-blower 43 passes through guide duct 44 and is connected with the inside tuyere 45 of drying cabinet 41, install heater 46 on the guide duct 44, the inside fixed mounting of heater 46 has a plurality of electric heating wire 47, and the heating blast drying effect is high, improves rubber micelle recovery efficiency.
Wherein, clear material mechanism 5 is including clear material pole 51, clear material brush 52 and tertiary motor 53, clear material pole 51 is installed to the washing case 31 internal rotation of 24 output one sides tops of conveyer belt, fixed mounting has clear material brush 52 on the clear material pole 51, clear material brush 52 keeps away from one side and the contact of conveyer belt 24 of clear material pole 51, clear material pole 51's one end is passed the output fixed mounting who washs case 31 and tertiary motor 53, tertiary motor 53 fixed mounting is on washing case 31 one side outer wall, clear material brush 52 pivoted in-process to the material clearance of gluing on the conveyer belt 24, avoids the filter screen hole 25 of conveyer belt 24 to be blockked up the influence recycle.
Wherein, the inside fixed mounting of header tank 7 has filter 71, filter 71 and filter screen plate 38 all adopt the slope installation, and filter screen plate 38's slope installation makes things convenient for the rubber micelle to be discharged by bin outlet 312.
Wherein, the inside fixed mounting of filter 9 has a plurality of filter screens, and the filter screen is the setting of T type structure, and the filter screen inserts inside filter 9, conveniently dismantles filter screen and filter and clears up, guarantees filterable effect.
A recovery process of rubber particles comprises the following steps:
the first step is as follows: conveying the condensed water generated in the rubber production and processing process to the input end of a collecting and conveying mechanism 2 in a collecting tank 1 from a liquid inlet 8 through an external discharge pipeline, collecting the condensed water carrying rubber particles in a water collecting tank 7 from a water guide groove 6 through filter meshes 25, and collecting the rubber particles in the condensed water on a conveyor belt 24 in a retention manner to realize the separation, recovery and collection of the rubber particles in the condensed water;
the second step is that: under the conveying of the conveyor belt 24, the collected rubber particles are collected in the cleaning box 31 of the recovery cleaning mechanism 3 through the output end of the conveyor belt 24, and in the process of recovery conveying, the cleaning brush 52 on the cleaning mechanism 5 cleans the conveyor belt 24;
the third step: after the water recovered in the water collecting tank 7 is filtered by the filter 9, the water is sprayed into the cleaning tank 31 by the spray head 34 on the spray pipe 33 under the action of the water pump 310, and the rubber particles collected in the cleaning tank 31 are recovered and cleaned;
the fourth step: conveying the cleaned rubber particles to a drying box 41 through a feed hopper 42, and spraying air heated by an electric heating wire 47 in a heater 46 into the drying box 41 through a blast nozzle 45 by an air guide pipe 44 through an air blower 43 so as to achieve the purpose of heating and drying the rubber particles;
the fifth step: and storing the dried rubber particles.
Specifically, the method comprises the following steps: a recovery process of rubber colloidal particles comprises the steps of conveying condensed water generated in the rubber production and processing process to the input end of a collecting and conveying mechanism 2 in a collecting tank 1 through an outer discharge pipeline, driving a driving roller 21 to rotate by a primary motor 23, enabling a conveying belt 24 wrapped on the driving roller 21 and a driven roller 22 to move in the collecting tank 1 and a cleaning tank 31, enabling the condensed water to enter the collecting tank 1 to be in contact with the conveying belt 24 due to the fact that a plurality of filter meshes 25 are formed in the conveying belt 24, collecting the condensed water carrying the rubber colloidal particles in a water collecting tank 7 through the filter meshes 25 by a water guide groove 6, collecting the rubber colloidal particles in the condensed water on the conveying belt 24, collecting the collected rubber colloidal particles in the conveying belt 24 and collecting the rubber colloidal particles in the cleaning tank 31 of a recovery and cleaning mechanism 3 through the output end of the conveying belt 24, and realizing separation, recovery and collection of the, avoid the direct emission of rubber processing condensate water, the pollution of rubber micelle to the environment in the condensate water, through the recovery of rubber micelle, realize the reuse of rubber resource, energy-concerving and environment-protective, when collecting the transport, tertiary motor 53 rotates drive clear material pole 51 and rotates, because clear material pole 51 rotates and installs in the wash tank 31 of conveyer belt 24 output end one side top, fixed mounting has clear material brush 52 on clear material pole 51, clear material brush 52 keeps away from the one side of clear material pole 51 and contacts with conveyer belt 24, make clear material brush 52 clear up the material on conveyer belt 24 under clear material pole 51 rotates, guarantee the unobstructed of filter mesh hole 25 on conveyer belt 24, it hinders recycle to avoid retaining a large amount of condensate water on conveyer belt 24 after filter mesh hole 25 blocks up, it is convenient to clear up, under the effect of water pump 310, water in header 7 gets into filter 9 through the conveyer pipe, get into spray pipe 33 by raceway 39 after filtering through filter 9, the spray head 34 on the spray pipe 33 sprays the cleaning box 31, rubber processing coagulation water is collected and filtered to be used for recovering and cleaning rubber particles, the product quality of rubber particle recovery is improved through cleaning, the energy consumption and the cost of rubber particle recovery are reduced, in the cleaning process, the second-stage motor 37 drives the rotating rod 35 to rotate in the cleaning box 31, the cleaning brush 36 on the rotating rod 35 brushes the rubber particles, the cleaning efficiency is accelerated, the cleaned rubber particles are discharged from the discharge port 312 and enter the drying box 41 through the feed hopper 42, the air blower 43 sprays air heated by the electric heating wire 47 in the heater 46 into the drying box 41 through the air guide pipe 44, the rubber particles are convenient to recover and store through drying, the heating and drying speed is high, and the recovery efficiency is guaranteed.
While there have been shown and described what are at present considered to be the fundamental principles of the invention and its essential features and advantages, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that the invention is not limited by the embodiments described above, which are merely illustrative of the principles of the invention, but that various changes and modifications may be made therein without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as defined by the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (8)

1. The utility model provides a recovery unit of rubber micelle, includes collecting vat (1), collects conveyor (2), retrieves wiper mechanism (3), retrieves dry mechanism (4), clear material mechanism (5), guiding gutter (6) and header tank (7), its characterized in that: a collecting and conveying mechanism (2) is fixedly arranged in the collecting tank (1), a recovery and cleaning mechanism (3) is fixedly arranged on one side of the collecting tank (1), the lower end of one side of the recovery cleaning mechanism (3) far away from the collection conveying mechanism (2) is provided with a recovery drying mechanism (4), one end of the collecting and conveying mechanism (2) penetrates through the collecting tank (1) and extends to the interior of the recovery and cleaning mechanism (3), a material cleaning mechanism (5) is fixedly arranged in the recovery cleaning mechanism (3) above one side of the collection conveying mechanism (2), the bottom of the collecting tank (1) is fixedly provided with a water guiding groove (6), the bottom of the water guiding groove (6) is communicated with and provided with a water collecting tank (7), a filter (9) is installed on one side of the water collecting tank (7), and a liquid inlet (8) is installed on one side, far away from the recovery cleaning mechanism (3), of the top of the collecting tank (1).
2. A rubber crumb recycling apparatus according to claim 1, wherein: collect conveying mechanism (2) and include drive roll (21), driven voller (22), one-level motor (23), conveyer belt (24) and filtration mesh hole (25), the both ends of drive roll (21) are rotated and are installed in retrieving wiper mechanism (3), the both ends of driven voller (22) are rotated and are installed in collecting vat (1) of keeping away from retrieving wiper mechanism (3) one side, the output fixed mounting of shaft coupling and retrieving one-level motor (23) on wiper mechanism (3) one side is passed through to the one end of drive roll (21), the parcel has conveyer belt (24) between drive roll (21) and driven voller (22), a plurality of filtration mesh holes (25) have evenly been seted up on conveyer belt (24).
3. A rubber crumb recycling apparatus according to claim 1, wherein: the recycling and cleaning mechanism (3) comprises a cleaning box (31), a hanging bracket (32), a spraying pipe (33), a spray head (34), a rotating rod (35), a cleaning brush (36), a second-stage motor (37), a filter screen plate (38), a water conveying pipe (39), a water pump (310), a drain outlet (311) and a discharge outlet (312), wherein the cleaning box (31) and one end of a collecting tank (1) far away from a liquid inlet (8) are communicated and arranged, a material cleaning mechanism (5) is fixedly arranged inside the cleaning box (31) above the conveying belt (24), the hanging bracket (32) is fixedly arranged inside the cleaning box (31) below the conveying belt (24), the spraying pipe (33) is fixedly arranged at the bottom of the hanging bracket (32), the plurality of spray heads (34) are fixedly arranged at the bottom of the spraying pipe (33), the rotating rod (35) is rotatably arranged in the cleaning box (31) below the spray, a cleaning brush (36) is fixedly arranged on the rotating rod (35), one end of the rotating rod (35) hermetically penetrates through the cleaning box (31) and is fixedly arranged with the output end of a secondary motor (37) on the outer wall of the cleaning box (31) through a coupler, a filter screen plate (38) is fixedly arranged in the cleaning box (31) below the cleaning brush (36), a discharge opening (312) is arranged at one side of the cleaning box (31) between the filter screen plate (38) and the cleaning brush (36), the spray pipe (33) is connected with the output end of the water pump (310) through a water delivery pipe (39), the input end of the water pump (310) is connected with the output end of the filter (9) through a water pipe (39), the input end of the filter (9) is connected with the bottom of one side of the water collecting tank (7) through a water conveying pipe (39), and the bottom of the cleaning tank (31) is provided with a sewage draining outlet (311).
4. The device and the process for recovering rubber particles according to claim 1, wherein the device comprises: retrieve dry mechanism (4) and include drying cabinet (41), feeder hopper (42), air-blower (43), guide duct (44), tuyere (45), heater (46) and electric heating wire (47), feeder hopper (42) are installed to the top intercommunication of drying cabinet (41), feeder hopper (42) correspond with bin outlet (312) on the washing case (31), fixed mounting has air-blower (43) on the relative both sides of drying cabinet (41), the output of air-blower (43) passes through guide duct (44) and is connected with inside tuyere (45) of drying cabinet (41), install heater (46) on guide duct (44), the inside fixed mounting of heater (46) has a plurality of electric heating wire (47).
5. A rubber crumb recycling apparatus according to claim 3, wherein: clear material mechanism (5) including clear material pole (51), clear material brush (52) and tertiary motor (53), clear material pole (51) are installed to washing case (31) internal rotation of conveyer belt (24) output one side top, fixed mounting has clear material brush (52) on clear material pole (51), clear material brush (52) are kept away from one side and the contact of conveyer belt (24) of clear material pole (51), the output fixed mounting who washs case (31) and tertiary motor (53) is passed to the one end of clear material pole (51), tertiary motor (53) fixed mounting is on washing case (31) one side outer wall.
6. A rubber crumb recycling apparatus according to claim 1, wherein: the inside fixed mounting of header tank (7) has filter (71), filter (71) and filter screen board (38) all adopt the slope installation.
7. A rubber crumb recycling apparatus according to claim 1, wherein: a plurality of filter screens are fixedly mounted inside the filter (9), the filter screens are arranged in a T-shaped structure, and the filter screens are inserted into the filter (9).
8. A recovery process of rubber particles is characterized in that: the method comprises the following steps:
the first step is as follows: conveying condensed water generated in the rubber production and processing process to the input end of a collecting and conveying mechanism (2) in a collecting tank (1) from a liquid inlet (8) through an external discharge pipeline, collecting the condensed water carrying rubber particles in a water collecting tank (7) from a water guide groove (6) through filter meshes (25), and collecting the rubber particles in the condensed water on a conveyor belt (24) in a retention manner to realize the separation, recovery and collection of the rubber particles in the condensed water;
the second step is that: under the conveying of the conveying belt (24), the collected rubber particles are collected in a cleaning box (31) of the recovery cleaning mechanism (3) through the output end of the conveying belt (24), and in the recovery conveying process, a cleaning brush (52) on the cleaning mechanism (5) cleans the conveying belt (24);
the third step: after water recovered in the water collecting tank (7) is filtered by a filter (9), the water is sprayed into the cleaning tank (31) by a spray head (34) on a spray pipe (33) under the action of a water pump (310), and rubber particles collected in the cleaning tank (31) are recovered and cleaned;
the fourth step: conveying the cleaned rubber particles to a drying box (41) through a feed hopper (42), and spraying air heated by an electric heating wire (47) in a heater (46) into the drying box (41) through an air guide pipe (44) by an air blower (43) through an air nozzle (45) to achieve the purpose of heating and drying the rubber particles;
the fifth step: and storing the dried rubber particles.
CN201910867933.3A 2019-09-15 2019-09-15 Process for recycling rubber particles by using rubber particle recycling device Active CN110587855B (en)

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CN112027553A (en) * 2020-10-14 2020-12-04 无锡市红蕾石化管件有限公司 Water-cooling screw conveyer
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