CN110577072A - Working method of workpiece feeding mechanism - Google Patents

Working method of workpiece feeding mechanism Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110577072A
CN110577072A CN201910685133.XA CN201910685133A CN110577072A CN 110577072 A CN110577072 A CN 110577072A CN 201910685133 A CN201910685133 A CN 201910685133A CN 110577072 A CN110577072 A CN 110577072A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
plate
horizontally
rotating
translation
pushing
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Granted
Application number
CN201910685133.XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN110577072B (en
Inventor
不公告发明人
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DONGHAI COUNTY SUNSHINE NEW ENERGY Co.,Ltd.
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Shi Si
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Priority to CN201711432058.3A priority Critical patent/CN108313639B/en
Priority to CN201910685133.XA priority patent/CN110577072B/en
Publication of CN110577072A publication Critical patent/CN110577072A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN110577072B publication Critical patent/CN110577072B/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G47/00Article or material-handling devices associated with conveyors; Methods employing such devices
    • B65G47/52Devices for transferring articles or materials between conveyors i.e. discharging or feeding devices
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G47/00Article or material-handling devices associated with conveyors; Methods employing such devices
    • B65G47/74Feeding, transfer, or discharging devices of particular kinds or types
    • B65G47/82Rotary or reciprocating members for direct action on articles or materials, e.g. pushers, rakes, shovels

Abstract

The invention discloses a working method of a workpiece feeding mechanism, and belongs to the field of material conveying mechanical equipment. The horizontal moving base is horizontally and fixedly arranged on the upper side of the fixed base, the horizontal moving support is arranged on the horizontal moving base in a sliding mode along the horizontal direction, the rotating material disc is horizontally and rotatably connected to the upper side of the horizontal moving support, the front conveying plate and the rear conveying plate are perpendicular to each other, the rotating shaft is horizontally and rotatably connected to the rotating support, a coupler is arranged between the output end of the hydraulic motor and the rotating shaft, the cylindrical cam is horizontally and fixedly arranged at one end of the rotating shaft, the lower end of the fixed connecting rod is horizontally and rotatably connected with a rotating guide wheel matched with the guide channel, the pull plate gear and the push plate gear are both intermittent gears. The material pushing device is reasonable in structural design, can efficiently and continuously convey and push materials on the front conveying plate to the rear conveying plate, can adjust the material transferring speed according to the processing requirement, and meets the production and use requirements.

Description

Working method of workpiece feeding mechanism
Technical Field
the invention belongs to the field of material conveying mechanical equipment, and particularly relates to a working method of a workpiece feeding mechanism, which is mainly applied to continuous transfer machining of small workpieces.
Background
Mechanical workpieces are single parts which form machines and cannot be disassembled, and play an important role in the automation industry, the mechanical workpieces comprise parts and parts which are connected, supported, lubricated and sealed, and transmission systems for transmitting motion and energy, the workpieces need to be subjected to die-casting, sanding, punching and other processing steps in sequence in the production and processing process of the mechanical workpieces, the workpieces need to be sequentially conveyed according to the processing steps in the processing steps, the conventional conveying mechanism can only convey the workpieces in a straight line in a single direction, and therefore the workpieces need to be sequentially finished along a production line in the whole processing process, the required conveying mechanism is long, and therefore more production space is occupied, in order to solve the above-mentioned production technical problems, a commonly used method at present is to sequentially convey workpieces by two or more conveying mechanisms, so that the workpieces can be sequentially processed during the conveying process along the two or more conveying mechanisms, a manipulator is generally adopted between two adjacent conveying mechanisms to grab the workpieces and then translate the workpieces from a front conveying mechanism to a rear conveying mechanism, but the manipulator often slides the workpieces to cause damage to the workpieces during the grabbing process, serious production safety accidents even during the grabbing and translating processes of the workpieces by the manipulator are caused, the workpieces to be processed have different sizes and specifications, the manipulator needs to be adjusted according to the sizes of the grabbed workpieces during the conveying process of the workpieces with different sizes and specifications, the adjustment efficiency is low and the adjustment process is complex, the workpiece is difficult to continuously and efficiently convey and process, the requirements of production and use of the workpiece cannot be met, the conventional workpiece is in order to be transitionally conveyed between two conveying mechanisms, the workpiece is often conveyed by adopting a conveying mechanism, but a plurality of moving mechanisms of the conventional workpiece conveying mechanism are respectively driven by different external power, the driving action that a plurality of moving mechanisms are difficult to accurately and orderly is caused in the transferring process easily, the workpiece is difficult to accurately transfer, the transferring speed of the conventional workpiece conveying mechanism is difficult to adjust according to the workpiece processing speed of a previous process and a next process, the transferring speed of the workpiece conveying mechanism is fixed and difficult to adjust, and the requirements of production and use cannot be met.
Disclosure of Invention
the invention aims to solve the technical problem of overcoming the defects in the prior art, and provides a working method of a workpiece feeding mechanism which is reasonable in structural design, can efficiently and continuously convey and push materials on a front conveying plate to a rear conveying plate, and can adjust the material transfer rate according to the processing requirement.
In order to solve the technical problems, the technical scheme adopted by the invention is as follows: the working method of the workpiece feeding mechanism is characterized in that: the workpiece feeding mechanism comprises a fixed base, a translation bracket, a rotary material tray, a front conveying plate, a rear conveying plate, a rotating shaft, a cylindrical cam, a hydraulic motor, a material pushing bracket and a pushing guide plate, wherein the translation base is horizontally and fixedly arranged on the upper side of the fixed base, the translation bracket is arranged on the translation base in a sliding manner along the horizontal direction, a translation channel is horizontally arranged on the translation base, a guide structure matched with the translation channel is horizontally arranged on the lower side of the translation bracket, the rotary material tray is horizontally and rotatably connected to the upper side of the translation bracket, an annular rack plate is horizontally arranged in the middle of the rotary material tray, a rack bracket is horizontally and fixedly arranged on one side of the translation base, a fixed rack plate matched with the annular rack plate is horizontally and fixedly arranged on one side of the upper end of the rack bracket, the front conveying plate is horizontally, the front conveying plate and the rear conveying plate are mutually vertical, the upper side surfaces of the front conveying plate, the rear conveying plate and the rotating material plate are in the same horizontal position, one side of the fixed base is horizontally provided with a rotating support, the rotating shaft is horizontally and rotatably connected to the rotating support, the fixed base on one side of the rotating support is vertically and fixedly provided with a driving support, the hydraulic motor is horizontally and fixedly arranged on one side of the driving support, a coupler is arranged between the output end of the hydraulic motor and the rotating shaft, the fixed base on one side of the hydraulic motor is provided with a flow control valve, an oil feeding pipe and an oil returning pipe are arranged between the flow control valve and the hydraulic motor, the two sides of the flow control valve are respectively communicated with an oil inlet pipe and an oil outlet pipe, the cylindrical cam is horizontally and fixedly arranged at one end of the, the connecting bracket is of an L-shaped structure, a fixed connecting rod is vertically and fixedly arranged at the lower side of the outer end of the connecting bracket, the lower end of the fixed connecting rod is horizontally and rotatably connected with a rotating guide wheel matched with the guide channel, two sides of the middle part of the rotating shaft are sequentially and vertically and rotatably connected with a front bevel gear and a rear bevel gear, one side below the fixed base is horizontally and fixedly provided with a material pushing bearing plate, the material pushing bearing plate at the lower side of the front bevel gear is horizontally and rotatably connected with a pull plate bevel gear, the material pushing bearing plate at the lower side of the rear bevel gear is horizontally and rotatably connected with a push plate bevel gear, two sides above the material pushing bearing plate are respectively and fixedly provided with a pull plate base and a push plate base, the pull plate base is vertically and rotatably connected with a pull plate rotating rod, the, a pulling plate chain is horizontally connected between the pulling plate main chain wheel and the pulling plate auxiliary chain wheel, a pushing plate main chain wheel is horizontally and fixedly arranged at the lower side of the pushing plate bevel gear, a pushing plate auxiliary chain wheel is horizontally and fixedly arranged at the lower side of the pushing plate rotating rod, a pushing plate chain is horizontally connected between the pushing plate main chain wheel and the pushing plate auxiliary chain wheel, a pulling plate gear is horizontally and fixedly arranged at the upper end of the pulling plate rotating rod, a pushing plate gear is horizontally and fixedly arranged at the upper end of the pushing plate rotating rod, the pulling plate gear and the pushing plate gear are both intermittent gears, a pushing support is vertically and fixedly arranged on a translation base between the pulling plate rotating rod and the pushing plate rotating rod, a horizontal pushing guide plate is arranged at the upper side of the pushing support in a sliding mode along the horizontal direction, the sliding direction of the horizontal pushing guide plate is mutually perpendicular to the translation direction of the translation support, the push plate rack layer is arranged on one side of the push plate gear, and the push plate gear is alternately meshed with the push plate rack layer and the pull plate gear is alternately meshed with the pull plate rack layer.
Furthermore, the upper side of the pushing support is horizontally and fixedly provided with a T-shaped guide strip, and the lower side of the horizontal pushing guide plate is horizontally provided with a translation guide groove matched with the T-shaped guide strip in a penetrating manner.
Furthermore, a plurality of rotating balls are uniformly arranged on the outer side of the rotating guide wheel in a rolling manner.
The working method of the workpiece feeding mechanism comprises the following steps: when in use, a translation channel is horizontally arranged on a translation base, a guide structure matched with the translation channel is horizontally arranged on the lower side of a translation support, so that the translation support can be stably and accurately arranged on the translation base in a sliding manner along the horizontal direction, an annular rack plate is horizontally arranged in the middle of a rotating material tray, a fixed rack plate matched with the annular rack plate is horizontally and fixedly arranged on one side of the upper end of the rack support, the rotating material tray of the translation support can rotate along the fixed rack plate in the translation process, the material on the rotating material tray close to a front conveying plate can be stably transferred to the rotating material tray close to a rear conveying plate, a horizontal push guide plate is used for horizontally pushing the material on the rotating material tray to the rear conveying plate, automatic material conveying and feeding are realized, the rotating material tray is horizontally and rotatably connected to a rotating support through a rotating shaft, and a coupler is arranged between the output end, the hydraulic motor can continuously drive the rotating shaft to rotate, the cylindrical cam is horizontally and coaxially and fixedly arranged at one end of the rotating shaft, so that the cylindrical cam can synchronously and continuously rotate with the rotating shaft, the cylindrical cam is provided with a guide channel, the lower side of the outer end of the connecting bracket at one side of the translation bracket is vertically and fixedly provided with a fixed connecting rod, the lower end of the fixed connecting rod is horizontally and rotatably connected with a rotating guide wheel matched with the guide channel, so that the rotating guide wheel can roll along the guide channel in the rotating process of the cylindrical cam, the translation bracket can be driven by the cylindrical cam to perform reciprocating translation, the rotating material tray can synchronously perform reciprocating rotation with the translation bracket, the material on the front conveying plate can be continuously transported, a front bevel gear and a rear bevel gear are sequentially and vertically and rotatably connected at two sides of the middle part of the rotating shaft, and a pull plate bevel gear, a push plate bevel gear is horizontally and rotatably connected to the material pushing bearing plate on the lower side of the rear bevel gear, a pull plate chain is horizontally connected between a pull plate main chain wheel on the lower side of the pull plate bevel gear and a pull plate auxiliary chain wheel on the lower side of the pull plate rotating rod, a push plate chain is horizontally connected between the push plate main chain wheel on the lower side of the push plate bevel gear and the push plate auxiliary chain wheel on the lower side of the push plate rotating rod, so that the pull plate rotating rod and the push plate rotating rod are driven by a rotating shaft to synchronously rotate in the same direction, a pull plate gear is horizontally and fixedly arranged at the upper end of the pull plate rotating rod, a push plate gear is horizontally and fixedly arranged at the upper end of the push plate rotating rod, the pull plate gear and the push plate gear are both intermittent gears, pull plate rack layers and push plate rack layers are respectively and horizontally and symmetrically arranged at two sides of the horizontal push guide plate, the push plate gear and the push plate rack layers are alternately, the automatic material conveying and feeding is realized, through the structure, a plurality of moving mechanisms of the automatic material conveying and feeding device are driven by the hydraulic motor, so that the moving mechanisms can sequentially and orderly move, the flow control valve is arranged on the fixed base on one side of the hydraulic motor, the oil feeding pipe and the oil returning pipe are arranged between the flow control valve and the hydraulic motor, the two sides of the flow control valve are respectively communicated with the oil inlet pipe and the oil outlet pipe, so that the rotating speed of the hydraulic motor can be conveniently adjusted and controlled by the flow control valve, the material conveying speed can be ensured to be adjusted, the material conveying speed can be adjusted according to the processing speed of the front process and the subsequent process, the material conveying speed can meet the normal production and processing requirements, and the rotating guide wheel can smoothly roll along the guide channel by uniformly rolling the outer side of the rotating guide wheel, the blocking generated in the translation process of the translation support is avoided, and the materials on the front conveying plate can be efficiently and continuously conveyed and pushed to the rear conveying plate.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the following advantages and effects: the invention has reasonable structural design, a translation channel is horizontally arranged on a translation base, a guide structure matched with the translation channel is horizontally arranged on the lower side of a translation bracket, so that the translation bracket can be stably and accurately arranged on the translation base in a sliding way along the horizontal direction, an annular rack plate is horizontally arranged in the middle of a rotating material tray, a fixed rack plate matched with the annular rack plate is horizontally and fixedly arranged on one side of the upper end of the rack bracket, so that the rotating material tray of the translation bracket can rotate along the fixed rack plate in the translation process, the material on the rotating material tray close to a front conveying plate can be stably transferred to the rotating material tray close to a rear conveying plate, and the material on the rotating material tray is horizontally pushed to the rear conveying plate by using a horizontal pushing guide plate, thereby realizing the automatic conveying and feeding of the material, being horizontally and rotatably connected to a rotating support through a rotating shaft, and a coupler is arranged between, the hydraulic motor can continuously drive the rotating shaft to rotate, the cylindrical cam is horizontally and coaxially and fixedly arranged at one end of the rotating shaft, so that the cylindrical cam can synchronously and continuously rotate with the rotating shaft, the cylindrical cam is provided with a guide channel, the lower side of the outer end of the connecting bracket at one side of the translation bracket is vertically and fixedly provided with a fixed connecting rod, the lower end of the fixed connecting rod is horizontally and rotatably connected with a rotating guide wheel matched with the guide channel, so that the rotating guide wheel can roll along the guide channel in the rotating process of the cylindrical cam, the translation bracket can be driven by the cylindrical cam to perform reciprocating translation, the rotating material tray can synchronously perform reciprocating rotation with the translation bracket, the material on the front conveying plate can be continuously transported, a front bevel gear and a rear bevel gear are sequentially and vertically and rotatably connected at two sides of the middle part of the rotating shaft, and a pull plate bevel gear, a push plate bevel gear is horizontally and rotatably connected to the material pushing bearing plate on the lower side of the rear bevel gear, a pull plate chain is horizontally connected between a pull plate main chain wheel on the lower side of the pull plate bevel gear and a pull plate auxiliary chain wheel on the lower side of the pull plate rotating rod, a push plate chain is horizontally connected between the push plate main chain wheel on the lower side of the push plate bevel gear and the push plate auxiliary chain wheel on the lower side of the push plate rotating rod, so that the pull plate rotating rod and the push plate rotating rod are driven by a rotating shaft to synchronously rotate in the same direction, a pull plate gear is horizontally and fixedly arranged at the upper end of the pull plate rotating rod, a push plate gear is horizontally and fixedly arranged at the upper end of the push plate rotating rod, the pull plate gear and the push plate gear are both intermittent gears, pull plate rack layers and push plate rack layers are respectively and horizontally and symmetrically arranged at two sides of the horizontal push guide plate, the push plate gear and the push plate rack layers are alternately, the automatic material conveying and feeding is realized, through the structure, a plurality of moving mechanisms of the automatic material conveying and feeding device are driven by the hydraulic motor, so that the moving mechanisms can sequentially and orderly move, the flow control valve is arranged on the fixed base on one side of the hydraulic motor, the oil feeding pipe and the oil returning pipe are arranged between the flow control valve and the hydraulic motor, the two sides of the flow control valve are respectively communicated with the oil inlet pipe and the oil outlet pipe, so that the rotating speed of the hydraulic motor can be conveniently adjusted and controlled by the flow control valve, the material conveying speed can be ensured to be adjusted, the material conveying speed can be adjusted according to the processing speed of the front process and the subsequent process, the material conveying speed can meet the normal production and processing requirements, and the rotating guide wheel can smoothly roll along the guide channel by uniformly rolling the outer side of the rotating guide wheel, the clamping resistance generated in the translation process of the translation support is avoided, the material on the front conveying plate can be efficiently and continuously conveyed and pushed to the rear conveying plate, and the production and use requirements are met.
drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic front view of a workpiece feeding mechanism according to the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a left side view structural schematic diagram of a workpiece feeding mechanism of the invention.
Fig. 3 is a schematic top view of a workpiece loading mechanism according to the present invention.
Fig. 4 is a schematic view of the structure of the rotating idler of the present invention.
In the figure: 1. the device comprises a fixed base, a translation bracket, a rotating material disc, a front transmission plate, a rear transmission plate, a rotating shaft, a cylindrical cam, a hydraulic motor, a pushing bracket, a pushing guide plate, a translation channel, a ring-shaped rack plate, a rack bracket, a fixed rack plate, a rotating support, a driving support, a coupler, a flow control valve, a feeding pipe, a return pipe, an oil inlet pipe, an oil outlet pipe, a guide channel, a connecting bracket, a connecting rod, a rotating guide wheel, a front bevel gear, a rear bevel gear, a pushing bearing plate, a pulling plate bevel gear, a pushing plate, a pushing bevel gear, a pulling plate base, a pushing plate, a pushing bevel gear, a, 34. the device comprises a push plate base, 35 parts of a pull plate rotating rod, 36 parts of a push plate rotating rod, 37 parts of a pull plate main chain wheel, 38 parts of a pull plate auxiliary chain wheel, 39 parts of a pull plate chain, 40 parts of a push plate auxiliary chain wheel, 41 parts of a push plate chain, 42 parts of a pull plate gear, 43 parts of a push plate gear, 44 parts of a pull plate rack layer, 45 parts of a push plate rack layer, 46 parts of a T-shaped guide strip, 47 parts of a translation guide groove and 48 parts of a rotating ball.
Detailed Description
To further illustrate the present invention, a specific embodiment of a workpiece loading mechanism is further illustrated below with reference to the accompanying drawings, and the following examples are illustrative of the present invention and the present invention is not limited to the following examples.
As shown in figures 1, 2 and 3, the workpiece feeding mechanism comprises a fixed base 1, a translation base 2, a translation bracket 3, a rotary material tray 4, a front conveying plate 5, a rear conveying plate 6, a rotating shaft 7, a cylindrical cam 8, a hydraulic motor 9, a material pushing bracket 10 and a translation guide plate 11, wherein the translation base 2 is horizontally and fixedly arranged on the upper side of the fixed base 1, the translation bracket 3 is arranged on the translation base 2 in a sliding manner along the horizontal direction, a translation channel 12 is horizontally arranged on the translation base 2, a guide structure matched with the translation channel 12 is horizontally arranged on the lower side of the translation bracket 3, the rotary material tray 4 is horizontally and rotatably connected to the upper side of the translation bracket 3, an annular rack plate 13 is horizontally arranged in the middle of the rotary material tray 4, a rack bracket 14 is horizontally and fixedly arranged on one side of the translation base 2, a fixed rack plate 15 matched with the annular rack plate 13 is horizontally and fixedly arranged on one side, the invention is characterized in that a front transmission plate 5 is horizontally arranged on one side above a translation base 2, a rear transmission plate 6 is horizontally arranged on the other side above the translation base 2, the front transmission plate 5 and the rear transmission plate 6 are vertical to each other, the upper side surfaces of the front transmission plate 5, the rear transmission plate 6 and a rotating material tray 4 are in the same horizontal position, one side of a fixed base 1 is horizontally provided with a rotating support 16, a rotating shaft 7 is horizontally and rotatably connected with the rotating support 16, a driving support 17 is vertically and fixedly arranged on the fixed base 1 on one side of the rotating support 16, a hydraulic motor 9 is horizontally and fixedly arranged on one side of the driving support 17, a coupling 18 is arranged between the output end of the hydraulic motor 9 and the rotating shaft 7, a flow control valve 19 is arranged on the fixed base 1 on one side of the hydraulic motor 9, an oil feeding pipe 20 and an oil returning pipe 21 are arranged between the flow control valve 19 and the hydraulic motor 9, a cylindrical cam 8 is horizontally and coaxially fixedly arranged at one end of a rotating shaft 7, a guide channel 24 is arranged on the cylindrical cam 8, a connecting support 25 is horizontally and fixedly arranged on one side above a translation support 3, the connecting support 25 is of an L-shaped structure, a fixed connecting rod 26 is vertically and fixedly arranged on the lower side of the outer end of the connecting support 25, and the lower end of the fixed connecting rod 26 is horizontally and rotatably connected with a rotating guide wheel 27 matched with the guide channel 24. A front bevel gear 28 and a rear bevel gear 29 are sequentially and vertically and rotatably connected to two sides of the middle of a rotating shaft 7, a pushing bearing plate 30 is horizontally and fixedly arranged on one side below a fixing base 1, a pull plate bevel gear 31 is horizontally and rotatably connected to the pushing bearing plate 30 on the lower side of the front bevel gear 28, a push plate bevel gear 32 is horizontally and rotatably connected to the pushing bearing plate 30 on the lower side of the rear bevel gear 29, a pull plate base 33 and a push plate base 34 are respectively and fixedly arranged on two sides above the pushing bearing plate 30, a pull plate rotating rod 35 is vertically and rotatably connected to the pull plate base 33, a push plate rotating rod 36 is vertically and rotatably connected to the push plate base 34, a pull plate main chain wheel 37 is horizontally and fixedly arranged on the lower side of the pull plate bevel gear 31, a pull plate auxiliary chain wheel 38 is horizontally and fixedly arranged on the lower side of the pull plate rotating rod 35, a pull plate chain, a push plate auxiliary chain wheel 40 is horizontally and fixedly arranged on the lower side of the push plate rotating rod 36, and a push plate chain 41 is horizontally connected between the push plate main chain wheel and the push plate auxiliary chain wheel 40. The upper end of a pulling plate rotating rod 35 is horizontally and fixedly provided with a pulling plate gear 42, the upper end of a pushing plate rotating rod 36 is horizontally and fixedly provided with a pushing plate gear 43, the pulling plate gear 42 and the pushing plate gear 43 are both intermittent gears, a pushing support 10 is vertically and fixedly arranged on a translation base 2 between the pulling plate rotating rod 35 and the pushing plate rotating rod 36, the upper side of the pushing support 10 is provided with a horizontal pushing guide plate 11 in a sliding mode along the horizontal direction, the sliding direction of the horizontal pushing guide plate 11 is perpendicular to the translation direction of the translation support 3, two sides of the horizontal pushing guide plate 11 are respectively provided with a pulling plate rack layer 44 and a pushing plate rack layer 45 in a horizontal and symmetrical mode, the pulling plate rack layer 44 is arranged on one side of the pulling plate gear 42, and the pushing plate rack layer 45 is arranged on one side of the pushing plate gear 43, and the pulling plate gear 42 and the pulling plate rack.
The T-shaped guide strip 46 is horizontally and fixedly arranged on the upper side of the pushing support 10, and the translation guide groove 47 matched with the T-shaped guide strip 46 is horizontally arranged on the lower side of the horizontal pushing guide plate 11 in a penetrating manner, so that the horizontal pushing guide plate 11 can smoothly and accurately slide in a reciprocating and translating manner along the pushing support 10. As shown in fig. 4, a plurality of rolling balls 48 are uniformly arranged on the outer side of the rotating guide wheel 27 in a rolling manner, so that the rotating guide wheel 27 can smoothly roll along the guide channel 24, and the occurrence of jamming during the translation process of the translation bracket 3 is avoided.
By adopting the technical scheme, when the workpiece feeding mechanism is used, the translation channel 12 is horizontally arranged on the translation base 2, the lower side of the translation bracket 3 is horizontally provided with the guide structure matched with the translation channel 12, so that the translation bracket 3 can be stably and accurately arranged on the translation base 2 in a sliding manner along the horizontal direction, the annular rack plate 13 is horizontally arranged in the middle of the rotating material tray 4, the fixed rack plate 15 matched with the annular rack plate 13 is horizontally and fixedly arranged on one side of the upper end of the rack bracket 14, so that the rotating material tray 4 of the translation bracket 3 can rotate along the fixed rack plate 15 in the translation process, the material on the rotating material tray 4 close to the front conveying plate 5 can be stably transferred to the rotating material tray 4 close to the rear conveying plate 6, and the material on the rotating material tray 4 is horizontally pushed to the rear conveying plate 6 by the horizontal push guide plate 11, the automatic material conveying and feeding device is characterized in that the device is horizontally and rotatably connected to a rotating support 16 through a rotating shaft 7, a coupler 18 is arranged between the output end of a hydraulic motor 9 and the rotating shaft 7, the hydraulic motor 9 can continuously drive the rotating shaft 7 to rotate, a cylindrical cam 8 is horizontally and coaxially and fixedly arranged at one end of the rotating shaft 7, so that the cylindrical cam 8 can synchronously and continuously rotate with the rotating shaft 7, a guide channel 24 is arranged on the cylindrical cam 8, a fixed connecting rod 26 is vertically and fixedly arranged at the lower side of the outer end of a connecting bracket 25 at one side of a translation bracket 3, the lower end of the fixed connecting rod 26 is horizontally and rotatably connected with a rotating guide wheel 27 matched with the guide channel 24, so that the rotating guide wheel 27 can roll along the guide channel 24 in the rotating process of the cylindrical cam 8, and the translation bracket 3 can be driven, so that the rotating material tray 4 can synchronously and reciprocally rotate with the translation bracket 3, so that materials on the front conveying plate 5 can be continuously transferred, a front bevel gear 28 and a rear bevel gear 29 are sequentially vertically and rotationally connected to two sides of the middle of the rotating shaft 7, a pull plate bevel gear 31 is horizontally and rotationally connected to a material pushing bearing plate 30 on the lower side of the front bevel gear 28, a push plate bevel gear 32 is horizontally and rotationally connected to a material pushing bearing plate 30 on the lower side of the rear bevel gear 29, a pull plate chain 39 is horizontally connected between a pull plate main chain wheel 37 on the lower side of the pull plate bevel gear 31 and a pull plate auxiliary chain wheel 38 on the lower side of the pull plate rotating rod 35, a push plate chain 41 is horizontally connected between a push plate main chain wheel on the lower side of the push plate bevel gear 32 and a push plate auxiliary chain wheel 40 on the lower side of the push plate rotating rod 36, so that the pull plate rotating rod 35 and the, the upper end of the push plate rotating rod 36 is horizontally and fixedly provided with a push plate gear 43, the pull plate gear 42 and the push plate gear 43 are intermittent gears, two sides of the flat push guide plate 11 are respectively and horizontally and symmetrically provided with a pull plate rack layer 44 and a push plate rack layer 45, the push plate gear 43, the push plate rack layer 45 and the pull plate gear 42 are alternately meshed and connected with the pull plate rack layer 44, so that the flat push guide plate 11 can be driven to continuously reciprocate to translate, materials on a rotating material tray 4 can be stably pushed to the rear conveying plate 6, automatic material conveying and loading are realized, through the structure, a plurality of motion mechanisms of the invention are driven by the hydraulic motor 9, a plurality of orderly motion mechanisms can sequentially move, the fixed base 1 on one side of the hydraulic motor 9 is provided with the flow control valve 19, and an oil feeding pipe 20 and an oil returning pipe 21 are arranged between the flow control valve 19 and the hydraulic motor 9, the flow control valve 19 both sides communicate respectively and are provided with into oil pipe 22 and play oil pipe 23, the rotational speed of the convenient regulation control hydraulic motor 9 of messenger's utilization flow control valve 19, ensure the transport rate that can adjust the material, the transport rate of material is adjusted according to the process rate of front process and back process to the messenger, make the transport rate of material can satisfy normal production processing needs, it is provided with many rotation balls 48 to roll evenly through rotating the guide pulley 27 outside, make and rotate guide pulley 27 and can roll along the smooth going on of direction passageway 24, avoid producing the card at the translation in-process of translation support 3 and hinder. Through the structure, the material conveying device is reasonable in structural design, can efficiently and continuously convey and push materials on the front conveying plate 5 to the rear conveying plate 6, can adjust the material conveying speed according to the processing requirement, and meets the production and use requirements.
The above description of the present invention is intended to be illustrative. Various modifications, additions and substitutions for the specific embodiments described may be made by those skilled in the art without departing from the scope of the invention as defined in the accompanying claims.

Claims (1)

1. The working method of the workpiece feeding mechanism is characterized in that: the workpiece feeding mechanism comprises a fixed base, a translation bracket, a rotary material tray, a front conveying plate, a rear conveying plate, a rotating shaft, a cylindrical cam, a hydraulic motor, a material pushing bracket and a pushing guide plate, wherein the translation base is horizontally and fixedly arranged on the upper side of the fixed base, the translation bracket is arranged on the translation base in a sliding manner along the horizontal direction, a translation channel is horizontally arranged on the translation base, a guide structure matched with the translation channel is horizontally arranged on the lower side of the translation bracket, the rotary material tray is horizontally and rotatably connected to the upper side of the translation bracket, an annular rack plate is horizontally arranged in the middle of the rotary material tray, a rack bracket is horizontally and fixedly arranged on one side of the translation base, a fixed rack plate matched with the annular rack plate is horizontally and fixedly arranged on one side of the upper end of the rack bracket, the front conveying plate is horizontally, the front conveying plate and the rear conveying plate are mutually vertical, the upper side surfaces of the front conveying plate, the rear conveying plate and the rotating material plate are in the same horizontal position, one side of the fixed base is horizontally provided with a rotating support, the rotating shaft is horizontally and rotatably connected to the rotating support, the fixed base on one side of the rotating support is vertically and fixedly provided with a driving support, the hydraulic motor is horizontally and fixedly arranged on one side of the driving support, a coupler is arranged between the output end of the hydraulic motor and the rotating shaft, the fixed base on one side of the hydraulic motor is provided with a flow control valve, an oil feeding pipe and an oil returning pipe are arranged between the flow control valve and the hydraulic motor, the two sides of the flow control valve are respectively communicated with an oil inlet pipe and an oil outlet pipe, the cylindrical cam is horizontally and fixedly arranged at one end of the, the connecting bracket is of an L-shaped structure, a fixed connecting rod is vertically and fixedly arranged at the lower side of the outer end of the connecting bracket, the lower end of the fixed connecting rod is horizontally and rotatably connected with a rotating guide wheel matched with the guide channel, two sides of the middle part of the rotating shaft are sequentially and vertically and rotatably connected with a front bevel gear and a rear bevel gear, one side below the fixed base is horizontally and fixedly provided with a material pushing bearing plate, the material pushing bearing plate at the lower side of the front bevel gear is horizontally and rotatably connected with a pull plate bevel gear, the material pushing bearing plate at the lower side of the rear bevel gear is horizontally and rotatably connected with a push plate bevel gear, two sides above the material pushing bearing plate are respectively and fixedly provided with a pull plate base and a push plate base, the pull plate base is vertically and rotatably connected with a pull plate rotating rod, the, a pulling plate chain is horizontally connected between the pulling plate main chain wheel and the pulling plate auxiliary chain wheel, a pushing plate main chain wheel is horizontally and fixedly arranged at the lower side of the pushing plate bevel gear, a pushing plate auxiliary chain wheel is horizontally and fixedly arranged at the lower side of the pushing plate rotating rod, a pushing plate chain is horizontally connected between the pushing plate main chain wheel and the pushing plate auxiliary chain wheel, a pulling plate gear is horizontally and fixedly arranged at the upper end of the pulling plate rotating rod, a pushing plate gear is horizontally and fixedly arranged at the upper end of the pushing plate rotating rod, the pulling plate gear and the pushing plate gear are both intermittent gears, a pushing support is vertically and fixedly arranged on a translation base between the pulling plate rotating rod and the pushing plate rotating rod, a horizontal pushing guide plate is arranged at the upper side of the pushing support in a sliding mode along the horizontal direction, the sliding direction of the horizontal pushing guide plate is mutually perpendicular to the translation direction of the translation support, the push plate rack layer is arranged on one side of the push plate gear, and the push plate gear is in alternate meshing connection with the push plate rack layer and the pull plate gear is in alternate meshing connection with the pull plate rack layer;
A T-shaped guide strip is horizontally and fixedly arranged on the upper side of the pushing support, and a translation guide groove matched with the T-shaped guide strip is horizontally arranged on the lower side of the horizontal pushing guide plate in a penetrating manner;
A plurality of rotating balls are uniformly arranged on the outer side of the rotating guide wheel in a rolling manner;
The working method of the workpiece feeding mechanism comprises the following steps: when in use, a translation channel is horizontally arranged on a translation base, a guide structure matched with the translation channel is horizontally arranged on the lower side of a translation support, so that the translation support can be stably and accurately arranged on the translation base in a sliding manner along the horizontal direction, an annular rack plate is horizontally arranged in the middle of a rotating material tray, a fixed rack plate matched with the annular rack plate is horizontally and fixedly arranged on one side of the upper end of the rack support, the rotating material tray of the translation support can rotate along the fixed rack plate in the translation process, the material on the rotating material tray close to a front conveying plate can be stably transferred to the rotating material tray close to a rear conveying plate, a horizontal push guide plate is used for horizontally pushing the material on the rotating material tray to the rear conveying plate, automatic material conveying and feeding are realized, the rotating material tray is horizontally and rotatably connected to a rotating support through a rotating shaft, and a coupler is arranged between the output end, the hydraulic motor can continuously drive the rotating shaft to rotate, the cylindrical cam is horizontally and coaxially and fixedly arranged at one end of the rotating shaft, so that the cylindrical cam can synchronously and continuously rotate with the rotating shaft, the cylindrical cam is provided with a guide channel, the lower side of the outer end of the connecting bracket at one side of the translation bracket is vertically and fixedly provided with a fixed connecting rod, the lower end of the fixed connecting rod is horizontally and rotatably connected with a rotating guide wheel matched with the guide channel, so that the rotating guide wheel can roll along the guide channel in the rotating process of the cylindrical cam, the translation bracket can be driven by the cylindrical cam to perform reciprocating translation, the rotating material tray can synchronously perform reciprocating rotation with the translation bracket, the material on the front conveying plate can be continuously transported, a front bevel gear and a rear bevel gear are sequentially and vertically and rotatably connected at two sides of the middle part of the rotating shaft, and a pull plate bevel gear, a push plate bevel gear is horizontally and rotatably connected to the material pushing bearing plate on the lower side of the rear bevel gear, a pull plate chain is horizontally connected between a pull plate main chain wheel on the lower side of the pull plate bevel gear and a pull plate auxiliary chain wheel on the lower side of the pull plate rotating rod, a push plate chain is horizontally connected between the push plate main chain wheel on the lower side of the push plate bevel gear and the push plate auxiliary chain wheel on the lower side of the push plate rotating rod, so that the pull plate rotating rod and the push plate rotating rod are driven by a rotating shaft to synchronously rotate in the same direction, a pull plate gear is horizontally and fixedly arranged at the upper end of the pull plate rotating rod, a push plate gear is horizontally and fixedly arranged at the upper end of the push plate rotating rod, the pull plate gear and the push plate gear are both intermittent gears, pull plate rack layers and push plate rack layers are respectively and horizontally and symmetrically arranged at two sides of the horizontal push guide plate, the push plate gear and the push plate rack layers are alternately, the automatic material conveying and feeding is realized, through the structure, a plurality of moving mechanisms of the automatic material conveying and feeding device are driven by the hydraulic motor, so that the moving mechanisms can sequentially and orderly move, the flow control valve is arranged on the fixed base on one side of the hydraulic motor, the oil feeding pipe and the oil returning pipe are arranged between the flow control valve and the hydraulic motor, the two sides of the flow control valve are respectively communicated with the oil inlet pipe and the oil outlet pipe, so that the rotating speed of the hydraulic motor can be conveniently adjusted and controlled by the flow control valve, the material conveying speed can be ensured to be adjusted, the material conveying speed can be adjusted according to the processing speed of the front process and the subsequent process, the material conveying speed can meet the normal production and processing requirements, and the rotating guide wheel can smoothly roll along the guide channel by uniformly rolling the outer side of the rotating guide wheel, the blocking generated in the translation process of the translation support is avoided, and the materials on the front conveying plate can be efficiently and continuously conveyed and pushed to the rear conveying plate.
CN201910685133.XA 2017-12-26 2017-12-26 Working method of workpiece feeding mechanism Active CN110577072B (en)

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CN201711432058.3A CN108313639B (en) 2017-12-26 2017-12-26 A kind of automatic rotary feed mechanism
CN201910685133.XA CN110577072B (en) 2017-12-26 2017-12-26 Working method of workpiece feeding mechanism

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910685133.XA CN110577072B (en) 2017-12-26 2017-12-26 Working method of workpiece feeding mechanism

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CN203938164U (en) * 2014-05-23 2014-11-12 佛山市泰格威德机器人科技有限公司 A kind of automatic reversing mechanism
CN206142427U (en) * 2016-11-07 2017-05-03 重庆通得电气有限公司 Motor shaft intermittent type feeding system
CN107098120A (en) * 2017-06-26 2017-08-29 桐乡市唐潮广告有限公司 One kind transports platform reciprocator
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CN110577072B (en) 2020-09-22
CN108313639B (en) 2019-10-11
CN110525962A (en) 2019-12-03
CN108313639A (en) 2018-07-24
CN110525962B (en) 2020-10-23

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