CN110574535A - Fertilizer injection unit is used in forestry growing seedlings - Google Patents

Fertilizer injection unit is used in forestry growing seedlings Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110574535A
CN110574535A CN201910973039.4A CN201910973039A CN110574535A CN 110574535 A CN110574535 A CN 110574535A CN 201910973039 A CN201910973039 A CN 201910973039A CN 110574535 A CN110574535 A CN 110574535A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
base
supporting
fertilizer
fertilizing device
rotating cylinder
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
CN201910973039.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
孙海馥
Original Assignee
孙海馥
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 孙海馥 filed Critical 孙海馥
Priority to CN201910973039.4A priority Critical patent/CN110574535A/en
Publication of CN110574535A publication Critical patent/CN110574535A/en
Withdrawn legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C15/00Fertiliser distributors
    • A01C15/16Fertiliser distributors with means for pushing out the fertiliser, e.g. by a roller
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/08Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within vertical containers
    • B02C18/12Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within vertical containers with drive arranged below container

Abstract

the invention discloses a fertilizing device for seedling culture in forestry, which comprises a base and a fertilizer treatment tank, wherein a fixing frame is arranged on the base; a feeding pipe is communicated with the bottom of the fertilizer treatment tank on the same side as the spiral lifting assembly, and the bottom end of the feeding pipe is rotatably communicated with a rotating cylinder; the outer ring of the lower part of the rotating cylinder is fixedly provided with a cam, and the outer ring of the cam is slidably sleeved with a supporting lantern ring; the supporting sleeve is fixedly arranged on the top surface of the blanking plate, and a blanking channel matched with the blanking through hole at the bottom end of the rotating cylinder is formed in the blanking plate. According to the embodiment of the invention, the horizontal adjusting assembly can selectively enable the driving motor to drive the crushing cutter assembly and the spiral lifting assembly to synchronously rotate so as to crush the caked granular fertilizer, or enable the driving motor to drive the rotating drum to rotate so as to realize controllable and intermittent feeding and fertilizing effects.

Description

Fertilizer injection unit is used in forestry growing seedlings
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of forestry engineering, in particular to a fertilizing device for forestry seedling.
background
The roots of the seedlings in the seedling raising period are weak, so that the seedlings in the seedling raising period are expected to grow well, and the seedlings are required to be fertilized, so that the growth of the roots of the seedlings is promoted, and the growth vigor of the seedlings is improved; fertilization refers to an agricultural technical measure of applying fertilizer to soil or spraying the fertilizer on plants to provide nutrients needed by the plants and maintain and improve soil fertility, and the main purposes of fertilization are to increase crop yield, improve crop quality, fertilize soil and improve economic benefits, so that reasonable and scientific fertilization is one of the main means for guaranteeing grain safety and maintaining sustainable development of agriculture.
there is not suitable appurtenance when fertilizing the forestry plant in growth at present, mainly be that the person of fertilizing hand is carried the chemical fertilizer bag and is shed the fertilization, but this kind of fertilization mode can make person of fertilizing arm ache, but also can lead to the fertilization inequality, the inefficiency scheduling problem of fertilization to and long-term contact chemical fertilizer harm is healthy, and traditional granular fertilizer probably leads to the caking phenomenon when long-term storage in addition, not only inconvenient fertilization operation, influences the absorption effect of forestry plant to fertilizer moreover. Therefore, the fertilizing device for seedling cultivation in forestry is provided.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a fertilizing device for seedling culture in forestry, which is used for solving the problems in the background technology.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme:
A fertilization device for seedling culture in forestry comprises a base and a fertilizer treatment tank fixed on the base, wherein a crushing cutter assembly is rotatably arranged on one side in the fertilizer treatment tank, and a spiral lifting assembly linked with the crushing cutter assembly is arranged on the other side in the fertilizer treatment tank;
A discharging pipe is communicated with the bottom of the fertilizer treatment tank on the same side as the spiral lifting assembly, and the bottom end of the discharging pipe is rotatably communicated with a rotating cylinder; the outer ring of the lower part of the rotating cylinder is fixedly provided with a cam, and the outer ring of the cam is slidably sleeved with a supporting lantern ring;
The supporting sleeve is fixedly installed on the top surface of the blanking plate, and a blanking channel matched with the blanking through hole in the bottom end of the rotating cylinder is formed in the blanking plate.
As a further scheme of the invention: in order to avoid when rotating a section of thick bamboo irrotational, make the lower flitch can play the shutoff effect to the unloading through-hole, surface symmetry fixed mounting has two fixed plates under the bottom of frame, two fixed plates with all support through supporting spring between the both sides outer wall of the support lantern ring and connect, when supporting spring does not receive the effort, the unloading through-hole does not correspond with the unloading passageway to avoid when rotating a section of thick bamboo irrotational, make the lower flitch can play the shutoff effect to the unloading through-hole.
As a further scheme of the invention: and a driving motor for driving the crushing cutter assembly or the rotating cylinder to rotate adjusts the horizontal position through a horizontal adjusting assembly arranged on one side of the base.
As a further scheme of the invention: the horizontal adjusting assembly comprises a supporting screw rod rotatably arranged on the base and a moving threaded sleeve sleeved on the supporting screw rod in a threaded connection mode, and the driving motor is fixedly arranged on the moving threaded sleeve; and a forward and reverse rotating motor for driving the support screw rod to rotate is further installed on the side wall of the end part of the base, and the horizontal position of the movement threaded sleeve can be adjusted according to the rotating direction of the support screw rod, so that the horizontal position of the driving motor can be adjusted.
As a further scheme of the invention: a driving gear is mounted on an output shaft of the driving motor, and a second driven gear capable of being meshed with the driving gear is fixedly mounted at the bottom end of the crushing cutter assembly; and a first driven gear which can be meshed with the driving gear is fixedly arranged on the outer ring of the upper part of the rotating cylinder.
As a further scheme of the invention: the bottom of the fertilizer treatment tank is connected with the discharging pipe through a filter screen, and granular fertilizer completely smashed enters the rotating cylinder through filter holes in the filter screen.
As a further scheme of the invention: supporting legs are arranged at four corners of the bottom of the base, walking wheels are arranged at the bottom end of each supporting leg, and the movement of the fertilizing device is facilitated through the arranged walking wheels; furthermore, all be provided with on each supporting leg with the corresponding clutch blocks of walking wheel, utilize electric putter to promote the clutch blocks and move to the surface contact with the walking wheel, can realize the locking to the walking wheel, avoid this fertilizer injection unit to take place the swift current slope when not using.
As a further scheme of the invention: the machine base is fixedly provided with a rack, and the fertilizer treatment tank is vertically and fixedly arranged on the rack; and one side of the rack is provided with a handrail.
As a further scheme of the invention: and the base is also provided with a storage battery for supplying power to the power utilization components in the whole fertilizing device.
Compared with the prior art, in the fertilizing device for seedling growth in forestry provided by the embodiment of the invention, when the position of the driving motor is adjusted by the horizontal adjusting assembly until the driving gear is meshed with the second driven gear, the crushing cutter assembly and the spiral lifting assembly in the fertilizer treatment tank synchronously rotate, wherein the crushing cutter assembly is used for crushing agglomerated granular fertilizer in the fertilizer treatment tank, and the spiral lifting assembly is used for lifting fertilizer granules at the bottom of the fertilizer treatment tank upwards, so that the scattering effect of the agglomerated granular fertilizer in the fertilizer treatment tank is ensured; utilize horizontal adjustment subassembly adjustment driving motor to move to second driven gear and mesh mutually with first driven gear, driving motor drive this moment rotates a section of thick bamboo, when rotating a section of thick bamboo rotatory, it rotates to drive the cam, pivoted cam can promote the support lantern ring reciprocating motion on the horizontal direction that its outer lane cover was established, and then can promote the unloading board and move to unloading passageway and the alignment of unloading through-hole, at this moment, continue the whereabouts through unloading through-hole and unloading passageway and discharge, thereby realize controllable and have intermittent type nature's fertilization effect.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention, the drawings used in the description of the embodiments or the prior art will be briefly described below, and it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the present invention.
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural view of a fertilizing device for seedling growth provided by an embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 2 is an enlarged schematic view of a portion a in fig. 1.
fig. 3 is a three-dimensional structure diagram of a blanking plate and a supporting lantern ring in the fertilizing device for seedling growth provided by the embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 4 is a three-dimensional structure view of a rotating cylinder and a cam in the fertilizing device for seedling growth provided by the embodiment of the invention.
In the figure: 1-a machine base, 2-traveling wheels, 3-supporting legs, 4-electric push rods, 5-friction blocks, 6-positive and negative rotation motors, 7-supporting screw rods, 8-storage batteries, 9-a fertilizer treatment tank and 10-handrails;
11-a frame, 12-a crushing cutter assembly, 13-a spiral lifting assembly, 14-a discharging pipe, 15-a filter screen, 16-a first driven gear, 17-a rotating cylinder, 18-a moving screw sleeve, 19-a driving motor and 20-a second driven gear;
21-a fixing plate, 22-a supporting spring, 23-a cam, 24-a supporting lantern ring, 25-a blanking plate, 26-a blanking channel and 27-a blanking through hole.
Detailed Description
In order to make the technical problems, technical solutions and advantageous effects to be solved by the present invention more clearly apparent, the present invention is further described in detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings and embodiments. It should be understood that the specific embodiments described herein are merely illustrative of the invention and are not intended to limit the invention.
As shown in fig. 1-4, in an embodiment provided by the present invention, a fertilizing apparatus for seedling cultivation in forestry includes a base 1 and a fertilizer processing tank 9 fixed on the base 1, a crushing blade assembly 12 is rotatably disposed on one side in the fertilizer processing tank 9, a spiral lifting assembly 13 linked with the crushing blade assembly 12 is disposed on the other side in the fertilizer processing tank 9, a discharging pipe 14 is communicated with the bottom of the fertilizer processing tank 9 on the same side as the spiral lifting assembly 13, and a rotating drum 17 is rotatably communicated with the bottom end of the discharging pipe 14; a cam 23 is fixedly arranged on the outer ring of the lower part of the rotating cylinder 17, and a support lantern ring 24 is slidably sleeved on the outer ring of the cam 23;
Support lantern ring 24 fixed mounting is at the top surface of flitch 25 down, seted up on the flitch 25 with the unloading passageway 26 of the unloading through-hole 27 matched with of a rotating cylinder 17 bottom, in this embodiment, when a rotating cylinder 17 is rotatory, drive cam 23 and rotate, pivoted cam 23 can promote the support lantern ring 24 reciprocating motion on the horizontal direction that its outer lane cover was established, and then can promote down flitch 25 and move to unloading passageway 26 and align with unloading through-hole 27, when unloading passageway 26 aligns with unloading through-hole 27, behind the rotating cylinder 17, the granule fertilizer in the fertilizer treatment jar 9 can flow through, continue the whereabouts through unloading through-hole 27 and unloading passageway 26 and discharge, thereby realize controllable and have intermittent type nature fertilization effect.
In order to avoid that the blanking plate 25 can block the blanking through hole 27 when the rotating cylinder 17 does not rotate, in the embodiment of the present invention, two fixing plates 21 are symmetrically and fixedly installed on the bottom lower surface of the base 1, the two fixing plates 21 and the outer walls of the two sides of the supporting collar 24 are supported and connected by the supporting spring 22, and the blanking through hole 27 does not correspond to the blanking channel 26 in a state that the supporting spring 22 is not stressed, so that the blanking plate 25 can block the blanking through hole 27 when the rotating cylinder 17 does not rotate.
Further, in the embodiment of the present invention, the driving motor 19 for driving the crushing blade assembly 12 or the rotary drum 17 to rotate performs the adjustment of the horizontal position by the horizontal adjusting assembly provided at one side of the frame 1; the horizontal adjusting assembly comprises a supporting screw rod 7 rotatably arranged on the base 1 and a moving threaded sleeve 18 sleeved on the supporting screw rod 7 in a threaded connection mode, and the driving motor 19 is fixedly arranged on the moving threaded sleeve 18; and a forward and reverse rotating motor 6 for driving the support screw rod 7 to rotate is further installed on the side wall of the end part of the machine base 1, and the horizontal position of the movement threaded sleeve 18 can be adjusted according to the rotating direction of the support screw rod 7, so that the horizontal position of the driving motor 19 can be adjusted.
Specifically, in the embodiment of the present invention, an output shaft of the driving motor 19 is provided with a driving gear, and a second driven gear 20 capable of meshing with the driving gear is fixedly mounted at the bottom end of the crushing cutter assembly 12; the upper portion outer lane fixed mounting of a rotary drum 17 can with driving gear engaged with first driven gear 16, when utilizing horizontal adjustment assembly adjustment driving motor 19's position to driving gear and second driven gear 20 to mesh mutually, crushing sword subassembly 12 and spiral lifting assembly 13 synchronous revolution in the fertilizer processing jar 9, wherein crushing sword subassembly 12 is used for smashing the granular fertilizer of the caking in the fertilizer processing jar 9, and spiral lifting assembly 13 is used for upwards promoting the fertilizer granule of fertilizer processing jar 9 bottom to guarantee the effect of breaing up of the granular fertilizer of caking in the fertilizer processing jar 9.
with reference to fig. 1, in the embodiment of the present invention, a filter screen 15 is further disposed at a connection position between the bottom of the fertilizer processing tank 9 and the feeding pipe 14, and the completely crushed granular fertilizer enters the rotary drum 17 through filter holes of the filter screen 15;
When the fertilization operation is required, only the horizontal adjusting assembly is needed to be utilized to adjust the driving motor 19 to move to the second driven gear 20 to be meshed with the first driven gear 16, the driving motor 19 which is connected to a power supply and started drives the rotating cylinder 17 to rotate at the moment, when the rotating cylinder 17 rotates, the cam 23 is driven to rotate, the rotating cam 23 can push the supporting sleeve ring 24 sleeved on the outer ring of the rotating cam 23 to reciprocate in the horizontal direction, and further can push the blanking plate 25 to move to the blanking channel 26 to be aligned with the blanking through hole 27, when the blanking channel 26 is aligned with the blanking through hole 27, granular fertilizer in the fertilizer treatment tank 9 can flow through the rotating cylinder 17 and then continuously fall and be discharged through the blanking through hole 27 and the blanking channel 26, and therefore the controllable fertilization effect with intermittence is achieved.
With reference to fig. 1, in another embodiment of the present invention, four corners of the bottom of the base 1 are provided with support legs 3, the bottom end of each support leg 3 is provided with a road wheel 2, and the movement of the fertilizer apparatus is facilitated by the road wheels 2; further, all be provided with on each supporting leg 3 with the corresponding clutch blocks 5 of walking wheel 2, utilize electric putter 4 to promote the clutch blocks 5 and move to with the surface contact of walking wheel 2, can realize the locking to walking wheel 2, avoid this fertilizer injection unit to take place the swift current slope when not using.
Further, in the embodiment of the present invention, a frame 11 is fixedly installed on the machine base 1, and the fertilizer treatment tank 9 is vertically and fixedly installed on the frame 11; a handrail 10 is installed at one side of the frame 11.
And the base 1 is also provided with a storage battery 8 for supplying power to the electric parts in the whole fertilizing device.
In the description of the present invention, unless otherwise expressly specified or limited, the terms "mounted," "connected," and "connected" are to be construed broadly, e.g., as meaning a fixed connection, a removable connection, or an integral connection; can be mechanically or electrically connected; they may be connected directly or indirectly through intervening media, or they may be interconnected between two elements. The specific meanings of the above terms in the present invention can be understood in specific cases to those skilled in the art.
The above description is only for the purpose of illustrating the preferred embodiments of the present invention and is not to be construed as limiting the invention, and any modifications, equivalents and improvements made within the spirit and principle of the present invention are intended to be included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. The fertilizer applying device for seedling raising in forestry is characterized by comprising a base (1) and a fertilizer processing tank (9) with a fixed frame arranged on the base (1), wherein a crushing cutter assembly (12) is rotatably arranged on one side in the fertilizer processing tank (9), and a spiral lifting assembly (13) linked with the crushing cutter assembly (12) is arranged on the other side in the fertilizer processing tank (9);
A discharging pipe (14) is communicated with the bottom of the fertilizer treatment tank (9) on the same side as the spiral lifting assembly (13), and the bottom end of the discharging pipe (14) is rotatably communicated with a rotating cylinder (17); a cam (23) is fixedly arranged on the outer ring of the lower part of the rotating cylinder (17), and a support sleeve ring (24) is slidably sleeved on the outer ring of the cam (23);
The supporting lantern ring (24) is fixedly installed on the top surface of the lower material plate (25), and a blanking channel (26) matched with a blanking through hole (27) in the bottom end of the rotating cylinder (17) is formed in the lower material plate (25).
2. The fertilizing device for seedling growth according to claim 1, characterized in that two fixing plates (21) are symmetrically and fixedly installed on the bottom lower surface of the base (1), the two fixing plates (21) are in supporting connection with the outer walls of the two sides of the supporting sleeve ring (24) through supporting springs (22), and when the supporting springs (22) are not stressed, the blanking through holes (27) do not correspond to the blanking channels (26).
3. The fertilizing apparatus for seedling growth as claimed in claim 2, characterized in that the driving motor (19) for driving the crushing blade assembly (12) or the rotary drum (17) to rotate performs the adjustment of the horizontal position by means of a horizontal adjusting assembly provided at one side of the base (1).
4. The fertilizing device for seedling growth according to claim 3, characterized in that the horizontal adjusting assembly comprises a supporting screw rod (7) rotatably arranged on the base (1) and a moving threaded sleeve (18) sleeved on the supporting screw rod (7) in a threaded connection manner, the driving motor (19) is fixedly mounted on the moving threaded sleeve (18); and a forward and reverse rotation motor (6) for driving the support screw rod (7) to rotate is further mounted on the side wall of the end part of the machine base (1).
5. The fertilizing device for seedling growth as claimed in claim 3 or 4, characterized in that a driving gear is mounted on the output shaft of the driving motor (19), and a second driven gear (20) capable of meshing with the driving gear is fixedly mounted at the bottom end of the crushing knife assembly (12); and a first driven gear (16) which can be meshed with the driving gear is fixedly arranged on the outer ring of the upper part of the rotating cylinder (17).
6. a fertilizing device for forest seedling culture as claimed in any of claims 1-4, characterized in that a filter screen (15) is also provided at the connection of the bottom of the fertilizer treatment tank (9) and the feeding pipe (14).
7. The fertilizing device for seedling growth according to any one of claims 2-4, characterized in that the four corners of the bottom of the base (1) are provided with supporting legs (3), the bottom end of each supporting leg (3) is provided with a walking wheel (2), and the movement of the fertilizing device is facilitated by the arranged walking wheels (2); each supporting leg (3) is provided with a friction block (5) corresponding to the walking wheel (2).
8. The fertilizing device for seedling growth as claimed in claim 6, characterized in that a frame (11) is fixedly mounted on the base (1), and the fertilizer processing tank (9) is vertically and fixedly mounted on the frame (11); and one side of the frame (11) is provided with a handrail (10).
9. a fertilizing device for seedling growth as claimed in claim 8, characterized in that a storage battery (8) for supplying power to the electric components in the whole fertilizing device is also arranged on the base (1).
CN201910973039.4A 2019-10-14 2019-10-14 Fertilizer injection unit is used in forestry growing seedlings Withdrawn CN110574535A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910973039.4A CN110574535A (en) 2019-10-14 2019-10-14 Fertilizer injection unit is used in forestry growing seedlings

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910973039.4A CN110574535A (en) 2019-10-14 2019-10-14 Fertilizer injection unit is used in forestry growing seedlings

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN110574535A true CN110574535A (en) 2019-12-17

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ID=68814725

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201910973039.4A Withdrawn CN110574535A (en) 2019-10-14 2019-10-14 Fertilizer injection unit is used in forestry growing seedlings

Country Status (1)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111066429A (en) * 2020-01-15 2020-04-28 河南科技学院 High-density cotton planter
CN112449823A (en) * 2020-10-21 2021-03-09 郑州云启工业设备技术有限公司 Automatic change accurate fertilizer injection unit of orchard no-tillage

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111066429A (en) * 2020-01-15 2020-04-28 河南科技学院 High-density cotton planter
CN112449823A (en) * 2020-10-21 2021-03-09 郑州云启工业设备技术有限公司 Automatic change accurate fertilizer injection unit of orchard no-tillage

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Application publication date: 20191217

WW01 Invention patent application withdrawn after publication