CN110570628A - Power transmission line pole tower geological disaster monitoring, early warning and analyzing system and using method - Google Patents

Power transmission line pole tower geological disaster monitoring, early warning and analyzing system and using method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110570628A
CN110570628A CN201910878932.9A CN201910878932A CN110570628A CN 110570628 A CN110570628 A CN 110570628A CN 201910878932 A CN201910878932 A CN 201910878932A CN 110570628 A CN110570628 A CN 110570628A
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China
Prior art keywords
deformation
early warning
module
analysis
tower
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Pending
Application number
CN201910878932.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
何林
唐俊辉
徐静
张雷
程伟
唐锡彬
皇建
胡红兵
刘永
杨建华
王得洪
董鹏
杨乾
高元
任文龙
王宏胜
王建成
赵乐
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Powerchina Guizhou Electric Power Design and Research Institute Co Ltd
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Powerchina Guizhou Electric Power Design and Research Institute Co Ltd
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Application filed by Powerchina Guizhou Electric Power Design and Research Institute Co Ltd filed Critical Powerchina Guizhou Electric Power Design and Research Institute Co Ltd
Priority to CN201910878932.9A priority Critical patent/CN110570628A/en
Publication of CN110570628A publication Critical patent/CN110570628A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08BSIGNALLING OR CALLING SYSTEMS; ORDER TELEGRAPHS; ALARM SYSTEMS
    • G08B21/00Alarms responsive to a single specified undesired or abnormal operating condition and not elsewhere provided for
    • G08B21/02Alarms for ensuring the safety of persons
    • G08B21/10Alarms for ensuring the safety of persons responsive to calamitous events, e.g. tornados or earthquakes
    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08BSIGNALLING OR CALLING SYSTEMS; ORDER TELEGRAPHS; ALARM SYSTEMS
    • G08B29/00Checking or monitoring of signalling or alarm systems; Prevention or correction of operating errors, e.g. preventing unauthorised operation
    • G08B29/02Monitoring continuously signalling or alarm systems
    • G08B29/06Monitoring of the line circuits, e.g. signalling of line faults
    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08BSIGNALLING OR CALLING SYSTEMS; ORDER TELEGRAPHS; ALARM SYSTEMS
    • G08B29/00Checking or monitoring of signalling or alarm systems; Prevention or correction of operating errors, e.g. preventing unauthorised operation
    • G08B29/18Prevention or correction of operating errors
    • G08B29/185Signal analysis techniques for reducing or preventing false alarms or for enhancing the reliability of the system
    • G08B29/188Data fusion; cooperative systems, e.g. voting among different detectors

Abstract

The invention discloses a monitoring, early warning and analyzing system for geological disasters of a power transmission line tower and a using method thereof, belonging to the technical field of power transmission line monitoring systems; the GIS analysis system comprises a GIS analysis module; the GIS analysis module is respectively in communication connection with the sensor terminal and the deformation analysis module; the sensor terminal is arranged near a field tower; the deformation analysis module is internally provided with a data conversion unit and a drawing unit and is in communication connection with the deformation forecasting module; the deformation forecasting module is internally provided with a data analysis module and a data modeling module, and is in communication connection with the monitoring and early warning module; the early warning database unit and the comparison unit are arranged in the monitoring and early warning module, so that the geological disaster monitoring data of the power transmission line tower can be effectively analyzed, the expert decision can be assisted, the utilization level of the monitoring data is provided, and the scientificity and rationality of the expert decision are provided.

Description

power transmission line pole tower geological disaster monitoring, early warning and analyzing system and using method
Technical Field
the invention relates to the technical field of power transmission line monitoring systems, in particular to a power transmission line tower geological disaster monitoring, early warning and analyzing system and a using method thereof.
Background
At present, in the process of researching the geological disasters of the power transmission line tower, monitoring data of a monitoring terminal on site are integrated, and then an expert analyzes and decides to judge whether to perform early warning or not, but obviously, the working mode needs long-term observation and analysis, consumes manpower, and how to perform pretreatment on the monitoring data in advance is a main problem facing at present.
disclosure of Invention
The technical problem to be solved by the invention is as follows: provides a power transmission line pole tower geological disaster monitoring, early warning and analyzing system to solve the problem
in order to solve the problems, the invention provides the following technical scheme:
a monitoring, early warning and analyzing system for geological disasters of a power transmission line tower comprises a GIS analyzing module; the GIS analysis module is respectively in communication connection with the sensor terminal and the deformation analysis module; the sensor terminal is arranged near a field tower; the deformation analysis module is internally provided with a data conversion unit and a drawing unit and is in communication connection with the deformation forecasting module; the deformation forecasting module is internally provided with a data analysis module and a data modeling module, and is in communication connection with the monitoring and early warning module; and an early warning database unit and a comparison unit are arranged in the monitoring and early warning module.
A use method of a power transmission line tower geological disaster monitoring, early warning and analyzing system comprises the following steps:
S1, switching on a power supply after the system modules are connected; guiding installation parameters obtained through measurement and simulation calculation when a pole tower is installed into a GIS analysis module for storage, and guiding deformation early warning values into an early warning database unit;
S2, transmitting the monitored data information to a GIS analysis module by the sensor terminal in real time, and carrying out image-level management on the data information by the GIS analysis module according to the parameters of the corresponding pole tower;
s3, the deformation analysis module calls sensor data information in the GIS analysis module; carrying out data conversion on the tower plane displacement variable quantity according to the environment of the tower arrangement position through a data conversion unit, and simultaneously drawing a deformation quantity related characteristic curve through a drawing unit;
s4, the deformation forecasting module calls the deformation data information and the characteristic curve obtained in the step S3 after data conversion, the data analysis module analyzes the used analysis model of the deformation data information and the characteristic curve, the current deformation of the tower is measured and calculated, and mathematical modeling is carried out according to the data obtained by the used analysis model;
And S5, the comparison units in the monitoring and early warning module respectively call the deformation early warning values in the early warning database unit to compare with the tower deformation obtained in the step S4, and early warning information is sent out according to different early warning levels.
preferably, the analysis model used in step S4 includes a multiple regression model, a time series analysis model, a kalman filter model, a spectrum analysis model, a gray system analysis model, an artificial neural network model, a genetic algorithm;
Preferably, the deformation amount-related characteristic curve plotted in step S3 includes a deformation-time curve, a deformation rate analysis, an iso-sedimentation curve, a displacement vector analysis, and a depth displacement curve.
Preferably, in step S3, when the data of the plane displacement variation of the tower is converted, the direction of the backward and forward line and the direction of the horizontal line need to be converted, and if there is a landslide near the tower, the plane displacement variation needs to be converted into the direction of the forward landslide body and the direction of the vertical landslide body.
the invention has the beneficial effects that:
the system designs a GIS analysis module, a deformation forecast module and a monitoring and early warning module which are in progressive relation one by one on data processing, original data are analyzed and stored step by step through the four modules, effective analysis on geological disaster monitoring data of the power transmission line tower is achieved, expert decision making is assisted, the utilization level of the monitoring data is provided, and scientificity and rationality on the data are provided for the expert decision making.
drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention in an embodiment;
Description of reference numerals: 1. the system comprises a GIS analysis module, a sensor terminal, a GIS 3, a deformation analysis module, a GIS 4, a deformation forecasting module, a GIS 5, a monitoring and early warning module, a GIS 31, a data conversion unit, a GIS 32, a GIS 5, a GIS 32.
Detailed Description
The invention will be further described with reference to the following drawings and specific embodiments:
Example (b):
Referring to fig. 1, the embodiment provides a monitoring, early warning and analyzing system for geological disasters of a power transmission line tower, which includes a GIS analysis module 1; the GIS analysis module 1 is respectively in communication connection with the sensor terminal 2 and the deformation analysis module 3; the sensor terminal 2 is arranged near a field tower; the deformation analysis module 3 is provided with a data conversion unit 31 and a drawing unit 32, and the deformation analysis module 3 is in communication connection with the deformation forecasting module 4; the deformation forecasting module 4 is provided with a data analysis module 41 and a data modeling module 42, and the deformation forecasting module 4 is in communication connection with the monitoring and early warning module 5; the monitoring and warning module 5 is provided with a warning database unit 51 and a comparison unit 52.
a use method of a power transmission line tower geological disaster monitoring, early warning and analyzing system comprises the following steps:
s1, switching on a power supply after the system modules are connected; the method comprises the steps of guiding installation parameters obtained through measurement and simulation calculation when a tower is installed into a GIS analysis module 1 for storage, and guiding deformation early warning values into an early warning database unit 51;
S2, transmitting the monitored data information to the GIS analysis module 1 by the sensor terminal 2 in real time, and carrying out image-level management on the data information by the GIS analysis module 1 according to the parameters of the corresponding pole tower;
s3, the deformation analysis module 3 calls the sensor data information in the GIS analysis module 1; the data conversion unit 31 is used for carrying out data conversion on the pole tower plane displacement variable quantity according to the environment of the pole tower arrangement position, and meanwhile, the drawing unit 32 is used for drawing a characteristic curve related to the deformation quantity;
S4, the deformation forecasting module 4 calls the deformation data information and the characteristic curve obtained in the step S3 after data conversion, the data analysis module 5 analyzes the used analysis model of the deformation data information and the characteristic curve, the current deformation of the tower is measured and calculated, and mathematical modeling is carried out according to the data obtained by the used analysis model; different forecasting models are obtained by different mathematical modeling modes, more detection parameters are obtained by the parameters of the models along with the prolonging of the time length for automatic correction, and the forecasting model with the minimum error value is selected for different towers according to the error degree between the forecasting model and the actual detection parameters, and forecasting analysis is carried out through the forecasting model
And S5, the comparison unit 52 in the monitoring and early warning module 5 respectively calls the deformation early warning value in the early warning database unit 51 to compare with the tower deformation obtained in the step S4, and sends out early warning information according to different early warning levels.
The tower deformation alarm module mainly carries out early warning on the following three conditions: 1. due to sudden meteorological disasters such as strong wind, rainstorm and lightning stroke and sudden geological disasters such as ground subsidence, landslide, collapse and debris flow, the iron tower is suddenly deformed, namely, tower monitoring data is greatly changed in a short time. 2. The tower deformation shows the vibration phenomenon and shows the characteristics of unstable deformation and fluctuation up and down. 3. The accumulated deformation of the tower reaches an early warning value, namely the tower continuously inclines or moves towards the same direction within a period of time, and when the tower inclines to a larger value or moves to a certain distance, the tower topples over possibly. Three different early warning schemes are designed according to the three conditions, each early warning scheme carries out early warning in different levels according to risk conditions and adopts corresponding measures to process, and an early warning level threshold is given by relevant experts;
in the present embodiment, the pre-stored warning values in the warning database unit 51 can refer to the following table:
cumulative amount of deformation/mm Early warning level Advising measures
2~10 attention is drawn to Data inspection, gross error analysis
10~20 Orange early warning enhanced observation combined with multifactor comprehensive analysis
20~30 Yellow early warning Informing leaders, asking experts to consult and carrying out on-site inspection
>30 Red early warning Strengthening emergency and strengthening on-site patrol
Preferably, the analysis model used in step S4 includes a multiple regression model, a time series analysis model, a kalman filter model, a spectrum analysis model, a gray system analysis model, an artificial neural network model, a genetic algorithm;
Preferably, the deformation amount-related characteristic curve drawn in step S3 includes a deformation-time curve, a deformation rate analysis, an equal sedimentation curve, a displacement vector analysis, a depth displacement curve; meanwhile, a time interval adjusting function is also provided for the deformation-time curve, and the time length of each hour, day, week or month is taken as the unit time length according to specific requirements to improve the accuracy of subsequent model processing.
preferably, in step S3, when the data of the plane displacement variation of the tower is converted, the direction of the backward and forward line and the direction of the horizontal line need to be converted, and if there is a landslide near the tower, the plane displacement variation needs to be converted into the direction of the forward landslide body and the direction of the vertical landslide body.

Claims (5)

1. The utility model provides a transmission line shaft tower geological disasters monitoring early warning analytic system which characterized in that: the GIS analysis system comprises a GIS analysis module (1); the GIS analysis module (1) is respectively in communication connection with the sensor terminal (2) and the deformation analysis module (3); the sensor terminal (2) is arranged near a field tower; the deformation analysis module (3) is internally provided with a data conversion unit (31) and a drawing unit (32), and the deformation analysis module (3) is in communication connection with the deformation forecasting module (4); a data analysis module (41) and a data modeling module (42) are arranged in the deformation forecasting module (4), and the deformation forecasting module (4) is in communication connection with the monitoring and early warning module (5); an early warning database unit (51) and a comparison unit (52) are arranged in the monitoring early warning module (5).
2. The use method of the power transmission line tower geological disaster monitoring, early warning and analyzing system according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the method comprises the following steps:
S1, switching on a power supply after the system modules are connected; when the tower is installed, installation parameters obtained through measurement and simulation calculation are led into a GIS analysis module (1) for storage, and deformation early warning values are led into an early warning database unit (51);
s2, transmitting monitored data information to the GIS analysis module (1) in real time by the sensor terminal (2), and carrying out image-level management on the data information by the GIS analysis module (1) according to parameters of corresponding towers;
S3, the deformation analysis module (3) calls the sensor data information in the GIS analysis module (1); the data conversion unit (31) is used for carrying out data conversion on the pole tower plane displacement variable quantity according to the environment of the pole tower arrangement position, and meanwhile, the drawing unit (32) is used for drawing a deformation quantity related characteristic curve;
S4, the deformation forecasting module (4) calls the deformation data information and the characteristic curve obtained in the step S3 after data conversion, the data analysis module (5) analyzes the deformation data information and the characteristic curve by using an analysis model, the current deformation of the tower is measured and calculated, and mathematical modeling is carried out according to the data obtained by using the analysis model;
S5, a comparison unit (52) in the monitoring and early warning module (5) respectively calls the deformation early warning value in the early warning database unit (51) to compare with the tower deformation obtained in the step S4, and early warning information is sent out according to different early warning levels.
3. the use method of the power transmission line tower geological disaster monitoring, early warning and analyzing system as claimed in claim 2, is characterized in that: the analysis model used in step S4 includes a multiple regression model, a time series analysis model, a kalman filter model, a spectrum analysis model, a gray system analysis model, an artificial neural network model, a genetic algorithm.
4. The use method of the power transmission line tower geological disaster monitoring, early warning and analyzing system as claimed in claim 2, is characterized in that: the deformation amount-related characteristic curve drawn in step S3 includes a deformation-time curve, a deformation rate analysis, an equal sedimentation graph, a displacement vector analysis, a depth displacement curve.
5. the use method of the power transmission line tower geological disaster monitoring, early warning and analyzing system as claimed in claim 2, is characterized in that: in step S3, when the data conversion is performed on the plane displacement variation of the tower, the directions of the backward and forward lines and the horizontal lines need to be converted, and if there is a landslide near the tower, the plane displacement variation needs to be converted into the direction of the forward landslide body and the direction of the vertical landslide body.
CN201910878932.9A 2019-09-18 2019-09-18 Power transmission line pole tower geological disaster monitoring, early warning and analyzing system and using method Pending CN110570628A (en)

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