CN110570328A - Intelligent water affair system based on Internet of things and information transmission method - Google Patents

Intelligent water affair system based on Internet of things and information transmission method Download PDF

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CN110570328A
CN110570328A CN201910877179.1A CN201910877179A CN110570328A CN 110570328 A CN110570328 A CN 110570328A CN 201910877179 A CN201910877179 A CN 201910877179A CN 110570328 A CN110570328 A CN 110570328A
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water
water supply
water pressure
monitoring
intelligent
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王建华
侯保灯
肖伟华
赵勇
占许珠
鲁帆
杨明祥
周毓彦
王燕
朱丽姗
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China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research
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China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01DMEASURING NOT SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR A SPECIFIC VARIABLE; ARRANGEMENTS FOR MEASURING TWO OR MORE VARIABLES NOT COVERED IN A SINGLE OTHER SUBCLASS; TARIFF METERING APPARATUS; MEASURING OR TESTING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
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    • G01D21/02Measuring two or more variables by means not covered by a single other subclass
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING OR COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F16/00Information retrieval; Database structures therefor; File system structures therefor
    • G06F16/20Information retrieval; Database structures therefor; File system structures therefor of structured data, e.g. relational data
    • G06F16/26Visual data mining; Browsing structured data
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING OR COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F16/00Information retrieval; Database structures therefor; File system structures therefor
    • G06F16/20Information retrieval; Database structures therefor; File system structures therefor of structured data, e.g. relational data
    • G06F16/29Geographical information databases
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING OR COUNTING
    • G06QINFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY [ICT] SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL OR SUPERVISORY PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL OR SUPERVISORY PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G06Q50/00Information and communication technology [ICT] specially adapted for implementation of business processes of specific business sectors, e.g. utilities or tourism
    • G06Q50/06Energy or water supply
    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08CTRANSMISSION SYSTEMS FOR MEASURED VALUES, CONTROL OR SIMILAR SIGNALS
    • G08C17/00Arrangements for transmitting signals characterised by the use of a wireless electrical link
    • G08C17/02Arrangements for transmitting signals characterised by the use of a wireless electrical link using a radio link
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L67/00Network arrangements or protocols for supporting network services or applications
    • H04L67/01Protocols
    • H04L67/12Protocols specially adapted for proprietary or special-purpose networking environments, e.g. medical networks, sensor networks, networks in vehicles or remote metering networks

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Abstract

The embodiment of the invention discloses an intelligent water affair system based on the Internet of things and an information transmission method, wherein the intelligent water affair system comprises a GIS (geographic information system) geographic water supply system, a main water supply line system and a secondary water supply area system which are integrated in the GIS geographic water supply system, a main flux monitoring module is arranged on the main water supply line system, a secondary flux detection module is arranged in the secondary water supply area system, and an actual flux detection module for monitoring the water pressure flow of an actual water pipeline in real time; according to the scheme, the monitoring data are classified firstly, and the classified water supply main road and the monitoring information of the water consumption area are transmitted and collected independently, so that fault data can be processed in time, and the problem of processing delay caused by unified data processing is avoided.

Description

intelligent water affair system based on Internet of things and information transmission method
Technical Field
the embodiment of the invention relates to the technical field of water affair system management, in particular to an intelligent water affair system based on the Internet of things and an information transmission method.
Background
with the continuous acceleration of the urbanization process, the construction of urban infrastructure supporting facilities is continuously developed. Particularly, in water enterprises, as the demands of people on water safety and the environmental protection demands on sewage treatment are continuously improved, the number of water treatment equipment is rapidly increased, and a large amount of professional personnel are required for inspection, maintenance and overhaul of a large amount of water treatment equipment in normal operation.
The water supply dispatching system in water service is a comprehensive water supply informatization management platform, important water supply units such as a water intake pump station, a water source well, a water plant, a booster pump station, a water supply network and the like which are administered by a tap water company can be brought into all-around monitoring and management, and by means of the water supply dispatching system, a dispatching center can remotely monitor real-time production data and equipment operation parameters of each water supply unit, remotely check monitoring videos or monitoring photos of important production parts, and remotely manage water supply equipment such as a water pump, a valve and the like.
The mode of a central monitoring system is mostly adopted in the current scheduling intelligent water service system, all monitoring data under the water service system are collected at the same time, the information quantity is large, and therefore the following defects exist:
on one hand, the monitoring data is not easy to be transmitted to the monitoring center in time, the transmission efficiency is low, and due to the fact that the monitoring data is numerous, the monitoring data is not easy to be classified, the monitoring data is easy to be disordered, and the pipeline abnormal position corresponding to the abnormal data is not easy to be judged in a centralized mode;
On the other hand, the data acquired by the monitoring center at the same time point is usually processed first, and the abnormal data is difficult to analyze and process in time and has long waiting time.
disclosure of Invention
therefore, the embodiment of the invention provides an intelligent water affair system based on the Internet of things and an information transmission method, wherein a water supply line of the water affair system is divided into a water supply main channel and a water consumption area according to a use range, monitoring data are classified firstly, and the classified monitoring information of the water supply main channel and the water consumption area is transmitted and collected independently, so that the problems that the monitoring data are difficult to transmit to a monitoring center in time, the transmission efficiency is low, abnormal data are difficult to analyze and process in time, and the waiting time is long in the prior art are solved.
In order to achieve the above object, an embodiment of the present invention provides the following:
in a first aspect of the embodiment of the invention, an intelligent water affair system based on the internet of things is provided, which comprises a GIS (geographic information system) geographic water supply system, a main water supply line system and a secondary water supply area system, wherein the main water supply line system and the secondary water supply area system are integrated in the GIS geographic water supply system;
The secondary flux detection module and the actual flux detection module are respectively connected with a front end monitoring management system through a wireless network, the front end monitoring management system monitors the water pressure flow of each water supply area in real time, and can independently judge the fault condition of the water service system of each water supply area;
the main flux monitoring module is connected with a classified monitoring data processing system through a wireless network, and the classified monitoring data processing system monitors the main water supply line with the sectional distance in real time;
The classified monitoring data processing system and the front-end monitoring management system are connected with the main monitoring management system through a wireless network, and the main monitoring management system carries out timely regulation and control management on main water supply information and water supply area information.
As a preferred scheme of the present invention, the primary flux monitoring module, the secondary flux detecting module and the actual flux detecting module are all integrated in a GIS geographic water supply system.
In a second aspect of the embodiments of the present invention, there is also provided an information transmission method for an intelligent water affair system based on the internet of things, including the following steps:
step 100, determining a water supply distribution line, creating a GIS (geographic information system) geographic water supply system according to the geographic position related to the water supply distribution line, and integrating the water supply distribution line in the GIS geographic water supply system;
Step 200, dividing a plurality of water supply areas according to water supply objects of water supply distribution lines, determining a tree diagram of main water supply lines from a water supply plant to the water supply areas, determining a parent-child hierarchical structure relationship of each layer of lines, and arranging a plurality of water pressure sensors and intelligent flow meters on each main water supply line;
Step 300, dividing branch laying lines in each water supply area and actual water using pipelines used by users, determining an independent tree diagram of each water supply area, arranging a water pressure sensor and an intelligent flowmeter on each associated node of each branch laying line, and arranging the water pressure sensor and the intelligent flowmeter at the tail ends of the actual water using pipelines respectively;
step 400, arranging an independent front-end monitoring management system in each water supply area, and transmitting data to the front-end monitoring management system through a GPRS (general packet radio service) network by the water pressure sensor and the intelligent flow meter of each water supply area respectively;
And 500, transmitting data to a main monitoring and management system through a GPRS network by the water pressure sensor and the intelligent flowmeter of the main water supply line, and transmitting the data to the main monitoring and management system through the GPRS network by the data of the front-end monitoring and management system.
As a preferred aspect of the present invention, in step 300, the data processing of the front-end monitoring and management system includes preprocessing the water pressure sensor and the intelligent flow meter of each branch-laid line, so as to facilitate quick line fault finding of the water supply area, and specifically includes the following steps:
step 301, dividing the branch water pressure and the branch water flux into four seasons according to spring, summer, autumn and winter;
step 302, respectively monitoring branch water pressure and branch water flow flux in real time by a water pressure sensor and an intelligent flowmeter of a branch laying line, and receiving data of the branch water pressure and the branch water flow flux in real time by a front-end monitoring management system;
Step 303, setting a standard change threshold of the water pressure sensor on each associated node, counting a change curve of each water pressure sensor in one day, and determining a coincidence parameter between each water pressure sensor and the standard change threshold;
And step 304, counting the rise of each intelligent flowmeter in unit time, determining the average rise of the flow in unit time according to the counting result, and comparing the difference between the counting data of the current intelligent flowmeter and the rise in unit time.
as a preferred aspect of the present invention, in step 300, the front end monitoring and management system further includes a water pressure sensor and an intelligent flow meter for the actual water pipe of each power supply area for preprocessing, and specifically includes the following steps:
the water pressure sensor and the intelligent flowmeter of the actual water pipeline respectively monitor the actual water pressure and the actual water flow flux of each user in real time, and the water pressure sensor and the intelligent flowmeter regularly send the actual water pressure value and the actual water flow flux to the front-end monitoring management system;
The front-end monitoring management system receives the actual water pressure value and the actual water flow flux at equal time intervals;
Dynamically updating actual water pressure data, and determining a change curve of the actual water pressure in one day and a threshold range of the actual water pressure in one day;
Dynamically updating the actual water flow flux data, and determining the fluctuation of the actual water flow flux in one day and the slope of the maximum fluctuation;
And comparing whether the current water pressure and the current water flow flux accord with the threshold value of the actual water pressure and the amplitude data of the actual water flow flux in real time.
as a preferable scheme of the invention, the water pressure sensor sends actual water pressure data every 2-5 minutes, and the intelligent flow meter sends actual water flow flux data every 20-30 minutes.
as a preferred aspect of the present invention, in step 300, the water pressure sensors on each branch-laid line are named according to the sequence of water supply, and the control relationship between the water pressure sensors on the branch-laid lines is determined, and the control relationship between the water pressure sensors on the branch-laid lines and the water pressure sensors on the actual water pipes is also determined.
As a preferred scheme of the present invention, in step 500, the data sent by the front-end monitoring management system to the total monitoring management system specifically includes: the total water pressure and the total flow of each power supply area, the water dividing pressure and the water dividing flow of each branch laying line in the power supply area, and fault water pressure and flow information of faults.
in step 100, a water pressure sensor and an intelligent flow meter of each layer of water supply line and each power supply area are integrated in a GIS geographical water supply system.
as a preferred solution of the present invention, in step 200, the main water supply line is divided into a plurality of information collecting sections, each information collecting section is provided with a classification monitoring data processing system, and the classification monitoring data processing system collects and processes the information of the water pressure sensor and the intelligent flow meter included in each information collecting section, and synchronously transmits the information of the water pressure sensor and the intelligent flow meter to the master monitoring and management system.
the embodiment of the invention has the following advantages:
(1) According to the invention, a water supply line of a water service system is divided into a water supply main channel and a water consumption area according to a use range, monitoring data are classified firstly, and monitoring information of the classified water supply main channel and the classified water consumption area is transmitted, collected and processed independently and monitoring results are sent to a main monitoring processing system, so that each independent monitoring processing center can classify all monitoring data in sequence, fault data can be processed in time, the position of a water supply fault can be conveniently deduced in time, and the influence of fault processing lag caused by unified data processing is avoided;
(2) The independent monitoring processing center correspondingly processes the distributed monitoring data, so that the problem that information is lost due to slow information receiving of the main monitoring processing system caused by the fact that massive monitoring information is simultaneously and intensively transmitted to the main monitoring processing system can be avoided, the operating pressure and the data storage pressure of the main monitoring processing system are reduced, and the bidirectional stability of main monitoring management and independent monitoring processing is improved.
Drawings
in order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present invention or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings used in the description of the embodiments or the prior art will be briefly described below. It should be apparent that the drawings in the following description are merely exemplary, and that other embodiments can be derived from the drawings provided by those of ordinary skill in the art without inventive effort.
Fig. 1 is a block diagram of a smart water service system according to an embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is a flowchart illustrating a data information transmission method according to an embodiment of the present invention.
in the figure:
1-a GIS geographical water supply system; 2-main water supply line system; 3-secondary water supply area system; 4-a primary flux monitoring module; 5-a secondary flux detection module; 6-actual flux detection module; 7-a wireless network; 8-front end monitoring management system; 9-classifying the monitoring data processing system; 10-a master monitoring and management system.
Detailed Description
The present invention is described in terms of particular embodiments, other advantages and features of the invention will become apparent to those skilled in the art from the following disclosure, and it is to be understood that the described embodiments are merely exemplary of the invention and that it is not intended to limit the invention to the particular embodiments disclosed. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
as shown in fig. 2, the invention provides an information transmission method of an intelligent water affair system based on the internet of things, the intelligent water affair senses the running state of a city water supply and drainage system in real time through online monitoring equipment such as a data acquisition instrument, a wireless network, a water quality and water pressure meter and the like, and organically integrates a water affair management department and water supply and drainage facilities in a visual mode to form the 'city water affair internet of things', so that massive water affair information can be analyzed and processed in time, corresponding processing results are made to assist decision suggestions, and the whole production, management and service process of the water affair system is managed in a more detailed and dynamic mode, thereby achieving the 'intelligent' state.
Based on the realization function of the intelligent water affair, the invention divides the water affair system into two parts of a water supply delivery pipeline and a power supply area actual use pipeline, the monitoring information of the water supply delivery pipeline can be directly sent to a main monitoring processing system, the main monitoring processing system directly carries out scheduling management, the monitoring information of the power supply area actual use pipeline is firstly sent to a monitoring system with an independent power supply area, the independent monitoring system carries out primary monitoring and then sends the monitoring information to the main monitoring processing system for centralized management, the monitoring system with an independent power supply area carries out prerequisite management, mass water affair information can be analyzed and processed in time, the timeliness of monitoring management is improved, each monitoring system with an independent power supply area carries out screening processing on the mass information, then sends the processed effective information to the main monitoring processing system for summary scheduling, thereby reducing the operation pressure and data storage pressure of the main monitoring processing system, and the stability of monitoring management is improved.
the method specifically comprises the following steps:
Step 100, determining a water supply distribution line, creating a GIS (geographic information system) geographic water supply system according to the geographic position related to the water supply distribution line, and integrating the water supply distribution line in the GIS geographic water supply system;
The water pressure sensor and the intelligent flow meter which are arranged on the water supply distribution line are also integrated in the GIS geographical water supply system, the water pressure sensor and the intelligent flow meter on the water supply distribution line are named in sequence, when the monitoring data of the water pressure sensor or the intelligent flow meter on the water supply distribution line is in problem, the fault position is intuitively presumed in the GIS geographical water supply system according to the specific monitoring data, and the fault position is conveniently and timely maintained.
Step 200, dividing a plurality of water supply areas according to water supply objects of water supply distribution lines, determining a tree diagram of main water supply lines from a water supply plant to the water supply areas, determining a parent-child hierarchical structure relationship of each layer of lines, and arranging a plurality of water pressure sensors and intelligent flow meters on each main water supply line.
the water pressure sensor is used for monitoring the internal water pressure of each layer of line pipeline in the main water supply line in real time, generally speaking, the water pressure of each layer of line is slightly different, but the water pressure of each layer of line is in a relatively stable periodic change, therefore, when the stable water supply condition of the water supply line is judged, each water pressure sensor needs to be monitored in real time, when the value of the water pressure sensor is reduced, the position of the pipeline where the water pressure sensor is located is presumed to be possible to generate the water leakage condition, and the water leakage position is presumed to be located between the water pressure sensor with the first water pressure value reduced along the water supply line and the previous normal water pressure sensor.
The intelligent flowmeter is used for counting the water supply flux in a pipeline in real time, the water supply flux in a water supply line has a functional relation, generally speaking, the data of the intelligent flowmeter in a first layer of lines of a main water supply line tree graph is equal to the data sum of the intelligent flowmeter in a second layer of lines of the main water supply line tree graph, or the data of the intelligent flowmeter is equal to the data sum of the intelligent flowmeter in a third layer of lines of the main water supply line tree graph, and the like, namely, the water flux in the first layer of lines is the same as the total water flux of any layer under the condition that the water supply line has no fault.
when the value of one of the intelligent flowmeters is increased sharply, it is estimated that there is a possibility that the pipe position where the water pressure sensor is located will break, and the pipe break position is estimated to be located between the intelligent flowmeter in which the water flux value along the water supply line is increased sharply and the intelligent flowmeter in which the water flux value is decreased sharply.
Therefore, in order to conveniently judge the specific occurrence position of the fault, each water pressure sensor and each intelligent flowmeter in the water supply line need to be numbered in sequence.
In addition, in step 200, the present invention divides the main water supply line into a plurality of information collecting sections, each information collecting section is provided with a classification monitoring data processing system, and the classification monitoring data processing system collects and processes the information of the water pressure sensor and the intelligent flow meter contained in each information collecting section, and synchronously transmits the information of the water pressure sensor and the intelligent flow meter to the main monitoring and management system.
As is known, the length of the main water supply line is relatively large, so in order to improve the accuracy of water pressure and water flux and reduce the troubleshooting range of pipeline faults, the number of the water pressure sensors and the intelligent flow meters installed on the main water supply line is relatively large, and massive information can be generated because the water pressure sensors and the intelligent flow meters monitor the water pressure and flux information of the pipeline in real time, and the massive information is directly sent to a main monitoring center, so that the operating pressure of the main monitoring center is large, the data receiving delay is possibly caused, the condition of monitoring data loss is caused, and the instantaneity and the effectiveness of information transmission are influenced.
therefore, the main water supply line is divided into a plurality of information collection sections, each information collection section collects the information of the water pressure sensor and the intelligent flowmeter through an independent classified monitoring data processing system, the information of the water pressure sensor and the information of the intelligent flowmeter are further statistically analyzed, once the fault information is found, the position of the fault can be rapidly analyzed, the statistical information before and after the fault occurs is sent to the main monitoring management system, and the data receiving and statistical pressure of the main monitoring management system can be reduced.
and 300, dividing branch laying lines inside each water supply area and actual water using pipes used by users, determining an independent tree diagram of each water supply area, arranging a water pressure sensor and an intelligent flowmeter on each associated node of the branch laying lines, and arranging the water pressure sensor and the intelligent flowmeter at the tail ends of the actual water using pipes respectively.
The water supply areas related to the invention are mostly office buildings, factories or residential buildings, and the water supply areas are characterized in that water consumption objects are more and are used by being divided into different floors, so that the form of a water supply line is complex, the quantity of water pressure sensors and intelligent flow meters for detecting the water supply stability is large, and the water pressure sensors and the intelligent flow meters are inconvenient to directly transmit information with a master monitoring system, so that each water supply area is set for independent water supply monitoring and management, and fault information is timely fed back to the master monitoring system.
as one of the main characteristic points of the invention, the invention divides the water supply line into a plurality of independent and mutually associated organic lines, reduces the difficulty of detecting the water pressure flux of the complex line, reduces the correlation calculation difficulty of the detection data, and reduces the monitoring difficulty and the quantity of the monitoring data of each monitoring system, thereby improving the stability of each monitoring system and preventing the monitoring information loss in the information transmission process caused by overlarge monitoring information quantity.
And 400, arranging an independent front-end monitoring management system in each water supply area, and transmitting data to the front-end monitoring management system by the water pressure sensor and the intelligent flow meter of each water supply area through a GPRS (general packet radio service) network.
in summary, in step 300, the data processing of the front-end monitoring and management system includes preprocessing the water pressure sensor and the intelligent flow meter of each branch laying line, so as to facilitate quick finding of line faults in the water supply area, and specifically includes the following steps:
the water pressure and the water flux are divided into four seasons according to spring, summer, autumn and winter, for residents in a power supply area, the water consumption in summer is far larger than that in winter, so that an effective threshold value of the water pressure is determined conveniently, and the monitoring accuracy of the water pressure and the water flux is improved.
step 302, the water pressure sensor and the intelligent flowmeter of the branch laying line respectively monitor the branch water pressure and the branch water flow flux in real time, and the front end monitoring management system receives data of the branch water pressure and the branch water flow flux in real time.
step 303, counting a change curve of each water pressure sensor under the standard water supply within a day, setting a standard change threshold of each water pressure sensor on each associated node according to a statistical result, and determining a coincidence parameter between the current water pressure sensor and the standard change threshold.
Although the monitoring values of all the water pressure sensors installed on the branch laying lines are different along with the extension of the branch laying lines in the power supply area, the monitoring value of each water pressure sensor respectively presents a stable variation trend, and the water pressure at night is slightly lower than that in the day generally, so that each water pressure sensor presents a periodic line graph.
after the change curve and the standard threshold of each water pressure sensor are determined, the current water pressure information is compared with the standard threshold in real time, whether the current water pressure is within the standard threshold and whether the change time point of the current water pressure is consistent with the change curve are determined, and therefore whether the water supply of the branch laying line is stable or not and whether a fault condition occurs or not are judged.
And step 304, counting the rise of each intelligent flowmeter in unit time, determining the average rise of the flow in unit time according to the counting result, and comparing the difference between the counting data of the current intelligent flowmeter and the rise in unit time.
When the user end uses water, the index of the intelligent flowmeter is increased, and when the user end does not use water, the index of the intelligent flowmeter keeps the current value unchanged, so that when the amplitude of one intelligent flowmeter in unit time is increased and the indexes of other intelligent flowmeters related to the intelligent flowmeter are decreased, the pipeline where the intelligent flowmeter is located is judged to be broken, and the position of the pipeline splitting is deduced according to the amplitude data in unit time.
And 305, sending the daily standard statistical data of each power supply area to a total monitoring management system in an integrated mode, and sending the fault statistical data to the total monitoring management system in time.
According to the invention, mass monitoring data of the power supply area are not directly sent to the main monitoring management system, and on the premise of authorization of the front-end monitoring management system, the front-end monitoring management system is firstly utilized to carry out primary processing on the monitoring data, and then the processing result is directly sent to the main monitoring management system, so that the main monitoring management system can conveniently arrange the monitoring result, the operating pressure of the main monitoring management system is reduced, and data loss is prevented.
In step 300, the water pressure sensors in each branch-laid line are named according to the sequence of water supply, and the control relationship between the water pressure sensors in the branch-laid line and the control relationship between the water pressure sensors in the actual water pipes are determined
Therefore, as the second main characteristic point of the present invention, the present invention not only divides the water supply line into different monitoring systems, but also processes the data of the corresponding water supply monitoring object by using the monitoring system, and sends the data processing result to the main monitoring management system, thereby reducing the information receiving amount of the main monitoring management system, and reducing the processing difficulty of the information data, thereby avoiding the information loss.
in step 300, the front-end monitoring and managing system further includes preprocessing a water pressure sensor and an intelligent flow meter of an actual water pipeline for each power supply area, and specifically includes the following steps:
and a water pressure sensor and an intelligent flowmeter of the actual water pipeline respectively monitor the actual water pressure and the actual water flow flux of each user in real time.
The actual water pipeline of this embodiment means the pipeline that corresponds distribution to every water object, for example, to resident's building water supply district, the branch is laid the pipeline and is specifically for the pipeline of laying from the cistern to every building, actual water pipeline is specifically for the water pipeline of distributing to every family, therefore the trouble influence range of branch laying the pipeline is great, and the trouble influence range of actual water pipeline is less, and the pressure sensor and the intelligent flowmeter of actual water pipeline end-to-end installation are numerous, therefore this embodiment can reduce the control dynamics, do not need to receive the monitoring data of water pressure sensor and intelligent flowmeter in real time.
And the water pressure sensor and the intelligent flowmeter send an actual water pressure value and an actual water flow flux to the front-end monitoring management system at equal time intervals.
Based on the above, the embodiment does not need real-time monitoring on the actual water pipeline, and reduces the monitoring burden of the front-end monitoring management system, so the invention adopts a sampling type monitoring mode, the data sending time interval of the water pressure sensor is 2-5 minutes to display the actual water pressure data, and the data sending time interval of the intelligent flowmeter is 20-30 minutes to display the actual water flow flux data.
And dynamically updating the actual water pressure data, and determining the change curve of the actual water pressure in a day and the threshold range of the actual water pressure in the day.
And dynamically updating the actual water flow flux data, and determining the fluctuation of the actual water flow flux in one day and the slope of the maximum fluctuation.
And comparing whether the current water pressure and the current water flow flux accord with the threshold value of the actual water pressure and the amplitude data of the actual water flow flux in real time.
Therefore, as the third main characteristic point of the invention, the invention reasonably monitors the actual water pipeline, reasonably reduces the monitoring data, can also prevent the actual water pipeline from breaking down, timely determines the fault position, timely maintains the fault, improves the stability of monitoring information transmission and reduces the working pressure of the front-end monitoring processing system.
And 500, transmitting data to a main monitoring and management system through a GPRS network by the water pressure sensor and the intelligent flowmeter of the main water supply line, and transmitting the data to the main monitoring and management system through the GPRS network by the data of the front-end monitoring and management system.
In step 500, the data sent by the front-end monitoring management system to the total monitoring management system specifically includes: the total water pressure and the total flow of each power supply area per day, the divided water pressure and the divided flow of each branch laying line in the power supply area, and the total fault water pressure flow and the divided water pressure flow of the fault.
The information sent by the power supply area to the main monitoring and management system includes the total water pressure and the total flow rate connected to the main line, and the divided water pressure and the divided flow rate laid in the power supply area, and as for the actual water pipeline, the information is excessive, and therefore, the information does not need to be sent to the main monitoring and management system, and the information of the actual water pipeline is managed by the front end monitoring and management system.
Therefore, as the fourth main characteristic point of the invention, the master monitoring and management system plays a role of macro regulation and control in the invention, and the front-end monitoring and management system plays a role of micro regulation and control, thereby reducing the complexity of information interactive transmission and facilitating real-time monitoring and management.
As shown in fig. 1, in order to supplement and explain the information transmission processing method of the intelligent water service system, the invention further provides an intelligent water service system based on the internet of things, which comprises a GIS geographical water supply system 1, a main water supply line system 2 and a secondary water supply area system 3 integrated in the GIS geographical water supply system 1, wherein a main flux monitoring module 4 for monitoring the water pressure flow of a main conveying pipeline in real time is arranged on the main water supply line system 1, a secondary flux detecting module 5 for monitoring the water pressure flow of a secondary conveying pipeline in real time is arranged in the secondary water supply area system 3, and an actual flux detecting module 6 for monitoring the water pressure flow of an actual water pipeline in real time is arranged in the secondary water supply area system;
The secondary flux detection module 5 and the actual flux detection module 6 are respectively connected with a front end monitoring management system 8 through a wireless network 7, the front end monitoring management system 8 monitors the water pressure flow of each water supply area in real time, and can independently judge the fault condition of the water service system of each water supply area;
the main flux monitoring module 4 is connected with a classified monitoring data processing system 9 through a wireless network 7, and the classified monitoring data processing system 9 monitors the main water supply line with the sectional distance in real time;
The classified monitoring data processing system 9 and the front end monitoring management system 8 are both connected with a main monitoring management system 10 through a wireless network 7, and the main monitoring management system 10 carries out timely regulation and control management on main water supply information and water supply area information.
The main flux monitoring module 4, the secondary flux detection module 5 and the actual flux detection module 6 are all integrated in the GIS geographical water supply system 1.
although the invention has been described in detail above with reference to a general description and specific examples, it will be apparent to one skilled in the art that modifications or improvements may be made thereto based on the invention. Accordingly, such modifications and improvements are intended to be within the scope of the invention as claimed.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides an wisdom water affairs system based on thing networking which characterized in that: the system comprises a GIS (geographic information system) geographic water supply system (1), a main water supply line system (2) and a secondary water supply area system (3) which are integrated in the GIS geographic water supply system (1), wherein a main flux monitoring module (4) for monitoring the water pressure flow of a main conveying pipeline in real time is arranged on the main water supply line system (1), a secondary flux detecting module (5) for monitoring the water pressure flow of a secondary conveying pipeline in real time is arranged in the secondary water supply area system (3), and an actual flux detecting module (6) for monitoring the water pressure flow of an actual water pipeline in real time;
The secondary flux detection module (5) and the actual flux detection module (6) are respectively connected with a front end monitoring management system (8) through a wireless network (7), the front end monitoring management system (8) monitors the water pressure flow of each water supply area in real time, and can independently judge the fault condition of the water service system of each water supply area;
The main flux monitoring module (4) is connected with a classification monitoring data processing system (9) through a wireless network (7), and the classification monitoring data processing system (9) carries out real-time monitoring on a main water supply line with a sectional distance;
The classified monitoring data processing system (9) and the front end monitoring management system (8) are connected with the master monitoring management system (10) through the wireless network (7), and the master monitoring management system (10) conducts timely regulation and control management on the main water supply information and the water supply area information.
2. The intelligent Internet of things-based water service system according to claim 1, wherein the primary flux monitoring module (4), the secondary flux detection module (5) and the actual flux detection module (6) are integrated in the GIS geographical water supply system (1).
3. An information transmission method of an intelligent water affair system based on the Internet of things is characterized by comprising the following steps:
step 100, determining a water supply distribution line, creating a GIS (geographic information system) geographic water supply system according to the geographic position related to the water supply distribution line, and integrating the water supply distribution line in the GIS geographic water supply system;
Step 200, dividing a plurality of water supply areas according to water supply objects of water supply distribution lines, determining a tree diagram of main water supply lines from a water supply plant to the water supply areas, determining a parent-child hierarchical structure relationship of each layer of lines, and arranging a plurality of water pressure sensors and intelligent flow meters on each main water supply line;
Step 300, dividing branch laying lines in each water supply area and actual water using pipelines used by users, determining an independent tree diagram of each water supply area, arranging a water pressure sensor and an intelligent flowmeter on each associated node of each branch laying line, and arranging the water pressure sensor and the intelligent flowmeter at the tail ends of the actual water using pipelines respectively;
step 400, arranging an independent front-end monitoring management system in each water supply area, and transmitting data to the front-end monitoring management system through a GPRS (general packet radio service) network by the water pressure sensor and the intelligent flow meter of each water supply area respectively;
and 500, transmitting data to a main monitoring and management system through a GPRS network by the water pressure sensor and the intelligent flowmeter of the main water supply line, and transmitting the data to the main monitoring and management system through the GPRS network by the data of the front-end monitoring and management system.
4. The information transmission method of the intelligent water service system based on the internet of things as claimed in claim 3, wherein in step 300, the data processing of the front-end monitoring management system includes preprocessing of the water pressure sensor and the intelligent flow meter of each branch laying line, so as to facilitate quick line fault finding of the water supply area, and specifically includes the following steps:
Step 301, dividing the branch water pressure and the branch water flux into four seasons according to spring, summer, autumn and winter;
Step 302, respectively monitoring branch water pressure and branch water flow flux in real time by a water pressure sensor and an intelligent flowmeter of a branch laying line, and receiving data of the branch water pressure and the branch water flow flux in real time by a front-end monitoring management system;
Step 303, setting a standard change threshold of the water pressure sensor on each associated node, counting a change curve of each water pressure sensor in one day, and determining a coincidence parameter between each water pressure sensor and the standard change threshold;
And step 304, counting the rise of each intelligent flowmeter in unit time, determining the average rise of the flow in unit time according to the counting result, and comparing the difference between the counting data of the current intelligent flowmeter and the rise in unit time.
5. The information transmission method of the intelligent water service system based on the internet of things as claimed in claim 4, wherein in step 300, the front end monitoring management system further comprises a water pressure sensor and an intelligent flow meter for the actual water pipeline of each power supply area for preprocessing, and the method specifically comprises the following steps:
The water pressure sensor and the intelligent flowmeter of the actual water pipeline respectively monitor the actual water pressure and the actual water flow flux of each user in real time, and the water pressure sensor and the intelligent flowmeter regularly send the actual water pressure value and the actual water flow flux to the front-end monitoring management system;
The front-end monitoring management system receives the actual water pressure value and the actual water flow flux at equal time intervals;
dynamically updating actual water pressure data, and determining a change curve of the actual water pressure in one day and a threshold range of the actual water pressure in one day;
dynamically updating the actual water flow flux data, and determining the fluctuation of the actual water flow flux in one day and the slope of the maximum fluctuation;
And comparing whether the current water pressure and the current water flow flux accord with the threshold value of the actual water pressure and the amplitude data of the actual water flow flux in real time.
6. The information transmission method of the intelligent water affair system based on the Internet of things as claimed in claim 5, wherein: the water pressure sensor sends actual water pressure data every 2-5 minutes, and the intelligent flowmeter sends actual water flow flux data every 20-30 minutes.
7. the information transmission method of the intelligent water affair system based on the Internet of things as claimed in claim 3, wherein: in step 300, the water pressure sensors on each branch-laid line are named according to the sequence of water supply, and the control relationship between the water pressure sensors on the branch-laid lines is determined, and the control relationship between the water pressure sensors on the branch-laid lines and the water pressure sensors on the actual water pipelines is also determined.
8. The method as claimed in claim 3, wherein in step 500, the data sent by the front-end monitoring management system to the general monitoring management system is specifically: the total water pressure and the total flow of each power supply area, the water dividing pressure and the water dividing flow of each branch laying line in the power supply area, and fault water pressure and flow information of faults.
9. the information transmission method of the intelligent water affair system based on the Internet of things as claimed in claim 3, wherein: in step 100, the water pressure sensor and the intelligent flow meter of each layer of water supply line and each power supply area are integrated in a GIS geographical water supply system.
10. the information transmission method of the intelligent water affair system based on the Internet of things as claimed in claim 3, wherein: in step 200, the main water supply line is divided into a plurality of information collection sections, each information collection section is provided with a classified monitoring data processing system, and the classified monitoring data processing system collects and processes the water pressure sensor and the intelligent flow meter information contained in each information collection section and synchronously transmits the water pressure sensor and the intelligent flow meter information to the master monitoring and management system.
CN201910877179.1A 2019-09-17 2019-09-17 Intelligent water affair system based on Internet of things and information transmission method Pending CN110570328A (en)

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CN117010856A (en) * 2023-05-26 2023-11-07 中建安装集团有限公司 Intelligent sewage diversion data management system and method based on data analysis
CN117010856B (en) * 2023-05-26 2024-01-30 中建安装集团有限公司 Intelligent sewage diversion data management system and method based on data analysis

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