CN110565579A - Slope protection structure capable of dissipating energy and recycling energy by utilizing elastic unloading energy and turbulent flow energy dissipation - Google Patents

Slope protection structure capable of dissipating energy and recycling energy by utilizing elastic unloading energy and turbulent flow energy dissipation Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN110565579A
CN110565579A CN201910764812.6A CN201910764812A CN110565579A CN 110565579 A CN110565579 A CN 110565579A CN 201910764812 A CN201910764812 A CN 201910764812A CN 110565579 A CN110565579 A CN 110565579A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
energy
box
gear
generator
shaped baffle
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201910764812.6A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN110565579B (en
Inventor
周建芬
张雄杰
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Zhejiang University of Water Resources and Electric Power
Original Assignee
Zhejiang University of Water Resources and Electric Power
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Zhejiang University of Water Resources and Electric Power filed Critical Zhejiang University of Water Resources and Electric Power
Priority to CN201910764812.6A priority Critical patent/CN110565579B/en
Priority claimed from CN201910764812.6A external-priority patent/CN110565579B/en
Publication of CN110565579A publication Critical patent/CN110565579A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN110565579B publication Critical patent/CN110565579B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
    • E02B3/00Engineering works in connection with control or use of streams, rivers, coasts, or other marine sites; Sealings or joints for engineering works in general
    • E02B3/04Structures or apparatus for, or methods of, protecting banks, coasts, or harbours
    • E02B3/06Moles; Piers; Quay walls; Groynes; Breakwaters Wave dissipating walls; Quay equipment
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
    • E02B9/00Water-power plants; Layout, construction or equipment, methods of, or apparatus for, making same
    • E02B9/08Tide or wave power plants
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/20Hydro energy

Abstract

The invention discloses a slope protection structure capable of dissipating energy and recovering energy by utilizing elastic energy dissipation and turbulent flow, which comprises a plurality of energy counteracting and collecting structures arranged on a slope surface, wherein two connecting terminals of a generator are respectively connected with two rectifier circuit modules arranged in parallel through leads, and two connecting terminals of the generator are respectively connected with two diodes which are arranged in opposite directions; the rectifier circuit modules are electrically connected to the input end of the charging circuit module, and the output end of the charging circuit module is connected with the storage battery. The invention can offset and recover the energy impacting the slope surface, particularly collects the energy through a single energy offsetting and collecting structure, and then can supply power for electric appliances through the combination of single storage batteries, particularly for lighting facilities such as lighthouses and the like at the bank of a river, thereby realizing the high-efficiency utilization of energy.

Description

Slope protection structure capable of dissipating energy and recycling energy by utilizing elastic unloading energy and turbulent flow energy dissipation
Technical Field
The invention relates to a side slope protection device, in particular to a slope protection structure which utilizes elastic energy discharge and turbulent flow energy dissipation and can recover energy.
background
With the development of society and economy, China also builds a large number of infrastructure projects such as water conservancy and hydropower, traffic, municipal administration and the like. During the engineering construction process, the geological disasters such as landslide and collapse caused by slope deformation and the like are often encountered. The landslide and collapse of the side slope are caused by geological reasons on one hand, and damage is caused by continuous impact of water flow on the other hand, aiming at the problems, the manual anchoring and the concrete protection layer increasing mode are generally adopted in the industry for protection, but the impact of waves in the water flow on the side slope is continuous, only covering protection is carried out, and energy impact caused by the water flow cannot be avoided, so that the side slope still needs to be repaired every year, and the thinking of protecting the side slope from the direction of reducing the energy impact is a new idea.
Meanwhile, the impact energy of the wave to the side slope is also a huge energy source, and if the impact energy can be reasonably utilized, the energy consumption of illumination or other electric equipment on the side slope can be greatly saved.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a slope protection structure which utilizes elastic energy discharge and turbulent energy dissipation and can recover energy, so as to solve the problems in the background technology.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme:
A slope protection structure capable of dissipating energy and recycling energy by utilizing elastic energy discharge and turbulent flow comprises a plurality of energy counteracting and collecting structures arranged on a slope surface, wherein the energy counteracting and collecting structures are used for driving a generator, two connecting terminals of the generator are respectively connected with two rectifier circuit modules arranged in parallel through leads, two diodes arranged in opposite directions are respectively connected onto the two connecting terminals of the generator, and currents with different frequencies generated by driving the generator to rotate in the positive direction and the negative direction in the processes of pressing down and resetting a J-shaped baffle plate can be respectively processed and collected by utilizing the unidirectional conduction function of the diodes; the rectifier circuit modules are electrically connected to the input end of the charging circuit module, and the output end of the charging circuit module is connected with the storage battery.
As a further scheme of the invention: the energy counteracting and collecting structure comprises a plurality of generators corresponding to the energy counteracting and collecting structure; and a plurality of storage batteries of the invention can realize the supply of corresponding voltage by a method of combined action of series connection and parallel connection, thereby being capable of supplying power to the lighthouse.
As a further scheme of the invention: the energy offsetting and collecting structure comprises a hinged shaft, a J-shaped baffle, a spring, a box, a rack, a pressing wheel, a composite gear and a driven belt pulley, wherein the J-shaped baffle is a plate with one end bent upwards, and the bent end of the J-shaped baffle and the other end of the bent end of the J-shaped baffle respectively face the top and the bottom of the slope; the other end of the J-shaped baffle is hinged to the upper end face of the box through a hinged shaft, the box is used in a pre-buried slope, and a spring is connected between the lower side face of the J-shaped baffle and the box.
As a further scheme of the invention: the lower side surface of the J-shaped baffle is hinged with one end of the rack through a pin shaft, the other end of the rack penetrates through the upper end face of the box to be provided with a through hole, the rack is meshed with a composite gear arranged in the box, the composite gear is rotatably connected in the box through a rotating shaft, the composite gear is composed of a gear and a belt pulley which is integrally formed on one side of the gear, and the belt pulley of the composite gear is connected with a driven belt pulley connected with the input end of a generator through belt transmission.
As a further scheme of the invention: the rack is arc-shaped.
As a further scheme of the invention: one side of the rack, which is far away from the teeth, is provided with a pressing wheel which is in contact with the rack, and the pressing wheel is also rotationally connected in the box through a rotating shaft.
As a further scheme of the invention: the hinged shaft at one end of the J-shaped baffle is fixedly connected with a driving gear, the hinged shaft is fixedly connected at one end of the J-shaped baffle, and two ends of the hinged shaft are rotatably connected on a rotating seat fixed on the box, so that the driving gear can rotate along with the hinged shaft; the upper end face of the box corresponding to the driving gear is provided with a groove, the driving gear is meshed with the box and is connected with a driven composite gear in a rotating mode, the driven composite gear is composed of a gear and a driving belt pulley which is integrally formed on the side face of the gear, and the driving belt pulley is connected with a driven belt pulley which is connected with the input end of a generator in a driving mode through belt transmission.
As a further scheme of the invention: the generator is fixedly connected in a sealing box body fixedly connected with the inner wall of the box, a through hole for the output shaft of the generator to extend out is formed in one side of the sealing box body, a sealing structure is arranged between the inner wall of the through hole and the output shaft of the generator, and meanwhile, a wire inlet and outlet hole and a connecting line pipeline sealed by the wire inlet and outlet hole are formed in one side of the sealing box body, which is in contact with the box.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
The invention can offset and recover the energy impacting the slope surface, particularly collects the energy through a single energy offsetting and collecting structure, and then can supply power for electric appliances through the combination of single storage batteries, particularly for lighting facilities such as lighthouses and the like at the bank of a river, thereby realizing the high-efficiency utilization of energy.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural view of a slope protection structure capable of dissipating energy and recovering energy by using elastic energy dissipation and turbulent flow.
Fig. 2 is another schematic structural diagram of a slope protection structure capable of dissipating energy and recovering energy by using elastic energy dissipation and turbulent flow.
Fig. 3 is a schematic diagram of a power generation system in a slope protection structure capable of dissipating energy and recovering energy by using elastic energy dissipation and turbulent energy dissipation.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Example 1
Referring to fig. 1 and 3, in an embodiment of the present invention, a slope protection structure dissipating energy and recovering energy by using elastic energy discharge and turbulence includes a plurality of energy offsetting and collecting structures installed on a slope, each energy offsetting and collecting structure includes a hinge shaft 1, a J-shaped baffle 2, a spring 3, a box 4, a rack 5, a pinch roller 6, a compound gear 7 and a driven pulley 8, the J-shaped baffle 2 is a plate with one end bent upward (away from the slope), one end of the J-shaped baffle 2 and the other end of the J-shaped baffle respectively face the top and the bottom of the slope 2, the bent end of the J-shaped baffle 2 contacts impact force of water flow, and then energy consumption is performed by using a corresponding elastic component;
the other end of the J-shaped baffle 2 is hinged to the upper end face of the box 4 through a hinge shaft 1, the box 4 is used for being embedded into a slope, a spring 3 is connected between the lower side face of the J-shaped baffle 2 and the box 4, and energy storage of wave impact energy and release offset of the impact energy are achieved through the spring 3; when the wave impacts, the elastic component converts part of kinetic energy of the wave into elastic potential energy to be stored so as to play an energy dissipation effect; in addition, the bending structure of the J-shaped baffle 2 can guide part of water flow reversely when the wave is impacted to form local water body disturbance, so that the water flow reversely flows to realize the internal consumption energy dissipation of the wave; finally, after the pressure of the wave is gradually reduced, the elastic part of the structure releases elastic potential energy to push the baffle outwards, and the baffle rebounds to disturb the wave again to play an energy dissipation role.
The lower side surface of the J-shaped baffle 2 is hinged with one end of a rack 5 through a pin shaft, the other end of the rack 5 penetrates through the upper end surface of the box 4 to be provided with a through hole, the rack 5 is meshed with a composite gear 7 arranged in the box 4, the composite gear 7 is rotatably connected in the box 4 through a rotating shaft, the composite gear 7 is composed of a gear and a belt pulley integrally formed on one side of the gear, the belt pulley of the composite gear 7 is connected with a driven belt pulley 8 connected with the input end of a generator 12 through belt transmission, namely the J-shaped baffle 2 is compressed by the energy of the wave to enable the rack linkage gear to finally drive the generator; a pressing wheel 6 in contact with the rack 5 is arranged on one side of the rack 5 away from the teeth, and the pressing wheel 6 is also rotationally connected in the box 4 through a rotating shaft; generator 12 fixed connection is internal at box 4 inner wall fixed connection's seal box, and this seal box body one side sets up the through-hole that supplies generator output shaft to stretch out, sets up seal structure (mechanical seal) between through-hole inner wall and the generator output shaft, and seal box body sets up into wire hole and this business turn over wire hole seal connection line pipeline with one side that box 4 contacted simultaneously to carry away electric power safety.
The two connecting terminals of the generator 12 are respectively connected with two rectifier circuit modules 14 which are arranged in parallel through conducting wires, the two connecting terminals of the generator 12 are respectively connected with two diodes 13 which are arranged in opposite directions, and currents with different frequencies generated by driving the generator 12 to rotate forward and backward in the pressing and resetting processes of the J-shaped baffle 2 can be respectively processed and collected by utilizing the unidirectional conduction function of the diodes; the rectifier circuit modules 14 are electrically connected to the input end of the charging circuit module 15, the output end of the charging circuit module 15 is connected with the storage battery 16, so that electric power storage is achieved, and the storage battery is used for supplying power to electrical appliances, such as lighting equipment in a lighthouse.
A plurality of generators 12 corresponding to the energy cancellation and collection structure; and a plurality of storage batteries 16 can realize the supply of corresponding voltage by a method of combined action of series connection and parallel connection, thereby being capable of supplying power to the lighthouse.
Example 2
Referring to fig. 2, the energy offsetting and collecting structure includes a driving gear 9, a driven composite gear 10 and a driven pulley 8, the driving gear 9 is fixedly connected to a hinge shaft 1 at one end of a J-shaped baffle 2, the hinge shaft 1 is fixedly connected to one end of the J-shaped baffle 2, and two ends of the hinge shaft are rotatably connected to a rotating seat fixed on the box, so that the driving gear 9 rotates along with the hinge shaft; the upper end face of the box 4 corresponding to the driving gear 9 is provided with a groove, the driving gear 9 is meshed with the box 4 and is rotatably connected with a driven composite gear 10, the driven composite gear 10 is composed of a gear and a driving belt pulley integrally formed on the side face of the gear, and the driving belt pulley is connected with a driven belt pulley 8 connected with the input end of a generator 12 through belt transmission.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that unless otherwise explicitly stated or limited, the terms "mounted," "connected," and "connected" are to be construed broadly, e.g., as meaning either a fixed connection, a removable connection, or an integral connection, a mechanical connection, or an electrical connection; they may be connected directly or indirectly through intervening media, or they may be interconnected between two elements. The specific meaning of the above terms in the present invention can be understood by those of ordinary skill in the art through specific situations.
Although the present invention has been described in detail with reference to the foregoing embodiments, it will be apparent to those skilled in the art that various changes in the embodiments and/or modifications of the invention can be made, and equivalents and modifications of some features of the invention can be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention.

Claims (8)

1. A slope protection structure capable of dissipating energy and recovering energy by utilizing elastic energy discharge and turbulent flow comprises a plurality of energy counteracting and collecting structures arranged on a slope surface, and is characterized in that the energy counteracting and collecting structures are used for driving a generator (12), two connecting terminals of the generator (12) are respectively connected with two rectifying circuit modules (14) arranged in parallel through leads, two diodes (13) arranged in opposite directions are respectively connected onto the two connecting terminals of the generator (12), and currents with different frequencies generated by driving the generator (12) to rotate forward and backward in the process of pressing down and resetting a J-shaped baffle (2) can be respectively processed and collected by utilizing the unidirectional conduction function of the diodes; the rectifier circuit module (14) is electrically connected to the input end of the charging circuit module (15), and the output end of the charging circuit module (15) is connected with the storage battery (16).
2. The slope protection structure using elastic energy discharge and turbulent energy dissipation and energy recovery as claimed in claim 1, wherein the energy counteracting and collecting structure corresponds to a plurality of generators (12); a plurality of storage batteries (16) can realize the supply of corresponding voltage by a method of combined action of series connection and parallel connection, thereby being capable of supplying power to the lighthouse.
3. The slope protection structure dissipating energy and recovering energy by using elastic energy discharge and disturbance flow according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the energy counteracting and collecting structure comprises a hinged shaft (1), a J-shaped baffle (2), a spring (3), a box (4), a rack (5), a pressing wheel (6), a compound gear (7) and a driven pulley (8), the J-shaped baffle (2) is a plate with one end bent upwards, and one bent end of the J-shaped baffle (2) and the other bent end of the J-shaped baffle face the top and the bottom of the slope (2) respectively; the other end of J-shaped baffle (2) is hinged on the upper end face of box (4) through hinged shaft (1), box (4) is used for pre-embedding into the slope, and spring (3) is connected between the lower side face of J-shaped baffle (2) and box (4).
4. The slope protection structure capable of dissipating energy and recycling energy through elastic energy dissipation and turbulent flow according to claim 3, wherein the lower side surface of the J-shaped baffle (2) is hinged to one end of the rack (5) through a pin shaft, the other end of the rack (5) penetrates through a through hole formed in the upper end surface of the box (4) and is meshed with the composite gear (7) arranged in the box (4), the composite gear (7) is rotatably connected in the box (4) through a rotating shaft, the composite gear (7) is composed of a gear and a belt pulley integrally formed on one side of the gear, and the belt pulley of the composite gear (7) is connected with a driven belt pulley (8) connected with the input end of the generator (12) through belt transmission.
5. The slope protection structure capable of dissipating energy and recovering energy by utilizing elastic energy dissipation and turbulent energy dissipation as claimed in claim 4, wherein the rack (5) is arc-shaped.
6. The slope protection structure capable of dissipating energy and recovering energy by utilizing elastic energy dissipation and turbulent flow according to claim 4, wherein a pressing wheel (6) in contact with the rack (5) is arranged on one side of the rack (5) away from the teeth, and the pressing wheel (6) is also rotatably connected in the box (4) through a rotating shaft.
7. The slope protection structure capable of dissipating energy and recovering energy by using elastic energy dissipation and turbulent flow according to claim 3, wherein a driving gear (9) is fixedly connected to a hinge shaft (1) at one end of the J-shaped baffle (2), the hinge shaft (1) is fixedly connected to one end of the J-shaped baffle (2), and two ends of the hinge shaft are rotatably connected to a rotating seat fixed on the box, so that the driving gear (9) rotates along with the hinge shaft; the upper end face of the box (4) corresponding to the driving gear (9) is provided with a groove, the driving gear (9) is meshed with and connected with a driven composite gear (10) in the box (4) in a rotating mode, the driven composite gear (10) is provided with a gear and a driving belt pulley integrally formed on the side face of the gear, and the driving belt pulley is connected with a driven belt pulley (8) connected with the input end of a generator (12) through belt transmission.
8. The slope protection structure capable of dissipating energy and recycling energy by utilizing elastic energy dissipation and turbulent flow according to claim 1, 4 or 7, wherein the generator (12) is fixedly connected in a sealed box body fixedly connected with the inner wall of the box (4), a through hole for extending an output shaft of the generator is formed in one side of the sealed box body, a sealing structure is arranged between the inner wall of the through hole and the output shaft of the generator, and an inlet and outlet wire hole is formed in one side of the sealed box body, which is in contact with the box (4), and the inlet and outlet wire hole seals a connecting line pipeline.
CN201910764812.6A 2019-08-19 Slope protection structure capable of dissipating energy and recycling energy by utilizing elastic unloading energy and turbulent flow energy dissipation Active CN110565579B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910764812.6A CN110565579B (en) 2019-08-19 Slope protection structure capable of dissipating energy and recycling energy by utilizing elastic unloading energy and turbulent flow energy dissipation

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910764812.6A CN110565579B (en) 2019-08-19 Slope protection structure capable of dissipating energy and recycling energy by utilizing elastic unloading energy and turbulent flow energy dissipation

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN110565579A true CN110565579A (en) 2019-12-13
CN110565579B CN110565579B (en) 2021-06-01

Family

ID=

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4123185A (en) * 1977-06-06 1978-10-31 Hagen Alf R Floating breakwater and energy collecting system
CN87206813U (en) * 1987-04-24 1988-07-20 刘心民 Electric generator driven by weak wind
CN201351571Y (en) * 2009-02-23 2009-11-25 刘青长 Fan-shaped water tank ocean wave generation device
CN202989884U (en) * 2012-12-24 2013-06-12 浙江海洋学院 Power generation device installed on caisson type vertical breakwater
CN204553076U (en) * 2015-04-10 2015-08-12 赵梦麒 A kind of embedded breakwater energy dissipating electricity generating device based on wave energy

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4123185A (en) * 1977-06-06 1978-10-31 Hagen Alf R Floating breakwater and energy collecting system
CN87206813U (en) * 1987-04-24 1988-07-20 刘心民 Electric generator driven by weak wind
CN201351571Y (en) * 2009-02-23 2009-11-25 刘青长 Fan-shaped water tank ocean wave generation device
CN202989884U (en) * 2012-12-24 2013-06-12 浙江海洋学院 Power generation device installed on caisson type vertical breakwater
CN204553076U (en) * 2015-04-10 2015-08-12 赵梦麒 A kind of embedded breakwater energy dissipating electricity generating device based on wave energy

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN103195637B (en) A kind of tidal generating set
CN204677363U (en) A kind of tidal power generating device
US20150340941A1 (en) Regenerative energy electric motor driven generator power plant system
CN201723356U (en) Hydroelectric power system of high-rise sewer
CN101562351B (en) Portable type electronic device
CN101614180A (en) A kind of combined type is utilized the device of ocean wave energy for generating electricity
KR100997774B1 (en) Apparatus for photovoltaic power generating having film type piezoelectric device
CN101938230A (en) Wave vibration piezoelectric power generation and solar energy combined power generating method and system
CN204312246U (en) A kind of electricity generating device utilizing wave energy
GR20060100633A (en) Synergetic production of electrical energy from renewable sources of energy.
CN105019397B (en) A kind of wind and SEA LEVEL VARIATION is utilized to carry out the Novel revetment structure generated electricity
CN202241272U (en) 180-degree mechanical arm
CN101576063A (en) Wind-light-complementing integrated generating device
CN203014414U (en) Electric automobile charging station utilizing solar power and electric supply complementally
CN202214706U (en) Environment-friendly generation breakwater
CN1676925A (en) River channel natural stream generating device
CN2717092Y (en) Solar energy, wind power and diesel power generation and battery bank integrated AC power supply
CN206419158U (en) A kind of birotor contrarotating tidal-energy electric generator set
CN102278265B (en) Power generation method and device based on complementary power generation by use of water wave energy and wind energy
CN202143004U (en) Aerial generating system
CN204396353U (en) photovoltaic power station component cleaning device
CN201290079Y (en) Midget plant
CN205792357U (en) Storable solar energy piezoelectricity distributed power generation square electric power system
CN104953929B (en) Wind-solar complementary power generation device
CN203377814U (en) Wind power generation and solar power generation combining system adopting nanometer friction generators

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant