CN110553280A - Control method and system for hot air stove and storage medium - Google Patents

Control method and system for hot air stove and storage medium Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110553280A
CN110553280A CN201910860246.9A CN201910860246A CN110553280A CN 110553280 A CN110553280 A CN 110553280A CN 201910860246 A CN201910860246 A CN 201910860246A CN 110553280 A CN110553280 A CN 110553280A
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China
Prior art keywords
current
target
hot air
temperature
control
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CN201910860246.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN110553280B (en
Inventor
巩运迎
张海燕
唐元清
白文凯
刘中攀
王海苗
宋令坡
宋华
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兖矿集团有限公司
兖矿科技有限公司
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Priority to CN201910860246.9A priority Critical patent/CN110553280B/en
Publication of CN110553280A publication Critical patent/CN110553280A/en
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Publication of CN110553280B publication Critical patent/CN110553280B/en

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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23NREGULATING OR CONTROLLING COMBUSTION
    • F23N1/00Regulating fuel supply
    • F23N1/02Regulating fuel supply conjointly with air supply
    • F23N1/022Regulating fuel supply conjointly with air supply using electronic means

Abstract

the invention discloses a control method, a system and a storage medium of a hot air stove, wherein the method comprises the following steps: acquiring a current combustion mode and a current temperature parameter of a target hot air stove, wherein the current temperature parameter comprises: flue gas temperature and furnace temperature; determining a corresponding control adjustment strategy according to the current combustion mode and the current temperature parameter; and automatically adjusting the current working parameters of the peripheral equipment corresponding to the target hot air furnace according to the control adjustment strategy. According to the technical scheme, the corresponding control adjustment strategy is determined by automatically carrying out logic judgment on the current combustion mode and the current temperature parameter, and the current working parameters of the peripheral equipment are automatically adjusted according to the control adjustment strategy, so that the closed-loop control of the target hot air stove is realized, and further, the sufficient combustion and the smokeless emission of fuel are realized.

Description

control method and system for hot air stove and storage medium

Technical Field

The embodiment of the invention relates to a hot air stove technology, in particular to a control method, a control system and a storage medium of a hot air stove.

Background

in the two years, the popularization and application of the civil hot air stove have greatly progressed. At present, the control device of the domestic hot-air stove generally performs program control according to a preset flow, for example, the preset flow may include: purge-ignition-combustion mode selection-flameout shutdown.

In the prior art, an open-loop control technology is generally adopted to control the feeding quantity and the induced air quantity of the civil hot air furnace, that is, an operator manually adjusts the feeding quantity and the induced air quantity according to the current combustion condition of the civil hot air furnace so as to ensure the stable combustion of fuel in the civil hot air furnace.

However, in the actual operation process, the problems of too much or too little feeding and too large or too small air volume inevitably occur when the feeding amount and the induced air amount are manually operated. Moreover, the problems that the load of the hot air furnace is unstable and the air quantity is not matched with the fuel quantity easily occur under the condition of long-term manual non-intervention, so that the environment is polluted by smoke, and the original purpose of popularization and application of the biomass furnace is seriously violated.

Disclosure of Invention

In view of this, the present invention provides a method, a system and a storage medium for controlling a hot air stove, which implement closed-loop control of a target hot air stove and ensure sufficient combustion and smokeless discharge of fuel.

In a first aspect, an embodiment of the present invention provides a method for controlling a hot air furnace, including:

acquiring a current combustion mode and a current temperature parameter of a target hot air stove, wherein the current temperature parameter comprises: flue gas temperature and furnace temperature;

Determining a corresponding control adjustment strategy according to the current combustion mode and the current temperature parameter;

And automatically adjusting the current working parameters of the peripheral equipment corresponding to the target hot air stove according to the control adjustment strategy.

In a second aspect, an embodiment of the present invention further provides a control system for a hot air stove, including: the system comprises an automatic control device, peripheral equipment and at least three temperature sensors; the automatic control device includes: the data acquisition converter, the data logic operation analysis processor and the signal output operational amplifier unit; the input end of the data acquisition converter is respectively connected with the peripheral equipment and the at least three temperature sensors, the output end of the data acquisition converter is connected with the input end of the data logic operation analysis processor, the input end of the signal output operational amplifier unit is connected with the output end of the data logic operation analysis processor, and the output end of the signal output operational amplifier unit is connected with the peripheral equipment;

The data acquisition converter is used for acquiring a current combustion mode, a current temperature parameter and a current environment temperature of the target hot air stove and sending the current combustion mode, the current temperature parameter and the current environment temperature to the data logic operation analysis processor, and the current operation parameters comprise: flue gas temperature and furnace temperature;

The data logic operation analysis processor is used for determining a corresponding control adjustment strategy according to the current combustion mode, the current temperature parameter and the current environment temperature, and outputting a control signal corresponding to the control adjustment strategy through the signal output operational amplifier unit so as to adjust the current working parameters of the peripheral equipment.

In a third aspect, a computer-readable storage medium has stored thereon a computer program which, when executed by a processor, implements a method of controlling a hot-air oven as recited in any one of the above.

the method comprises the following steps of obtaining a current combustion mode and a current temperature parameter of a target hot air stove, wherein the current temperature parameter comprises: flue gas temperature and furnace temperature; determining a corresponding control adjustment strategy according to the current combustion mode and the current temperature parameter; and automatically adjusting the current working parameters of the peripheral equipment corresponding to the target hot air stove according to the control adjustment strategy. According to the technical scheme, the corresponding control adjustment strategy is determined by automatically carrying out logic judgment on the current combustion mode and the current temperature parameter, and the current working parameters of the peripheral equipment are automatically adjusted according to the control adjustment strategy, so that the closed-loop control of the target hot air stove is realized, and further, the sufficient combustion and the smokeless emission of fuel are realized.

Drawings

Fig. 1 is a flowchart of a method for controlling a hot air furnace according to an embodiment of the present invention;

Fig. 2 is a flowchart of another method for controlling a hot air furnace according to an embodiment of the present invention;

Fig. 3 is a flowchart of a control method of a hot air furnace according to another embodiment of the present invention;

Fig. 4 is a flowchart of a control method of a hot air furnace according to another embodiment of the present invention;

Fig. 5 is a flowchart of a control method of a hot air furnace according to another embodiment of the present invention;

fig. 6 is a block diagram illustrating a control apparatus for a hot air oven according to an embodiment of the present invention;

Fig. 7 is a block diagram illustrating a control system of a hot air furnace according to an embodiment of the present invention;

fig. 8 is a block diagram of a control system of another hot air furnace according to an embodiment of the present invention.

Detailed Description

The present invention will be described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples. It is to be understood that the specific embodiments described herein are merely illustrative of the invention and are not limiting of the invention. It should be further noted that, for the convenience of description, only some of the structures related to the present invention are shown in the drawings, not all of the structures.

It should be noted that, in the prior art, under the condition of performing program control according to a preset flow, in order to realize long-term stable combustion temperature control, the requirement on the operator is high, that is, the feeding amount and the corresponding air induction amount in each mode need to be manually and accurately set according to the current combustion condition, and at the same time, the mode parameters must be frequently changed to achieve a stable combustion condition, so that the operation of the operator is complicated. Moreover, the problems of too much or too little feeding and too much or too little induced air are inevitably caused by manual operation. Therefore, the embodiment of the invention provides a control method of a hot air stove, so as to realize intelligent control of the hot air stove.

fig. 1 is a flowchart of a method for controlling a hot air oven according to an embodiment of the present invention, where the method is applicable to automatically control current operating parameters of peripheral devices corresponding to a target hot air oven, and the method can be executed by a control system of the hot air oven, where the method can be implemented by hardware and/or software, and can be generally integrated in the control system of the hot air oven.

As shown in fig. 1, the method specifically includes the following steps:

And S110, acquiring the current combustion mode and the current temperature parameter of the target hot air stove.

Wherein the current temperature parameters include: flue gas temperature and furnace temperature. It should be noted that the flue gas temperature and the furnace temperature are both parameters used for characterizing the combustion characteristics in the furnace. Wherein, the higher the furnace temperature, then correspondingly, the higher the flue gas temperature is, thus the more the heat that is taken away. For example, when the temperature of the flue gas is ultrahigh and the temperature of the furnace is also ultrahigh, the combustion in the furnace is too violent, and a large amount of heat is discharged into the flue gas.

The current combustion mode is used for representing the current adopted control mode of the target hot air stove. In an embodiment, the combustion mode may include an automatic mode and a manual mode. Specifically, in an automatic mode, a user can set the ambient temperature so that a control system of the hot air stove can automatically calculate the optimal feeding amount and the optimal induced air amount according to the current temperature parameter, and the effects of energy conservation, environmental protection and constant temperature are ensured to be achieved; under the manual mode, the control system of the hot air stove can automatically adjust the air guiding quantity according to the manually set feeding quantity, so that the fuel can be fully combusted, and the purposes of energy conservation and environmental protection are ensured to be achieved.

and S120, determining a corresponding control adjustment strategy according to the current combustion mode and the current temperature parameter.

The control adjustment strategy can be understood as representing the corresponding final target feeding amount and the final target induced air amount under different current combustion modes and current temperature parameters. Wherein the feeding amount refers to the amount of fuel put into a hearth of the target hot air furnace; the induced air amount refers to an amount of flue gas extracted from a furnace of the target hot-air furnace. It should be understood that, under the condition of increasing the feeding amount and the air guiding amount at the same time, the combustion speed of the target hot air furnace is increased, so as to achieve the effect of increasing the temperature of the hearth and the temperature of the flue gas, i.e. achieve the purpose of accelerating heating. In the actual operation process, the magnitude of induced draft volume is adjusted to the working strength of accessible adjustment draught fan, and the working strength of draught fan is the bigger promptly, and then the induced draft volume is just bigger.

In the embodiment, the process of determining the corresponding control adjustment strategy according to the current combustion mode and the current temperature parameter is a process of performing closed-loop control on the target hot air stove. In the interim, closed-loop control refers to a control relationship in which the controlled output is returned to the input as control in a manner that exerts a controlling influence on the input. In the embodiment, the output of the flue gas temperature and the hearth temperature is returned to the input end of the target hot air furnace, and the process of controlling the feeding amount and the induced air amount of the target hot air furnace is controlled according to the flue gas temperature and the hearth. Of course, when the target hot-air stove employs different combustion modes, the corresponding control adjustment strategies are also different. Under the condition that the current combustion mode is the automatic mode, because the environmental temperature set by a user is fixed, namely the environmental temperature is ensured to be constant, the feeding quantity and the air guiding quantity need to be adjusted simultaneously, namely the feeding quantity and the air guiding quantity need to be adjusted simultaneously according to the current combustion mode and the current temperature parameter; under the condition that the current combustion mode is the manual mode, different working gears can be set for the target hot air stove in the manual mode, and a mapping relation is set between the working gears and the feeding amount in advance, namely the feeding amount of the target hot air stove is determined after the working gear of the target hot air stove is selected, at the moment, in order to ensure sufficient fuel of the fuel, the air induction amount can be adjusted according to the current combustion mode and the current temperature parameter, so that the sufficient combustion of the fuel is ensured through the size of the air induction amount.

and S130, automatically adjusting the current working parameters of the peripheral equipment corresponding to the target hot air furnace according to the control adjustment strategy.

In an embodiment, after determining a control adjustment strategy corresponding to the target hot air furnace according to the current combustion mode and the current temperature parameter, the current operating parameter of the peripheral device corresponding to the target hot air furnace may be automatically adjusted according to the control adjustment strategy, so as to adjust the feeding amount and the induced air amount. The peripheral device refers to a device configured by the target hot air furnace itself. In an embodiment, the peripheral device may include: a blower, a draught fan, an igniter and the like. The air blower is arranged at the head end of the boiler corresponding to the target hot air stove and used for feeding air to the boiler from the air door; the induced draft fan is arranged at the tail end of the boiler corresponding to the target hot air furnace and used for extracting hot flue gas in the hearth; the igniter is used for providing enough energy to ignite the fuel in the hearth at a moment and stabilizing the flame. When the control and adjustment strategies of the target hot air furnace are different, the current working parameters of the corresponding peripheral equipment are also different. For example, when the flue gas temperature and the furnace temperature of the target hot air furnace are too high, the corresponding control and adjustment strategy is to reduce the induced air volume, that is, the current working parameters corresponding to the induced draft fan need to be adjusted to reduce the flow of air in the furnace, so as to slow down the combustion speed of the fuel.

it should be noted that, while the air guiding amount is reduced, the purpose of reducing the air flow in the furnace chamber can be achieved by reducing the blast volume, so as to slow down the combustion speed of the fuel.

According to the technical scheme of the embodiment, the corresponding control adjustment strategy is determined by automatically carrying out logic judgment on the current combustion mode and the current temperature parameter, and the current working parameters of the peripheral equipment are automatically adjusted according to the control adjustment strategy, so that the closed-loop control of the target hot air stove is realized, and further, the sufficient combustion and the smokeless emission of fuel are realized.

Fig. 2 is a flowchart of another method for controlling a hot air furnace according to an embodiment of the present invention. Based on the above embodiments, in the present embodiment, when the current combustion mode is the manual mode, the corresponding control adjustment strategy is determined according to the current combustion mode and the current temperature parameter, and the current operating parameters of the peripheral devices corresponding to the target hot air stove are automatically adjusted according to the control adjustment strategy, which is further described. As shown in fig. 2, the method specifically includes the following steps:

s210, acquiring a current combustion mode and a current temperature parameter of the target hot air stove.

Wherein the current temperature parameters include: flue gas temperature and furnace temperature.

And S220, acquiring the current working gear of the target hot air stove.

the current working gear is used for representing the currently adopted working gear of the target hot air stove. Wherein, every target hot-blast stove can be provided with a plurality of work shifts to, the feeding volume that different work shifts correspond is also different. For example, it is assumed that each target hot air furnace can be set to a large range, a medium range and a small range, wherein the large range corresponds to the maximum feeding amount, and the small range corresponds to the minimum feeding amount. It can be understood that after the target hot air furnace determines the selected operating range, the corresponding feeding amount is determined.

and S230, determining a corresponding target feeding amount according to the current working gear.

wherein, a mapping relation is configured between the working gear and the feeding amount in advance. In an embodiment, after the current working gear of the target hot air furnace is determined, the target feeding amount corresponding to the current working gear can be determined according to a mapping relation between the preset working gear and the feeding amount. Wherein, the bigger the current work gear is, the more the corresponding target feeding amount is.

And S240, automatically matching the corresponding final target induced air volume according to the target feeding volume and the current temperature parameter.

It should be noted that, when the current combustion mode is the manual mode, the corresponding target feeding amount is automatically determined according to the current working gear pre-configured for the target hot air furnace, that is, the target feeding amount is related to the current working gear, that is, to ensure sufficient combustion of the fuel in different combustion modes, the corresponding final target induced air amount needs to be automatically matched according to the target feeding amount and the current temperature parameter.

Wherein, step S240 includes S2401-S2402:

S2401, automatically matching corresponding intermediate target induced air volume according to the target feeding volume.

The intermediate target induced air volume can be understood as the induced air volume automatically matched according to the target feeding volume. It should be understood that, after the current working gear of the target hot air furnace is determined, the corresponding target feeding amount can be automatically matched according to the current working gear, and an intermediate target induced air volume can be automatically matched according to the target feeding amount, so that the fuel with the target feeding amount can be fully combusted through the intermediate target induced air volume. At this time, due to the change of the current temperature parameter of the target hot air furnace, the intermediate target index air volume needs to be adjusted to ensure that the peripheral equipment corresponding to the target hot air furnace is within the normal operation range, so as to avoid the damage of the peripheral equipment.

S2402, under the condition that the current temperature parameter exceeds the preset temperature range, automatically adjusting the intermediate target induced air volume to obtain the corresponding final target induced air volume.

the preset temperature range refers to a temperature range that ensures that the peripheral devices are not damaged and that ensures that the target hot air furnace is in the optimal combustion state, and may also be referred to as a theoretical optimal temperature range. It should be noted that, the current temperature parameters include the flue gas temperature and the furnace temperature, and the corresponding preset temperature ranges refer to a theoretical optimal flue gas temperature range and a theoretical optimal furnace temperature range. In the actual operation process, the furnace temperatures corresponding to different positions in the furnace are also different, for example, the furnace temperature corresponding to the middle of the furnace is at the maximum value, and the furnace temperature corresponding to the edge of the furnace is at the minimum value, so as to ensure the accuracy of the obtained final target induced air volume, in the embodiment, the adjustment process of the intermediate target induced air volume may be described by taking the current temperature parameter as the flue gas temperature as an example. It is understood that the preset temperature range refers to a theoretically optimal flue gas temperature range.

Exemplarily, when the flue gas temperature is lower than the theoretical optimal flue gas temperature range and the furnace temperature is also correspondingly lower, it can be judged that the fuel combustion in the furnace is insufficient, the intermediate target induced air volume needs to be increased to obtain the corresponding final target induced air volume, and then whether the final target induced air volume meets the optimal matching requirement is continuously judged through the corresponding change of the flue gas temperature; on the contrary, when the flue gas temperature is higher than the theoretical optimal flue gas temperature range and the furnace temperature is correspondingly higher, the combustion of the fuel in the furnace can be considered to be more violent, and under the condition that the flue gas temperature exceeds the optimal theoretical flue gas temperature range, the intermediate target induced air quantity needs to be reduced. Of course, when the temperature of the flue gas exceeds the optimal theoretical range of the temperature of the flue gas, the amount of the hot air blown by the hot air blower needs to be increased while the amount of the intermediate target induced air is reduced, so that the heat can be taken away as soon as possible.

and S250, automatically adjusting the current working parameters of the peripheral equipment corresponding to the target hot air furnace according to the target feeding amount and the final target induced air amount.

in the embodiment, after the final target induced air volume and the target feeding volume are determined, the current working parameters of the peripheral equipment corresponding to the target hot-blast stove can be automatically adjusted according to the target feeding volume and the final target induced air volume, that is, the current working parameters of the induced draft fan are correspondingly adjusted, so that the effect of intelligently controlling the current working parameters of the peripheral equipment according to the current temperature parameters in a manual mode is realized.

according to the technical scheme of the embodiment, on the basis of the above embodiment, the corresponding target feeding amount is determined according to the current combustion mode of the target hot air stove in the manual mode, and the corresponding final target induced air volume is automatically matched according to the target feeding amount and the current temperature parameter, so that the fuel can be fully combusted at different manual current working gears, and the technical effects of energy conservation and environmental protection are achieved.

Fig. 3 is a flowchart of a control method for a hot air stove according to another embodiment of the present invention. Based on the above embodiments, in the case that the current combustion mode is the automatic mode, the present embodiment further describes determining a corresponding control adjustment strategy according to the current combustion mode and the current temperature parameter, and automatically adjusting the current operating parameters of the peripheral devices corresponding to the target hot air stove according to the control adjustment strategy.

As shown in fig. 3, the method comprises the steps of:

and S310, acquiring the current combustion mode and the current temperature parameter of the target hot air stove.

Wherein the current temperature parameters include: flue gas temperature and furnace temperature.

And S320, determining a comparison result between the current environment temperature and a preset target environment temperature.

the target ambient temperature refers to a temperature to be reached by the target hot air furnace. It should be noted that the target hot air stove may be generally used for heating, and in order to ensure a constant indoor temperature, after the user starts the target hot air stove, the user may set a temperature to be reached by the target hot air stove, that is, a target ambient temperature, according to the user's own needs. Then, the control system of the hot air furnace compares the current ambient temperature of the target hot air furnace with the target ambient temperature to obtain a corresponding comparison result.

And S330, automatically matching the corresponding final target feeding amount and the final target induced air amount according to the comparison result and the current temperature parameter.

In an embodiment, after the comparison result between the current ambient temperature and the target ambient temperature is obtained, the corresponding final target feeding amount and the final target induced air amount can be automatically matched according to the comparison result and the current temperature parameter.

specifically, step S330 includes S3301 to S3302:

And S3301, automatically matching corresponding middle target feeding amount and middle target induced air amount according to the comparison result.

in the embodiment, under the condition that the current environment temperature is lower than the preset target environment temperature, the combustion of fuel in a hearth of the target hot air furnace can be increased and accelerated, so that the target hot air furnace generates more heat, and further the current environment temperature reaches the target environment temperature, namely the current feeding amount needs to be increased, so as to reach the intermediate target feeding amount; and increasing the current induced air quantity to achieve the intermediate target induced air quantity. Namely, the fuel quantity in the hearth is increased, the air flow in the hearth is accelerated, and the rapid combustion of the fuel in the hearth is accelerated; on the contrary, when the current environment temperature is higher than the preset target environment temperature, it indicates that the current environment temperature needs to be reduced, and the combustion of the fuel in the hearth of the target hot air furnace can be slowed down, so as to reduce the heat generated by the target hot air furnace, that is, the current feeding amount and the current air induction amount of the target hot air furnace are reduced, so as to obtain the corresponding intermediate target feeding amount and the intermediate target air induction amount.

And S3302, automatically adjusting the intermediate target feeding quantity and the intermediate target induced air quantity to obtain a corresponding final target feeding quantity and a corresponding final target induced air quantity under the condition that the current temperature parameter exceeds a preset temperature range.

In the embodiment, in order to achieve the effect that the current ambient temperature reaches the target ambient temperature, the current feeding amount and the current induced air amount may be respectively adjusted to the intermediate target feeding amount and the intermediate target induced air amount. In the actual operation process, the current environment temperature reaches the target environment temperature, and meanwhile, the fuel in the hearth is ensured to be fully combusted, namely, the intermediate feeding amount and the intermediate target induced air volume are automatically adjusted according to the comparison result of the current temperature parameter of the target hot air stove and the preset temperature range, so that the corresponding final target feeding amount and the final target induced air volume are obtained.

it should be noted that, when the current combustion mode is the automatic mode, the target hot air stove first determines a current operating gear according to the manual mode to determine the corresponding feeding amount and the induced air amount. Then, a user can set a target environment temperature to determine corresponding intermediate target feeding amount and intermediate target induced air volume according to the comparison result of the current environment temperature and the target environment temperature; and then, according to the comparison result of the current temperature parameter and the preset temperature range, adjusting the intermediate target feeding quantity and the intermediate target induced air quantity to obtain the corresponding final target feeding quantity and final target induced air quantity.

And S340, automatically adjusting the current working parameters of the peripheral equipment corresponding to the target hot air furnace according to the final target feeding amount and the final target induced air amount.

in the embodiment, after the final target feeding amount and the final target induced air amount are determined, the current working parameters of an induced draft fan corresponding to the target hot air furnace are adjusted according to the final target feeding amount and the final target induced air amount so as to reduce or increase the size of the induced air amount; and controlling the throwing speed of the batch feeder to reduce or increase the feeding amount.

According to the technical scheme of the embodiment, on the basis of the embodiment, a comparison result of the current environment temperature and the preset target environment temperature is determined in an automatic mode; and automatically matching the corresponding final target feeding quantity and the final target induced air quantity according to the comparison result and the current temperature parameter, ensuring that the optimal final target feeding quantity and the final target induced air quantity are automatically calculated according to the current temperature parameter, and ensuring that the temperature is constant while energy-saving and environment-friendly sufficient combustion is realized.

fig. 4 is a flowchart of a control method for a hot air stove according to another embodiment of the present invention. In the present embodiment, a control method of the hot air oven will be further described based on the above embodiments. Specifically, as shown in fig. 4, the method includes the following steps:

And S410, automatically detecting the current operating conditions of the temperature sensor and the peripheral equipment corresponding to the target hot air stove to obtain a self-detection result.

In the embodiment, after a control system of the hot air furnace is powered on, the current operating conditions of the temperature sensor and the peripheral equipment corresponding to the target hot air furnace are automatically obtained through the data acquisition converter, and the current operating conditions are sent to the data logic operation analysis processor, so that the operating conditions of the temperature sensor and the peripheral equipment are automatically detected, and whether each component in the target hot air furnace is normal or not is ensured.

And S420, displaying the self-checking result to a display device of the target hot air stove.

wherein, the self-checking result refers to the checking result of the temperature sensor and the peripheral equipment in the target hot air stove. In an embodiment, after determining the detection results of the respective temperature sensors and the peripheral devices, the detection results may be displayed on a display device of the target hot air oven in order to facilitate a user to view the detection results. The display device can be a display screen or an indicator lamp.

and S430, displaying the fault processing strategy to a display device of the target hot air furnace.

Of course, in the actual detection process, there may be a case where the temperature sensor or the peripheral device in the target hot air oven is out of order. When the temperature sensor or the peripheral equipment in the target hot air furnace has faults, the faults and the fault processing strategy are output and displayed on the display device of the target hot air furnace so as to propose suggestion processing to the user.

And S440, acquiring a current combustion mode and a current temperature parameter of the target hot air stove.

wherein the current temperature parameters include: flue gas temperature and furnace temperature.

S450, determining a corresponding control adjustment strategy according to the current combustion mode and the current temperature parameter.

And S460, automatically adjusting the current working parameters of the peripheral equipment corresponding to the target hot air furnace according to the control adjustment strategy.

According to the technical scheme of the embodiment, the current operation conditions of the temperature sensor and the peripheral equipment corresponding to the target hot air furnace are automatically detected to obtain the self-checking result, and then the self-checking result or the fault processing strategy is displayed on the display device of the target hot air furnace, so that the normal operation of the control system of the hot air furnace is ensured.

It should be noted that, steps S410 to S430 may be executed before step S440, but in the actual operation process, in order to ensure the normal operation of the control system of the hot air oven, the automatic detection and early warning process may also be performed on the control system of the hot air oven according to the operation feedback of the temperature sensor and the peripheral device, that is, after step S460, steps S410 to S430 may be executed again, so as to avoid the situation that the control system of the hot air oven is still executed according to the established procedure and the early warning and automatic correction cannot be performed in time under the condition that the flame is extinguished or the glass observation window is burned out, thereby ensuring the personnel safety and avoiding the economic loss.

Fig. 5 is a flowchart of a control method for a hot air stove according to another embodiment of the present invention. In this embodiment, a flow of a method for controlling a hot air oven will be described in a specific embodiment based on the above-described embodiments. As shown in fig. 5, the method includes the steps of:

and S510, powering on and starting up.

and S520, displaying an output/operation interface.

And S530, entering a self-checking program.

And S540, acquiring signal data of each sensor/peripheral device.

S550, judging whether the operation is normal or not, and if not, executing the step S560; if yes, go to step S570.

And S560, displaying the fault and suggesting a processing method.

And S570, entering a standby state.

S580, whether the operation is carried out or not, and if not, the step S570 is executed; if yes, go to step S590.

and S590, blowing air to clean the hearth and the flue.

s5100, ignition.

S5110, judging whether the ignition is successful or not, if not, executing the step S5100 or S560; if yes, step S5120 is executed.

s5120, selecting a manual/automatic mode, and if the manual mode is selected, executing the step S5130; if the mode is the auto mode, step S5180 is executed.

and S5130, dividing gears in a manual mode.

S5140, feeding according to the preset/set feeding amount.

and S5150, calculating to automatically match/adjust the air guiding quantity.

S5160, judging whether the induced air quantity is appropriate or not, if so, executing a step S5170; if not, step S5150 is executed.

S5170, maintaining the air guiding quantity.

S5180, enter automatic mode.

S5190, determining the feeding amount and the induced draft amount according to gears in a manual mode, and operating in advance.

S5200, setting an ambient room temperature.

The set ambient room temperature is the target ambient temperature in the above embodiment.

S5210, judging whether the actual temperature meets the set environmental room temperature or not, and if so, executing a step S5190; if not, step S5220 is executed.

The actual temperature is the current ambient temperature in the above embodiment.

S5220, automatically adjusting/matching the feeding amount and the air guiding amount.

S5230, if the requirement is met, executing the step S5240; if not, step S5220 is executed.

S5240, maintaining the parameters corresponding to the feeding amount and the induced draft.

In the embodiment, after a control system of the hot air stove is powered on, a starting state is displayed on an output/operation interface, then a self-checking program is entered, so that the running condition of each temperature sensor and/or peripheral equipment is automatically detected by acquiring signal data of each temperature sensor and/or peripheral equipment to determine whether the temperature sensors and/or the peripheral equipment are normal or not, if the temperature sensors and/or the peripheral equipment are abnormal, the temperature sensors and/or the peripheral equipment are possibly failed, and a failure and a suggested processing method are displayed on the output/operation interface; if the control system of the hot air stove is normal, the control system of the hot air stove enters a standby state, then whether the control system of the hot air stove operates is judged, if not, the control system of the hot air stove is in the standby state, if yes, the hearth and the flue of the target hot air stove are cleaned by blowing air, then ignition is carried out through an igniter, whether the ignition is successful is judged, if not, the igniter is possibly in fault, if the fault occurs, the fault and a suggested processing method are displayed to an output/operation interface, and if the fault does not occur, the ignition is carried out again until the ignition is successful. Then, a current combustion mode of the target hot air stove is determined, wherein the combustion mode of the target hot air stove is a manual mode by default. Under the condition that the current combustion mode of the target hot air stove is a manual mode, gear division is carried out on the target hot air stove, corresponding feeding amount is determined according to the mapping relation between preset gears and feeding amount, then corresponding induced air amount is automatically matched according to the feeding amount, whether the induced air amount can achieve the purpose of fully combusting the fuel or not is judged according to the current temperature parameters collected by each temperature sensor, whether the induced air amount is kept within the theoretical optimal temperature range or not is judged, if not, the corresponding induced air amount is matched again and adjusted, and if yes, the induced air amount is kept by the target hot air stove. Under the condition that the current combustion mode of the target hot air stove is an automatic mode, firstly, the target hot air stove matches corresponding feeding quantity and induced air quantity according to one gear in a manual mode and operates in advance, then an environmental room temperature to be reached is set for the target hot air stove, whether the actual temperature meets the environmental room temperature to be reached is judged, if yes, peripheral equipment of the target hot air stove is operated according to the feeding quantity and the induced air quantity in the preset manual mode, if not, the corresponding feeding quantity and the induced air quantity are automatically matched and adjusted, then the adjusted feeding quantity and the adjusted induced air quantity are judged according to current temperature parameters, whether the actual temperature meets the environmental room temperature to be reached can be judged, whether the actual temperature is kept in a theoretical optimal temperature range is judged, if not, the corresponding feeding quantity and the induced air quantity are automatically matched and adjusted, if so, the target hot air stove maintains the adjusted feeding amount and the adjusted air guiding amount, so that the constancy of the ambient room temperature is ensured in an automatic mode.

According to the technical scheme of the embodiment, the feeding quantity and the induced air quantity of the target hot air furnace are automatically matched systematically and scientifically by collecting, analyzing and logically operating signal data of each temperature sensor and peripheral equipment and combining with a logical limit value preset manually. Meanwhile, in the combustion control process, the combustion state of the target hot air furnace is adjusted and fed back by combining the environment room temperature, the smoke temperature and the hearth temperature which are obtained in real time, so that the intelligent control of peripheral equipment is realized, and the automatic detection and early warning processing functions of the target hot air furnace and all components in the control system in the whole starting process are realized; meanwhile, the feeding amount and the induced air amount are intelligently and automatically matched, so that the full combustion and the smokeless discharge of fuel are realized, and the problems of flame failure and flameout in the fixed feeding and induced air states are avoided; and through the intelligent regulation induced air volume, ensure that exhaust gas temperature is lower, strengthened the thermal efficiency.

Fig. 6 is a block diagram of a control apparatus for a hot air oven according to an embodiment of the present invention, which is suitable for automatically controlling current operating parameters of peripheral devices corresponding to a target hot air oven, and which can be implemented by hardware/software and can be generally integrated in a control system of the hot air oven. As shown in fig. 6, the apparatus includes: an acquisition module 610, a determination module 620, and an adjustment module 630.

The obtaining module 610 is configured to obtain a current combustion mode and a current temperature parameter of the target hot air stove, where the current temperature parameter includes: flue gas temperature and furnace temperature;

A determining module 620, configured to determine a corresponding control adjustment strategy according to the current combustion mode and the current temperature parameter;

And an adjusting module 630, configured to automatically adjust current operating parameters of the peripheral device corresponding to the target hot air stove according to the control adjustment policy.

according to the technical scheme of the embodiment, the corresponding control adjustment strategy is determined by automatically carrying out logic judgment on the current combustion mode and the current temperature parameter, and the current working parameters of the peripheral equipment are automatically adjusted according to the control adjustment strategy, so that the closed-loop control of the target hot air stove is realized, and further, the sufficient combustion and the smokeless emission of fuel are realized.

on the basis of the above embodiment, in the case that the current combustion mode is the manual mode, the determining module 620 includes:

The acquisition unit is used for acquiring the current working gear of the target hot air stove;

The first determining unit is used for determining the corresponding target feeding amount according to the current working gear;

the second matching unit is used for automatically matching the corresponding final target induced air volume according to the target feeding volume and the current temperature parameter;

Correspondingly, the adjusting module 630 is specifically configured to: and automatically adjusting the current working parameters of peripheral equipment corresponding to the target hot air stove according to the target feeding amount and the final target induced air amount.

On the basis of the above embodiment, the matching unit includes:

the first matching subunit is used for automatically matching the corresponding intermediate target induced air volume according to the target feeding volume;

And the first adjusting subunit is used for automatically adjusting the intermediate target induced air volume under the condition that the current temperature parameter exceeds the preset temperature range so as to obtain the corresponding final target induced air volume.

On the basis of the above embodiment, in the case that the current combustion mode is the automatic mode, the determining module 620 includes:

The second determining unit is used for determining a comparison result between the current ambient temperature and a preset target ambient temperature;

the second matching unit is used for automatically matching the corresponding final target feeding amount and the final target induced air amount according to the comparison result and the current temperature parameter;

Correspondingly, the adjusting module is specifically configured to: and automatically adjusting the current working parameters of peripheral equipment corresponding to the target hot air furnace according to the final target feeding amount and the final target induced air amount.

On the basis of the above embodiment, the second matching unit includes:

The second matching subunit is used for automatically matching the corresponding middle target feeding amount and the middle target induced air amount according to the comparison result;

and the second adjusting subunit is used for automatically adjusting the intermediate target feeding quantity and the intermediate target induced air quantity under the condition that the current temperature parameter exceeds the preset temperature range so as to obtain the corresponding final target feeding quantity and the final target induced air quantity.

In addition to the above embodiments, the control device for a hot air oven further includes:

the detection module is used for automatically detecting the current operating conditions of the temperature sensor and the peripheral equipment corresponding to the target hot air stove to obtain a self-detection result;

And the first display module is used for displaying the self-checking result to a display device of the target hot air stove.

in addition to the above embodiments, the control device for a hot air oven further includes:

and the second display module is used for displaying the fault processing strategy to the display device of the target hot air stove after the self-checking result is obtained under the condition that the self-checking result is that the fault occurs.

The control device of the hot air stove can execute the control method of the hot air stove provided by any embodiment of the invention, and has the corresponding functional modules and beneficial effects of the execution method.

Fig. 7 is a block diagram of a control system of a hot air oven according to an embodiment of the present invention. As shown in fig. 7, the control system of the hot air oven includes: an automatic control device 710, peripheral devices 720, and at least three temperature sensors 730; the automatic control device 710 includes: the system comprises a data acquisition converter 7101, a data logic operation analysis processor 7102 and a signal output operational amplifier unit 7103; the input end of the data acquisition converter 7101 is respectively connected with the peripheral equipment 720 and at least three temperature sensors 730, the output end of the data acquisition converter 7101 is connected with the input end of the data logic operation analysis processor 7102, the input end of the signal output operational amplifier unit 7103 is connected with the output end of the data logic operation analysis processor 7102, and the output end of the signal output operational amplifier unit 7103 is connected with the peripheral equipment 720;

the data acquisition converter 7101 is used for acquiring a current combustion mode, a current temperature parameter and a current environment temperature of the target hot air furnace, and sending the current combustion mode, the current temperature parameter and the current environment temperature to the data logic operation analysis processor 7102, wherein the current operation parameters include: flue gas temperature and furnace temperature;

The data logic operation analysis processor 7102 is configured to determine a corresponding control adjustment strategy according to the current combustion mode, the current temperature parameter, and the current ambient temperature, and output a control signal corresponding to the control adjustment strategy through the signal output operational amplifier unit 7103, so as to adjust the current operating parameter of the peripheral device 720.

the temperature sensor 730 uses a platinum thermistor pt100, the resistance of which changes with temperature, and the temperature of the object to be measured can be estimated by measuring the resistance. In the embodiment, at least three temperature sensors 730 (respectively, a temperature sensor 1, a temperature sensor 2 and a temperature sensor 3) are arranged in a control system of the hot air furnace, the corresponding smoke temperature, the furnace temperature and the ambient room temperature can be obtained by detecting resistance values corresponding to the three temperature sensors 730, then the smoke temperature, the furnace temperature and the ambient room temperature are subjected to signal conversion through a data acquisition converter 7101, the converted signals are sent to a data logic operation analysis processor 7102, then the received signals are subjected to operation processing through the data logic operation analysis processor 7102 to obtain a corresponding control adjustment strategy, and a control signal corresponding to the control adjustment strategy is output through a signal output operational unit 7103 to adjust the current working parameters of corresponding peripheral equipment 720, so as to adjust the whole combustion process of the target hot air furnace, the closed-loop control of the peripheral equipment corresponding to the target hot air stove is realized.

The control system of the hot air stove can execute the control method of the hot air stove provided by any embodiment of the invention, and has the corresponding functional modules and beneficial effects of the execution method.

Fig. 8 is a block diagram showing another control system for a hot air oven according to an embodiment of the present invention, and the present embodiment is further described with reference to the control system for a hot air oven shown in fig. 7. As shown in fig. 8, the automatic control apparatus 710 in the control system of the hot air oven further includes: a data storage unit 7104 and a display output unit 7105; the data storage unit 7104 is connected with the output end of the data logic operation analysis processor 7102, and the display output unit 7105 is connected with the output end of the data logic operation analysis processor 7102;

The data logic operation analysis processor 7102 is also used for automatically detecting the current operating conditions of the temperature sensor 730 and the peripheral equipment 720 corresponding to the target hot air furnace to obtain a self-detection result;

The display output unit 7105 is used for displaying a self-checking result and/or a fault handling strategy of the target hot air furnace;

And a data storage unit 7104 for storing all parameters of the target hot air oven.

in the embodiment, after the control system of the hot air oven is powered on, the current operating conditions of each temperature sensor and the peripheral device are firstly obtained through the data acquisition converter 7101, and the current operating conditions are sent to the data logic operation analysis processor 7102, so that the data logic operation analysis processor 7102 automatically detects and analyzes the operating conditions of each temperature sensor 730 and the peripheral device 720, and it is ensured that each component in the control system of the hot air oven is normal. Of course, if each temperature sensor 730 and the peripheral device 720 have a fault, the data logic operation analysis processor 7102 may automatically send the fault and the fault processing policy to the display output unit 7105, so that the user can know the operation conditions of each temperature sensor 730 and the peripheral device 720 in time, thereby achieving the effect of automatic diagnosis and early warning processing of the operation conditions of each temperature sensor and the peripheral device.

In the actual operation process of self-checking each component in the control system of the hot air furnace, in order to facilitate an operator to know the operation conditions of each temperature sensor 730 and the peripheral equipment 720 in time, when each temperature sensor 730 and the peripheral equipment 720 are in fault, on one hand, a fault and fault processing strategy is displayed on the display device of the display output unit 7105, and also a buzzer or an audible and visual alarm is used for carrying out fault sound reminding, so that the operator can process the fault in time.

it should be noted that the process of powering on the control system of the hot air oven again may be considered as a process of resetting the data logical operation analysis processor 7102. Of course, the reset circuit 7106 may be provided in the control system of the hot air oven, so that the reset circuit 7106 may reset the data logic operation analysis processor 7102 without restarting the control system of the hot air oven.

An embodiment of the present invention further provides a computer-readable storage medium, on which a computer program is stored, where the computer program, when executed by a processor, implements a method for controlling a hot-air oven provided by an embodiment of the present invention, and the method includes: acquiring a current combustion mode and a current temperature parameter of a target hot air stove, wherein the current temperature parameter comprises: flue gas temperature and furnace temperature; determining a corresponding control adjustment strategy according to the current combustion mode and the current temperature parameter; and automatically adjusting the current working parameters of the peripheral equipment corresponding to the target hot air furnace according to the control adjustment strategy.

computer storage media for embodiments of the invention may employ any combination of one or more computer-readable media. The computer readable medium may be a computer readable signal medium or a computer readable storage medium. A computer readable storage medium may be, for example, but not limited to, an electronic, magnetic, optical, electromagnetic, infrared, or semiconductor system, apparatus, or device, or any combination of the foregoing. More specific examples (a non-exhaustive list) of the computer readable storage medium would include the following: an electrical connection having one or more wires, a portable computer diskette, a hard disk, a Random Access Memory (RAM), a read-only memory (ROM), an erasable programmable read-only memory (EPROM or flash memory), an optical fiber, a portable compact disc read-only memory (CD-ROM), an optical storage device, a magnetic storage device, or any suitable combination of the foregoing. In the context of this document, a computer readable storage medium may be any tangible medium that can contain, or store a program for use by or in connection with an instruction execution system, apparatus, or device.

A computer readable signal medium may include a propagated data signal with computer readable program code embodied therein, for example, in baseband or as part of a carrier wave. Such a propagated data signal may take many forms, including, but not limited to, electro-magnetic, optical, or any suitable combination thereof. A computer readable signal medium may also be any computer readable medium that is not a computer readable storage medium and that can communicate, propagate, or transport a program for use by or in connection with an instruction execution system, apparatus, or device.

Program code embodied on a computer readable medium may be transmitted using any appropriate medium, including but not limited to wireless, wireline, optical fiber cable, RF, etc., or any suitable combination of the foregoing.

Computer program code for carrying out operations for aspects of the present invention may be written in any combination of one or more programming languages, including an object oriented programming language such as Java, Smalltalk, C + +, or the like, as well as conventional procedural programming languages, such as the "C" programming language or similar programming languages. The program code may execute entirely on the user's computer, partly on the user's computer, as a stand-alone software package, partly on the user's computer and partly on a remote computer or entirely on the remote computer or server. In the case of a remote computer, the remote computer may be connected to the user's computer through any type of network, including a Local Area Network (LAN) or a Wide Area Network (WAN), or the connection may be made to an external computer (for example, through the Internet using an Internet service provider).

It is to be noted that the foregoing is only illustrative of the preferred embodiments of the present invention and the technical principles employed. It will be understood by those skilled in the art that the present invention is not limited to the particular embodiments illustrated herein, but is capable of various obvious changes, rearrangements and substitutions as will now become apparent to those skilled in the art without departing from the scope of the invention. Therefore, although the present invention has been described in greater detail by the above embodiments, the present invention is not limited to the above embodiments, and may include other equivalent embodiments without departing from the spirit of the present invention, and the scope of the present invention is determined by the scope of the appended claims.

Claims (10)

1. A method for controlling a hot-air oven, comprising:
acquiring a current combustion mode and a current temperature parameter of a target hot air stove, wherein the current temperature parameter comprises: flue gas temperature and furnace temperature;
determining a corresponding control adjustment strategy according to the current combustion mode and the current temperature parameter;
And automatically adjusting the current working parameters of the peripheral equipment corresponding to the target hot air stove according to the control adjustment strategy.
2. The method of claim 1, wherein in the event that the current combustion mode is a manual mode, the determining a corresponding control adjustment strategy based on the current combustion mode and the current temperature parameter comprises:
acquiring a current working gear of the target hot air stove;
determining a corresponding target feeding amount according to the current working gear;
Automatically matching corresponding final target induced air volume according to the target feeding volume and the current temperature parameter;
Correspondingly, the automatically adjusting the current working parameters of the peripheral device corresponding to the target hot air furnace according to the control adjustment strategy includes:
and automatically adjusting the current working parameters of the peripheral equipment corresponding to the target hot air stove according to the target feeding amount and the final target guiding air volume.
3. The method of claim 2, wherein said automatically matching a corresponding final target induced air volume based on said target feed volume and said current temperature parameter comprises:
Automatically matching corresponding intermediate target induced air volume according to the target feeding volume;
And under the condition that the current temperature parameter exceeds the preset temperature range, automatically adjusting the intermediate target induced air volume to obtain the corresponding final target induced air volume.
4. The method of claim 1, wherein in the event that the current combustion mode is an automatic mode, the determining a corresponding control adjustment strategy based on the current combustion mode and the current temperature parameter comprises:
Determining a comparison result of the current environment temperature and a preset target environment temperature;
Automatically matching corresponding final target feeding amount and final target induced air volume according to the comparison result and the current temperature parameter;
Correspondingly, the automatically adjusting the current working parameters of the peripheral device corresponding to the target hot air furnace according to the control adjustment strategy includes:
and automatically adjusting the current working parameters of the peripheral equipment corresponding to the target hot air stove according to the final target feeding amount and the final target guiding air volume.
5. The method of claim 4, wherein automatically matching corresponding final target feed volume and final target induced air volume according to the comparison and the current temperature parameter comprises:
Automatically matching corresponding middle target feeding amount and middle target induced air amount according to the comparison result;
and under the condition that the current temperature parameter exceeds a preset temperature range, automatically adjusting the intermediate target feeding quantity and the intermediate target induced air quantity to obtain a corresponding final target feeding quantity and a corresponding final target induced air quantity.
6. The method according to any one of claims 1-5, further comprising:
Automatically detecting the current operating conditions of a temperature sensor and peripheral equipment corresponding to a target hot air stove to obtain a self-detection result;
and displaying the self-checking result to a display device of the target hot air stove.
7. the method according to claim 6, wherein in case that the self-test result is a failure, after the obtaining the self-test result, the method further comprises:
and displaying the fault treatment strategy to a display device of the target hot air furnace.
8. a control system for a hot air stove, comprising: the system comprises an automatic control device, peripheral equipment and at least three temperature sensors; the automatic control device includes: the data acquisition converter, the data logic operation analysis processor and the signal output operational amplifier unit; the input end of the data acquisition converter is respectively connected with the peripheral equipment and the at least three temperature sensors, the output end of the data acquisition converter is connected with the input end of the data logic operation analysis processor, the input end of the signal output operational amplifier unit is connected with the output end of the data logic operation analysis processor, and the output end of the signal output operational amplifier unit is connected with the peripheral equipment;
The data acquisition converter is used for acquiring a current combustion mode, a current temperature parameter and a current environment temperature of the target hot air stove and sending the current combustion mode, the current temperature parameter and the current environment temperature to the data logic operation analysis processor, and the current operation parameters comprise: flue gas temperature and furnace temperature;
The data logic operation analysis processor is used for determining a corresponding control adjustment strategy according to the current combustion mode, the current temperature parameter and the current environment temperature, and outputting a control signal corresponding to the control adjustment strategy through the signal output operational amplifier unit so as to adjust the current working parameters of the peripheral equipment.
9. The system of claim 8, wherein the automated control device further comprises: a data storage unit and a display output unit; the data storage unit is connected with the output end of the data logic operation analysis processor, and the display output unit is connected with the output end of the data logic operation analysis processor;
The data logic operation analysis processor is also used for automatically detecting the current operating conditions of the temperature sensor and the peripheral equipment corresponding to the target hot air stove to obtain a self-detection result;
The display output unit is used for displaying the self-checking result and/or the fault processing strategy of the target hot air stove;
And the data storage unit is used for storing all parameters of the target hot air furnace.
10. A computer-readable storage medium on which a computer program is stored, the program, when being executed by a processor, implementing a method of controlling a hot-air oven according to any one of claims 1 to 7.
CN201910860246.9A 2019-09-11 2019-09-11 Control method and system for hot air stove and storage medium CN110553280B (en)

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