CN110531684A - A kind of remote hydrographic monitoring system - Google Patents

A kind of remote hydrographic monitoring system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110531684A
CN110531684A CN201910907278.XA CN201910907278A CN110531684A CN 110531684 A CN110531684 A CN 110531684A CN 201910907278 A CN201910907278 A CN 201910907278A CN 110531684 A CN110531684 A CN 110531684A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
control cabinet
lifting
hole
sensor
telescoping
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201910907278.XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN110531684B (en
Inventor
钱晓军
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Suzhou Nanshi University Science Park Investment Management Co Ltd
Nanjing University
Nanjing Normal University
Original Assignee
Suzhou Nanshi University Science Park Investment Management Co Ltd
Nanjing Normal University
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Application filed by Suzhou Nanshi University Science Park Investment Management Co Ltd, Nanjing Normal University filed Critical Suzhou Nanshi University Science Park Investment Management Co Ltd
Priority to CN201910907278.XA priority Critical patent/CN110531684B/en
Publication of CN110531684A publication Critical patent/CN110531684A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN110531684B publication Critical patent/CN110531684B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
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Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01CMEASURING DISTANCES, LEVELS OR BEARINGS; SURVEYING; NAVIGATION; GYROSCOPIC INSTRUMENTS; PHOTOGRAMMETRY OR VIDEOGRAMMETRY
    • G01C13/00Surveying specially adapted to open water, e.g. sea, lake, river or canal
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01DMEASURING NOT SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR A SPECIFIC VARIABLE; ARRANGEMENTS FOR MEASURING TWO OR MORE VARIABLES NOT COVERED IN A SINGLE OTHER SUBCLASS; TARIFF METERING APPARATUS; MEASURING OR TESTING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G01D11/00Component parts of measuring arrangements not specially adapted for a specific variable
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01DMEASURING NOT SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR A SPECIFIC VARIABLE; ARRANGEMENTS FOR MEASURING TWO OR MORE VARIABLES NOT COVERED IN A SINGLE OTHER SUBCLASS; TARIFF METERING APPARATUS; MEASURING OR TESTING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G01D21/00Measuring or testing not otherwise provided for
    • G01D21/02Measuring two or more variables by means not covered by a single other subclass
    • GPHYSICS
    • G05CONTROLLING; REGULATING
    • G05BCONTROL OR REGULATING SYSTEMS IN GENERAL; FUNCTIONAL ELEMENTS OF SUCH SYSTEMS; MONITORING OR TESTING ARRANGEMENTS FOR SUCH SYSTEMS OR ELEMENTS
    • G05B19/00Programme-control systems
    • G05B19/02Programme-control systems electric
    • G05B19/04Programme control other than numerical control, i.e. in sequence controllers or logic controllers
    • G05B19/042Programme control other than numerical control, i.e. in sequence controllers or logic controllers using digital processors
    • G05B19/0428Safety, monitoring
    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08CTRANSMISSION SYSTEMS FOR MEASURED VALUES, CONTROL OR SIMILAR SIGNALS
    • G08C17/00Arrangements for transmitting signals characterised by the use of a wireless electrical link
    • G08C17/02Arrangements for transmitting signals characterised by the use of a wireless electrical link using a radio link
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J7/00Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries
    • H02J7/34Parallel operation in networks using both storage and other dc sources, e.g. providing buffering
    • H02J7/35Parallel operation in networks using both storage and other dc sources, e.g. providing buffering with light sensitive cells
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04NPICTORIAL COMMUNICATION, e.g. TELEVISION
    • H04N5/00Details of television systems
    • H04N5/222Studio circuitry; Studio devices; Studio equipment ; Cameras comprising an electronic image sensor, e.g. digital cameras, video cameras, TV cameras, video cameras, camcorders, webcams, camera modules for embedding in other devices, e.g. mobile phones, computers or vehicles
    • H04N5/225Television cameras ; Cameras comprising an electronic image sensor, e.g. digital cameras, video cameras, camcorders, webcams, camera modules specially adapted for being embedded in other devices, e.g. mobile phones, computers or vehicles
    • H04N5/2251Constructional details
    • H04N5/2253Mounting of pick-up device, electronic image sensor, deviation or focusing coils
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04NPICTORIAL COMMUNICATION, e.g. TELEVISION
    • H04N5/00Details of television systems
    • H04N5/30Transforming light or analogous information into electric information
    • H04N5/33Transforming infra-red radiation
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A90/00Technologies having an indirect contribution to adaptation to climate change
    • Y02A90/30Assessment of water resources

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of remote hydrographics to monitor system, including elevating mechanism, telescoping mechanism, water level sensor, flow sensor, infrared camera and control cabinet;Telescoping mechanism is mounted on the top of elevating mechanism;Control cabinet is mounted on telescoping mechanism;Water level sensor, flow sensor and the equal suspension type of infrared camera are mounted on the downside of control cabinet;Power module, controller, memory and G communication module are equipped in control cabinet.The remote hydrographic, which monitors system, can be sent to remote control center for the waterlevel data, flow speed data and image information in river using 4G communication module, to realize long-range unmanned monitoring;Position and the height adjustment that can be realized control cabinet using telescoping mechanism and elevating mechanism meet the installation of all kinds of big river channels, have preferable versatility.

Description

A kind of remote hydrographic monitoring system
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of hydrologic monitoring system, especially a kind of remote hydrographic monitors system.
Background technique
Currently, a part is to carry out inspection using artificial, and a part is using fixed point installation monitoring in terms of hydrologic monitoring Equipment, then by monitoring center Centralized Monitoring.It is all various according to the customization of river situation mostly when fixed point installs monitoring device Monitoring device, poor universality are unfavorable for the popularization and use of intelligent monitoring.It is therefore desirable to design a kind of remote hydrographic monitoring System can be realized long-range unmanned monitoring, and can satisfy the installation of all kinds of big river channels, improve the general of detection device installation Property.
Summary of the invention
Goal of the invention: providing a kind of remote hydrographic monitoring system, can be realized long-range unmanned monitoring, and can satisfy all kinds of The installation of big river channel, has preferable versatility.
Technical solution: remote hydrographic of the present invention monitors system, including elevating mechanism, telescoping mechanism, level sensor Device, flow sensor, infrared camera and control cabinet;
Telescoping mechanism is mounted on the top of elevating mechanism, realizes lift adjustment by elevating mechanism driving telescoping mechanism;Control Case is mounted on telescoping mechanism, by telescoping mechanism drive control box transverse shifting;Water level sensor, flow sensor and infrared The equal suspension type of camera is mounted on the downside of control cabinet;In control cabinet be equipped with power module, controller, memory and G communication module;Controller is electric with memory, G communication module, water level sensor, flow sensor and infrared camera respectively Connection;Power module is respectively controller, memory, G communication module, water level sensor, flow sensor and infrared photography Head power supply.
Further, precipitation rain fall sensor is installed at the top of control cabinet;Controller is electrically connected with precipitation rain fall sensor;Power supply Module is precipitation rain fall sensor power supply.
Further, elevating mechanism includes mounting base, vertical upright column, lifting square column, lifting screw and hi/local crank; Vertical upright column is vertically fixedly mounted on mounting base, and the installed position of vertical upright column and mounting base is provided with triangle Gusset;Lifting square hole is axially arranged in the upper end edge of vertical upright column;Lifting square column is vertically inserted into lifting jack, and is being gone up and down The lower end edge of square column is axially arranged with screw hole;The lower end of lifting screw is mounted in lifting square hole by rotary support, goes up and down spiral shell The upper end of bar is vertically protruded into screw hole, and lifting seat is fixedly installed in screw hole;Elevating screw thread is equipped on lifting seat Hole, lifting screw threaded engagement are mounted on elevating screw thread hole;Driven umbrella tooth is installed on the lower end of lifting screw;Lifting is shaken Being rotatably mounted on vertical upright column, and the rotary shaft of hi/local crank protrudes into lifting jack, and the fixed peace on inserting end Equipped with the driving umbrella tooth being meshed with driven umbrella tooth;Telescoping mechanism is mounted on the upper end of lifting square column.
Further, telescoping mechanism includes lateral square tube, lateral inserted link, expansion screw and flexible crank;Lateral square tube End vertical be mounted on lifting square column upper end on, and lateral square tube and lifting square column installed position be equipped with reinforce Gusset;Lateral inserted link is inserted into lateral square tube, and flexible driving threaded hole is equipped on the insertion end of lateral inserted link;It is flexible Crank is rotatably mounted on lifting square column;One end of expansion screw is inserted into lateral square tube and threaded engagement is mounted on flexible drive On dynamic threaded hole;The other end of expansion screw and the rotary shaft of flexible crank are connected to each other;Control cabinet is mounted on the outer of lateral inserted link On end.
Further, a cross bracket is fixedly installed at the top of lifting square column;At four of cross bracket A solar panel is tiltedly installed on end;Solar charging circuit is provided in control cabinet;Four solar energy Solar panel is charged by the battery that solar charging circuit is power module.
Further, flow sensor is mounted on the downside of control cabinet by tilt adjustable hanger suspending formula;Inclination angle Adjustable hanger includes suspending rod, U-board frame and two angle positioning bolts;The threaded upper ends of suspending rod are mounted on control cabinet On downside, the lower end of suspending rod is fixedly mounted on U-board frame;Two are equipped on the cylindrical housing sidewall of flow sensor A rotary table, and two rotary tables are located on same axis;An angle locking threaded hole is equipped on two rotary tables;Flow-velocity sensing Device is located between the both side plate of U-board frame;The both side plate rear thread that two angle positioning bolts extend through U-board frame screws peace On the angle locking threaded hole of two sides.
Further, plantation rubber ring set is equipped in the cylindrical shell front end sleeve of flow sensor;On rubber ring set Equipped with the water fender extended to flow sensor front end.
Further, infrared camera is mounted on the downside of control cabinet by motorized adjustment cradle hangs formula;It is electronic Adjusting bracket includes fixed derrick, U-board seat and pitching driving motor;The electricity being electrically connected with the controller is equipped in control cabinet Drive circuit;Fixed derrick is vertically fixedly mounted on the downside of control cabinet, and U-board seat is fixedly mounted on fixed derrick On lower end;An angular adjustment shaft is rotatably installed between two pieces of parallel side plates of U-board seat;Infrared camera Rear end is fixedly mounted in angular adjustment shaft;Pitching driving motor is fixedly mounted on the outside of one piece of parallel side plate of U-board seat Bian Shang, and the output shaft of pitching driving motor is connected to each other with angular adjustment shaft;Controller is bowed by motor-drive circuit driving Driving motor positive and negative rotation work is faced upward, power module is motor-drive circuit power supply.
Further, the top in U-board seat and positioned at angular adjustment shaft is equipped with Wiper rubber seat;In Wiper rubber The downside of seat is equipped with arc-shaped slot, and the fluting direction of arc-shaped slot and angular adjustment shaft are perpendicular;In arc-shaped slot It is inside spaced apart and is provided with each arc rubber wiper blade;It is infrared after infrared camera is rotated upwards around angular adjustment shaft The spherical surface camera lens of camera and the inner arc edge of arc rubber wiper blade, which are affixed consolidation and show spherical surface camera lens, scrapes water.
Further, it is equipped with side side inclination water fender in the downside edge of control cabinet, by four pieces of sides It tilts water fender and constitutes water blocking enclosing;Clump weight is installed on the sensing head of water level sensor;Clump weight by truncated conical head, Four vertical struts and cross strut are constituted;Central axis is provided with installation circular hole in truncated conical head, and is installing The hole wall of circular hole is equipped with rubber extruded item;The sensing head of water level sensor is vertically inserted into peace by the cone bottom of truncated conical head It fills on circular hole, and the sensing head of water level sensor is extended downwardly by the truncation portion of truncated conical head;The sensing head of water level sensor Fixation is mutually squeezed with rubber extruded item;Four vertical struts are vertically fixed on the conical surface of truncated conical head, vertical strut It is parallel with the installation center line of circular hole;The lower end of four vertical struts, which is respectively perpendicular, is fixedly mounted on four of cross strut On sub-support boom end.
Compared with prior art, the present invention the beneficial effect is that: using 4G communication module can by the waterlevel data in river, Flow speed data and image information are sent to remote control center, to realize long-range unmanned monitoring;Utilize telescoping mechanism and liter Descending mechanism can be realized position and the height adjustment of control cabinet, meet the installation of all kinds of big river channels, have preferable versatility.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is overall structure diagram of the invention;
Fig. 2 is Wiper rubber seat schematic cross-sectional view of the invention;
Fig. 3 is electrical block diagram of the invention;
Fig. 4 is counterweight block structure schematic diagram of the invention.
Specific embodiment
Technical solution of the present invention is described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawing, but protection scope of the present invention is not limited to The embodiment.
Embodiment 1:
As shown in Figs 1-4, remote hydrographic monitoring system disclosed by the invention includes: elevating mechanism, telescoping mechanism, water level biography Sensor 29, flow sensor 27, infrared camera 34 and control cabinet 8;
Telescoping mechanism is mounted on the top of elevating mechanism, realizes lift adjustment by elevating mechanism driving telescoping mechanism;Control Case 8 is mounted on telescoping mechanism, by 8 transverse shifting of telescoping mechanism drive control box;Water level sensor 29, flow sensor 27 with And the equal suspension type of infrared camera 34 is mounted on the downside of control cabinet 8;In control cabinet 8 be equipped with power module, controller, Memory and 4G communication module;Controller respectively with memory, 4G communication module, water level sensor 29, flow sensor 27 And infrared camera 34 is electrically connected;Power module is respectively controller, memory, 4G communication module, water level sensor 29, stream Fast sensor 27 and infrared camera 34 are powered.
The waterlevel data, flow speed data and image information in river can be sent to long-range control using 4G communication module Center, to realize long-range unmanned monitoring;It can be realized the position of control cabinet 8 using telescoping mechanism and elevating mechanism and height adjusted Section, meets the installation of all kinds of big river channels, has preferable versatility.
Further, precipitation rain fall sensor 22 is installed at the top of control cabinet 8;Controller is electrically connected with precipitation rain fall sensor 22 It connects;Power module is the power supply of precipitation rain fall sensor 22.The rainfall at river can be examined in real time using precipitation rain fall sensor 22 It surveys, to obtain the rainfall information at river location and remotely send.
Further, elevating mechanism includes mounting base 1, vertical upright column 2, lifting square column 4, lifting screw 15 and lifting Crank 18;Vertical upright column 2 is vertically fixedly mounted on mounting base 1, and in the installation site of vertical upright column 2 and mounting base 1 Place is provided with triangle gusset 3;Lifting square hole 13 is axially arranged in the upper end edge of vertical upright column 2;Lifting square column 4 is vertically inserted into liter It drops in jack 13, and is axially arranged with screw hole 14 in the lower end edge of lifting square column 4;The lower end of lifting screw 15 passes through rotary support 11 are mounted in lifting square hole 13, and the upper end of lifting screw 15 is vertically protruded into screw hole 14, and the fixed peace in screw hole 14 Equipped with lifting seat 12;Elevating screw thread hole is equipped on lifting seat 12,15 threaded engagement of lifting screw is mounted on elevating screw thread hole; Driven umbrella tooth 16 is installed on the lower end of lifting screw 15;Hi/local crank 18 is rotatably mounted on vertical upright column 2, and is gone up and down The rotary shaft of crank 18 protrudes into lifting jack 13, and the driving being meshed with driven umbrella tooth 16 is fixedly installed on inserting end Umbrella tooth 17;Telescoping mechanism is mounted on the upper end of lifting square column 4.Using hi/local crank 18 come rotation and lifting screw rod 15, to adjust Section lifting square column 4 stretches out the length of vertical upright column 2, to adjust the height that control cabinet 8 is located above river, meets height and installs It is required that;Lifting screw 15 is set to inside, can be avoided the outdoor rust corrosion in upside.
Further, telescoping mechanism includes lateral square tube 5, lateral inserted link 6, expansion screw 19 and flexible crank 20;It is horizontal It is mounted on to the end vertical of square tube 5 on the upper end of lifting square column 4, and in the installation site of lateral square tube 5 and lifting square column 4 Place is equipped with stiffener plate 21;Lateral inserted link 6 is inserted into lateral square tube 5, and is equipped with and is stretched on the insertion end of lateral inserted link 6 Drive threaded hole;Flexible crank 20 is rotatably mounted on lifting square column 4;One end of expansion screw 19 is inserted into lateral square tube 5 And threaded engagement is mounted on flexible driving threaded hole;The other end of expansion screw 19 is opposite with the rotary shaft of flexible crank 20 It connects;Control cabinet 8 is mounted on the outer end of lateral inserted link 6.Using flexible crank 20 come rotary extension screw rod 19, to adjust cross The length of lateral square tube 5 is stretched out to inserted link 6, to adjust the position that control cabinet 8 is located above river, is met river width and is wanted It asks.
Further, a cross bracket 10 is fixedly installed at the top of lifting square column 4;In cross bracket 10 A solar panel 9 is tiltedly installed on four ends;Solar charging circuit is provided in control cabinet 8;Four Solar panel 9 is charged by the battery that solar charging circuit is power module.Using solar panel 9 and too Positive energy charging circuit can charge to the battery of power module under conditions of sunny, enhance the continuation of the journey of battery Ability.
Further, flow sensor 27 is mounted on the downside of control cabinet 8 by tilt adjustable hanger suspending formula;Incline Angle adjustable hanger includes suspending rod 24, U-board frame 25 and two angle positioning bolts 26;The threaded upper ends of suspending rod 24 are installed On the downside of control cabinet 8, the lower end of suspending rod 24 is fixedly mounted on U-board frame 25;In the cylinder of flow sensor 27 Rotary table 23 there are two being set in shape housing sidewall, and two rotary tables 23 are located on same axis;One is equipped on two rotary tables 23 A angle locks threaded hole;Flow sensor 27 is located between the both side plate of U-board frame 25;Two angle positioning bolts 26 are distinguished Both side plate rear thread through U-board frame 25 screws on the angle locking threaded hole for being mounted on two sides.It is positioned using two angles Bolt 26 can the angle during installation to flow sensor 27 fixation is adjusted.
Further, plantation rubber ring set 28 is equipped in the cylindrical shell front end sleeve of flow sensor 27;In rubber ring Set 28 is equipped with the water fender 30 extended to 27 front end of flow sensor.Using plantation rubber ring set 28 in 27 front end of flow sensor Water fender 30 is set, and in flow sensor 27 to when adjusting on rear side of front side or phase, can rotation rubber annulus set 28, thus Ensuring water fender 30 always can be set above 27 front end of flow sensor.
Further, infrared camera 34 is mounted on the downside of control cabinet 8 by motorized adjustment cradle hangs formula;Electricity Dynamic adjusting bracket includes fixed derrick 31, U-board seat 32 and pitching driving motor 35;It is equipped in control cabinet 8 and controller The motor-drive circuit of electrical connection;Fixed derrick 31 is vertically fixedly mounted on the downside of control cabinet 8, and U-board seat 32 is fixed It is mounted on the lower end of fixed derrick 31;An angle is rotatably installed between two pieces of parallel side plates of U-board seat 32 Adjust shaft 33;The rear end of infrared camera 34 is fixedly mounted in angular adjustment shaft 33;The fixed peace of pitching driving motor 35 In one piece of parallel side plate outer side edges of U-board seat 32, and the output shaft of pitching driving motor 35 and angular adjustment shaft 33 It is connected to each other;Controller drives 35 positive and negative rotation of pitching driving motor work by motor-drive circuit, and power module is motor driven Circuit power supply.It adjusts shaft 33 using 35 driving angle of pitching driving motor to rotate, to adjust the shooting of infrared camera 34 Angle meets multi-angled shooting requirement.
Further, the top in U-board seat 32 and positioned at angular adjustment shaft 33 is equipped with Wiper rubber seat 36;It is scraping The downside of water rubber base 36 is equipped with arc-shaped slot 37, and the fluting direction of arc-shaped slot 37 is hung down with 33 phase of angular adjustment shaft Directly;It is spaced apart in arc-shaped slot 37 and is provided with each arc rubber wiper blade 38;Infrared camera 34 surrounds angular adjustment For shaft 33 upwards after rotation, the spherical surface camera lens of infrared camera 34 and the inner arc edge of arc rubber wiper blade 38 are affixed consolidation Existing spherical surface camera lens scrapes water.Using arc rubber wiper blade 38 can the spherical surface camera lens to infrared camera 34 scrape water and clear up, Ensure camera shooting clear, it is ensured that the shooting effect of video or image;It can be with infrared camera 34 using arc-shaped slot 37 Spherical surface camera lens match.
Further, it is equipped with side side inclination water fender 7 in the downside edge of control cabinet 8, by four pieces of sides Side tilts water fender 7 and constitutes water blocking enclosing;Clump weight is installed on the sensing head of water level sensor 29;Clump weight is justified by truncation Conehead 39, four vertical struts 42 and cross strut 43 are constituted;Central axis is provided with installation in truncated conical head 39 Circular hole 40, and rubber extruded item 41 is axially arranged with along it on the hole wall of installation circular hole 40;The sensing head of water level sensor 29 by The cone bottom of truncated conical head 39 is vertically inserted on installation circular hole 40, and the sensing head of water level sensor 29 is by truncated conical head 39 truncation portion extends downwardly;The sensing head of water level sensor 29 is squeezed with 41 phase of rubber extruded item and is fixed;Four vertical struts 42 are vertically fixed on the conical surface of truncated conical head 39, and vertical strut 42 is parallel with the installation center line of circular hole 40;Four The lower end of the vertical strut 42 of root is respectively perpendicular on four sub-support boom ends for being fixedly mounted on cross strut 43.Utilize counterweight Block can ensure that the sensing head of water level sensor 29 riverbed will not be washed from the case where streamflow is rapid, can also prevent The connection cables of sensing head pull sensing head to be displaced under flow action, it is ensured that the sensing head of water level sensor 29, which is stablized to be located at, to be thrown At throwing point, truncated conical head 39 plays counterweight effect, and the bracket that four vertical struts 42 and cross strut 43 are constituted can make The sensing head flying shore for obtaining water level sensor 29, preventing from being pressed into influences measurement in mud;It can be right using inclination water fender 7 The downside surrounding of control cabinet 8 carries out water blocking, prevents rainwater from converging to the bottom of control cabinet 8, avoids flow sensor 27 and red Outer camera 34 is invaded by rainwater for a long time.
In remote hydrographic monitoring system disclosed by the invention, controller uses existing controller module, such as FPGA to control Device module processed, can receive and dispatch control signal;Memory is constituted using existing storage chip;Water level sensor 29 is using existing Throw-in type liquid level sensor is used for real-time detection river water level;Flow sensor 27 uses existing ultrasonic flow velocity sensors, For acquiring water velocity in river in real time;Infrared camera 34 uses existing infrared camera, for acquiring river in real time Realtime graphic;Precipitation rain fall sensor 22 uses existing tipping bucket type rainfall bucket, for acquiring real-time rainfall information;Motor-drive circuit Using existing stepper motor driving circuit;Pitching driving motor 35 uses existing stepper motor;4G communication module is using existing Some 4G communication modules, for realizing remote data transmission;Positive energy solar panel 9 uses existing solar panel, and passes through Matched solar charging circuit is that the battery of power module charges.
When in use, mounting base 1 is fixedly mounted on river side for remote hydrographic monitoring system disclosed by the invention, The adjustable height that lifting square column 4 is adjusted further according to the mounting height of the point of measurement, according to the lateral inserted link 6 of river width adjusting Extension elongation so that each sensor test point generally within river medium position at;By the detection of water level sensor 29 End investment water in, and by clump weight 39 carry out it is relatively fixed after demarcated, determine between measured value and actual water level value Transformational relation;In monitoring, by the waterlevel data in 29 real-time detection river of water level sensor, by 27 real-time detection of flow sensor Water velocity data in river, by the rainfall above 22 real-time detection river of precipitation rain fall sensor, by 34 timing of infrared camera Or image taking acquisition in river is carried out according to remote command;By 4G communication module by precipitation rain fall sensor 22, flow sensor 27, The acquisition remote data of water level sensor 29 and infrared camera 34 is sent to monitoring center, to realize the remote of hydrographic data Journey monitoring;Under the conditions of bright and clear, solar panel 9 is the electric power storage of power module by matched solar charging circuit It charges in pond.
As described above, must not be explained although the present invention has been indicated and described referring to specific preferred embodiment For the limitation to invention itself.It without prejudice to the spirit and scope of the invention as defined in the appended claims, can be right Various changes can be made in the form and details for it.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of remote hydrographic monitors system, it is characterised in that: including elevating mechanism, telescoping mechanism, water level sensor (29), stream Fast sensor (27), infrared camera (34) and control cabinet (8);
Telescoping mechanism is mounted on the top of elevating mechanism, realizes lift adjustment by elevating mechanism driving telescoping mechanism;Control cabinet (8) It is mounted on telescoping mechanism, by telescoping mechanism drive control box (8) transverse shifting;Water level sensor (29), flow sensor (27) and infrared camera (34) suspension type is mounted on the downside of control cabinet (8);Power supply is equipped in control cabinet (8) Module, controller, memory and 4G communication module;Controller respectively with memory, 4G communication module, water level sensor (29), flow sensor (27) and infrared camera (34) electrical connection;Power module is respectively controller, memory, 4G logical Believe module, water level sensor (29), flow sensor (27) and infrared camera (34) power supply.
2. remote hydrographic according to claim 1 monitors system, it is characterised in that: be equipped at the top of control cabinet (8) Precipitation rain fall sensor (22);Controller is electrically connected with precipitation rain fall sensor (22);Power module is precipitation rain fall sensor (22) power supply.
3. remote hydrographic according to claim 1 monitors system, it is characterised in that: elevating mechanism include mounting base (1), Vertical upright column (2), lifting square column (4), lifting screw (15) and hi/local crank (18);Vertical upright column (2) is vertically fixedly mounted On mounting base (1), and the installed position in vertical upright column (2) and mounting base (1) is provided with triangle gusset (3);In The upper end edge of vertical upright column (2) is axially arranged with lifting square hole (13);Lifting square column (4) is vertically inserted into lifting jack (13), And screw hole (14) are axially arranged in the lower end edge of lifting square column (4);The lower end of lifting screw (15) passes through rotary support (11) It is mounted in lifting square hole (13), the upper end of lifting screw (15) is vertically protruded into screw hole (14), and in screw hole (14) It is fixedly installed with lifting seat (12);Elevating screw thread hole is equipped on lifting seat (12), lifting screw (15) threaded engagement is mounted on On elevating screw thread hole;Driven umbrella tooth (16) are installed on the lower end of lifting screw (15);Hi/local crank (18) is rotatably installed On vertical upright column (2), and the rotary shaft of hi/local crank (18) protrudes into lifting jack (13), and is fixedly mounted on inserting end There is the driving umbrella tooth (17) being meshed with driven umbrella tooth (16);Telescoping mechanism is mounted on the upper end of lifting square column (4).
4. remote hydrographic according to claim 1 monitors system, it is characterised in that: telescoping mechanism include lateral square tube (5), Lateral inserted link (6), expansion screw (19) and flexible crank (20);The end vertical of lateral square tube (5) is mounted on lifting square column (4) on upper end, and stiffener plate (21) are equipped in the installed position of lateral square tube (5) and lifting square column (4);Laterally insert Bar (6) is inserted into lateral square tube (5), and flexible driving threaded hole is equipped on the insertion end of lateral inserted link (6);It is flexible to shake (20) are rotatably mounted in lifting square column (4);One end of expansion screw (19) is inserted into lateral square tube (5) and threaded engagement It is mounted on flexible driving threaded hole;The other end of expansion screw (19) and the rotary shaft of flexible crank (20) are connected to each other;Control Case (8) is mounted on the outer end of lateral inserted link (6).
5. remote hydrographic according to claim 1 monitors system, it is characterised in that: fixed at the top of lifting square column (4) One cross bracket (10) is installed;A solar-electricity is tiltedly installed on four ends of cross bracket (10) Pond plate (9);Solar charging circuit is provided in control cabinet (8);Four solar panels (9) pass through solar recharging electricity Road is that the battery of power module charges.
6. remote hydrographic according to claim 1 monitors system, it is characterised in that: flow sensor (27) can by inclination angle Hanger suspending formula is adjusted to be mounted on the downside of control cabinet (8);Tilt adjustable hanger includes suspending rod (24), U-board frame (25) And two angle positioning bolts (26);The threaded upper ends of suspending rod (24) are mounted on the downside of control cabinet (8), suspending rod (24) lower end is fixedly mounted on U-board frame (25);There are two being set on the cylindrical housing sidewall of flow sensor (27) Rotary table (23), and two rotary tables (23) are located on same axis;An angle locking screw is equipped on two rotary tables (23) Hole;Flow sensor (27) is located between the both side plate of U-board frame (25);Two angle positioning bolts (26) extend through U-shaped The both side plate rear thread of grillage (25), which screws, to be mounted on the angle locking threaded hole of two sides.
7. remote hydrographic according to claim 6 monitors system, it is characterised in that: the cylindrical shape in flow sensor (27) Housing forward end is arranged with plantation rubber ring set (28);It is equipped on plantation rubber ring set (28) and extends to flow sensor (27) front end Water fender (30).
8. remote hydrographic according to claim 1 monitors system, it is characterised in that: infrared camera (34) passes through electric adjustable Section cradle hangs formula is mounted on the downside of control cabinet (8);Motorized adjustment bracket includes fixed derrick (31), U-board seat (32) and pitching driving motor (35);The motor-drive circuit being electrically connected with the controller is equipped in control cabinet (8);Fixation is hung Bar (31) is vertically fixedly mounted on the downside of control cabinet (8), and U-board seat (32) is fixedly mounted under fixed derrick (31) On end;One angular adjustment shaft (33) is rotatably installed between two pieces of parallel side plates of U-board seat (32);It is infrared to take the photograph As the rear end of head (34) is fixedly mounted on angular adjustment shaft (33);Pitching driving motor (35) is fixedly mounted on U-board seat (32) in one piece of parallel side plate outer side edges, and the output shaft of pitching driving motor (35) and angular adjustment shaft (33) are opposite It connects;Controller drives pitching driving motor (35) positive and negative rotation work by motor-drive circuit, and power module is motor driven electricity Road power supply.
9. remote hydrographic according to claim 8 monitors system, it is characterised in that: in U-board seat (32) and be located at angle The top that degree adjusts shaft (33) is equipped with Wiper rubber seat (36);Arc-shaped slot is equipped on the downside of Wiper rubber seat (36) (37), and the fluting direction of arc-shaped slot (37) and angular adjustment shaft (33) are perpendicular;The interval point in arc-shaped slot (37) Cloth is provided with each arc rubber wiper blade (38);After infrared camera (34) rotates upwards around angular adjustment shaft (33), The inner arc edge of the spherical surface camera lens of infrared camera (34) and arc rubber wiper blade (38), which is affixed consolidation and shows spherical surface camera lens, to be scraped Water.
10. remote hydrographic according to claim 1 monitors system, it is characterised in that: in the downside surrounding of control cabinet (8) Edge is equipped with side side inclination water fender (7), constitutes water blocking enclosing by four pieces of side inclinations water fender (7);It is passed in water level Clump weight is installed on the sensing head of sensor (29);Clump weight is by truncated conical head (39), four vertical struts (42) and ten Word strut (43) is constituted;Central axis is provided with installation circular hole (40) on truncated conical head (39), and in installation circular hole (40) hole wall is equipped with rubber extruded item (41);The sensing head of water level sensor (29) by truncated conical head (39) cone bottom It is vertically inserted into installation circular hole (40), and the sensing head of water level sensor (29) is downward by the truncation portion of truncated conical head (39) It stretches out;The sensing head of water level sensor (29) mutually squeezes fixation with rubber extruded item (41);Four vertical struts (42) are vertically solid Fixed to be arranged on the conical surface of truncated conical head (39), vertical strut (42) is parallel with the installation center line of circular hole (40);Four The lower end of vertical strut (42) is respectively perpendicular on four sub-support boom ends for being fixedly mounted on cross strut (43).
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