CN110526671A - A kind of grain composition method of city-wall brick raw material modelled after an antique - Google Patents

A kind of grain composition method of city-wall brick raw material modelled after an antique Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110526671A
CN110526671A CN201910887027.XA CN201910887027A CN110526671A CN 110526671 A CN110526671 A CN 110526671A CN 201910887027 A CN201910887027 A CN 201910887027A CN 110526671 A CN110526671 A CN 110526671A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
raw
aggregate
city
antique
modelled
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201910887027.XA
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
袁东海
谢博宣
谢祥
郭传杰
黄强
任巧雷
许运成
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Mengjin Qingcheng Ancient Building Products Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Mengjin Qingcheng Ancient Building Products Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Mengjin Qingcheng Ancient Building Products Co Ltd filed Critical Mengjin Qingcheng Ancient Building Products Co Ltd
Priority to CN201910887027.XA priority Critical patent/CN110526671A/en
Publication of CN110526671A publication Critical patent/CN110526671A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/08Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/18Drum screens
    • B07B1/22Revolving drums
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B33/00Clay-wares
    • C04B33/02Preparing or treating the raw materials individually or as batches
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B33/00Clay-wares
    • C04B33/02Preparing or treating the raw materials individually or as batches
    • C04B33/025Mixtures of materials with different sizes

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of grain composition methods of city-wall brick raw material modelled after an antique, it is characterized in that, raw material including following parts by weight proportion: 35-45 parts of filler material, 18-28 parts of aggregate, 35-45 parts of moulding material, the filler material, aggregate and moulding material are at least one of clay, shale, kaolinite, montmorillonite, illite, chlorite, calcite, bloodstone and albite.The grain composition method of the city-wall brick raw material modelled after an antique, by adjusting the grain composition of each raw material, the maximum gauge of aggregate is controlled within 2mm, and it is carried out repeatedly shaking feeding with drum screen, to control the accounting between each material from source, and then the cohesive force between different material is increased, thus the problems such as effectively avoiding the easily-deformable and crackle that green body occurs since stress is concentrated.

Description

A kind of grain composition method of city-wall brick raw material modelled after an antique
Technical field
The present invention relates to wall brick manufacturing technology field, specially a kind of grain composition method of city-wall brick raw material modelled after an antique.
Background technique
In building materials modelled after an antique, mechanism city wall turns since the volume of brick is larger, its technical requirements is very high on production process, Slightly carelessness will result in quality problems, so must be from raw material and broken, molding and each link work such as dry, sintering and reduction In skill, special manufacture technique should be used.
Raw material and broken:
In raw material selection and proportion, it should be noted that the rational proportion of aggregate and the partial size of particle.Machine made brick and hand-made brick are in original Material has very big difference, the requirement not excessive to ingredient requirement of manual city-wall brick, the not big area with other common bricks on requiring Not, but mechanism city-wall brick is due at the time of molding, using extrusion pressure and extracting vacuum technology, adobe compactness after molding Height, this highdensity green body are that subsequent product has laid high-intensitive, low water absorption basis, but is also faced with green body stress The problems such as high easily-deformable, crackle.Trace it to its cause be due to molding when using 16% or so moulding moisture, these moisture are rear During continuous drying and dehydrating, green body due to moisture loss and generate dry contraction, when shrink generate stress focus on brick The a certain position of base and exceed adobe itself bonding force when, adobe will be cracked.Common adobe is produced due to small volume Raw stress is weaker, and the stress that city-wall brick generates is then larger.Although hand-made brick moulding moisture is greater than machine made brick, due to not having External force, green body compactness is lower, and when drying process generates shrinkage stress, generation has been received in intergranular loose space Stress, so manual adobe is not in crackle, but it is corresponding be exactly product intensity it is low, water absorption rate is high etc., and quality are scarce It falls into.To solve city-wall brick quality problems after molding, the ratio and partial size of aggregate must be fully considered in raw material proportioning, works as bone When material and partial size are reasonable, adobe seminess declines to a great extent.
Summary of the invention
(1) the technical issues of solving
In view of the deficiencies of the prior art, the present invention provides a kind of grain composition method of city-wall brick raw material modelled after an antique, have The advantages that brick body sintering effect is preferable, sintering qualification rate is high, seminess reduces, solves sintering effect in previous preparation process Problem bad, sintering qualification rate is low and cracks are more.
(2) technical solution
To realize that above-mentioned brick body sintering effect is preferable, sintering qualification rate is high, the purpose of seminess reduction, the present invention is provided Following technical solution: a kind of grain composition method of city-wall brick raw material modelled after an antique, the raw material including following parts by weight proportion: filling 35-45 parts of material, 18-28 parts of aggregate, 35-45 parts of moulding material, the filler material, aggregate and moulding material are clay, shale, kaolinite At least one of stone, montmorillonite, illite, chlorite, calcite, bloodstone and albite.
Preferably, the total content of di-iron trioxide is 6%-8% in the filler material, aggregate and moulding material.
Preferably, the aggregate need to be crushed crusher machine, carried out sieve with sieve after broken and taken, control maximum particle diameter exists 2mm or less.
Preferably, the chemical raw material contained in the filler material, aggregate and moulding material has silica, aluminium oxide, three oxygen Change two iron, titanium dioxide, potassium oxide and sodium oxide molybdena.
Preferably, the silica, aluminium oxide, di-iron trioxide, titanium dioxide, potassium oxide and sodium oxide molybdena are in material Total accounting between 20%-45%.
Preferably, comprising the following steps:
1) raw material is chosen;
2) raw material components for choosing completion are detected, controls each component content within defined section;
3) raw material is crushed, crushing plant uses hammer mill, is crushed repeatedly, and small particle aggregate is obtained;
4) aggregate after the completion of broken crusher machine is collected, raw material is carried out at screening with the drum screen of 2mm partial size Reason, the material under being unscreened continue to return to crusher progress break process;
5) aggregate, filler material and moulding material are mixed by a certain percentage, completes grain composition.
(3) beneficial effect
Compared with prior art, the present invention provides a kind of grain composition method of city-wall brick raw material modelled after an antique, have following The utility model has the advantages that
The grain composition method of the city-wall brick raw material modelled after an antique, by adjusting the grain composition of each raw material, by the maximum of aggregate Diameter control is carried out repeatedly shaking feeding with drum screen within 2mm, to control accounting between each material from source Than, and then the cohesive force between different material is increased, occur easy to effectively avoid green body since stress is concentrated The problems such as deformation and crackle.
Specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with the embodiment of the present invention, technical solution in the embodiment of the present invention is clearly and completely retouched It states, it is clear that described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.Based on the present invention In embodiment, every other implementation obtained by those of ordinary skill in the art without making creative efforts Example, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
A kind of grain composition method of city-wall brick raw material modelled after an antique, which is characterized in that the original including following parts by weight proportion Material: 35-45 parts of filler material, 18-28 parts of aggregate, 35-45 parts of moulding material, the filler material, aggregate and moulding material are clay, page At least one of rock, kaolinite, montmorillonite, illite, chlorite, calcite, bloodstone and albite, aggregate need to be through broken Crusher machine is coarse aggregate and fine aggregate, carries out sieve with sieve after broken and takes, coarse aggregate controls maximum particle diameter in 2mm hereinafter, institute Stating the chemical raw material contained in filler material, aggregate and moulding material has silica, aluminium oxide, di-iron trioxide, titanium dioxide, oxygen Change potassium and sodium oxide molybdena, the silica, aluminium oxide, di-iron trioxide, titanium dioxide, potassium oxide and sodium oxide molybdena are in material Total accounting follows following steps in configuration process: 1) choosing to raw material between 20%-45%;2) selection is completed Raw material components detected, control each component content within defined section;3) raw material is crushed, crushing plant is adopted It with hammer mill, is crushed repeatedly, obtains small particle aggregate;4) aggregate after the completion of broken crusher machine is collected, is used The drum screen of 2mm partial size carries out Screening Treatment to raw material, and the material under being unscreened continues to return to crusher progress break process;5) will Aggregate, filler material and moulding material are mixed by a certain percentage, complete grain composition.
Embodiment one:
A kind of grain composition method of city-wall brick raw material modelled after an antique, the raw material including following weight proportion: filler material 35%, bone Material 25%, moulding material 40%, the filler material, aggregate and moulding material be clay, shale, kaolinite, montmorillonite, illite, green At least one of mudstone, calcite, bloodstone and albite pass through the qualification rate of the brick of the resulting sintering of such raw material proportioning It is 90%.
Embodiment two:
A kind of grain composition method of city-wall brick raw material modelled after an antique, the raw material including following weight proportion: filler material 39%, bone Material 22%, moulding material 39%, the filler material, aggregate and moulding material be clay, shale, kaolinite, montmorillonite, illite, green At least one of mudstone, calcite, bloodstone and albite pass through the qualification rate of the brick of the resulting sintering of such raw material proportioning It is 95%.
Embodiment three:
A kind of grain composition method of city-wall brick raw material modelled after an antique, the raw material including following weight proportion: filler material 42%, bone Material 20%, moulding material 38%, the filler material, aggregate and moulding material be clay, shale, kaolinite, montmorillonite, illite, green At least one of mudstone, calcite, bloodstone and albite pass through the qualification rate of the brick of the resulting sintering of such raw material proportioning It is 93%.
The beneficial effects of the present invention are: the grain composition method of the city-wall brick raw material modelled after an antique, by adjusting of each raw material Grade is matched, and the maximum gauge of aggregate is controlled within 2mm, and carried out repeatedly shaking feeding with drum screen, thus from source Control the accounting between each material, and then increase the cohesive force between different material, thus effectively avoid green body by The problems such as easily-deformable and crackle occurred in stress concentration.
It although an embodiment of the present invention has been shown and described, for the ordinary skill in the art, can be with A variety of variations, modification, replacement can be carried out to these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the present invention by understanding And modification, the scope of the present invention is defined by the appended.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of grain composition method of city-wall brick raw material modelled after an antique, which is characterized in that the raw material including following parts by weight proportion: 35-45 parts of filler material, 18-28 parts of aggregate, 35-45 parts of moulding material, the filler material, aggregate and moulding material are clay, shale, height At least one of ridge stone, montmorillonite, illite, chlorite, calcite, bloodstone and albite.
2. a kind of grain composition method of city-wall brick raw material modelled after an antique according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the filling The total content of di-iron trioxide is 6%-8% in material, aggregate and moulding material.
3. a kind of grain composition method of city-wall brick raw material modelled after an antique according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the aggregate It need to be crushed crusher machine, sieve is carried out with sieve after broken and take, control maximum particle diameter in 2mm or less.
4. a kind of grain composition method of city-wall brick raw material modelled after an antique according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the filling The chemical raw material contained in material, aggregate and moulding material have silica, aluminium oxide, di-iron trioxide, titanium dioxide, potassium oxide and Sodium oxide molybdena.
5. a kind of grain composition method of city-wall brick raw material modelled after an antique according to claim 4, which is characterized in that the dioxy The total accounting of SiClx, aluminium oxide, di-iron trioxide, titanium dioxide, potassium oxide and sodium oxide molybdena in material 20%-45% it Between.
6. a kind of grain composition method of city-wall brick raw material modelled after an antique, which comprises the following steps:
1) raw material is chosen;
2) raw material components for choosing completion are detected, controls each component content within defined section;
3) raw material is crushed, crushing plant uses hammer mill, is crushed repeatedly, and small particle aggregate is obtained;
4) aggregate after the completion of broken crusher machine is collected, Screening Treatment is carried out to raw material with the drum screen of 2mm partial size, not Material under sieve continues to return to crusher progress break process;
5) aggregate, filler material and moulding material are mixed by a certain percentage, completes grain composition.
CN201910887027.XA 2019-09-19 2019-09-19 A kind of grain composition method of city-wall brick raw material modelled after an antique Pending CN110526671A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Publication Number Publication Date
CN110526671A true CN110526671A (en) 2019-12-03

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CA962852A (en) * 1972-07-13 1975-02-18 Clayburn Industries Ltd. Damp-proof brick and method of producing same
CN106242517A (en) * 2016-08-05 2016-12-21 鄂尔多斯市同圆库布其生态工业治沙有限责任公司 Drift-sand recycling Antique Imitation Tiles and production method thereof
CN108424119A (en) * 2018-04-20 2018-08-21 郦璋 A kind of preparation method of high-strength abrasion-proof Antique Imitation Tiles
CN109336535A (en) * 2018-11-06 2019-02-15 河南能工巧匠网络科技有限公司 A kind of Antique Imitation Tiles and its method using montmorillonite and illite preparation
CN109942276A (en) * 2019-04-22 2019-06-28 河北正一建材股份有限公司 Shale CHARACTERISTICS OF TAILINGS SAND decorative brick and manufacturing method

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CA962852A (en) * 1972-07-13 1975-02-18 Clayburn Industries Ltd. Damp-proof brick and method of producing same
CN106242517A (en) * 2016-08-05 2016-12-21 鄂尔多斯市同圆库布其生态工业治沙有限责任公司 Drift-sand recycling Antique Imitation Tiles and production method thereof
CN108424119A (en) * 2018-04-20 2018-08-21 郦璋 A kind of preparation method of high-strength abrasion-proof Antique Imitation Tiles
CN109336535A (en) * 2018-11-06 2019-02-15 河南能工巧匠网络科技有限公司 A kind of Antique Imitation Tiles and its method using montmorillonite and illite preparation
CN109942276A (en) * 2019-04-22 2019-06-28 河北正一建材股份有限公司 Shale CHARACTERISTICS OF TAILINGS SAND decorative brick and manufacturing method

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
曹世璞: "《烧结砖生产实用技术》", 31 August 2012, 中国建材工业出版社 *

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