CN110521412A - A kind ofly by chrysanthemum shoot cutting mating system - Google Patents

A kind ofly by chrysanthemum shoot cutting mating system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110521412A
CN110521412A CN201910870186.9A CN201910870186A CN110521412A CN 110521412 A CN110521412 A CN 110521412A CN 201910870186 A CN201910870186 A CN 201910870186A CN 110521412 A CN110521412 A CN 110521412A
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China
Prior art keywords
cuttage
seedbed
chrysanthemum
days
cuttings
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CN201910870186.9A
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Inventor
宋义前
徐阳
周宏艳
刘昀兰
于庆帆
王佳武
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Xinjiang Production Construction Corps Fourth Division Agricultural Science Research Institute
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Xinjiang Production Construction Corps Fourth Division Agricultural Science Research Institute
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Priority to CN201910870186.9A priority Critical patent/CN110521412A/en
Publication of CN110521412A publication Critical patent/CN110521412A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G13/00Protecting plants
    • A01G13/02Protective coverings for plants; Coverings for the ground; Devices for laying-out or removing coverings
    • A01G13/0231Tunnels, i.e. protective full coverings for rows of plants
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G2/00Vegetative propagation
    • A01G2/10Vegetative propagation by means of cuttings
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for
    • A01G22/60Flowers; Ornamental plants
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • A01G24/10Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing inorganic material
    • A01G24/12Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing inorganic material containing soil minerals
    • A01G24/15Calcined rock, e.g. perlite, vermiculite or clay aggregates
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G25/00Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like
    • A01G25/02Watering arrangements located above the soil which make use of perforated pipe-lines or pipe-lines with dispensing fittings, e.g. for drip irrigation
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/22Improving land use; Improving water use or availability; Controlling erosion

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind ofly by chrysanthemum shoot cutting mating system, comprising the following steps: step 1, growth-promoting new talent;Step 2, preparing seedbed;Step 3, disinfection shade;Step 4, cutting is chosen;Step 5, cuttage;Step 6, it is managed after inserting;Step 7, be out of the garden transplanting;Step 8, cuttage again.The features such as present invention is creatively combined arched shed covering and drip irrigation technique with ground by chrysanthemum shoot cutting technology, has growing-seedling period short, and effect stability is at low cost, and seedling quality is good, middle popularization and use easy to produce.1 year same Seedlings nursery of northern area can be 3 times with cuttage, and transplant after can bloom for the year, substantially increase the utilization rate and breeding efficiency in seedbed, reduce cost of land and cost of labor, it is more time saving and energy saving.

Description

A kind ofly by chrysanthemum shoot cutting mating system
Technical field
The invention belongs to agricultural technology field, it is related to a kind ofly by chrysanthemum shoot cutting mating system, specifically, being related to one With planting northern area by chrysanthemum " garden is multiple " cuttage breeding method.
Background technique
Ground by the general name of chrysanthemum system one new breed population of chrysanthemum, be perennial herb (Chen Junyu, Cui Jiaopeng by chrysanthemum Cultivate and make Beijing scape: China Forestry Publishing House, 2006.5).Ground by chrysanthemum is hybridized repeatedly using rock chrysanthemum and mother chrysanthemum, is selected A collection of resistance it is strong, bloom that dense, the florescence is long, plant is short, extensive management, open country is suitble to transplant the chrysanthemum new varieties passed the winter Group (studies [J] gardening journal, 1990,17 (3): 223-228 by chrysanthemum breeding of new variety to Wang Pengwei, Chen Junyu;Cui Jiaopeng Ground by the past of chrysanthemum, now and future [J] Chinese flower gardening, 2011, (17): 18-20).The kind has been planted in northern China It plants for many years, shows strongerly by property and resistance, and resistance to low level management, pest and disease damage is less, in beautification, protection and improvement Effect is significant in terms of environment.With the development of Ecological landscape, ground be applied to more and more widely by chrysanthemum park, square, In the greening and beautification of all kinds of garden greenlands such as street, build different atmosphere and landscape (Sun Wensong, Zhang Xiaobo by chrysanthemum The Liaoning introduction and Experiment preliminary study [J] agricultural sciences, 2013, (2): 29-31;The ground Mao Hongyu, Zhu Pengfang, Dong Shengjun drawing by chrysanthemum The kind Liaoning experiment in cultivation [J] agricultural sciences, 2004, (5): 16-18).
Ground by chrysanthemum shoot cutting be exactly using by chrysanthemum current year is raw, semi-lignified with leaf branch item as a kind of cuttage of cuttings Propagation method.It should be noted that the content of following several respects: (1) selection of nursery.Nursery should select it is sunny, ventilation it is good Good, flat, the well-drained pH value neutrality of topography fertile sand is most preferably.(2) bed is made.Generally take sunken bed spray skewer Nursery is inserted, bedside a length of 1m × 1Om or 1m × 2Om, the horsehit of one layer of 7cm sufficiently to ferment is applied as base manure in bottom;Thereon It is then covered with the soil of one layer of 5~7cm;Top layer is to improve mild permeability, repaves the thin river sand of one layer of 2~3cm thickness, seedbed The Fe of face sprinkling O.5%2S04Solution disinfection, can shoot cutting after 2~3 days.(3) cuttage.According to local weather conditions, choosing The cuttage phase appropriate is selected, dawn nursery has carried out shoot cutting in early June.Its method: the shoot of sturdy no disease and pests harm is selected (clip from the new talent behind 40~45 days that overwintering perennial root issues) is used as cutting, first by the internode of cuttings lower end 2 when cuttage Leaf is all cut off, and the leaf on top, which retains, carries out photosynthesis, is generated stimulin stimulation and is taken root, to improve rooting rate, soaks the libation at an ancient wedding ceremony 100ppmABT root-inducing powder about 30 minutes, ditch then was opened by 5 × l0cm of seeding row spacing in seedbed and carries out cuttage, is compressed with hand, Then it is watered with portable thin eye watering can, irrigates, cover film, surrounding is obturaged in order to avoid ventilative mistake temperature (Wang Jinghong, Yu Fuzhou, Wang Chun It is introduced a fine variety by chrysanthemum to the gorgeous Qiqihaer area and Cultivation Techniques of Softwood Cutting preliminary study western part of China is scientific and technological, 2009, (12): 70).
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide by chrysanthemum shoot cutting mating system, side area sunlight-heat reaources are limited, spring a kind ofly Heating evening, autumn drop frost are early.The present invention solves the technical problem of under no greenhouse experiment, northern area is provided a kind ofly Shoot cutting three times can be realized in the same seedbed (Seedlings nursery) by chrysanthemum " garden is multiple " shoot cutting method in 1 year, It can guarantee that current year blooms after transplanting, cost can either be saved, and improve cuttage efficiency and transplanting survival rate of nursery stocks.
Itself the specific technical proposal is:
A kind ofly by chrysanthemum shoot cutting mating system, comprising the following steps:
Step 1, growth-promoting new talent
In northern area three to April, winter snows just melt when finishing, i.e., the plot of cuttings is taken with Small plastic shed covering.This Step is in order to promote can be carried out taking fringe cuttage in advance by the overwintering foot bud fast-growth of chrysanthemum.
Step 2, preparing seedbed
The fertile sand plot of sunny, draughty pH value neutrality is selected, seedbed width is 2-2.5m, bed surface 20-25cm is ploughed deeply, removes the soil block of 5cm or more, and the fine leveling of bed surface.The vermiculite of seedbed layer overlay 3cm or so thickness, can With moisturizing and increase permeability.After vermiculite tiling, seedbed is laid with the road drip irrigation pipe 3-4, convenient for watering.
Step 3, disinfection shade
After seedbed has been laid with drip irrigation zone, drop is primary permeable, is advisable with wet to bedside.Seedbed sprays 100 times of liquid after dripping Carbendazim carries out disinfection, and then sets up arched shed with bamboo chip, and coverage shading net is simultaneously fixed with iron wire, and shading screen requires shading rate 90% More than.
Step 4, cutting is chosen
It selects the shoot of sturdy no disease and pests harm as cutting from plot described in step 1, cutting is cut into 5-8cm's or so Cuttings all cuts off cuttings lower end leaf, only retains top two panels leaf, and the big of blade cuts off half.
Step 5, cuttage
The cuttings trimmed is immediately placed in the rooting powder solution prepared, rooting powder solution is dipped after twenty minutes, by strain It is inserted into after being punched on slotting machine away from 3 × 5cm bamboo stick or waddy, cuttage depth 4-5cm, is sprinkled profoundly water in time with watering can to seal after inserting Close jack.When hot weather should the directly cuttage under shading net, effect it is more preferable.
Step 6, it is managed after inserting
The humidity in nursery soil is often measured after inserting, humid control can be controlled between 70-85% by dripping System, general surface layer vermiculite is slightly dry to drip.Temperature can also be adjusted by shading screen, can be enabled sooner or later and slightly be seen sunlight, sunlight Whole day covers shading net shading cooling when too strong temperature is too high.The phosphoric acid that a ferrous sulfate water can be poured for every 4 days and spray 0.2% Potassium dihydrogen.
Step 7, be out of the garden transplanting
Cuttage about after three weeks, can take root, and can transplant within 30 days or so and be out of the garden.The preceding seedbed that is out of the garden is poured primary permeable, uses hand Seedling is gently extracted, root system slightly band soil is transplanted, and is poured after transplanting primary permeable.After July, no longer cuttage, in order to avoid influence Current year blooms.
Step 8, cuttage again
After outplanting, smooth seedbed is cleared up in time, carries out cuttage again according to step 3 to step 7, later cuttage is pressed Method circulation successively carries out like this.If northern area is according to this technical method, under no greenhouse experiment, cuttage for the first time can be advanceed to Early April, in early and middle ten days in May, third time cuttage guarantees that last batch of outplanting is no more than 7 in mid or late June for cuttage again Month.The same Seedlings nursery can carry out cuttage three times using this technology method 1 year, and be able to achieve to budding for the year and bloom.
Further, in step 1, general Small plastic shed is covered 30 days or more, and foot bud grows into 10cm or more, can just take fringe into Row cuttage.Small plastic shed, and hardening 5 days or more are taken down before cuttage.
Further, in step 4, shoot clip from the new talent behind 30 days that overwintering perennial root issues.
Further, in step 5, cuttings cuttage depth 4-5cm, embedded depth is 2/3 or more of cuttings, is worn with cuttings bottom end Vermiculite is crossed, insert is advisable in the soil.
Further, in step 7, cuttage about after three weeks, can take root, when cuttage be more than 30 days and root long 2cm or more i.e. It can transplant and be out of the garden.
Further, in step 8, when carrying out cuttage again, spray can be carried out to seedbed with 1% liquor potassic permanganate and is used to disappear Poison.
Compared with prior art, beneficial effects of the present invention:
The present invention is creatively combined arched shed covering and drip irrigation technique with ground by chrysanthemum shoot cutting technology, preferably protects It has demonstrate,proved ground to be watered after carry out cuttage and the cuttage in advance of chrysanthemum, has kept cuttings fresh tall and straight, it is more time saving and energy saving, and irrigation effect More preferably.
In addition, also having the advantage that
(1) have growing-seedling period short, effect stability is at low cost, and seedling quality is good, middle popularization and use easy to produce.In north The 1 year same Seedlings nursery in side area can be 3 times with cuttage, and can bloom for the year after transplanting, and substantially increase the utilization in seedbed Rate and breeding efficiency, reduce cost of land and cost of labor.The method is simple and easy to do, is managed simply after inserting, need to only open drop Switch is filled, seedbed can be completed and poured water, irrigation effect is good, and water-saving is time saving and energy saving, and technology is easily grasped, and through simple training or instructs just It can.
(2) on seedbed layer overlay 3cm or so thickness vermiculite, vermiculite have good anion exchange and adsorptivity, The structure of soil can be improved, water storage soil moisture conservation improves the gas permeability and the property of water-bearing in seedbed.In addition vermiculite can also provide itself to seedling The elements such as K, Mg, Ca, Fe and micro Mn, Cu, Zn for containing stablize hair after capable of being effectively facilitated Rapid Rooting and taking root It educates, keeps nursery stock more healthy and stronger.
(3) cuttings is through in vermiculite insertion soil, and seedling root band soil on a small quantity when transplanting, survival rate reaches 98% after transplanting More than, robust growth being capable of quick slow seedling;Seedling is gently extracted when transplanting after sprinkling profoundly water, be able to maintain bed surface it is smooth without Seedbed is destroyed, ensure that can quickly carry out cuttage again.Therefore in this method and simple insertion vermiculite or simple insertion It is compared in soil, survival rate is higher after not only saving cost but also transplanting.
Specific embodiment
Technical solution of the present invention is described in more detail below with reference to embodiment.
The embodiment of the present invention includes:
Test site: the 4th teacher's Institute of agricultural sciences experimental plot of Xinjiang Yili of China, can Hongyuan group, the city Ke Dala greenbelt, It can the city Ke Dala, green belt, Kingsoft experimental school.
Test period: in March, 2019 in August, 2019.
For examination by chrysanthemum kind: the Nanjing such as Nanjing purple sweater, Nanjing imperial crown, Nanjing powder yulan series ground is by chrysanthemum kind.
Embodiment 1
A kind ofly by chrysanthemum cuttage breeding method, comprising the following steps:
Step 1, growth-promoting new talent
In early March, 2019 will take the ground of cuttings by chrysanthemum in the covering of the 4th teacher institute of agricultural sciences flowers experimental plot Small plastic shed Block.When Small plastic shed covering 30 days or more, foot bud grew into 10cm or more, so that it may fringe be taken to carry out cuttage.Small arch is taken down before cuttage Canopy, and hardening 5 days or more.
Step 2, preparing seedbed
The fertile sand plot of sunny, draughty pH value neutrality is selected, seedbed width is 2-2.5m, bed surface 20-25cm is ploughed deeply, removes the soil block of 5cm or more, and the fine leveling of bed surface.The vermiculite of seedbed layer overlay 3cm or so thickness, can With moisturizing and increase permeability.After vermiculite tiling, seedbed is laid with the road drip irrigation pipe 3-4, convenient for watering.
Step 3, disinfection shade
After seedbed has been laid with drip irrigation zone, drop is primary permeable, is advisable with wet to bedside.Seedbed sprays 100 times of liquid after dripping Carbendazim carries out disinfection, and then sets up arched shed with bamboo chip, and coverage shading net is simultaneously fixed with iron wire, and shading screen requires shading rate 90% More than.
Step 4, cutting is chosen
Shoot (the new talent behind 30 days that overwintering perennial root issues of sturdy no disease and pests harm is selected from plot described in step 1 Middle clip) it is used as cutting, cutting is cut into the cuttings of 5-8cm or so, cuttings lower end leaf is all cut off, only retains top two Piece leaf, the big of blade cut off half.
Step 5, cuttage
April 7, the cuttings trimmed was immediately placed in the rooting powder solution prepared for first time cuttage, is dipped and is taken root Powder solution after twenty minutes, is inserted into after punching on slotting machine by 3 × 5cm of spacing in the rows bamboo stick or waddy, cuttage depth 4-5cm, after inserting It is sprinkled profoundly water in time with watering can to close jack.When hot weather should the directly cuttage under shading net, effect it is more preferable.
Step 6, it is managed after inserting
The humidity in nursery soil is often measured after inserting, humid control can be controlled between 70-85% by dripping System, general surface layer vermiculite is slightly dry to drip.Temperature can also be adjusted by shading screen, can be enabled sooner or later and slightly be seen sunlight, sunlight Whole day covers shading net shading cooling when too strong temperature is too high.The phosphoric acid that a ferrous sulfate water can be poured for every 4 days and spray 0.2% Potassium dihydrogen.
Step 7, be out of the garden transplanting
About after three weeks, seedling can take root for cuttage, and May 10, transplanting was out of the garden, root long 2cm or more when being out of the garden.Seedling before being out of the garden Bed pours primary permeable, gently extracts seedling with hand, root system slightly band soil be directly transplanted to can Hongyuan group, the city Ke Dala greenbelt, Pay attention to shading to seedling when transplanting, be poured after transplanting primary permeable.
Investigate through technical staff: 98% or more root survival after cuttings cuttage in embodiment 1 is transplanted to after greenbelt Seedling percent is close to 100%.
Embodiment 2
A kind ofly by chrysanthemum cuttage breeding method, comprising the following steps:
Step 1, disinfection shade
In mid-May, 2019, in the 4th teacher institute of agricultural sciences flowers experimental plot, using seedling cultivation bed in embodiment 1, to seedbed It is simply cleared up smooth, drips primary permeable after arrangement, be advisable with wet to bedside.Seedbed is molten with 1% potassium permanganate after dripping Liquid is sprayed, and is used to sterilize matrix, is then set up arched shed with bamboo chip, coverage shading net is simultaneously fixed with iron wire, and shading screen is wanted Seek 90% or more shading rate.
Step 2, cutting is chosen
The plot described in 1 step 1 of embodiment selects the shoot of sturdy no disease and pests harm (behind 30 days that overwintering perennial root issues New talent in clip) be used as cutting, cutting is cut into the cuttings of 5-8cm or so, cuttings lower end leaf is all cut off, only retain Top two panels leaf, the big of blade cut off half.
Step 3, cuttage
The cuttings trimmed is immediately placed in the rooting powder solution prepared, rooting powder solution is dipped after twenty minutes, by strain It is inserted into after being punched on slotting machine away from 3 × 5cm bamboo stick or waddy, cuttage depth 4-5cm, is sprinkled profoundly water in time with watering can to seal after inserting Close jack.When hot weather should the directly cuttage under shading net, effect it is more preferable.
Step 4, it is managed after inserting
The humidity in nursery soil is often measured after inserting, humid control can be controlled between 70-85% by dripping System, general surface layer vermiculite is slightly dry to drip.Temperature can also be adjusted by shading screen, can be enabled sooner or later and slightly be seen sunlight, sunlight Whole day covers shading net shading cooling when too strong temperature is too high.The phosphoric acid that a ferrous sulfate water can be poured for every 4 days and spray 0.2% Potassium dihydrogen.
Step 5, be out of the garden transplanting
About after three weeks, seedling can take root for cuttage, and June 20, transplanting was out of the garden.Be out of the garden preceding seedbed pour it is primary permeable, before being out of the garden Seedbed is poured primary permeable, gently extracts seedling with hand, root system slightly band soil is directly transplanted to can the city Ke Dala Kingsoft experimental school Green belt, when transplanting, pay attention to shading to seedling, pour after transplanting primary permeable.Seedbed is smooth in time after transplanting is out of the garden carries out again Secondary cuttage.
Investigate through technical staff: 98% or more root survival after cuttings cuttage in embodiment 1 is transplanted to after green belt 99% or more seedling percent.
Comparative example:
Using all vermiculites of seedling medium+artificial sprinkler irrigation as control, in addition to seedling medium and irrigation method, other Cuttage and management method are same as Example 1, and effect is shown in Table 1:
Table 1 be compared with comparative example embodiment 1-2 by the cutting experiment of chrysanthemum
The foregoing is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the scope of protection of the present invention is not limited to this, it is any ripe Know those skilled in the art within the technical scope of the present disclosure, the letter for the technical solution that can be become apparent to Altered or equivalence replacement are fallen within the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. a kind ofly by chrysanthemum shoot cutting mating system, which comprises the following steps:
Step 1, growth-promoting new talent
In northern area three to April, winter snows just melt when finishing, i.e., the plot of cuttings is taken with Small plastic shed covering;This step It is that in order to promote can be carried out taking fringe cuttage in advance by the overwintering foot bud fast-growth of chrysanthemum;
Step 2, preparing seedbed
The fertile sand plot of sunny, draughty pH value neutrality is selected, seedbed width is 2-2.5m, and bed surface is ploughed deeply 20-25cm removes the soil block of 5cm or more, and the fine leveling of bed surface;The vermiculite of seedbed layer overlay 3cm thickness;Vermiculite tiling Afterwards, seedbed is laid with the road drip irrigation pipe 3-4, convenient for watering;
Step 3, disinfection shade
After seedbed has been laid with drip irrigation zone, drop is primary permeable, is advisable with wet to bedside;Seedbed sprays 100 times of more bacterium of liquid after dripping Spirit carries out disinfection, and then sets up arched shed with bamboo chip, and coverage shading net is simultaneously fixed with iron wire, shading screen require shading rate 90% with On;
Step 4, cutting is chosen
It selects the shoot of sturdy no disease and pests harm as cutting from plot described in step 1, cutting is cut into the cuttings of 5-8cm, it will Cuttings lower end leaf is all cut off, and only retains top two panels leaf, and the big of blade cuts off half;
Step 5, cuttage
The cuttings trimmed is immediately placed in the rooting powder solution prepared, dips rooting powder solution after twenty minutes, by spacing in the rows 3 × 5cm bamboo stick or waddy are inserted into after punching on slotting machine, cuttage depth 4-5cm, are sprinkled profoundly water in time with watering can to close and insert after inserting Hole;When hot weather should the directly cuttage under shading net, effect it is more preferable;
Step 6, it is managed after inserting
The humidity in nursery soil is often measured after inserting, humid control is controlled between 70-85% by dripping, table Vermiculite is slightly dry to drip for layer;Temperature is adjusted by shading screen, slightly sees sunlight, the too high Shi Quantian of the too strong temperature of sunlight sooner or later Cover shading net shading cooling;The potassium dihydrogen phosphate for pouring a ferrous sulfate water for every 4 days and spraying 0.2%;
Step 7, be out of the garden transplanting
Cuttage after three weeks, can take root, and transplanting in 30 days is out of the garden;The preceding seedbed that is out of the garden is poured primary permeable, gently extracts seedling, root with hand System's slightly band soil is transplanted, and is poured after transplanting primary permeable;After July, no longer cuttage is bloomed in order to avoid influencing current year;
Step 8, cuttage again
After outplanting, smooth seedbed is cleared up in time, carries out cuttage again according to step 3 to step 7, later cuttage is according to this Method circulation successively carries out;If northern area is according to this technical method, under no greenhouse experiment, cuttage was advanceed on April for the first time In ten days, in early and middle ten days in May, third time cuttage guarantees that last batch of outplanting is no more than July in mid or late June for cuttage again.
2. according to claim 1ly by chrysanthemum shoot cutting mating system, which is characterized in that in step 1, Small plastic shed covering 30 days or more, foot bud grew into 10cm or more, and fringe is just taken to carry out cuttage;Small plastic shed, and hardening 5 days or more are taken down before cuttage.
3. according to claim 1ly by chrysanthemum shoot cutting mating system, which is characterized in that in step 4, the shoot from Clip in new talent behind 30 days of overwintering perennial root sending.
4. according to claim 1ly by chrysanthemum shoot cutting mating system, which is characterized in that in step 5, cuttings cuttage is deep 4-5cm is spent, embedded depth is 2/3 or more of cuttings, passes through vermiculite with cuttings bottom end, insert is advisable in the soil.
5. according to claim 1ly by chrysanthemum shoot cutting mating system, which is characterized in that in step 7, cuttage three weeks Afterwards, it can take root, when cuttage is more than that transplanting in 30 days and root long 2cm or more is out of the garden.
6. according to claim 1ly by chrysanthemum shoot cutting mating system, which is characterized in that in step 8, carry out skewer again When inserting, spray is carried out to seedbed with 1% liquor potassic permanganate and is used to sterilize.
CN201910870186.9A 2019-09-16 2019-09-16 A kind ofly by chrysanthemum shoot cutting mating system Pending CN110521412A (en)

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Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101015254A (en) * 2007-02-16 2007-08-15 北京林业大学 Method for cultivating ground-cover chrysanthemum blossoming twice in one year
CN104641827A (en) * 2013-11-18 2015-05-27 哈尔滨派腾农业科技有限公司 Cutting propagation technique of chrysanthemum morifolium
CN105145035A (en) * 2015-07-06 2015-12-16 南京大学 Propagation technique for American chrysanthemum

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101015254A (en) * 2007-02-16 2007-08-15 北京林业大学 Method for cultivating ground-cover chrysanthemum blossoming twice in one year
CN104641827A (en) * 2013-11-18 2015-05-27 哈尔滨派腾农业科技有限公司 Cutting propagation technique of chrysanthemum morifolium
CN105145035A (en) * 2015-07-06 2015-12-16 南京大学 Propagation technique for American chrysanthemum

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