CN110508605A - It is a kind of movable type oil-polluted soils automatically process vehicle - Google Patents

It is a kind of movable type oil-polluted soils automatically process vehicle Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110508605A
CN110508605A CN201910840905.2A CN201910840905A CN110508605A CN 110508605 A CN110508605 A CN 110508605A CN 201910840905 A CN201910840905 A CN 201910840905A CN 110508605 A CN110508605 A CN 110508605A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
chamber
soil
motor
wall
cavity
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Granted
Application number
CN201910840905.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN110508605B (en
Inventor
童良英
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Pujiang Xuan Ran Automotive Products Co Ltd
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Pujiang Xuan Ran Automotive Products Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201910840905.2A priority Critical patent/CN110508605B/en
Publication of CN110508605A publication Critical patent/CN110508605A/en
Application granted granted Critical
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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01BSOIL WORKING IN AGRICULTURE OR FORESTRY; PARTS, DETAILS, OR ACCESSORIES OF AGRICULTURAL MACHINES OR IMPLEMENTS, IN GENERAL
    • A01B77/00Machines for lifting and treating soil
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01BSOIL WORKING IN AGRICULTURE OR FORESTRY; PARTS, DETAILS, OR ACCESSORIES OF AGRICULTURAL MACHINES OR IMPLEMENTS, IN GENERAL
    • A01B79/00Methods for working soil
    • A01B79/02Methods for working soil combined with other agricultural processing, e.g. fertilising, planting
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09CRECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09C1/00Reclamation of contaminated soil
    • B09C1/06Reclamation of contaminated soil thermally
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09CRECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09C1/00Reclamation of contaminated soil
    • B09C1/08Reclamation of contaminated soil chemically
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09CRECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09C2101/00In situ

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of mobile oil-polluted soils to automatically process vehicle, including car body, the top surface of the car body is installed with top plate, the bottom surface of the top plate is installed with support plate, the right side of the support plate, which is equipped with, to carry out the perching knife that spading loosens the soil to soil, the right side of the support plate is equipped with the loosing earth mechanism that can control the perching knife to move up and down, lifting chamber is offered in the car body, the downside connection of the lifting chamber is equipped with the storage chamber that Open Side Down, sliding is equipped with lifter plate on the left and right inner wall of the lifting chamber, fixed block is installed on the downside of the lifter plate, the trailing flank rotation of the fixed block is equipped with the rotating wheel that can be loosened the soil and be excavated soil, after the present invention can shovel pine excavation to the soil of oil pollution, carry out chemical and physical dual processing, soil is allowed normally to be planted processed.

Description

It is a kind of movable type oil-polluted soils automatically process vehicle
Technical field
The present invention relates to soil treatment technical field, specially a kind of mobile oil-polluted soils automatically process vehicle.
Background technique
Currently, the soil near stone exploitation engineering, due to the pollution of petroleum cause soil be difficult to for plant or its He uses, and the soil by oil pollution needs long time that could degrade automatically, this seriously affects soil money The utilization rate in source, general treating method are all using manually to soil sprinkling chemical agent, still, this method low efficiency Under, bedding face is low, it cannot be guaranteed that all soil all receive processing, for deeper soil, just more cannot be guaranteed it Processing quality, if soil is first carried out excavation collection, then take back factory processes, then take time and effort very much, cost of idleness obtains Mistake is not repaid.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of mobile oil-polluted soils to automatically process vehicle, for overcoming the prior art In drawbacks described above.
A kind of mobile oil-polluted soils of embodiment according to the present invention automatically process vehicle, including car body, the vehicle The top surface of body is installed with top plate, and the bottom surface of the top plate is installed with support plate, the right side of the support plate be equipped with can to soil into The perching knife that row spading loosens the soil, the right side of the support plate are equipped with the loosing earth mechanism that can control the perching knife to move up and down, the vehicle Offer lifting chamber in vivo, the downside connection of the lifting chamber is equipped with the storage chamber that Open Side Down, in the left and right of the lifting chamber Sliding is equipped with lifter plate on wall, fixed block is installed on the downside of the lifter plate, the trailing flank rotation of the fixed block is equipped with can The rotating wheel of soil is loosened the soil and excavated, motor shaft is offered in the fixed block, controllable institute is equipped in the motor shaft The digging mechanism of rotating wheel rotation is stated, the lifting is intracavitary to be equipped with the lifting that the lifter plate can be made to drive the fixed block lifting Mechanism, the left side connection of the storage chamber are equipped with the first conveyor chamber, and the downside connection of first conveyor chamber is equipped with the second conveying Chamber, second conveyor chamber, which upwardly extends, offers reaction chamber on the left of part, first conveyor chamber and second conveying It is intracavitary equipped with the conveying mechanism that the soil after excavation can be delivered in the reaction chamber, being equipped in the reaction chamber can be to pollution Soil carries out the processing mechanism of dissolution oxidation reaction, offers liquid storage chamber on the upside of the reaction chamber, the liquid storage is intracavitary to be had Oxidant, oxidant intermittent can instill in the reaction chamber when processing mechanism operates, and the left side of the reaction chamber is equipped with The flame chamber of opening to the left is connected between the flame chamber and the reaction chamber and is equipped with delivery pipe, and intracavitary be equipped with of the flame can It carries out open fire to treated soil and is baked to come the baked wheaten cake mechanism of further decomposing pollutant matter.
Further technical solution, the loosing earth mechanism include the air pump for being installed in the top plate top surface, the support plate Right side it is fixed there are two supporting block symmetrical above and below, be installed with slide bar, the right side of the support plate between two supporting blocks Sliding is equipped with pneumatic control block on face, and the slide bar runs through the pneumatic control block, and the slide bar and the pneumatic control block are sliding Dynamic cooperation, is connected between the pneumatic control block and the air pump and is equipped with tracheae, the right side of the pneumatic control block is installed with Riser, the perching knife are installed on the bottom surface of the riser.
Further technical solution, the digging mechanism include the first motor being embedded in the lifter plate inner wall admittedly, institute It states rotation on the roof of drive cavity and is equipped with motor shaft, the motor shaft upwardly extends the inner wall that the fixed block is run through in part, and It is connected by power with the first motor, the bottom surface of the motor shaft is installed with first bevel gear, the rear wall rotation of the drive cavity Equipped with rotary shaft, second bevel gear, the second bevel gear and the first bevel gear are installed on the periphery of the rotary shaft It engages, extension is stretched out extraneous after the axial rotary, fixed behind the leading flank of the rotating wheel and the rotary shaft It connects, is installed with five groups of equally distributed crushing teeths and Excavating bucket, the crushing teeth and the digging on the periphery of the rotary shaft Bucket interphase distribution is dug, offers excavation chamber in the Excavating bucket.
Further technical solution, the elevating mechanism include that rotation is located at first spiral shell gone up and down on chamber on lower wall Bar, first screw rod run through the lifter plate, and first screw rod is threadedly engaged with the lifter plate.
Further technical solution offers the first belt chamber on the upside of the lifting chamber, and first screw rod prolongs upwards It stretches and partially protrudes into that first belt is intracavitary, and the top surface of first screw rod is installed with first pulley, the first belt chamber The downside position that keeps left offers motor cavity, is installed with the second motor on the bottom wall of the motor cavity, second motor up and down Two sides are connected by power equipped with vertical pivot, and positioned at upside, the vertical pivot upwardly extends that partially protrude into first belt intracavitary, and position It is installed with the second belt wheel in the top surface of the upside vertical pivot, transmission is equipped with the between second belt wheel and the first pulley One belt.
Further technical solution, the conveying mechanism include before the symmetrical sliding in two front and backs is located at first conveyor chamber Sliding block on rear wall, rotation is set there are two the first conveying axis between sliding block described in two groups, solid on the periphery of first conveying axis It equipped with the first delivery wheel, is driven between two first delivery wheels and first conveyer belt is installed, outside the first conveyer belt It is installed with equally distributed pushing plate on week, is embedded with third motor admittedly in the inner wall of the rear side sliding block, is located at left side institute It states the first conveying axis to connect with the third motor power, rotation is equipped with the second screw rod, institute in the left wall of first conveyor chamber Stating the second screw rod, extension is run through positioned at the rear side sliding block to the right, and second screw rod is threadedly engaged with the sliding block, institute It states and offers driven chamber on the left of the first conveyor chamber, described driven intracavitary, and institute is protruded into extension to second screw rod to the left The left side for stating the second screw rod is installed with third hand tap gear, and positioned at downside, the vertical pivot downward extension portion protrudes into the driven chamber It is interior, and the bottom surface for being located at the downside vertical pivot is installed with the 4th bevel gear, the 4th bevel gear nibbles with the third hand tap gear It closes.
Further technical solution, rotation sets that there are two the conveyings of symmetrical above and below second on described second conveyor chamber or so wall Axis is located on the downside of the first conveyer belt positioned at the position of downside second conveying axis, on the periphery of second conveying axis It is installed with the second delivery wheel, transmission is equipped with the second conveyer belt, the periphery of second conveyer belt between two the second delivery wheels On be installed with equally distributed transfer block, transfer block inclined downward to the left is arranged, and connects on the right side of second conveyor chamber It is logical to be equipped with power cavity, be installed with the 4th motor in the right wall of the power cavity, be located at upside second conveying axis right side with The 4th motor power connection, is connected between second conveyor chamber and the reaction chamber and is equipped with connection chamber.
Further technical solution, the processing mechanism include the agitating shaft that rotation is located on the reaction chamber bottom wall, institute The fixed stirring rod there are six array arrangement on the periphery of agitating shaft is stated, the agitating shaft downward extension portion protrudes into described driven It is intracavitary, and the bottom surface of the agitating shaft is installed with third belt wheel, it is fixed on the periphery of the driven intracavitary vertical pivot There is the 4th belt wheel, transmission is equipped with the second belt, the left side of the motor cavity between the 4th belt wheel and the third belt wheel Rectangular cavity is offered, has water and quick-dissolving agent mixed liquor in the rectangular cavity, is connected between the rectangular cavity and the reaction chamber Equipped with connecting tube, the first valve is installed between the connecting tube and the rectangular cavity.
Further technical solution, liquid storage chamber left side connection are equipped with hose, and the hose to the left protrude by extension Ratchet is intracavitary, and downward through the roof of the reaction chamber, and is connected to the reaction chamber, the hose and the reaction chamber it Between check valve is installed, rotation is equipped with asessory shaft in the right wall of the ratchet chamber, is installed with bias on the periphery of the asessory shaft It takes turns, is installed with the 5th bevel gear on the periphery of the vertical pivot in the motor cavity, is rotated in the right wall of the motor cavity Equipped with horizontal axis, the horizontal axis left side is equipped with the 6th bevel gear, and the 6th bevel gear engages with the 5th bevel gear, described Extension protrudes into that the ratchet is intracavitary to horizontal axis to the right, and the right side of the horizontal axis is installed with ratchet group, the asessory shaft Left side is connected by power with the ratchet group.
Further technical solution, the baked wheaten cake mechanism includes the flame projector being installed on flame chamber roof, the flame The bottom surface of device is installed with the firn-jet head of six group patterns arrangement, offers on the upside of the flame chamber and deposits air cavity, described to deposit in air cavity Have a combustion-supporting gas, it is described deposit to be connected between air cavity and the flame projector be equipped with snorkel, it is fixed on the inner wall of the flame chamber There is thermal insulation layer, the second valve is installed between the delivery pipe and the reaction chamber.
The beneficial effects of the present invention are: it is double to carry out Chemical Physics after the present invention can shovel pine excavation to the soil of oil pollution It handles again, allows soil normally to be planted processed, significantly increase the degree of protection of Soil Utilization rate and resource, In, loosing earth mechanism can by perching knife move up and down come to soil carry out spading, achieve the effect that tentatively to loosen the soil, digging mechanism It secondary to soil can loosen the soil with elevating mechanism, and excavate soil, the soil after excavation can be collected fortune by conveying mechanism It is defeated, and elevating mechanism and conveying mechanism have linkage effect, processing mechanism can be chemically treated soil, burn mechanism energy It is enough that physics open fire baking processing is carried out to soil.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is inside overall structure diagram of the invention;
Fig. 2 is the partial enlargement diagram in the direction A-A in Fig. 1 of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the enlarged diagram in Fig. 1 of the present invention at B;
Fig. 4 is the enlarged diagram in Fig. 1 of the present invention at C;
Fig. 5 is the working state schematic representation when present invention collects soil.
Specific embodiment
Below with reference to Fig. 1-5, the present invention is described in detail, for sake of convenience, now such as to hereafter described orientation regulation Under: hereafter described front-rear direction up and down is consistent with the front-rear direction up and down of Fig. 1 projection relation itself.
Referring to Fig.1-5, a kind of mobile oil-polluted soils of embodiment according to the present invention automatically process vehicle, including vehicle Body 11, the top surface of the car body 11 are installed with top plate 36, and the bottom surface of the top plate 36 is installed with support plate 39, the support plate 39 Right side be equipped with and can carry out the perching knife 43 that loosens the soil of spading to soil, the right side of the support plate 39, which is equipped with, can control the perching knife 43 The loosing earth mechanism 101 moved up and down offers lifting chamber 35 in the car body 11, and the downside connection of the lifting chamber 35, which is equipped with, opens Mouthful downward storage chamber 49, sliding is equipped with lifter plate 47, the downside of the lifter plate 47 on the left and right inner wall of the lifting chamber 35 It is installed with fixed block 50, the trailing flank rotation of the fixed block 50 is equipped with the rotating wheel 56 that can be loosened the soil and be excavated soil, institute It states and offers motor shaft 51 in fixed block 50, be equipped with the digging mechanism that can control the rotating wheel 56 to rotate in the motor shaft 51 102, the lifting chamber 35 is interior equipped with the elevating mechanism 103 that can make the lifter plate 47 that the fixed block 50 be driven to go up and down, described The left side connection of storage chamber 49 is equipped with the first conveyor chamber 62, and the downside connection of first conveyor chamber 62 is equipped with the second conveyor chamber 73, second conveyor chamber 73 upwardly extends and offers reaction chamber 84 on the left of part, first conveyor chamber 62 and described The conveying mechanism 104 that the soil after excavation can be delivered in the reaction chamber 84, the reaction chamber are equipped in two conveyor chambers 73 The processing mechanism 105 that dissolution oxidation reaction can be carried out to contaminated soil is equipped in 84, the upside of the reaction chamber 84, which offers, deposits Sap cavity 32,32 memory of liquid storage chamber have oxidant, and oxidant intermittent can instill described anti-when processing mechanism 105 operates It answers in chamber 84, the left side of the reaction chamber 84 is equipped with the flame chamber 18 of opening to the left, the flame chamber 18 and the reaction chamber 84 Between connection be equipped with delivery pipe 17, being equipped in the flame chamber 18 can soil carries out open fire baking further divides to treated Solve the baked wheaten cake mechanism 106 of polluter.
In addition, in one embodiment, the loosing earth mechanism 101 includes the air pump 37 for being installed in 36 top surface of top plate, The right side of the support plate 39 is fixed there are two supporting block 40 symmetrical above and below, is installed with slide bar between two supporting blocks 40 91, sliding is equipped with pneumatic control block 42 on the right side of the support plate 39, and the slide bar 91 runs through the pneumatic control block 42, The slide bar 91 is slidably matched with the pneumatic control block 42, is connected to and is equipped between the pneumatic control block 42 and the air pump 37 Tracheae 38, the right side of the pneumatic control block 42 are installed with riser 41, and the perching knife 43 is installed in the bottom surface of the riser 41 On, by the operating of the air pump 37, it can make the pneumatic control block 42 that the riser 41 be driven to move up and down, and then institute can be made It states perching knife 43 to move up and down, then can make the perching knife 43 that can carry out spading soil.
In addition, in one embodiment, the digging mechanism 102 includes first admittedly in 47 inner wall of lifter plate Motor 48, rotation is equipped with motor shaft 51 on the roof of the drive cavity 52, and the motor shaft 51 upwardly extends part through described The inner wall of fixed block 50, and be connected by power with the first motor 48, the bottom surface of the motor shaft 51 is installed with first bevel gear 53, the rear wall rotation of the drive cavity 52 is equipped with rotary shaft 55, is installed with second bevel gear 54 on the periphery of the rotary shaft 55, The second bevel gear 54 is engaged with the first bevel gear 53, the rotary shaft 55 extend back part stretch out it is extraneous, it is described Be fixedly connected behind the leading flank of rotating wheel 56 and the rotary shaft 55, be installed on the periphery of the rotary shaft 55 five groups it is equal The crushing teeth 57 and Excavating bucket 59 of even distribution, 59 interphase distribution of the crushing teeth 57 and the Excavating bucket, in the Excavating bucket 59 It offers and excavates chamber 58, by the operating of the first motor 48, can make the motor shaft 51 that the rotary shaft 55 be driven to rotate, And then can make the rotating wheel 56 that the Excavating bucket 59 and the crushing teeth 57 be driven to rotate, then the crushing teeth 57 can be made in pine After soil, soil can be excavated by the Excavating bucket 59, and soil is stored in the excavation chamber 58, when the first motor When 48 running speeds are very fast, soil is not fallen out.
In addition, in one embodiment, the elevating mechanism 103 includes that rotation is located on the lifting chamber 35 on lower wall First screw rod 34, first screw rod 34 run through the lifter plate 47, and first screw rod 34 is matched with 47 screw thread of lifter plate It closes, the lifter plate 47 can be made to reach lifting effect by the rotation of first screw rod 34, when first screw rod 34 rotates forward When, the lifter plate 47 rises, and when first screw rod 34 reversion, the lifter plate 47 declines.
In addition, in one embodiment, the upside of the lifting chamber 35 offers the first belt chamber 31, first screw rod 34 upwardly extend and partially protrude into the first belt chamber 31, and the top surface of first screw rod 34 is installed with first pulley 33, The position that keeps left on the downside of the first belt chamber 31 offers motor cavity 24, is installed with the second motor on the bottom wall of the motor cavity 24 23, the two sides up and down of second motor 23 are connected by power equipped with vertical pivot 26, and positioned at upside, the vertical pivot 26 upwardly extends portion The top surface point protruded into the first belt chamber 31, and be located at the upside vertical pivot 26 is installed with the second belt wheel 27, and described second Transmission is equipped with the first belt 30 between belt wheel 27 and the first pulley 33, by the operating of second motor 23, can make Positioned at upside, the vertical pivot 26 is rotated, and so as to be driven first belt 30, then first screw rod 34 can be made to rotate.
In addition, in one embodiment, the conveying mechanism 104 includes that be located at described first defeated for the symmetrical sliding in two front and backs The sliding block 61 on 62 front and rear wall of chamber is sent, the first conveying axis 69 there are two setting is rotated between sliding block 61 described in two groups, described first is defeated It send and is installed with the first delivery wheel 70 on the periphery of axis 69, transmission is equipped with first conveyer belt between two first delivery wheels 70 72, equally distributed pushing plate 71 is installed on the periphery of the first conveyer belt 72, positioned at the inner wall of the rear side sliding block 61 In admittedly be embedded with third motor 68, be connected by power positioned at left side first conveying axis 69 with the third motor 68, described first Rotation is equipped with the second screw rod 63 in the left wall of conveyor chamber 62, and second screw rod 63 to the right run through positioned at described in rear side by extension Sliding block 61, second screw rod 63 are threadedly engaged with the sliding block 61, and the left side of first conveyor chamber 62 offers driven chamber 65, second screw rod 63 to the left protrude into the driven chamber 65 by extension, and the left side of second screw rod 63 is fixed There is third hand tap gear 64,26 downward extension portion of vertical pivot protrudes into the driven chamber 65 positioned at downside, and is located at downside institute The bottom surface for stating vertical pivot 26 is installed with the 4th bevel gear 66, and the 4th bevel gear 66 engages with the third hand tap gear 64, passes through The operating of second motor 23 can make to drive second screw rod 63 to rotate positioned at the downside vertical pivot 26, and then can make institute It states sliding block 61 to move left and right, when second motor 23 rotates forward, the sliding block 61 moves right, when second motor 23 is anti- When turning, the sliding block 61 is moved to the left, and by the operating of the third motor 68, first conveying axis 69 can be made to drive described First conveyer belt 72 is driven, and then can make soil that can be delivered in first conveyor chamber 62 by the pushing plate 71, and can fall Enter in second conveyor chamber 73.
In addition, in one embodiment, rotation sets that there are two symmetrical above and below the on 73 or so the wall of the second conveyor chamber Two conveying axis 74 are located at 72 downside of first conveyer belt positioned at the position of downside second conveying axis 74, and described second is defeated It sending and is installed with the second delivery wheel 78 on the periphery of axis 74, transmission is equipped with the second conveyer belt 75 between two the second delivery wheels 78, Equally distributed transfer block 76 is installed on the periphery of second conveyer belt 75, the inclined downward to the left of transfer block 76 is set It sets, the right side connection of second conveyor chamber 73 is equipped with power cavity 45, is installed with the 4th motor in the right wall of the power cavity 45 44, be connected by power positioned at upside 74 right side of the second conveying axis with the 4th motor 44, second conveyor chamber 73 with Connection is equipped with connection chamber 46 between the reaction chamber 84, the second conveying axis 74 can be made to drive by the operating of the 4th motor 44 Second delivery wheel 78 rotates, and then can make second conveyer belt 75 that the transfer block 76 be driven to be driven, then can make to fall into Soil in second conveyor chamber 73 is transported in the reaction chamber 84.
In addition, in one embodiment, the processing mechanism 105 includes that rotation is located at stirring on 84 bottom wall of reaction chamber Mix axis 85, fixed there are six the stirring rod 86 of array arrangement on the periphery of the agitating shaft 85, the agitating shaft 85 extends downwardly It partially protrudes into the driven chamber 65, and the bottom surface of the agitating shaft 85 is installed with third belt wheel 87, is located at the driven chamber 65 It is installed with the 4th belt wheel 67 on the periphery of the interior vertical pivot 26, is driven between the 4th belt wheel 67 and the third belt wheel 87 Second belt 88 is installed, the left side of the motor cavity 24 offers rectangular cavity 20, has water and instant in the rectangular cavity 20 Agent mixed liquor is connected between the rectangular cavity 20 and the reaction chamber 84 and is equipped with connecting tube 22, the connecting tube 22 and the square First valve 21 is installed between shape chamber 20, by the operating of second motor 23, can make to be located at downside 26 band of vertical pivot It moves second belt 88 to be driven, and then can make the agitating shaft 85 that the stirring rod 86 be driven to rotate, open first valve Door 21 can be such that the mixed liquor in the rectangular cavity 20 enters in the reaction chamber 84, then contaminated soil and mixed liquor can be made to stir Under the action of, it is substantially soluble in the harmful substance in soil in water.
In addition, in one embodiment, connection is equipped with hose 82 on the left of the liquid storage chamber 32, the hose 82 extends to the left It partially protrudes into ratchet chamber 89, and downward through the roof of the reaction chamber 84, and be connected to the reaction chamber 84, the hose Check valve 83 is installed, rotation is equipped with asessory shaft 80 in the right wall of the ratchet chamber 89, described between 82 and the reaction chamber 84 It is installed with eccentric wheel 81 on the periphery of asessory shaft 80, is installed on the periphery of the vertical pivot 26 in the motor cavity 24 Five bevel gears 25, rotation is equipped with horizontal axis 29 in the right wall of the motor cavity 24, and 29 left side of horizontal axis is equipped with the 6th bevel gear 28, the 6th bevel gear 28 engages with the 5th bevel gear 25, and the ratchet is protruded into extension to the horizontal axis 29 to the right In chamber 89, and the right side of the horizontal axis 29 is installed with ratchet group 79, the left side of the asessory shaft 80 and the ratchet group 79 It is connected by power, by the operating of second motor 23, can make to drive the horizontal axis 29 to rotate positioned at the upside vertical pivot 26, when When second motor 23 rotates forward, the horizontal axis 29 drives the asessory shaft 80 to rotate forward, then the eccentric wheel 81 can be made intermittent The hose 82 is squeezed, the oxidant intermittence in the liquid storage chamber 32 can then be discharged into the reaction chamber 84, when described When second motor 23 inverts, the asessory shaft 80 does not turn.
In addition, in one embodiment, the mechanism 106 that burns includes the flame projector being installed on 18 roof of flame chamber 15, the bottom surface of the flame projector 15 is installed with the firn-jet head 16 of six group patterns arrangement, and the upside of the flame chamber 18, which offers, deposits Air cavity 12,12 memory of air cavity of depositing have a combustion-supporting gas, it is described deposit to be connected to be equipped between air cavity 12 and the flame projector 15 supply gas Pipe 13 is installed with thermal insulation layer 19 on the inner wall of the flame chamber 18, is equipped between the delivery pipe 17 and the reaction chamber 84 Second valve 90 can be such that the soil mixed liquor that processing is completed in the reaction chamber 84 flows by opening second valve 90 In the flame chamber 18, open fire baking can be carried out to mixed liquor by the flame projector 15, and then nuisance can be further strengthened The decomposition of matter.
When in use, can make pneumatic control block 42 that riser 41 be driven to move up and down, and then can make by the operating of air pump 37 Perching knife 43 moves up and down, then can make perching knife 43 that can carry out spading soil, by the operating of first motor 48, can make 51 band of motor shaft Dynamic rotary shaft 55 rotates, and then can make rotating wheel 56 that Excavating bucket 59 and crushing teeth 57 be driven to rotate, then crushing teeth 57 can be made in pine After soil, soil can be mined bucket 59 excavate, and soil be stored in excavate chamber 58 in, when 48 running speed of first motor compared with When fast, soil is not fallen out, and by the operating of the second motor 23, can make to be located at the rotation of upside vertical pivot 26, so as to make the first skin Band 30 is driven, then the first screw rod 34 can be made to rotate, lifter plate 47 can be made to reach lifting effect by the rotation of the first screw rod 34, when When first screw rod 34 rotates forward, lifter plate 47 rises, and when the reversion of the first screw rod 34, lifter plate 47 declines, and passes through the second motor 23 Operating, can make to be located at downside vertical pivot 26 and drive the rotation of the second screw rod 63, and then sliding block 61 can be made to move left and right, when the second motor When 23 rotating forward, sliding block 61 moves right, and when the reversion of the second motor 23, sliding block 61 is moved to the left, and passes through the fortune of third motor 68 Turn, can make the first conveying axis 69 that first conveyer belt 72 be driven to be driven, and then it is defeated to make soil that can be delivered to first by pushing plate 71 It send in chamber 62, and can fall into the second conveyor chamber 73, the second conveying axis 74 can be made to drive second by the operating of the 4th motor 44 Delivery wheel 78 rotates, and then can make the second conveyer belt 75 that transfer block 76 be driven to be driven, then can make to fall into the second conveyor chamber 73 Soil is transported in reaction chamber 84, by the operating of the second motor 23, can make to be located at the second belt 88 of drive of downside vertical pivot 26 Transmission, so can make agitating shaft 85 drive stirring rod 86 rotate, open the first valve 21 can make the mixed liquor in rectangular cavity 20 into Enter in reaction chamber 84, then can make contaminated soil and mixed liquor under the action of stirring, is substantially soluble in the harmful substance in soil In water, by the operating of the second motor 23, it can make to be located at the drive rotation of horizontal axis 29 of upside vertical pivot 26, when the second motor 23 rotates forward When, horizontal axis 29 drives asessory shaft 80 to rotate forward, then can make the intermittent squeezing tube 82 of eccentric wheel 81, can then make in liquid storage chamber 32 Oxidant intermittence is discharged into reaction chamber 84, and when the reversion of the second motor 23, asessory shaft 80 does not turn, by opening the second valve 90, the soil mixed liquor that processing is completed in reaction chamber 84 can be made to flow into flame chamber 18, by flame projector 15 can to mixed liquor into The baking of row open fire, and then the decomposition of harmful substance can be further strengthened.
The beneficial effects of the present invention are: it is double to carry out Chemical Physics after the present invention can shovel pine excavation to the soil of oil pollution It handles again, allows soil normally to be planted processed, significantly increase the degree of protection of Soil Utilization rate and resource, In, loosing earth mechanism can by perching knife move up and down come to soil carry out spading, achieve the effect that tentatively to loosen the soil, digging mechanism It secondary to soil can loosen the soil with elevating mechanism, and excavate soil, the soil after excavation can be collected fortune by conveying mechanism It is defeated, and elevating mechanism and conveying mechanism have linkage effect, processing mechanism can be chemically treated soil, burn mechanism energy It is enough that physics open fire baking processing is carried out to soil.
Those skilled in the art can define, can in the case of not departing from overall spirit of the invention and design To make the various modifications for above embodiments.It falls within the scope of protection of the present invention.Protection scheme of the invention It is subject to claims appended hereto.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of movable type oil-polluted soils automatically process vehicle, including car body, it is characterised in that: the top surface of the car body is fixed There is top plate, the bottom surface of the top plate is installed with support plate, and the right side of the support plate is equipped with can carry out what spading loosened the soil to soil Perching knife, the right side of the support plate are equipped with the loosing earth mechanism that can control the perching knife to move up and down, offer liter in the car body Chamber drops, and the downside connection of the lifting chamber is equipped with the storage chamber that Open Side Down, slides and be equipped on the left and right inner wall of the lifting chamber Lifter plate, fixed block is installed on the downside of the lifter plate, and the trailing flank rotation of the fixed block is equipped with and can be loosened the soil and be dug The rotating wheel of digging earth offers motor shaft in the fixed block, and being equipped in the motor shaft can control the rotating wheel to rotate Digging mechanism, the lifting is intracavitary to be equipped with the elevating mechanism that the lifter plate can be made to drive fixed block lifting;
The left side connection of the storage chamber is equipped with the first conveyor chamber, and the downside connection of first conveyor chamber is equipped with the second conveying Chamber, second conveyor chamber, which upwardly extends, offers reaction chamber on the left of part, first conveyor chamber and second conveying It is intracavitary equipped with the conveying mechanism that the soil after excavation can be delivered in the reaction chamber, being equipped in the reaction chamber can be to pollution Soil carries out the processing mechanism of dissolution oxidation reaction, offers liquid storage chamber on the upside of the reaction chamber, the liquid storage is intracavitary to be had Oxidant, oxidant intermittent can instill in the reaction chamber when processing mechanism operates, and the left side of the reaction chamber is equipped with The flame chamber of opening to the left is connected between the flame chamber and the reaction chamber and is equipped with delivery pipe, and intracavitary be equipped with of the flame can It carries out open fire to treated soil and is baked to come the baked wheaten cake mechanism of further decomposing pollutant matter.
2. a kind of mobile oil-polluted soils according to claim 1 automatically process vehicle, it is characterised in that: described to loosen the soil Mechanism includes the air pump for being installed in the top plate top surface, and the right side of the support plate is fixed, and there are two supports symmetrical above and below Block is installed with slide bar between two supporting blocks, and sliding is equipped with pneumatic control block on the right side of the support plate, and the slide bar passes through Wear the pneumatic control block, the slide bar is slidably matched with the pneumatic control block, the pneumatic control block and the air pump it Between connection be equipped with tracheae, the right side of the pneumatic control block is installed with riser, and the perching knife is installed in the bottom surface of the riser On.
3. a kind of mobile oil-polluted soils according to claim 1 automatically process vehicle, it is characterised in that: the excavation Mechanism includes the first motor being embedded in the lifter plate inner wall admittedly, and rotation is equipped with motor shaft, institute on the roof of the drive cavity It states motor shaft and upwardly extends part through the inner wall of the fixed block, and be connected by power with the first motor, the motor shaft Bottom surface be installed with first bevel gear, the rear wall rotation of the drive cavity is equipped with rotary shaft, fixed on the periphery of the rotary shaft There is second bevel gear, the second bevel gear is engaged with the first bevel gear, and extension is stretched out outer after the axial rotary It is fixedly connected behind boundary, the leading flank of the rotating wheel and the rotary shaft, five groups is installed on the periphery of the rotary shaft Equally distributed crushing teeth and Excavating bucket, the crushing teeth and the Excavating bucket interphase distribution offer digging in the Excavating bucket Dig chamber.
4. a kind of mobile oil-polluted soils according to claim 1 automatically process vehicle, it is characterised in that: the lifting Mechanism includes that rotation is located at first screw rod gone up and down on chamber on lower wall, and first screw rod runs through the lifter plate, described First screw rod is threadedly engaged with the lifter plate.
5. a kind of mobile oil-polluted soils according to claim 4 automatically process vehicle, it is characterised in that: the lifting Offer the first belt chamber on the upside of chamber, first screw rod upwardly extends that partially protrude into first belt intracavitary and described The top surface of first screw rod is installed with first pulley, and the position that keeps left on the downside of the first belt chamber offers motor cavity, the motor The second motor is installed on the bottom wall of chamber, the two sides up and down of second motor are connected by power equipped with vertical pivot, are located at upside institute It states vertical pivot and upwardly extends and partially protrude into that first belt is intracavitary, and the top surface for being located at the upside vertical pivot is installed with the second band Wheel, transmission is equipped with the first belt between second belt wheel and the first pulley.
6. a kind of mobile oil-polluted soils according to claim 1 automatically process vehicle, it is characterised in that: the conveying Mechanism includes that the sliding block being located on the first conveyor chamber front and rear wall is symmetrically slided in two front and backs, is rotated between sliding block described in two groups If being installed with the first delivery wheel, two first delivery wheels on the periphery of first conveying axis there are two the first conveying axis Between transmission first conveyer belt is installed, equally distributed pushing plate is installed on the periphery of the first conveyer belt, after being located at Admittedly it is embedded with third motor in the inner wall of sliding block described in side, is located at left side first conveying axis and the third motor power connects Connect, rotation is equipped with the second screw rod in the left wall of first conveyor chamber, second screw rod to the right extension after be located at Sliding block described in side, second screw rod are threadedly engaged with the sliding block, and driven chamber, institute are offered on the left of first conveyor chamber Stating the second screw rod, extension is protruded into described driven intracavitary to the left, and the left side of second screw rod is installed with triconodont Wheel, positioned at downside, the vertical pivot downward extension portion is protruded into described driven intracavitary, and the bottom surface for being located at the downside vertical pivot is fixed There is the 4th bevel gear, the 4th bevel gear engages with the third hand tap gear.
7. a kind of mobile oil-polluted soils according to claim 6 automatically process vehicle, it is characterised in that: described second Rotation is set there are two the second conveying axis symmetrical above and below on conveyor chamber or so wall, positioned at the position of downside second conveying axis position On the downside of the first conveyer belt, be installed with the second delivery wheel on the periphery of second conveying axis, two the second delivery wheels it Between transmission the second conveyer belt is installed, equally distributed transfer block, the conveying are installed on the periphery of second conveyer belt Block inclined downward to the left is arranged, and the right side of second conveyor chamber, which is connected to, is equipped with power cavity, solid in the right wall of the power cavity Equipped with the 4th motor, it is located at upside second conveying axis right side and is connect with the 4th motor power, second conveying It is connected between chamber and the reaction chamber and is equipped with connection chamber.
8. a kind of mobile oil-polluted soils according to claim 1 automatically process vehicle, it is characterised in that: the processing Mechanism includes rotating the agitating shaft being located on the reaction chamber bottom wall, and fixed on the periphery of the agitating shaft there are six array arrangements Stirring rod, the agitating shaft downward extension portion protrudes into described driven intracavitary, and the bottom surface of the agitating shaft is installed with third Belt wheel is installed with the 4th belt wheel, the 4th belt wheel and the third on the periphery of the driven intracavitary vertical pivot Between belt wheel transmission the second belt is installed, rectangular cavity is offered on the left of the motor cavity, have in the rectangular cavity water and Quick-dissolving agent mixed liquor is connected between the rectangular cavity and the reaction chamber and is equipped with connecting tube, the connecting tube and the rectangular cavity Between the first valve is installed.
9. a kind of mobile oil-polluted soils according to claim 8 automatically process vehicle, it is characterised in that: the liquid storage Connection is equipped with hose on the left of chamber, and extension protrudes into that ratchet is intracavitary to the hose to the left, and downward through the top of the reaction chamber Wall, and being connected to the reaction chamber, is equipped with check valve between the hose and the reaction chamber, in the right wall of the ratchet chamber Rotation is equipped with asessory shaft, is installed with eccentric wheel on the periphery of the asessory shaft, outside the vertical pivot in the motor cavity The 5th bevel gear is installed on week, rotation is equipped with horizontal axis in the right wall of the motor cavity, and the horizontal axis left side is equipped with the 6th cone Gear, the 6th bevel gear engage with the 5th bevel gear, and to protrude into the ratchet intracavitary for extension to the right for the horizontal axis, And the right side of the horizontal axis is installed with ratchet group, the left side of the asessory shaft is connected by power with the ratchet group.
10. a kind of mobile oil-polluted soils according to claim 1 automatically process vehicle, it is characterised in that: the fire Burning mechanism includes the flame projector being installed on flame chamber roof, and the bottom surface of the flame projector is installed with the flame of six group patterns arrangement Head offers on the upside of the flame chamber and deposits air cavity, and the air cavity memory of depositing has combustion-supporting gas, described to deposit air cavity and the flame Connection is equipped with snorkel between device, is installed with thermal insulation layer on the inner wall of the flame chamber, the delivery pipe and the reaction chamber it Between the second valve is installed.
CN201910840905.2A 2019-09-06 2019-09-06 Movable automatic petroleum-polluted soil treatment vehicle Active CN110508605B (en)

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CN112058905A (en) * 2020-10-10 2020-12-11 绍兴光亚农业科技有限公司 Soil remediation equipment

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CN208597262U (en) * 2018-07-12 2019-03-15 姜柏成 A kind of two-side transmission soil restoring device
CN109909288A (en) * 2019-03-20 2019-06-21 泰顺县刘志威家庭农场 A kind of municipal administration afforestation soil restoring device
CN110153164A (en) * 2019-06-20 2019-08-23 安徽蓝鼎环保能源科技有限公司 A kind of heavy-metal contaminated soil prosthetic device

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EP0455309B1 (en) * 1990-05-04 1994-03-23 Rudolf Hendrik Van Dalfsen Scooping apparatus, vehicle and coupling plate therefore
CN202877224U (en) * 2012-11-09 2013-04-17 上海市环境科学研究院 In-situ contaminated soil repairing device integrating chemical feeding, excavating, crushing, stirring and mixing into one
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CN111576525A (en) * 2020-06-23 2020-08-25 湖南鼎元机械有限公司 Channel ditching machine
CN112058905A (en) * 2020-10-10 2020-12-11 绍兴光亚农业科技有限公司 Soil remediation equipment

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