CN110500590B - Environment-friendly solid waste crushing and incinerating equipment - Google Patents

Environment-friendly solid waste crushing and incinerating equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110500590B
CN110500590B CN201910782677.8A CN201910782677A CN110500590B CN 110500590 B CN110500590 B CN 110500590B CN 201910782677 A CN201910782677 A CN 201910782677A CN 110500590 B CN110500590 B CN 110500590B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
crushing
ring
magnetic
shaking
rotating
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CN201910782677.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN110500590A (en
Inventor
周箐艳
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Quanzhou investment from Taiwan area Yu Bao commerce and trade Co.,Ltd.
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Quanzhou Investment From Taiwan Area Yu Bao Commerce And Trade Co ltd
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Priority to CN201910782677.8A priority Critical patent/CN110500590B/en
Publication of CN110500590A publication Critical patent/CN110500590A/en
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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE PRODUCTS BY COMBUSTION
    • F23G5/00Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor
    • F23G5/02Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor with pretreatment
    • F23G5/033Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor with pretreatment comminuting or crushing
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE PRODUCTS BY COMBUSTION
    • F23G5/00Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor
    • F23G5/44Details; Accessories
    • F23G5/442Waste feed arrangements
    • F23G5/444Waste feed arrangements for solid waste
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE PRODUCTS BY COMBUSTION
    • F23G5/00Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor
    • F23G5/50Control or safety arrangements

Abstract

The invention discloses environment-friendly solid garbage crushing and incinerating equipment which structurally comprises an incinerating box, a crushing bin, a feeding box, an electric cabinet and foot cups, wherein the foot cups are arranged at four corners of the bottom of the incinerating box, the electric cabinet is arranged on the right side surface of the incinerating box through bolts, the crushing bin is vertically arranged on the top of the incinerating box and is communicated with the top of the incinerating box, and the feeding box is arranged above the crushing bin; has the advantages that: the shaking-off device is arranged between the crushing knives on the crushing roller, the magnetic induction ring is arranged on the circular shaft, when the crushing roller rotates, the rotating ring rotates in the magnetic ring and the non-magnetic area, when the powder passes through the magnetic ring, the shaking-off device shakes to shake the powder on the crushing roller 61, and the phenomenon that the powder is jammed due to pushing is prevented.

Description

Environment-friendly solid waste crushing and incinerating equipment
Technical Field
The invention relates to an environment-friendly solid waste crushing and incinerating device, belonging to the technical field of waste crushing and incinerating.
Background
In people's production life, can produce a large amount of domestic waste, these rubbish major part all are solid rubbish, need carry out centralized processing to it, avoid causing environmental pressure, smash incineration disposal in-process to rubbish, have following not enoughly:
the waste PVC board in life is when carrying out shredding because the PVC board itself is the polyvinyl chloride material, is the powder state after smashing, and crushing sword is meshing the in-process, glues the powder easily on the drum wall between crushing sword, and the accumulation is many, appears the card sword phenomenon easily.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the defects in the prior art, the invention aims to provide environment-friendly solid waste crushing and incinerating equipment to solve the problem.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention is realized by the following technical scheme: the environment-friendly solid waste crushing and incinerating equipment structurally comprises an incinerating box, a crushing bin, a feeding box, an electric control box and foot cups, wherein the foot cups are arranged at four corners of the bottom of the incinerating box, the electric control box is arranged on the right side face of the incinerating box through bolts, the crushing bin is vertically arranged on the top of the incinerating box and is communicated with the top of the incinerating box, and the feeding box is arranged above the crushing bin;
a set of symmetrical guide plates are installed on two sides of the inner wall of the feeding box, a crushing mechanism is installed in the middle of the inner part of the crushing bin, and an opening of each guide plate is located above the crushing mechanism.
Preferably, the crushing mechanism comprises two sets of crushing rollers and is symmetrically installed, each crushing roller comprises a round shaft and crushing knives, the crushing rollers are evenly provided with fourteen sets of crushing knives at equal intervals, and the round shafts penetrate through the crushing rollers.
Preferably, a gear is installed at the right end of the round shaft and connected with the round shaft through a bearing, sleeves and rotators are arranged at two ends of the crushing roller, and the sleeves are connected with outer rings of the bearings.
Preferably, the rotator is mounted on the sleeve and consists of a rotating frame and a rotating disc, and the rotating frame is connected with the sleeve through three rotating frames.
Preferably, the rotary plate has a circular ring structure and is welded to both left and right end surfaces of the crushing drum.
Preferably, the crushing roller is internally composed of a rotating ring, a magnetic ring, a nonmagnetic area and shaking-off devices, fourteen groups of shaking-off devices are respectively arranged between the rotating ring and the crushing roller, the tail ends of the shaking-off devices are fixedly connected with the rotating ring, the magnetic ring is sleeved on a circular shaft, one third of the magnetic ring is the nonmagnetic area, and the shaking-off devices are positioned at the connecting position between every two crushing knives.
Preferably, the shaking-off device comprises a shaking block, a magnetic block and a spring, the shaking block is arranged on a notch on the crushing roller between the crushing knives, the magnetic block is connected with an inner ring of the shaking block, and the spring is arranged between the magnetic block and the rotating ring.
Preferably, the magnetic block and the magnetic ring are of the same name and are mutually exclusive.
Advantageous effects
The invention relates to an environment-friendly solid waste crushing and incinerating device, which has the following beneficial effects:
the shaking-off device is arranged between the crushing knives on the crushing roller, the magnetic induction ring is arranged on the circular shaft, when the crushing roller rotates, the rotating ring rotates in the magnetic ring and the non-magnetic area, when the powder passes through the magnetic ring, the shaking-off device shakes to shake the powder on the crushing roller 61, and the phenomenon that the powder is jammed due to pushing is prevented.
Drawings
Other features, objects and advantages of the invention will become more apparent upon reading of the detailed description of non-limiting embodiments with reference to the following drawings:
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of an environment-friendly solid waste crushing and incinerating apparatus according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the internal structure of a pulverizing bin according to the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic front view of a crushing roller according to the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a right side view of a crushing roller according to the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of the internal structure of a crushing roller according to the present invention;
fig. 6 is an enlarged schematic view of a in fig. 5.
In the figure: the device comprises an incineration box-1, a crushing bin-2, a feeding box-3, an electric cabinet-4, a goblet-5, a material guide plate-6, a crushing mechanism-7, a crushing roller-61, a circular shaft-62, a crushing cutter-63, a gear-a 1, a sleeve-a 3, a rotator-64, a bearing-a 2, a rotating frame-b 1, a rotating disk-b 2, a rotating ring-c 1, a magnetic ring-c 2, a non-magnetic area-c 3, a shaker-e, a material shaking block-e 1, a magnetic block-e 2 and a spring-e 3.
Detailed Description
In order to make the technical means, the creation characteristics, the achievement purposes and the effects of the invention easy to understand, the invention is further described with the specific embodiments.
Referring to fig. 1-6, the present invention provides a technical solution of an environment-friendly solid waste crushing and incinerating apparatus:
as shown in fig. 1 and 2, the structure of the incinerator comprises an incineration box 1, a crushing bin 2, a feeding box 3, an electric cabinet 4 and a foot cup 5, wherein the foot cup 5 is arranged at each of four corners of the bottom of the incineration box 1, the electric cabinet 4 is arranged on the right side surface of the incineration box through a bolt, the crushing bin 2 is vertically arranged on the top of the incineration box 1 and is communicated with the top of the incineration box 1, and the feeding box 3 is arranged above the crushing bin 2;
a set of symmetrical guide plates 6 are installed on two sides of the inner wall of the feeding box 3, a crushing mechanism 7 is installed in the middle of the inner portion of the crushing bin 2, and an opening of each guide plate 6 is located above the corresponding crushing mechanism 7.
As shown in fig. 3 and 4, the crushing mechanism 7 is composed of two groups of crushing rollers 61 and is symmetrically installed, the crushing rollers 61 are composed of round shafts 62 and crushing blades 63, the crushing rollers 61 are uniformly provided with fourteen groups of crushing blades 63 at equal intervals, and the round shafts 62 penetrate through the crushing rollers 61.
The right end of the round shaft 62 is provided with a gear a1, the gear a1 is connected with the round shaft 62 through a bearing a2, two ends of the crushing roller 61 are respectively provided with a sleeve a3 and a rotator 64, the sleeve a3 is connected with the outer ring of the bearing a2, the gear a1 is meshed with an external transmission gear to rotate, and the sleeve a3 drives the rotator 64 to rotate the crushing roller 61 to crush PVC waste.
The rotator 64 is mounted on the sleeve a3, the rotator 64 is composed of a rotating frame b1 and a rotating disk b2, and the rotating frame b1 is connected with the sleeve a3 through three rotating frames b 1.
The rotary plate b2 is in a ring configuration and is welded to both left and right end faces of the crushing roller 61.
As shown in fig. 5 and 6, the inside of the crushing roller 61 is composed of a rotating ring c1, a magnetic ring c2, a nonmagnetic area c3 and shaking-off devices e, fourteen groups of shaking-off devices e are respectively arranged between the rotating ring c1 and the crushing roller 61, the tail ends of the shaking-off devices e are fixedly connected with the rotating ring c1, the magnetic ring c2 is sleeved on the circular shaft 62, one third of the magnetic ring c2 is a nonmagnetic area c3, the shaking-off devices e are located at the connection position between every two crushing knives 63, the shaking-off devices e rotate on the magnetic ring c2 and the nonmagnetic area c3 through the rotating ring c1 while the crushing roller 61 rotates, and when the rotating ring c1 passes through the magnetic ring c2, the shaking-off devices e shake off the powder on the crushing roller 61, so as to prevent the powder from being pushed and jammed.
The shaking device e comprises a shaking block e1, a magnetic block e2 and a spring e3, wherein the shaking block e1 is installed on a notch on the crushing roller 61 between the crushing knives 63, the magnetic block e2 is connected with an inner ring of the shaking block e1, the spring e3 is arranged between the magnetic block e2 and the rotating ring c1, when the rotating ring c1 reaches the magnetic ring c2, the magnetic block e2 and the magnetic ring c2 are magnets with the same polarity, the magnetic block e2 is ejected outwards in a mutually exclusive mode, the spring e3 is stretched, when the rotating ring c1 rotates to the non-magnetic area c3, the magnetic block e2 is not under the action of magnetic force, and the spring e3 resets the magnetic block e 2.
Waste PVC plates are put into the crushing bin 2 from the feeding box 3, and the crushing mechanism 7 in the crushing bin 2 crushes the PVC plates and then falls into the incineration box 1 for incineration; in the crushing process, PVC powder is easy to gather on the roller, a shaking-off device e is installed on the crushing roller 61, the shaking-off device e rotates on a magnetic ring c2 and a non-magnetic area c3 through a rotating ring c1 while the crushing roller 61 rotates, when the rotating ring c1 passes through the magnetic ring c2, the shaking-off device e shakes to shake off the powder on the crushing roller 61, the phenomenon that the powder is clamped due to pushing is prevented, when the rotating ring c1 rotates to the non-magnetic area c3, the magnetic block e2 is not under the action of magnetic force, and the spring e3 resets the magnetic block e 2.
The foregoing merely illustrates the principles and preferred embodiments of the invention and many variations and modifications may be made by those skilled in the art in light of the foregoing disclosure, which are intended to be within the scope of the invention.
Furthermore, it should be understood that although the present description refers to embodiments, not every embodiment may contain only a single embodiment, and such description is for clarity only, and those skilled in the art should integrate the description, and the embodiments may be combined as appropriate to form other embodiments understood by those skilled in the art.

Claims (2)

1. The utility model provides an environment-friendly solid waste smashes incineration equipment, its structure is including burning case (1), smashing storehouse (2), feeding case (3), electric cabinet (4), foot cup (5), burn four angles of case (1) bottom and all install foot cup (5), install electric cabinet (4) through the bolt on its right flank, smash storehouse (2) and install perpendicularly on the top of burning case (1) and link up each other, it is equipped with feeding case (3) to smash storehouse (2) top, its characterized in that:
a group of symmetrical guide plates (6) are mounted on two sides of the inner wall of the feeding box (3), a crushing mechanism (7) is mounted in the middle of the inner part of the crushing bin (2), an opening of each guide plate (6) is located above the crushing mechanism (7), the crushing mechanisms (7) are formed by two groups of crushing rollers (61) and are symmetrically mounted, and each crushing roller (61) is formed by a circular shaft (62) and a crushing cutter (63);
a gear (a1) is mounted at the right end of the round shaft (62), the gear (a1) is connected with the round shaft (62) through a bearing (a2), two ends of the crushing roller (61) are respectively provided with a sleeve (a3) and a rotator (64), and the sleeve (a3) is connected with the outer ring of the bearing (a 2);
the rotator (64) is installed on a sleeve (a3), the rotator (64) consists of a rotating frame (b1) and a rotating disc (b2), the rotating frame (b1) is connected with the sleeve (a3) through three rotating frames (b1), and the rotating disc (b2) is of a circular structure and is welded with the left end surface and the right end surface of the crushing roller (61);
the interior of the crushing roller (61) consists of a rotating ring (c1), a magnetic ring (c2), a nonmagnetic area (c3) and shaking-off devices (e), fourteen groups of shaking-off devices (e) are respectively arranged between the rotating ring (c1) and the crushing roller (61), the tail ends of the shaking-off devices (e) are fixedly connected with the rotating ring (c1), the magnetic ring (c2) is sleeved on a circular shaft (62) and one third of the magnetic ring is a nonmagnetic area (c3), the shaking-off devices (e) are positioned at the connection position between every two crushing knives (63), the crushing roller (61) rotates, the shaking-off devices (e) rotate on the magnetic ring (c2) and the nonmagnetic area (c3) through the rotating ring (c1), and when the rotating ring (c1) passes through the magnetic ring (c2), the shaking-off devices (e) shake off powder on the crushing roller (61);
the shaking device (e) is composed of a material shaking block (e1), a magnetic block (e2) and a spring (e3), the material shaking block (e1) is installed on a gap on the crushing roller (61) between the crushing knives (63), the magnetic block (e2) is connected with an inner ring of the material shaking block (e1), the spring (e3) is arranged between the magnetic block (e2) and the rotating ring (c1), when the rotating ring (c1) and the magnetic ring (c2) rotate, the magnetic block (e2) and the magnetic ring (c2) are like magnets, the magnetic block (e2) is ejected outwards by mutual repulsion, the spring (e3) is stretched, when the rotating ring (c1) rotates to a non-magnetic area (c3), the magnetic block (e2) is not under the action of magnetic force, and the spring (e3) resets the magnetic block (e 2).
2. The environment-friendly solid waste crushing and incinerating equipment as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the even equidistance of crushing cylinder (61) is equipped with fourteen groups smashes sword (63), crushing cylinder (61) is run through in circle axle (62).
CN201910782677.8A 2019-08-23 2019-08-23 Environment-friendly solid waste crushing and incinerating equipment Active CN110500590B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910782677.8A CN110500590B (en) 2019-08-23 2019-08-23 Environment-friendly solid waste crushing and incinerating equipment

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910782677.8A CN110500590B (en) 2019-08-23 2019-08-23 Environment-friendly solid waste crushing and incinerating equipment

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CN110500590A CN110500590A (en) 2019-11-26
CN110500590B true CN110500590B (en) 2020-10-30

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Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2002355575A (en) * 2001-05-30 2002-12-10 Babcock Hitachi Kk Waste disintegrator
CN106391242A (en) * 2016-10-31 2017-02-15 四川邑诚科技有限公司 Pulverizer
CN107270305A (en) * 2017-07-14 2017-10-20 胡海潮 A kind for the treatment of of!medical waste equipment
CN107339703A (en) * 2017-09-08 2017-11-10 长兴嘉诚炉业有限公司 A kind of fully combustion refuse incinerator
CN108940447A (en) * 2018-09-21 2018-12-07 施成霞 A kind of chemical material efficiency crushing screening plant
CN208431776U (en) * 2018-07-17 2019-01-25 福建爱迪生科技有限公司 A kind of environment-friendly type fixed waste material crushing high temperature incineration device
CN109395820A (en) * 2018-10-25 2019-03-01 芜湖中义玻璃有限公司 A kind of vial processing recycling grinding device

Family Cites Families (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH0985124A (en) * 1995-09-26 1997-03-31 Hitachi Zosen Corp Magnetic force separator
CN102211058A (en) * 2011-02-15 2011-10-12 潘树明 Manufacture process and application technical process of energy-saving and emission-reducing high-gradient magnetic separating machine with ultrastrong magnetic field
CN105562172A (en) * 2016-02-27 2016-05-11 刘丽华 Improved vibrating crusher
CN108927917B (en) * 2018-08-07 2020-08-07 徐州诚凯知识产权服务有限公司 Broken magnetic separator of scraped vehicle

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2002355575A (en) * 2001-05-30 2002-12-10 Babcock Hitachi Kk Waste disintegrator
CN106391242A (en) * 2016-10-31 2017-02-15 四川邑诚科技有限公司 Pulverizer
CN107270305A (en) * 2017-07-14 2017-10-20 胡海潮 A kind for the treatment of of!medical waste equipment
CN107339703A (en) * 2017-09-08 2017-11-10 长兴嘉诚炉业有限公司 A kind of fully combustion refuse incinerator
CN208431776U (en) * 2018-07-17 2019-01-25 福建爱迪生科技有限公司 A kind of environment-friendly type fixed waste material crushing high temperature incineration device
CN108940447A (en) * 2018-09-21 2018-12-07 施成霞 A kind of chemical material efficiency crushing screening plant
CN109395820A (en) * 2018-10-25 2019-03-01 芜湖中义玻璃有限公司 A kind of vial processing recycling grinding device

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Effective date of registration: 20200930

Address after: No. 182, aocuo, Liandai village, Baiqi Hui nationality township, Taishang investment zone, Quanzhou City, Fujian Province

Applicant after: Quanzhou investment from Taiwan area Yu Bao commerce and trade Co.,Ltd.

Address before: 362100 zhangban Qiaolian building, Xiagong Dongzhang Road, zhangban Town, Hui'an County, Quanzhou City, Fujian Province

Applicant before: QUANZHOU TAIWANESE INVESTMENT ZONE CHUNKAI MACHINERY TECHNOLOGY Co.,Ltd.

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