CN110498246B - Cage overturning and self-discharging device suitable for food materials - Google Patents

Cage overturning and self-discharging device suitable for food materials Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110498246B
CN110498246B CN201910832516.5A CN201910832516A CN110498246B CN 110498246 B CN110498246 B CN 110498246B CN 201910832516 A CN201910832516 A CN 201910832516A CN 110498246 B CN110498246 B CN 110498246B
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China
Prior art keywords
rod
cage
piston rod
rack
locking
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CN201910832516.5A
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CN110498246A (en
Inventor
张春晖
贾伟
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Institute of Food Science and Technology of CAAS
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Institute of Food Science and Technology of CAAS
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Priority to CN201910832516.5A priority Critical patent/CN110498246B/en
Publication of CN110498246A publication Critical patent/CN110498246A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G65/00Loading or unloading
    • B65G65/23Devices for tilting and emptying of containers

Abstract

The invention discloses a cage turnover self-discharging device suitable for food materials, which comprises: a frame; the bearing frame is arranged at the upper part of the rack and used for placing the suspension cage, a bottom cross beam of the bearing frame is rotatably connected with the rack, and one end of the bottom cross beam is sleeved with a worm wheel; the two cylinders are arranged on two sides of the bearing frame and fixedly connected with the rack, a piston rod of any cylinder is detachably connected with the clamp, and the piston rod is arranged to extend into the bearing frame; the overturning motor is fixedly connected with the rack, and an output shaft of the overturning motor is provided with a worm meshed with the worm wheel; the locking assemblies are respectively arranged on the upright posts of the bearing frame, the locking surface of any locking assembly is obliquely arranged, and the shape enclosed by the locking surfaces is large in top and small in bottom; and the controller is fixedly connected with the rack and is electrically connected with the air cylinder and the overturning motor. The invention has the advantages of good universality, simple structure, low manufacturing cost, simple use, maintenance and the like.

Description

Cage overturning and self-discharging device suitable for food materials
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of food machinery. More particularly, the present invention relates to a cage tipping and dumping device suitable for food materials.
Background
In food processing, the operations of cooking, sterilizing, extracting and the like in a cage hanging mode are commonly used. The material form in the cage is various, and the cage form also has a big difference. The existing suspension cage has the following discharging modes:
(1) and (5) carrying out conventional manual unloading. After the operation of the suspension cage is finished, the suspension cage is lifted by a lifting device and placed in the fixed unloading area, and the materials in the suspension cage are unloaded manually. The operation has obvious defects that the residual temperature of most materials after hot processing is higher, the materials are remained along with the feed liquid, the manual operation safety is poorer, the materials are easy to be polluted, and the materials are not discharged to the greatest extent and need to be cleaned subsequently.
(2) The conveyer belt is inclined. When the cage ejection of compact promptly, place earlier on the conveyer belt and rather than fixed, conveyer belt tilt angle that makes progress after carrying a take the altitude, emptys the cage content through turning to of roller, and the back is accomplished, and the conveyer belt returns the cage area to the normal position again, accomplishes the ejection of compact. The device has the disadvantages of large floor area, complex structure and high requirement on the structure of the conveying device and high cost. Moreover, the residual liquid in the suspension cage can pollute the conveying device in the conveying process.
(3) A movable cover is arranged under the cage. Namely, the lower cover of the suspension cage is designed to be movable and is locked by pins or buckles during production. When discharging, the suspension cage is placed in a customized discharging hopper, and when the suspension cage is lifted by opening a pin or a buckle lifting device, the material is opened by the action of gravity to finish self-discharging. The device has the defects that the material route is fixed, a special discharging funnel needs to be arranged, the reliability of a pin or buckle structure is slightly poor, and potential safety hazards exist.
Therefore, the existing discharging modes can not well meet the requirements of diversity and use reliability of a suspension cage or raw materials, and the operation is complex and the maintenance rate is high.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a cage overturning and self-discharging device suitable for food materials, and aims to solve the problems of poor universality, complex operation and high requirements on occupied space and auxiliary equipment of the conventional cage discharging device.
To achieve these and other advantages and in accordance with the purpose of the present invention, there is provided a cage tipping and dumping apparatus for food materials, comprising: a frame; the bearing frame is arranged at the upper part of the rack and used for placing a suspension cage, a bottom cross beam of the bearing frame is rotatably connected with the rack, and a worm wheel is sleeved at one end of the bottom cross beam; the two cylinders are arranged on two sides of the bearing frame and fixedly connected with the rack, a piston rod of any cylinder is detachably connected with the hoop, and the piston rod can extend into the bearing frame; the overturning motor is fixedly connected with the rack, and an output shaft of the overturning motor is provided with a worm meshed with the worm wheel; the locking assemblies are respectively arranged on the upright posts of the bearing frame, the locking surface of any locking assembly is obliquely arranged, and the shape enclosed by the locking surfaces is large at the top and small at the bottom; and the controller is fixedly connected with the rack, and is electrically connected with the air cylinder and the overturning motor.
Preferably, the cage turnover self-discharging device suitable for food materials further comprises a collecting hopper which is arranged right below the receiving frame and is fixedly connected with the rack, the collecting hopper comprises a semi-cylindrical part which is coaxially arranged and is positioned at the upper part and a conical part which is positioned at the lower part, and the radius of the semi-cylindrical part is at least 20cm greater than the height of the cage; go out the hopper, it includes the blown down tank, locates the striker plate of blown down tank both sides and locates the picture peg of blown down tank front end, wherein, blown down tank slope sets up and the rear end is last, the rear end of blown down tank with the lower limb smooth welding of circular cone portion, the rear end of striker plate with the smooth welding of side of circular cone portion, front end roll form the socket, the picture peg inserts in the socket and with the blown down tank butt, the striker plate sets up to work as the cage upset extremely during the top of striker plate, the projection of cage in vertical side is located in the striker plate.
Preferably, the cage turnover self-discharging device for food materials comprises a locking block, wherein the upper end of the locking block is hinged with the upright column, and the lower part of the locking block, which is close to the side surface of the upright column, is provided with a fan-shaped blind hole which is horizontally arranged and has a small end inside; and the free end of the locking bolt horizontally penetrates through the upright post, extends into the fan-shaped blind hole and is abutted against the upright post, and the locking bolt is in threaded connection with the upright post.
Preferably, be applicable to the cage upset self-discharging device of food material, the clamp is the arc, the clamp with the latch segment is close to all be equipped with anti-skidding adhesive tape on the side of cage.
Preferably, the suspension cage turnover self-discharging device suitable for food materials is characterized in that the piston rod is connected with the hoop through a bolt, the hoop is arranged to extend into the bearing frame to abut against the suspension cage and lock the suspension cage when the piston rod extends, and to withdraw from the bearing frame without interference with the piston rod when the piston rod shortens; the upper end of the locking block is hinged with the upper part of the upright post.
Preferably, the cage turnover self-discharging device for the food materials is characterized in that the upper end of the locking block is hinged with the middle part of the upright post; the hoop is arranged in the bearing frame and is fixedly connected with the upper part of the upright post through a telescopic connecting rod arranged in parallel to the piston rod; the end face of the free end of the piston rod is provided with an electromagnet, a permanent magnet with a different magnetic pole with the electromagnet is arranged on the face of the hoop, which is in contact with the piston rod, and the electromagnet is electrically connected with the controller, wherein the telescopic connecting rod comprises a base which is fixedly connected with the upright post, the middle part of the top surface of the base is provided with a bearing, and one side of the upper part, which is close to the piston rod, is provided with a containing cavity communicated with the top surface of the base; the inner part of the outer rod is hollow, the lower part of the outer rod is fixedly connected with the outer wall of the bearing, and a plurality of limiting grooves communicated with the end surface of the outer rod are arranged at intervals along the circumferential direction of the lower end of the outer rod; the inner rod is sleeved at the middle upper part of the outer rod and is in threaded connection with the outer rod, and the free end of the inner rod is fixedly connected with the hoop; two ends of a gear shaft of the gear are perpendicular to two side walls of the accommodating cavity and are in rotary connection with the accommodating cavity; the limiting rod is fixedly arranged on the gear shaft along the radial direction of the gear, and the limiting rod can extend into the limiting groove when rotating to be parallel to the outer rod; the both sides of the free end of piston rod are equipped with rather than the vertically drive connecting rod respectively, the tip of drive connecting rod is equipped with rather than the vertically rack, the rack sets up to work as when the piston rod is elongated, the rack can with gear engagement drives gear forward rotation 90, makes the gag lever post with the spacing groove is perpendicular, works as when the piston rod shortens, the rack can with gear engagement drives gear reverse rotation 90, makes the one end of gag lever post is located the spacing inslot.
Preferably, the cage turnover self-unloading device is suitable for food materials, and the volume of the discharge hopper is 1.2-1.5 times of that of the cage.
The invention at least comprises the following beneficial effects:
the invention can meet the use requirements of suspension cages of different types by adjusting the stroke of the clamp through the air cylinder and matching with the locking assembly, has simple structure, low manufacturing cost and simple use, maintenance and repair, and effectively solves the problems of poor universality, complex operation and high requirements on occupied area and auxiliary equipment of the conventional suspension cage unloading device;
secondly, the collecting hopper and the discharging hopper are welded completely, so that the collecting hopper can be used for slag discharge and can also be used for temporary storage of materials, and meanwhile, residual liquid in the suspension cage also enters the collecting hopper in the discharging process, so that the pollution to the surrounding operating environment is avoided.
Additional advantages, objects, and features of the invention will be set forth in part in the description which follows and in part will become apparent to those having ordinary skill in the art upon examination of the following or may be learned from practice of the invention.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a front view of a cage tipping and dumping apparatus for food items, according to one embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a side view of a cage tipping and dumping apparatus for food items, according to one embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a side view of a cage tipping and dumping apparatus for food items, according to another embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the connection of a piston rod, yoke and bolster according to another embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 5 is a schematic view of the connection of the telescopic link to the rack according to another embodiment of the present invention.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be described in further detail with reference to the following examples and the accompanying drawings so that those skilled in the art can practice the invention with reference to the description.
It will be understood that terms such as "having," "including," and "comprising," as used herein, do not preclude the presence or addition of one or more other elements or groups thereof. It should be noted that in the description of the present invention, the terms "lateral", "longitudinal", "upper", "lower", "front", "rear", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "top", "bottom", "inner", "outer", etc. indicate orientations or positional relationships based on those shown in the drawings, and are only for convenience of description and simplicity of description, and do not indicate or imply that the referred device or element must have a specific orientation, be constructed and operated in a specific orientation, and thus, should not be construed as limiting the present invention.
Example 1:
as shown in fig. 1 and 2, the present invention provides a cage turning and dumping device suitable for food materials, comprising: the device comprises a rack 1, a driving device and a control device, wherein the rack 1 is arranged on the ground, telescopic supporting legs are arranged at the lower part of the rack 1, and universal wheels are arranged at the bottoms of the supporting legs; the bearing frame 2 is arranged at the upper part of the rack 1 and used for placing a suspension cage 3, a bottom cross beam of the bearing frame 2 is rotatably connected with the rack 1, a worm wheel 4 is sleeved at one end of the bottom cross beam, and the bearing frame 2 can be cuboid or cylindrical in shape; the two cylinders 5 are arranged on two sides of the bearing frame 2 and fixedly connected with the rack 1, a piston rod of any cylinder 5 is detachably connected with a hoop 6 through a bolt, the hoop 6 is arranged to extend into the bearing frame 2 to abut against the suspension cage 3 and lock the suspension cage 3 when the piston rod extends, and can withdraw from the bearing frame 2 without interfering with the piston rod when the piston rod is shortened; the overturning motor 7 is fixedly connected with the rack 1, and an output shaft of the overturning motor 7 is provided with a worm 8 meshed with the worm wheel 4 so as to drive the bearing frame 2 to rotate through the worm 8 and the worm wheel 4; the four locking assemblies 9 are respectively and uniformly arranged on the upright post of the bearing frame 2 at intervals, the locking surface of any locking assembly 9 is obliquely arranged, the shape enclosed by the locking surfaces is integrally large at the top and small at the bottom, the locking assembly 9 comprises a locking block 901, the upper end of the locking block is hinged with the upper part of the upright post, and the lower part of the locking block is provided with a horizontally arranged fan-shaped blind hole with a small end inside on the side surface close to the upright post; the free end of the locking bolt 902 horizontally penetrates through the upright post to extend into the fan-shaped blind hole and abut against the upright post, the locking bolt 902 is in threaded connection with the upright post, and the distance of the locking bolt 902 extending into the fan-shaped blind hole is adjusted to lock or loosen the suspension cage 3; a controller (not shown) fixedly connected with the frame 1, wherein the controller is electrically connected with the air cylinder 5 and the turnover motor 7 and is used for controlling the actions of the air cylinder 5 and the turnover motor 7; the collecting hopper 10 is arranged right below the bearing frame 2 and fixedly connected with the rack 1, the collecting hopper 10 comprises a semi-cylindrical part 1001 positioned at the upper part and a conical part 1002 positioned at the lower part which are coaxially arranged, and the radius of the semi-cylindrical part 1001 is at least 20cm larger than the height of the suspension cage 3; go out hopper 11, it includes blown down tank 1101, locates the striker plate 1102 of blown down tank 1101 both sides and locates the picture peg 1103 of blown down tank 1101 front end, wherein, blown down tank 1101 slope sets up and the rear end is last, blown down tank 1101 the rear end with the lower limb smooth welding of circular cone portion 1002, the rear end of striker plate 1102 with the smooth welding of the side of circular cone portion 1002, front end roll form the socket, picture peg 1103 inserts in the socket and with blown down tank 1101 butt, striker plate 1102 sets up to work as cage 3 overturns extremely during the top of striker plate 1102, cage 3's projection in vertical direction is located in the striker plate 1102 to when making cage 3 rotate along with accepting frame 2, material and the juice homoenergetic in cage 3 fall into in the blown down hopper.
When the device is used, the suspension cage is firstly lifted by the lifting device and placed into the bearing frame, the piston rod of the cylinder is controlled by the controller to extend and extend into the bearing frame, so that the hoop is abutted against the suspension cage and the suspension cage is preliminarily locked; then, rotating the locking bolt, adjusting the distance that the locking bolt extends into the fan-shaped blind hole, enabling the locking surface of the locking block to be abutted against the suspension cage, and locking the suspension cage again; then, the controller controls a piston rod of the air cylinder to retract, so that the hoop is separated from the suspension cage and exits from the bearing frame; then, the controller controls the turning motor to be started, the bearing frame and the suspension cage are driven to rotate through the worm and the worm wheel, materials and juice in the suspension cage are collected by the collecting hopper firstly in the rotating process, and the materials slide to the discharging hopper under the action of gravity, so that automatic discharging is realized; and finally, rotating the locking bolt to separate the locking surface of the locking block from the suspension cage, hoisting the suspension cage by the hoisting device, moving out of the bearing frame, and finishing one-time unloading operation.
Further, the clamp 6 is arc-shaped, and the clamp 6 and the locking block 901 are close to the side faces of the suspension cage 3 and are provided with anti-slip rubber strips. Here, the clamp is designed to be arc-shaped, so that the contact area between the clamp and the suspension cage can be increased, and the friction force between the clamp and the locking block and the suspension cage can be increased by arranging the anti-slip strip, so that the clamp and the locking block are connected with the suspension cage more stably.
Furthermore, the capacity of the discharge hopper 11 is 1.2-1.5 times of the capacity of the suspension cage 3, so that the discharge hopper has certain temporary storage capacity, and the operation between the working procedures is more flexible.
Example 2
As shown in fig. 3, 4 and 5, the present invention provides a cage turning and dumping device suitable for food materials, comprising: the frame 1 is arranged on the ground, the lower part of the frame 1 is provided with a telescopic supporting leg, and the bottom of the supporting leg is provided with a universal wheel; the bearing frame 2 is arranged at the upper part of the rack 1 and used for placing a suspension cage 3, the bearing frame 2 can be cuboid or cylindrical, in the embodiment, the bottom cross beam of the bearing frame 2 is rotatably connected with the rack 1, and one end of the bottom cross beam is sleeved with a worm wheel 4; the two cylinders 5 are arranged on two sides of the bearing frame 2 and fixedly connected with the rack 1, a piston rod of any cylinder 5 is detachably connected with the hoop 6, and the piston rod can extend into the bearing frame 2; the overturning motor 7 is fixedly connected with the rack 1, and an output shaft of the overturning motor 7 is provided with a worm 8 meshed with the worm wheel 4 so as to drive the bearing frame 2 to rotate through the worm 8 and the worm wheel 4; the locking assemblies 9 are respectively arranged on the upright posts of the bearing frame 2, the locking surface of any locking assembly 9 is obliquely arranged, the shape enclosed by the locking surfaces is integrally large at the top and small at the bottom, each locking assembly 9 comprises a locking block 901, the upper end of the locking block is hinged with the middle part of the upright post, and the lower part of the locking block is provided with a horizontally arranged fan-shaped blind hole with the small end inside; a free end of the locking bolt 902 horizontally penetrates through the upright post, extends into the fan-shaped blind hole and is abutted against the fan-shaped blind hole, and the locking bolt 902 is in threaded connection with the upright post; a controller (not shown) fixedly connected with the frame 1, wherein the controller is electrically connected with the air cylinder 5 and the turnover motor 7 and is used for controlling the actions of the air cylinder 5 and the turnover motor 7; the collecting hopper 10 is arranged right below the bearing frame 2 and fixedly connected with the rack 1, the collecting hopper 10 comprises a semi-cylindrical part 1001 positioned at the upper part and a conical part 1002 positioned at the lower part which are coaxially arranged, and the radius of the semi-cylindrical part 1001 is at least 20cm larger than the height of the suspension cage 3; the discharge hopper 11 comprises a discharge chute 1101, baffle plates 1102 arranged on two sides of the discharge chute 1101 and an insert plate 1103 arranged at the front end of the discharge chute 1101, wherein the discharge chute 1101 is obliquely arranged, the rear end of the discharge chute 1101 is arranged above the lower edge of the conical part 1002 in a smooth welding mode, the rear end of the baffle plate 1102 is welded with the side edge of the conical part 1002 in a smooth welding mode, a socket is formed by rolling edges at the front end of the baffle plate, the insert plate 1103 is inserted into the socket and abutted to the discharge chute 1101, and the baffle plate 1102 is arranged in a mode that when the cage 3 is turned over to the position above the baffle plate 1002, the projection of the cage 3 in the vertical direction is located in the baffle plate 1102, so that when the cage 3 rotates along with the bearing frame 2, materials and juice in the cage 3 can fall into the discharge hopper; the hoop 6 is arranged in the bearing frame 2 and is fixedly connected with the upper part of the upright post through a telescopic connecting rod 12 arranged in parallel with the piston rod; an electromagnet is arranged on the end face of the free end of the piston rod, a permanent magnet with a different magnetic pole from the electromagnet is arranged on the face, in contact with the piston rod, of the hoop 6, and the electromagnet is electrically connected with the controller, wherein the telescopic connecting rod 12 comprises a base 1201 which is fixedly connected with the stand column, a bearing 1202 is arranged in the middle of the top face of the base 1201, and an accommodating cavity 1203 communicated with the top face of the base is arranged on one side, close to the piston rod, of the upper portion of the base 1201; an outer rod 1204 which is hollow inside, the lower part of which is fixedly connected with the outer wall of the bearing 1202, and the lower end of which is provided with a plurality of limiting grooves communicated with the end surface at intervals along the circumferential direction; an inner rod 1205 is sleeved on the middle upper part of the outer rod 1204 and is in threaded connection with the outer rod, and the free end of the inner rod 1205 is fixedly connected with the clamp 6; two ends of a gear shaft of the gear 1206 are perpendicular to two side walls of the accommodating cavity 1203 and are in rotary connection with the accommodating cavity 1203; a limiting rod 1207 fixedly arranged on the gear shaft along the radial direction of the gear 1206, wherein the limiting rod 1207 is arranged to be capable of extending into the limiting groove when rotating to be parallel to the outer rod 1204; the both sides of the free end of piston rod are equipped with rather than vertically drive connecting rod 13 respectively, the tip of drive connecting rod 13 is equipped with rather than vertically rack 14, rack 14 is for when the piston rod is elongated, rack 14 can with gear 1206 meshes and drives gear 1206 forward rotation 90, makes gag lever post 1207 with the spacing groove is perpendicular, so that under the effect of piston rod, interior pole 1205 can rotate relatively with outer pole 1204, interior pole 1205 extension until clamp 6 and cage 3 lock, when the piston rod shortens to rack 14 and gear 1206 meshing once more, rack 14 drives gear 1206 reverse rotation 90, makes the one end of gag lever post 1207 be located the spacing inslot, so that interior pole 1205 and outer pole 1204 relatively fixed, keep clamp 6 and cage 3's lock state.
When the locking device is used, the locking bolt is rotated according to the size of the suspension cage, the distance of the locking bolt extending into the fan-shaped blind hole is adjusted, the suspension cage is lifted by the lifting device and is placed into the bearing frame, and the locking surface of the suspension cage and the locking block is preliminarily locked; then the elongation of a piston rod of the air cylinder and the electrification of an electromagnet are controlled through a controller, the piston rod is elongated to the end face to be magnetically connected with the clamp, the piston rod is continuously elongated, in the elongation process, the rack is meshed with the gear and drives the gear to rotate forward by 90 degrees, the gear drives the limiting rod to synchronously rotate, the limiting rod is made to withdraw from the limiting groove and be vertical to the limiting groove, the piston rod is continuously elongated, the inner rod and the outer rod rotate relatively and are synchronously elongated along with the piston rod until the clamp and the suspension cage are locked; then the controller controls the electromagnet to be powered off, the piston rod is separated from the clamp, meanwhile, the controller controls the piston rod of the air cylinder to retract, in the retracting process, the rack and the gear can be meshed again, the rack drives the gear to rotate in the reverse direction for 90 degrees, the limiting rod is clamped in the limiting groove again, the inner rod and the outer rod are relatively fixed, the locking state of the clamp and the suspension cage is kept, and the piston rod continues to retract until the piston rod resets; then, the controller controls the turning motor to be started, the bearing frame and the suspension cage are driven to rotate through the worm and the worm wheel, materials and juice in the suspension cage are collected by the collecting hopper firstly in the rotating process, and the materials slide to the discharging hopper under the action of gravity, so that automatic discharging is realized; and finally, the controller controls the piston rod of the air cylinder to extend again until the piston rod abuts against the hoop, the controller controls the electromagnet to be electrified to reconnect the piston rod and the hoop, then the controller controls the piston rod of the air cylinder to retract, the inner rod is shortened to reset under the action of the piston rod, the hoop is synchronously reset, the controller controls the electromagnet to be powered off again, the piston rod and the hoop are separated again, the piston rod continues to retract until the piston rod resets, the hoisting device hoists the suspension cage, the suspension frame is moved out, and one-time unloading operation is completed.
Further, the clamp 6 is arc-shaped, and the clamp 6 and the locking block 901 are close to the side faces of the suspension cage 3 and are provided with anti-slip rubber strips. Here, the clamp is designed to be arc-shaped, so that the contact area between the clamp and the suspension cage can be increased, and the friction force between the clamp and the locking block and the suspension cage can be increased by arranging the anti-slip strip, so that the clamp and the locking block are connected with the suspension cage more stably.
Furthermore, the capacity of the discharge hopper 11 is 1.2-1.5 times of the capacity of the suspension cage 3, so that the discharge hopper has certain temporary storage capacity, and the operation between the working procedures is more flexible.
While embodiments of the invention have been described above, it is not limited to the applications set forth in the description and the embodiments, which are fully applicable in various fields of endeavor to which the invention pertains, and further modifications may readily be made by those skilled in the art, it being understood that the invention is not limited to the details shown and described herein without departing from the general concept defined by the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (6)

1. Cage upset self-discharging device suitable for food material, its characterized in that includes:
a frame;
the bearing frame is arranged at the upper part of the rack and used for placing a suspension cage, a bottom cross beam of the bearing frame is rotatably connected with the rack, and a worm wheel is sleeved at one end of the bottom cross beam;
the two cylinders are arranged on two sides of the bearing frame and fixedly connected with the rack, a piston rod of any cylinder is detachably connected with the hoop, and the piston rod can extend into the bearing frame;
the overturning motor is fixedly connected with the rack, and an output shaft of the overturning motor is provided with a worm meshed with the worm wheel;
the locking assemblies are respectively arranged on the upright posts of the bearing frame, the locking surface of any locking assembly is obliquely arranged, and the shape enclosed by the locking surfaces is large at the top and small at the bottom; the locking assembly comprises a locking block, wherein the upper end of the locking block is hinged with the upright post, and the lower part of the locking block, which is close to the side surface of the upright post, is provided with a horizontally arranged fan-shaped blind hole with a small end inside; the free end of the locking bolt horizontally penetrates through the upright post, extends into the fan-shaped blind hole and is abutted against the fan-shaped blind hole, and the locking bolt is in threaded connection with the upright post;
and the controller is fixedly connected with the rack, and is electrically connected with the air cylinder and the overturning motor.
2. The device as claimed in claim 1, further comprising a collection hopper disposed directly below the receiving frame and fixedly connected to the frame, wherein the collection hopper comprises a upper semi-cylindrical portion and a lower conical portion coaxially disposed, and the radius of the semi-cylindrical portion is at least 20cm greater than the height of the cage; go out the hopper, it includes the blown down tank, locates the striker plate of blown down tank both sides and locates the picture peg of blown down tank front end, wherein, blown down tank slope sets up and the rear end is last, the rear end of blown down tank with the lower limb smooth welding of circular cone portion, the rear end of striker plate with the smooth welding of side of circular cone portion, front end roll form the socket, the picture peg inserts in the socket and with the blown down tank butt, the striker plate sets up to work as the cage upset extremely during the top of striker plate, the projection of cage in vertical side is located in the striker plate.
3. The device of claim 1, wherein the band is curved and the sides of the band and the locking segments adjacent the cage are provided with anti-slip strips.
4. The device as claimed in claim 3, wherein the piston rod is bolted to the clamp, and the clamp is configured to extend into the receiving frame to abut the cage and lock the cage when the piston rod is extended, and to retract out of the receiving frame without interference when the piston rod is retracted; the upper end of the locking block is hinged with the upper part of the upright post.
5. The cage tipping and dumping device of claim 3, wherein the upper end of said locking segment is hinged to the middle of said column; the hoop is arranged in the bearing frame and is fixedly connected with the upper part of the upright post through a telescopic connecting rod arranged in parallel to the piston rod; the end face of the free end of the piston rod is provided with an electromagnet, a permanent magnet with a different magnetic pole with the electromagnet is arranged on the face of the hoop, which is in contact with the piston rod, and the electromagnet is electrically connected with the controller, wherein the telescopic connecting rod comprises a base which is fixedly connected with the upright post, the middle part of the top surface of the base is provided with a bearing, and one side of the upper part, which is close to the piston rod, is provided with a containing cavity communicated with the top surface of the base; the inner part of the outer rod is hollow, the lower part of the outer rod is fixedly connected with the outer wall of the bearing, and a plurality of limiting grooves communicated with the end surface of the outer rod are arranged at intervals along the circumferential direction of the lower end of the outer rod; the inner rod is sleeved at the middle upper part of the outer rod and is in threaded connection with the outer rod, and the free end of the inner rod is fixedly connected with the hoop; two ends of a gear shaft of the gear are perpendicular to two side walls of the accommodating cavity and are in rotary connection with the accommodating cavity; the limiting rod is fixedly arranged on the gear shaft along the radial direction of the gear, and the limiting rod can extend into the limiting groove when rotating to be parallel to the outer rod; the both sides of the free end of piston rod are equipped with rather than the vertically drive connecting rod respectively, the tip of drive connecting rod is equipped with rather than the vertically rack, the rack sets up to work as when the piston rod is elongated, the rack can with gear engagement drives gear forward rotation 90, makes the gag lever post with the spacing groove is perpendicular, works as when the piston rod shortens, the rack can with gear engagement drives gear reverse rotation 90, makes the one end of gag lever post is located the spacing inslot.
6. The cage tipping and dumping device of claim 2, wherein the capacity of said discharge hopper is 1.2 to 1.5 times the capacity of said cage.
CN201910832516.5A 2019-09-04 2019-09-04 Cage overturning and self-discharging device suitable for food materials Active CN110498246B (en)

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CN201910832516.5A CN110498246B (en) 2019-09-04 2019-09-04 Cage overturning and self-discharging device suitable for food materials

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