CN110482405A - A kind of hanging method - Google Patents

A kind of hanging method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110482405A
CN110482405A CN201910752670.1A CN201910752670A CN110482405A CN 110482405 A CN110482405 A CN 110482405A CN 201910752670 A CN201910752670 A CN 201910752670A CN 110482405 A CN110482405 A CN 110482405A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
hanging
lifting
main
auxiliary
main hanging
Prior art date
Application number
CN201910752670.1A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杜琦
孙冰
何召飞
郭立辉
姚钊
罗立
吴彬
吴斯平
Original Assignee
中建钢构有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 中建钢构有限公司 filed Critical 中建钢构有限公司
Priority to CN201910752670.1A priority Critical patent/CN110482405A/en
Publication of CN110482405A publication Critical patent/CN110482405A/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66CCRANES; LOAD-ENGAGING ELEMENTS OR DEVICES FOR CRANES, CAPSTANS, WINCHES, OR TACKLES
    • B66C1/00Load-engaging elements or devices attached to lifting or lowering gear of cranes or adapted for connection therewith for transmitting lifting forces to articles or groups of articles
    • B66C1/10Load-engaging elements or devices attached to lifting or lowering gear of cranes or adapted for connection therewith for transmitting lifting forces to articles or groups of articles by mechanical means
    • B66C1/12Slings comprising chains, wires, ropes, or bands; Nets
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66CCRANES; LOAD-ENGAGING ELEMENTS OR DEVICES FOR CRANES, CAPSTANS, WINCHES, OR TACKLES
    • B66C13/00Other constructional features or details
    • B66C13/04Auxiliary devices for controlling movements of suspended loads, or preventing cable slack
    • B66C13/06Auxiliary devices for controlling movements of suspended loads, or preventing cable slack for minimising or preventing longitudinal or transverse swinging of loads
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66CCRANES; LOAD-ENGAGING ELEMENTS OR DEVICES FOR CRANES, CAPSTANS, WINCHES, OR TACKLES
    • B66C13/00Other constructional features or details
    • B66C13/04Auxiliary devices for controlling movements of suspended loads, or preventing cable slack
    • B66C13/08Auxiliary devices for controlling movements of suspended loads, or preventing cable slack for depositing loads in desired attitudes or positions

Abstract

The present invention relates to technical field of building construction, disclose a kind of hanging method, include the following steps, main hanging device and auxiliary hanging device is arranged;The main hanging device slings the first end to lifting part, and the auxiliary hanging device slings the second end to lifting part, until reaching setting height;The auxiliary hanging device stops lifting, and the main hanging device drive is described to be rotated to lifting part, until described to lifting part state in a vertical shape.Hanging method in the present invention realizes the lifting and aerial overturning to lifting part by the cooperation of main hanging device and auxiliary hanging device in lifting, it can prevent it from generating biggish swing when lifting extra-long rod element, the stability and safety of hoisting process are improved, and operating process is simple.

Description

A kind of hanging method

Technical field

The present invention relates to technical field of building construction more particularly to a kind of hanging methods.

Background technique

In building construction process, it usually needs by the member erections such as davit to high-altitude, fixed with carrying out high-altitude installation, and And certain rod pieces need state in a vertical shape to be installed.Rod piece is usually to be in a horizontal state when being placed in ground, therefore, is being hung Needing to be overturn during dress is vertical state, in order to subsequent installation fixation.When being lifted to rod piece, usually The fixation of one end of rod piece is lifted by crane using a hanging device, during height is constantly raised, rod piece can gradually from Horizontality overturning is vertical state.But when rod length is longer, the free end of rod piece is easy to happen by a relatively large margin when lifting Swing, to cause to collide to peripheral equipment or personnel, working security is unable to get effective guarantee.

Summary of the invention

For overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, the present invention provides a kind of hanging method, passes through main hanging device in lifting The lifting and aerial overturning to lifting part are realized in cooperation with auxiliary hanging device, can prevent its generation when lifting extra-long rod element Biggish swing improves the stability and safety of hoisting process, and operating process is simple.

The technical solution adopted by the present invention to solve the technical problems is:

A kind of hanging method is provided, is included the following steps,

Main hanging device and auxiliary hanging device is arranged in S10;

Main hanging device described in S20 slings the first end to lifting part, and the auxiliary hanging device will be described to lifting part Second end sling, until reach setting height;

Auxiliary hanging device described in S30 stops lifting, and the main hanging device drive is described to be rotated to lifting part, until described To lifting part state in a vertical shape.

It as an improvement of the above technical solution, further include step S11 before step S20: will be described complete to lifting part assembly At, and the first suspension centre is set in the first end to lifting part, in the second end to lifting part, the second suspension centre is set.

As a further improvement of the above technical scheme, further include step S40 after step S30: making described to lifting part It is detached from the auxiliary hanging device, and will be described in lifting part transfer hanging to fixed frame.

As a further improvement of the above technical scheme, by described to lifting part transfer hanging to the side on the fixed frame Method are as follows: third suspension centre is set in the first end, the lanyard being connected on the fixed frame is connect with the third suspension centre.

As a further improvement of the above technical scheme, the speed and institute that the main hanging device slings the first end It is identical to state the speed that auxiliary hanging device slings the second end.

As a further improvement of the above technical scheme, the main hanging device drives described when lifting part rotation, institute First end is stated to rotate relative to the second end.

As a further improvement of the above technical scheme, the main hanging device is mobile towards the auxiliary hanging device, or The boom of the main hanging device is rotated towards the auxiliary hanging device.

As a further improvement of the above technical scheme, the main hanging device drives described when lifting part rotation, institute Second end is stated to rotate relative to the first end.

As a further improvement of the above technical scheme, the auxiliary hanging device is mobile towards the main hanging device, or The boom of the auxiliary hanging device is rotated towards the main hanging device.

As a further improvement of the above technical scheme, the main hanging device drives described when lifting part rotation, institute First end and the second end are stated simultaneously relative to the center rotating to lifting part.

The beneficial effects of the present invention are: the hanging method in the present invention is set in lifting by main hanging device and auxiliary lifting The lifting and aerial overturning to lifting part are realized in standby cooperation, can prevent it from generating biggish pendulum when lifting extra-long rod element It is dynamic, the stability and safety of hoisting process are improved, and operating process is simple.

Detailed description of the invention

Present invention will be further explained below with reference to the attached drawings and examples:

Fig. 1 is the flow chart of hanging method in first embodiment of the invention;

Fig. 2 is the schematic diagram in first embodiment of the invention to lifting part;

Fig. 3 is the schematic diagram in first embodiment of the invention after lifting part completes assembly;

Fig. 4 is the schematic diagram in first embodiment of the invention when lifting part is lifted to a certain height;

Fig. 5 is the schematic diagram in first embodiment of the invention when lifting part is overturn to a certain angle;

Fig. 6 is overturn to lifting part to the schematic diagram of vertical state in first embodiment of the invention;

Fig. 7 is the schematic diagram in first embodiment of the invention when lifting part will change hook.

Specific embodiment

This part will be described in specific embodiments of the present invention, and presently preferred embodiments of the present invention is shown in the accompanying drawings, attached The effect of figure is the description with figure supplementary explanation book word segment, of the invention so as to intuitively, visually understand Each technical characteristic and overall technical architecture, but it should not be understood as limiting the scope of the invention.

In the description of the present invention, if being related to orientation description, such as "upper", "lower", "front", "rear", "left", "right" The orientation or positional relationship of equal instructions is to be based on the orientation or positional relationship shown in the drawings, be merely for convenience of the description present invention and Simplify description, rather than the device or element of indication or suggestion meaning must have a particular orientation, with specific orientation construction And operation, therefore be not considered as limiting the invention.When a certain feature referred to as " setting ", " fixation ", " connection " are another One feature, it can directly be arranged, fixes, be connected to another feature, and can also be arranged indirectly, fix, be connected to In another feature.

In the description of the present invention, if being related to " several ", one or more is meant that, if be related to " more It is a ", it is meant that two or more, if being related to " being greater than ", " being less than ", " being more than ", should be understood as not including this number, if Be related to " more than ", " following ", " within ", should be understood as including this number.If being related to " first ", " second ", should manage Solution is for distinguishing technical characteristic, being not understood to indicate or imply relative importance or implicitly indicating indicated technology The quantity of feature or the precedence relationship for implicitly indicating indicated technical characteristic.

In addition, unless otherwise defined, technical terms and scientific terms used in the present invention with technical field The normally understood meaning of technical staff is identical.Term used in the present invention is intended merely to description specific embodiment, rather than In order to limit the present invention.

First embodiment

Referring to Figure 1 to Figure 7, hanging method provided in this embodiment is carried out as described below.

Step 1: main hanging device and auxiliary hanging device is arranged.

It will need to be completed from main hanging device 2 with auxiliary hanging device 3 when lifting part 1 is sling.Main hanging device 2 Tower crane can be selected or truck crane or crawler crane etc. can be selected in crawler crane, auxiliary hanging device 3.It can be according to the installation site to lifting part And the factors such as hoisting height select hanging device.

Step 2: setting height will be lifted to lifting part.

When the length of lifting part 1 is larger, it is more inconvenient to be transported to construction site, therefore, if usually first will Then these components are placed on moulding bed 4 to construction site, are welded it with shape by the shorter component conveying of dry segment length At meet length requirement one whole to lifting part 1.It needs to carry out seam inspection after welding, to guarantee quality.Weld seam After flaw detection is qualified, coating is painted at position while welding.

As shown in Fig. 2, the first suspension centre 11 is arranged in the first end to lifting part 1, the second suspension centre 12 is arranged in second end. Third suspension centre 13 is arranged in one end, and third suspension centre 13 is staggered with 11 position of the first suspension centre.Preferably, third suspension centre 13 is located at first The opposite side of suspension centre 11.Wherein, the first suspension centre 11 cooperates jointly to realize that the lifting to lifting part 1 is turned over position with the second suspension centre 12 Turn, the first suspension centre 11 cooperates jointly with third suspension centre 13 to realize and change hook in the air.End of the above-mentioned each suspension centre distance to lifting part 1 Distance about 10m.

As shown in figure 3, will be connected on the boom 21 of main hanging device 2 when after lifting part 1 completes assembly on moulding bed 4 Wirerope 22 bind at the first suspension centre 11.The wirerope 32 connected on the boom 31 of auxiliary hanging device 3 is bound second At suspension centre 12.

Main hanging device 2 is lifted by crane with auxiliary hanging device 3, makes to be detached to lifting part 1 and moulding bed 4, until reaching setting height. Need to only meet will not encounter ground in its bottom end when overturning when lifting part 1 under the setting height.To lifting part 1 by main lifting Equipment 2 is sling simultaneously with auxiliary hanging device 3, can be limited its generation and significantly be swung, to improve the safety of lifting process. At this point, main hanging device 2 and auxiliary hanging device 3 need to keep synchronous to shift position, pullled in order to avoid being formed between each other.

As shown in Figure 4, it is preferred that speed that main hanging device 2 slings the first suspension centre 11 and auxiliary hanging device 3 are by second The speed that suspension centre 12 is sling is identical.Horizontality is remained in uphill process to lifting part 1, to make to lifting part 1 Movement in lifting only straight up, can be further improved the stability and safety of lifting process.

Step 3: auxiliary hanging device stops working, main hanging device drives described to lifting part rotation.

As shown in figs. 5 and 6, will be after lifting part 1 be lifted to setting height, auxiliary hanging device 3 stops lifting, and master hangs Installing standby 2 drives to be rotated to lifting part 1, will gradually be overturn by horizontality to vertical state to lifting part 1.

In above-mentioned switching process, the boom 21 of main hanging device 2 needs gradually to rotate towards auxiliary hanging device 3, so that It (is connect with auxiliary hanging device 3 to the first end (one end being connect with main hanging device 2) on lifting part 1 relative to second end One end) it rotates clockwise.In the process, the rotation that remains a constant speed is needed, to improve stability and safety.When turning over certain angle After degree, to lifting part 1 by state in a vertical shape, that is, overturning is completed.

Later, make to be detached to lifting part 1 and auxiliary hanging device 3, by main hanging device 2 continue will to be hung to lifting part 1 to Near installation site.Crosshead is provided at position to be installed, operator enters crosshead and carries out changing hook operation.Such as Fig. 7 It is shown, the binding of the lanyard on fixed frame 56 will be connected at the third suspension centre 13 to lifting part 1.Then, main hanging device 2 Wirerope 22 is begun to decline, so that being gradually transferred on fixed frame 5 to 1 weight of lifting part.When the weight to lifting part 1 turns completely It moves on fixed frame 5, after the wirerope 22 of main hanging device 2 does not stress, the wirerope 22 on main hanging device 2 is unclamped, Make to completely disengage to lifting part 1 and main hanging device 2.

After being adjusted with the position that lanyard 6 treats lifting part 1, it is fixed in place to be installed.It is carried out in order to prevent It swings, can be fixed in components such as the practical cable wind ropes in its bottom, in order to the installation of subsequent parts.

Second embodiment

The present embodiment is the alternate embodiment of first embodiment, in the present embodiment, is made to the first end phase on lifting part 1 When for second end rotation, main hanging device 2 can be made mobile towards auxiliary hanging device 3, main hanging device 2 is gradually reduced and is hung with auxiliary Installing standby the distance between 3.Main hanging device 2 need to remain a constant speed advance, to improve stability and safety.

3rd embodiment

The present embodiment is the alternate embodiment of first embodiment, in the present embodiment, is made to the first end phase on lifting part 1 When for second end rotation, the boom 21 of main hanging device 2 can be made gradually to rotate towards auxiliary hanging device 3, meanwhile, make main lifting Equipment 2 is mobile towards auxiliary hanging device 3.

Fourth embodiment

The present embodiment is the alternate embodiment of first embodiment, in the present embodiment, make the boom 31 of auxiliary hanging device 3 by Gradually towards main hanging device 2 rotate so as to the second end (one end being connect with auxiliary hanging device 3) on lifting part 1 relative to First end (one end connecting with main hanging device 2) rotates clockwise.In the process, the rotation that remains a constant speed is needed, to improve Stability and safety.

5th embodiment

The present embodiment is the alternate embodiment of fourth embodiment, in the present embodiment, so as to the second end on lifting part 1 When relative to first end rotation, auxiliary hanging device 3 can be made mobile towards main hanging device 2, be gradually reduced main hanging device 2 with it is auxiliary The distance between hanging device 3.Auxiliary hanging device 3 need to remain a constant speed advance, to improve stability and safety.

Sixth embodiment

The present embodiment is the alternate embodiment of fourth embodiment, in the present embodiment, is made to the second end phase on lifting part 1 When for first end rotation, the boom 31 of auxiliary hanging device 3 can be made to rotate towards main hanging device 2, meanwhile, set auxiliary lifting Standby 3 is mobile towards main hanging device 2.

7th embodiment

The present embodiment is the alternate embodiment of first embodiment, in the present embodiment, is made when lifting part 1 is overturn, can be with It rotates the boom 21 of main hanging device 2 gradually towards auxiliary hanging device 3, and keeps main hanging device 2 mobile towards auxiliary hanging device 3, Meanwhile rotate the boom of auxiliary hanging device 3 towards main hanging device 2, and keep auxiliary hanging device 3 mobile towards main hanging device 2, from And make first end and second end to lifting part 1 simultaneously relative to the center rotating to lifting part 1.

It is to be illustrated to what preferable implementation of the invention carried out, but the present invention is not limited to the embodiment, institute above The technical staff in category field can also make various equivalent deformation or replacement without departing from the purpose of the present invention.In addition, In the absence of conflict, the feature in the embodiment of the present invention and embodiment can be combined with each other.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of hanging method, which is characterized in that include the following steps,
Main hanging device and auxiliary hanging device is arranged in S 10;
Main hanging device described in S20 slings the first end to lifting part, and the auxiliary hanging device is by lifting part Two ends are sling, until reaching setting height;
Auxiliary hanging device described in S30 stops lifting, and the main hanging device drive is described to be rotated to lifting part, until described wait hang Piece installing state in a vertical shape.
2. hanging method according to claim 1, which is characterized in that further include step S11 before step S20: will be described It is completed to lifting part assembly, and the first suspension centre is set in the first end to lifting part, in the second end to lifting part Second suspension centre is set.
3. hanging method according to claim 1, which is characterized in that further include step S40 after step S30: making described It is detached to lifting part and the auxiliary hanging device, and will be described in lifting part transfer hanging to fixed frame.
4. hanging method according to claim 3, which is characterized in that will be described to lifting part transfer hanging to the fixation Method on frame are as follows: third suspension centre is set in the first end, the lanyard being connected on the fixed frame and the third are hung Point connection.
5. hanging method according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the main hanging device sling the first end Speed is identical as the speed that the auxiliary hanging device slings the second end.
6. hanging method according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the main hanging device drives described to lifting part turn When dynamic, the first end is rotated relative to the second end.
7. hanging method according to claim 6, which is characterized in that the main hanging device is moved towards the auxiliary hanging device The boom of the dynamic or described main hanging device is rotated towards the auxiliary hanging device.
8. hanging method according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the main hanging device drives described to lifting part turn When dynamic, the second end is rotated relative to the first end.
9. hanging method according to claim 8, which is characterized in that the auxiliary hanging device is moved towards the main hanging device The boom of the dynamic or described auxiliary hanging device is rotated towards the main hanging device.
10. hanging method according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the main hanging device drives described to lifting part When rotation, the first end and the second end are simultaneously relative to the center rotating to lifting part.
CN201910752670.1A 2019-08-15 2019-08-15 A kind of hanging method CN110482405A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910752670.1A CN110482405A (en) 2019-08-15 2019-08-15 A kind of hanging method

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910752670.1A CN110482405A (en) 2019-08-15 2019-08-15 A kind of hanging method

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN110482405A true CN110482405A (en) 2019-11-22

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101301981A (en) * 2008-05-23 2008-11-12 中国石油化工集团公司 Hoisting method
CN101759101A (en) * 2008-12-24 2010-06-30 上海市基础工程公司 Asymmetrical structure air posture adjusting method
CN103058054A (en) * 2012-12-27 2013-04-24 三一重工股份有限公司 Tail device and tail dragging method
CN103072893A (en) * 2013-01-17 2013-05-01 中国核工业二三建设有限公司 Tool and device for overturning vertical equipment in nuclear power plant
CN103241652A (en) * 2013-05-31 2013-08-14 中国海洋石油总公司 Overturning process of heavy equipment

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101301981A (en) * 2008-05-23 2008-11-12 中国石油化工集团公司 Hoisting method
CN101759101A (en) * 2008-12-24 2010-06-30 上海市基础工程公司 Asymmetrical structure air posture adjusting method
CN103058054A (en) * 2012-12-27 2013-04-24 三一重工股份有限公司 Tail device and tail dragging method
CN103072893A (en) * 2013-01-17 2013-05-01 中国核工业二三建设有限公司 Tool and device for overturning vertical equipment in nuclear power plant
CN103241652A (en) * 2013-05-31 2013-08-14 中国海洋石油总公司 Overturning process of heavy equipment

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