CN110447456A - A kind of selenium-enriched edible mushroom production technology - Google Patents

A kind of selenium-enriched edible mushroom production technology Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110447456A
CN110447456A CN201910769019.5A CN201910769019A CN110447456A CN 110447456 A CN110447456 A CN 110447456A CN 201910769019 A CN201910769019 A CN 201910769019A CN 110447456 A CN110447456 A CN 110447456A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
selenium
edible mushroom
enriched
fermentation
enriched edible
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201910769019.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘永贤
胡治国
兰秀
潘丽萍
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Guangxi Xinxigu Technology Co ltd
Guangxi Zhuang Nationality Autonomous Region Academy of Agricultural Sciences
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Guangxi Xinxigu Technology Co ltd
Guangxi Zhuang Nationality Autonomous Region Academy of Agricultural Sciences
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Application filed by Guangxi Xinxigu Technology Co ltd, Guangxi Zhuang Nationality Autonomous Region Academy of Agricultural Sciences filed Critical Guangxi Xinxigu Technology Co ltd
Priority to CN201910769019.5A priority Critical patent/CN110447456A/en
Publication of CN110447456A publication Critical patent/CN110447456A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G18/00Cultivation of mushrooms
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G18/00Cultivation of mushrooms
    • A01G18/20Culture media, e.g. compost

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of selenium-enriched edible mushroom production technologies, it is prepared including (1) selenium-enriched edible mushroom culture medium: the raw materials such as the aqueous compost of cotton seed hulls, sawdust, selenium, corn flour, wheat bran, beancake powder, pulverized limestone, EM bacterium solution being taken to be uniformly mixed with water, fermentation, prepares selenium-enriched edible mushroom culture medium;(2) selenium-enriched edible mushroom is cultivated: aseptically being accessed edible bacterium, is subsequently placed in bacteria-producing room fermentation, sprays sodium selenite solution.Selenium-enriched edible mushroom production technology of the present invention is easy to operate, low cost, handling ease, can carry out circular economy, it is more suitable for the culture medium of edible fungi growth by preparing, and selenium solution is sprayed in the opportune moment of edible fungi growth, it can be shortened the cultivation cycle of edible mushroom, the Se content of edible mushroom is improved simultaneously, and there is huge economic value and broad application prospect.

Description

A kind of selenium-enriched edible mushroom production technology
Technical field
The invention belongs to novel edible bacteria cultivation technical fields, and in particular to a kind of selenium-enriched edible mushroom production technology.
Background technique
Selenium is one of the essential trace elements of the human body, the low selenium state and Keshan disease of human body, cancer, cardiovascular disease, it is white in The disease incidence of more than 40 disease such as barrier, diabetes, AIDS is closely related.Many zooperies also directly confirm that selenium is (especially It is biological source organic selenium) have effects that cancer-resisting, anti-aging etc. are peculiar.Soil selenium deficiency is the problem of whole world is widely present, The territory for having 72% in China is different degrees of Selenium deficiency area, forms the universal low selenium state of food chain, is only mended by wholefood Selenium is difficult to fundamentally improve selenium deficiency situation.How rationally, safely meet humans and animals to the needs of selenium, be humans and animals battalion It is feeding urgently to solve the problems, such as.Edible fungi nutrition is abundant, delicious flavour, unique flavor, and has excellent natural health care valence Value containing enhancing body's immunity and inhibits the physiologically active ingredients such as tumour growth.Using edible mushroom as selenium-rich carrier, culture Selenium-enriched edible mushroom, can play that selenium and edible mushroom be intrinsic and physiological action of collaboration simultaneously.
The development of mushroom industry and modern agriculture is continuously increased the consumption of resource, and limited natural resources is continuous Exhaustion faces scarcity of resources crisis.Meanwhile with people gradually to health more pay attention to, the organic products of selenium-rich more come by People's pursues.Research has shown that inorganic selenium can be converted to organic selenium using edible mushroom during being cultivated bacterium, it can Greatly improve the additional nutrient value of edible mushroom.However, the report for producing selenium-enriched edible mushroom at present is not much and sees, the selenium-rich of system Cultivating method for edible fungi need to be excavated.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to: in view of the deficiency of the prior art, provide a kind of selenium-enriched edible mushroom production skill Art, easy to operate, low cost, can carry out circular economy at handling ease, and the training of edible fungi growth is more suitable for by preparing Base is supported, and sprays selenium solution in the opportune moment of edible fungi growth, can be shortened the cultivation cycle of edible mushroom, while improving edible mushroom Se content.
To achieve the goals above, the invention adopts the following technical scheme:
A kind of selenium-enriched edible mushroom production technology, comprising the following steps:
(1) selenium-enriched edible mushroom culture medium is prepared: taking the aqueous compost 3-10% of cotton seed hulls 20-30%, sawdust 20-30%, selenium, corn Powder 10-20%, wheat bran 10-20%, beancake powder 10-20%, pulverized limestone 0.5-2%, EM bacterium solution 0.5-3%, precipitated calcium carbonate 0.3- 0.8%, surplus is water, is uniformly mixed and is placed under 40-50 DEG C of temperature, humidity 60-80% and dark condition, is sealed by fermentation 7-10 It, it is for the first fermentation to obtain first time tunning;Then Diammonium phosphate (DAP), Diammonium phosphate (DAP) is added to first time tunning Dosage accounts for the 0.1-0.2% of the first time tunning, carries out second and ferments, and controls fermentation temperature at 50~60 DEG C, 3 days After start turning, later primary every turning in 2 days, fermentation time 9~12 days is to get arriving selenium-enriched edible mushroom culture medium;
(2) selenium-enriched edible mushroom is cultivated: aseptically being accessed edible bacterium, is subsequently placed in bacteria-producing room fermentation, temperature control exists 20-25 DEG C, for humid control in 60-85%, it is 55-80% that watering, which keeps the water content of selenium-enriched edible mushroom culture medium, makes edible mushroom Sporophore growth development;When edible button formation, using mass concentration is the sodium selenite solution of 20-80mg/L to edible mushroom It is sprayed, it is complete wet to be sprayed onto edible button, sprays 2 times altogether, every minor tick 3-5 days;It is harvested when fruit body development is completed.
Further, the selenium-enriched edible mushroom culture medium is made of the raw material of following mass percent: cotton seed hulls 30%, wood Consider 25%, the aqueous compost 6% of selenium, corn flour 14%, wheat bran 16%, beancake powder 12%, pulverized limestone 0.1%, EM bacterium solution 1.5%, lightweight carbon to be worth doing Sour calcium 0.5%, Diammonium phosphate (DAP) 0.1%, surplus are water.
Further, the viable count of the EM bacterium solution is not less than 30,000,000,000 CFU/g.
Further, the sawdust is hard deciduous species.
In conclusion the present invention as the above scheme is adopted, has the advantages that
(1) present invention process is simple, easy to operate, and the edible mushroom of production has delicious flavour, full of nutrition, and natural sex is high, resistance to The characteristics of storage, and science is planted, it is big with the edible mushroom density height of the culture medium culture, yield.
(2) culture medium raw materials such as cotton seed hulls, sawdust, wheat bran, corn flour used in the present invention are raw material cheap and easy to get, whole The production cost of a edible mushroom is low, can not only provide a variety of nutrients required for edible mushroom, and also be compliant with nowadays low-carbon The production theory of environmental protection, solves the problems, such as edible fungus culturing scarcity of raw material and rise in price, can reach the mesh for saving production cost , and the effect of output high-quality edible mushroom product.
(3) present invention can accelerate course of fermentation by addition EM bacterium solution on the basis of traditional culture materials of edible fungi raw material, Reduce fermentation time, moreover it is possible to can kill or inhibit pathogenic microorganism, improve the safety of Edible Fungi, there is good economy Value, popularization and application foreground are wide.
Specific embodiment
Below with reference to embodiment to a kind of selenium-enriched edible mushroom production technology of the present invention, it is described further.
Embodiment 1
A kind of mushroom with abundant selenium production technology, comprising the following steps:
(1) selenium-enriched edible mushroom culture medium is prepared: taking cotton seed hulls 30%, hard deciduous species sawdust 25%, the aqueous compost 6% of selenium, jade Rice flour 14%, wheat bran 16%, beancake powder 12%, pulverized limestone 0.1%, EM bacterium solution 1.5%(EM bacterium solution viable count be not less than 30,000,000,000 CFU/g), precipitated calcium carbonate 0.5%, surplus are water, are uniformly mixed and are placed on 40-50 DEG C of temperature, humidity 60-80% and dark item Under part, it is sealed by fermentation 7-10 days, it is for the first fermentation to obtain first time tunning;Then it is added to first time tunning Diammonium phosphate (DAP), Diammonium phosphate (DAP) dosage account for the 0.1% of the first time tunning, carry out second and ferment, and control fermentation temperature exists Start turning after 50~60 DEG C, 3 days, later primary every turning in 2 days, fermentation time 9~12 days is to get arriving mushroom with abundant selenium culture Base;
(2) mushroom with abundant selenium is cultivated: aseptically being accessed flat mushroom strain, is subsequently placed in bacteria-producing room fermentation, temperature is controlled in 20- 25 DEG C, for humid control in 60-70%, it is 55-70% that watering, which keeps the water content of mushroom with abundant selenium culture medium, keeps mushroom carpophore raw Long development;When oyster mushroom flower bud is formed, mass concentration is used to be sprayed for the sodium selenite solution of 20-30mg/L to oyster mushroom, sprayed It is complete wet to oyster mushroom flower bud, it sprays 2 times altogether, every minor tick 3-5 days;It is harvested when fruit body development is completed, mushroom with abundant selenium.
The Se content for being detected its fresh goods is 1.0-3.0mg/kg, according to the requirement standard of human body selenium: Food Selenium supplies To amount 50~250 μ g/d (0.1~0.4 μ g/ml of Blood Selenium);Food Selenium highest 400 μ g/d of amount (0.6 μ g/ of Blood Selenium safe for ingestion ml).Everyone eat daily 40~200g of mushroom with abundant selenium fructification can meet demand, daily edible 400 g that are no more than can guarantee Safety.
Embodiment 2
A kind of selenium-rich hickory chick production technology, comprising the following steps:
(1) selenium-rich hickory chick culture medium is prepared: taking cotton seed hulls 30%, hard deciduous species sawdust 20%, the aqueous compost 5% of selenium, jade Rice flour 12%, wheat bran 10%, beancake powder 10%, pulverized limestone 0.8%, EM bacterium solution 1.2%(EM bacterium solution viable count be not less than 30,000,000,000 CFU/g), precipitated calcium carbonate 0.4%, surplus are water, are uniformly mixed and are placed on 40-50 DEG C of temperature, humidity 60-80% and dark item Under part, it is sealed by fermentation 7-10 days, it is for the first fermentation to obtain first time tunning;Then it is added to first time tunning Diammonium phosphate (DAP), Diammonium phosphate (DAP) dosage account for the 0.1-0.2% of the first time tunning, carry out second and ferment, control fermentation temperature Degree starts turning after 50~60 DEG C, 3 days, later primary every turning in 2 days, and fermentation time 9~12 days is to get arriving selenium-rich sheep tripe Bacterium culture medium;
(2) selenium-rich hickory chick is cultivated: aseptically accessing hickory chick strain, is subsequently placed in bacteria-producing room fermentation, temperature control At 20-23 DEG C, for humid control in 60-65%, it is 60-65% that watering, which keeps the water content of selenium-rich hickory chick culture medium, makes sheep tripe Mushroom entity growth and development;When hickory chick flower bud is formed, using mass concentration is the sodium selenite solution of 40-70mg/L to sheep tripe Bacterium is sprayed, and it is complete wet to be sprayed onto hickory chick flower bud, is sprayed 2 times altogether, every minor tick 3-5 days;It is adopted when fruit body development is completed It receives, obtains selenium-rich hickory chick.
The Se content of selenium-rich hickory chick is 1500-1700mg/kg, and organic selenium content is 97% or more.
Embodiment 3
A kind of selenium-enriched hericium erinaceus production technology, comprising the following steps:
(1) selenium-enriched hericium erinaceus culture medium is prepared: taking cotton seed hulls 28%, hard deciduous species sawdust 30%, the aqueous compost 8% of selenium, jade Rice flour 10%, wheat bran 10%, beancake powder 10%, pulverized limestone 0.5%, EM bacterium solution 1%(EM bacterium solution viable count be not less than 30,000,000,000 CFU/ G), precipitated calcium carbonate 0.3%, surplus are water, are uniformly mixed and are placed under 40-50 DEG C of temperature, humidity 60-80% and dark condition, It is sealed by fermentation 7-10 days, it is for the first fermentation to obtain first time tunning;Then phosphoric acid is added to first time tunning Diammonium, Diammonium phosphate (DAP) dosage account for the 0.1-0.2% of the first time tunning, carry out second and ferment, and control fermentation temperature exists Start turning after 50~60 DEG C, 3 days, it is later primary every turning in 2 days, it is trained to get to selenium-enriched hericium erinaceus within fermentation time 9~12 days Support base;
(2) selenium-enriched hericium erinaceus is cultivated: aseptically being accessed hedgehog fungus bacterial, is subsequently placed in bacteria-producing room fermentation, temperature control At 20-25 DEG C, for humid control in 60-70%, it is 55-60% that watering, which keeps the water content of selenium-enriched hericium erinaceus culture medium, makes to eat Mushroom entity growth and development;When the formation of Hericium erinaceus button, using mass concentration is the sodium selenite solution of 35-45mg/L to monkey Head mushroom be sprayed, and it is complete wet to be sprayed onto Hericium erinaceus button, sprinkling 2 times altogether, every minor tick 3-5 days;When fruit body development is completed Shi Caishou obtains selenium-enriched hericium erinaceus.
The Se content of selenium-enriched hericium erinaceus is 1800-2000mg/kg, and organic selenium content is 96% or more.
The foregoing is merely the preferred embodiments of invention, are not intended to limit the invention, all in spirit of the invention Within principle, any modification, equivalent replacement, improvement and so on be should all be included in the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of selenium-enriched edible mushroom production technology, which comprises the following steps:
(1) selenium-enriched edible mushroom culture medium is prepared: taking the aqueous compost 3-10% of cotton seed hulls 20-30%, sawdust 20-30%, selenium, corn Powder 10-20%, wheat bran 10-20%, beancake powder 10-20%, pulverized limestone 0.5-2%, EM bacterium solution 0.5-3%, precipitated calcium carbonate 0.3- 0.8%, surplus is water, is uniformly mixed and is placed under 40-50 DEG C of temperature, humidity 60-80% and dark condition, is sealed by fermentation 7-10 It, it is for the first fermentation to obtain first time tunning;Then Diammonium phosphate (DAP), Diammonium phosphate (DAP) is added to first time tunning Dosage accounts for the 0.1-0.2% of the first time tunning, carries out second and ferments, and controls fermentation temperature at 50~60 DEG C, 3 days After start turning, later primary every turning in 2 days, fermentation time 9~12 days is to get arriving selenium-enriched edible mushroom culture medium;
(2) selenium-enriched edible mushroom is cultivated: aseptically being accessed edible bacterium, is subsequently placed in bacteria-producing room fermentation, temperature control exists 20-25 DEG C, for humid control in 60-85%, it is 55-80% that watering, which keeps the water content of selenium-enriched edible mushroom culture medium, makes edible mushroom Sporophore growth development;When edible button formation, using mass concentration is the sodium selenite solution of 20-80mg/L to edible mushroom It is sprayed, it is complete wet to be sprayed onto edible button, sprays 2 times altogether, every minor tick 3-5 days;It is harvested when fruit body development is completed.
2. a kind of selenium-enriched edible mushroom production technology according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the selenium-enriched edible mushroom culture Base is made of the raw material of following mass percent: the aqueous compost 6% of cotton seed hulls 30%, sawdust 25%, selenium, corn flour 14%, wheat bran 16%, beancake powder 12%, pulverized limestone 0.1%, EM bacterium solution 1.5%, precipitated calcium carbonate 0.5%, Diammonium phosphate (DAP) 0.1%, surplus are water.
3. a kind of selenium-enriched edible mushroom production technology according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the viable count of the EM bacterium solution Not less than 30,000,000,000 CFU/g.
4. a kind of selenium-enriched edible mushroom production technology according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the sawdust is hard broad-leaved Tree species.
CN201910769019.5A 2019-08-20 2019-08-20 A kind of selenium-enriched edible mushroom production technology Pending CN110447456A (en)

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Application publication date: 20191115