CN110447424A - A kind of autonomous control rhizosphere case - Google Patents

A kind of autonomous control rhizosphere case Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110447424A
CN110447424A CN201910801270.5A CN201910801270A CN110447424A CN 110447424 A CN110447424 A CN 110447424A CN 201910801270 A CN201910801270 A CN 201910801270A CN 110447424 A CN110447424 A CN 110447424A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
rhizosphere
sensitive surface
shell
control
instrument board
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Pending
Application number
CN201910801270.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘寅
钱进
陆卞和
张奕纯
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Hohai University HHU
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Hohai University HHU
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Priority to CN201910801270.5A priority Critical patent/CN110447424A/en
Publication of CN110447424A publication Critical patent/CN110447424A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/02Receptacles, e.g. flower-pots or boxes; Glasses for cultivating flowers
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N1/00Sampling; Preparing specimens for investigation
    • G01N1/02Devices for withdrawing samples
    • G01N1/04Devices for withdrawing samples in the solid state, e.g. by cutting

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of autonomous control rhizosphere casees, including pedestal, shaft, stepper motor, expansion adjusting system, sensitive surface and Two dimensional control compartment.The shaft and stepper motor is combined to be tilted with the free angle of realization device entirety.The expansion adjusting system realizes that the size of rhizosphere cabinet is controllable.Control module is set in the instrument board, and wherein single-chip microcontroller carries out data transmitting and processing.The related data of the described sensitive surface outflow soil environment to instrument board monitor processing, it can be achieved that root growth environment it is controllable.The Two dimensional control partition is detachably taken, and Two dimensional control compartment is relatively thin, in use, two-dimensional surface configuration is presented in plant root growth.The present apparatus solves the problems, such as that the rhizosphere case of fixed size and angle can not be suitable for the normal growth of the plant of variety classes or Root morphology and be unable to monitor and regulate and control the rhizosphere case of soil environment condition parameter to be difficult to ensure that root system of plant is grown under appropriate conditions, the present apparatus has a wide range of application, and manipulation accuracy is high.

Description

A kind of autonomous control rhizosphere case
Technical field
The present invention is a kind of autonomous control rhizosphere case, belongs to plant rhizosphere effect technical field.
Background technique
In the research of plant rhizosphere effect, the physicochemical property of rhizosphere soil helps to recognize the physiological regulating control of root system of plant Mechanism and Influencing Mechanism.The sampling of rhizosphere soil is always the pith in research process.When carrying out indoor culture, research Personnel mostly use greatly the method for establishing rhizosphere case.
It is fixed big for different vegetation types or different plant root species forms however in actual incubation Small, angle rhizosphere case can not adapt to corresponding growth conditions, cause to form mistake for the taking for rhizosphere soil of different plants Difference has such as the multi-functional intelligent rhizosphere case of one kind disclosed in the utility model that patent publication No. is CN204948905U to soil The advantages of earth environment real time monitoring and control, but the body structure of its fixation and size can not cope with different types of plant roots The growth scope requirement of system, it is difficult to accurately and effectively obtain corresponding root soil.The suitable growth conditions of different plants simultaneously Have differences, it is most of can not the rhizosphere case of regulating plant growth environmental factor can cause shadow to the normal growth of root system of plant It rings.A kind of root case examination for plant rhizosphere Environmental Studies as disclosed in the utility model that patent publication No. is CN208833730U Experiment device has sampling accuracy high, the manageable advantage of rhizosphere soil sampling, but existing can not to plant root growth environment The shortcomings that regulation.
Existing the relevant technologies reply variety classes root system of plant adjusting and controlling growth and rhizosphere soil take aspect Effect is unsatisfactory, caused by the result is that not can guarantee different types of root system of plant normal growth and difficulty under appropriate conditions Accurately to take the rhizosphere soil of variety classes plant.It can be by realizing that rhizosphere cabinet size and tilt angle freely may be used Control, rhizosphere environment can monitor control etc. and solve the problems, such as present on.
The plane geometry parameter of root system and the certain parameters for describing spatial configuration have good correlation, i.e. root system Two-dimensional surface configuration characteristic can preferably reflect the 3 D stereo configuration characteristic of root system of plant, so the root system research in part In experiment, normal root system 3 D stereo can be grown the growth for being arranged to two-dimensional surface by experimental design person, for significant correlation Characteristic make research.And at present two dimension and three-dimensional growth rhizosphere case be all it is self-existent, lacking one kind can be used for Three dimensional growth configuration, while can be used for the dual-purpose rhizosphere case of two-dimensional growth configuration under certain condition.According to Root morphology can Plasticity, the stress being artificially arranged can make root growth adjust, finally change Root morphology, so existing rhizosphere case fills Set the wing drop device for also lacking that a kind of angle control accuracy is higher, adjustable range is wide, has good stability.
Summary of the invention
Proposed by the present invention is a kind of autonomous control rhizosphere case, and its object is to for of the existing technology above-mentioned scarce It falls into, a kind of tilt angle for being free to control rhizosphere case is proposed, to regulate and control different types of root system of plant in different experiments Under the conditions of the direction of growth, while by expansion adjusting system control plant growth range, using sensitive surface to plant growth ring Border is monitored regulation, meets the autonomous control rhizosphere case for the needs of variety classes plant grows under conditions of corresponding suitable.
Technical solution of the invention: a kind of autonomous control rhizosphere case, structure include pedestal 1, shell 2, stepping electricity Machine 3, shaft 4, instrument board 5, Two dimensional control compartment 6, expansion adjusting system 7 and sensitive surface 8, the shell are installed on the base, Two sides of base is equipped with two fixed links, and a stepper motor 3 is separately installed in fixed link, and stepper motor 3 connects shell by shaft 4 2, realize the free angle inclination of shell;Two dimensional control compartment 6 is installed in shell 2, is set in shell 2 there are two sensitive surface 8, is felt Face 8 is answered to connect with expansion adjusting system 7, the telescopic action in shell 2;Instrument board 5 is installed on 2 outer surface of shell, instrument board 5 Signal input part connects 8 signal output end of sensitive surface.
The Two dimensional control compartment is removably mounted in shell, long, high identical with tank shell 2, compartment internal diameter be arranged compared with It is thin, it controls within 30mm.
The expansion adjusting system 7 includes servo motor 71 and screw rod 72, and expansion adjusting system 7 connects sensitive surface 8, passes through The horizontal movement of sensitive surface 8 is realized in the transmission of servo motor 71 and screw rod 72.
Control module is set in the instrument board, signal input part of the single-chip microcontroller as instrument board 5 in control module, The signal output end for connecting humidity sensor 82 and voltage sensitive sensor 83, feeds back to single-chip microcontroller after 8 information collection of sensitive surface, passes through Related data is shown on the display interface of instrument board 5 after single-chip microcontroller processing, while the signal of control module connection stepper motor 3 Input terminal.
Drainage hole 81 is arranged in 8 bottom of sensitive surface, and top set activity LED light source 86 is arranged in top, and sensitive surface 8, which is equipped with, seeps Water hole 81, water seepage hole 84 connect water inlet pipe 85, and humidity sensor 82, the output of 82 signal of humidity sensor are equipped with above water seepage hole 81 End connection 5 signal input part of instrument board;
8 surface of sensitive surface is equipped with voltage sensitive sensor 83, and 83 signal output end of voltage sensitive sensor connects instrument board 5.Pressure-sensitive biography It is transmitted to control module in output end after detection the born pressure change of sensitive surface 8 of sensor 83, handles starting step via single-chip microcontroller Into motor 3, the angle of rhizosphere cabinet is adjusted.
The sensitive surface 8 is laid with multiple rows of water seepage hole 81 in different depth, is that the rhizosphere soil of different depth carries out level It supplies water.
6 two sides of Two dimensional control compartment are laid with nylon wire, and root system tissue is avoided to enter other regions by water inlet.
Beneficial effects of the present invention:
One, the present apparatus adds expansion adjusting system, avoids other rhizosphere cabinet sizes and fixes, plant root growth range one Fixed limitation, the present apparatus can cope with the growth conditions of different types of plant or root system by changing cabinet size.
Two, the present apparatus allows rhizosphere case freely to adjust angle using shaft and stepper motor combination control module, The voltage sensitive sensor being wherein placed in sensitive surface is good when providing data source for the setting of angle to guarantee tilt angle Accuracy.
Three, the present apparatus can control experimenter using the combination of sensitive surface, water seepage hole and top set activity LED light source Soil environment inside rhizosphere case builds accordingly suitable growing environment for different types of plant.
Four, the present apparatus is applied widely, is mainly met by the regulation to root growth range and growing environment not of the same race The growth demand of class plant, also can be according to its root type real-time monitoring rhizosphere in particular for the plant present apparatus of different Root morphologies Size, tilt angle of cabinet etc..
Five, the water supply pattern of the present apparatus uses the horizontal water supply pattern of different depth, avoids single vertical water supply pattern Caused by rhizosphere soil micro substance migration deposition, while single vertical water supply pattern can exist to certain specific pollutants matter Restrictive influence is caused in the experimental studies such as variation migration in rhizospheric environment.
Six, the seepage flow hole of present apparatus arrangement is connected to water inlet pipe, in addition to supplying water, can be used for the transmission of the substances such as nutrient solution.
Seven, the rectangle rhizosphere case of script allows the normal three dimensional growth mode of root system of plant, meets root system of plant around Spread the true environment of growth.Increased Two dimensional control compartment is the requirement in order to meet some related root experiments simultaneously, will The growth control of root system of plant is similar in the space of two-dimensional surface at one, and root system is grown along thin-walled is presented two dimensional configurations, just In the measurement to each parameter of Root morphology.
Using simply, each module of device is detachably used for present apparatus maintenance, convenient for cleaning and replacement component.
Detailed description of the invention
Attached drawing 1 is the structural schematic diagram of autonomous control rhizosphere case.
Attached drawing 2 is autonomous control rhizosphere case expansion adjusting system structural schematic diagram.
Attached drawing 3 is autonomous control rhizosphere case sensitive surface front view.
1 is pedestal in figure, 2 be rhizosphere tank shell, 3 be stepper motor, 4 be shaft, 5 be instrument board, 6 be Two dimensional control every Room, 7 be expansion adjusting system, 71 be servo motor, 72 be screw rod, 8 be sensitive surface, 81 be drainage hole, 82 be humidity sensor, 83 it is voltage sensitive sensor, 84 be water seepage hole, 85 be water inlet pipe, 86 is top set activity LED light source.
Specific embodiment
Below with reference to the attached drawing in the present invention, technical solution is implemented to the present invention and is further described.
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of autonomous control rhizosphere case includes pedestal 1, rhizosphere tank shell 2.In the rhizosphere tank shell 2 Include sensitive surface 8 and Two dimensional control compartment 6.The sensitive surface 8 realizes telescopic movable by expansion adjusting system 7, convenient for control The size of cabinet processed.The Two dimensional control compartment 6 can need to dismantle according to specific research takes, length and width and rhizosphere Tank shell 2 is identical, and width setting is relatively thin, therefore can be needed well according to some experiments by the growth two dimension of root system of plant Planarization.Setting shaft 4, stepper motor 3 realize the free inclination of entire rhizosphere case apparatus outside the rhizosphere tank shell 2.Institute Instrument board 5 is arranged on the surface for the rhizosphere tank shell 2 stated, two inductions of setting control module and connection in the instrument board 5 Face 8 is shown the intracorporal ambient parameter data of rhizosphere case, while being realized using water inlet, light control and free inclination setting to root The intracorporal environmental treatment control of border case.
As shown in Fig. 2, the expansion adjusting system 7 includes servo motor 71 and screw rod 72.Expansion adjusting system 7 connects Sensitive surface 8, the horizontal movement of sensitive surface 8 is realized by the transmission of servo motor 71 and screw rod 72, to adjust the size of cabinet, The growth conditions of suitable size is provided for variety classes root system.
As shown in figure 3, the sensitive surface 8 lays two rows of seepage flow hole 81 in different depth, it can be to plant in different depth Object root system provides moisture.Humidity sensor 81, the humidity condition in real-time monitoring soil, reflection are arranged above the seepage flow hole On instrument board 5, the water inlet that can control seepage flow hole 84 maintains soil moisture to be in appropriate state.The water seepage hole 84 connects Water inlet pipe 85, guarantee supply water.Drainage hole 81 is arranged in 8 bottom of sensitive surface, makes water discharge extra in rhizosphere case.It is described 8 surface of sensitive surface on arrange voltage sensitive sensor 83, voltage sensitive sensor 83 reflects the stress size variation of sensitive surface 8, will count According to being shown on instrument board 5.Voltage sensitive sensor 83 transmits the control mould in signal to instrument board 5 when sensing pressure change Block then starts stepper motor 3 and device is allowed to carry out free inclination around shaft 4, realizes angle regulation.In the sensitive surface 8 It arranges top set activity LED light source 86, is provided according to different requirement of experiment and stablize suitable illumination condition.
Embodiment 1
Suitable cabinet size is arranged using expansion adjusting system according to the demand of research experiment and root system of plant type first.Root Judge whether to need to be inserted into Two dimensional control compartment according to experiment purpose.It, can be by the life of root system of plant when being inserted into Two dimensional control compartment In the space of similar two-dimensional surface, Two dimensional control compartment length, height are equal to the size of rhizosphere cabinet, compartment internal diameter for long control Within 30mm, root system is grown along thin-walled is presented two dimensional configurations, convenient for that can measure each morphological parameters of root system, to push rhizosphere The normal development of micro- domain correlative study.Floristics and actual conditions are combined in cultivating process, and seepage flow is adjusted on instrument board The inflow in hole and the luminosity of LED light source guarantee the good growth of plant.Acquire Rhizosphere Soil when successively disassembly control compartment and Sensitive surface realizes the separation acquisition of rhizosphere soil.
Although above in conjunction with attached drawing, invention has been described, and the invention is not limited to above-mentioned specific implementations Mode, the above mentioned embodiment is only schematical, rather than restrictive, and those skilled in the art are at this Under the enlightenment of invention, without deviating from the spirit of the invention, many variations can also be made, these belong to of the invention Within protection scope.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of autonomous control rhizosphere case, it is characterized in that its structure includes pedestal (1), shell (2), stepper motor (3), shaft (4), instrument board (5), Two dimensional control compartment (6), expansion adjusting system (7) and sensitive surface (8), the shell are mounted on pedestal On, two sides of base is equipped with two fixed links, is separately installed with a stepper motor (3) in fixed link, stepper motor (3) passes through shaft (4) shell (2) are connected, realizes the free angle inclination of shell;Two dimensional control compartment (6) is installed in shell (2), shell (2) There are two inside setting sensitive surface (8), sensitive surface (8) is connect with expansion adjusting system (7), in shell (2) interior telescopic action;Instrument Disk (5) is installed on shell (2) outer surface, and instrument board (5) signal input part connects sensitive surface (8) signal output end.
2. a kind of autonomous control rhizosphere case according to claim 1, it is characterized in that the Two dimensional control compartment is detachably pacified Loaded in shell, long, high identical as tank shell (2), compartment internal diameter is less than 30mm.
3. a kind of autonomous control rhizosphere case according to claim 1, it is characterized in that the expansion adjusting system (7) includes to watch Motor (71) and screw rod (72) are taken, expansion adjusting system (7) connects sensitive surface (8), passes through servo motor (71) and screw rod (72) Transmission realize sensitive surface (8) horizontal movement.
4. a kind of autonomous control rhizosphere case according to claim 1, it is characterized in that control module is set in the instrument board, Signal input part of the single-chip microcontroller as instrument board (5) in control module connects humidity sensor (82) and voltage sensitive sensor (83) signal output end feeds back to single-chip microcontroller after sensitive surface (8) information collection, and related data is in instrument after single-chip microcontroller is handled It is shown on the display interface of dial plate (5), while the signal input part of control module connection stepper motor (3).
5. a kind of autonomous control rhizosphere case according to claim 1, it is characterized in that the setting draining of the sensitive surface (8) bottom Hole (81), top be arranged top set activity LED light source (86), sensitive surface (8) be equipped with water seepage hole (81), water seepage hole (84) connect into Water pipe (85), water seepage hole (81) top are equipped with humidity sensor (82), and humidity sensor (82) signal output end connects instrument board (5) signal input part;
Sensitive surface (8) surface is equipped with voltage sensitive sensor (83), and voltage sensitive sensor (83) signal output end connects instrument board (5), it is transmitted to control module in output end after voltage sensitive sensor (83) detection sensitive surface (8) born pressure change, via list Piece machine processing starting stepper motor (3) adjusts the angle of rhizosphere cabinet.
6. a kind of autonomous control rhizosphere case according to claim 1, it is characterized in that the sensitive surface (8) is in different depth cloth It is that the rhizosphere soil of different depth carries out horizontal water supply equipped with multiple rows of water seepage hole (81).
7. a kind of autonomous control rhizosphere case according to claim 1, it is characterized in that Two dimensional control compartment (6) two sides are spread If nylon wire, root system tissue is avoided to enter other regions by water inlet.
CN201910801270.5A 2019-08-28 2019-08-28 A kind of autonomous control rhizosphere case Pending CN110447424A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111328586A (en) * 2020-04-20 2020-06-26 河海大学 Plant incubator for soil pollutant input control and dynamic monitoring

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102511365A (en) * 2011-12-15 2012-06-27 上海市农业生物基因中心 Method for measuring configuration and morphology of rice seedling root
CN105929137A (en) * 2016-06-13 2016-09-07 福建农林大学 Device and method for drawing rhizospheric planar pH distribution diagram
CN106645670A (en) * 2016-11-21 2017-05-10 南京大学 Root box experiment device for plant root environment research
CN106688666A (en) * 2016-11-29 2017-05-24 暨南大学 Plant rhizosphere box and application thereof in micro-domain research of wet land plant rhizosphere
CN206339557U (en) * 2017-01-10 2017-07-18 福建农林大学 The root case apparatus of different depth soil conditions can be detected in real time
CN206575902U (en) * 2017-01-22 2017-10-24 河北大学 Adjustable many interlayer root casees
CN108271563A (en) * 2018-02-07 2018-07-13 福州南瑞生物科技有限公司 A kind of root growth observation device and its image capturing system
CN208354081U (en) * 2018-06-01 2019-01-11 重庆工业职业技术学院 A kind of three Room root case experimental provision of more interlayers
CN109247157A (en) * 2018-09-21 2019-01-22 华南农业大学 A kind of movable in-situ study root case and its application method

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102511365A (en) * 2011-12-15 2012-06-27 上海市农业生物基因中心 Method for measuring configuration and morphology of rice seedling root
CN105929137A (en) * 2016-06-13 2016-09-07 福建农林大学 Device and method for drawing rhizospheric planar pH distribution diagram
CN106645670A (en) * 2016-11-21 2017-05-10 南京大学 Root box experiment device for plant root environment research
CN106688666A (en) * 2016-11-29 2017-05-24 暨南大学 Plant rhizosphere box and application thereof in micro-domain research of wet land plant rhizosphere
CN206339557U (en) * 2017-01-10 2017-07-18 福建农林大学 The root case apparatus of different depth soil conditions can be detected in real time
CN206575902U (en) * 2017-01-22 2017-10-24 河北大学 Adjustable many interlayer root casees
CN108271563A (en) * 2018-02-07 2018-07-13 福州南瑞生物科技有限公司 A kind of root growth observation device and its image capturing system
CN208354081U (en) * 2018-06-01 2019-01-11 重庆工业职业技术学院 A kind of three Room root case experimental provision of more interlayers
CN109247157A (en) * 2018-09-21 2019-01-22 华南农业大学 A kind of movable in-situ study root case and its application method

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111328586A (en) * 2020-04-20 2020-06-26 河海大学 Plant incubator for soil pollutant input control and dynamic monitoring

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