CN110419748A - A kind of structure improved potato washing device for peeling - Google Patents

A kind of structure improved potato washing device for peeling Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110419748A
CN110419748A CN201910818599.2A CN201910818599A CN110419748A CN 110419748 A CN110419748 A CN 110419748A CN 201910818599 A CN201910818599 A CN 201910818599A CN 110419748 A CN110419748 A CN 110419748A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cavity
partition
round tube
several
potato
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201910818599.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
魏逸翔
吴哲
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Zhejiang Ocean University ZJOU
Original Assignee
Zhejiang Ocean University ZJOU
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Zhejiang Ocean University ZJOU filed Critical Zhejiang Ocean University ZJOU
Priority to CN201910818599.2A priority Critical patent/CN110419748A/en
Publication of CN110419748A publication Critical patent/CN110419748A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N12/00Machines for cleaning, blanching, drying or roasting fruits or vegetables, e.g. coffee, cocoa, nuts
    • A23N12/02Machines for cleaning, blanching, drying or roasting fruits or vegetables, e.g. coffee, cocoa, nuts for washing or blanching
    • A23N12/023Machines for cleaning, blanching, drying or roasting fruits or vegetables, e.g. coffee, cocoa, nuts for washing or blanching for washing potatoes, apples or similarly shaped vegetables or fruit
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N7/00Peeling vegetables or fruit
    • A23N7/02Peeling potatoes, apples or similarly shaped vegetables or fruit

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of structure improved potato washing device for peeling, belong to machining equipment technical field.The present invention includes ontology, first partition, second partition, third partition, 4th partition, round tube, driving mechanism, feeding mechanism, wiper mechanism, conveying mechanism and peeling mechanism, first partition, second partition, cavity is successively separated into the first cavity by third partition and the 4th partition from top to bottom, second cavity, third cavity, 4th cavity and the 5th cavity, round tube is rotatably arranged in ontology, driving mechanism can drive round tube to rotate, the potato entered in round tube can be equably delivered in the second cavity by feeding mechanism, wiper mechanism can clean the potato in the second cavity, potato after the completion of second oral rinses can be delivered in the 4th cavity by conveying mechanism, peeling mechanism can be removed into the epidermis of potato in the 4th cavity.The present invention can Rapid Cleaning potato and give potato decortication, it is simple and practical.

Description

A kind of structure improved potato washing device for peeling
Technical field
The invention belongs to machining equipment technical fields, are related to a kind of structure improved potato washing device for peeling.
Background technique
Potato belongs to tuber crops, it is both dish and grain, full of nutrition, and content of starch reaches 11%-25%, and egg White matter nutritive value is very high, easy to digest and absorb, and native land beans have miscellaneous deep processed product.
Since potato is grown in soil, need to go the operation of mud and peeling before deep processing through over cleaning.At this stage, Mud is removed in the cleaning of potato and peeling operation is divided into two kinds of processes, and carries out in different regions, needs to occupy biggish space, Production cost is increased, and the labor intensity of operator is larger, and working efficiency is lower.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is there is the above problem in view of the prior art, a kind of structure improved potato washing is proposed Device for peeling, can Rapid Cleaning potato and give potato decortication, improve work efficiency, reduce labor intensity, reduce Space occupancy rate.
Object of the invention can be realized by the following technical scheme:
A kind of structure improved potato washing device for peeling, including ontology, the ontology is cylindrical, sets in the ontology There is cavity;
First partition, second partition, third partition and the 4th partition, the first partition, second partition, third partition and 4th partition is successively set on from top to bottom in ontology, and the first partition, second partition, third partition and the 4th partition will be empty Chamber is successively separated into the first cavity, the second cavity, third cavity, the 4th cavity and the 5th cavity from top to bottom, and described first is empty Intracavitary to fill water, the downside of the first partition is equipped with several spray heads, several described spray heads are connected with the first cavity;
Round tube, the round tube, which rotates coaxially, to be arranged in ontology, and the top of ontology, the circle are stretched out in the upper end of the round tube The bottom of ontology is stretched out in the lower end of pipe and end is installed with sealing plate;
Driving mechanism, the driving mechanism can drive round tube to rotate;
The potato entered in round tube can be equably delivered to by feeding mechanism, the feeding mechanism using the rotation of round tube In second cavity;
Wiper mechanism, the wiper mechanism can utilize the potato in rotation the second cavity of cleaning of round tube;
Potato after the completion of second oral rinses can be delivered in the 4th cavity by conveying mechanism, the conveying mechanism;
Mechanism is removed the peel, the peeling mechanism can be removed into the epidermis of potato in the 4th cavity using the rotation of round tube.
In above-mentioned structure improved potato washing device for peeling, the driving mechanism includes:
Shaft, the shaft are vertically installed on the downside of sealing plate;
Motor, the motor are installed in the bottom of ontology, and the output shaft of the motor is connected with rotating shaft transmission.
In above-mentioned structure improved potato washing device for peeling, the feeding mechanism includes:
Fixing axle, the fixing axle by fixed frame it is vertical it is fixed on the body, the lower end of the fixing axle extend into circle It is coaxially disposed in pipe and with round tube, the fixing axle in round tube is equipped with spiral guide slot;
Slanting baffle, the slanting baffle are inclined in round tube, and the slanting baffle is located at the lower section of fixing axle;
Opening, the opening penetrate through on the round tube side wall being arranged in the second cavity, the slanting baffle lower one Side is concordant with the bottom of opening.
In above-mentioned structure improved potato washing device for peeling, the wiper mechanism includes:
Several fixed links, several described fixed links are circumferentially equably installed in the round tube in the second cavity On, the downside of the fixed link is equipped with hairbrush;
Several third rotating bars, circumferentially uniform rotation is arranged in the second cavity to several described third rotating bars On interior round tube, the third rotating bar is located at the lower section of hairbrush;
Structure is stirred, the structure of stirring can be such that the potato realization in the second cavity turns over up and down using the rotation of round tube It is dynamic;
The sewage in the second cavity can be discharged in discharge structure, the discharge structure.
In above-mentioned structure improved potato washing device for peeling, the structure of stirring includes:
Drainboard, the drainboard level are installed in the lower section in the second cavity and being located at third rotating bar;
Several first perforation, several described first punched intervals are uniformly arranged on drainboard, and described first wears Rubber stock is inserted in hole, the lower end of the rubber stock is equipped with the second permanent magnet, is arranged with first on the rubber stock Reset spring, the first back-moving spring is between drainboard and the second permanent magnet, when first back-moving spring is in relaxation shape State, the upside face contact of second permanent magnet and second partition, the second partition are made of non-magnetic material;
Several first permanent magnets, several described first permanent magnets are circumferentially installed in the round tube in third cavity On, the magnetic pole of first permanent magnet and the second permanent magnet is opposite.
In above-mentioned structure improved potato washing device for peeling, the discharge structure includes:
Several discharge orifices, several described discharge orifices are evenly arranged on drainboard;
Header tank, the header tank are installed in the outside of ontology, and level is equipped with filter screen in the header tank;
Water inlet pipe, one end of the water inlet pipe are connected with the bottom of the second cavity, the top phase of the other end and header tank Connection.
In above-mentioned structure improved potato washing device for peeling, the conveying mechanism includes:
Discharge hole and feed opening, the discharge hole are arranged in the second cavity, and the feed opening is arranged in the 4th cavity, The bottom of the discharge hole is higher than drainboard;
Guide case, the guide case are arranged on the side wall of ontology, and guide chamber, the guide case are equipped in the guide case Upper opening, the upper opening and discharge hole face are included, the discharge hole is connected by upper opening with guide chamber;Under shed, institute Under shed and feed opening face are stated, the feed opening is connected by under shed with guide chamber;Stock guide, the stock guide inclination are set It sets in guide chamber, the left side of the stock guide and the bottom of under shed are concordant;Third through-hole, the third through-hole setting are being led Expect the right side of chamber;Motion bar, the motion bar level are slidably arranged in third through-hole, and one end of the motion bar, which is extend into, leads Expect that intracavitary and end is installed with sealing plate, the other end of the motion bar extends to the outside of guide case and end is installed with limit Plate is arranged with second back-moving spring on the motion bar, and the second back-moving spring is between guide case and limit plate, Under the action of two reset springs, upper opening can be sealed and generate pressing force by the sealing plate.
In above-mentioned structure improved potato washing device for peeling, the peeling mechanism includes:
Several first rotating bars, several described first rotating bars are circumferentially rotatably arranged in the 4th cavity On round tube, several rubber convex blocks are evenly provided on the outside of first rotating bar;
Fixed plate, the fixed plate level are installed between third partition and the first rotating bar, and the fixed plate is equipped with Several second perforation, it is described second perforation in be inserted with rubber slide bar, the upper end of the rubber slide bar resets bullet by third Spring and third partition are connected, and fixed plate is stretched out in the lower end of the rubber slide bar;
First through hole, the 4th partition are equipped with first through hole, and the 4th cavity is empty by first through hole and the 5th Chamber is connected;
Several second rotating bars, several described second rotating bars are circumferentially rotatably arranged in the 5th cavity On round tube, several rubber convex blocks are evenly provided on the outside of second rotating bar;
Several rubber salient points, several rubber salient points are evenly provided on the upper and lower side and the 5th of the 4th partition The bottom of cavity.
In above-mentioned structure improved potato washing device for peeling, the bottom of the ontology is equipped with the second through-hole, described Second through-hole is connected with the 5th cavity, and the bottom of the ontology is equipped with several supporting legs, is installed with and connects on the supporting leg Material frame, the splicing frame are located at the lower section of the second through-hole.
In above-mentioned structure improved potato washing device for peeling, the ontology is equipped with electric water pump, described to catchment The bottom of case is equipped with drainpipe, and the water inlet of the electric water pump is connected by drainpipe with header tank, the electric water pump Water outlet is connected by hose with the first cavity.
Compared with prior art, the invention has the following advantages that
1, potato is put into round tube, starts motor, driven round tube rotation, lead the spiral on round tube inner wall and fixing axle It relatively rotates to slot, then potato by opening by being fallen on even drop down to slanting baffle under the action of spiral guide slot It falls on the rubber stock in the second cavity, by adjusting the velocity of rotation of round tube, can control the speed of potato whereabouts, make the Suitable potato is remained in two cavitys, it is ensured that all potatoes are cleaned;
2, round tube rotation drives the rotation of the first permanent magnet, the first permanent magnet and the second permanent magnetism magnetic pole iron on the contrary, generating repulsion Power, the second permanent magnet positioned at the first permanent magnet upper area are moved up by repulsive force, and first back-moving spring is compressed, should Rubber stock in region jacks up potato, since the rubber stock position around the region is lower, so that potato stirs, When the second permanent magnet that leaves with permanent magnet the region, second permanent magnet in the region loses repulsive force, the rubber in the region Glue stock moves down under the action of first back-moving spring and returns to initial position, by the rotation of the first permanent magnet, makes first Permanent magnet moves up and down by the rubber stock in region, ceaselessly stirs the potato on rubber stock, then pass through third rotating bar Rotation, the potato on rubber stock is stirred, the position of potato is made constantly to change, then spray head is sprayed water downwards, The soil on each potato surface is rinsed, then removes the soil on potato surface by the hairbrush in fixed link, improves the cleaning of potato Efficiency;
3, the sewage in the second cavity is flowed into header tank by water inlet pipe, and sewage passes through filter screen, filters out silt Equal impurity, finally flow into the bottom of header tank, start electric water pump, are directly taken out water filtered in header tank by drainpipe It is drawn onto the first cavity, sprays again by spray head for cleaning potato, realization recycles, and saves water resource;
4, after the completion of potato washing, limit plate is pulled to the right, makes sealing plate far from upper opening, then passes through third rotating bar Rotation, the potato after the completion of cleaning is dropped into guide chamber by discharge hole, by inclined stock guide slide to the 4th sky Intracavitary, friction of the potato by the rubber salient point on the 4th partition and rubber convex block in the first rotating bar, epidermis starts shedding off, by It is equipped with the rubber slide bar slided up and down in the top of the 4th cavity, makes different size of potato that can be rubbed by rubber slide bar It wipes, as potato is dialed to first through hole by the rotation of the first rotating bar, is fallen in the 5th cavity from first through hole, then again The friction of rubber convex block on the secondary rubber salient point by the 5th cavity and the second rotating bar, the epidermis of potato are thoroughly removed, It is finally moved to the second through-hole, is then fallen towards on splicing frame, the efficiency of peeling is improved, it is time saving and energy saving.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is structural schematic diagram of the invention;
Fig. 2 is the cross-sectional view in Fig. 1 at A-A;
Cross-sectional view in Fig. 3 in Fig. 1 at B-B;
Fig. 4 is the cross-sectional view in Fig. 1 at C-C;
Fig. 5 is the cross-sectional view in Fig. 1 at D-D;
Fig. 6 is the cross-sectional view in Fig. 1 at E-E;
Fig. 7 is the cross-sectional view in Fig. 1 at F-F;
Fig. 8 is the partial enlarged view in Fig. 1 at G;
Fig. 9 is the partial enlarged view in Fig. 1 at H;
Figure 10 is the structural schematic diagram of guide case.
In figure, 1, ontology;11, first partition;111, spray head;12, second partition;13, third partition;14, the 4th partition; 141, first through hole;142, feed opening;15, the first cavity;16, the second cavity;161, discharge hole;17, third cavity;171, One permanent magnet;18, the 4th cavity;181, feed opening;182, the first rotating bar;183, rubber convex block;184, rubber salient point;19, 5th cavity;191, the second through-hole;192, the second rotating bar;2, round tube;21, horn mouth;22, slanting baffle;23, fixing axle; 231, fixed frame;24, it is open;25, sealing plate;251, shaft;252, first bevel gear;3, fixed link;31, hairbrush;32, third turns Lever;321, rubber quarter butt;33, drainboard;331, the first perforation;332, rubber stock;333, first back-moving spring;334, Two permanent magnets;335, discharge orifice;4, header tank;41, water inlet pipe;42, filter screen;43, drainpipe;5, electric water pump;6, guide Case;61, guide chamber;611, upper opening;612, under shed;62, stock guide;63, third through-hole;64, motion bar;641, sealing plate; 642, limit plate;643, second back-moving spring;65, electromagnet;651, connecting plate;66, controller;7, fixed plate;71, it second wears Hole;72, rubber slide bar;73, third reset spring;8, splicing frame;81, supporting leg;9, motor;91, second bevel gear.
Specific embodiment
Following is a specific embodiment of the present invention in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, technical scheme of the present invention will be further described, However, the present invention is not limited to these examples.
As shown in Fig. 1 to 10, a kind of structure improved potato washing device for peeling, including ontology 1, first partition 11, It two partitions 12, third partition 13, the 4th partition 14, round tube 2, driving mechanism, feeding mechanism, wiper mechanism, conveying mechanism and goes Skin mechanism.
The ontology 1 is cylindrical, is equipped with cavity in the ontology 1.
The first partition 11, second partition 12, third partition 13 and the 4th partition 14 are successively set on this from top to bottom In body 1, the first partition 11, second partition 12, third partition 13 and the 4th partition 14 successively separate cavity from top to bottom At the first cavity 15, the second cavity 16, third cavity 17, the 4th cavity 18 and the 5th cavity 19, first cavity 15 is built-in Full water, the downside of the first partition 11 are equipped with several spray heads 111, several described spray heads 111 with the first cavity 15 It is connected.
The round tube 2, which rotates coaxially, to be arranged in ontology 1, and the upper end of the round tube 2 stretches out the top of ontology 1 and end is set There is horn mouth 21, the lower end of the round tube 2 stretches out the bottom of ontology 1 and end is installed with sealing plate 25.
The driving mechanism can drive round tube 2 to rotate.
The potato entered in round tube 2 can be equably delivered to the second sky using the rotation of round tube 2 by the feeding mechanism In chamber 16.
The wiper mechanism can utilize the potato in rotation the second cavity 16 of cleaning of round tube 2.
Potato after the completion of the conveying mechanism can clean the second cavity 16 is delivered in the 4th cavity 18.
The peeling mechanism can be removed into the epidermis of potato in the 4th cavity 18 using the rotation of round tube 2.
Start driving mechanism, drives round tube 2 to rotate, potato is put into round tube 2, round tube 2 will be entered by feeding mechanism Interior potato is equably delivered in the second cavity 16, and spray head 111 is sprayed water into the second cavity 16, and wiper mechanism cleaning second is empty Potato in chamber 16, the potato cleaned are transported in the 4th cavity 18 by conveying mechanism, then are removed by removing the peel mechanism The epidermis of potato in 4th cavity 18, realization Rapid Cleaning potato simultaneously give potato decortication, save manually-operated trouble, improve Working efficiency.
Specifically, the driving mechanism includes shaft 251 and motor 9.
The shaft 251 is vertically installed on the downside of sealing plate 25, is installed with first bevel gear in the shaft 251 252。
The motor 9 is installed in the bottom of ontology 1, and second bevel gear 91 is installed on the output shaft of the motor 9, described First bevel gear 252 and the engagement connection of second bevel gear 91, the motor 9 are electrically connected with external power supply.
Starting motor 9 drives second bevel gear 91 to rotate, and drives round tube 2 to rotate by first bevel gear 252, structure letter Single, transmission efficiency is high.
Specifically, the feeding mechanism includes fixing axle 23, slanting baffle 22 and opening 24.
The fixing axle 23 is installed on ontology 1 vertically by fixed frame 231, and the lower end of the fixing axle 23 extend into circle It is coaxially disposed in pipe 2 and with round tube 2, the fixing axle 23 in round tube 2 is equipped with spiral guide slot 232.
The slanting baffle 22 is inclined in round tube 2, and the slanting baffle 22 is located at the lower section of fixing axle 23.
The opening 24 is arranged on 2 side wall of round tube in the second cavity 16, and the slanting baffle 22 is far from round tube 2 The side at end is concordant with the bottom of opening 24.
Since fixing axle 23 is coaxially installed in round tube 2, when round tube 2 rotates, on the inner wall and fixing axle 23 of round tube 2 Spiral guide slot 232 relatively rotates, and moves downward the potato in round tube 2 by spiral guide slot 232, falls to oblique gear On plate 22, it is then snapped down to the lowest part of slanting baffle 22, is fallen in the second cavity 16 by opening 24, by adjusting round tube 2 Velocity of rotation, can control potato whereabouts speed, make to remain suitable potato in the second cavity 16, avoid potato too The rotation of more limitation third rotating bars 32, influences the cleaning efficiency of potato.
Specifically, the wiper mechanism include several fixed links 3, several third rotating bars 32, stir structure and Discharge structure.
It is described on the circumferentially spaced round tube 2 being equably installed in the second cavity 16 of several described fixed links 3 The downside of fixed link 3 is equipped with hairbrush 31.
Several circumferentially spaced uniform rotations of third rotating bar 32 are arranged in the round tube 2 in the second cavity 16 On, the third rotating bar 32 is located at the lower section of fixed link 3, it is preferable that the third rotating bar 32 is equipped with several rubber Quarter butt 321.
Preferably, several fixed links 3 and several about 32 interlaced arrangements of third rotating bar, when potato is in third It is moved under the stirring action of rotating bar 32, is and then contacted with the hairbrush 31 horizontally rotated, hairbrush 31 is washed away The different location of potato improves cleaning efficiency.
The structure of stirring can be such that the potato realization in the second cavity 16 stirs up and down using the rotation of round tube 2.
The sewage in the second cavity 16 can be discharged in the discharge structure.
Potato is fallen in the second cavity 16 by opening 24, is stirred structure using the rotation of round tube 2 and is stirred potato up and down, Third rotating bar 32 horizontally rotates simultaneously, constantly position of the change potato in the second cavity 16,31 turns of hairbrush in fixed link 3 The dynamic soil for washing away each potato surface, improves the cleaning efficiency of potato, and the sewage after cleaning is discharged by discharge structure, avoids Sewage pollutes the potato that cleaning is completed again.
Specifically, the structure of stirring includes drainboard 33, several the first perforation 331 and several first permanent magnets 171。
33 level of drainboard is installed in the second cavity 16 and is located at the lower section of third rotating bar 32.
Several evenly spaced settings of first perforation 331 plug in first perforation 331 on drainboard 33 There is rubber stock 332, drainboard 33 is stretched out in the upper end of the rubber stock 332, and the lower end of the rubber stock 332 is equipped with second Permanent magnet 334 is arranged with first back-moving spring 333 on the rubber stock 332, and the first back-moving spring 333 is located at draining Between plate 33 and the second permanent magnet 334, when first back-moving spring 333 is in relaxed state, second permanent magnet 334 and second The upside face contact of partition 12, the second partition 12 are made of non-magnetic material.
Preferably, the horizontal distance between two neighboring rubber stock 332 is 15mm.
Several described first permanent magnets 171 are circumferentially equably installed on the round tube 2 in third cavity 17, institute The magnetic pole for stating the first permanent magnet 171 and the second permanent magnet 334 is opposite.
Preferably, first permanent magnet 171 is 4.
The round tube 2 rotation drives the rotation of the first permanent magnet 171, due to the first permanent magnet 171 and the second permanent magnet 334 Magnetic pole is on the contrary, generate repulsive force, positioned at effect of second permanent magnet 334 by repulsive force of 171 upper area of the first permanent magnet It moves up, first back-moving spring 333 is compressed, and the rubber stock 332 in the region jacks up potato, around the region 332 position of rubber stock is lower, stirs potato, when the first permanent magnet 171 leaves second permanent magnet 334 in the region When, second permanent magnet 334 in the region loses repulsive force, the effect of the rubber stock 332 in the region in first back-moving spring 333 Under move down and return to initial position, by the rotation of the first permanent magnet 171, make the first permanent magnet 171 by the rubber in region Stock 332 moves up and down, and ceaselessly stirs the potato on rubber stock 332, improves the cleaning efficiency of potato.
Specifically, the discharge structure includes header tank 4, water inlet pipe 41 and several discharge orifices 335.
Several described discharge orifices 335 are evenly arranged on drainboard 33.
The header tank 4 is installed in the outside of ontology 1, and level is equipped with filter screen 42 in the header tank 4.
One end of the water inlet pipe 41 is connected with the bottom of the second cavity 16, and the other end is connected with the top of header tank 4 It is logical.
The sewage for having rinsed potato is flowed on second partition 12 by discharge orifice 335, is discharged finally by water inlet pipe 41 Into header tank 4, due to being equipped with filter screen 42 in header tank 4, silt in filter sewage reuses sewage, mentions The utilization rate of Gao Shui.
Specifically, the conveying mechanism includes discharge hole 161, feed opening 181 and guide case 6.
The discharge hole 161 is arranged in the second cavity 16, and the feed opening 181 is arranged in the 4th cavity 18, described The bottom of discharge hole 161 is higher than drainboard 33.
The guide case 6 is arranged on the side wall of ontology 1, is equipped with guide chamber 61, the guide case 6 in the guide case 6 Including upper opening 611, under shed 612, stock guide 62, third through-hole 63 and motion bar 64, the upper opening 611 and discharge hole 161 faces, the discharge hole 161 are connected by upper opening 611 with guide chamber 61, and the under shed 612 and feed opening 181 are just Right, the feed opening 181 is connected by under shed 612 with guide chamber 61, and the stock guide 62 is inclined in guide chamber 61, The distance of the left side of the stock guide 62 to 61 bottom of guide chamber is less than distance of the right side to 61 bottom of guide chamber, the stock guide 62 left side is concordant with the bottom of under shed 612, and the right side of guide chamber 61, the motion bar 64 is arranged in the third through-hole 63 Level is slidably arranged in third through-hole 63, and one end of the motion bar 64 is extend into guide chamber 61 and end is installed with sealing plate 641,611 face of the sealing plate 641 and upper opening, the size of the sealing plate 641 is greater than the size of upper opening 611, the activity The other end of bar 64 extends to the outside of guide case 6 and end is installed with limit plate 642, is arranged with second on the motion bar 64 Reset spring 643, the second back-moving spring 643 is between guide case 6 and limit plate 642, in second back-moving spring 643 Under effect, upper opening 611 can be sealed and generate pressing force by the sealing plate 641.
Preferably, the right side of the guide case 6 is installed with electromagnet 65 by connecting plate 651, and the ontology 1 is equipped with control Device 66 processed, the electromagnet 65 are electrically connected by controller 66 with external power supply, and the limit plate 642 is located at guide case 6 and electricity Between magnet 65, the limit plate 642 is permanent magnet.
When needing to open upper opening 611, it is mobile to electromagnet 65 to pull limit plate 642, while starting electromagnet 65, make Limit plate is adsorbed on electromagnet 65 on the contrary, generation attraction, makes to seal by the magnetic pole of electromagnet 65 and the magnetic pole of limit plate 642 Plate 641 far from upper opening 611, saves manually-operated trouble always;In addition, being opened when cleaning potato again in the second cavity 16 Dynamic electromagnet 65, keeps the magnetic pole of electromagnet 65 identical with the magnetic pole of limit plate 642, generates repulsive force, will be sealed by motion bar 64 Plate 641 is pressed at upper opening 611, it is ensured that the potato not cleaned up will not be fallen from upper opening 611.
Specifically, the peeling mechanism include first through hole 141, fixed plate 7, several rubber salient points 181, several First rotating bar 182 and several second rotating bars 192.
Several described first rotating bars 182 are circumferentially rotatably arranged on the round tube 2 in the 4th cavity 18, described The outside of first rotating bar 182 is evenly provided with several rubber convex blocks 183.
When the first rotating bar 182 horizontally rotates, the soil of rubber convex block 183 and different directions in the first rotating bar 182 Beans squeeze, and the frictional force of generation is different, make the first rotating bar 182 that rotation occur under the action of differentiated friction power, can be with Potato is stirred up and down, accelerates potato decortication.
7 level of fixed plate is installed between third partition 13 and the first rotating bar 182, and the fixed plate 7 is equipped with Several second perforation 71 are inserted with rubber slide bar 72 in second perforation 71, and the upper end of the rubber slide bar 72 passes through the Three reset springs 73 are connected with third partition 13, and fixed plate 7 is stretched out in the lower end of the rubber slide bar 72.
Since the top of the 4th cavity 18 is equipped with the rubber slide bar 72 that can be slided up and down, different size of potato is made all may be used To contact rubber slide bar 72 and generate frictional force, under the rotary action of the first rotating bar 182, accelerate potato decortication.
4th partition 14 is equipped with first through hole 141, and the 4th cavity 18 is empty by first through hole 141 and the 5th Chamber 19 is connected.
Several described second rotating bars 192 are circumferentially rotatably arranged on the round tube 2 in the 5th cavity 19, described The outside of second rotating bar 192 is evenly provided with several rubber convex blocks 183.
When the second rotating bar 192 horizontally rotates, the soil of rubber convex block 183 and different directions in the second rotating bar 192 Beans squeeze, and the frictional force of generation is different, make the second rotating bar 192 that rotation occur under the action of differentiated friction power, can be with Potato is stirred up and down, accelerates potato decortication.
Several described rubber salient points 181 are evenly provided on the upper and lower side of the 4th partition 14 and the bottom of the 5th cavity 19 Portion.
Potato rubs in the 4th cavity 18 with the rubber salient point 181 on rubber slide bar 72,14 upper side of the 4th partition It wipes, then under the rotary action of the first rotating bar 182, is moved to potato at first through hole 141, falls to the 5th cavity 19 It is interior, continue to rub with the rubber salient point 181 of 14 downside of the 4th partition and cavity bottom, improves the effect of potato decortication.
Specifically, the bottom of the ontology 1 is equipped with the second through-hole 191, second through-hole 191 and 19 phase of the 5th cavity Connection, the bottom of the ontology 1 are equipped with several supporting legs 81, are installed with splicing frame 8, the splicing frame on the supporting leg 81 8 are located at the underface of the second through-hole 191.
It drives the potato in the 5th cavity 19 to be moved at the second through-hole 191 when the second rotating bar 192 rotates, then passes through It is fallen in splicing frame 8 under second through-hole 191, completes peeling work, it is without human intervention, time saving and energy saving.
Specifically, the ontology 1 is equipped with electric water pump 5, and the bottom of the header tank 4 is equipped with drainpipe 43, described The water inlet of electric water pump 5 is connected by drainpipe 43 with header tank 4, and the water outlet of the electric water pump 5 passes through hose and the One cavity 15 is connected, and the electric water pump 5 is electrically connected with external power supply.
Start electric water pump 5, filtered water in header tank 4 is directly drawn into the first cavity 15, again by spray First 111 spray for cleaning potato, and realization recycles, and save water resource;In addition, electric water pump 5 is infused into the first cavity 15 Water can increase the hydraulic pressure in the first cavity 15, and the hydraulic impact for spraying spray head 111 is bigger, improve the cleaning effect of potato.
In the description of this patent, it is to be understood that the orientation or position of the instructions such as term " on ", "lower", "inner", "outside" Setting relationship is to be based on the orientation or positional relationship shown in the drawings, and is merely for convenience of description this patent and simplifies description, rather than The device or element of indication or suggestion meaning must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a specific orientation, therefore cannot It is understood as a limitation of this patent.
Specific embodiment described herein is only an example for the spirit of the invention.The neck of technology belonging to the present invention The technical staff in domain can make various modifications or additions to the described embodiments or replace by a similar method In generation, however, it does not deviate from the spirit of the invention or beyond the scope of the appended claims.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of structure improved potato washing device for peeling, which is characterized in that including ontology (1), the ontology (1) is in cylinder Shape, the ontology (1) is interior to be equipped with cavity;
First partition (11), second partition (12), third partition (13) and the 4th partition (14), the first partition (11), Two partitions (12), third partition (13) and the 4th partition (14) are successively set on from top to bottom in ontology (1), the first partition (11), cavity is successively separated into the first cavity by second partition (12), third partition (13) and the 4th partition (14) from top to bottom (15), the second cavity (16), third cavity (17), the 4th cavity (18) and the 5th cavity (19), first cavity (15) are interior Fill water, the downside of the first partition (11) is equipped with several spray heads (111), several described spray heads (111) are with the One cavity (15) is connected;
Round tube (2), the round tube (2) rotate coaxially setting in ontology (1), and ontology (1) is stretched out in the upper end of the round tube (2) The lower end at top, the round tube (2) stretches out the bottom of ontology (1) and end is installed with sealing plate (25);
Driving mechanism, the driving mechanism can drive round tube (2) to rotate;
Feeding mechanism, the feeding mechanism can equably be conveyed the potato entered in round tube (2) using the rotation of round tube (2) In to the second cavity (16);
Wiper mechanism, the wiper mechanism can utilize the potato in the rotation cleaning the second cavity (16) of round tube (2);
Conveying mechanism, the potato after the completion of the conveying mechanism can clean the second cavity (16) are delivered to the 4th cavity (18) It is interior;
Mechanism is removed the peel, the peeling mechanism can be removed into the table of the 4th cavity (18) interior potato using the rotation of round tube (2) Skin.
2. structure improved potato washing device for peeling according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the driving mechanism packet It includes:
Shaft (251), the shaft (251) are vertically installed on the downside of sealing plate (25);
Motor (9), the motor (9) are installed in the bottom of ontology (1), output shaft and shaft (251) transmission of the motor (9) Connection.
3. structure improved potato washing device for peeling according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the feeding mechanism packet It includes:
Fixing axle (23), the fixing axle (23) are installed on ontology (1) vertically by fixed frame (231), the fixing axle (23) lower end extend into round tube (2) and is coaxially disposed with round tube (2), and the fixing axle (23) being located in round tube (2) is equipped with Spiral guide slot (232);
Slanting baffle (22), the slanting baffle (22) are inclined in round tube (2), and the slanting baffle (22) is located at fixing axle (23) Lower section;
It is open (24), on round tube (2) side wall that opening (24) perforation is arranged in the second cavity (16), the oblique gear Plate (22) lower side is concordant with the opening bottom of (24).
4. structure improved potato washing device for peeling according to claim 3, which is characterized in that the wiper mechanism packet It includes:
Several fixed links (3), several described fixed links (3) are circumferentially equably installed in the second cavity (16) On round tube (2), the downside of the fixed link (3) is equipped with hairbrush (31);
Several third rotating bars (32), circumferentially uniform rotation is arranged in second to several described third rotating bars (32) On round tube (2) in cavity (16), the third rotating bar (32) is located at the lower section of hairbrush (31);
Structure is stirred, the structure of stirring can be such that the potato in the second cavity (16) realizes up and down using the rotation of round tube (2) It stirs;
The sewage in the second cavity (16) can be discharged in discharge structure, the discharge structure.
5. structure improved potato washing device for peeling according to claim 4, which is characterized in that described to stir structure packet It includes:
Drainboard (33), drainboard (33) level are installed in the second cavity (16) and are located under third rotating bar (32) Side;
Several first perforation (331), several it is described first perforation (331) it is evenly spaced be arranged on drainboard (33), It is inserted with rubber stock (332) in first perforation (331), the lower end of the rubber stock (332) is equipped with the second permanent magnet (334), it is arranged with first back-moving spring (333) on the rubber stock (332), the first back-moving spring (333) is located at drip Between water plate (33) and the second permanent magnet (334), when first back-moving spring (333) is in relaxed state, second permanent magnet (334) it is made with the upside face contact of second partition (12), the second partition (12) of non-magnetic material;
Several first permanent magnets (171), several described first permanent magnets (171) are circumferentially installed in positioned at third cavity (17) on the round tube (2) in, the magnetic pole of first permanent magnet (171) and the second permanent magnet (334) is opposite.
6. structure improved potato washing device for peeling according to claim 5, which is characterized in that the discharge structure packet It includes:
Several discharge orifices (335), several described discharge orifices (335) are evenly arranged on drainboard (33);
Header tank (4), the header tank (4) are installed in the outside of ontology (1), and level is equipped with filter screen in the header tank (4) (42);
One end of water inlet pipe (41), the water inlet pipe (41) is connected with the bottom of the second cavity (16), the other end and header tank (4) it is connected at the top of.
7. structure improved potato washing device for peeling according to claim 6, which is characterized in that the conveying mechanism packet It includes:
Discharge hole (161) and feed opening (181), discharge hole (161) setting is in the second cavity (16), the feed opening (181) in the 4th cavity (18), the bottom of the discharge hole (161) is higher than drainboard (33) for setting;
Guide case (6), the guide case (6) are arranged on the side wall of ontology (1), and guide chamber is equipped in the guide case (6) (61), the guide case (6) includes upper opening (611), the upper opening (611) and discharge hole (161) face, the discharging Hole (161) is connected by upper opening (611) with guide chamber (61);Under shed (612), the under shed (612) and feed opening (181) face, the feed opening (181) are connected by under shed (612) with guide chamber (61);Stock guide (62), the guide Plate (62) is inclined in guide chamber (61), and the left side of the stock guide (62) is concordant with the bottom of under shed (612);Third Through-hole (63), right side of third through-hole (63) setting in guide chamber (61);Motion bar (64), the motion bar (64) are horizontal It is slidably arranged in third through-hole (63), one end of the motion bar (64) is extend into guide chamber (61) and end is installed with envelope The other end of plate (641), the motion bar (64) extends to the outside of guide case (6) and end is installed with limit plate (642), institute It states and is arranged on motion bar (64) second back-moving spring (643), the second back-moving spring (643) is located at guide case (6) and limit Between position plate (642), under the action of second back-moving spring (643), the sealing plate (641) can seal upper opening (611) And generate pressing force.
8. structure improved potato washing device for peeling according to claim 7, which is characterized in that peeling mechanism packet It includes:
Several first rotating bars (182), several described first rotating bars (182) are circumferentially rotatably arranged on positioned at the 4th sky On round tube (2) in chamber (18), several rubber convex blocks (183) are evenly provided on the outside of first rotating bar (182);
Fixed plate (7), fixed plate (7) level is installed between third partition (13) and the first rotating bar (182), described solid Fixed board (7) is equipped with several the second perforation (71), is inserted with rubber slide bar (72), the rubber in second perforation (71) The upper end of slide bar (72) is connected by third reset spring (73) and third partition (13), and the lower end of the rubber slide bar (72) is stretched Fixed plate (7) out;
First through hole (141), the 4th partition (14) are equipped with first through hole (141), and the 4th cavity (18) passes through the One through-hole (141) is connected with the 5th cavity (19);
Several second rotating bars (192), several described second rotating bars (192) are circumferentially rotatably arranged on positioned at the 5th sky On round tube (2) in chamber (19), several rubber convex blocks (183) are evenly provided on the outside of second rotating bar (192);
Several rubber salient points (184), several described rubber salient points (184) are evenly provided on the upper and lower of the 4th partition (14) The bottom of side and the 5th cavity (19).
9. structure improved potato washing device for peeling according to claim 8, which is characterized in that the ontology (1) Bottom is equipped with the second through-hole (191), and second through-hole (191) is connected with the 5th cavity (19), the bottom of the ontology (1) It equipped with several supporting legs (81), is installed with splicing frame (8) on the supporting leg (81), it is logical that the splicing frame (8) is located at second The lower section in hole (191).
10. structure improved potato washing device for peeling according to claim 9, which is characterized in that on the ontology (1) Equipped with electric water pump (5), the bottom of the header tank (4) is equipped with drainpipe (43), and the water inlet of the electric water pump (5) passes through Drainpipe (43) is connected with header tank (4), and the water outlet of the electric water pump (5) is connected by hose with the first cavity (15).
CN201910818599.2A 2019-08-30 2019-08-30 A kind of structure improved potato washing device for peeling Pending CN110419748A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910818599.2A CN110419748A (en) 2019-08-30 2019-08-30 A kind of structure improved potato washing device for peeling

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910818599.2A CN110419748A (en) 2019-08-30 2019-08-30 A kind of structure improved potato washing device for peeling

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN110419748A true CN110419748A (en) 2019-11-08

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201910818599.2A Pending CN110419748A (en) 2019-08-30 2019-08-30 A kind of structure improved potato washing device for peeling

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN110419748A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112438413A (en) * 2020-12-10 2021-03-05 浙江海洋大学 Potato cleaning and screening device

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112438413A (en) * 2020-12-10 2021-03-05 浙江海洋大学 Potato cleaning and screening device

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