CN110415490A - Geological disaster monitoring system based on wireless Mesh netword - Google Patents

Geological disaster monitoring system based on wireless Mesh netword Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110415490A
CN110415490A CN201910721310.5A CN201910721310A CN110415490A CN 110415490 A CN110415490 A CN 110415490A CN 201910721310 A CN201910721310 A CN 201910721310A CN 110415490 A CN110415490 A CN 110415490A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
wireless mesh
node
data
data acquisition
mesh netword
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Pending
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CN201910721310.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
贾伟
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Chengdu Rainier Technology Co Ltd
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Chengdu Rainier Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201910721310.5A priority Critical patent/CN110415490A/en
Publication of CN110415490A publication Critical patent/CN110415490A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08BSIGNALLING OR CALLING SYSTEMS; ORDER TELEGRAPHS; ALARM SYSTEMS
    • G08B21/00Alarms responsive to a single specified undesired or abnormal condition and not otherwise provided for
    • G08B21/02Alarms for ensuring the safety of persons
    • G08B21/10Alarms for ensuring the safety of persons responsive to calamitous events, e.g. tornados or earthquakes
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W4/00Services specially adapted for wireless communication networks; Facilities therefor
    • H04W4/30Services specially adapted for particular environments, situations or purposes
    • H04W4/38Services specially adapted for particular environments, situations or purposes for collecting sensor information

Abstract

The present invention relates to monitoring technology for geological hazards field, specially a kind of geological disaster monitoring system based on wireless Mesh netword.Including data acquisition node, wireless Mesh netword and data monitoring platform.Data acquisition node collects the data in monitoring region, is sent to data monitoring platform by wireless Mesh netword, checks for monitoring personnel.Geological disaster monitoring system based on wireless Mesh netword have the advantages that anti-Kill capability strong, flexible structure, can rapid deployment, easy to maintain.Conventional wireless monitoring mode is avoided, using the stelliform connection topology configuration for having central access point, once central access point is damaged, whole network paralyses, the disadvantage of anti-Kill capability difference.The present invention can effectively monitor Geological Hazards Monitoring region, ensure the security of the lives and property of the people conscientiously.

Description

Geological disaster monitoring system based on wireless Mesh netword
Technical field
The present invention relates to monitoring technology for geological hazards field, specially a kind of geological disaster prison based on wireless Mesh netword Examining system.
Background technique
China's topography and geomorphology multiplicity, geological structure is complicated, and geological disaster is multiple.Studies have shown that the generation of geological disaster is logical Be often under geology internal motivation, external environment power and human activity factor collective effect caused by, geological disaster have gradually The characteristics of change, burst, multiple and mass-sending.Geological disaster will cause severe environments destruction once occurring, and cause weight to local people Big life and property loss.
Currently, Geological Hazards Monitoring has manual inspection, satellite remote sensing, wired monitoring and wireless monitor mode.Manual inspection Survey mode can not continuous real-time monitoring;Satellite remote sensing system is complicated, at high cost, also can not real-time monitoring;Wired monitoring mode cloth Line is complicated, difficult in maintenance;And conventional wireless monitoring mode, using the stelliform connection topology configuration for having central access point, once center connects Access point damage, whole network paralyse, and anti-Kill capability is poor.
Summary of the invention
The present invention use wireless Mesh netword, entire Geological Hazards Monitoring network be in fully connected topology, network node it Between it is equal, there are a plurality of transmission paths between each network node.Geological Hazards Monitoring system based on wireless Mesh netword System have the advantages that anti-Kill capability by force, flexible structure, can rapid deployment, easy to maintain.
Geological disaster monitoring system provided by the invention based on wireless Mesh netword, including it is data acquisition node, wireless Mesh network and data monitoring platform.The data acquisition node collects the data in monitoring region, passes through wireless Mesh netword It is sent to data monitoring platform, is checked for monitoring personnel.
The data acquisition node is divided into A class data acquisition node and B class data acquisition node.Two class data acquisition nodes All have the function of to acquire geology disaster data, the difference is that, the A class data acquisition node can install collected data pre- If time unification is sent to B class data acquisition node, the B class data acquisition node passes through wired mode and wireless Mesh netword Node connection, the data of A class data acquisition node are received to B class data acquisition node, can be sent to nothing by wired mode Line Mesh network node.
Further, the data acquisition node includes data acquisition node master controller, Temperature Humidity Sensor, earth's surface inclination Angular transducer, wireless communication module and power module.A class data acquisition node acquisition data acquisition node location Environment temperature, humidity and earth's surface tilt angle data, module is sent to the B class on wireless Mesh netword node by wireless communication Wireless communication module on data acquisition node.The B class data acquisition node leads to data received on wireless communication module It crosses wired mode and is sent to wireless Mesh netword node.Meanwhile the environment temperature, wet in B class acquisition data acquisition node location Degree and earth's surface tilt angle data are directly sent to wireless Mesh netword node by wired mode.
Further, the data acquisition node master controller is connect by monobus mode with Temperature Humidity Sensor;It is described Data acquisition node master controller is connect by data transmission bus with earth's surface gradient sensor;The data acquisition node Master controller is connect by serial ports with wireless communication module;Carried out data transmission between wireless communication module by ISM band.This Outside, B class data acquisition node master controller is connect by serial ports with wireless Mesh netword node.
The wireless Mesh netword is made of numerous wireless Mesh netword nodes, and the wireless Mesh netword node includes electricity Source module, wireless Mesh netword node primary processor, DDR memory chip, Flash chip, radio-frequency antenna are constituted.It is described wireless Mesh network node is responsible for autonomous discovery, building, maintenance Wireless Mesh data transmission network, and wireless Mesh netword node has There is the ability of self-starting, self-configuring.Data from data acquisition node are carried out envelope frame by the wireless Mesh netword node, are led to It crosses wireless Mesh netword and is sent to data monitoring platform.
Further, the wireless Mesh netword node primary processor is connect by data bus interface with DDR memory chip; The wireless Mesh netword node primary processor is connect by SPI interface with Flash chip;The wireless Mesh netword node master Processor is connect by RF power amplification circuit with radio-frequency antenna;The wireless Mesh netword work is in 2.4GHz frequency range, the nothing Scheduled Wireless Mesh Routing Protocol is installed on line Mesh network node.In addition, wireless Mesh netword node primary processor passes through Serial ports is connect with B class data acquisition node master controller.
The data monitoring platform is established on the Egress node of wireless Mesh netword, is exported and is saved in wireless Mesh netword Point builds Web server and realizes data monitoring platform feature.Data monitoring platform receives the data of all data acquisition nodes, and Data are preserved.Data monitoring platform complete to the real-time display of sensing data, status information, the inquiry of historical data, Threshold Alerts, data download function.
Further, the power module of the data acquisition node and wireless Mesh netword node is and lithium battery power supply device Connection, lithium battery power supply device are connect with solar power supply apparatus.The solar power supply apparatus is under the conditions of daylight Lithium battery provides power supply, and the lithium battery power supply device is converted into different voltage by power module and acquires section for data Point master controller and other modules use, and the lithium battery power supply device is converted into wireless Mesh netword node by power module Applied voltage.
The present invention has the advantages that the present invention mainly uses Wireless Mesh network technology, data acquisition node is obtained The all data of Geological Hazards Monitoring point, by quickly being passed with the strong wireless Mesh netword of multi-hop, self-organizing, anti-Kill capability It is defeated to arrive data monitoring platform.So that entire geological disaster monitoring system have strong anti-Kill capability, flexible structure, can quick portion Administration, advantage easy to maintain ensure the security of the lives and property of the people conscientiously.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the geological disaster monitoring system structural block diagram based on wireless Mesh netword;
Fig. 2 is data acquisition node structural block diagram;
Fig. 3 is wireless Mesh netword node structure block diagram;
Fig. 4 is data monitoring platform feature block diagram;
Fig. 5 is power supply module connection block diagram.
In figure, 1 indicate A class data acquisition node, 2 indicate B class data acquisition nodes, 3 indicate wireless Mesh netword nodes, 4 indicate that mobile terminal, 5 indicate that pc client, 6 indicate data monitoring platform.
Specific embodiment
Below with reference to attached drawing, the embodiment of the present invention is described in detail;
Fig. 1 is the geological disaster monitoring system structural block diagram based on wireless Mesh netword, as shown, provided by the invention Geological disaster monitoring system based on wireless Mesh netword, including data acquisition node, wireless Mesh netword and data monitoring are flat Platform.The data acquisition node collects the data in monitoring region, is sent to data monitoring platform by wireless Mesh netword, supervises Survey personnel can carry out data by the end PC or mobile terminal and check.
The data acquisition node is divided into A class data acquisition node and B class data acquisition node.Two class data acquisition nodes All have the function of to acquire geology disaster data, the difference is that, the A class data acquisition node can install collected data pre- If time unification is sent to B class data acquisition node, the B class data acquisition node passes through wired mode and wireless Mesh netword Node connection, the data of A class data acquisition node are received to B class data acquisition node, can be sent to nothing by wired mode Line Mesh network node.
Further, Fig. 2 is data acquisition node structural block diagram, and the data acquisition node includes data acquisition node master control Device, Temperature Humidity Sensor, earth's surface gradient sensor, wireless communication module and power module processed.The data acquisition node Temperature Humidity Sensor model AM2302 described in master controller model STM32F407, temperature and humidity, the earth's surface tilt angle pass Sensor model MPU-6050, the wireless communication module are Lora wireless communication module.The A class data acquisition node acquisition Environment temperature, humidity and the earth's surface tilt angle data in data acquisition node location are sent by wireless Lora communication module To the wireless Lora communication module on the B class data acquisition node on wireless Mesh netword node.The B class data acquisition node Data received on wireless communication module are sent to wireless Mesh netword node by wired mode.Meanwhile B class acquires data Environment temperature, humidity and the earth's surface tilt angle data in acquisition node location, are directly sent to wirelessly by wired mode Mesh network node.
Further, the data acquisition node master controller is connect by monobus mode with Temperature Humidity Sensor;It is described Data acquisition node master controller transmits I2C bus by data and connect with earth's surface gradient sensor;The data acquisition Node master controller is connect by USART serial ports with wireless communication module;Pass through the ISM frequency of 433MHz between wireless communication module Section carries out data transmission.In addition, B class data acquisition node master controller is connect by serial ports with wireless Mesh netword node.
Fig. 3 is wireless Mesh netword node structure block diagram, and the wireless Mesh netword is by numerous wireless Mesh netword nodes Constitute, the wireless Mesh netword node include power module, wireless Mesh netword node primary processor, DDR memory chip, Flash chip, radio-frequency antenna are constituted.The wireless Mesh netword node is responsible for autonomous discovery, building, maintenance Wireless Mesh data Transmission network, and wireless Mesh netword node has the ability of self-starting, self-configuring.The wireless Mesh netword node is in the future Envelope frame is carried out from the data of data acquisition node, data monitoring platform is sent to by wireless Mesh netword.
Further, the wireless Mesh netword node primary processor AR9341 passes through data bus interface and DDR memory core Piece connection;The wireless Mesh netword node primary processor is connect by SPI interface with Flash chip;The Wireless Mesh network Network node primary processor is connect by RF power amplification circuit with radio-frequency antenna;The wireless Mesh netword work is in 2.4GHz frequency Section, Batman-adv Wireless Mesh Routing Protocol is installed on the wireless Mesh netword node.In addition, wireless Mesh netword node Primary processor is connect by low speed UART serial ports with B class data acquisition node master controller.
Fig. 4 is data monitoring platform feature block diagram, and the data monitoring platform establishes the outlet section in wireless Mesh netword On point, http Web server is built in wireless Mesh netword Egress node and realizes data monitoring platform feature.Data monitoring Platform receives the data of all data acquisition nodes, and data are preserved.Data monitoring platform complete to sensing data, The data storage of status information, real-time display, Threshold Alerts, the inquiry of historical data, data download function.Monitoring personnel passes through net Page mode login service device, checks every monitoring data.
Further, the position Fig. 5 power supply module connection block diagram, the data acquisition node and wireless Mesh netword node Power module is connect with lithium battery power supply device, and lithium battery power supply device is connect with solar power supply apparatus.The solar energy Power supply unit provides power supply under the conditions of daylight for lithium battery, and the lithium battery power supply device is turned by power module It changes 5V, 3.3V voltage into use for data acquisition node master controller and other modules, the lithium battery power supply device passes through electricity Source module is converted into 9V voltage used in wireless Mesh netword node.

Claims (7)

1. the geological disaster monitoring system based on wireless Mesh netword, which is characterized in that including data acquisition node, Wireless Mesh Network and data monitoring platform;The data acquisition node is used to acquire the geological disaster data in monitoring region, by wireless Mesh network is sent to data monitoring platform, checks for monitoring personnel.
2. according to claim 1 based on the geological disaster monitoring system of wireless Mesh netword, it is characterised in that: the data Acquisition node is divided into A class data acquisition node and B class data acquisition node;Two class data acquisition nodes all have acquisition geology calamity Evil data function, the difference is that, collected data can be uniformly sent to by the A class data acquisition node according to preset time B class data acquisition node, B class data acquisition node are connect by wired mode with wireless Mesh netword node, the acquisition of B class data After node receives the data of A class data acquisition node, wireless Mesh netword node is sent to by wired mode.
3. according to claim 2 based on the geological disaster monitoring system of wireless Mesh netword, it is characterised in that: the data Acquisition node includes data acquisition node master controller, Temperature Humidity Sensor, earth's surface gradient sensor, wireless communication module And power module.
4. according to claim 3 based on the geological disaster monitoring system of wireless Mesh netword, it is characterised in that: the data Acquisition node master controller is connect by monobus mode with Temperature Humidity Sensor;The data acquisition node master controller passes through Data transmission bus is connect with earth's surface gradient sensor;The data acquisition node master controller passes through serial ports and channel radio Believe module connection;Carried out data transmission between wireless communication module by ISM band;B class data acquisition node master controller is logical Serial ports is crossed to connect with wireless Mesh netword node.
5. according to claim 4 based on the geological disaster monitoring system of wireless Mesh netword, it is characterised in that: described wireless Mesh network is made of multiple wireless Mesh netword nodes, and each wireless Mesh netword node includes power module, Wireless Mesh Network node primary processor, DDR memory chip, Flash chip and radio-frequency antenna;The wireless Mesh netword node is responsible for autonomous It was found that, building, maintenance Wireless Mesh data transmission network, and wireless Mesh netword node have self-starting, self-configuring energy Power;Data from data acquisition node are carried out envelope frame by the wireless Mesh netword node, are sent by wireless Mesh netword To data monitoring platform.
6. according to claim 5 based on the geological disaster monitoring system of wireless Mesh netword, it is characterised in that: the data Monitoring platform is established on the Egress node of wireless Mesh netword, builds Web server in wireless Mesh netword Egress node Realize data monitoring platform feature;Data monitoring platform receives the data of all data acquisition nodes, and data are preserved.
7. according to claim 6 based on the geological disaster monitoring system of wireless Mesh netword, it is characterised in that: the data The power module of acquisition node and wireless Mesh netword node is connect with lithium battery power supply device, lithium battery power supply device with too Positive energy power supply unit connection;The solar power supply apparatus provides power supply under the conditions of daylight for lithium battery, described Lithium battery power supply device is converted into different voltage by power module to be made for data acquisition node master controller and other modules With the lithium battery power supply device is converted into wireless Mesh netword node applied voltage by power module.
CN201910721310.5A 2019-08-06 2019-08-06 Geological disaster monitoring system based on wireless Mesh netword Pending CN110415490A (en)

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Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103646514A (en) * 2013-12-16 2014-03-19 湖南华中灾害预警研究开发有限公司 Wireless self-networking group detection based mudslide early warning sensing device, system and method
CN203827384U (en) * 2014-04-04 2014-09-10 南京信息工程大学 Wireless Mesh network emergency meteorological observation system in double-subnet mode
CN204496657U (en) * 2014-12-30 2015-07-22 杭州鲁尔物联科技有限公司 A kind of wireless sensor network Geological Hazards Monitoring early warning system
CN205302541U (en) * 2015-12-24 2016-06-08 天津市军联科技有限公司 Based on thing networking GIS forest fire prevention intelligent early warning system
CN105898898A (en) * 2016-06-12 2016-08-24 青岛科恩锐网互联科技有限公司 Information monitoring system based on wireless sensor network
CN106658381A (en) * 2016-12-31 2017-05-10 中国铁道科学研究院电子计算技术研究所 Landslide early warning method based on wireless sensor network
WO2018016703A1 (en) * 2016-07-18 2018-01-25 연세대학교 산학협력단 Wireless sensor network measurement system and measurement method for monitoring, forecasting and alarming landslide
CN108831111A (en) * 2018-05-15 2018-11-16 福建天成保德环保科技有限公司 Landslide real-time monitoring early warning system

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103646514A (en) * 2013-12-16 2014-03-19 湖南华中灾害预警研究开发有限公司 Wireless self-networking group detection based mudslide early warning sensing device, system and method
CN203827384U (en) * 2014-04-04 2014-09-10 南京信息工程大学 Wireless Mesh network emergency meteorological observation system in double-subnet mode
CN204496657U (en) * 2014-12-30 2015-07-22 杭州鲁尔物联科技有限公司 A kind of wireless sensor network Geological Hazards Monitoring early warning system
CN205302541U (en) * 2015-12-24 2016-06-08 天津市军联科技有限公司 Based on thing networking GIS forest fire prevention intelligent early warning system
CN105898898A (en) * 2016-06-12 2016-08-24 青岛科恩锐网互联科技有限公司 Information monitoring system based on wireless sensor network
WO2018016703A1 (en) * 2016-07-18 2018-01-25 연세대학교 산학협력단 Wireless sensor network measurement system and measurement method for monitoring, forecasting and alarming landslide
CN106658381A (en) * 2016-12-31 2017-05-10 中国铁道科学研究院电子计算技术研究所 Landslide early warning method based on wireless sensor network
CN108831111A (en) * 2018-05-15 2018-11-16 福建天成保德环保科技有限公司 Landslide real-time monitoring early warning system

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Application publication date: 20191105